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Japanese Samurai Swords and Napoleonic Weaponry are our Specialities. Original Ancient Weaponry and Militaria from the Bronze Age to the Gulf War.

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The items of militaria shown below can be viewed in our on-line shop complete with full descriptions, photographs and prices.

zincer in the Funcke & Brueninghaus designThe original U-boat badge was instituted in January 1918. Hitler re instituted the submarine war badge on 13 October 1939. The criteria for the award were: 1)To have been involved in a particularly successful mission. 2)To have completed or participated in more than three missions. 3)To have won a bravery decoration in one of these missions even if it was the first. 4)To have been wounded on a mission again even if it was the first time. 5)The badge with the citation was rendered to the next of kin of those lost at sea in a U-boat due to enemy action
Danzig Crosses (2nd Class) would make a great addition to anyone starting out in militaria collection as well as the specialised Danzig collector. It was in the Free City of Danzig that the first shot of WWII was fired when the ship Schleswig-Holstein opened fire on the Polish garrison of the Westerplatte. The Danzig Cross 1st and 2nd class was constituted to honour those who have aided and supported the cause of the National Socialist Workers Party (NSDAP) in Danzig. This is one of the few awards where the 1st class could be awarded without the need of the second class unlike the Iron Cross. It is also one of the rare Nazi awards that does not have a swastika incorporated. Instead it contains the old crest of Danzig (the crown and two crosses) on a Maltese cross. The designer of the medal was Prof Benno von Arent (B.v.A.) and it was almost exclusively manufactured by the jeweler Hulse in Berlin. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danzig_Cross Only 88 first class crosses and 258 second class crosses were awarded in total making this an extremely rare decoration. Recipients were local politians and activists as well as members of the Danzig Police and the SS Heimwehr Danzig. Herman Goering, von Ribbentrop and Heydrich.Alpine Leaders Badge - Alpine Leaders Badge (Heeresbergführer-Abzeichen)- in gilded and enameled tombac, with riveted patinated edelweiss, 42.90mm(width) x 51.81mm(height), weighs 33.4 grams, marked on reverse Deschler & Sohn München 9, slight enamel chipping to white enamels (hardly noticeable), in slightly worn condition; rare badge. - See more at: http://www.emedals.com/a-rare-alpine-leaders-badge-g9965#sthash.xOhXTzei.dpuf
British Basket-Hilted Swords: A Typology of Basket-Type Sword Hilts Hardcover by Cyril Mazansky. The phrase basket-type hilts refers to a large group of hilts which provide a degree of protection to the hand and wrist. Basket-hilted swords have featured prominently among British military edged weapons over the past five centuries, from the Wars of the Roses in the mid fifteenth century to the period immediately after the second Boer War of the early twentieth century. In setting out to give a full account of the hilt type, and the many variants within it, the first necessity has been to provide an appropriate terminology to employ in cataloguing and describing individual examples. The book, well illustrated with 100 black and white illustrations, falls into several parts, dealing successively with general aspects of various hilt types and discussion of typological methodology, the three major groups of basket-hilted swords, the diverse group of incomplete basket hilts, 'mortuary' hilts, and hilts closely related to 'mortuary' hilts. CYRIL MAZANSKY's expertise in British military swords grew out of his interest in aspects of British military history. His large collection of British military swords may be seen at Brown University, donated by the author. Remarkable. The best book on British swords to be published for over a generation. Hardcover: 318 pages
"We Were Born to Make the Fairy Tale to Come True" …by P Karachentsov 1937 A most rare opportunity to acquire a beautiful, original and rare Russian USSR propaganda poster by the great Peter Karachentsov. Published in 1937. A multicolour lithograph published in Moscow and Leningrad in 1937 by OGIZ-IZOGIZ . Karachentsov, Peter Y. Was born in 1907 in St. Petersburg. From 1927-1931 - he studied in Vhuteine ??- the Moscow Institute of Fine Arts In 1920 - the beginning of his work on posters. In the 1930s to 1980s - he was working in the newspapers "Pravda", "Komsomolskaya Pravda", "Izvestia", "For Industrialization"; in "30 Days" magazine, "Height", "Foreign Literature", "Youth", "Ogonyok" (the magazine received numerous prizes for the best pictures of the year). Author of campaign posters on topical issues of his time - anti-bourgeois, anti-religious, anti-fascist; posters on the theme of socialist labour and sports. It illustrates and prepares books for Military Publishing, publishing "Young Guard", "Soviet writer", "truth" and others. He created works in easel graphics - portraits, landscapes, drawings, executed in ink, brush, gouache, watercolor, pencil. 1941-1945 - being at war, he creates a number of front-line sketches and drawings. Since 1944 he worked in the studio of military artists named after M. Grekov. In the 1940-1950-s - he was drawing postage stamps and stamped envelopes. In 1967 - he was the Honoured Artist of the RSFSR. He died in Moscow in 1998. Approx 26.5 inches x 39 inches sold unmounted. Would look stunning with a fine quality frame.
'Hitler Dead', Daily Mail Headline Newspaper. May 2nd 1945 Original most rare broadsheet newspaper, the daily edition annoucing the first news to Britain and the World of Hitlers death in his bunker in Berlin in 1945. In excellent condition for age. Photo on the webshop shows more shading present that is actualy present due to shadowing. Adolf Hitler killed himself by gunshot on 30 April 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin. His wife Eva committed suicide with him by taking cyanide. That afternoon, in accordance with Hitler's prior instructions, their remains were carried up the stairs through the bunker's emergency exit, doused in petrol, and set alight in the Reich Chancellery garden outside the bunker. Records in the Soviet archives show that their burnt remains were recovered and interred in successive locations until 1970, when they were again exhumed, cremated, and the ashes scattered. The first inkling to the outside world that Hitler was dead came from the Germans themselves. On 1 May the radio station Reichssender Hamburg interrupted their normal program to announce that an important broadcast would soon be made. After dramatic funeral music by Wagner and Bruckner, Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz (appointed as Hitler's successor in his will) announced that Hitler was dead. Dönitz called upon the German people to mourn their Führer, who died a hero defending the capital of the Reich. Hoping to save the army and the nation by negotiating a partial surrender to the British and Americans, Dönitz authorized a fighting withdrawal to the west. His tactic was somewhat successful: it enabled about 1.8 million German soldiers to avoid capture by the Soviets, but it came at a high cost in bloodshed, as troops continued to fight until 8 May
'The Metropolitan' Royal Irish Constabulary Whistle & Chain.Early Issue1885 Made by Hudson and Co. 131 Barr St. [the address changed in 1888 to 13 Barr St.]. J. Hudson & Co. won the contract for supplying the Metropolitan Police with whistles in 1883. And with rare exceptions, 19th century stamps bearing a specific Police Force name are either made by Hudson or Dowler. The Royal Irish Constabulary was Ireland's armed police force from the early nineteenth century until 1922. A separate civic police force, the unarmed Dublin Metropolitan Police controlled the capital, and the cities of Derry and Belfast, originally with their own police forces, later had special divisions within the RIC. About seventy-five percent of the RIC were Roman Catholic and about twenty-five percent were of various Protestant denominations. The RIC's successful system of policing influenced the Canadian North-West Mounted Police (predecessor of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police), the Victoria Police force in Australia, and the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary in Newfoundland. In consequence of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the RIC was disbanded in 1922 and was replaced by the Garda Síochána in the Irish Free State and the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland.
13th Battalion (The Macquarie Regiment) - Bi Metal Hat Badge 1953 - 60 13th Battalion (The Macquarie Regiment) - Bi Metal Hat Badge 1953 - 60. Complete with two lugs. The 13th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. Originally raised for the 1st Australian Imperial Force during the First World War, it was formed just six weeks after the start of the war. Along with the 14th, 15th and 16th Battalions which were recruited from New South Wales, it formed the 4th Brigade. The battalion saw service initially at Gallipoli before being transferred to France in 1916. For the next two years it fought in the trenches of the Western Front, earning numerous battle honours in the process. Following the end of the war, the 13th Battalion was demobilised in early 1919. It was re-raised in 1921 as a unit of the part-time Citizens Force, based around Maitland, New South Wales. During the Second World War the battalion undertook garrison duties before being amalgamated with the 33rd Battalion in October 1942. It was re-raised for a third and final time sometime after 1948 and remained on the order of battle until 1960 when it was subsumed into the Royal New South Wales Regiment.
15th Century Medievil Iron Hand Cannon or 'Handgonne' Small enough and light enough to be manoeuvred by hand and thus then loosely fixed, or semi-permanently fixed, in either an L shaped wooden block [and used like a mortar], or, onto a length of sturdy wooden haft, from three feet to five foot long [to be used almost musket like] and bound with wrought iron bands [see illustrations in the photo gallery of these medievil variations of mounting]. The precursor to the modern day pistol and musket from which this form of ancient so called handgonne developed into over the centuries. It is thought that gunpowder was invented in China and found its way to Europe in the 13th Century. In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in relatively common use for castle sieges. By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops. Hand cannon' date of origin ranges around 1350. Hand cannon were inexpensive to manufacture, but not accurate to fire. Nevertheless, they were employed for their shock value. In 1492 Columbus carried one on his discovery exploration to the Americas. Conquistadors Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizzaro also used them, in 1519 and 1533, during their respective conquests and colonization of Mexico and Peru. Not primary arms of war, hand cannon were adequate tools of protection for fighting men. 7 inches long 1 inch bore approx weighs approx 4.5 kilos.
16th Cent. Close Helmet Formerly of the William Randolph Hearst Collection A fine 1590 close helmet, probably Italian, with funery face visor. Fine original brass rose head rivets. A stunning piece with amazing provenance, owned by one of the greatest yet notorious men in world publishing history. William Randolph Hearst ( April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper Moghul, a publisher who built the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism. His collecting took his agents around the Europe to acquire the finest treasures available, for his project of building the largest and finest private estate in the world, Hearst Castle in San Simeon. In much of this he succeeded. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World that led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world. He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909, for Governor of New York in 1906, and for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1910. Nonetheless, through his newspapers and magazines, he exercised enormous political influence, and was famously blamed for pushing public opinion with his yellow journalism type of reporting leading the United States into a war with Spain in 1898. His life story was the main inspiration for the development of the lead character in Orson Welles's film Citizen Kane. His mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, California, halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, was donated by the Hearst Corporation to the state of California in 1957, and is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark, open for public tours. Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada (“The Enchanted Slope”), but he usually just called it “the ranch.” This helmet was acquired by Hearst for his mansion, Hearst Castle, but when his empire began to crumble much of his collection was sold at Gimbels In New York in 1941, which is where the Higgins Armory acquired this helmet. Orson Welles film, Citizen Kane, is thought by many to be one of the greatest masterpieces of film ever made, and it's portrayal of Charles Foster Kane was so mirroring WR Hearst that there was no doubt in any mind what it was meant to represent. So much so, Hearst dedicated some considerable time and effort during the next 10 years in order to destroy Orson Welles' career, and prevent him fulfilling his obvious potential as one of the greatest directors of all time. In much of this, once more, Hearst succeeded. Items from Hearst's collection rarely surface, as owners tend to keep hold of them for obvious reasons of historical posterity and provenance, and to be able to offer such a piece from that collection is a great privilege, and a rare opportunity for it's next fortunate owner.
16th Century Map of America Girolamo Ruscelli Nueva Hispania Tabula Nova. A fabulous original historical artifact ideal for the collector with an interest in the earliest period of America. Printed in 1574 a 16th Century map of the Southern half of the United States and Mexico, including Florida and Texas] hand-coloured map depicting Mexico, Central America and some southern states of the USA, plate 185mm x 258mm, engraver's alterations visible on the Yucatan peninsula, mounted, framed and glazed. Girolamo Ruscelli (1500s-1566) was an Italian polymath, humanist, editor, and cartographer active in Venice during the early 16th century. Ruscelli is best known for his important revision of Ptolemy's Geographia, which was published posthumously in 1574. It is generally assumed that Alexius Pedemontanus was a pseudonym of Girolamo Ruscelli. In a later work, Ruscelli reported that the Secreti contained the experimental results of an ‘Academy of Secrets’ that he and a group of humanists and noblemen founded in Naples in the 1540s. Ruscelli’s academy is the first recorded example of an experimental scientific society. The academy was later imitated by Giambattista Della Porta, who founded an ‘Accademia dei Secreti’ in Naples in the 1560s. 32.5cm x 41cm framed.
1700's Ottoman Kilij Formerly Of Col. Hanmer Warrington 4th Dragoon Guards and Consul General of the Barbary Coast state of Tripoli. Acquired by us from a direct descendant of Consul General Col. Warrington, and through family history this sword was originally owned by Hanmer George Warrington (circa 1776 – 1847). During his earliest days as Consul General. Due to it's form and quality we reliably believe it was very probably given to Consul General Warrington by his close relationship with Pasha Yusuf Karamanli of Tripolitania, such as was the standard in Islamic tradition of giving golden bejewelled swords to emminent excellencies and royalty. The blade on this remarkable and historic sword is inlaid with script in gold, by a blade maker who had the ability to incant magic, as it bears pentagrams, and also the words "There is no power but that of God" . General Warrington was born in Nantwich, Cheshire, England, and served in the British Army, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel of the 4th Dragoon Guards, and subsequently became British Consul General at Tripoli on the Barbary Coast (in present day Libya), in around 1800, a position he held for 32 years. An unresolved mystery surrounds the marriage of Hanmer Warrington to Jane-Eliza Pryce, who was rumoured to be the illegitimate child of the Prince Regent, later George IV. Although never proven, this tenuous connection may explain why Warrington was able to maintain himself in unusual style in a villa outside Tripoli, and why he was never recalled, in spite of repeated diplomatic infringements, particularly towards one French consul, Baron Joseph-Louis Rousseau. Indeed, he was required to explain his sometimes aggressive behaviour to the Colonial Office on more than one occasion. This seeming immunity to severe discipline meant that he was able to entrench himself in his office and thus become an influential actor in the region's affairs, and able to contribute to the various Niger expeditions originating from Tripoli in no small measure. At a time when British influence on the Barbary Coast was overshadowed by that of France, Hanmer Warrington nevertheless succeeded in developing a close relationship with the local ruler, known as the Pasha or Bashaw, Yusuf Karamanli. It may well be this very fine Islamic sword came from this ruler. "Immediately prior to Jefferson's inauguration in 1801, Congress passed naval legislation that, among other things, provided for six frigates that 'shall be officered and manned as the President of the United States may direct.' … In the event of a declaration of war on the United States by the Barbary powers, these ships were to 'protect our commerce & chastise their insolence—by sinking, burning or destroying their ships & Vessels wherever you shall find them.'" On Jefferson's inauguration as president in 1801, Yusuf Karamanli, the Pasha (or Bashaw) of Tripoli, demanded $225,000 from the new administration. (In 1800, Federal revenues totaled a little over $10 million.) Putting his long-held beliefs into practice, Jefferson refused the demand. Consequently, on 10 May 1801, the Pasha declared war on the U.S., not through any formal written documents but in the customary Barbary manner of cutting down the flagstaff in front of the U.S. Consulate. Algiers and Tunis did not follow their ally in Tripoli. The US Navy successfully blockaded Tripoli's harbors in 1803. After some initial military successes, most notably the capture of the USS Philadelphia, the pasha soon found himself threatened with invasion by American ground forces following the Battle of Derna and the reinstatement of his deposed brother, Hamet Karamanli, recruited by the American army officer William Eaton. He signed a treaty ending the war on June 10, 1805. During the Napoleonic Wars, the French conquest of Egypt brought these beautiful and functional swords to the attention of the Europeans. This type of sabre became very popular for light cavalry officers, in both France and Britain, and became a fashionable sword for senior officers to wear. In 1831 the "Mamaluke", as the sword was now called, became a regulation pattern for British general officers (the 1831 Pattern, still in use today). The American victory over the rebellious forces in the citadel of Tripoli in 1805 during the First Barbary War, led to the presentation of bejewelled examples of these swords to the senior officers of the US Marines. Officers of the US Marine Corps still use a mameluke pattern dress sword. Although some genuine Turkish kilij sabres were used by Westerners, most "mameluke sabres" were manufactured in Europe; their hilts were very similar in form to the Ottoman prototype, however, their blades, even when an expanded yelman was incorporated, tended to be longer, narrower and less curved than those of the true kilij. This sword has been in the conservation workshop for 60 expensive hours in order to clean and stabilise the gilt decoration, which has been achieved, and should last, once more, for hundreds of years.
1796 Heavy Cavalry Officers Sword, Broadsword Blade, Steel Combat Scabbard With it's original, very rarely surviving Georgian officer knot of soft fringed braid like tassels of silk and gold thread. Also one of it's original leather belt straps. A very good example of these most desirable of Georgian Swords used by an Officer in the Heavy Cavalry [with a combination, dress hilt and combat broadsword blade and original combat scabbard]. Traditional 'Boat Shaped hilt' in very good order, wood ribbed grip, broadsword blade with some traces of engraving, Used by an officer of the British Heavy cavalry. Most unusually the boat guard is mounted inverted. The Heavy Cavalry were seperated into two brigades at Waterloo. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st 'King's' Dragoon Guards The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English (1st, 'The Royals'), a Scottish (2nd, 'Scots Greys'), and an Irish (6th, 'Inniskilling') regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with the 47-year-old Uxbridge leading them and little reserve Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The British Heavy Cavalry, during the Peninsular War and at Waterloo it fought with incredible distinction and exemplary bravery, and saw some of the most incredible and courageous combat. Fighting the elite French Curassiers and Carabiniers of Napoleons Imperial Guard was no mean feat, for at the time the French Cavalry was some of the most formidable in the world, and at their very peak. Never again was the French Cavalry to be as respected and feared as it was during the great Napoleonic era. Some of the battles this may also have been used at were; [during 1808-14] The Peninsular Campaign, including, Salamanca , Toulouse, Albuera Talavera, Pyrenees then from 1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris 1815: and Quatre-Bras. The last photo in the gallery is of Lady Butler's painting, the Charge of the Scots Greys at Waterloo. One of the heavy cavalry regiments whose officers used this form of sword. [For information only not included]
1796 Infantry Sword of James Hilton, the 48th Foot, the Heroes of Talavera with photos of his Memoriam Card and medal [lacking two bars]. A sword that belonged to a man who served in the 48th foot, the Northamptonshire Regt. His name is inscribed on the folded guard of the gilt bronze hilt. It has a very good silver grip and typical blade. We have polished the silver grip but left the gilded hilt exactly as it is to show it's untouched authenticity. We show photos before and after polishing the silver grip. The memoriam card is a copy as is a photograph of his medal. These photographic copies are included with the sword [not the originals]. A Classic, Ornate, Sculpted Victorian "In Memoriam" Card documenting the Distinguished Military Career of James Hilton of Lancashire, England. Hilton fought with Wellington through the entire Peninsula War Campaign and earned the shown Victoria Medal with the following campaign bars: TALAVERA, ALBUERA, CUIDAD RODRIGO, BADAJOZ, SALAMANCA, BUSACO, VITTORIA, PYRENNES, NIVELLE, ORTHES AND TOULOUSE.'This ode was written by J W Croker for the 48th after their heroism at Talavera ' "Now from the summit, at his call, A gallant legion firm and slow Advances on victorious Gaul; Undaunted, tho' their leader's low! Fixed, as the high and buttressed mound, That guards some leaguered city round, They stand unmoved --" Last picture in the gallery of a watercolour of a soldier of the 48th at Talavera. Although this sword was made circa 1796 they were continually used by officer's and their heirs right up to and including the Crimean War. There are several 1796 infantry swords in regimental museums, that were last used in the Crimean War. One must presume they represent an ancestral sword used by two or more generations as much laxity was permitted to officers in the army in Victorian times, with 'uniform tailor's regulations' often no more than a suggestion of custom and practice. We have seen a photo of RN officers on board ship at the Crimea with almost every single officer wearing a different uniform and cap, many quite obscure in their form, and few of regulation pattern. However, we also currently have a sword used by an officer who was in service in the navy for over 68 years. A 70 year service veteran officer was not unheard of in the 19th century, and no necessity of the change in sword use was required.
1830 Damascus Barrel Overcoat Pistol Back Action Lock By Green of Mallow County Cork, Ireland. Chequered rounded grip all steel mounts. Large bore. A sound and effective personal manstopper protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket or overcoat pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. Replaced ramrod.
1830 Pistol. Stake, Crucifix, Holy Water,Silver Bullet "Vampyre Slayer Set" Set in a walnut fitted case. We believe this most fascinating and interesting curiosity may have been created for An English gentleman who revelled in a wit of the darkest nature sometime after 1830. The cased set's man stopper bore percussion pistol has a good and tight working action, and fitted with a most useful belt hook. The complete kit is comprising of; the side lock percussion belt pistol, a copper and brass powder flask, glass phial and stopper labelled, Holy Water, circular section rosewood case with screw cover, labelled, silver bullet case [without balls], tin circular box and cover, labelled, flowers of garlic (powdered), leather pouch containing a steel and flints [for lighting fires], steel silver-bullet mould [silver bullets though are, apparently, ideal for werewolves only], steel-mounted ebony stake, plated oil bottle, two mother-of-pearl mounted olivewood crucifixes, etc., all in a fitted mahogany case. In some early references, these compendiums of secreted weapons, especially from this era, have often been referred to as Vampyre Protectors, and they are often documented as having, like this one has, a small container with a bottle containing Holy Water within. We feel the term of "Vampyre Protector" may well be part of humorous folklore, a name gained when a weapon set such as this was allegedly used by a gentleman who may have travelled to the notorious region in Romania, and around the Carpathian mountains. Not of course by Bram Stoker's Romania visitor Jonathan Harker, as he was blissfully unaware of the Vampires existence at all. Although, it must be said, especially in the 19th century, the fears of Vampirism were, and still are, taken very seriously indeed throughout much of the isolated areas of Eastern Europe. The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first appearance of the English word vampire (as vampyre) in English from 1734, in a travelogue titled Travels of Three English Gentlemen published in The Harleian Miscellany in 1745. Vampires had already been discussed in French and German literature. After Austria gained control of northern Serbia and Oltenia with the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718, officials noted the local practice of exhuming bodies and "killing vampires". These reports, prepared between 1725 and 1732, received widespread publicity. The English term was derived (possibly via French vampyre) from the German Vampir, in turn derived in the early 18th century from the Serbian vampir when Arnold Paole, a purported vampire in Serbia was described during the time when Northern Serbia was part of the Austrian Empire. It is thanks to authors such as John Polidori [in 1809] and Bram Stoker in 1897 that the legends of Vampires and Dracula continue throughout the world into the 21st century. Some few years ago the Royal Armouries acquired a somewhat similar cased, pistol, stake, crucifix and accessories etc. 'Vampyre Slayer Set', for the Royal Collection. Bram Stoker created the most famous Vampire of all, Dracula based on the reputation and lore of Vlad Dracul The Impaler Famous for introducing the character of the vampire Count Dracula, the novel tells the story of Dracula's attempt to move from Transylvania to England so he may find new blood and spread the undead curse, and the battle between Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Professor Abraham Van Helsing. This group of Vampyre slayers fought throughout the entire novel to bring about Draculas undoing and reference to all of the contents of this case are referred to in order to vanquish the notorious vampire. Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literature, horror fiction, the gothic novel and invasion literature. Although Stoker did not invent the vampire, he defined its modern form, and the novel has spawned numerous theatrical, film and television interpretations. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
1842 Swiss Sharpshooters Sword Wooden grip with six brass rivets. Single edged blade made by Horster of Solingen. Carried by the Swiss Infantry sharpshooters.
1845 British Sword Presented By General Power to J.P Boyd of the 63rd Regiment. Made by Wilkinson Sword Co. Mercurial gilt hilt in all brass scabbard. Deluxe presentation blade with Queen Victoria's cypher, full embellishment of scrolls and crowns, and a charming presentation inscription, within the etching, from General Power to his Godson, Lt Boyd of the 63rd Foot. This sword has just returned from two days in the cleaning workshop. Ensign Boyd served in the Crimean War at Sevastopol upon joining his initial regiment the 38th Foot the Staffordshire Regt. After a few years in 1859 he transferred to the 63rd Foot the Suffolk Regt, as a Lieutenant, and served in Canada. With his godfather [in 1862-1863], Boyd was based in Canada, and General Power was there as part of British contingent involved in the the “Trent Affair”. This was a situation, based in part in Canada, concerning two Confederate diplomats captured by USS San Jacinto from British mail packet RMS Trent on their journey to London. Their intended task was to influence Britain to recognise the Confederacy as a separate state during the war. An intolerable point of view from President Lincoln's perspective. Positions in Canada were put in place by the British, with the assistance of General Power, just in case Britain declared war on the northern States in the Civil War, or Lincoln declared war on the Empire. A state that Lincoln was anxious to avoid at all costs. Later, around this time, Boyd joined the Royal Canadian Rifles. The story of General Power. General Sir William Tyrone Power of Co. Managhan Ireland. served in China in 1943 and the Expeditionary Force at Amoy and Chusan. In New Zealand in 1846-7. In the Kaffir War in 1851-3. In The Crimean War 1854 -55 at Alma, Inkerman and Sebastopol.. At the taking of Kinbourn, gaining further medals, and the attack and capture of Canton 1857-8. And in the Trent Affair in Canada 1862-63. A highly decorated general born, raised and married in Ireland, and, after serving his Queen and Country for several decades with distinction, died, aged 92. The story of Ensign Boyd's 63rd regiment at Sebastopol. The siege of Sebastopol was to continue as grimly as before Inkerman with the troops suffering in the harsh winter conditions. On the 21st December the Russians made another sortie attacking a detachment of the 50th (West Kent) Regiment. Two companies of the 38th were sent to reinforce them launching a charge at the Russian forces driving them back and inflicting considerable losses on them. For this action a Lieutenant Gordon of the 38th was mention in Lord Raglan dispatches and promoted being transferred to the Coldstream Guards. Four soldiers of the 38th were killed during the fight. After this action there was little fighting during the winter of 1854-55 but the Regiment was kept busy repairing outposts and trenches. Conditions for the men improved little and disease killed far more than the actual fighting. A shortage of British troops meant they could not spare any for a major offensive against the Russians. The French however kept up pressure on the enemy, which although not always successful, inflicted heavy casualties upon them. One such attack included the assault on the fort at Redan and the 38th were to take part in a diversionary action to the left of the fort. The 5th Brigade, of which the 38th was part, captured the cemetery and occupied some of the suburbs of Sevastopol. Despite this the main French attack on the fort got pinned down so Raglan ordered British forces to directly attack Redan itself. It was during this attack that the former Colonel of the 38th, Brigadier Sir John Campbell, was killed. Lieutenant-Colonel Louth fought fiercely but was wounded in the head. Louth was removed to a house where his wounds were dressed only to be wounded again by an enemy shell which killed another officer, a corporal and wounded 4 others. Being invalided home Louth was to die shortly after reaching Portsmouth. The siege was to continue but on the 2nd Aril 1856 the Russians signed a peace treaty. For its actions during the Siege the 38th was awarded the Battle Honour “Sevastopol”. Awards and Casualties The men of the 38th Regiment of Foot received the Crimea Medal with many being entitled to the three clasps “Alma”, “Inkerman” and “Sebastopol”. However about 40 were present at Balaclava and so also received the clasp “Balaklava”. Although no Victoria Crosses were won by the Regiment for the Crimea some 15 Distinguished Conduct Medals were awarded to other ranks. Sparks was made CB while a number of officers received French or Turkish awards. A total of 3 officers and 43 other ranks were killed in action and 217 wounded. Another 2 officers and 486 men died of various reasons during the campaign while a further 23 officers and 260 men were invalided home. Nine men were captured by the enemy and 8 were convicted of being deserters. The Regiment left Balaclava for England on the 26th June 1856 on HMS Caser with a total strength of 850, less than half its original strength. The sword is most attractive and now restored to it's former beauty and considerable glory. The scabbard does have various areas of denting. A point of interest is as follows;The British and American Steam Navigation Company, was a pre-Cunard steamship line whose second vessel, the President, sank in 1841. On board was General William Power’s father. Family legend is that he had the title deeds in his possession for the land on which Madison Square Gardens now sits.
1874 Long Service Good Conduct Medal BQM Sgt. Carter Royal Field Artillery The Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was instituted by King William IV in 1830, for award to soldiers for long service and good conduct. The medal was initially awarded to soldiers in the ranks of the Regular Force who had completed 21 years of service in the infantry or 24 years in the cavalry. From 1870 the qualifying period was reduced and the medal was awarded to Regular Force non-commissioned officers and men who had completed eighteen years of irreproachable service, irrespective whether the service was in the infantry or the cavalry. A recipient who was subsequently awarded the Meritorious Service Medal had to stop wearing the Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal The obverse of the original medal showed a Trophy of Arms that incorporated a central shield bearing the Royal Coat of Arms, with the House of Hanover Shield in its centre. On the Queen Victoria version, introduced after her succession to the throne in 1837, the Hanover emblem was removed from the central shield. In 1837, upon the coronation of Queen Victoria, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended as a result of differing succession laws. In terms of Salic Law, Hanover could only be inherited by a male heir, with the result that Hanover's throne was inherited by Victoria's uncle Ernest Augustus, younger brother of King William IV. On the Queen Victoria version of the medal, the House of Hanover Shield was therefore removed from the central shield on the obverse. The same Victorian obverse design was also used for the original version of the Distinguished Conduct Medal that was instituted in 1854. Victoria version with small lettering Due to the large number of these medals that were awarded during the long reign of Queen Victoria, new dies had to be cut from time to time, which resulted in differences in appearance. In 1855 a Victoria version of the medal with new swivelling scroll suspender began to be produced. The suspender was affixed to the medal by means of a double-toe claw and a horizontal pin through the upper edge of the medal. From 1874 a fourth version of the Victoria medal appeared, with smaller lettering on the reverse and with the underline to the inscription now two spear blades separated by three separate balls. The medal also had a redesigned and more elaborate scroll suspender. Excellent condition no ribbon.
1888 Pattern Lee Metford Boer War Bayonet MkI, Type 2 Type 2With scarce non regulation scabbard.2 Rivet hilt. With scabbard. Good condition for age all usual British acceptance marks
18th Century Brass Barrel Flintlock Pistol, Probably By Ketland & Co Finest two stage octagonal and round barrel 9.2 inches long, excellent steel lock engraved K&C, all brass furniture including pineapple finial trigger guards and two barrel ramrod pipes. Very fine juglans regia walnut stock in superb condition. Stepped lock with rolling frizzen. Ketland [1740-1804] William Ketland, Sr., established a gunsmithy at Birmingham in 1740, and after his death his eldest grandson, William Ketland, carried on the business until his death in 1804. During this period they operated under the name of Ketland & Co. It is not definitely known when they opened the London shop but it is believed to be about 1760, and were one of the first Birmingham gunmakers to compete with London gunmakers of fine workmanship. The Ketlands arms mark later developed into the Birmingham Proof Mark. William Ketland II's brother-in-law, Thomas Izon continued to operate the company under the name Ketland & Co. until 1831, when they got into financial difficulties and the firm ceased operations. William Ketland, Sr., had two other grandsons, Thomas and John Ketland, both gunsmiths who worked on a co-operative basis with William Ketland under the name Ketland & Co. However, Thomas and John emigrated foto the USA in 1780. A number of American Kentucky rifles had Ketland & Co locks.
18th Century Massive Indian Executioner's Sword Tegha Mughal Executioner's Sword (tegha) made around the time of Emperor Shah Alam II and used into the era of Emperor Akbar II, India, 1222-4 AH/ 1807-10 AD. With a massive 73.5cm broad curved single edge steel blade, double edged for the last 26cm, each side chiselled with panels of deities, one side applied with a brass figure. Prince Mirza Akbar was born on 22 April 1760 to Emperor Shah Alam II at Mukundpur, Rewa, while his father was in exile. On 2 May 1781, at the Red Fort, the prince was made Crown Prince with the title of Wali Ahd Bahadur, after the death of his elder brother. When the renegade eunuch Ghulam Qadir captured Delhi, the young Prince Mirza Akbar was forced to nautch dance together along with other Mughal princes and princesses. He witnessed how the members of the imperial Mughal family were humiliated, as well as starved. When Jahan Shah IV fled, Mirza Akbar was titular Emperor with the title of Akbar Shah II, and was to remain acting emperor even after the reinstation of his father Shah Alam II, till December 1788. Akbar II (1760–1837 CE), also known as Akbar Shah II, was the penultimate Mughal emperor of India. He reigned from 1806 to 1837. He was the second son of Shah Alam II and the father of Bahadur Shah II..No scabbard
18th Century Moghal Sword, of the Battle of Plassey 1757 Apparently, through family legend, captured at the Battle of Plassey by a British Officer, and bought back as a war souvenir. The Battle of Plassey was an East India Company victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, establishing Company rule in India and British rule over much of South Asia for the next 190 years. The battle took place on 23 June 1757 at Palashi, West Bengal, on the riverbanks of the Bhagirathi River, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad, then the capital of the Nawab of Bengal. The opponents were Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, and the British East India Company. The battle was waged during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) and in a mirror of their European rivalry the French East India Company sent a small contingent to fight against the British East India Company. Overall russet finish with feint traces of gold decoration on the slightly loose hilt. Small picture in the gallery shows Robert Clive after the victory at Plassey. [Picture for historical information and context only, not included].
18th Century Samurai Katana Late Shinto Period Circa 1750 A very good and beautifully mounted sword. Untouched for these past 140 odd years and now returned from artisan polishing and conservation. It has been utterly transformed to look how it once did 200 years ago. Higo iron mounts with pure gold decoration, Higo tsuba with gold, decorated with two figures, one with a yari polearm another with a basket, one standing one seated, both with silver faces and hands. Dark red cinnabar lacquer saya. The blade will be much improved with polishing. The culture of the samurai traditionally revolved around Bushido. "Bushido" means "Way of the Warrior." It was at the heart of the beliefs and conduct of the Samurai. The philosophy of Bushido is "freedom from fear." It meant that the Samurai transcended his fear of death. That gave him the peace and power to serve his master faithfully and loyally and die well if necessary. "Duty" is a primary philosophy of the Samurai. The Samurai rose out of the continuing battles for land among three main clans: the Minamoto, the Fujiwara and the Taira. The Samurai eventually became a class unto themselves between the 9th and 12th centuries A.D. They were called by two names: Samurai (knights-retainers) and Bushi (warriors). Some of them were related to the ruling class. Others were hired men. They gave complete loyalty to their Daimyo (feudal landowners) and received land and position in return. Each Daimyo used his Samurai to protect his land and to expand his power and rights to more land. The Samurai became expert in fighting from horseback and on the ground. They practiced armed and un-armed combat. The early Samurai emphasized fighting with the bow and arrow. They used swords for close-in fighting and beheading their enemies. Battles with the Mongols in the late 13th century led to a change in the Samurai's fighting style. They began to use their sword more and also made more use of spears and naginata. The Samurai slowly changed from fighting on horseback to fighting on foot. The Samurai wore two swords (daisho). One was long; the other short. The long sword (daito - katana) and The short sword (shoto - wakizashi). The Samurai often gave names to their swords and believed it was the "soul" of their warriorship. The oldest swords were straight and had their early design in Korea and China. The Samurai's desire for tougher, sharper swords for battle gave rise to the curved blade we still have today. The sword had its beginning as iron combined with carbon. The swordsmith used fire, water, anvil and hammer to shape the world's best swords. After forging the blade, the sword polisher did his work to prepare the blade for the "furniture" that surrounded it. Next, the sword tester took the new blade and cut through the bodies of corpses or condemned criminals. The "furniture" of each sword changed over the decades as fashion and style dictated, only the blade remained original, but was on ocassion shortened as to the requirements of it's current owner. Good undulating hamon. The fushi kashira have incredibly small and fine silver scrolls inlaid throughout the entire background38.5 inches long overall in saya, blade length 27 inches tsuba to tip.
18th Century, Very Rare Reservoir -Butt Air Gun circa 1785, Likely German. As far back as 250BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile. Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel. These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of 500 yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board. These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tired to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners Air guns even saw much combat in battle, an Austrian Army used a air rifle designed by Grandoni in 1779 that shot 20 rounds of .44 cal. bullets at speeds as high as 1,000 feet per second. They fought well against Napoleon's Army and even though the Austrian Army was out numbered and lost the battle, the Austrian's armed with air guns demoralized Napoleon's Army and they suffered had a great number of casualties. Air guns were so feared by Napoleon's Army that any enemy soldier captured with a air rifle was executed as an assassin. One important reason Napoleon was so upset about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed. One of the most famous air guns in history is the .36 caliber air gun that Lewis and Clark took along with them on their expedition of 1804-06. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.". In overall very fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox .44 calibre, sighted, steel barrel with smooth untouched surfaces, fine bore with front site.. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: matching, smooth, blued surfaces and in functional order. Complete with its original air release lever. Leather wrapped, conical, hollow, steel butt stock/air reservoir. Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. Very fine stock A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt Air Rifle. Overall length, 55". As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
18th to 19th Century Ottoman Kilij/Shamshir A form of sword that is actually known around the world by at least three different names, the kilij, shamshir and mamaluke. Picture in the gallery of Napoleon in Egypt carrying his identical form of kilij/shamshir. A sturdy curved single edged steel blade of kilij form. A hilt comprised of a grip with horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel in a characteristic Turkish Ottoman style, set with rivets and enclosed by fluted brass straps, with a white metal crossguard. The wooden scabbard is covered in low grade silver panels decorated with geometric patterningt with a single loop for suspension. The horn grip is very good with some small holing, the scabbard is good. The blade is later inscribed with a presentation inscription in English dated in 1938. Many old Turkish and Mameluke blades were constantly remounted and used for a few hundred years and were passed from father to son and were used by the next generations, hence swords made earlier were still used after hundreds of years. The overall length with the scabbard is approximately: 100 cm (39 in). The overall length without the scabbard is approximately: 97 cm (38 in). Examples of similar forms of Ottoman blades dated to the 16th -17th century and mounted in 18th century mountings can be seen in the Topkapi Sarayi Museum Istanbul and also in the Askeri Museum Istanbul Turkey. The kilij sword was mainly favored by the famous Turkish Ottoman elite cavalry Sipahi, but was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary and parts of the Russian Empire. See Islamic Swords and Swordsmiths by Unsal Yucel, "Les armes blanches du monde islamique" by Alan Jacob and "Armies of the Ottoman Turks 1300-1774" by David Nicolle. Mamelukes are members of a former military caste originally composed of slaves from Turkey, that held the Egyptian throne from the mid thirteenth century to the early 1500s. They remained strong until 1811. Regency fashion took inspiration from everything Mameluke, from swords to clothing. Many British generals and admirals took to wearing the Kilij [or mamluke], and in France, Napoleon's general's did very much the same. This sword is in it's original scabbard. The origins of the Mamluke originate from the slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid Sultans during the Middle Ages. Over time, they became a powerful military caste often defeating the Crusaders. On more than one occasion, they seized power for themselves; for example, ruling Egypt in the Mamluk Sultanate from 1250–1517.Initially the Mamelukes were mostly Qipchaq Turks from the steppe lands north of the Black Sea but from 1382 onwards the rulers were mostly Circasians from the Caucasus. Though Mameluke politics were marked by intrigue and violence, the regime was very successful. Militarily they were the only power able to defeat the Mongols, at the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, and they put an end to the crusader occupation of the Holy Land with the conquest of Acre in 1291. Both economically and culturally, Mameluke rule was the most successful period in the history of medieval Egypt. The Mamelukes remained a force to be reckoned with until their defeat by Napoleon at the battle of the Pyramids in 1798.
1902-1908 Princess Of Wales Own Hussars Elephant Cap Badge The first use of the numeral 19 for a British Army line cavalry regiment was in 1786, when the 23rd Light Dragoons was renumbered. This unit had been raised in 1781 as the first ever British cavalry unit to operate in India, where it fought against Tipu Sultan and Dhoondia Wao and served under Arthur Wellesley at Assaye. It then served on garrison duties in India before being sent to Canada to fight in the War of 1812, becoming the 19th Lancers in 1816 and finally being disbanded in 1821. The second unit to bear the numeral was the 19th Hussars, which was the title taken by the five-year-old 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry when it moved from the East India Company to the British Army in 1862 - it was also allowed to keep the battle honours of the 19th Lancers. This unit then fought in Egypt and Sudan in the 1880s and at the relief of Ladysmith during the Boer War - one of its colonels during this time was John French, better known for his generalship during the First World War. It was sent to France as part of the British Expeditionary Force in 1914, fighting at Mons and the Marne. It served on the Western Front for the rest of World War One and was disbanded in 1921.
1929 Zeppelin Display Stand, In Oak With Zeppelin Badge And Carved Airship Ferdinand von Zeppelin served as an official observer with the Union Army during the American Civil War. During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. C. Lowe. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man. His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics. Zeppelin's ideas for large dirigibles was first expressed in a diary entry dated 25 March 1874. Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: a large rigidly-framed outer envelope continuing a number of separate gasbags. In 1887 the success of Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs' airship La France prompted him to send a letter to the King of Württemberg about the military necessity for dirigibles and the lack of German development in this field. He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co. and his name lived on in German legend as the great airship pioneer of international travel and airship warfare. 11 inches x 9 inches x 3.5 inches
1936 Third Reich Polizei/SS Fuhrer Degan Silver plated steel degan hilt, with black ribbed grip, bound with silver wire, and with it's original inset copper badge of the Third Reich German Police. Blade maker marked by WKC, Solingen. The Police and the SS officers shared this common pattern of sword from 1936 onwards. Although a solely serving SS officer may have a sigrunen rune badged hilt to his sword, a Police or combined Police/SS officer may have the Police badged hilt. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks. It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war. For instance, a Generalleutnant in the Police who was also an SS member would be referred to as SS Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. In addition, those Orpo police generals that undertook the duties of both Senior SS and Police Leader (Höhere SS und Polizeiführer) gained equivalent Waffen-SS ranks in August 1944 when Himmler was appointed Chef der Ersatzheeres (Chief of Home Army), because they had authority over the prisoner-of-war camps in their area. Heinrich Himmler's ultimate aim was to replace the regular police forces of Germany with a combined racial/state protection corps (Staatsschutzkorps) of pure SS units. Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions. Historical analysis of the Third Reich has revealed that senior Orpo personnel knew of Himmler's plan and were opposed to it. Good blade, just grey needing polish, good scabbard with no denting just paint wear. Very good bright hilt with all natural age wear
1937 Third Reich Era 'Condor' Aeronautical Presentation Silver Plate, For the first million kilometres of the Airline Syndicato Condor Ltda at Rio De Janiero on the 16th Sept 1937. An airline funded and partnered by Lufthansa, with many German directors and principles. Lufthansa was once an instrument of the Third Reich, an airline that effectively was used to create the modern wartime Luftwaffe through it's training of German pilots for the coming war. It's company title was named after the Nazi favoured representation of their joint Spanish-German aeronautical endeavours. It was decided the South American company name should be the Condor Syndicato Ltda, as the Reich associated aviation in the Spanish speaking worlds with the Condor. This title was thus used by the German pilots and tank crews that served in the 'Condor Legion'. Volunteers from the German armed forces, that fought for Franco in the Spanish Civil war. The Condor Legion was used to develop the principles, and perfect the techniques, of their new system of warfare called Blitzkrieg. This new, devilish, and incredibly successful method of warfare was rehearsed, in other areas of influence and conflict, outside of Germany before the war. Much of it with South American trained German pilots against the Republicans in the Spanish War in 1936 to 1939
1953 Queen Elizabeth IInd Coronation Silver Medal The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal is a commemorative medal that was instituted to celebrate the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal is a silver disk, 1.25 inches in diameter. The obverse features a crowned effigy of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, in a high-collared ermine cloak and wearing the collar of the Garter and Badge of the Bath. There is no raised rim and no legend. Unnamed
19th Century 1870 Zulu War Officer's Campaign Knife and Fork Set, 'Scotia' J.McClory & Sons Sheffield, with mahogany handles. From a family's Zulu War effects of an ancestor who fought in war and three items were preserved. His sword a long Zulu knopkerrie and his Scotia campaign knife and fork set. We are selling all three, but seperately.
19th Century Napoleonic Wars Kilij With Russian Script Etched Blade A form of sword that is actually known around the world by at least three different names, the kilij, shamshir and mamaluke. With small cyrillic etched passages on both sides of the blade. [Please note; if anyone can translate the script on the blade we would be most grateful to know]. Picture in the gallery of Napoleon in Egypt carrying his identical form of kilij/shamshir. A sturdy curved single edged steel blade of kilij form. A hilt comprised of a grip with horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel in a characteristic Turkish Ottoman style, set with rivets and enclosed by fluted brass straps, with a white metal crossguard. The wooden scabbard is covered in low grade silver panels decorated with geometric patterning with a twin loop for suspension. The horn grip is very good with flower head rivets, the scabbard is very good for age. The blade is later inscribed with an inscription in cyrillic. Many old Turkish and Mameluke blades were constantly remounted and used for a few hundred years and were passed from father to son and were used by the next generations, hence swords made earlier were still used after hundreds of years. The overall length with the scabbard is approximately: 100 cm (39 in). The overall length without the scabbard is approximately: 97 cm (38 in). Examples of similar forms of Ottoman blades dated to the 16th -17th century and mounted in 18th century mountings can be seen in the Topkapi Sarayi Museum Istanbul and also in the Askeri Museum Istanbul Turkey. The kilij sword was mainly favored by the famous Turkish Ottoman elite cavalry Sipahi, but was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary and parts of the Russian Empire. See Islamic Swords and Swordsmiths by Unsal Yucel, "Les armes blanches du monde islamique" by Alan Jacob and "Armies of the Ottoman Turks 1300-1774" by David Nicolle. Mamelukes are members of a former military caste originally composed of slaves from Turkey, that held the Egyptian throne from the mid thirteenth century to the early 1500s. They remained strong until 1811. Regency fashion took inspiration from everything Mameluke, from swords to clothing. Many British generals and admirals took to wearing the Kilij [or mamluke], and in France, Napoleon's general's did very much the same. This sword is in it's original scabbard. The origins of the Mamluke originate from the slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid Sultans during the Middle Ages. Over time, they became a powerful military caste often defeating the Crusaders. On more than one occasion, they seized power for themselves; for example, ruling Egypt in the Mamluk Sultanate from 1250–1517.Initially the Mamelukes were mostly Qipchaq Turks from the steppe lands north of the Black Sea but from 1382 onwards the rulers were mostly Circasians from the Caucasus. Though Mameluke politics were marked by intrigue and violence, the regime was very successful. Militarily they were the only power able to defeat the Mongols, at the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, and they put an end to the crusader occupation of the Holy Land with the conquest of Acre in 1291. Both economically and culturally, Mameluke rule was the most successful period in the history of medieval Egypt. The Mamelukes remained a force to be reckoned with until their defeat by Napoleon at the battle of the Pyramids in 1798.
21st Regiment Essex Fusiliers Fur Busby grenade. Circa.1887 Canadian Militia busby helmet badge. 21st Regiment Essex Fusiliers Fur Busby grenade. Circa.1887 Brass grenade with two lugs to the reverse in excellent condition.
2nd Scottish General Hospital Piper's Silver Glengarry Badge Royal Army Medical Corps. Good original cast whitemetal example of sound weight. The unit can trace its origins to the Volunteer Medical Staff Companies formed in the nineteeth century. These saw service in the Boer War. Following the formation of the Territorial Army in 1908 units saw service in the World Wars. 205 (Scottish) Field Hospital (V) is the only TA formation to have served in both the Gulf wars. The unit tartan has for some years been Graham of Montrose, worn originally by the Pipes and Drums of the 2nd Scottish General Hospital from 1920. Now added is the deep cherry red of the RAMC, the dark green of the RADC and the grey and scarlet of the QARANC. These are the three medical elements of the Field Hospital. -
3rd Pattern WW2 FS Knife, With Non Standard Deviation FS Scabbard The blade has been hand honed by the commando to more resemble a needle point stiletto for serious added penetration ability. The scabbard is very similar to the US Raider scabbard, and some that were used by Free French Paras. The story about the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting knife starts in England in 1940. In 1940 the British formed special commandos to carry out raids. The initiative came from Winston Churchill in 1940 for a force that could carry out raids against German occupied Europe.. On the 8 June 1940, Section M09 of the War Office was brought into being. The name commando was taken from small effective mobile Boer units during the war in South Africa 1899-1902. Initially drawn from within the British Army from soldiers who volunteered for special service, the Commandos' ranks would eventually be filled by members of all branches of the United Kingdom's armed forces and a number of foreign volunteers from German-occupied countries. Reaching a wartime strength of over 30 individual units and four assault brigades, the Commandos served in all theatres of war from the Arctic circle to Europe and from the Middle East to South-East Asia. Their operations ranged from small groups of men landing from the sea or by parachute to a brigade of assault troops spearheading the Allied invasions of Europe and Asia. Two of the first instructors were Captain William Ewart Fairbairn (b. 28 February 1885, d. 20 June 1960) and Captain Eric Anthony Sykes (b. 5 February 1883, d. 12 May 1945). These middle aged gentlemen trained the young soldiers in a new and difficult mode of close-combat fighting at the Commando Basic Training Centre, Achnacarry, Scotland. Churchill described the commandos as 'a steel hand from the sea' The need for a proper fighting knife, for these commandos, was apparent from the first few weeks of training specialized personnel. As Fairbairn later wrote, "...the authorities did not recognize a fighting knife as part of the equipment of the fighting services. In fact, such a thing as a fighting knife could not be purchased anywhere in Great Britain." Until now, there had never been an official knife for the British armed services, although many types of knife had been authorised for use in the past. Bowie style knives were carried by some of the Imperial Yeomantry during the South African War of 1900-1901, and in World War I cut-down bayonets, privately purchased hunting knives, or captured German issue folding knives were extensively utilised. In November 1940 there was a meeting between W. E. Fairbairn, E. A. Sykes and Robert Wilkinson Latham at Wilkinson Sword Company. Fairbairn and Sykes described the type of knife they envisioned and the purpose for which it was intended. As discussion continued, preliminary sketches were drawn up and modified time and time again. As Robert Wilkinson Latham tells it: 'In order to explain exactly their point, the two men rose to their feet and one, it was Fairbairn my grandfather mentioned, grabbed the wood ruler from his desk and the two men danced around the office in mock combat'. W. E. Fairbairn had also brought with him an example of a suitable fighting knife. The system they devised utilised techniques drawn from Jiu Jitsu, Gatka, Kung Fu and 'Gutter Fighting'. It proved extremely effective. They were natural choices for the job. Both had served in the Shanghai Municipal Police Force, facing death daily in the dark, narrow streets and alleys of the city against armed thugs and organised gangs. In Shanghai they had made some fighting knives out of bayonets. The meeting resulted in the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting Knife, that was manufactured, firstly, into the 1st pattern FS Knife, it was to then evolve, briefly, into the 2nd pattern FS Knife [in August 1942] and eventually into the 3rd pattern, in around October 1943. The 3rd pattern is still in use today. This is very good example of these highly sought after early 2nd types.
6. Schiffsstammabteilung Der Ostsee Training Crew Recruits Baltic Command A very impressive cap tally from the 1930's and WW2. Photo in the gallery of the Schiffsstammabteilung Der Ostsee officers and men.
8th Punjab Indian Army Regt. Officer's Cap Badge Single pin mount. The 8th Punjab Regiment had its origins in the Madras Army, where its first battalion was raised at Masulipatam in 1798. Four more battalions were raised in 1799-1800. In 1824, they were designated as the 29th, 30th, 31st, 32nd and 33rd Regiments of Madras Native Infantry. In the early 19th century, these battalions were engaged in fighting the Marathas and took part in a number of foreign expeditions including the Anglo-Burmese Wars. Between 1890 and 1893, they were reconstituted with Punjabi Muslims and Sikhs as Burma Battalions and permanently based in Burma to police the turbulent Burmese hill tracts. Under the Kitchener Reforms of 1903, they were redesignated as the 89th, 90th, 91st, 92nd Punjabis, and 93rd Burma Infantry. They were delocalized from Burma before the First World War The 8th Punjabis have a most distinguished record of service during the First World War. Their long list of honours and awards includes the Victoria Cross awarded to Naik Shahmed Khan of 89th Punjabis in 1916. The 89th Punjabis had the unique distinction of serving in more theatres of war than any other unit of the British Empire. These included Aden, where they carried out the first opposed sea-borne assault landing in modern warfare, Egypt, Gallipoli, France, Mesopotamia, North-West Frontier Province, Salonika and Russian Transcaucasia. All battalions served in Mesopotamia, while 93rd Burma Infantry also served in France. The 92nd Punjabis were made 'Prince of Wales's Own' in 1921 for their gallantry and sacrifices during the war During the Second World War the 8th Punjab Regiment again distinguished itself, suffering more than 4500 casualties. It was awarded two Victoria Crosses to Havildar Parkash Singh and Sepoy Kamal Ram, besides numerous other gallantry awards. The regiment raised a further nine battalions. Two of its battalions, the 1st and 7th, were captured on Singapore Island, when the British Commonwealth Army surrendered there to the Japanese on 15 February 1942. Four battalions fought in the Burma Campaign, while others saw service in Iraq, Iran, Italy, French Indochina and the Dutch East Indies. Two men from the 8th Punjab Regiment received the Victoria Cross: Havildar Parkash Singh in Burma and Sepoy Kamal Ram in Italy. By the end of the war, the Regiment consisted of 14 Battalions.
8th Scottish Volunteer Battalion Helmet Plate the Kings Liverpool Regiment, The pre-war territorial Battalions of The King's Liverpool Regiment will also show that the social class within the city was still divided. The King'sLiverpool had six territorial battalions within the city, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th. The 6th catered for the middle class, 5th, 7th and 9th for the respectable working class, while 8th ( Irish ) and 10th ( Scottish ) recruited men with links to the respected country. the King's Liverpool territorial regiments fought alongside one another many times in France and Belgium in WW1. The battalion was formed on 30th April 1900 when due to the Boer War, it became clear there was a need for men to volunteer their service. It was raised from the higher educated and professional young Scotsmen of city of Liverpool and named the 8th (Scottish) Volunteer Battalion, The King's (Liverpool Regiment). To join you paid an annual subscription of 10 shillings, and an entrance fee of £2. The first Commanding Officer was Colonel C. Forbes Bell.
A Scarce WW2 German Sports Badge Badge of the sports and gymnastics club Kieler Männerturnvereins von 1844. Woven cloth shield in Blue Red and Gold. An offshoot of this club formed the Kiel Football club the Kieler Sportvereinigung Holstein von 1900 e.V, just after WW1, and they continued to play successfully right until the end of WW2. This badge came as a WW2 souvenir from a British Serviceman of WW2, who fought in Germany until 1945, and then transferred to the Military Police to continue to serve during the occupation till 1947. He was stationed in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It was worn in conjunction with the Nazi Sports badge, which is also for sale in our gallery
A 'Claw and Feather' Bronze Page Turner Absolutely perfect for those of an ornithological bent, or a poultry fancier. In colour patinated bronze, possibly Austrian. Circa 1900. 9.5 inches long
A 'Wild West' Sharps of Philadelphia 4 Barrel Derringer These guns were made from about 1860 to 1872 in Philadelphia and this specimen is in remarkable condition for being made around 1868. This is a nice example of a Sharps Pepperbox in caliber .30 Rimfire still showing a good amount of original finish. This Derringer has a brass frame, blued and fluted 3" barrels, and wooden grips with a squared frame juncture. Serial number on the bottomstrap is in the 19,000 range. The right side of the frame is marked in a circular pattern "C.SHARPS & CO. PHILADA. PA." while the left side is marked "C SHARPS PATENT 1859". This was a fascinating design that incorporated a rotating firing pin that turned 90 degrees over to the next barrel each time the hammer was cocked. The firing pin rotates on a small cylinder at the face of the hammer. A hand pushes a series of cams on the back of the cylinder to turn the pin...much the same way a revolver cylinder is turned by a similar mechanism.The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 12th Century, King Henry Ist and IInd War Axe, With Socket Mount. In the Norman through to the Plantagenet eras, War Axes were often the weapon of choice of Kings of England in battle. Used from the time of Henry Ist of England, King of England from [1100 to 1135]. King Stephen and Queen Matilda, in the age of Anarchy, and through to King Henry IInd [5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189]. Henry 1st was the fourth son of William the Conqueror. Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials that ran Henry's system were "new men" of obscure backgrounds rather than from families of high status, who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy. The early years of Stephen's reign were largely successful, despite a series of attacks on his possessions in England and Normandy by David I of Scotland, Welsh rebels, and the Empress Matilda's husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. In 1138 the Empress's half-brother Robert of Gloucester rebelled against Stephen, threatening civil war. Together with his close advisor, Waleran de Beaumont, Stephen took firm steps to defend his rule, including arresting a powerful family of bishops. When the Empress and Robert invaded in 1139, however, Stephen was unable to crush the revolt rapidly, and it took hold in the south-west of England. Captured at the battle of Lincoln in 1141, Stephen was abandoned by many of his followers and lost control of Normandy. Stephen was freed only after his wife and William of Ypres, one of his military commanders, captured Robert at the Rout of Winchester, but the war dragged on for many years with neither side able to win an advantage. Henry Iind was an energetic and sometimes ruthless ruler, driven by a desire to restore the lands and privileges of his royal grandfather, Henry I. During the early years of the younger Henry's reign he restored the royal administration in England, re-established hegemony over Wales and gained full control over his lands in Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Henry's desire to reform the relationship with the Church led to conflict with his former friend Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury. This controversy lasted for much of the 1160s and resulted in Becket's murder in 1170. Henry soon came into conflict with Louis VII and the two rulers fought what has been termed a "cold war" over several decades. Henry expanded his empire, often at Louis' expense, taking Brittany and pushing east into central France and south into Toulouse; despite numerous peace conferences and treaties no lasting agreement was reached. By 1172, he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France, an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire. 5.5 inches blade edge
A 12th to 15th Century Medieval Bearded Side Axe An iron long bearded axe with an off set blade. A good axe suitable for combat and craft. Since the days of the Roman Legionaries, soldiers were both warriors and builders. The Romans trained their soldiers not only for combat, but for engineering and fort building, for the times of combat may be few, but the times of construction were many. Forts, roads, defenses, siege engines and drain construction were all part of a Legionary's skills, and although the armies of ancient Rome died centuries before, the lessons for future warriors lived on. A medieval foot soldier would be simply armed, with a weapon that may have had many functions, and the axe was the most effective of them all. This side axe would have been incredibly effective in the hands of a trained exponant of the battle axe, but, it would have been just as effective for aiding the construction of forts, battlements, boats or engines of war. Affixed to a later haft. 13cm blade 13cm wide.
A 13th Century European Axe of Unusual Beard Form Used from circa the late 13th century to 14th century. Derived from the original Viking bearded axe form. Used at the time and era of the first War of Scottish Independence under Sir William Wallace against King Edward Ist [also known as Edward Longshanks] and during the period of the later battles with Robert The Bruce, and continually on during the Crusades era. This axe was most likely most effective [if or when used in battle] for foot use, but it could easily have been just as useful as a horsemounted small axe. It's design has a very unusual bottom section, with a curve. This is either a break, that was reformed, or it was designed as such, but we can't really decide which. The story of axes in warfare; An axe was famously used by the Scottish King Robert Bruce. The axe that he brought down onto the head of Sir Henry de Bohun, at Bannonckburn in 1313, cleaving it clean in two.If designed as such it is a scarce example, and there are no exactly similar examples [that we know of] in the London Museum Catalogue of 1940. There were several forms of axes that were favoured in combat in that era. The foot soldier's axe could be tall and substantial yet ideally not too heavy as to be unweildy, and yet highly effective for bringing down a knight on horseback. A belt axe like this example, smaller and for close quarter action or throwing. The horse-mounted axe was also smaller like this, with a shorter haft, yet must still have the power and cutting abilities to cleave through a Knights Great Helm or chain mail alike. That is the form that this axe takes. Some horse-mounted axes might also had a rear mounted spike, but the single blade was likely most effective, as the rotating action required for the knight to change his hand held position from spike to blade might leave one exposed for a vital second or two. This axe form was also used well into the Crusades era and is depicted in many early illuminated manuscripts of the time, showing them in use in many forms, in the great battles and seiges of the Holy Land by the Crusader Knights. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity [long before the Industrial Revolution] and extremely costly to make. A soldier's axe, in time of peace, would, and did, make an eminently suitable woodworking axe, thus making the axe a unique and most valuable universally useful item during pre, and later Medeavil, Europe. Of course many soldiers were simply peasants outside of war time, and their return the land, or to manual craftwork meant their axe of war, became an axe of toil. Appox 0.5 kilo
A 13th Century Iron Head Battle Mace Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed. Fitted on a late wooden haft, approx. 2.5 inch head.
A 13th Century, Knight's Iron Battle Mace Head Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant that his lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.
A 13th to14th Century Short Bearded Axe. Mounted As A Horseman's axe In excavated condition but very sound indeed, with a proud 'hammer' rear section, ideal for helmet breaking, or for an aid to wood splitting. The beauty of such axes is their incredible flexibility for use, either in combat, or, as a utility axe. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. An axe that could be most effectively used for splitting and smashing mail and armour while on horseback. This axe was made and used in the Crusades period, during the time and area of influence of the Teutonic Order. The Livonian Teutonic Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod. Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle axe if and when used for that purpose. In the gallery there is an early, original illustration, from an early manuscript. It shows a Saxon coerl, [or churl] a non-servile peasant or common person, who is in combat against a warrior in mail armour, with his axe. This is a perfect example of illustrating how a weapon of this form, can, in one instance, be deemed an implement of battle and combat, then, in the next, to return to it's function as tool of toil [once the coerl returns to his labours, should he survive the battle of course]. This is why the axe is such wonderful implement of history, simply due to it's flexibility of use. During it's entire working life it has a useful function for every single occurrence that it's use is needed, albeit in peace or war. Handled and carried, either by a peasant warrior, horseman, knight, or freeman. And if lost on a battlefield, when recovered centuries later, it is still, in it's most part, complete, due to it's robust and powerful nature of construction. So often, when a sword or dagger of the same early era is recovered, there is so little left it may be barely a shadow of it's former self.
A 15th Century German Dagger With single edge and armour piercing reinforced tip. A rare piece from the period of the Battle of Agincourt. In battlefield recovery condition.
A 15th Century Style Broadsword, Crest of The Holy Roman Emperor Possibly Francis 1st period, and we believe, a historismus sword of the armoured guard, somewhat akin to the swords of the Trebanten Guard of the Prince Electors of Saxony. His titles were; Francis I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Lorraine, Bar, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Calabria, in Silesia of Teschen, Prince of Charleville, Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson and Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zütphen, Saarwerden, Salm, Falkenstein. The sword blade also bears it's number 38, so logic dictates there were possibly at least 37 similar to it. It bears the crowned double headed eagle crest of the Holy Roman Empire [and Austrian Empire] and traces of motto that appears to be Pour Emperor et Roy but barely enough remains to be sure. The Holy Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. From an autocracy in Carolingian times the title evolved into an elected monarchy chosen by the Prince-electors. Until the Reformation the Emperor elect (imperator electus) was required to be crowned by the Pope before assuming the imperial title. The title was held in conjunction with the rule of the Kingdom of Germany and the Kingdom of Italy (Imperial Northern Italy). In theory, the Holy Roman Emperor was primus inter pares (first among equals) among the other Roman Catholic monarchs; in practice, a Holy Roman Emperor was only as strong as his army and alliances made him. Various royal houses of Europe, at different times, effectively became hereditary holders of the title, in particular in later times the Hapsburgs. After the Reformation many of the subject states and most of those in Germany were Protestant while the Emperor continued to be Catholic. The title was abolished by the last Emperor (who became simply the Emperor of Austria) as a result of the collapse of the polity during the Napoleonic wars.
A 1740 Record of Parliamentary Debates, Printed in 1742 Volume XX for 1740-1. In very good condition for age. Ideal for the political history collector. Some most fascinating and intriguing reading. It was from such reading that Samuel Johnson’s Debates in Parliament “formed his first major literary project, although Johnson obviously did not undertake that task, which ran from November 1740 to February 1743, with a final collection in mind” Coverage of Parliament regularly appeared in such journals as the Gentleman’s Magazine; however, in 1738 the government moved to suppress such articles. Edward Cave, publisher of the Gentleman’s Magazine, “came up with a bold plan to satisfy [the reading public’s] curiosity. Inventing a fifth voyage of Gulliver’s Travels, for Captain Gulliver’s grandson, Cave published monthly accounts of the proceedings, transparently disguised as ‘debates in the senate of Lilliput.’ He used obvious distortions of the politicians’ names: ‘Walelop’ for Walpole, ‘Ptit’ for William Pitt. In 1741, the year before Walpole fell from power, Johnson took over the job of reporting… During the next three years, while still living from hand to mouth, he secretly wrote 54 monthly installments, totaling nearly half a million words… To reduce the risk of arrest, no debates were published while Parliament was in session. Johnson almost never attended Parliament in person, and created rather than reported the speeches… It was an amazing literary tour de force… He portrayed the speakers with impressive skill while managing to express his own ideas on liberty, morality and the virtues and limitations of representative government”. “Johnson even heard [the speeches] he had written compared to the classical orators Demosthenes and Cicero by those who did not realize that they were his”
A 1745 50th 'Shirleys' Regt. Of Foot Long Land Brown Bess Bayonet A fabulous early pattern Brown Bess bayonet in stunning condition. A bayonet for a regiment with extraordinary history, ranging from combat against the French and their American Indian allies in the Americas, including, much of the regiment's heinous massacre by the Native American Indian allies of General Montcalm, after the capture of Fort William Henry in 1757, to their service against Napoleons forces. The regiment later gained battle honours, which received for their heroic and distinguished service in the Napoleonic Wars, in the Peninsular Campaign from 1807 to 14. All while the men were armed with their glorious 'Brown Bess' Muskets, accompanied with their trusty and effective socket bayonets. These original earliest 1st pattern Brown Bess socket bayonets are now as rare as hen's teeth, in many respects rarer than the guns themselves. The 1st pattern Bess is a rare and beautiful gun that can now command 5 figure sums to acquire. This is a superb example and bears regimental markings No. 50 engraved on the socket. The company and rack number were usually further up on socket of these early bayonets, if at all and this bears no other engravings thereon, but, it does have a clear blade stamp, the letter 'P' the same stamp as we had a few years ago on the same pattern of bayonet that we owned that was recovered from the Culloden battle site generations ago. The original first pattern Brown Bess socket bayonet 1727-1741. With early pattern shield form blade attachment at the socket. This is the pattern of Bess and bayonet used in the Seven Years War and in the Revolutionary War in America. The 50th, or Shirley's Regiment of Foot was a British army infantry regiment raised in 1754 in North America during the French and Indian War. Named after Col. William Shirley, Gov. of Massachusetts, 1741-49, 1751-53. Two regiments were raised in New England with funds supplied by the British Crown, entering the army list as the 50th (Shirley's) and 51st (Pepperrell's) Regiments of Foot. Both regiments took part in the disastrous British campaign of 1755/56. Overwintering near Lake Ontario, the force occupied three forts, Oswego, Ontario and George, collectively known as Fort Pepperrell. Surrounded and besieged by a French force under Montcalm, both regiments surrendered after the local commander was killed. A fair number of the prisoners were massacred by the Indian allies of the French before they reached Montreal. Then subject to merging with the 51st, the regiment was disbanded then reformed as the re-numbered 50th Foot. Later the regiment was raiding the French coast in 1757 and then fighting in Germany in 1760, where it saw action at the Battle of Warburg, the Battle of Vellingshausen, and the Battle of Wilhelmsthal. The regiment was posted to Jamaica in 1772, and then to New York in 1776. At this point, troops were transferred to other regiments and the officers returned to England to raise a new force. In 1778, they saw action serving on various ships of the Royal Navy as marines, including at the First Battle of Ushant. In 1782, they changed their name to the 50th (West Kent) Regiment of Foot. During the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment saw action in Egypt, in Denmark, and in the Peninsular War, including the Battle of Corunna. A second battalion was raised, serving from 1804 to 1814; it saw action at Walcheren, as did the first battalion. After a battle in the Peninsular War, the regiment was nicknamed the Dirty Half-Hundred; the regiment had worn uniforms with black facings, and when they wiped sweat away with their cuffs the dye stained their faces Many variations and modifications of the standard pattern musket were created over its long history. The earliest version was the Long Land Pattern of 1722, a 62-inch (160 cm) long (without bayonet) and with a 46-inch (120 cm) barrel. It was later found that shortening the barrel did not detract from accuracy but made handling easier, giving rise to the Militia (or Marine) Pattern of 1756 and the Short Land Pattern of 1768, which both had a 42-inch (110 cm) barrel. Another version with a 39-inch (99 cm) barrel was first manufactured for the British East India Company, and was eventually adopted by the British Army in 1790 as the India Pattern. 21.5 inches long, blade 17 inches, socket 4.25 inches. 50th Foot and the Battle of Fort William Henry A picture in the gallery of French commander Montcalm trying to stop Native Americans from attacking British soldiers and civilians as they leave Fort William Henry. In 1757 Montcalm achieved his greatest military success to date with the taking of Fort William Henry in New York. Vaudreuil drew up plans for Montcalm that ordered him to march south and take the English bases south of Lake Champlain, Fort William Henry and Fort Edward a few miles further south. From Fort Carillon, Montcalm and a force of 6200 regulars and milita, along with 1800 natives set upon Fort William Henry on August 3, 1757. The fort was sieged for three days before surrender. Under the terms of the surrender, the garrison was to be escorted by the back to Fort Edward, where they would be barred from serving against the French for 18 months, and all English prisoners were to be returned to the French, who also kept all the stores and ammunition. However, as the garrison left Fort William Henry, they were attacked by natives, and nearly 200 of the 2000 prisoners were either taken or killed, breaching the terms of surrender.
A 1756 Pattern Tower Of London, British Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol This is a truly superb example, with signs of combat use naturally, but in singularly good order with an exceptional patina, that can only accumulate through the passing centuries. This is a most rare version, of a very scarcely seen pistol, as this particular flintlock has the early land pattern type furniture, such as the elongated sideplate with ear extention, only usually seen on the old British heavy dragoon pistol that preceeeded it. This may well have been one of the earliest pistols used in the Americas, during the American Revolution period. Various surviving examples of American domestic dragoon pistols, such as in the Smithsonian [and similar elite collections] have such similar pattern furniture. The story of how the pistol pattern came about, and thus acquired it's name, is as follows; George Augustus Eliott was a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon. Available in .62 cal. Smoothbore Fitted with brass furniture throughout it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones having a straighter lined lock and a ring neck cock. It was however, slowly fazed out after the Napoleonic Wars as the introduction of the New Land Pattern [with it's captive ramrod system] took hold. This pistol was a frontline issue arm that would have seen incredible service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper, over very likely four decades or more. This pistol requires attention to the ramrod and pipe which we are attending to.
A 1767 to the Revolutionary War Period, French Grenadier of Infantry Sword With brass hilt and steel blade. The hilt has a loss of quillon and half langet. A scarce sword from a most turbulent era of French history. Used from the era of France's alliance to America in the Revolutionary War of 1777, right through the French Revolution 1792. There are several such swords in Smithsonian in America. French participation in North America was initially maritime in nature and marked by some indecision on the part of its military leaders. In 1778 American and French planners organized an attempt to capture Newport, Rhode Island, then under British occupation. The attempt failed, in part because Admiral d'Estaing did not land French troops prior to sailing out of Narragansett Bay to meet the British fleet, and then sailed for Boston after his fleet was damaged in a storm. In 1779, d'Estaing again led his fleet to North America for joint operations, this time against British-held Savannah, Georgia. About 3,000 French joined with 2,000 Americans in the Siege of Savannah, in which a naval bombardment was unsuccessful, and then an attempted assault of the entrenched British position was repulsed with heavy losses. Support became more notable when in 1780; 6,000 soldiers led by Rochambeau were landed at Newport, abandoned in 1779 by the British, and they established a naval base there. Rochambeau and Washington met at Wethersfield, Connecticut in May 1781 to discuss their options. Washington wanted to drive the British from New York City, and the British force in Virginia, led first by turncoat Benedict Arnold, then by Brigadier William Phillips, and eventually by Charles Cornwallis, was also seen as a potent threat that could be fought with naval assistance. These two options were dispatched to the Caribbean along with the requested pilots; Rochambeau, in a separate letter, urged de Grasse to come to the Chesapeake Bay for operations in Virginia. Following the Wethersfield conference, Rochambeau moved his army to White Plains, New York and placed his command under Washington. De Grasse received these letters in July, at roughly the same time Cornwallis was preparing to occupy Yorktown, Virginia. De Grasse concurred with Rochambeau, and sent back a dispatch indicating that he would reach the Chesapeake at the end of August, but that agreements with the Spanish meant he could only stay until mid-October. The arrival of his dispatches prompted the Franco-American army to begin a march for Virginia. De Grasse reached the Chesapeake as planned, and disembarked troops to assist Lafayette's army in the blockade of Cornwallis. The arrival of a British fleet sent to dispute de Grasse's control of the Chesapeake was defeated on September 5 at the Battle of the Chesapeake, and the Newport fleet delivered the French siege train to complete the allied military arrival. The Siege of Yorktown and following surrender by Cornwallis on October 19 were decisive in ending major hostilities in North America.Starting with the Siege of Yorktown, Benjamin Franklin never informed France of the secret negotiations that took place directly between Britain and the United States. Britain relinquished her rule over the Thirteen Colonies and granted them all the land south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River. However, since France was not included in the American-British peace discussions, the alliance between France and the colonies was broken. Thus the influence of France and Spain in future negotiations was limited. Last photo in the gallery is of the depiction of the Second Battle of the Virginia Capes (Battle of the Chesapeake).
A 1770's Brass Hilted Boy's or Midshipman's Sword An interesting boy's or midshipman's sword from the period of the American revolutionary war. Cast brass rococo hilt, with shell guard and knuckle bow. Overall length 36 inches. Good condition. There is a picture in the gallery by Thomas Rowlandson of a similar sword worn by a young boy officer [midshipman] of the Royal Navy in the 18th century. In the 18th century there were no regualtions for sword patterns, so a sword such as this would have been perfect and worn by a young junior naval officer. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed. By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission. By 1794, all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The everage age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of.
A 1796 British Flank Company Officer's Sabre. With Copper Gilt Hilt A most attractive sword based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sbare but slightly shorter for the benefit of an officer that fought on foot. The hilt is beautifully engraved with Union flag shield nd stands of arms, the lion's head pommel and wire bound fishskin grip. The blade has fine engraving with royal cyphers and crest of the king. There is a lot of dark blue remaining and gilt within the engraving. Old repair to the knucklebow.
A 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officers Boat Shaped Hilt Broadsword A very good example of these most desirable of Georgian Swords used by an Officer in the Heavy Cavalry [dress]. Traditional 'Boat Shaped hilt' in very good order, multi wire bound grip, double edge broadsword blade, copper gilt mounted leather scabbard. The form of officer's sword used by the Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords used by the Union Brgade at Waterloo, have examples of their swords in the Royal Collection, The Tower of London Collection, the British Army Museum, and most of the finest British sword collections in the world.
A 1796 Infantry Officers Combat Sword With Blue and Gilt Blade By Reddell and Bate Birmingham. In untouched condition for likely 200 years. With obvious signs of combat use and wear but a good honest example of an original Peninsular War and Waterloo British infantry officer's sword of the Napoleonic Wars. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire led by Emperor Napoleon I against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions. They revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. The wars are traditionally seen as a continuation of the Revolutionary Wars, which broke out in 1792 during the French Revolution. Initially, French power rose quickly as the armies of Napoleon conquered much of Europe. In his military career, Napoleon fought about 60 battles and lost seven, mostly at the end. The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. Napoleon was defeated in 1814, and then once more in 1815 at Waterloo after a brief return to power. The Allies then reversed all French gains since the Revolutionary Wars at the Congress of Vienna. Before a final victory against Napoleon, five of seven coalitions saw defeat at the hands of France. France defeated the first and second coalitions during the French Revolutionary Wars, the third (notably at Austerlitz), the fourth (notably at Jena, Eylau, and Friedland) and the fifth coalition (notably at Wagram) under the leadership of Napoleon. These great victories gave the French Army a sense of invulnerability, especially when it approached Moscow. But after the retreat from Russia, in spite of incomplete victories, France was defeated by the sixth coalition at Leipzig, in the Peninsular War at Vitoria and at the hands of the seventh coalition at Waterloo. The wars resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and sowed the seeds of nationalism that would lead to the consolidations of Germany and Italy later in the century. Meanwhile, the global Spanish Empire began to unravel as French occupation of Spain weakened Spain's hold over its colonies, providing an opening for nationalist revolutions in Spanish America. As a direct result of the Napoleonic wars, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Britannica. No consensus exists about when the French Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic Wars began. An early candidate is 9 November 1799, the date of Bonaparte's coup seizing power in France. However, the most common date is 18 May 1803, when renewed war broke out between Britain and France, ending the one-year-old Peace of Amiens, the only period of general peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814. Most actual fighting ceased following Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815, although skirmishing continued as late as 3 July 1815 at the Battle of Issy. The Second Treaty of Paris officially ended the wars on 20 November 1815.
A 1796 Volunteer Light Dragoon Sword With brass P hilt, ribbed wooden grip and typical deeply swept curved blade. Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in 1794 and 1795, in response to an invasion scare. At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry. These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around 1800; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently. However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.
A 17th Century English Transitional Walloon Sword Likely of An Admiral. A near pair to a sword carried by Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs and possibly by the same maker. In very nice overall condition with a signed double edged armourer's marked blade by Hn.Vincent. Cast bronze hilt beautifully relief decorated with cornucopia and seated figures bearing baskets of fruit. A most beautiful sword made in the mid 17th century during the reign of King Charles and used continuously through the interregnum, the restoration and into the era up to Queen Anne. We show a portrait of Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs holding a near pair to this sword. The form of sword that was carried and used by admirals and senior naval officers for almost 100 years. This sword should be categorised as the transitional Walloon type. The Walloon gained most of it's popularity during the English Civil War era and with the addition of pas d'ane to the guard they transitioned to the next generation of officer's swords called small swords. Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs (1625–1666), English naval officer and pirate, came of a Norfolk family and was a relative of another admiral, Sir Cloudesley Shovell. Samuel Pepys' story of his humble birth, in explanation of his popularity, is said to be erroneous. His name is often given as Mings. In 1655, he was appointed to the frigate Marston Moor, the crew of which was on the verge of mutiny. His firm measures quelled the insubordinate spirit, and he took the vessel out to the West Indies, arriving in January 1656 on Jamaica where he became the sub commander of the naval flotilla on the Jamaica Station, until the summer of 1657. In February 1658, he returned to Jamaica as naval commander, acting as a commerce raider during the Anglo-Spanish War. During these actions he got a reputation for unnecessary cruelty, sacking and massacring entire towns in command of whole fleets of buccaneers. In 1658, after beating off a Spanish attack, he raided the coast of South-America; failing to capture a Spanish treasure fleet, he destroyed Tolú and Santa Maria in present-day Colombia instead; in 1659 he plundered Cumaná, Puerto Cabello and Coro in present-day Venezuela. The Spanish government considered him a common pirate and mass murderer, protesting to no avail to the English government of Oliver Cromwell about his conduct. Because he had shared half of the bounty of his 1659 raid, about a quarter of a million pounds, with the buccaneers against the explicit orders of Edward D'Oyley, the English Commander of Jamaica, he was arrested for embezzlement and sent back to England in the Marston Moor in 1660. The Restoration government retained him in his command however, and in August 1662 he was sent to Jamaica commanding the Centurion in order to resume his activities as commander of the Jamaica Station, despite the fact the war with Spain had ended. This was part of a covert English policy to undermine the Spanish dominion of the area, by destroying as much as possible of the infrastructure. In 1662 Myngs decided that the best way to accomplish this was to employ the full potential of the buccaneers by promising them the opportunity for unbridled plunder and rapine. He had the complete support of the new governor, Lord Windsor, who fired a large contingent of soldiers to fill Myngs's ranks with disgruntled men. That year he attacked Santiago de Cuba and took and sacked the town despite its strong defences. In 1663 buccaneers from all over the Caribbean joined him for the announced next expedition. Myngs directed the largest buccaneer fleet as yet assembled, fourteen ships strong and with 1400 pirates aboard, among them such notorious privateers as Henry Morgan and Abraham Blauvelt, and sacked San Francisco de Campeche in February. Wooden grip with Turk's head ferrules 28.5 inch blade.
A 17th Century King Charles Iind Period Flintlock By F. Phillips Of London Almost certainly by Francis Phillips of who was free of the Gunmakers Co. then master. A most beautiful rare pistol, with brass furniture, including a grotesque mask long spurred buttcap, baluster barrel form ramrod pipes, a serpentine sideplate and a trigger guard with a fleur de lys end. The lock is of typical 17th century 'banana' form, with strawberry leaf engraving, and the makers name, F. Phillips. Ivory tipped ramrod a likely replacement. This is the form of pistol used in the era of the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691. William defeated Jacobitism in Ireland and subsequent Jacobite risings were confined to Scotland and England. However, the War was to have a lasting effect on Ireland, confirming British and Protestant rule over the country for over a century. A picture in the gallery by Benjamin West shows the King at the Battle of the Boyne with his similar pistol in his saddle holster. Stock with some minor period repairs at the forend. 17 inches long overall. Shown with an example ram rod, there is none present with the pistol
A 17th century Style Spanish Cup-Hilt Duelling Rapier Slender thrusting blade with an offset single fuller on each side. Embossed steel cup with acanthus leaf scrolling and left and right hand gadrooning, rolled scroll edging. Long spiral writhen quillons. Wire twist grip with elaborate wire binding. Compressed, cut, cushion shaped pommel. Blade 32 inches long. 10 inches hilt width at the quillons. Made in the 19th century. Removed knuckle bow in it's working life. A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two individuals, with matched weapons in accordance with agreed-upon rules. Duels in this form were chiefly practiced in early modern Europe, with precedents in the medieval code of chivalry, and continued into the modern period (19th to early 20th centuries) especially among military officers. During the 17th and 18th centuries (and earlier), duels were mostly fought with swords (the rapier, later the smallsword), but beginning in the late 18th century in England, duels were more commonly fought using pistols; fencing and pistol duels continued to co-exist throughout the 19th century. The duel was based on a code of honour. Duels were fought not so much to kill the opponent as to gain "satisfaction", that is, to restore one's honour by demonstrating a willingness to risk one's life for it, and as such the tradition of duelling was originally reserved for the male members of nobility; however, in the modern era it extended to those of the upper classes generally. On rare occasions, duels with pistols or swords were fought between women; these were sometimes known as petticoat duels. Legislation against duelling goes back to the medieval period. The Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215) outlawed duels,mnand civil legislation in the Holy Roman Empire against duelling was passed in the wake of the Thirty Years' War. From the early 17th century, duels became illegal in the countries where they were practiced. Dueling largely fell out of favor in England by the mid-19th century and in Continental Europe by the turn of the 20th century. Dueling declined in the Eastern United States in the 19th century and by the time the American Civil War broke out, dueling had begun an irreversible decline, even in the South. Public opinion, not legislation, caused the change
A 17th Lancers Officers Heavy Cavalry Sword of WW1 Fully deluxe engraved basket guard of the 1912 pattern. Apparently it was re-bladed during the reign of King George Vith at the Army Supply Stores. Typical steel scabbard, regimentally stamped for the 17th Lancers at the throat. The 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was one of the great and famous cavalry regiments of the British Army. A cavalry regiment, notable for its participation in the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War. It's first name of the 17th came about in 1761. In 1766 the regiment was renumbered again, this time as the 3rd Regiment of Light Dragoons. In 1764 the regiment went to Ireland, where it was based for many years. In 1769 it regained the 17th numeral as the 17th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons. The 17th was sent to North America in 1775, arriving in Boston, then besieged by American rebels in their War of Independence. The 17th fought in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a costly British victory. The 17th was withdrawn to Halifax. In 1776, the 17th fought in the Long Island campaign. Later, in 1780, the regiment provided a detachment for operations in the southern colonies as part of Tarleton's Legion, a mixture of infantry and cavalry, and was engaged in a a number of battles. The legion, commanded by Banastre Tarleton, was founded in 1778 by Loyalist contingents from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. As the attached regular cavalry, the 17th clung on to an identity separate from the provincials, even refusing to exchange their fading scarlet clothing for the legion's green jackets. They sustained heavy losses in the Battle of Cowpens in January 1781 after being ordered by Tarleton to charge a formation of American militia. Though their charge was initially effective, the dragoons, numbering about 50, were quickly surprised and outnumbered by concealed American cavalry, under Colonel William Washington, and driven back in disarray. The American War of Independence officially ended in 1783. An officer of the regiment, Captain Stapleton, had the distinction of delivering to George Washington the despatch confirming the declaration of the cessation of hostilities. The 17th returned to Britain, where it remained until 1795, when it sailed for the West Indies to reinforce depleted forces battling the French. Two troops were used to suppress an uprising by "Maroons" in Jamaica soon after arriving in the Caribbean.Other detachments were embarked aboard HMS Success as "supernumeraries". Their experience at sea has been suggested by regimental historians to have gained the regiment the nickname "Horse Marines". Officially renamed as Lancers in 1822. The 17th was part of the Light Brigade, under the command of Major-General Lord Cardigan, which landed with the British forces at a place known as Calamity Bay for the Crimean War. It took part in a minor skirmish at the Bulganek River and subsequently took part in the Battle of Alma on 20 September. During the Siege of Sevastopol (which began in September) the 17th Lancers took part in the Battle of Balaklava on 25 October. During the battle the regiment took part in a cavalry charge that became known as the Charge of the Light Brigade, which spawned much controversy and indeed a poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The Russians captured redoubts on the Causeway Heights, which held some British artillery. The army commander, Lord Raglan, issued an order for the Light Brigade to attack there before the guns could be taken away by the Russians. The order was sent via Captain Nolan to Lord Lucan, commander of the Cavalry Division. It is believed, however, that Nolan misinterpreted the order as an order to attack Russian artillery in the valley between the Fediukhine Heights and the Causeway Heights. It has been speculated that Captain Nolan, an authority on cavalry tactics, actually directed Lucan toward the wrong guns in order to test his tactical theories, although this view has not found wide currency. Lord Cardigan then ordered his Light Brigade to began the advance at a trot, with the 17th and 13th Light Dragoons leading the Brigade, heading into a maelstrom of Russian artillery, infantry and cavalry. The Light Brigade advanced to their objective and came under heavy artillery fire from all sides, which inflicted heavy casualties. The Brigade upon nearing the enemy then went into a full charge. The 17th Lancers, commanded by Captain William Morris, drove through the Russian artillery before smashing straight into the Russian cavalry and pushing them back. The Light Brigade were unable to consolidate their position, however, having insufficient forces (the Heavy Brigade had not advanced further into the valley) and had to withdraw to their starting positions, coming under artillery and musket fire and cavalry attack as they did so.The 17th was sent to Natal Colony for the Zulu War. On 4 July 1879, the 17th fought at the Battle of Ulundi under Sir Drury Curzon Drury-Lowe. The 17th was posted inside a large British infantry square during the attack by the Zulu Army, which had surrounded the British. When the attack appeared to be wavering, the 17th Lancers were ordered to advance. Their charge routed the warriors with heavy loss. The battle proved to be decisive. The 17th returned to India the same year, remaining there until about 1890 when they returned home.In 1900 the 17th returned to Southern Africa for the Second Boer War. They missed the large pitched battles, but would still see substantial action during the war. In 1900, Sergeant Brian Lawrence won the regiment's fifth and final VC at Essenbosch Farm. The 17th's most significant action was at the Battle of Elands River (Modderfontein) in September 1901. C Squadron of the 17th was attacked by Boers under Jan Smuts whom they mistook for British troops.The Boers took advantage of a mist to encircle the British camp. When Smuts' vanguard ran head on into a Lancer patrol, the British hesitated to fire because many of the Boers wore captured British uniforms. The Boers immediately opened fire and attacked in front while Smuts led the remainder of his force to attack the British camp from the rear. The British party suffered further casualties at a closed gate that slowed them down. All six British officers sustained wounds and four were killed. Only Captain Sandeman, the commanding officer, and Lieutenant Lord Vivian survived. The 17th Lancers had suffered 29 killed and 41 wounded before surrendering, while Boer losses were one killed and six wounded. The 17th returned home in 1902 with the conclusion of the war. The regiment left for India in 1905, where it remained until the First World War. At the beginning of the First World War, the 17th Lancers formed part of the Sialkot Cavalry Brigade of the 1st Indian Cavalry Division. The regiment landed in France in November 1914. In the static warfare of the Western Front, the 17th was often restricted to infantry roles, such as the occupation of trenches. The 17th was finally used in its conventional cavalry role in 1917, at the Battle of Cambrai, which happened to feature the first large-scale use of tanks. In 1918 the 17th was transferred to the 7th Cavalry Brigade, part of the 3rd Cavalry Division. That year they got another chance to prove their worth as a cavalry regiment during the last-gasp German Spring Offensive. The 17th functioned as mobile infantry during the dissaray, plugging gaps whenever the need arose, both as cavalry and infantry. The 17th also saw service in the British counter-attack, including the Battle of Amiens. After the signing of the Armistice on 11 November 1918, the 17th remained in Europe, joining the British Army of the Rhine in Cologne, Germany. The regiment then served in County Cork, Ireland, where it operated against the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence. In 1921, the 17th had its title altered to the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own). The 17th merged with the 21st Lancers in 1922. It was a cavalry regiment of the British Army from 1922 to 1993. It was formed in 1922 in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) and the 21st Lancers (Empress of India's). From 1930 to 1939 it was deployed overseas; first in Egypt for two years, and then in India for seven. In 1938 the regiment was mechanised. On the outbreak of war, the regiment immediately transferred back to the UK, acting under 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade in the summer of 1940, and then under 26th Armoured Brigade in 6th Armoured Division later in the year. A group of personnel from the regiment were detached in December to form the cadre of the 24th Lancers. In November 1942, the division was deployed to Tunisia after Operation Torch. Now equipped with Valentine Mk III and Crusader Mk III tanks, the regiment saw action for some time, including taking heavy losses defending Thala in the Battle of the Kasserine Pass in February 1943 during which all but twelve tanks were put out of action. After this the regiment was withdrawn, and refitted with M4A2 Sherman tanks. In April, an attempt to take the Fondouk Pass again put most of the regiment out of action. The 6th Armoured Division deployed to Italy in March 1944, and fought to breach the Gustav Line. The regiment advanced to the Gothic Line, and spent the winter there—at points, serving as infantry rather than as an armoured unit, due to the static nature of the trench warfare there. After the final breakthrough in 1945, the regiment ended the war in Austria.
A 1908 Mk 1 British Cavalry Other Ranks Pattern Sword In good bright steel, very nice condition, bright scabbard with twin rings [two screws lacking at throat mount]. Black composition diamond chequered pattern grip. Very good, plain, unmarked blade. Probably made in the last 20 years. Early in WW1, cavalry skirmishes occurred on several fronts, and horse-mounted troops were widely used for reconnaissance. Britain's cavalry were trained to fight both on foot and mounted, but most other European cavalry still relied on the shock tactic of mounted charges. There were isolated instances of successful shock combat on the Western Front, where cavalry divisions also provided important mobile fire-power. Beginning in 1917, cavalry was deployed alongside tanks and aircraft, notably at the Battle of Cambrai, where cavalry was expected to exploit breakthroughs in the lines that the slower tanks could not. At Cambrai, troops from Great Britain, Canada, India and Germany participated in mounted actions. Cavalry was still deployed late in the war, with Allied cavalry troops harassing retreating German forces in 1918 during the Hundred Days Offensive, when horses and tanks continued to be used in the same battles. In comparison to their limited usefulness on the Western Front, "cavalry was literally indispensable" on the Eastern front and in the Middle East. The 1908 pattern is the regular pattern of sword used by British cavalry still, as it was in Canada and Australia.
A 1930's Essex Regt. Silver Officers Cap Badge Essex Regiment Officer’s 1935 silver cap badge. Fine example. Within an oak wreath surmounted by a Sphinx resting on “Egypt” tablet Castle and Key of Gibraltar, across the base a scroll inscribed “The Essex Regt”. The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958, and served in many conflicts such as the Second Boer War and both World War I and World War II, serving with distinction in all three. The regiment was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot and the 56th (West Essex) Regiment of Foot.
A 1930's German P-Hilt Sabre By Eickhorn Although not an official SS sword, before 1936 there was no regulation SS pattern sabre. The German Army & Navy had their own dedicated swords, but there was no equivalent for the elite political SS service. Thus, before 1936, SS officers often chose this all steel and black P-Hilt sabre as it's black and steel configuration was ideal for their service uniform. In fact many officers chose to wear it after 1936 as well, for not all of them were granted the honour of carrying the new design '36 pattern SS/Polizei degan, as it was a regulation sword permitted to be worn by award only by so honoured SS officers. We show a photograph circa 1936 with one officer on the left carrying the 1936 degan, and the two others with the steel and black P-Hilt. Generally it was known as the cavalry sabre due to it's regular cavalry pattern form and used by the German cavalry regiments on horseback. Prior to the standard, official, 1936 pattern Police / SS Degan [sword] being approved by Himmler, SS officers and NCO's were permitted to wear a sword of choice, from the regular patterns available from the standard Heer [army] swords. Due to the early uniform of the SS being black and silver the choice remained limited, generally, to the pattern of military swords available that utilized these colours. The predominant colour normally used, and chosen by the regular Army officers, was brass [or gold] with black. The private purchase swords, generally chosen by those serving in the SS, were this sword or the Prinz Eugen.
A 1935 Lahti Finnish Pistol Holster Winter War With Russia 1939 A good holster from the Luger like pistol used by Finland in the Winter War against Russia. Lahti L-35 is a semi-automatic pistol designed by Aimo Lahti that was produced from 1935 to just after the war. About 9000 pistols were made in four production series. The weapon had a bolt accelerator to improve reliability in cold conditions or when fouled. This kind of system was rare for pistols. It also resembled the German Luger P08 pistol. The Finnish army used the L-35 in the Winter War and the Continuation War, and it was the official Finnish service pistol until the 1980s when it was replaced by the FN HP-DA pistol. (Finnish military designation 9.00 PIST 80 / 9.00 PIST 80-91) Finnish L-35 pistol was also known with nicknames Lahti-pistooli (Lahti-pistol) and Suomi-pistooli (Suomi-pistol) among Finnish military. It was reliable, accurate and sturdy pistol, but also one of the largest and heaviest 9-mm military pistols ever manufactured. Structure of the this strong looking pistol had its week point: Powerful submachinegun-ammunition often used by Finnish troops with these pistols could crack the pistols slide quite easily. As all 9 mm x 19 ammunition manufactured during World War 2 in Finland was hot loaded submachinegun-ammunition using this ammunition also pistols of same calibre unfortunately wasn't exactly unusual during World War 2 and years after it. When the slides of L-35 broke down in larger numbers Finnish military soon found itself needing replacements for them. Because of this many series of replacement slides were manufactured for Finnish military after World War 2. Most of these pistols (all but series 4) have shoulder stock attachment lugs. While the Finns developed and tested wooden shoulder stocks and wooden shoulder stock holsters for these pistols, these were never manufactured in real numbers and the pistols were issued without them.
A 19th Century Mayanmar Kachin Naga Dao Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks (tattoos and others) of a successful headhunt. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. The flat face of the blade is shown in the full length view and in the blade detail photograph; the side of the blade shown in the detail photograph of the handle has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. Serpentine lamination to the blade. Overall length: 61 cm.; blade length:48 cm. One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. Vincent Curl of special forces OSS Detachment 101 during World War II. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in 1875. All for information only.
A 19th Century 'Crimean War' Military Officer's Trunk, Probably Russian A wooden and steel strap banded military trunk from the Crimean war. Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train. The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons.The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach. 13 inches deep x 21.5 inches wide x 11.5 inches high.
A 19th Century 'Russian' Hand Held Adapted Sword Bayonet Probably a socket bayonet for the Imperial Russian 1856 M. Jeager Rifle. Adapted with a turned walnut handle to create a hand held, thrusting sword, ideal for close combat action without it's rifle. Possibly for use in conjunction with a pistol. An ingenious and effective method of creating a hand effective bayonet that without such a fitting would be a redundant weapon without it's rifle to affix to.
A 19th Century Dixon Musket Powder Flask With Embossed Body Copper body with brass adjustable measuring spout. Spring at fault. A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. Circa 1840
A 19th Century Double Barrel Howdah Pistol, Large Calibre Pinfire Cartridge Approx. .575 calibre. Probably Spanish An incredibly impressive large bore pistol, with carved wooden grips. Nice condition overall. Concealed fold-down triggers. The howdah pistol was a large-calibre handgun, often with two or four barrels, used in India and Africa in the mid-to-late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, during the period of British Colonial rule. It was typically intended for defence against tigers, lions, and other dangerous animals that might be encountered in remote areas. Multi-barrelled designs were initially favoured for Howdah pistols because they offered faster reloading than was possible with contemporary revolvers, which had to be loaded and unloaded through a gate in the side of the frame. The term "howdah pistol" comes from the howdah, a large saddle mounted on the back of an elephant. Hunters, especially during the period of the British Raj in India, used howdahs as a platform for hunting wild animals and needed large-calibre side-arms for protection from animal attacks. English firearms makers manufactured specially-designed howdah pistols in both rifle calibres and more conventional handgun calibres such as .455 Webley and .476 Enfield. As a result, the term "howdah pistol" is often applied to a number of English multi-barrelled handguns such as the Lancaster pistol (available in a variety of calibres from .380" to .577"), and various .577 calibre revolvers produced in England and Europe for a brief time in the mid-late 19th century. By all accounts this lofty sanction was far from secure and a range of emergency weapons has been carried in the howdah to be pressed into service in the not-unlikely event (apparently!) of a tiger attempting to leap onto the elephant to attack the hunters. No doubt swords and short jobbing-spears served this purpose well enough in the very early days however large-bore single-barrel or side-by-side double-barrelled pistols had taken over as outright favourites by the mid-1800s. Ranging from percussion dragoon-pistols or side-by-side muzzle-loaders early on, to break-open breech-loading handguns usually built on a rotary or snap-action under-lever design, these specialised heavy side-arms were usually sheathed on or in the howdah within easy reach of the occupant, or holstered on the hunter's person for instant accessibility in the gravest extreme! Even though howdah pistols were designed for emergency defence from dangerous animals in Africa and India, British officers adopted them for personal protection in other far-flung outposts of the British Empire. By the late 19th century, top-break revolvers in more practical calibres (such as .455 Webley) had become widespread, removing much of the traditional market for howdah pistols. No licence required antique collectors item only, not for sale to under 18's. With traces of small area of old pitting to just one side of the barrel
A 19th Century English Boxlock Pistol By Smith of London Circa 1830. Boxlock pistols were pocket pistols popular in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms which have the hammer located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the hammer located directly on top of the pistol. They were called a boxlocks because all of the working mechanisms for the hammer and the trigger was located in a “box” or receiver directly below the top mounted hammer. While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols. The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Unlike modern firearms, these pistols were not mass produced, but were hand made in gunsmith's workshops.
A 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask A most charming 19th century late George Ivthpowder flask for a hunting fowling piece or musket. Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for decoration only.
A 19th Century Indo Persian Saif [Shamshir] Traces of silver inlay to the steel hilt and a finely made sword of around 200 years old. The name is thought to be derived from the Persian word shamsher which literally means “paw claw,” due to its long, curved design. The word has been translated through many languages to end at scimitar. In the Early Middle Ages, the Turkic people of Central Asia came into contact with Middle Eastern civilizations through their shared Islamic faith. Turkic Ghilman slave-soldiers serving under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates introduced "kilij" type sabers to all of the other Middle Eastern cultures. Previously, Arabs and Persians used straight-bladed swords such as the Indo-Persian khanda and earlier types of the Arab saif, takoba and kaskara. During Islamization of the Turks, the kilij became more and more popular in the ?slamic armies. When the Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Western Asia, kilij became the dominant sword form. The Iranian shamshir was created during the Turkic Seljuk Empire period of Iran. The term saif in Arabic can refer to any Middle Eastern (or North African, South Asian) curved sword. The Arabic word is ultimately derived from the ancient Greek xiphos, but it is not necessarily a direct loan from the Greek, it may have entered Arabic from another source, as both saif and xiphos go back to an old (Bronze Age) Wanderwort of the eastern Mediterranean, of unknown ultimate origin. Richard F. Burton derives both words from the Egyptian sfet. The English term scimitar is attested from the mid-16th century, derives from either the Middle French cimeterre (15th century) or from the Italian scimitarra. The ultimate source of these terms is unknown. Perhaps they are corruptions of the Persian shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation "unsatisfactory". No scabbard
A 19th Century Leather Shot Flask By Renown Maker James Dixon and Son Embossed leather relief design of hanging game. J Dixon & Sons (James Dixon & Sons) founded 1806 in Sheffield, was one of the major British manufacturers in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. They were well known as manufacturers of Pewterware, Electroplated Britannia metal Silverware and Electroplated nickel silver. Their products included hundreds of items for use in the kitchen (e.g. bowls, cutting-tools) and the dining room(e.g. tea services, cocktail shakers and mixers) as well as items like candlesticks for all rooms. They were a world leader in manufacturing shooting accessories through nineteenth century and exported powder flasks in large quantities to America, They were known as whistle makers, which like most of their products were of outstanding quality; they were one of the 4 great whistle makers, the others being W Dowler & Sons, J Stevens & Son & T Yates. It was located first at Silver Street (1806), Cornish Place (1822) Sheffield . They were also famous for their sporting trophies. Two of the most well-known are the Hales Trophy commissioned in 1932 (sometimes called the Blue Riband) though this really refers to the pendant flown by the sailing ship currently holding the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic. The trophy was then held by the owners of that ship. The other great trophy is the one presented to the winner of the American Masters Golf tournament held annually in Augusta Georgia. This trophy is a scale model of the clubhouse made in 1959-60 and contains 453 troy ounces of silver.
A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13th-14th Century style, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate. In the early 19th century Sir Walter Scott's novels created a great resurgence in the interest in romantic Knightly tales of derring do and chivalry, and this was strongly followed in architecture at the time. To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were furnished with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this.
A 19th Century Silver North African Jambiya Koummya With Rope Mount Two ring mounting with beautiful and finely scroll engraved panelled silver front decoration and engraved brass reverse side. The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the contoured handles, curved double-edged blades and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation. In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the waist and is suspended vertically, with the scabbard tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end to one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder. A much greater diversity in forms and decoration exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally. Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip. The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side. Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the tip. While the edge bevels may give the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is rectangular at the forte. These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical.
A 19th Century Tulwar Sword With Probably a Pattern Welded Blade A nice example of an Indian sword in good order. Firm blade of likely pattern welded form due to it's rigidity.
A 500 Year Old Samurai Battle Daisho, Koto Era Circa 1510 A daisho of a daito and aikuchi shoto, with rebellion style bound tsuka, carved iron tsuba, spiral lacquer saya and iron and buffalo horn fittings. The most distinctive rebellion style battle wrap on the hilts was a uniform design that was said to have been undertaken on all of the samurai swords used in that last great campaign. Probably to unify the samurai with the same sense of purpose for their last stand as warriors of an ancient and noble Japanese tradition. This daisho was mounted and last used in the final great samurai battle in the Satsuma samurai rebellion, as can be seen depicted in Tom Cruise's blockbuster film, 'The Last Samurai' [amazingly, a not too inaccurate portrayal of that incredible conflict]. These swords had been completely untouched since that great battle and their samurai owner defeated. Although looking somewhat sad and forlorn when they arrived, all that was required was expert restoration by our highly trained artisans. This has now been completed, and what a transformation. The blades have been beautifully repolished and the Edo saya have had had their lacquer restored. The shoto is signed and in unokubi zukuri form with double hi lined in traditional red. After many weeks they are now offered just as they once looked before the great last battles of the rebellion, and their Satsuma clan samurai vanquished. Prior to that rebellion these swords were used, since their traditional making by hand by a master swordsmith in around 1500, by their numerous samurai warrior owners. Every samurai revere ring them as their most treasured possessions. Likely they were brought back to England, duly battle worn, in the 1870's, by an English visitor to the newly opened Meiji Japan. He would likely have been a travelled gentleman, visiting just after the Satsuma Rebellion. After the rebellion the samurai were cast down, stripped of all honours and effectively discarded from Japanese society after more than a thousand years of service, loyalty and devotion to bushido. The age of the samurai was destroyed and simply wiped out, it was the end of feudal Japan, and it's samurai based rule by the said laws of Bushido under the Shogun of the Tokugawa. These fabulous swords an historical pair of artefacts, from the fascinating world of samurai history, used by up to 30 different warriors in their lifetime of half a millennia. The wakazashi or shoto is an aikuchi type [mounted without a tsuba sword guard]. The daisho is a Japanese term referring to the traditional weapons of the samurai. The daisho is composed of a katana [daito] and wakizashi [shoto]. The daito, meaning big sword, and shoto, meaning small sword, The katana, the longer of the two swords, was typically employed in man-to-man combat. The wakizashi made an effective main-gauche or close-combat weapon. A daisho allows for defence while fighting or the fighting of two enemies. Also, the daisho allows the fighter to have a longer or more widespread fighting range. The concept of the daisho originated with the pairing of a short sword with whatever long sword was being worn during a particular time period. It has been noted that the tachi would be paired with a tanto, and later the uchigatana would be paired with another shorter uchigatana. With the advent of the katana, the wakizashi eventually was chosen by samurai as the short sword over the tanto. The ancient custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering facilitated the continuing to wear the wakizashi within the host's castle. The wearing of daisho was strictly limited to the samurai class, and became a symbol or badge of their rank. Daisho may have became popular around the end of the Muromachi period (1336 to 1573) as several early examples date from the late sixteenth century. An edict in 1629 defining the duties of a samurai required the wearing of a daisho when on official duty. During the Meiji period an edict was passed in 1871 abolishing the requirement of the wearing of daisho by samurai, and in 1876 the wearing of swords in public by most of Japan's population was banned; this ended the use of the daisho as the symbol of the samurai, and the samurai class was abolished soon after the sword ban. Picture of the Battle of Shirowwyama. Length katana [daito] blade tsuba to tip 24 inches, overall 40 inches. Wakazasdhi [shoto] 16.2 inch bladeoverall 24.5 inches. We show a photo in the gallery of a group of Satsuma samurai, all with their daisho, mounted before their last fateful battle, as ours are, and two of them [far right and far left] both have their wakazashi [shoto] worn and mounted aikuchi style without tsuba just as this daisho is. The shoto is 24 inches overall in saya, the daito is 38 inches long overall in saya
A Ball Race Spare Part, Part of the 'Little Boy' Manhattan Project Although barely 72 years old, it is probably one of the rarest items we are ever likely to offer. A superb, single, micro engineered ball race, one of a pair of spare parts, [and to be sold by us separately] we acquired from the late collection of Professor Samuel Eilenberg, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics at Columbia University in WW2. One of the spare parts used during the construction of 'Little Boy' Uranium Bomb, part of the ultra top secret Manhattan Project. The second example is engraved with it's part code GYRO PT MK3 A. Code L.B.BOMB. This example is plain and un-engraved. Souvenirs of the Manhattan Project were taken by [or presented to] many of the consultants and scientists working on, or associated with, the greatest secret project of the 20th century, once the project was officially closed down in regards to Little Boy. For information purposes the diameter of the ball race is 160mm which is within a small tolerance of the diameter of the gun barrel [165mm] that was central to the construction of 'Little Boy'. This measurement may indeed be relevant to the ball races actual function or use within the project. Unfortunately due to the top secret nature of the whole event Prof Eilenberg did not reveal the ball races function, or even his no doubt significant personal contribution within the project, before his death in January 1998, only that he acquired it at Los Alamos in August 1945, apparently given out by Oppenheimer. The Manhattan Project was the project to develop the first nuclear weapon (atomic bomb) during World War II by the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), it refers specifically to the period of the project from 1941–1946 under the control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves. The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. The project succeeded in developing and detonating three nuclear weapons in 1945: a test detonation of a plutonium implosion bomb on July 16 (the Trinity test) near Alamogordo, New Mexico; an enriched uranium bomb code-named "Little Boy" on August 6 over Hiroshima, Japan; and a second plutonium bomb, code-named "Fat Man" on August 9 over Nagasaki, Japan. The project's roots lay in scientists' fears since the 1930s that Nazi Germany was also investigating nuclear weapons of its own. Born out of a small research program in 1939, the Manhattan Project eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion USD ($23 billion in 2007 dollars based on CPI). It resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that operated in secret. The three primary research and production sites of the project were the plutonium-production facility at what is now the Hanford Site, the uranium-enrichment facilities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the weapons research and design laboratory, now known as Los Alamos National Laboratory. Project research took place at over thirty different sites across the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The MED maintained control over U.S. weapons production until the formation of the Atomic Energy Commission in January 1947. We also have an original photo print taken from HMS Colossus, [part of 11th Aircraft Carrier Squadron, that was based in the Pacific, commanded by Rear Admiral Harcourt]. It was taken on 7th August 1945 [the day after Little Boy was detonated]. It is a picture of two I/d profiles of two Japanese T/E fighters that were originally observed in July 1945. These photographs were sent to the Manhattan Project HQ, but why, to us, this remains a mystery. Also, another souvenir, the serial tag from the Army Air Corps Bell and Howell sound projector, that apparently showed the original film of the detonation of 'Little Boy' to Professor Eilenburg and others from the project after the Enola Gay mission. Those souvenirs are for sale with the engrave ball race not this one. We show in the gallery, for information only, a Paul R. Halmos photograph of Samuel Eilenberg (1913-1998), left, and Gordon T. Whyburn (1904-1969) in 1958 at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Edinburgh. For example, in relation to the desirability of original items connected to this monumentally historical mission, two other pieces were sold some 14 years ago in the US. The Little Boy was armed on the mission by removing the green safety plugs, and arming it with red arming plugs. This was undertaken by 23 year old Lt. Morris Richard Jeppson, who armed the bomb during the flight. For this perilous task he was awarded the Silver Star for his unique contribution to the mission. Jeppson, however, kept a few of the green plugs that signified his role in the bombing. He sold two of them in San Francisco for $167,500, at auction, in 2002, however, the US federal government claimed they were classified material and tried, but failed dismally, to block the sale. We were very fortunate to acquire these fascinating pieces, from Prof Eilenberg's collection, from a Doctor and lecturer of oriental studies, who acquired them himself some years ago from a dear colleague of Prof Eilenberg. This less expensive of the two ball race we have does not bear engraving and does not come with the camera plate or photos either.
A Battle Damaged German Double Decal Luftwaffe Combat Helmet M40 This is a most interesting combat helmet with traces of various camouflage over paints, with the decals present but fairly worn, and the owner's name painted on the inner rim. Part liner present. This helmet will be absolutely for the collector of historical artifacts, curiosities and iconic symbols of modern combat warfare during WW2. This will not likely be suitable for collectors of perfect and unused German combat helmets.
A Beautiful & Rare Imperial Russian Romanov Period WW1 Propaganda Poster depicting the Triple Entente – Britannia (right) and Marianne [left] the national symbol of the French Republic, an allegory of liberty and reason, and a portrayal of the Goddess of Liberty adorned with her bonnet rouge, in the company of Mother Russia. In this depiction, Britannia's association with the sea is provided by her holding an anchor, an attribute usually represented by Poseidon's Trident. An original Russian 1914 poster. The upper inscription reads "Concord". Shown are the female personifications of France, Russia, and Britain, the "Triple Entente" allies in the first World War. In centre, Russia holds aloft an Orthodox Cross (symbol of faith), Britannia on the right with an anchor (referring to Britain's navy, but also a traditional symbol of hope), and Marianne on the left with a heart (symbol of charity/love, probably with reference to the Sacré-Cœur Basilica) -- "faith, hope, and charity" being the three virtues of the famous Biblical passage I Corinthians 13:13. In the background is a battle scene, with men fighting with guns and swords, some on horseback. Above them is an exploding shell, an early aeroplane, and an airship. It was published on territory of the Russian Empire (Russian Republic) except for territories of the Grand Duchy of Finland and Congress Poland before 7 November 1917. 20.25 inches x 27.75 inchesWould look stunning with a fine quality frame.
A Beautiful 1770's Naval Blunderbuss With traditional military brass furniture and the sea service type flat butt plate. Brass blunderbusses were "naval enforcers" in war and peace. Excellent CP and V proof marks. Used from the American Revolutionary War through the Anglo French Wars the Napoleonic Wars, such as the Battle of The Nile, Battle of Cape St. Vincent and Cape Trafalgar. The War of 1812 against the American Navy and up to around the early 1840's. Their huge, smooth-bore barrels are very destructive at close range. They are easy to load and fairly easy to repair. Used by the Royal Navy during the Revolution. With these guns such as this at its command, it is little wonder that Britain ruled the waves for many generations. The "Sea Service," as the British Navy was called, continued to be the world's most powerful maritime force for two centuries." The blunderbuss, which takes its name from the German term Donderbuschse (thunder gun) is a short-barreled firearm with a flared muzzle that made its appearance in the late 16th century. Often associated with the Pilgrims, the blunderbuss was still relatively unknown in the early 17th century. Originally intended for military purposes, these arms can be traced to 1598, when Germany's Henrich Thielman applied for a patent for a shoulder arm designed for shipboard use to repel enemy boarders. The blunderbuss quickly became popular with the Dutch and English navies. England's growing maritime power seems to have fueled production of these short bell-barrel arms, which were useful during close-in engagements between warships by enabling marines clinging to ship's rigging to use them against the gun crews of opposing vessels. The barrels and furniture of the blunderbuss were typically made from brass, and stocks were most commonly made from walnut. Other, less robust woods were sometimes used, but their tendency to shatter ensured that walnut would remain in widespread use as a stocking material The blunderbuss played a role during the English Civil War of 1642-48, and these arms were widely used as a personal defense arm in England during the Commonwealth Period. The lack of an organized system of law enforcement at that time, coupled with the growing threat posed by highwaymen, placed the burden of protecting life and property in the hands of honest citizens. Although some blunderbusses bore the royal cipher of the Sovereign, they typically did not feature the Broad Arrow identifying government ownership or the markings of the Board of Ordnance. Several brass- and iron-barreled blunderbusses were captured from the forces of Lord Cornwallis upon the latter's surrender to the Continental Army at Yorktown, Virginia in the final land campaign of the American Revolution As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Old shipboard field service repair to the stock at the rear ramrod pipe.
A Beautiful 1796 Blue and Gilt Officer's Light Dragoon Sabre With brass combat scabbard, brass hilt, carved bone grip and traditional 1796 Light Dragoon form blade, used in the Waterloo era, with wide swollen tip. The blue and gilt is good but has some wear and fading due to to use. Officers both regular and volunteers carried fighting swords very similar in form to those of the trooper version, though they tended to be lighter in weight and show evidence of higher levels of finish and workmanship. Officers stationed in India sometimes had the hilts and scabbards of their swords silvered as a protection against the high humidity of the Monsoon season. Unlike the officers of the heavy cavalry, light cavalry officers did not have a pattern dress sword. As a result of this there were many swords made which copied elements of the 1796 pattern design but incorporated a high degree of decoration, such as blue and gilt or frost-etched blades, and gilt-bronze hilts such as this one. The mounted swordsmanship training of the British emphasised the cut, at the face for maiming or killing, or at the arms to disable. This left masses of mutilated or disabled troops; the French, in contrast, favoured the thrust, which gave cleaner kills. A cut with the 1796 LC sabre was, however, perfectly capable of killing outright, as was recorded by George Farmer of the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons, who was involved in a skirmish on the Guadiana River in 1811, during the Peninsular War: "Just then a French officer stooping over the body of one of his countrymen, who dropped the instant on his horse's neck, delivered a thrust at poor Harry Wilson's body; and delivered it effectually. I firmly believe that Wilson died on the instant yet, though he felt the sword in its progress, he, with characteristic self-command, kept his eye on the enemy in his front; and, raising himself in his stirrups, let fall upon the Frenchman's head such a blow, that brass and skull parted before it, and the man's head was cloven asunder to the chin. It was the most tremendous blow I ever beheld struck; and both he who gave, and his opponent who received it, dropped dead together. The brass helmet was afterwards examined by order of a French officer, who, as well as myself, was astonished at the exploit; and the cut was found to be as clean as if the sword had gone through a turnip, not so much as a dint being left on either side of it" The blade is remembered today as one of the best of its time and has been described as the finest cutting sword ever manufactured in quantity. Officers of the famous 95th Rifles, other light infantry regiments and the "flank" companies of line regiments adopted swords with an identical hilt to the 1796 light cavalry sabre, but with a lighter and shorter blade. The sabre was also copied by the Prussians; indeed, some Imperial German troops were equipped with almost identical swords, but smaller, into the First World War.
A Beautiful 17th Cent. Chinese-Tibetan Sword With Rayskin Coral & Turquoise A most rare and original antique sword, and what a find! Old original Chinese- Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Chinese-Tibetan form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the hallmark of traditional Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process. This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan texts, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one piece in a blade-making technique called pattern welding. The hilts are often made of engraved silver set with coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in gold and silver. The different styles of swords that were once found in China and Tibet can be distinguished by several basic features, which include the type of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn. Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types. These are in turn subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which may, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than actual sword forms. Armour and weapons are certainly not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely identified with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate nature of Tibetan Buddhism. However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century. Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial occasions, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang (mgon khang), and dedicated to the service of guardian deities. The title of Dalai Lama is first bestowed on Sonam Gyatso (1543–1588), the third hierarch of the Gelukpa school of Tibetan Buddhism, by the Mongolian prince Altan Khan, a descendent of the great Genghis Khan, in the sixteenth century. Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. His incarnation and successor, the Fourth Dalai Lama, is Mongolian and a relative of the Khan. In 1642, the Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), is installed as the undisputed ruler of Tibet. He becomes both a great scholar and an able administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth." The Fifth Dalai lama creates the Tibetan theocratic state with the Dalai Lama at its head. For a dozen years, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso. Gyatso's protégé, the Sixth Dalai Lama, accedes in 1695. In 1717, after years of unrest, the Chinese emperor finally installs the Seventh Dalai Lama and proclaims Tibet a Chinese protectorate. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next 200 years. Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Over the next 250 years, the three kingdoms go through a process of consolidation and splintering, culminating in the reunification of the country under the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayana Shah in 1768–69. Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest museums, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Tibetan arms and armour. Item 36.25.1464., within the exhibition, is a near identical sword, dated as 17th century, used until the 19th century. Please note, for information purposes, almost every Chinese or Tibetan sword for sale today on the non specialist market, are common reproductions made in China, often sold as real. It is a sad reality that there are literally [for want of quantification] no original antique Sino -Tibetan swords remaining in China today. Despite many appearing for sale today within the Chinese market. Almost without exception, every sword that existed still in China, in the 1950's, was ordered destroyed under direction of the Cultural Revolution. Iron or steel was considered too precious, and all iron items, including cooking pots and eating vessels swords and daggers were ordered to be scrapped and destroyed. Everyone complied with this instruction. Overall 23 3/4 inches long.
A Beautiful 1850's Victorian Albert Pattern South Salopian Cavalry Helmet In nice order for it's age and use that may well have been over 50 years. Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry dates its origins to the French wars of 1793-1815. Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the country, with Shropshire raising many varied and exotic corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others. These mixed units were amalgamated in 1814 to form the Shrewsbury Yeomanry Cavalry, the South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry and the North Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1828, the Shrewsbury Y.C. was absorbed into the South Shropshire, leaving two Regiments, known as the South Salopian and the North Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry. These in turn amalgamated in 1872 to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in 1795. The regiment's first active service came during the South African War, when volunteers served in the 13th (Shropshire) Company of the 5th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. Three contingents of 13/5 served in South Africa, earning the first Shropshire Yeomanry battle-honour, 'South Africa 1900-1902'. During the 1914-18 War, The Shropshire Yeomanry served in the Western Desert of Egypt and in Palestine (against the Turks). The only V.C. to a Shropshire Regiment was won by Sgt. Harold Whitfield of the Yeomanry, for gallantry at Burj-el-Lisaneh in Palestine in 1918. This helmet is complete with it's original, 160 [or more] years old Victorian plume, but the plume is in very poor condition [not shown]. Overall light surface wear denting and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].
A Beautiful 18th Century Brass Blunderbuss By Barber of London Brass barrel engraved London and bears Tower armoury crossed sceptre proof marks. The blunderbuss furniture is all brass with an acorn finial trigger guard and a military style sideplate. The lock is somewhat in the early banana form, typical of the early to mid 18th century, with a the good and clear name of Mr. Barbar inscribed. It has a good and responsive action. The stock is fine walnut with some very fine 'fiddle back' grain on the butt. It has two ramrod pipes, and was made by one of the great makers and suppliers to the dragoon regiments and officers of his day, during the time of King George II. This would have seen service during the War known as King George's War of 1744-48, in America, and the 7 Years War, principally against the French but involving the whole of Europe, and once again, used in the era of the American Revolution and then in the Napaoleonic Wars. It would only have likeley to have stopped being used in the mid 19th century. Recognized experts like the late Keith Neal, D.H.L Back and Norman Dixon consider James Barbar to be the best gun maker of his day. Dixon states, "Almost without exception, original antique firearms made by James Barbar of London are of the highest quality". In Windsor Castle there are a superb pair of pistols by James Barbar and a Queen Anne Barbar pistol also appeared in the Clay P. Bedford exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Barbar supplied complete dragoon pistols for Churchill's Dragoons in 1745, also guns for the Duke of Cumberland's Dragoons during 1746 to 48, and all of the carbines for Lord Loudoun's regiment of light infantry in 1745. James was apprenticed to his father Louis Barbar in October of 1714. Louis Barbar was a well known gun maker who had immigrated to England from France in 1688. He was among many Huguenots (French Protestants) who sought refuge in England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 1685. Louis was appointed Gentleman Armourer to King George I in 1717, and to George II in 1727. He died in 1741 . James Barbar completed his apprenticeship in 1722 and was admitted as a freeman to the Company of Gunmakers. By 1726 James had established a successful shop on Portugal Street in Piccadilly. After his father's death in 1741, James succeeded him as Gentleman Armourer to George II, and furbisher at Hampton Court. He was elected Master of the Gunmakers` Company in 1742. James Barbar died in 1773. The book "Great British Gunmakers 1740-1790" contains a detailed chapter on James Barbar and many fine photographs of his weapons. This lovely pistol is 19 inches long overall. It has had some past srvice restoration, but nothing at all onerous. The mainspring is replaced, the for-end stock has old repairs, and the rammer is a replacement. But, it is hardly surprising as this pistol may likely have seen rogourous combat service for upwards of 80 years. It is now a beauty and a fine example of the early British military gunsmiths art. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Overall in very nice condition for age, with some old hammering at the barrel breech. We were sent a fabulous photograph of a painting by Sasha Beliaev showing a pirate holding his blunderbuss, a remarkably skillfull painting of immense quality. One of the best portraits we have seen of it's type in forty years. [Shown for educational purposes only]
A Beautiful 18th Century Sikh Tulwar Gold Inlaid Hilt & Watered Steel Blade The hilt is covered in pure gold koftgari decoration. The Tulwar had historically been the quintessential combat sword used by Sikhs as their sacred kirpan due to its superior handling while mounted on horseback. With a curved blade optimized for cutting and slashing with sweeping cuts delivered from the shoulder by a horseman the curved blade of the tulwar could strike repeated blows without the danger of the blade getting stuck in bone or armour. It allowed for fierce slashing on all sides cutting through enemy formations while mounted on horseback. This tulwar has a curved blade of approximately 73cm in length with a graduating blade where it eventually begins it’s taper to the point. With its curved blade the point of the sword cannot be very effectively used for thrusting and the Tulwars defensive capabilities are limited. In this circumstance defence was taken up by using the shield (Dhal) in tandem with the Tulwar as an integral duo on the battlefield. The blade was firmly attached to the hilt of the Tulwar commonly using a heated paste of lac or red dye from the papal tree which when it hardened provided a solid and effective adhesive between the two parts of the sword. The hilt of the Tulwar has a button on top and a circular dished pommel disk featuring the koftgari design patterns of flowers in pure hammered gold. The grip of the Tulwar below the pommel disk narrows at the top and bottom while bulging out in the middle. The crossguard between the grip and the blade features two short but very thick rounded quillions. The index finger could be wrapped around a quillion rather than the grip providing the swordsman with extra maneuverability of the sword. Some Tulwars feature a knuckle guard extending from the quillion to the pommel disk, while others do not, both styles of Tulwars were commonly used by Sikhs. Guru Hargobind, the 6th Sikh Guru is said to have always carried two Tulwars representing his temporal and spiritual authority. They both had gold onlaid hilts.
A Beautiful 18th to 19th Century, Indo Persian Gold Koftgari Inlaid Ankus Steel blade hook and spike head with superb gold inlay known as Koftgari work with the matching hilt pommel, and a fine sectional haft [likely, either ivory or bone] inlaid with a red and black geometric ball and line pattern. The Ankus or elephant goad was the part of the elephant driver's equipment that was used to guide and instruct the elephant to follow his instructions. Although not strictly speaking a weapon, it is always traditionally revered as of the same status, and is always displayed alongside the normal armour and swords of the time in the great military museum collections. From about the mid 1st millennium BC elephants were used in warfare in India, gradually ousting war chariots from the battlefield. The last recorded use of elephants was in the late 18th century, although they continued to be used as draught animals. In the time of the Great Mughals in India (1526-1858) people either rode an elephant or sat in a ‘Howdah’. The most valuable elephants were protected by armour. Some were fully clad in armour, others had only their heads and parts of their trunk protected, others had no protection at all. Elephant armour was made of; plates and mail (As in the royal Armouries example), Scales sewn on a piece of cloth, brigandine (steel plates sewn in between layers of cloth), or just quilted cloth or leather. The armour also had a peculiarity – protective ‘ears’, two projections on the elephant’s head to protect the driver.
A Beautiful 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask Not maker marked, but of very fine quality indeed. I small body dent. Good spring action to the multi measure spout.
A Beautiful Aikuchi Tanto With a Carved Dragon Blade Late Koto era circa 1580. Carved horimono of nice quality. And a fine hamon. Black lacquer saya, same covered tsuka with copper fittings and copper menuki of birds and flowers [not shown in photo]. The tanto was invented partway through the Heian period, when it was mainly used as a weapon. With the beginning of the Kamakura period, tanto were forged to be more aesthetically pleasing, and hira and uchi-sori tanto were the most popular styles for wars in the kamakura period. Near the middle of the Kamakura period, more tanto artisans were seen, increasing the abundance of the weapon, and the kanmuri-otoshi style became prevalent in the cities of Kyoto and Yamato. Because of the style introduced by the tachi in the late Kamakura period, tant? began to be forged longer and wider. The introduction of the Hachiman faith became visible in the carvings in the tanto hilts around this time. The hamon (line of temper) is similar to that of the tachi, except for the absence of choji-midare, which is nioi and utsuri. Gunomi-midare and suguha are found to have taken its place. In Nambokucho, the tanto were forged to be up to forty centimetres as opposed to the normal one shaku (about thirty centimetres) length. The tanto blades became thinner between the uri and the omote, and wider between the ha and mune. At this point in time, two styles of hamon were prevalent: the older style, which was subtle and artistic, and the newer, more popular style. Blades could be of exceptional quality. As the end of the period neared, the average blade narrowed and the sori became shallow. The aikuchi is a tanto koshirae where the fushi is flush with the mouth of the saya. There is no tsuba on this form of tanto. Aikuchi normally have plain wood tsuka, the better types covered in same [rayskin], and many forms of aikuchi have kashira that are made from animal horns, iron or copper. Tanto were sometimes worn as the sh?to in place of a wakizashi in a daisho, especially on the battlefield. Before the advent of the wakizashi/tanto combination, it was common for a samurai to carry a tachi and a tanto as opposed to a katana and a wakizashi
A Beautiful Ancient Bronze Age Spear Around 3200 Years Old Double edged graduated leaf shaped blade with wide and narrowing rib. Robust shank and tapering square section tang. A fabulous example of original ancient classical weaponry, of good, heavy, combat weight construction, in excellent condition. With superb natural green patination with surface age encrustaceans. Made in the region of Mesopotamia and possibly traded across the Zagros mountains to the Aegean Sea to the lands of the Trojan War, legendary conflict between the early Greeks and the people of Troy in western Anatolia, dated by later Greek authors to the 12th or 13th century bc. The war stirred the imagination of the ancient Greeks more than any other event in their history, and was celebrated in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, as well as a number of other early works now lost, and frequently provided material for the great dramatists of the Classical Age. It also figures in the literature of the Romans (e.g., Virgil’s Aeneid) In the traditional accounts, Paris, son of the Trojan king, ran off with Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta, whose brother Agamemnon then led a Greek expedition against Troy. The ensuing war lasted 10 years, finally ending when the Greeks pretended to withdraw, leaving behind them a large wooden horse with a raiding party concealed inside. When the Trojans brought the horse into their city, the hidden Greeks opened the gates to their comrades, who then sacked Troy, massacred its men, and carried off its women. This version was recorded centuries later; the extent to which it reflects actual historical events is not known. Th greatest protagonist of the Trojan war was Agamemnon, in Greek legend, king of Mycenae or Argos. He was the son (or grandson) of Atreus, king of Mycenae, and his wife Aërope and was the brother of Menelaus. After Atreus was murdered by his nephew Aegisthus (son of Thyestes), Agamemnon and Menelaus took refuge with Tyndareus, king of Sparta, whose daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen, they respectively married. By Clytemnestra, Agamemnon had a son, Orestes, and three daughters, Iphigeneia (Iphianassa), Electra (Laodice), and Chrysothemis. Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus, and Agamemnon recovered his father’s kingdom. When Paris (Alexandros), son of King Priam of Troy, carried off Helen, Agamemnon called on the princes of the country to unite in a war of revenge against the Trojans. He himself furnished 100 ships and was chosen commander in chief of the combined forces. The fleet assembled at the port of Aulis in Boeotia but was prevented from sailing by calms or contrary winds that were sent by the goddess Artemis because Agamemnon had in some way offended her. To appease the wrath of Artemis, Agamemnon was forced to sacrifice his own daughter Iphigeneia. After the capture of Troy, Cassandra, Priam’s daughter, fell to Agamemnon’s lot in the distribution of the prizes of war. On his return he landed in Argolis, where Aegisthus, who in the interval had seduced Agamemnon’s wife, treacherously carried out the murders of Agamemnon, his comrades, and Cassandra. In Agamemnon, by the Greek poet and dramatist Aeschylus, however, Clytemnestra was made to do the killing. The murder was avenged by Orestes, who returned to slay. 14.5 inches long.
A Beautiful Ancient Koto Katana Formerly a Nodachi or Odachi Circa 1450 Odachi were extremely long and very rare swords, used in battle in the ancient warring days. This stunning sword also has some very fine, original, iron mounts decorated with pure gold. The blade has a fabulous blade with an extremely vibrant sugaha hamon. This sword is an absolute beauty, both ancient and enchanting, and fitted with stunning Edo mounts of superb quality. The original Edo period saya simple black lacquer. The tsuba is formed in the simulated stone form similar to molten rock from mount Fuji, with very fine chiseled iron detailing. The tang has several intersperced mekugiana, which would indicate it was an incredibly long odachi. To qualify as an ?dachi, the sword in question must have had an original blade length over 3 shaku (35.79 inches or 90.91 cm). However, as with most terms in Japanese sword arts, there is no exact definition of the size of an ?dachi. The odachi's importance died off after the Siege of Osaka of 1615 (the final battle between Tokugawa Ieyasu and Toyotomi Hideyori). The Bakufu government set a law which prohibited holding swords above a set length (in Genna 3 (1617), Kan'ei 3 (1626) and Shoho2 (1645)). After the law was put into practice, ?dachi were cut down to the shorter legal size. This is one of the reasons why ?dachi are so rare. Since then many odachi were shortened to use as katana, we feel this may well have been when this blade was shortened. Odachi were very difficult to produce because their length makes heat treatment in a traditional way more complicated: The longer a blade is, the more difficult (or expensive) it is to heat the whole blade to a homogenous temperature, both for annealing and to reach the hardening temperature. The quenching process then needs a bigger quenching medium because uneven quenching might lead to warping the blade. The method of polishing is also different. Because of their size, Odachi were usually hung from the ceiling or placed in a stationary position to be polished, unlike normal swords which are moved over polishing stones. The sword is o-suriagi and now has a blade 26.75, overall 36 inches inches long. Around 550 years old. Mounted with very fine gold and iron mounts and pure gold decorated dragon menuki. A fine blade with a vibrant, undulating gunome hamon..The early print in the gallery of Asahina Yoshihide in armour, a long sword (nodachi) slung on his back, holding a large iron club and the piece of armor he tore from Soga Goro.
A Beautiful Ancient Koto Katana, Formerly, Probably, an Odachi, Circa 1450 A big sword of great impression. Odachi were extremely long and very rare swords, used in battle in the ancient samurai warring days. Odachi are now near extinct to the collecting world, as 99% [that survived the long centuries at all] were cut down from it's base several hundred years ago [as this sword likely was] to be a more usable katana. It is around 500 to 550 years old. Mounted with very fine semi tachi mountings of a kabutogane and matching brass fushi and menuki of flowers under a leather battle wrap. The sword is o-suriagi with a three hole tang, and with a bottom straight across cut, and now has a traditional, reduced [from the hilt end] length blade of 29 inches from tsuba to tip, still very long for ancient surviving katana, and overall it's 42 inches inches long in saya. A fine blade with a vibrant, undulating gunome hamon. This sword is an absolute beauty, both ancient and enchanting and certainly stirs the imagination. A saya of simple black lacquer. The tsuba is o-sukashi. The tang has several intersperced mekugiana, which would indicate it was an incredibly long odachi. To qualify as an odachi, the sword in question must have had an original blade length over 3 shaku (35.79 inches or 90.91 cm). However, as with most terms in Japanese sword arts, there is no exact definition of the size of an ?dachi. The odachi's importance died off after the Siege of Osaka of 1615 (the final battle between Tokugawa Ieyasu and Toyotomi Hideyori). The Bakufu government set a law which prohibited holding swords above a set length (in Genna 3 (1617), Kan'ei 3 (1626) and Sh?h? 2 (1645)). After the law was put into practice, odachi were cut down to the shorter legal size. This is one of the reasons why odachi are so rare. Odachi were very difficult to produce because their length makes heat treatment in a traditional way more complicated: The longer a blade is, the more difficult (or expensive) it is to heat the whole blade to a homogenous temperature, both for annealing and to reach the hardening temperature. The quenching process then needs a bigger quenching medium because uneven quenching might lead to warping the blade. The method of polishing is also different. Because of their size, Odachi were usually hung from the ceiling or placed in a stationary position to be polished, unlike normal swords which are moved over polishing stones. A fine blade with a vibrant, undulating gunome hamon. The early print in the gallery of Hiyoshimaru meets Koroku on Yahagibashi, showing nodachi or odachi. Slight edge split in saya.
A Beautiful and Ancient Samurai Wakazashi Inscribed Nobukuni Circa 1360 Signed Nobukuni. This is a remarkable sword that was made over 600 years ago in Kyoto by the revered Nobukuni school of Yamashiro province (present-day southern Kyoto prefecture) One of the greatest and best blade making schools of the Koto era. The two kanji name is still partially clear despite its great age. Original hammered gold leaf lacquer saya in the stylised form of cherry bark. Edo iron tsuba inlaid with gold silver and copper flowers. Fushi of deeply chiselled copper and pure gold decorated flowers and scrolling tendrils over a nanako ground. Large square section menuki panels under black silk ito. The horimono are traces of Sanskrit characters. One side of the sword it may have read Kojin the god of calamities. The other side features the bonji character and both sides have Hi grooves that served to lighten the sword and provide decoration. This bonji character was used by Buddhist monks as offerings to the gods. the Kodzuka [utility knife] that lives in the wakazashi’s sword pocket [see photo]. It’s an Edo period Higo style iron handled knife called a kodzuka that is decorated in pure gold overlay with the form of a giant rayfish. Also, the Nobukuni school of smiths from the 1300’s are regarded with great reverence in Japan, with one similar looking blade in the Kyoto National Museum. It is deemed; An Important Cultural Property, it’s Blade Length is 15. inches, [no fittings or mounts remain] from the same Nanbokucho period [1333 to 1391], although their blade has been shortened [probably by around 4 inches] but, it’s surface condition is better than ours with less horimono design loss, however, it’s signature has been lost completely when it was shortened. Many scholars agree that Nobukuni produced some of the finest engravings the Japanese Samurai sword world has ever seen. Nobukuni was likely a son or grandson of Ryokai Hisanobu of the Rai school based in Kyoto. He later studied under Sadamune of Kamakura in Soshu province (present-day Sagami, Kanagawa prefecture). This sword is a form based on a naginata shape, just as the great warrior Benkei carried. Stories about Benkei's birth vary considerably. One tells how his father was the head of a temple shrine who had raped his mother, the daughter of a blacksmith. Another sees him as the offspring of a temple god. Many give him the attributes of a demon, a monster child with wild hair and long teeth. In his youth, Benkei may have been called Oniwaka. He is said to have defeated 200 men in each battle he was personally involved in. He joined the cloister at an early age and travelled widely among the Buddhist monasteries of Japan. During this period, monasteries were important centres of administration and culture, but also military powers in their own right. Like many other monks, Benkei was probably trained in the use of the naginata. At the age of seventeen, he was said to have been over 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) tall. At this point, he left the Buddhist monastery and became a yamabushi, a member of a sect of mountain ascetics who were recognisable by their black caps. Japanese prints often show Benkei wearing this cap. Benkei is said to have posted himself at Gojo Bridge in Kyoto, where he disarmed every passing swordsman, eventually collecting 999 swords. On his 1000th duel, Benkei was defeated by Minamoto no Yoshitsune, a son of Minamoto no Yoshitomo. Henceforth, he became a retainer of Yoshitsune and fought with him in the Genpei War against the Taira clan. Yoshitsune is credited with most of the Minamoto clan's successes against the Taira, especially the final naval battle of Dannoura. After their ultimate triumph, however, Yoshitsune's elder brother Minamoto no Yoritomo turned against him. From 1185 until 1189, Benkei accompanied Yoshitsune as an outlaw. In the end, they were encircled in the castle of Koromogawa no tate. As Yoshitsune retired to the inner keep of the castle to commit ritual suicide (seppuku) on his own, Benkei fought on at the bridge in front of the main gate to protect Yoshitsune. It is said that the soldiers were afraid to cross the bridge to confront him, and all that did met swift death at the hands of the gigantic man, who killed in excess of 300 fully trained soldiers. Long after the battle should have been over, the soldiers noticed that the arrow-riddled, wound-covered Benkei was standing still. The huge and loyal warrior monk carried a naginata such as this blade. Overall length in scabbard 26.75 inches, blade length 19.2 inches
A Beautiful anf Fine Quality 18th Century German Hunting Sword, Cuttoe With a long maker marked blade, and with fine and elegant engraving. The hilt is eight sided carved horn, with brass S quillons and a brass button pommel. A most attractive and elegant long hunting sword. In America this form of sword was often called a cuttoe, a revolutionary war hangar sword. For similar examples please see G. C. Neumann's "Swords & Blades of the American Revolution"
A Beautiful Antique Renaissance Style 'Heroic' Armour Gorget Made in iron, in the Italianate 16th century style, somewhat reminiscent of the truly magnificent heroic amours made by master armourer Filippo Negroli (ca. 1510–1579) and his contemporaries. In the manner of armour that one can only now see in the greatest historical collections, such as the British Royal Collection, and in the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Of course, if this was by one of the finest renaissance armour masters, such as Negroli, it would quite simply be priceless, however, in many ways it is most fortunate it is not an original, as, in this case, it is easily affordable to most antique armour collectors, or, admirers and collectors of fine and beautiful things. It was likely made during the renaissance revival period, of the time of Sir Walter Scott, when that reknown Scots born British author was recreating the great historical periods. Such as in his heroic novels such as Ivanhoe, The Lady of the Lake and Rob Roy. The renaissance revival gripped the imagination of Europe, and many of the most famous armours were recreated, for the fortunate few, and cast from the originals held in the great museum collections. Fantastical neo classical and neo gothic mansions and great estates were created, by the new industrial magnates with the incredible wealth that they often commanded. The classical revival was superbly expressed in the extravagant décor, based on those earlier styles, that was commissioned to decorate their finest estates and grand palatial homes. This gorget is in very good condition, cast, and with fine patina. The last picture in the gallery is an original period portrait of a plain and simpler gorget being worn, without full armour [for information only not included]. When full armour was not suitable or required the gorget was often worn on it's own as a badge of rank. Width 9 inches approx.
A Beautiful Antique Royal Vienna Porcelain Cabinet Plate By Griener Hand painted by one of the finest artists of Royal Vienna, and signed Griener. A portrait bust of Graf von Zeppelin With gold reflief border. Pre WW1 early 20th Century. Royal Vienna mark in underglazed blue. Gilding of the finest quality 99% good or better condition.
A Beautiful Band of the Welsh Guards Hand Painted Tenor Drum With battle honours. The Welsh Guards came into existence on February 26, 1915 by Royal Warrant of His Majesty King George V in order to include Wales in the national component to the Foot Guards, "..though the order to raise the regiment had been given by the King to Earl Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, on February 6 1915." They were the last of the Guards to be created, with the Irish Guards coming into being in 1900. Just two days later, the 1st Battalion Welsh Guards mounted its first King's Guard at Buckingham Palace on 1 March, 1915 - St David's Day.One way to distinguish between the regiments of Foot Guards is the spacing of buttons on the tunic. The Welsh Guards have buttons arranged in groups of five. On March 17, 1915 the 1st Battalion sailed for France to join the Guards Division to commence its participation in the First World War. Its first battle was some months after its initial arrival, at Loos on September 27, 1915. The regiment's first Victoria Cross came two years later in July 1917 awarded to Sergeant Robert Bye.The regiment was increased to three Battalions during the Second World War. The 1st Battalion fought valiantly in all the campaigns of the North-West European Theatre. The 2nd Battalion fought in Boulogne in 1940 whilst the 1st fought in Belgium as part of the British Expeditionary Force. In May 1940 at the Battle of Arras, the Welsh Guards gained their second Victoria Cross by Lieutenant The Hon. Christopher Furness who was killed in the action. The Welsh Guards were subsequently part of the legendary Evacuation of Dunkirk that saw over 340,000 British and French troops return to the UK against all odds. In 1943 the 3rd Battalion fought throughout the arduous Tunisian North African Campaign and Italian Campaigns. Welsh Guards in action near Cagny 19 July 1944 While they battled on in those theatres the 1st and 2nd joined the Guards Armoured Division, with the 1st Battalion being infantry and the 2nd armoured. The two battalions worked closely, being the first troops to re-enter Brussels on September 3, 1944 after an advance of 100 miles in one day in what was described as 'an armoured lash unequalled for speed in this or any other war'.
A Beautiful British Dragoon Basket Hilted Sword, Mid 18th Century, As used by the Scot's Dragoon's and the 7th Queens Dragoons in the 1740's to 1790's. Made by English blade maker Harvey, and bearing the GR Cypher of King George. Harvey may be one of the marks of renown Birmingham maker, Samuel Harvey, 1718-1778, who supplied many basket hilted swords to the British Crown, mostly for use by Highland troops. This sword is marked with the surname alone, HARVEY below the Crown and Cypher [the overlapping monogramme of GR] for King George. His more common mark was a running wolf, his other marks could be Harvey or S.Harvey. The fabulous basket hilt has the large oval ring insert, for the holding of the horses reins while gripping the sword when riding to battle, and part of the original buff hide basket liner. Wire bound fishskin grip, discoid pommel. There is a near identical sword by Harvey, bearing the same form of maker mark and crown GR in a collection of American War of Independence weaponry featured in "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann. Page 148 sword 261s The shortage of cavalry in the Revolutionary War was a major drawback for the British. A strong cavalry presence at battles like Long Island and Brandywine could have enabled the British to encircle the Americans and prevent their retreat. It is possible that a strong cavalry force would have captured Washington’s army entirely during the march south through New Jersey in 1776. This is the form of sword used by the Scot's Greys Dragoons in the 7 Years War against France, and by the 7th Queen's Dragoons. Portraits from the time show this very sword as worn.
A Beautiful British Heavy Dragoon Pattern Flintlock Pistol The pistol pattern as was used in the seven years war against France in the Americas by the British heavy dragoons. With it's typical long barrel, brass land pattern furniture, good tight mainspring on the double lined steel lock, that was engraved [refreshed]. It also bears the traditional crowned GR mark and ordnance pattern stamp. This is a beautiful looking pistol of superb proportions. It's patina is simply lustrous and we hope this is seen well enough in the photographs.12 inch barrel The battles of seven years war, in which British heavy dragoons served with distinction; French and Indian War 1754-1763 encompassed some famous battles, including in 1754 Fort Necessity 1755 Beauséjour 1755 Monongahela River 1755 Lake George 1756 Oswego 1757 Fort William Henry 1758 Fort Ticonderoga 1758 Louisbourg 1758 Fort Frontenac 1759 Fort Niagara 1760 Quebec 1760 Montreal. This pistol has had considerable restoration, and that is reflected in the price, but it is a beautiful piece of most decorative and impressive weaponry. It came from the 'Nepalese cache' a truly amazing source of old British weaponry that had been stored over the past centuries by the Kings of Nepal, in the former palace of an executed Nepalese Prime Minister, that were discovered and purchased by the eminent Christian Cranmer, and featured on a Discovery channel documentary.
A Beautiful Bust of Napoleon Bonaparte In Glazed Plaster Approx. one and a half times natural size. Glazed to resemble old ivory. A stunning piece of immense presence and quality. In the 19th century it was much the rage to make plaster casts of famous and fine sculpture when the original marble of bronze was unavailable. Although Britain's greatest and most formidable enemy he was still much admired throughout England in certain circles and many portraits and likenesses of him were made and thus decorated some of the finest homes in England. The British Museum has whole galleries dedicated to19th century plaster casts of famous renaissance, ancient Roman and Greek busts and statues, such as Michelangelo's David, as the originals will never leave their current residences, such as Florence or Rome. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in Corsica into a gentry family. Educated at military school, he was rapidly promoted and in 1796, was made commander of the French army in Italy, where he forced Austria and its allies to make peace. In 1798, Napoleon conquered Ottoman-ruled Egypt in an attempt to strike at British trade routes with India. He was stranded when his fleet was destroyed by the British at the Battle of the Nile. France now faced a new coalition - Austria and Russia had allied with Britain. Napoleon returned to Paris where the government was in crisis. In a coup d'etat in November 1799, Napoleon became first consul. In 1802, he was made consul for life and two years later, emperor. He oversaw the centralisation of government, the creation of the Bank of France, the reinstatement of Roman Catholicism as the state religion and law reform with the Code Napoleon. In 1800, he defeated the Austrians at Marengo. He then negotiated a general European peace which established French power on the continent. In 1803, Britain resumed war with France, later joined by Russia and Austria. Britain inflicted a naval defeat on the French at Trafalgar (1805) so Napoleon abandoned plans to invade England and turned on the Austro-Russian forces, defeating them at Austerlitz later the same year. He gained much new territory, including annexation of Prussian lands which ostensibly gave him control of Europe. The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Holland and Westphalia created, and over the next five years, Napoleon's relatives and loyalists were installed as leaders (in Holland, Westphalia, Italy, Naples, Spain and Sweden). The Peninsular War began in 1808. Costly French defeats over the next five years drained French military resources. Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 resulted in a disastrous retreat. The tide started to turn in favour of the allies and in March 1814, Paris fell. Napoleon went into exile on the Mediterranean island of Elba. In March 1815 he escaped and marched on the French capital. The Battle of Waterloo ended his brief second reign. The British imprisoned him on the remote Atlantic island of St Helena, where he died on 5 May 1821.
A Beautiful Chisselled Silver 'Eared' Dagger, Chisselled Hilt and Scabbard 19th century. Beautiful carving with gold koftgari on the blade. A stunning little dagger of very fine quality from the Ottoman Empire. 24cm long overall
A Beautiful Early 19th Century American Folk Art Pen Work Walking Stick Later mounted in England with a staghorn handle with a silver hallmarked collar made in Sheffield silver in 1904. The scene is beautifully done and highly intricate. It depicts a brick built house, within a garden of pine trees and a great tree. The scene also has mounted huntsmen, coming past the house, with whips and chasing a fox or a wolf with hounds. There is also a walking, pipe smoking figure, and a man holding an iron pronged capture device, and a dog walking from a kennel. All the men are wearing Shakos.
A Beautiful Early Samurai Katana, Koto Era Circa 1500 Showing traces of a fabulous, and intricate fine and very deep hamon. A suite of matching iron Higo school mounts, inlaid with thin curlicue lines of silver and soft metal. Shi-shi lion dog minuki. Red and black speckled saya in original Edo period lacquer. Unusual and very attractive, original Edo era two colour Tsuke wrap. This sword has been most gently and sypathetically cleaned by our conservator, as it had likely been untouched and stored for nigh on 150 years or more. Every effort has been made to remove accumulated grime but to highlight all the fine detail and to keep it's natural and original Edo period 'feel' and condition. 40 inches long approx overall in saya
A Beautiful Fine Quality Napoleonic Wars Era Continental Dragoon Pistol With fine walnut stock, steel barrel, brass forend barrel band and brass furniture. Very similar to the French Royal and Imperial style and very possibly Austrian. Percussion conversion action to enhance it's performance and to increase it's working life into the 19th century. The Austrian cavalry consisted of cuirassiers, dragoons, chevaulegeres (light dragoons), hussars and uhlans. They were excellent swordsman and horsemen, well-trained and well-mounted and enjoyed great reputation in Europe. For French cavalry officer, de Brack, the Hungarian hussars were some of "the best European cavalry." Sir Wilson wrote about the Austrian cavalry: "... both cuirassiers and hussars are superb". Anoher British observer described their cuirassiers in 1814 in Paris as "outstanding". According to "The Armies of Europe": "The [Austrian] cavalry is excellent. The heavy or "German" cavalry, consisting of Germans and Bohemians is well horsed, well armed, and always efficient. The light cavalry has, perhaps, lost by mixing up the German chevau-légers with the Polish lancers, but its Hungarian hussars will always remain the models of all light cavalry." Possibly used at such great battlews such as Austerlitz. The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, where the French Empire effectively crushed the Third Coalition. On 2 December 1805 (20 November Old Style, 11 Frimaire An XIV, in the French Republican Calendar), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting. The battle took place near Austerlitz (Slavkov u Brna) about 10 km south-east of Brno in Moravia, at that time in the Austrian Empire. The battle was a tactical masterpiece of the same stature as the ancient battles of Gaugamela and Cannae, in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Napoleon's words to his troops after the battle were full of praise: Soldats! Je suis content de vous ( Soldiers! I am pleased with you). The Emperor provided two million golden francs to the higher officers and 200 francs to each soldier, with large pensions for the widows of the fallen. Orphaned children were adopted by Napoleon personally and were allowed to add "Napoleon" to their baptismal and family names. This battle is one of four that Napoleon never awarded a victory title, the others being Marengo, Jena and Friedland
A Beautiful German Light Cavalry Sabre, Model of 1852, by Claubers Solingen Used in the Franco Prussian War and the Siege of Paris. Blade with cutler`s stamp of W. Claubers, Solingen, regulation iron hilt with finely pierced honeysuckle pattern guard, wire-bound fishskin grip, and original iron scabbard with minor contact bruising. Overall in very good condition . The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War[7] (19 July 1870—10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, while Prussia was backed by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria. The complete Prussian and German victory brought about the final unification of the German Empire under King William I of Prussia. It also marked the downfall of Napoleon III and the end of the Second French Empire, which was replaced by the Third Republic. As part of the settlement, almost all of the territory of Alsace-Lorraine was taken by Prussia to become a part of Germany, which it would retain until the end of World War I. The conflict was a culmination of years of tension between the two powers, which finally came to a head over the issue of a Hohenzollern candidate for the vacant Spanish throne, following the deposition of Isabella II in 1868. The public release of the Ems Dispatch, which played up alleged insults between the Prussian king and the French ambassador, inflamed public opinion on both sides. France mobilized, and on 19 July declared war on Prussia only, but the other German states quickly joined on Prussia's side. Over a five-month campaign, the German armies defeated the newly recruited French armies in a series of battles fought across northern France. Following a prolonged siege, Paris fell on 28 January 1871. The siege is also notable due to the fact that it saw the first use of anti-aircraft artillery, a Krupp piece built specifically to shoot down the hot air balloons being used by the French as couriers. Ten days earlier, the German states had proclaimed their union under the Prussian King, uniting Germany as a nation-state, the German Empire. The final peace Treaty of Frankfurt was signed 10 May 1871, during the time of the bloody Paris Commune of 1871.
A Beautiful Graf Zeppelin Frame with Original 1936 Olympics Photo Card A beautiful easel mounted picture frame in florid relief patterned britannia metal, with a portrait bust in relief of Graf Zeppelin. It displays a Berlin stamped photo card of the Olympice rings in Berlin in 1936. A fantastic piece of 1930's German Olympic memorablia.
A Beautiful Japanese Katana of Hojo Clan, By Hishu Ju Kanehisa, Koto Period A most beautiful Koto period sword, made around 1450 to 1500. Very fine lacquer saya of the Hojo family dragon in clouds. The fushi of patinated copper fully decorated with nanako bears the triple triangle clan mon, in multiples, of the Hojo clan, it also bears within it a concealed inner liner than could be used to hide small documents or secret communications. Koto iron sukashi tsuba with shakudo mimi [rim]. Gold covered habaki, carved buffalo horn kashira and dragon menuki. The legend of the origin of the Hojo mon says that Tokimasa Hojo (1138-1215) came into a cave on Enoshima, an island south of modern Tokyo where he prayed that his descendants would be prosperous. The dragon god who dwelt in that cave granted him his wish, leaving behind 3 of his scales. These are the scales that are represented in the three triangles of the “Triforce” of the Hojo. Hojo Soun was the first head of the Late Hojo clan [1493-1590] one of the major powers in Japan's Sengoku period. Born Ise Moritoki, he was originally known as Ise Shinkuro, a samurai of Taira lineage from a reputable family of Shogunate officials. Although he only belonged to a side branch of the main, more prestigious Ise family, he fought his way up, gaining territory and changing his name in imitation of the illustrious Hojo. Traditionally Soun held a reputation of a ronin who rose to power almost overnight in Kanto; however, he belonged to a prestigious family in the direct employment of the Ashikaga shoguns, and enjoyed important family connections. His sister was married to Imagawa Yoshitada, a major daimyo from a prestigious cadet branch of the Ashikaga family. Shinkuro became a retainer in the Imagawa clan, and when Yoshitada died in battle in 1476, Shinkuro mediated the succession dispute between supporters of Yoshitada's son Imagawa Ujichika and Yoshitada's cousin, Oshika Norimitsu. This proved a temporary peace. When Norimitsu again attempted to gain control of the Imagawa clan, S?un came to Ujichika's defense, killing Norimitsu. Soun was rewarded by Ujichika with Kokukuji castle. He gained control of Izu Province in 1493, avenging a wrong committed by a member of the Ashikaga family which held the shogunate. With S?un's successful invasion in Izu province, he is credited by most historians as being the first "Sengoku Daimyo". About 1475, under the cognomen of Ise Shinkuro, he worked for Imagawa, the constable of Suruga Province, and eventually became an "independent leader" with a number of warriors joining him. In 1491, he was able to take Horigoye after the death of Kanto Kubo Ashikaga Masatomo died, gaining control of Izu Province. He then adopted the surname of Hojo and the given name of Soun or Sozui. After building a stronghold at Nirayama, Hojo Soun secured Odawara Castle in 1494, the castle which would become the center of the Hojo family's domains for nearly a century. In an act of treachery, he seized the castle after arranging for its lord to be murdered while out hunting. In 1516, he laid siege to the castle of Arai, and "was virtual master of all Sagami." Soun died the following year, and passed on the newly built Hojo domains to his son Ujitsuna, who subsequently changed the clan name from the original Ise to Hojo and posthumously renamed his father to Hojo Soun. In 1521, Ujitsuna built Soun-ji temple dedicated to his father. The third siege of Odawara occurred in 1590, and was the primary action in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to eliminate the Hojo clan as a threat to his power. The months leading up to it saw hasty but major improvements in the defense of the castle, as Hideyoshi's intentions became clear. The massive army of Toyotomi Hideyoshi surrounded the castle in what has been called "the most unconventional siege lines in samurai history." The defenders slept on the ramparts with their arquebuses and armour; despite their smaller numbers, they discouraged Hideyoshi from attacking. After three months, the Hojo surrendered, facing overwhelming numbers and, presumably, an impending shortage of food and supplies. Tokugawa Ieyasu, one of Hideyoshi's top generals, was given the Hojo lands. Though Hideyoshi could not have guessed it at the time, this would turn out to be a great stepping-stone towards Tokugawa's attempts at conquest and the office of Shogun. Overall37 inches long in saya, blade 26.5 inches long tsuba to tip.
A Beautiful Japanese Shibayama Dragon Edo Tanto With a 500 Year Old Blade Worthy of any museum collection of Japanese fine art. Similar examples of Japanese Shibayama can be seen in the great museum collections such as the Metropolitan Museum, and the British Museum. A spectacular piece demonstrating the skill of the Edo Japanese carved ivory artisans. Fully decorated with finest carved ivory, mother of pearl and horn, dragons and insects in full takibori relief. The Shibayama technique is one of Japan's greatest and most valuable high quality art forms and was named after Shibayama Dosho, who introduced it in Japan in the 18th century. It was used exclusively on items for import to the West. Shibayama artists inlaid with microscopic pieces of inlay, elaborately carved and on a ground of lacquer, to stand out in relief. Blade, Koto period, circa 1500. More photos to add. Signed kodzuka by kunisada, with hilt of a figure beneath a parasol holding a ken sword in pure gold décor. The blade is as beautiful as one would expect for such a stunning piece. 23 inches long overall
A Beautiful Javanese Kris With Pure Gold Snake God Symbol Onlaid On of the most beautiful we have seen. A sarpa lumarka wavy blade with a gold Naga [snake] in sangkelat [13 waves, or lok]. Ladrang form of wrangka hilt crosspiece [boat form] of a simply stunning wood, which may be Javan pelet. In Java, the metal sleeve is called pendokbunton, which is a full metal sleeve. The keris is considered a magical weapon, filled with great spiritual power. In Javanese there is a term "Tosan Aji" or "Magic Metal" used to describe the keris. The keris is replete with the totems of Malay-Indonesian culture of hindu and islam. The blade is a mixture of meteoric steel and nickel According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart
A Beautiful Koto Period Damyo's Tachi Original Edo Tokugawa Koshirae With a stunning polished blade around 530 years old. Bearing the clan mon of the Tokugawa, superb edo nishiji pure gold lacquer decorated with gold ho-oo pheonix and kiri mon. With a very fine gold inlaid iron tsuba of traditional tachi form, all Edo period fittings. A tachi was a type of traditionally made Japanese sword (nihonto) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan. The tachi style of swords preceded the development of the katana — the first use of the word katana to indicate a blade different from tachi appears toward the end of the twelfth century. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors of what became the ruling class would wear their sword tachi-style (edge-downward), rather than with the saya (scabbard) thrust through the belt with the edge upward. The bakuhan taisei was the feudal political system in the Edo period of Japan. Baku, or "tent," is an abbreviation of bakufu, meaning "military government" — that is, the shogunate. The han were the domains headed by daimyo. Vassals held inherited lands and provided military service and homage to their lords. The Bakuhan Taisei split feudal power between the shogunate in Edo and provincial domains throughout Japan. Provinces had a degree of sovereignty and were allowed an independent administration of the Han in exchange for loyalty to the Shogun, who was responsible for foreign relations and national security. The shogun and lords were all daimyo: feudal lords with their own bureaucracies, policies, and territories. The Shogun also administered the most powerful han, the hereditary fief of the House of Tokugawa. Each level of government administered its own system of taxation. The Shogun had the military power of Japan and was more powerful than the emperor, who was a religious and political leader. The shogunate had the power to discard, annex, and transform domains. The sankin kotai system of alternative residence required each daimyo would reside in alternate years between the han and attendance in Edo. In their absence from Edo it was also required that they leave family as hostages until their return. The huge expenditure sankin-kotai imposed on each han helped centralize aristocratic alliances and ensured loyalty to the Shogun as each representative doubled as a potential hostage. Tokugawa's descendants further ensured loyalty by maintaining a dogmatic insistence on loyalty to the Shogun. Fudai daimyo were hereditary vassals of Ieyasu, as well as of his descendants. Tozama, or "outsiders", became vassals of Ieyasu after the battle of Sekigahara. Shinpan, or "relatives", were collaterals of Tokugawa Hidetada. Early in the Edo period, the shogunate viewed the tozama as the least likely to be loyal; over time, strategic marriages and the entrenchment of the system made the tozama less likely to rebel. In the end, it was the great tozama of Satsuma, Choshu and Tosa and to a lesser extent Hizen that brought down the shogunate. These four states are called the Four Western Clans or Satchotohi for short. The number of han (roughly 250) fluctuated throughout the Edo period. They were ranked by size, which was measured as the number of koku that the domain produced each year. One koku was the amount of rice necessary to feed one adult male for one year. The minimum number for a daimyo was ten thousand koku; the largest, apart from the shogun, was a million. 42.5 inches long overall in saya, blade inches long tsuba to tip
A Beautiful Koto Period Japanese Katana, Circa 1550 This is a relatively quiet sword or as the Japanese say, shibui. With a beautiful blade that has an emphatic sugaha hamon, of boldness and distinction yet subtle simplicity. The fushi kashira are Edo, circa 1750, sentoku [brass copper alloy] and delightfully hand carved with immense quality and skill of master quality. The menuki are of dragon. The Tsuba is very fine, early Edo period, in iron with a hammered simulated stone finish, with small flying geese with gold beaks. The iron tsuba plate is nicely signed. The saya is black with a blue tinged crushed abilone shell background. The Tsuka ito is a beautiful mid blue colour, in silk. This is an ideal sword for a collector who admires beauty in it's simplicity, without extravagence, but of supreme quality, and with much age. A sword that has given fine service for over 450 years yet looks as if it was made yesterday. Such subtlety, such quality. 34.5 inches long overall in saya
A Beautiful Late Koto Katana With A Deep Curvature Blade Showing a highly elaborate hamon with extravagent activity. The tsuba is iron, koto period in wheel spoke lobed form with brass outlines. Higo iron mounts and golden dragon menuki wrapped in mid blue silk ito. The saya has a sang de boef ground with dark speckling and gold flecks. Unsigned tang with single mekugi ana. The first use of "katana" as a word to describe a long sword that was different from a tachi is found in the 12th century. These references to "uchigatana" and "tsubagatana" seem to indicate a different style of sword, possibly a less costly sword for lower ranking warriors. The evolution of the tachi into the katana seems to have started during the early Muromachi period (1337 to 1573). Starting around the year 1400, long swords signed with the "katana" signature were made. This was in response to samurai wearing their tachi in what is now called "katana style" (cutting edge up). Japanese smiths often did not like to display their name loudly. Some smiths put only their school's name, with no individual name. For example, such smiths as Ichimonji or Gassan, and of course some others. Their behaviour may indeed come from the principle of true modesty, it is effectively the opposite idea to egotism. In old Japanese, ego is a kind of dirt within the spirit. In medieval Japan, when a smith makes a blade for his god or Buddha, he tries to make his best blade, but will not put his signature on the tang. He refrains from putting his signature on his representation of a holy piece, that he will offer in shrine or temple. When a smith received a command to make an order from a high class lord, he reacts the same way. It is in a manner that it is to respect the sword, but humbling the smith himself. The blade has an area of outer layer thinning on the omote side at the top section.40 inches long overall in saya
A Beautiful Near 500 Year Old Koto Period Tachi, Circa 1500 With a typical narrow sugaha hamon of the Koto period, and the blade is beautifully polished. The blade shows a fascinating, small, steel line insert that is a very ancient and highly skilled surface repair. Expertly achieved and quite remarkable. Most attractive black lacquer saya and gold ito wrap over traditional same with dragon menuki in gilt bronze. Gilded tachi koshirae. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. Tachi are the Samurai swords worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the centre of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these two hangers. Traditionally in the Edo era only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted. This Tachi although mounted in the Edo period fittings, was made before the Edo period. The Edo started with the Tokugawa, who ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The Tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [the tachi wearing Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the Shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them.Imagawa Yoshimoto 1519 -1560) was one of the leading daimyo (feudal lords) in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tokaido region. He was also one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560. The blade has seen considerable combat use with three tiny hagire, thus this is the perfect sword for the collector of history and samurai artistry and beauty in combat, not for a nihonto specialist.
A Beautiful Noble's Antique Sinhalese [Ceylonese] Piha Kaetta Knife Dagger A most engaging ornate pihas and likely made exclusively by the Pattal Hattara (The Four Workshops). They were employed directly by the Kings of Kandy. Kandy, the independent kingdom, was first established by King Wickramabahu (1357–1374 CE). The last Kandyan king was in the early 1800's, and the workshops are no longer in existence today.The simplest are of plain steel, but very graceful form, with wooden or horn handles, and carried in the belt by every villager, to lop off inconvenient branches as he passes through the jungle, to open coconuts, or cut jungle ropes. From these knives there are all transitions to the most elaborate and costly of silver or gold inlaid and overlaid knives worn by the greatest chiefs as a part of the costume, and never intended for use. The workmanship of many of these is most exquisite but this fine work is done rather by the higher craftsmen, the silversmiths and ivory carvers, than by the mere blacksmith. Many of the best knives were doubtless made in the Four Workshops, such as is this example, the blades being supplied to the silversmith by the blacksmiths. "The best of the higher craftsmen (gold and silversmiths, painters, and ivory carvers, etc.) working immediately for the king formed a close, largely hereditary, corporation of craftsmen called the Pattal-hatara (Four Workshops). They were named as follows; The Ran Kadu [Golden Arms], the Abarana [Regalia], the Sinhasana [Lion Throne], and the Otunu [Crown] these men worked only for the King, unless by his express permission (though, of course, their sons or pupils might do otherwise); they were liable to be continually engaged in Kandy, while the Kottal-badda men were divided into relays, serving by turns in Kandy for periods of two months. The Kottal-badda men in each district were under a foreman (mul-acariya) belonging to the Pattal-hatara. Four other foremen, one from each pattala, were in constant attendance at the palace.This beautiful noble's dagger is stunningly decorated with veka deka liya vela [double curve vine motif] and the flower motif sina mal, and a bold vine in damascene silver. The blade is traditonal iron and the hilt beautifully carved horn
A Beautiful Original Edo Period Wakazashi Saya Superbly decorated in multi colour patinated copper soft metal strips. A wonderful high end saya that would compliment any suitable blade that may fit. Small repair required at the throat and opening. 17.75 inches long
A Beautiful Pair "Boutet" French 1st Empire Elite Cavalry Officer's Pistols With superb deluxe Damascus barrels, the expensive deluxe option of private purchase pistols for Napoleon's officer's. Used by a Grande Armee 'Waterloo' officer of Napoleon's elite cavalry. These are finest officer's pistols used by an officer in Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte's service, during the wars in Europe, in the Grande Armee cavalry, against Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Spain. Such as the Battles of Austerlitz, Wagram, and Moscow, the Battles of Wertingen, Marango, Salamanca Badajoz etc. and terminating in the Battle of Waterloo [in the War of the 100 Days] from whence they came as a souvenir by a returning British hussar officer. Typical style of flintlock pistols established by the great Boutet himself, maker to the French King and Emperor Napoleon, and director of arms at Versailles. With his distinctive style of oval, flat butt caps beautifully engraved with the Imperial Napoleonic symbols of a shield over a crossed fasces, with arrow, quiver and club. All steel mounts and the finest octagonal to round Damascus barrels. A stunning pair of pistols from the greatest era in France's history. Napoleon's cavalry consisted of the following regiments: 2 horse carabiniers, 12-15 cuirassiers, 15-30 dragoons, 7-9 lancers, 15-31 chasseurs and 7-14 hussars. Two regiments formed brigade, two brigades formed division and two-five divisions formed corps. In the cavalry served more nobles than in any other branch of the army. Majority of the aristocratic officers left France during Revolution and the overall quality of French cavalry had fallen badly. It was Napoleon who made it as an effective force which would have parity with any enemy. Before the campaigns in 1805 and in 1812 the cavalrymen were intensively trained, supplied with splendid uniforms and horses and armed to teeth. They were enthusiastic and ready to fight. The officers and NCOs were battle hardened veterans. In 1812 Sergeant-Major Thirion described his cuirassiers: "Never had more beautiful cavalry been seen ! Never had the regiments reached such high effectives. And never had cavalry been so well mounted." Until 1812 the French cavalrymen were victorious over everyone they encountered on level above regiment. At Borodino they even captured a redoubt, a feat never repeated by any other cavalry ! Colonel Griois watched the cavalry attack: "It would be difficult to convey our feelings as watched this brilliant feat of arms, perhaps without equal in the military annals of nations … cavalry which we saw leaping over ditches and scrambling up ramparts under a hail of canister shot, and a roar of joy resounded on all sides as they became masters of the redoubt." Meerheimb wrote: "Inside the redoubt, horsemen and foot soldiers, gripped by a frenzy of slaughter, were butchering each other without any semblance of order…" 6.5 inch barrels, both 12 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. In superb condition overall, one barrel bears surface russetting at the offside muzzle end. Later rammers. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Beautiful Pair of Original Antique Native American Cowboy Gauntlets A Beautiful Pair, Circa 1850, from the early 'Wild West Frontier' period. These stunning and rare fringed gauntlets are beautifully embroidered with flowers, florid patterns and a western monogramme, and were likely from the Cree, or the Lakota Sioux tribes of North and South Dakota. The most famous members of the Lakota Sioux were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. In yellow hide [likely buckskin] with long fringing. Excellent condition, small split in base of finger.The style of Gauntlets worn by 'Kit Carson' and his contemporaries. Superb, charming and highly collectable pieces from the old, American, Wild West Frontier. Gauntlets are protective gloves that have a flared cuff. For centuries, these cuffs protected European and Asian bow hunters and military archers from being snapped on the wrist by their bowstrings. Medieval soldiers and knights began wearing chain-mail gauntlets during the 1300s, and armored gauntlets appeared in Europe during the 1400s. Four hundred years later and halfway around the world, leather gauntlets appeared in the American West as military uniform accessories. They were soon appropriated by Indian artists, embellished with diverse ornaments, and incorporated into the civilian wardrobe. Here they became intrinsically linked with Western people, history, and landscape, and a symbol of the frontier. The original European form was reworked with a wild American veneer. Former mountain men -- Jim Bridger and Kit Carson among them -- occasionally worked guiding emigrant trains and military units through little-known country. They also helped track renegades of diverse stripes. These scouts were colorful characters, highly skilled, and not required to maintain a military dress code. Their attire was subsequently functional, comfortable, and drawn from a variety of media and cultural sources. By the 1870s, long and abundant fringe was in style and pinked edges provided decorative flair to leather clothing that was by nature quite showy.A similar pair [though later] of Lakota Sioux gauntlets can be seen in the Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art in the Fenimore Art Museum NY.
A Beautiful Shinto Han Dachi Mounted Katana Circa 1650 All original Shinto period Edo Han-dachi fittings throughout, and untouched since the Edo period, including it's original Edo lacquered saya. Iron tsuba decorated with figures on a mountainside with trees, and with pure gold embellishments. Lacquer on the saya decorated with elegant flowering tendrils. Superb, deep, undulating notare hamon. Under the original Edo wrap are pure gold decorated patinated copper menuki, in the form of dragon with ancient straight ken swords and Vajra [sanskrit thunderbolt sceptres]. Han-dachi originally appeared during the Muromachi period when there was a transition taking place from Tachi to katana. The sword was being worn more and more edge up when on foot, but edge down on horseback as it had always been. The handachi is a response to the need to be worn in either style. The placement of the kurikata, menuki and sometimes the other fittings were altered for a better presentation depending on which side was worn outward most of the time Handachi-Koshirae became popular during the mid-Edo period, and that they were made until the Bakumatsu period. Blade 29 inches long tsuba to tip, overall in saya 40 inches long, tsuka 9.75 inches long.
A Beautiful Shinto Katana Echizen Kuni Shimosaka Sadatsugu Circa 1640 A subtle sword and an absolute beauty, made around the same time as we, in Britain, were experiancing the English Civil War of almost 400 years ago. With patinated copper koshirae fittings of birds feasting of sheaves of corn decorated with gold highlight and a most detailed hand struck nanako ground. A very fine Koto sukashi tsuba on a simulated stone ground iron plate with pierced clan crest mon, and menuki of samurai arrows. The saya is black with crushed abilone shell decoration. The blade has simply amazing activity and the hamon magnificently vibrant. Overall 36 inches long in saya, blade tsuba to tip 24 inches,
A Beautiful Wakizashi Sentoku Kinko Tsuba From The Edo Period Of crashing waves and spray with sea birds flying. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Beautiful, Antique, Long Straight Bladed Executioner's Keris [or Kris] Carved buffalo horn hilt, meteoric metal blade of iron and nickel. Excellent and ancient grain shown in the blade Yearly cleanings, required as part of the spirituality and mythology surrounding the weapon, often left ancient blades worn and thin. The repair materials depended on location and it is quite usual to find a weapon with fittings from several areas. For example, a kris may have a blade from Java, a hilt from Bali and a sheath from Madura.The making of a kris was the specialised duty of metalworkers called empu or pandai besi (lit. "iron-skilled"). In Bali this occupation was preserved by the Pande clan to this day, members of whom also made jewellery. A bladesmith makes the blade in layers of different iron ores and meteorite nickel. Some blades can be made in a relatively short time, while more intricate weapons take years to complete. In high quality kris blades, the metal is folded dozens or hundreds of times and handled with the utmost precision. Empu are highly respected craftsmen with additional knowledge in literature, history, and the occult In many parts of Indonesia, the kris used to be the choice weapon for execution. The executioner's kris has a long, straight, slender blade. The condemned knelt before the executioner, who placed a wad of cotton or similar material on the subject's shoulder or clavicle area. The blade was thrust through the padding, piercing the subclavian artery and the heart. Upon withdrawal, the cotton wiped the blade clean. Death came within seconds. The kris blade is called a wilah or bilah. Kris blades are usually narrow with a wide, asymmetrical base. The kris is famous for its wavy blade; however, the older types of kris dated from the Majapahit era have straight blades. The number of luk or curves on the blade is always odd. Common numbers of luk range from three to thirteen waves, but some blades have up to 29. In contrast to the older straight type, most kris have a wavy blade which is supposed to increase the severity of wounds inflicted upon a victim. During kris stabbing, the wavy blade severs more blood vessels, creating a wider wound which causes the victim to easily bleed to death. According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart The scabbard is damaged but we can repaier this near invisibly.
A Belgian Croix De Guerre Gallantry Medal The croix de guerre is a military decoration of both France and Belgium, where it is also known as the Oorlogskruis (Dutch). It was first created in 1915 in both countries and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The croix de guerre was also commonly bestowed to foreign military forces allied to France and Belgium.The croix de guerre may either be bestowed as a unit award or to individuals who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with enemy forces. The medal is also awarded to those who have been "mentioned in despatches", meaning a heroic deed was performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit. The unit award of the croix de guerre was issued to military commands who performed heroic deeds in combat and were subsequently recognized by headquarters.
A Berlin Olympic Zeppelin Tray Showing the 1936 Olympics Transatlanic Route From Germany to America and Back. A good size serving trasy or dish 30cm across. Made in hand beaten German hallmarked silver 835 grade in the form of scalloped shell. Made to celebrate the record braking summer Olympic Games season of the Zeppelin Hindenburg in 1936. LZ 129 Hindenburg (Luftschiff Zeppelin #129; Registration: D-LZ 129) was a large German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship, the lead ship of the Hindenburg class, the longest class of flying machine and the largest airship by envelope volume. Designed and built by the Zeppelin Company (Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH) on the shores of the Bodensee (Lake Constance) in Friedrichshafen, the airship flew from March 1936 until destroyed by fire 14 months later on May 6, 1937, at the end of the first North American transatlantic journey of its second season of service. Thirty-six people died in the accident, which occurred while landing at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in Manchester Township, New Jersey, United States. Hindenburg was named after the late Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), President of Germany (1925–1934). The Hindenburg made 17 round trips across the Atlantic Ocean in 1936, its first and only full year of service, with ten trips to the United States and seven to Brazil. In July 1936, the airship also completed a record Atlantic double crossing in five days, 19 hours and 51 minutes. Among the famous passengers who travelled on the airship was German heavyweight boxing champion Max Schmeling, who returned home on the Hindenburg to a hero's welcome after knocking out Joe Louis in New York on June 19, 1936. During the 1936 season the airship flew 191,583 miles (308,323 km), carried 2,798 passengers, and transported 160 tons of freight and mail, a level of success that encouraged the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin Company to plan the expansion of its airship fleet and transatlantic services. The airship was reportedly so stable that a pen or pencil could be stood on a table without falling. Its launches were so smooth that passengers often missed them, believing that the airship was still docked to its mooring mast. The cost of one way passage between Germany and the United States was US$400, an especially considerable sum in the Depression era. Hindenburg passengers were generally affluent, including many public figures, entertainers, noted sportsmen, political figures, and leaders of industry. The Hindenburg was used again for propaganda purposes when it flew over the Olympic Stadium in Berlin on August 1 during the opening ceremonies of the 1936 Summer Olympic Games. Shortly before the arrival of Adolf Hitler to declare the Games open, the airship crossed low over the packed stadium while trailing the Olympic flag on a long weighted line suspended from its gondola. Olympiafahrt 1936 (Berlin) flown Hindenburg cover. Weight approx 22 oz Troy.
A Better Than Superb 2nd 'North British' Dragoons 1796 Heavy Cavalry Pistol Peninsular War and Waterloo issue. Possibly for an officer, in excellent plus order, and with a very good 'tight as a drum' action.10 bore barrel with finest walnut stock [superbly chequered] Tower proved and ordnance crown inspection stamped, with an unusual New Land pattern ramrod with retaining spring under the ramrod pipe. Regimentaly marked for the 2nd North British Dragoons [known as the world famous 'Scots Greys'] on the trigger guard.The scarcest and most sought after British military flintlock pistol of the Napoleonic Wars. Made at England's most famous armoury, The Tower [of London] Armoury, in the reign of King George IIIrd Circa 1802. Due to its regimental marking, and it's date of manufacture, we are as certain as one can be in the circumstances that this gun was very likely indeed actually used in the world famous 'Charge of the Scot's Greys' at Waterloo, June 1815. In 1796 a Board of General Officer's met to charge Henry Nock to design and develop a Heavy Dragoon pistol of Carbine bore. He came up with a heavy 9 inch barrel flintlock pistol, with no brass butt cap, and a separate steel rammer to be stored on the holster [saddle bucket] rather than creating a standard channel underneath it's barrel as in the light dragoon pistol. Only one pistol to be issued to each trooper, as opposed to the light cavalry trooper being issued with a brace [pair]. Subsequent to 1801, the pistols made thereafter were to receive the rammer under the barrel within a channel, on occasion to be retained by an internal spring. The bores initially were to be 16 bore, but they were changed to 14.5 bore and then 10 bore, the same as the Brown Bess musket. The bore size increase was likely due to the fact that the opposing French Heavy Cavalry were armoured [unlike the British] and carbine bore calibre pistols were simply not powerful enough [within the mass inertia of the lead ball] to penetrate plate armour. This is the pattern of pistol used by all the great Heavy Dragoon regiments, such as the Royal North British Dragoons, The Inniskillin Dragoons. The 1796 Heavy Dragoon pattern pistols [as were all other patterns] were supplied to the British ordnance by many makers, as manufacture by the Tower was relatively slow, but during the Napoleonic Wars, need for arms was far greater than supply. The two heavy cavalry brigades called the Household Brigade and the Union Brigade saw famous service at the peak of the Battle of Waterloo, and most famously just before 2.00pm. At this crucial juncture, Uxbridge ordered his two brigades of British heavy cavalry, formed unseen behind a ridge, to charge in support of the hard-pressed infantry. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English, the 1st (The Royals); a Scottish, 2nd ('Scots Greys'); and an Irish, 6th (Inniskilling); regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. They were, however, inferior to the French in maneuvering in large formations, cavalier in attitude, and unlike the infantry had scant experience of warfare. According to Wellington, they had little tactical ability or common sense. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with Uxbridge leading them and little reserve. The Household Brigade charged down the hill in the centre of the battlefield. The cuirassiers guarding d'Erlon's left flank were still dispersed, and so were swept over the deeply sunken main road and then routed. The sunken lane acted as a trap which funneled the flight of the French cavalry to their own right, away from the British cavalry. Some of the cuirassiers then found themselves hemmed in by the steep sides of the sunken lane, with a confused mass of their own infantry in front of them, the 95th Rifles firing at them from the north side of the lane, and Somerset's heavy cavalry still pressing them from behind. The novelty of fighting armoured foes impressed the British cavalrymen, as was recorded by the commander of the Household Brigade. The blows of the sabres on the cuirasses sounded like braziers at work." —Lord Somerset, Continuing their attack, the squadrons on the left of the Household Brigade then destroyed Aulard's brigade. Despite attempts to recall them, however, they continued past La Haye Sainte and found themselves at the bottom of the hill on blown horses facing Schmitz's brigade formed in squares. To their left, the Union Brigade suddenly swept through the infantry lines (giving rise to the legend that some of the 92nd Gordon Highland Regiment clung onto their stirrups and accompanied them into the charge). From the centre leftwards, the Royal Dragoons destroyed Bourgeois' brigade, capturing the eagle of the 105th Ligne. The Inniskillings routed the other brigade of Quoit's division, and the Greys destroyed most of Nogue's brigade, capturing the eagle of the 45th Ligne. On Wellington's extreme left, Durutte's division had time to form squares and fend off groups of Greys. As with the Household Cavalry, the officers of the Royals and Inniskillings found it very difficult to rein back their troops, who lost all cohesion. James Hamilton, commander of the Greys (who were supposed to form a reserve) ordered a continuation of the charge to the French grande batterie. Though the Greys had neither the time nor means to disable the cannon or carry them off, they put very many out of action as the gun crews fled the battlefield. Napoleon promptly responded by ordering a counter-attack by the cuirassier brigades of Farine and Travers and Jaquinot's two lancer regiments in the I Corps light cavalry division. The result was very heavy losses for the British cavalry The Union Brigade lost heavily in both officers and men killed (including its commander, William Ponsonby, and Colonel Hamilton of the Scots Greys) and wounded. The 2nd Life Guards and the King's Dragoon Guards of the Household Brigade also lost heavily (with Colonel Fuller, commander of the King's DG, killed). However, the 1st Life Guards, on the extreme right of the charge, and the Blues, who formed a reserve, had kept their cohesion and consequently suffered significantly fewer casualties. A counter-charge, by British and Dutch light dragoons and hussars on the left wing and Dutch carabiniers in the centre, repelled the French cavalry. Wellington remarked; "Our officers of cavalry have acquired a trick of galloping at everything. They never consider the situation, never think of maneuvering before an enemy, and never keep back or provide a reserve." . The chequering on the butt would indicate, either, it was carried by an officer and he was permitted to chequer the butt for additional grip and to set it apart from a trooper's pistol. Or, was was chequered later when the gun was retired from service.
A Big and Sprauncy 1796 Trooper's Light Dragoon Battle Sword All overall blackened patinated finish, leather grip. Smal combat cut to leading top edge and one or two defensive parrys to the back edge. Makers stamp at the forte back edge, possibly Osborn, with part struck ordnance inspectors stamp to blade. A great swash buckling beauty of a combat sword, with no frills or fancy details, just standard regulation issue to British troopers in the late 1790's and used to incredible effect in combat in the Napoleonic Wars, the Peninsular campaign and Waterloo. Used by the great iconic front rank regiments such as the 10th, 13th & 15th Light Dragoons. An amazingly effective sword of good and fine combat quality. British Light dragoons were first raised in the 18th century. Initially they formed part of a cavalry regiment (scouting, reconnaissance etc), but due to their successes in this role, (and also in charging and harassing the enemy), they soon acquired a reputation for courage and skill. Whole regiments dedicated to this role were soon raised; the 15th Light Dragoons 1759 were the first, followed by the 18th Light Dragoons and the 19th Light Dragoons. The 13th Light Dragoons were initially heavy dragoons known as Richard Munden’s Regiment of Dragoons 1715. By 1751 the regiment title was simplified to the 13th Regiment of Dragoons and by 1783 had been converted to the light role. In 1796 a new form of sabre was designed by a brave and serving officer, Le Marchant. Le Marchant commanded the cavalry squadron during the Flanders campaign against the French (1793-94). Taking notice of comments made to him by an Austrian Officer describing British Troopers swordplay as "reminiscent of a farmer chopping wood", he designed a new light cavalry sword to improve the British cavalryman's success. It was adopted by the Army in 1797 and was used for 20 years. Le Marchant was highly praised by many for his superb design and he further developed special training and exercise regimes. King George IIIrd was especially impressed and learnt them all by heart and encouraged their use throughout the cavalry corps. For a reward Le Marchant was promoted to Lt Colonel and given command of the 7th Light Dragoons. He soon realized that the course for educating the officers in his own regiment would spread no further in the Army without suitably trained instructors. His vision was to educate officers at a central military college and train them in the art of warfare. Despite many objections and prejudices by existing powerful members of the establishment, he gained the support of the Duke of York in establishing the Royal Military College, later to become the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst and the Army Staff College. In 1804 Le Marchant received the personal thanks of King George who said "The country is greatly indebted to you." In 1811, when nearing completion of this task, he was removed from his post as Lieutenant Governor of the College by Lord Wellington to command the heavy cavalry in the Peninsula. Appointed as Major General, he arrived in Lisbon fifteen days after leaving Portsmouth. On 22nd July 1812, Lord Wellington and the Allied Army of 48,500 men and 60 cannon were situated at Salamanca, Spain, against the French Commander Marshal Marmont. Wellington had ordered his baggage trains westwards to provide a covering force in the event of a full scale retreat, however Marmont mistakenly took the movement to be the retreat of the Army itself and ordered eight divisions of Infantry and a cavalry division westwards in an attempt to outflank the retreat. Wellington on seeing the enemy's army now spread out over four miles and therefore losing it's positional advantage, ordered the full attack. Le Marchant, at the head of one thousand British cavalry rode at a gallop towards the surprised French infantrymen, who had no time to form squares, and reduced their numbers greatly. The Heavy Brigade had received thorough training under Le Marchant and on reforming their lines charged repeatedly, until five battalions of the French left wing had been destroyed. After twenty minutes, in the final charge, Le Marchant fell from his horse having received a fatal musket shot and General Packenham who watched the attack later remarked " the fellow died sabre in hand…giving the most princely example". Two days later, he was buried, in his military cloak, near an olive grove where he had fallen. Aged forty-six John Le Marchant was buried on the field of battle, however, a monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral, London. The survival today of this sword is a testament to the now little known British hero, who, in many ways transformed the way that cavalry sword combat, and many military tactics were conducted for many decades after his valorous death. His fearsome sabre was, it is said, so feared by the French that protests were submitted to the British government stating that it was simply too gruesome for use in civilized warfare.
A Boer War Pair, Defence of Ladysmith, Elandslaagte 42nd Battery RFA Queens medal with 3 bars, the highly desireable bar the Defence of Ladysmith, the Belfast bar and the rare bar, Elandslaagte. The Kings medal has two standard bars, 1901 and 1902. Gunner C.R.McGill. These medals are well worthy of research as the Royal Field Artillery saw most gallant service in the defence, and that event is one of the most famous and significant of the whole Boer War. The 42nd was in Ladysmith when Sir George White arrived in Natal and along with the 21st Battery did excellent work at Elandslaagte, 21st October 1899 (see 1st Devons). Their services at Lombard's Kop or Ladysmith, 30th October, like those of Sir George White's other batteries, were invaluable, and prevented a check from being a defeat. 'The Times' historian has laid the greatest possible stress on this point, and undoubtedly Britain owed very much to the six batteries RFA engaged that day. Before the naval guns had arrived the little 15-pounders had actually pushed in under the nose of the 100-lb monster on Pepworth Hill, and had driven his workers from his side. The value of their services was freely acknowledged by Sir George White. After the siege commenced the artillery had plenty to do. On 3rd November the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were sent out and again earned praise. On the day of the great attack the 21st was at Range Post to prevent reinforcements reaching the enemy from the west, and with the 42nd were "of great assistance in keeping down the violence of the enemy's fire from Mounted Infantry Hill". The 53rd took up a position on Klip River Flats, absolutely unconcerned by the huge projectiles hurtling from Bulwana; and they did much to ensure the enemy's defeat, "shelling the south-east portion of Ceesar's Camp with great effect and inflicting very heavy losses on the enemy "(Sir George White's despatch). Major Blewitt was mentioned in Sir George White's despatches of 2nd December 1899 and 23rd March 1900, and 1 other officer, 5 non-commissioned officers, and a trumpeter—all of the 21st —in that of 23rd March, In General Buller's northern advance the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were again much in evidence, and frequently earned commendation. In Lord Robert's telegram of 24th August 1900, speaking of an attempted ambush, he said, "These guns [the enemy's] were silenced by a section of the 21st Battery under Lieutenant Hannay, and the trap failed". At Bergendal, 27th August (see 2nd Rifle Brigade), the Brigade Division again did well and was praised by General Buller, the 42nd being specially mentioned on this occasion. In Lord Roberts' despatch of 10th October 1900, para 35, the very skilful work of this Brigade Division was again recognised. In General Buller's final despatch 2 officers and 3 non-commissioned officers of the 21st were mentioned. In the second phase of the war this battery chiefly operated in the Eastern Transvaal. One section did excellent service with Colonel Benson in 1901. The Sergeant Major was mentioned in Lord Kitchener's despatch of 8th July 1901. Both medals are sleepers with wear overall and some denting. No ribbons.
A British 'Great Game' Period Sikh Bronze Medal. The Tibet Campaign 1903-4 Medal direct from the period of 'The Great Game'. "The Great Game" was the strategic rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia. The classic Great Game period is generally regarded as running approximately from the Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. A less intensive phase followed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. In the post-Second World War post-colonial period, the term has continued in use to describe the geopolitical machinations of the Great Powers and regional powers as they vie for geopolitical power and influence in the area. The term "The Great Game" is usually attributed to Arthur Conolly (1807–1842), an intelligence officer of the British East India Company's 6th Bengal Light Cavalry. It was introduced into mainstream consciousness by British novelist Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim (1901). The British under direction of Viceroy Lord George Curzon launched the Younghusband expedition in 1903 under the strong perception that Russia had been meddling in Tibet in order to gain dominance in the region as a means to use Tibet as a gateway to threaten Britain’s imperial colony of India. Although this perception proved false in the end, the decision and judgement was built up primarily out of the Viceroy’s own suspicions and experiences with Russia’s Asiatic policies. Through the expedition Curzon also sought to establish a definitive northern border with Tibet so that British India could properly fortify its frontier and to make sure that the agreed borders would be respected. Free trade between Tibet and British India was also sought to be opened through the expedition which would seek the opening of the Chumbi route to Lhasa. Lastly, the expedition was spurred out of European curiosities for the Tibet region that had been shrouded in mystery due to the isolationist policies imposed by both Tibet and its Chinese suzerain. The expedition fought its way to Gyantse and eventually reached Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, in August 1904. The Dalai Lama had fled to safety, first in Mongolia and later in China, but thousands of Tibetans armed with antiquated muzzle-loaders and swords had been mown down by modern rifles and Maxim machine guns while attempting to block the British advance. At Lhasa, the Commission forced remaining low-level Tibetan officials to sign the Treaty of Lhasa (1904), before withdrawing to Sikkim in September, with the understanding the Chinese government would not permit any other country to interfere with the administration of Tibet. Awarded to Cooly ???? Khan of the Supply and Transport Corps.
A British Army WW1 Gallantry Medal, The ' Military Medal For Bravery in The Field ' Awarded in January 1917 to Acting Corporal W. Broughton 9th (Service) Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment [Gazetted 16 Jan 1917]. The 9th was raised at Preston in September 1914 as part of Kitchener's Third New Army and joined 74th Brigade, 25th Division. The new division assembled in the area around Salisbury for training. The 9th Loyals moved to billets in Christchurch in December, then to Southbourne in January. In May they moved to Romsey and to Aldershot for final training in June. They proceeded to to France on the 26th of September 1915, landing at Boulogne, the division concentrating in the area of Nieppe. Their first action was in defence of the German attack on Vimy Ridge in May 1916. They then moved to The Somme and joined the Battle just after the main attack, with 75th Brigade making a costly attack near Thiepval on the 3rd of July. The Division was in action at The Battle of Bazentin, The Battle of Pozieres and The Battle of the Ancre Heights. In 1917 they were in action at The Battle of Messines attacking between the Wulverghem-Messines and Wulverghem-Wytschaete roads. In the Third battle of Ypres were were in action during The Battle of Pilkem. In 1918 they were in action on The Somme and in the Battles of the Lys. On the 21st of June 1918 they formed 2nd Composite Battalion with the 8th Border Regiment and transferred to 50th (Northumbrian) Division. On the 12th of August 1918 the battalion was disbanded in France. The Battle of the Somme (French: Bataille de la Somme, German: Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire. It took place between 1 July and 18 November 1916 on both sides of the River Somme in France. The battle was one of the largest of World War I, in which more than 1,000,000 men were wounded or killed, making it one of humanity's bloodiest battles. A Franco-British commitment to an offensive on the Somme had been made during Allied discussions at Chantilly, Oise in December 1915. The Allies agreed upon a strategy of combined offensives against the Central Powers in 1916, by the French, Russian, British and Italian armies, with the Somme offensive as the Franco-British contribution. The main part of the offensive was to be made by the French Army, supported on the northern flank by the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). When the German Army began the Battle of Verdun on the Meuse on 21 February 1916, many French divisions intended for the Somme were diverted and the supporting attack by the British became the principal effort. The first day on the Somme was a serious defeat for the German Second Army, which was forced out of its first line of defence by the French Sixth Army, from Foucaucourt-en-Santerre south of the Somme to Maricourt on the north bank and by the British Fourth Army from Maricourt to the vicinity of the Albert–Bapaume road. 1 July 1916 was also the worst day in the history of the British Army, which had c.?60,000 casualties, mainly on the front between the Albert–Bapaume road and Gommecourt, where the attack failed disastrously and few British troops reached the German front line. The British Army on the Somme was a mixture of the remains of the pre-war regular army, the Territorial Force and the Kitchener Army, which was composed of Pals battalions, recruited from the same places and occupations, whose losses had a profound social impact in Britain. The battle is notable for the importance of air power and the first use of the tank. At the end of the battle, British and French forces had penetrated 6 miles (9.7 km) into German-occupied territory, taking more ground than any offensive since the Battle of the Marne in 1914. The Anglo-French armies failed to capture Péronne and were still 3 miles (4.8 km) from Bapaume, where the German armies maintained their positions over the winter. British attacks in the Ancre valley resumed in January 1917 and forced the Germans into local withdrawals to reserve lines in February, before the scheduled retirement to the Siegfriedstellung (Hindenburg Line) began in March.
A British Art Nouveau Letter Opener Engraved with An Airship From the 1910's to WW1 period. Bearing a blue stone it the handle. Silver plated over brass. A most attractive piece of gentlemans deskware.
A British General Service Medal with Northern Ireland Bar. Unnamed.
A British Pattern 1863 Whitworth Rifle Sword Bayonet – Ultra Rare The Holy Grail to bayonet collectors. A superb condition Enfield manufactured yataghan bladed, British pattern 1863 Whitworth Rifle sword bayonet, with frog, used by the British Army & the US Civil War, Confederate States Army. A hugely desireable collectors piece on both sides of the Atlantic. This is a rare, original sabre bayonet for the artillery model of the Whitworth rifle, and only a mere 8200 were ever made, a positively tiny quantity in the world of bayonet production. It is almost identical to the standard 2 band Enfield sabre bayonet, except the spring rifle bar mount takes the circular lug that is unique to the Whitworth. The blade is full-length at 22-3/4ths inches with a superb even smooth tone all over. On the right side of the blade is an "E" over a number inspection mark. The crossgaurd also has a number stamped. The original pressed leather handle is present and all the steel has overall salt and pepper pitting throughout. On the end of the grip it has the original retainer spring that was designed to keep the bayonet locked in place on the end of the rifle. The bayonet is accompanied by the original leather and metal scabbard and it's frog. The scabbard is 100% complete that shows natural surface age pitting. This is a rare, solid, Whitworth pattern sabre bayonet with the original scabbard that displays very well. Sir Joseph Whitworth, one of the premier inventors and firearms designers of his era, manufactured his singular rifle in Manchester, England. It fired a unique, hard metal, hexagonal-sided bullet with a very long aspect ratio (.445 inches by 1.45 inches, or 2½ times its diameter) that gave it superior ballistic performance at extended ranges. In order to give his long bullet the same 530-grain weight as that of the Enfield, Sir Joseph reduced the caliber to .451. Seventy to eight-five grains of British-manufactured powder launched the bullet at twelve hundred to fourteen hundred feet per second, considerably faster than the Enfield. While the Whitworth's light weight meant that while a soldier could easily carry it around the battlefield, he could count on it giving him a heavy kick when he pulled the trigger. Overall, the Enfield made a better all-purpose infantry weapon, and equaled the Whitworth's accuracy to five hundred yards. The rifle was available with and without bayonet attachments and came with a 36-inch or a 33-inch barrel, which made for an overall length of 49 to 52½ inches. All had a hexagonal bore and a fast 1:20 twist. "Typical 'Confederate Whitworths' featured a 33-inch barrel, two Enfield pattern barrel bands, iron mounts of the military target rifle pattern, and Enfield-type lock with no safety bolt and an Enfield-style hammer; open sights, with a blade front being adjustable for windage allowance, and a stock which extends to within a short distance of the muzzle, giving the rifle a snub-nosed appearance." Sighting arrangements varied also. Some Whitworths had Enfield-type sights graduated to twelve hundred yards, and others had a sophisticated sliding blade sight with a vernier screw adjustment for windage; some had simple front sights, and others boasted an adjustable post-and-globe front sight. A few rifles sported a four-power telescopic sight, fitted in an adjustable mount on the gun's left side. While it was a state-of-the-art system in 1864 it did have its drawbacks. "After a fight those who used them had black eyes," remembered one sharpshooter, "as the end of the tube rested against the eye while taking aim, and the 'kick,' being pretty hard, bruised the eye." Most of the men in the Army of Northern Virginia's sharpshooter battalions used Enfields, and only one or two men per battalion carried Whitworths. Thus in the approximately thirty-six infantry brigades of the Army of Northern Virginia, there were most likely between thirty-six and seventy-two of these rifles in service. Although some claims of its accuracy are no doubt exaggerated, the fact remains that the Whitworth could and did strike at a thousand yards and beyond. "The claim of 'fatal results at 1,500 yards,'" concluded one modern expert, "was no foolish boast." Overall, it was a deadly weapon that, in the right hands, repaid its high cost many times over. "I do not believe a harder-shooting, harder-kicking, longer-range gun was ever made than the Whitworth rifle," asserted sharpshooter veteran Isaac Shannon. (courtesy West Point Museum).
A British Royal Scots Badge The bonnet or glengarry cap badge for the Royal Scots regiment.
A British Tower Dragoon Pistol, Percussion Action Steel 9.25 inch barrel. Walnut stock, brass butt cap and furniture. Steel percussion lock 'Tower' marked with large crown stamp. Based on the 1756 pattern Light Dragoon pistol, but a 19th century percussion conversion to enable use into the 1840's and 50's. Used in the early Victorian period up to and including Crimea War and in the Indian Mutiny. The gunstock has had a very sucessful combat field repair by the wrist underneath.
A British WW1 Silver Wound Badge With Number MS144 A World War One Silver War Badge. It has a horizontal pin and clasp and it is numbered . Very good condition. The Silver War Badge was issued in the United Kingdom to service personnel who had been honourably discharged due to wounds or sickness during World War I. The badge, sometimes known as the Discharge Badge, Wound Badge or Services Rendered Badge, was first issued in September 1916, along with an official certificate of entitlement. Between September 1918 and December 1919, they had a 'B' prefix before the number. The sterling silver lapel badge was intended to be worn in civilian clothes. It had been the practice of some women to present white feathers to apparently able-bodied young men who were not wearing the King's uniform. The badge was to be worn on the right breast while in civilian dress, it was forbidden to wear on a military uniform. The badge bears the royal cipher of GRI (for Georgius Rex Imperator; George, King and Emperor) and around the rim "For King and Empire; Services Rendered". Each badge was uniquely numbered on the reverse. The War Office made it known that they would not replace Silver War Badges if they went missing, however if one was handed into a police station then it would be returned to the War Office. If the original recipient could be traced at his or her discharge address then the badge would be returned. A very similar award, known as the King's Badge, was issued in World War II. Although each was accompanied by a certificate, issues of this latter award were not numbered.
A British WW2 London Blitz Fire Officer's Service Helmet Bearing transfer National Fire Service badge, and two rank stripes. Complete liner and strap. Somewhat grubby but beaitifully untouched since 1945.The public saw just how brave these people were and how hard their task was. Now they were public heroes. Prime Minister Winston Churchill later referred to them as 'heroes with grimy faces'. The Daily Express referred to their badge as 'a badge of honour'. There is no doubt that the fire service did an excellent job during the blitz on London and else where in the country.
A British WW2 SOE Special Operations Officer's Detonator Crimper Nice original WW2 S.O.E. Crimpers, maker marked G.L.& Co. and registration stamps. Used for crimping detonators onto safety fuse. Used by SOE and resistance members to set booby traps and rig explosions to demolish bridges, rail tracks, factories etc. For illustration of this see the SOE's 'Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices and Supplies' published in 1944.The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation. Following Cabinet approval, it was officially formed by Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton on 22 July 1940, to conduct espionage, sabotage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe against the Axis powers, and to aid local resistance movements. It was initially also involved in the formation of the Auxiliary Units, a top secret "stay-behind" resistance organisation which would have been activated in the event of a German invasion of Britain. Few people were aware of SOE's existence. To those who were part of it or liaised with it, it was sometimes referred to as "the Baker Street Irregulars", after the location of its London headquarters. It was also known as "Churchill's Secret Army" or the "Ministry of Ungentlemanly Warfare". For security purposes, various branches, and sometimes the organisation as a whole, were concealed behind names such as the "Joint Technical Board" or the "Inter-Service Research Bureau", or fictitious branches of the Air Ministry, Admiralty or War Office. SOE operated in all countries or former countries occupied by or attacked by the Axis forces, except where demarcation lines were agreed with Britain's principal allies (the Soviet Union and the United States). It also made use of neutral territory on occasion, or made plans and preparations in case neutral countries were attacked by the Axis. The organisation directly employed or controlled just over 13,000 people, about 3,200 of whom were women.
A British, Royal Navy 1805 Lieutenants and Warrant Officer's Combat Sword Although known and classified as the 1805 pattern officer's sword, they were known to have been made from up to six or seven years earlier, from the late 1790's. Copper gilt hilt with wire bound shagreen [sharkskin] grip and twin fouled anchor engraved langets. Single fullered blade. Used from 1798 until the 1820's, a very good sword for a Royal Naval Officer from The Battle of Trafalgar, the Wars with France, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812 [with America] eras. From a small and exclusive early Royal Navy sword collection we have just been fortunate to acquire. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy. This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the enemy fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson's funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. Some shagreen [sharkskin] loss on one side of the grip. No scabbard
A Bronze Age Sword From Before the Era Of Achilles and Hector Circa 1400 B.C. [around 3,500 years old, probably Marlik] with a fabulous patina and in a very sound and excellent condition indeed. This is a most handsome and beautiful ancient bronze sword blade, with a tapering form, double edged, a central rib and short hilt tang with two side mounting holes. From one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the era of the so called Trojan Wars. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This dagger comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history. Swords daggers and weapons from this era were made within the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this piece, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger sword is in very nice condition with typical ancient patina encrustations . 36 cm long. Picture in the gallery of Achilles and Penthesella on the Plain of Troy, with Athena, Aphrodite and Eros. 16.5 inches long, 2.25 inches wide at forte.
A Byzantine (Eastern Roman) 6th - 11th Cent. A.D. This kind of axe is a typical axe for infantryman, similar and a somewhat similar correspondent to the type 1 of the classification made by the Kirpichnikov for the Russian axes. Particularly, it seems akin to the specimens of Goroditsche and Opanowitschi, dated in the turn of 10th - 11th centuries however, its shape is slightly different, and considering the strong influence of the Roman Armies on the Russian ones in 11th century, a local prototype used in the Balkan wars of Basil II (976-1025). The general Nikephoros Ouranos remembers in his Taktika (56, 4) that small axes were used at the waist of the selected archers of infantry : "…You must select proficient archers - the so called psiloi - four thousand. These men must have fifty arrows each in their quivers, two bows, small shields and extra bowstrings. Let them also have swords at the waist, or axes, or slings in their belts…". The axe was inserted in its wooden shaft and fixed to it by means of dilatation of the wood, dampened by water. The Byzantine Empire is the great Greek-language Christian empire that emerged after 395AD from the eastern part of the Roman Empire, Thanks to efficient government and clever diplomacy that divided its many enemies, the empire survived. Much diminished after 1204 AD when it was sacked by Christian Crusaders from the west en route to liberate Jerusalem, it finally fell to the Turks in 1453--indeed its fall is often used to date the end of the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, built on the site of the Greek colony of Byzantium and which is now known as Istanbul). The center of Orthodox Christianity, it is famous as well for its art and culture. The inhabitants of the empire referred to themselves as 'Romans' and considered themselves as such, the term 'Byzantine' not being used to describe the empire and its peoples until the seventeenth century, but after the seventh century the language of empire changed from Latin to Greek.
A Campaign Service South Arabia Bar & Territorial Efficency Medal Pair Unnamed. ERII issue in superb condition court mounted. South Arabia; This campaign is related to the Radfan Campaign, because both were Egyptian-inspired attempts to end the British presence in Aden and end the embryonic Federation of South Arabia.This 3 year long campaign saw numerous terrorist attacks on both civilian and military targets. In both Rafan and Aden, the British Army suffered 90 personnel killed and 510 wounded.The qualifying period was 30 days service in the Federation of South Arabia between 1 August 1964 and 30 November 1967.
A Cast Iron Plaque of Graf Von Zeppelin Dated 1920. Russet finish overall. Approx 4 inches
A Celtic, Iron, Votive Axe Circa 50 b.c. to 50 a.d. Around 2000 years old. A good and rare ancient Celtic museum piece. Used as a small Axe, set within a wooden haft, and carried as a token of good luck, then, it would be cast into a sacred lake or river as a offering to the Gods. In a well preserved condition. 65mm x 76mm.
A Chinese Cloisonne Enamel and Gilt Bronze Dagger straight bladed dagger, this hilt and sheath are both gold washed brass with wire cloisons used to create the compartments, ranging in thickness from around .7mm to 4.5mm, with the larger wire sections. The designs are a mixture of scrollwork, of floral patterns, with elongated tendrils, on a sang de boeof enamel ground, white white, yellows and greens in the floral panels accompanied with small areas of cobalt blue. The floral sections call for special note, having been enameled in blue, transitioning to white, green to white, and small pinkish polychrome areas, with an effect achieved by mixing pink and other colour enamels within a single compartment, without using cloisons [dividers]. Overall length in the sheath is 15.5 inches, with a flared pommel on the grip. Blade [with a single fuller] of 9.75 inches long. Blade has some pitting near the tip.
A Circular Edo Iron Tsuba of Two Sea Cucumbers. The Type of Musashi Fame. In negative sukashi. Early Edo period, 82mm x 76mm. One of the most collectable tsuba that are sought and desired by lovers of samurai history. This is the very form of tsuba, favoured by the most famous samurai of all, Miyamoto Musashi, and from his time period of the early Edo era. A most similar tsuba, also from the same era, was in the Randolph B. Caldwell collection of fine tsuba and fittings, and was sold in October 20th, 1994 for $5,400. The famed swordsman Miyamoto Musashi was born Shinmen Takezo in Harima Province and may have fought at Sekigahara under the Ukita as a common soldier. Although a samurai of war, In his brief biography in his book, he confines himself to his achievements in single combat. He claimed to have defeated his first opponent (a certain Arima Kihei) at the age of 13, following this up with a victory over " powerful martial artist called Akiyama of Tajima province." After 1600 Musashi drifted to Kyoto and became involved in a well-known battle with the Yoshioka School of swordsmanship, emerging victorious. He wrote that he engaged in sixty duels without suffering defeat once, and was noted in this regard for his skill at handling two swords simultanously. He was also remembered for employing a simple bamboo sword, which he used to deadly effect. In 1640 Musashi accepted service with the Hosokawa clan, and three years later, in Higo Province, began work on his great book, Gorin no shô (The Book of Five Rings). He finished this influential work on swordsmanship in May 1645 - the same year he died.
A Civil War Remington New Model Army Revolver .44 CF.Remington Conversion The Cartridge Conversions are a most important part of sixgun history spanning the time frame between percussion revolvers and the Colt Peacemaker the Colt Single Action Army, and the Remington Single Action Army the Russian and Schofield. This fact has also been discovered to some degree by the movie makers and is starting to show up in more and more movies. Original Cartridge Conversions remaining from the 1860's and 1870's show evidence of being well used giving further evidence to their importance. We may live in a throwaway world but those inhabitants of the last century did not. Why discard a perfectly good gun when it could be easily converted to fire the 'modern' ammunition? Thousands of men of the Wild West found themselves armed with perfectly good cap-n-ball sixguns when both Colt and Smith & Wesson brought forth their cartridge firing sixguns. Most of those first new cartirdge taking guns went to the military so it was a natural step for a cap-n-ball shooter to step over into cartridge firing territory by having his sixgun converted. A super pistol in fully working order with a converted percussion cylinder and a separate ring for the .44 Russian/Remington cartridges. Clear maker's address. This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation. Shown with an inert, antique .44 Russian round in the cylinder, for information only that round is not included
A Complete 19th Century Bushman's Hunting Set Of Bow, Arrows and Quiver A fabulous original antique set, worthy of the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford. Arrows complete with steel heads. A typical and complete high quality 19th century bushman's hunting bow set. The indigenous people of Southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, are variously referred to as Bushmen, San, Sho, Basarwa, Kung, or Khwe. The Bushmen are part of the Khoisan group. Though related to the traditionally pastoral Khoikhoi, they were traditionally hunter-gatherers. A set of tools almost identical to that used by the modern San Bushmen and dating to 44,000 BP was discovered at Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal in 2012. Historical evidence shows that certain Bushmen communities have always lived in the desert regions of the Kalahari. However, nearly all other Bushmen communities in southern Africa were eventually forced into this region.
A Complete Set Of WW1 German Soldier's Paperwork and His Gallantry Medal Including his Soldbuch and his Certificate of Award for the Iron Cross. A fascinating collection outlining a WW1 German soldier's military career. He was a trench warfare Mortar Grenade operator [the Granatenwerfer 16]. See photo in the gallery [for information only]. It would make a charming and fascinating gift as it is researchable to see where this soldier served, on which front and where his unit fought and when. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Composite, Experimental Prototype, FS Type Commando Knife. Early WW2 Having traded in the same location for 60 years or so our company has met some many hundreds of thousands of most remarkable people, and heard too many fantastic stories [or tales] to remember. Every week something new is learnt, or someone new is met. This week an aged lady, with a most fascinating story, let us acquire this most intriguing piece. Not valuable, or even that impressive in fact, but it's position in the development of modern edged weaponry is quite fascinating. This is or was a prototype close combat dagger came to us from the niece of a one time cutler and assistant knife designer [trained by the veteran Wilkinson swordsmith Tom Beesley] who was briefly working with Capt. Fairbairn [via Wilkinson Sword Co.] from the very early war period England. At the time that Fairbairn & Sykes were coming up with the concept of their FS commando knife, several forms and mock-ups were made, that eventually evolved into what was to become the FS Knife, 1st Pattern. The handle from this dagger was created and based from small cast brass Wilkinson court sword parts, with a square block and oval quillon. The blade, formed to create a strong, rigid short double edged blade, that has good stout piercing properties came from a long Wilkinson sword blade. No edge was ever put on this blade, but one can easily see how the FS knife may have evolved from this early war period prototype design. We are only distressed that we have no design schematics and paperwork, that were we were told were once in existence, to show how the knife was eventually designed. Sadly and woe alas all the paperwork was discarded some two decades after the war as seemingly insignificant. All that remains for posterity is this most intriguing dagger, that the assistant designer/cutler brought home as a souvenir during the war. Naturally it is certainly possible he ought not to have done so.
A Crimean War 'Balaklava' Imperial Russian Saw Back Sword. In well-used condition, with a worn russetted blade and the hilt re-seated, but this is a rare souvenir of the Russian guns at Balaklava. Russian maker's stamps still present at the ricasso. Original 'War Trophy' of the Crimean War, as used at the Charge of the Light Brigade by the Imperial Russian artillerymen. A Russian sawback short sword, manufactured in around 1834. A most interesting sword used by the Russian artillery, almost certainly brought back as a souvenir of the Crimean War. It was those very Russian artillery batteries that the British Light Cavalry regiment's charged in the world renown Charge of the Light Brigade, made so famous in Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem of the same name. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions".The Battle of Balaclava, fought on 25 October 1854 during the Crimean War, was part of the Anglo-French-Turkish campaign to capture the port and fortress of Sevastopol, Russia's principal naval base on the Black Sea. The engagement followed the earlier Allied victory in September at the Battle of the Alma, where the Russian General Menshikov had positioned his army in an attempt to stop the Allies progressing south towards their strategic goal. Alma was the first major encounter fought in the Crimea since the Allied landings at Kalamita Bay on 14 September, and was a clear battlefield success; but a tardy pursuit by the Allies failed to gain a decisive victory, allowing the Russians to regroup, recover and prepare their defence. The Allies decided against an immediate assault on Sevastopol and instead prepared for a protracted siege. The British, under the command of Lord Raglan, and the French, under Canrobert, positioned their troops to the south of the port on the Chersonese Peninsula: the French Army occupied Kamiesh on the west coast whilst the British moved to the southern port of Balaclava. However, this position committed the British to the defence of the right flank of the Allied siege operations, for which Raglan had insufficient troops. Taking advantage of this exposure, the Russian General Liprandi, with some 25,000 men, prepared to attack the defences in and around Balaclava, hoping to disrupt the supply chain between the British base and their siege lines. The battle began with a Russian artillery and infantry attack on the Ottoman redoubts that formed Balaclava's first line of defence. The Ottoman forces initially resisted the Russian assaults, but lacking support they were eventually forced to retreat. When the redoubts fell, the Russian cavalry moved to engage the second defensive line held by the Ottoman and the Scottish 93rd Highland Regiment in what came to be known as the 'Thin Red Line'. This line held and repulsed the attack; as did General Scarlett's British Heavy Brigade who charged and defeated the greater proportion of the cavalry advance, forcing the Russians onto the defensive. However, a final Allied cavalry charge, stemming from a misinterpreted order from Raglan, led to one of the most famous and ill-fated events in British military history – the Charge of the Light Brigade. Pleaes see our Admiral Buckle family swords. No scabbard
A Cunard White Star Line 'R.M.S.Queen Elizabeth' Lapel Badge Red white and blue enamel on gilt brass in the form of a Steamship Wheel. Launched in 1939 used in WW2 as a Troopship, then restored to service as the worlds greatest luxury cruise ship after the war. Excellent condition.
A Delightful & Beautiful Most Ancient Samurai Tachi Around 600 Years Old Made Circa 1390 to 1420 this is a most beautiful and ancient sword from the great warring period of Japan's samurai history. The mounts are original Edo period, with lovely nishiji [ground gold] lacquer on the saya and traditional tachi mountings in shinchu and gold silk ito wrapped over pure gold overlaid onto carved kinko dragon, holding ancient ken . The tsuba is a tradional tachi form in three pieces , dai seppa in shinchu and the central plate in iron. A blade of most impressive, elegant and deep curvature, typical of the early samurai sword of the Nambokochu to Muramachi era [1333 to 1573]. As is often with ancient swords the story of it's use starts in the era before it was actually made, by it's master smith, maybe a decade earlier in the Nanboku-cho period (Northern and Southern Courts period) Spanning from 1336 to 1392, it was a period that occurred during the formative years of the Muromachi bakufu of Japan's history. The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-cho period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as: Northern capital : Kyoto Southern capital : Yoshino. During this period, there existed a Northern Imperial Court, established by Ashikaga Takauji in Kyoto, and a Southern Imperial Court, established by Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino. Ideologically, the two courts fought for fifty years, with the South giving up to the North in 1392. However, in reality the Northern line was under the power of the Ashikaga shoguns and had little real independence. This sword would very likely have been used in the Onin War (1467–1477) which led to serious political fragmentation and obliteration of domains: a great struggle for land and power ensued among bushi chieftains and lasted until the mid-sixteenth century. Peasants rose against their landlords and samurai against their overlords, as central control virtually disappeared. An early Japanese print in the gallery shows a samurai receiving his reward of a fine tachi [such as this one] from his shugo daimyo lord. The shugo daimyo were the first group of men to hold the title "daimyo". They arose from among the shugo during the Muromachi period. The shugo daimyo held not only military and police powers, but also economic power within a province. They accumulated these powers throughout the first decades of the Muromachi period. Major shugo daimyo came from the Shiba, Hatakeyama, and Hosokawa clans, as well as the tozama clans of Yamana, Ouchi, and Akamatsu. The greatest ruled multiple provinces. The Ashikaga shogunate required the shugo daimyo to reside in Kyoto, so they appointed relatives or retainers, called shugodai, to represent them in their home provinces. Eventually some of these in turn came to reside in Kyoto, appointing deputies in the provinces. The Onin War was a major uprising in which shugo daimyo fought each other. During this and other wars of the time, kuni ikki, or provincial uprisings, took place as locally powerful warriors sought independence from the shugo daimyo. The deputies of the shugo daimyo, living in the provinces, seized the opportunity to strengthen their position. At the end of the fifteenth century, those shugo daimyo who succeeded remained in power. Those who had failed to exert control over their deputies fell from power and were replaced by a new class, the "sengoku daimyo", who arose from the ranks of the shugodai'K and Ji-samurai. Osuriage tang unsigned, nishiji lacquer on the saya with small surface age chips. Blade 63cm long tsuba to tip. 40 inches long approx overall in saya
A Delightful & Fine Musket By One Of England's Finest Gunsmiths, J Manton. One of, if not the finest sporting gun maker ever. This gun has a finest walnut stock, Manton's patent hook breech, a percussion from flintlock conversion action, three stage barrel with gold breech line. Made circa 1800, serial numbered 874. Silver escutcheon with an engraved lion's mask family crest of the Campbell family, supposedly owned by Capt. Patrick Campbell who fought at Waterloo in the 52nd Foot [still living in 1842]. It is not mint, and it has plainly been used, but it is a superb piece by the greatest maker. Manton's weapons are considered the finest of the flintlock age. They can fetch more at auction than Holland & Holland's shotguns. His workforce included: James Purdey (who went on to found Purdey's), Thomas Boss, Joseph Lang, William Greener and Charles Lancaster. These five all went on to establish major firms of gun makers, which continue to this day. Manton as a company still trades with the starting price of £48,000 for a new bespoke Manton shotgun, and his original Georgian duellers can fetch upwards of £80,000. The name of Manton is one of the most well-known names associated with the English gun trade during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Described in an epitaph written by Colonel Peter Hawker for his tomb as 'The greatest artist in firearms that ever the world produced', Joseph Manton, alongside his brother John, become internationally renowned for high quality and innovative developments within the trade. Joseph Manton was born in April 1766 to John Manton and Mary Gildon and was baptised on the 29 April at St. Wulfram's. The scant details recorded in the family bible and the parish register are the only record of the first fifteen years of his life, although the churchyard of St. Wulfram's contains numerous members of the broader Manton family. Between 1780-89 he was apprenticed first to a gun maker in Grantham, Newton, before working under his elder brother John from 1781 onward, at 6 Dover Street, London. At the age of 23 in 1789 Joseph moved out on his own and began experimenting with various improvements relating to rifling and wadding. His innovations caught the eye of those working at the Board of Ordnance and throughout the 1790s he was entertained by government patronage. He married in 1792 Mary Ann Aitkens and in November of that year his first child was born and named after his sister-in-law, Susannah Aitkens. A son followed two years later in 1794 only to die in infancy, before another son, Joseph, was born in November 1795. He would later join his father in business. In all, nine children were born to Joseph and Mary Manton. By the mid 1790s, Joseph Manton was producing about 100 weapons annually, including both cased duelling sets as well as fowling pieces - the precursor to what would become familiar in the form of the shotgun. During the following five decades numerous names that would later become well-recognised figures within the London gunsmith trade passed through Manton's workshop as employees or were drawn upon by the business in the manufacture of parts, amongst them James Purdey and Charles Lancaster. The business went bankrupt in 1826 and while it was revived temporarily across 1827-28 it too fell into debt, for which Manton was imprisoned between 1828-29. Joseph Manton died on 29 June 1835 and in the abovementioned epitaph, Hawker wrote that while his tomb would mark only his mortal remains: 'an everlasting monument to his unrivalled genius is already established in every quarter of the globe by his celebrity as the greatest artist in fire arms ever the world produced, as the founder and the father of the modern gun trade, and as a most scientific inventor in other departments, not only for the benefit of his friends and the sporting world, but for the good of his King and Country.' This gun is very fine and typical of his fine work. It does have traces of old pitting on the lock, and it's rammer is not entirely full length. 38.5 inch Long barrel.
A Delightful 18th Century Flintlock Long Holster Pistol, Circa 1750 Octagonal long eared butt cap in brass, with a matching suite of brass furniture, including pear finial sideplate, tubular barrel pipes, and bevelled banana shaped lock plate. 9.6 inch barrel with silver crescent blade foresight. Fine walnut stock and good tight working action. Probably Prussian. Overall around 17 inches long.
A Delightful Armour Piercing Samurai Tanto Around 500 Years Old With a most powerful armour piercing blade showing a very fine hamon. The mounts are decorated with a flock of geese flying in formation over high mounted fishing nets in a shower of rain of pure gold. The seppa are beautifully carved with deep casellated edging. The tsuba is an oval plate in iron with a full relief edge decoration of prunus. Superb ribbed lacquer saya shown with a small pocket kodzuka knife for illustration but not included. The blade is in super condition for it's age, with a small rice grain sized blemish to one side of the blade
A Delightful Large George IIIrd Royal Naval Officer's Hangar-Dirk By Deakin Ordnance marked with 4 Crown inspector's stamp. Lion's Head pommel with deeply curved fullered crescentic blade. Original brass mounted leather scabbard. Overall in superb condition for age. Deakin was registered as a maker in Birmingham; Deakin, William, listed in 1808 to1835 at Smallbrook St. But was likely a sword and knife cutler in earlier years. A thrusting weapon, the naval dirk was originally used as a boarding weapon and functional fighting dagger. It was worn by midshipmen and officers during the days of sail, gradually evolving into a ceremonial weapon and badge of office. In the Royal Navy, the naval dirk was still presented to junior officers up to the 1930's; their basic design had changed little in the last 500 years. Overall 23 inches long.
A Delightful Long Antique Shinshinto Han Dachi Katana With shakudo mounts, an unusual carved iron tsuba and a blde with a good gunome hamon in original polish. This mount has unique style called han-dachi (or han-tachi) style, that is a half and half between tachi and katana. All the metal fittings are tachi style. But the designs on them are made as katana style. So this sword was used as katana style that wore the blade in the obi [the waist belt] with the cutting edge upward. All original Edo period fittings. Small lacquer losses to saya. This can be restored if required. 37 inches overall in saya, blade tsuba to tip 27.5
A Despatch From Commodore James Poo Beresford HMS Theseus 2 Feb 1809 Shortly before the Battle of the Basque Roads. Written and signed by Commodore [Later Admiral] Beresford aboard and in command of HMS Theseus. Some few years earlier Theseus was the flagship of Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson's fleet for the 1797 Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Day to day command at that time was vested in her flag captain Ralph Willett Miller. Unfortunately on this occasion the navy was defeated and Nelson was wounded by a musket ball while aboard the Theseus, precipitating the amputation of his right arm. In 1798, Theseus took part in the decisive and hugely successful Battle of the Nile, under the command of Captain Ralph Willett Miller. The Royal Navy fleet was outnumbered, at least in firepower, by the French fleet, which boasted the 118-gun ship-of-the-line L'Orient, three 80-gun warships and nine of the popular 74-gun ships. The Royal Navy fleet in comparison had just thirteen 74-gun ships and one 50-gun fourth-rate. During the battle Theseus, along with Goliath, assisted Alexander and Majestic, who were being attacked by a number of French warships. The French frigate Artemise surrendered to the British, with the crew setting fire to their ship to prevent it falling into the hands of the British. Two other French ships Heureux and Mercure ran aground and soon surrendered after a brief encounter with three British warships, one of which was Theseus. L'Orient was destroyed in the battle by what was said to be the greatest man made explosion ever to have been witnessed. It was heard and felt over 15 miles distant. The battle was a success for the Royal Navy, as well as for the career of Admiral Nelson. It cut supply lines to the French army in Egypt, whose wider objective was to threaten British India. The casualties were heavy; the French suffered over 1,700 killed, over 600 wounded and 3,000 captured. The British suffered 218 dead and 677 wounded. Nine French warships were captured and two destroyed. Two other French warships managed to escape. Theseus had five sailors killed and thirty wounded, included one officer and five Royal Marines. A painting in the gallery of Commodore Beresford leading his squadron of ships from 'The Naval Chronology of Great Britain', by J. Ralfe, leading a British squadron of 4 sail of the line near the Isle of Grouais in the face of the French Brest fleet of 8 of the line obliging the French to haul their wind and preventing them from joining the L'Orient squadron. The three ships alongside Beresford were HMS Revenge, Valiant and Triumph, and the Triumph was commanded by none other than Capt. Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy. Beresford was a natural son of Lord de la Poer the Marquess of Waterford. He joined the Royal Navy and he served in HMS Alexander in 1782. He was appointed as a Lieutenant RN serving on H.M.S. Lapwing 1790. He served in H.M.S. Resolution 1794. He served in H.M.S. Lynx (In command) in 1794. He was appointed as Acting Captain RN in 1794 serving in H.M.S. Hussar (In command). He was appointed as a Captain RN (With seniority dated 25/06/1795). He served in H.M.S. Raison (In command) 1795. He served in H.M.S. Unite (In command) 1798. He served in H.M.S. Diana (In command). He served in H.M.S. Virginie (In command) 1803. He served in H.M.S. Cambrian (In command) 1803. He was appointed as a Commodore RN 1806. He was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief in the River St. Lawrence, along the Coast of Nova Scotia, the islands of St. John and Cape Breton and in the Bay of Fundy and the Islands of Bermuda. He served in H.M.S. Theseus (In command) 1808. He served in H.M.S. Poitiers (In command) 1810. He served on to the staff of Lord Wellington at Lisbon Portugal 1810. During the War of 1812, he served as captain of HMS Poictiers, during which time he ineffectually bombarded the town of Lewes in Delaware. More importantly, Poictiers participated in an action where, four hours after USS Wasp, commanded by Jacob Jones, captured HMS Frolic, Capt Beresford captured Wasp and recaptured Frolic, and brought both to Bermuda. He was appointed as a Commodore RN in 1813. He served in HMS Royal Sovereign (In command) 1814. He was appointed as a Rear Admiral of the Blue (With seniority dated 04/06/1814). He was appointed as Commander-in-Chief at Leith 1820-23. He was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief at The Nore 1830-33. He was appointed as a Vice Admiral RN (With seniority dated 27/05/1825). He was appointed as a Junior Lord of the Admiralty in 1835. He was finally appointed as a Admiral RN (With seniority dated 28/06/1838). The typed transcript shown in the gallery states 'mediant servant' of course it should be 'obedient servant'
A Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei Serving Platter From the Graf Zeppelin The platter has the German Zeppelin Co. logo, of the Third Reich Zeppelin, flying across the globe, the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei. Manufactured by GEBRÜDER HEPP PFORZHEIM, in 90 grade. In March 1935, the South Atlantic flights became the responsibility of Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei, after this company had been set up jointly by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, the German Air Ministry and Deutsche Lufthansa. The DZR was created at the instigation of Air Minister Hermann Göring as a way to increase Nazi control over zeppelin operations, and can be see as part of the larger policy of Gleichschaltung, or coordination, which affected all aspects of German life in the years following Hitler’s assumption of power. Consistent with Nazi ideology, the airship was expected to be more than just a private commercial venture; it was to be a public symbol of the new German nation. In a speech marking the founding of the DZR, Göring commented: “I hope that the new ship will also fulfill its duty in furthering the cause of Germany… The airship does not have the exclusive purpose of flying across the Atlantic, but also has a responsibility to act as the nation’s representative.” The even larger airship, the LZ 129 'Hindenburg' joined the 'Graf Zeppelin' in 1936, and, in addition to South Atlantic flights with its parter, inaugurated a service over the North Atlantic, between Frankfurt and Lakehurst in New Jersey, in the summer. Also in 1936 the South American route was extended to Rio de Janeiro. Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei ceased operations as the commercial use of airships came to an abrupt end on 6 May 1937, when the 'Hindenburg' exploded at Lakehurst. This large silver tray is made of German silver plate, 90 grade, and was the product of the same silver company that made the the Third Reich military cutlery and other silver objects for the Third Reich hierarchy - Gbr. Hepp. His company alongside his rival, Wellner, was a maker of much of the Fuhrer's formal dinnerware, and the Reich chancellery dinnerware pieces. Many items by were used in several of Hitler's residences, the Hotel [Der Deutscher Hof] personally used by Hitler, and numerous state offices. the Zeppelin Corps became one of the shortest-lived German service branches of World War II. After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, the Luftwaffe ordered the last two Zeppelin airships moved to a large Zeppelin hangar in Frankfurt. In March of 1940, Goring ordered their destruction and the aluminum fed into the Nazi war industry. In May, a fire broke out in the Zeppelin facility which destroyed most of the remaining parts. The rest of the parts and materials were soon scrapped with almost no trace of the German "Giants of the Air" remaining by the end of the year. 49cm x 32.5cm
A Dyak's Mandau Headhunting Sword A Mandau of the Dayak people, of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Wooden sheath with upper and lower surfaces carved in relief with matching motif, bound with wonderfully woven reed wraps. The last photo in the gallery is a period photo of an indigenous Head Hunter, holding his 'prize', achieved with his Mandau.[Photo not included] This Mandau (sometimes also called “Parang Ihlang”) is the traditional sword of the Dyak tribes of Borneo. It was primarily associated with the Head Hunting tradition of the Dyaks. Carved wooden hilt, rattan bound scabbard. Traditional blade with convex obverse and concave reverse.The blade was apparently designed in such a way as the head could be decapitated more easily by a swinging arc while running. Likely late 19th century, and into the 20th century period.
A East Riding Rgt. Cavalry Sword, With Lawrence of Arabia Interest. British Army 1899 Pattern Cavalry regimental combat sword Made at Enfield and with ordnance issue date March 1910. A great and impressive steel bowl guard cavalry sword, used by one of the great WW1 'pals' regiments of East Yorkshire, and part of this cavalry regiment served in one of the most famous areas of the Great War, in Arabia, under the direct command of T.E.Lawrence, in 1916. Sword marked East Riding Regt. The story of the Lawrence connection is as follows; In 1916 the Regiment was part of the Western Frontier Force, a fairly uninteresting posting , causing NCOs and men to join the newly formed Imperial Camel Corps and 120 officers and men to be detached for service under T. E. Lawrence. The general story of this wonderful regiment is as detailed; The East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry was a unit of the British Army from 1794–1956. The regiment was formed as volunteer cavalry in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars. During World War I A second and third regiment were raised and designated 2/1st and 3/1st East Riding Yeomanry. The 2/1st converted to a Cyclist Battalion in 1916. The 3/1st was raised in 1915, The 1/1st moved north in November 1914 as Divisional Cavalry for the Northumbrian Division. On May 20, the Regiment formed part of a parade of some 40,000 men before H.M. The King and Lord Kitchener. The Regiment was then ordered south to Filey and then to East Anglia, to form part of the 1/1st North Midland Mounted Brigade. In October 1915 they set sail for Alexandria. In 1916, the Regiment was part of the Western Frontier Force, and a number of NCOs and men joined the newly formed Imperial Camel Corps and 120 officers and men to be detached for service under T. E. Lawrence. In December 1916, the 22nd Mounted Brigade moved to the Suez Canal Zone to form part of the ANZAC Mounted Division. The Regiment first saw action during the First Battle of Gaza, a hard engagement for both the men and the horses, and in the Second Gaza Battle it was posted to the far right flank. In General Allenby's reorganisation 22nd Mounted Brigade transferred to the Yeomanry Mounted Division. In October 1917, the Regiment took part in the third battle of Gaza, and on the 13th November at El Mughar, supported a charge by 6th Mounted Brigade. A Squadron led 22nd Mounted Brigade, having captured their objective they pressed on to Akir and established a position on the far side of the village square, however they had to withdraw as they were unsupported by the rest of the Brigade. Sadly it transpired that the village was the location of a Turkish Corps Headquarters, and had the success of the attack been exploited then a major dislocation of the enemy lines could have resulted. El Mughar was the last great cavalry charge of the British Army. In December 1917, with the exception of the machine gun section the Regiment was dismounted and sent to France. Together with the Lincolnshire Yeomanry, it formed 102 Bn, Machine Gun Corps (Mobile). The Battalion saw action several times in the closing months of the war in the area around Cambrai supporting attacks by the 49th (West Riding) Division, 51st (Highland) Division and 56th (London) Infantry Divisions. Between the Wars The East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry was one of the first cavalry regiments to be mechanised. It was one of the 8 Yeomanry Regiments that chose to reduce to squadron strength to form Armoured Car Companies in the Royal Tank Corps. The 26th (ER Yorks Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company Royal Tank Corps was initially equipped with Peerless armoured cars later to be followed by a mixture of Crossleys and Rolls Royces. In 1938, another reorganisation resulted in further change, the Regiment was reconstituted as The East Riding Yeomanry a Divisional Cavalry Regiment (Mechanised) equipped with 28 light tanks, 44 carriers and 41 motorcycles, and in 1939 a duplicate 2nd line regiment was raised. The regiment's World War II story. In March 1940, after training at Tidworth, the 1st Regiment joined the BEF in France as part of 1st Armoured Reconnaissance Brigade, initially the Corps Cavalry to 3 Corps. However, in May the Regiment passed under the command of 48th (South Midland) Division, 44th (Home Counties) Division, Macforce, and finally back to 48th (South Midland) Division. The Regiment was first involved in fighting near Ath, south of Brussels, and then over the next fortnight fought seven rearguard actions before being finally surrounded at Cassel on the night of 29/30 May in the company of 145th Brigade. As rearguard to the Brigade’s breakout, the F echelon was fatally exposed. The remnants of 1 ERY (7 officers and 230 men) returned to Tidworth, where the Regiment was brought up to strength by drafts from the 2nd Regiment, prior to moving onto Bovington to rejoin 1st Armoured Reconnaissance Brigade. What was left of 2 ERY formed 10th (East Riding Yeomanry) Bn Green Howards, which later converted to become the 12th (Yorkshire) Bn Parachute Regiment. They next deployed to Essex for anti-invasion duties, where it was equipped with Beavettes. When new material became available in Spring 1942, the Regiment reequipped with Covenanter tanks and Honeys, and formed 27th Armoured Brigade, together with the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards (replaced by the Staffordshire Yeomanry, in January 1944) and the 13th/18th Royal Hussars. In April 1943, the Regiment again reequipped, this time with Sherman Duplex Drive tanks. The training all came to fruition on June 6, 1944, when the Regiment landed on D Day supporting 9th Infantry Brigade in 3rd Division, and for the following fifty days they took part in the bridgehead battles. During this period they also supported 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division. Because of casualties, 27th Armoured Brigade was broken up on the July 29, and on August 16 the Regiment joined 33rd Armoured Brigade, taking over the petrol MK1 & II Shermans of 148 Regt RAC. The Regiment was now attached to 51st (Highland) Division, for the final Falaise Pocket Battles, the advance to the River Seine, its crossing and the taking of St Valery-en-Caux; after which the Regiment transferred to 49th (West Riding) Division for the Battle of Le Havre. In October, the Regiment supported 53rd (Welsh) Division, in Holland fighting around 's-Hertogenbosch and the later crossing of the Maas. However, during the winter of 1944, it was hurried away to reinforce the pressure being put on the German "Bulge", and then in January returned to 79th Armoured Division, and re-equipped with Buffalo, to carry the troops of 15th (Scottish) Division, on the assault crossing of the Rhine March 15. For the last weeks of the war, the Regiment reconverted to Shermans, coming under the command of the Canadian Army clearing Holland. After the war the Regiment was stationed at Laboe (Kiel Estuary) until being placed in ‘suspended animation’ on the March 7, 1946. Brigadier Carver (later Field Marshal Lord Carver) considered The East Riding Yeomanry to be one of the best, if not the best, armoured regiment that he had come across. This is a troopers battle sword in every sense of the word, and with it's regimental markings it comes with it's own built-in provenence. It also has various ordnance inspection and issue marks and has obvious signs of combat use, but the blade is superb. This is truly a iconic example of a Great British Army cavalry trooper's sword, from of one of the great North of England volunteer regiments. It was to be replaced by the 1908/12 pattern sword, but, Yeomanry cavalry received the new pattern last of all, as the transition of sword replacement took, in some cases, many years, some not until after the war. Like so many other British Army regiments, a regiment that goes down in the annals of military history as deserving the greatest honour and respect, a force of men bathed in stories of nobility, heroism, glory, valour and self sacrifice.
A Edo Period Iron Katana Mokko Form Tsuba Iron plate with inlays of gold and silver. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. 7 x 7.7cm
A Eli Whitney Conversion Cartridge Revolver of the American Civil War Good action, originally percussion but converted to 32 cal rimfire cartridge. A very sound solid frame revolver it was a very good competitor to Colt's pocket revolver, but with a more stable solid frame, similar to Remington's revolver frame. This pistol was converted at the tail end of the war to take the more modern cartridge, which made it a useful contender to the post war Wild West market, of the late 60's and 70s. Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States (regardless of whether Whitney intended that or not). Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed continental army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825. Eli Whitney, Jr., son of the inventor of the cotton gin, was born in New Haven, CT, where he attended the public schools and was fitted for college. Entering Princeton he was graduated in the class of 1841. The following year he took his father's business, for the manufacture of arms for the United States government. As Eli Whitney introduced mass production techniques, Whitney firearms were among the first products so made. In 1856 he ceased this branch of his manufacturing business, but resumed it again at the breaking out of the civil war in 1861, and continued it until 1866. The Whitney Arms Company had manufactured thousands of muskets, rifles and revolvers of the most improved models. The company also made many thousands of military arms for foreign governments, including muzzle-loading, breech-loading, magazine and repeating rifles. Mr. Whitney has been a member of both branches of the New Haven city government and a member of the board of public works. He was appointed one of the commissioners of the English exposition of 1862. He constructed from 1859 to 1861 the New Haven Water Works, and much of the work was done on his own credit, though built on contract for the New Haven Water Company, which organization he created. He made many improvements in fire arms of all sorts and patented them, and had made improvements in machinery for making arms. He was on the Republican electoral ticket in Connecticut as presidential elector at large in the November election of 1892; resided 29 Elm St., New Haven, CT. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fabulous & Rare18th century 'Pineapple Pattern' Silver Hilted Small Sword Excellent all silver deep relief 'pineaple skin' nail head chisseling to all of the hilt Fully chisseled pommel, double shell crossguard, knuckle bow, quillon pas dans and grip. A finely engraved trefoil rapier type blade with an unusual design within the engraved pattern, of a stag under a resplendant sun. The pineapple is one of the most desirable symbolic representations for collector's of 18th century object d'art, but at the same time quite rare to find in the most expensive medium of silver. The depiction of pineapples in weaponry is quite often seen on the finest 18th century pistols, such as trigger finials, but very rare indeed to see in swords. Pineapples are a common fruit these days, something you see cut up in your salad or on sale at the grocery shop. However, in the 1700s the fruit's crown-like top and gem-like texture was seen as a symbol of wealth and power. Originally from South America, pineapples were discovered by Christopher Columbus on one of his voyages to the New World. When he brought them back to Spain, many Europeans -- royalty in particular -- were completely taken by the delicacy. It was a rare, beautiful fruit most people had never encountered before and artists began incorporating pineapples in their work -- whether lavishly depicted in a painting or elegantly carved into wooden furniture. The pineapple was often called the Treat of Kings In such a gastronomic milieu the New World's pineapple--whose ripe yellow pulp literally exploded natural sweetness when chewed--made the fruit an item of celebrity and curiosity for royal gourmet and horticulturist alike. Despite dogged efforts by European gardeners, it was nearly two centuries before they were able to perfect a hothouse method for growing a pineapple plant. Thus, into the 1600s, the pineapple remained so uncommon and coveted a commodity that King Charles II of England posed for an official portrait in an act then symbolic of royal privilege -- receiving a pineapple as a gift. The pineapple made its way to England in the 17th century and by the 18th century, being seen with one was an instant indicator of wealth -- a single pineapple could cost the equivalent of £5,000 today. In fact, the fruit was so desirable and rare that consumers often rented a pineapple for the night to show off to fellow party-goers. No scabbard
A Fabulous 16/17th C Indian Shishpar or Gorz Flanged Mace With Khandar Hilt Also known as Gorz. With hollow haft and pointed spike finial, 16th to 17th century all steel. Eight flanged head. With the Hindu style khandar hilt. Probably from Rajasthan. Despite successive waves of Muslim conquest, Rajasthan remained predominately Hindu. It was divided into a number of small states centred around fortified cities such as Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur, all of which had their own armouries that a few of these survive within today. The Gorz is a weapon often mentioned and variously described in Iranian myths and epic. In classical Persian texts, particularly in Ferdowsi’s Šha-nama , it is characterized as the decisive weapon of choice in fateful battles, and to kill the dragon of Kašafrud; by Gev, in the expedition to Mazandaran. In Indian mythology, Indra owns a club/mace (vajra-) called the Thunderbolt of Indra and made of the bones of Risi Dadici, a sacred figure in the Vedic literature. It has been also referred to by many other names and descriptions, including sky-borne, splitter, destructive
A Fabulous 17th to 18th Century Indo Persian Moghul Tulwar Battle Sword A Moghul, Islamic sword. With a very good steel blade with an armourer's mark. All steel hilt with single bar guard, lined cap pommel. Strong and powerful blade of substance. Circa 1650. Emperor Aurangzeb [or Muhiuddin Mohammed] was the last significant Mughal emperor. His reign lasted from 1658 to 1707. During this phase, the empire had reached its largest geographical expansion. Nevertheless it was during this time period that the first sign of decline of the great Moghul Empire was noticed. The reasons were many. The bureaucracy became corrupted and the army implemented outdated tactics and obsolete weaponry. The Moghul Empire was descended from Turko-Mongol, Rajput and Persian origins. It reigned a significant part of the subcontinent of Asia from the initial part of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century. When it was at the peak of its power, around the 18th century, it controlled a major part of the Asian subcontinent and portions of the current Afghanistan. To understand it's wealth and influence, in 1600 the Emperor Akbar had revenues from his empire of £17.5 million pounds, and 200 years later, in 1800, the exchequer of the entire British Empire had revenues of just £16 million pounds.
A Fabulous 18th-19th Century Indian Armour Piercing Zaghnal Axe War Hammer An all steel armour piercing axe from India, traditionally known as a Zaghnal. The Zaghnal head has a strong raised central rib and is complete with a thick armour piercing tip. Two crouching brass lions are surmounted onto the head. The well proportioned shaft is topped with a spike and has a flared cylindrical pommel to the base, which is of good weight. Remnants of silver Koftgari all over the head. Good condition throughout.
A Fabulous 1929 Original Movie Poster. Hollywood Production Swedish Poster In superb condition, a stunning example of fabulous 1920's Art Deco Hollywood artistry. The Lost Zeppelin [Den Forsvunna Zeppelinaren] Tiffany-Stahl Productions (Los Ángeles) This film, like Capra's Dirigible, is also loosely based on the crash of the airship Italia, flown by Umberto Nobile, around May 25, 1928 near the North Pole, and the international rescue effort that cost early polar explorer Roald Amundson his life. The pilot who rescued Nobile also crashed when returning to rescue more survivors and had to be rescued himself. Starring; Conway Tearle as Commander Donald Hall Virginia Valli as Miriam Hall Ricardo Cortez as Tom Armstrong Duke Martin as Lieutenant Wallace Kathryn McGuire as Nancy Winter Hall as Mr. Wilson Richard Cramer as Radio Announcer (voice) Ervin Nyiregyhazi as Pianist (uncredited) William H. O'Brien as Radio Operator (uncredited). Poster sold unframed. [Reflections are due to temporary frame] 29 x 42 inches
A Fabulous 500 Year Old Bladed Japanese Officer's Sword With a now re-polished blade that shows a remarkably beautiful hamon. The whole sword is now simply a 5 star plus example. All the traditional mounts are very good indeed, it's leather covered combat saya is superb and the blade is simply wonderful. If one wanted an ancient samurai sword that has been used contantly for around 500 years in combat, right up to the end of the war in 1945, you would have to go a very long way to find better. Collectors frequently seek Shin Gunto swords that have an original handed down 'Ancestral' blade, as it is said less than one in a hundred Japanese swords, surrendered in WW2, were swords with handed down early, traditional blades. That form of sword was often the prerogative of an eldest born son, who went to fight for his Emperor [during WW2 ], with his ancestor's blade set in traditional, military mounts.
A Fabulous Ancient, Classical, Early Iron & Bronze Age Dagger From the ancient Persian Empire made in the time of the ancient Phoenicians, and the earliest period of ancient Greek history. It is incredible to comprehend that this fine piece would have been a revered ancestral weapon of great antiquity when it was used in the time of the Siege of Troy, and the earliest Greek-Persian Wars. It would have already been 700 years old when Alexander The Great was embarking on his extraordinary campaign to conquer the Persian Empire, half the known world and to become the greatest ruler in history. An exceptionally beautiful and rare artefact. Around 3000 years old, and superbly demonstrating the skill of the artisans from the bronze age and iron age combined. With a flanged eared pommel in iron, bronze hilt and grip and a double ribbed double edged blade in steel. Around 3000 BC, iron was a scarce and precious metal in the Near East. The earliest known iron artefacts are nine small beads, dated to 3200 BC, from burials in Gerzeh, northern Egypt, that were made from meteoric iron, and shaped by careful hammering. Iron's qualities, in contrast to those of bronze, were not understood. Between 1200 BC and 1000 BC, diffusion in the understanding of iron metallurgy and use of iron objects was fast and far-flung. In the history of ferrous metallurgy, iron smelting — the extraction of usable metal from oxidized iron ores — is more difficult than tin and copper smelting. These other metals and their alloys can be cold-worked, or melted in simple pottery kilns and cast in moulds; but smelted iron requires hot-working and can be melted only in specially designed furnaces. It is therefore not surprising that humans only mastered iron smelting after several millennia of bronze metallurgy. 11.5 inches overall, approx 16 ozs
A Fabulous and Extremely Scarce, Original, WW2 German Nebelwerfer 41 Rocket This is one of the very first ones we have seen in over 30 years. From a superb collection of German ordnance that has just arrived. This is our last Nebelwerfer Rocket from this collection. Nicknamed by the allies the 'Moaning Mini' due to it's unearthly scream as it flew. An original unfired example, and a simply remarkable piece of history, from the early German Third Reich's rocket technology, and part of a superb Third Reich collection we have been thrilled to acquire. An interesting fact, it is estimated 75% of all injured and killed allied troops fighting in Caen, the Normandy campaign, were injured so by nebelwerfers. Beautifully waffen amt marked and with original paint decoration. The Nebelwerfer ("Smoke Mortar") was a World War II German series of weapons. They were initially developed by and assigned to the Wehrmacht's so-called "chemical troops" (Nebeltruppen). This weapon was given its name as a disinformation strategy designed to lead spies into thinking that it was merely a device for creating a smoke screen. They were primarily intended to deliver poison gas and smoke shells, although a high-explosive shell was developed for the Nebelwerfers from the beginning. Initially, two different mortars were fielded before they were replaced by a variety of rocket launchers ranging in size from 15 to 32 centimetres (5.9 to 12.6 in). The thin walls of the rockets had the great advantage of allowing much larger quantities of gases, fluids or high-explosives to be delivered than artillery or even mortar shells of the same weight. With the exception of the Balkans Campaign, Nebelwerfers were used in every campaign of the German Army during World War II. A version of the 21 cm calibre system was even adapted for air-to-air use against Allied bombers. The name was also used to fool observers from the League of Nations, who were observing any possible infraction of the Treaty of Versailles, from discovering that the weapon could be used for explosive and toxic chemical payloads as well as the smoke rounds that the name Nebelwerfer suggested. Rocket development had begun during the 1920s and reached fruition in the late thirties. This offered the opportunity for the Nebeltruppen to deliver large quantities of poison gas or smoke simultaneously. The first weapon to be delivered to the troops was the 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41 in 1940, after the Battle of France, a purpose-designed rocket with gas, smoke and high-explosive warheads. It, like virtually all German rocket designs, was spin-stabilized to increase accuracy. One very unusual feature was that the rocket motor was in the front, the exhaust venturi being about two-thirds down the body from the nose, with the intent to optimize the blast effect of the rocket as the warhead would still be above the ground when it detonated. This proved to greatly complicate manufacture for not much extra effect and it was not copied on later rocket designs. It was fired from a six-tube launcher mounted on a towed carriage adapted from that used by the 3.7 cm PaK 36 and had a range of 6,900 metres (7,500 yd). Rocket-projector troops are employed as battalion and regimental units, in keeping with their task of destroying hostile forces by concentrated fire. One of the advantages of the Nebelwerfer 41 is that it can mass its projectiles on a very small target area. By means of a shrewd disposition of the batteries, a carefully planned communication system, and a large number of observation posts with advanced observers, the infantry can assure for itself manoeuvrability and a concentration of its fire power upon the most important points. Projectors are placed well toward the front—almost without exception, at points forward of the artillery—so that they will be able to eliminate hostile command posts, destroy hostile positions, and even repulse sudden attacks effectively. The firing positions of the projectors are always carefully built up so that the weapons can give strong support to the infantry. In Russia, during the winter of 1942-43, many breakthrough attempts by hostile forces were repulsed by direct fire from rocket-projector batteries. The projectile itself resembles a small torpedo—without propeller or tail fins. The base is flat, with slightly rounded edges. The rocket jets are located about one-third of the way up the projectile from the base, and encircle the casing. The jets are at an angle with the axis of the projectile so as to impart rotation in flight, in "turbine" fashion. The following note on the operation of the Nebelwerfer 41 is reproduced from the original WW2 German Army periodical Die Wehrmacht. The Nebelwerfer 41, or Do-Gerät, is unlimbered and placed in position by its crew of four men. As soon as the protective coverings have been removed, the projector is ready to be aimed and loaded. The ammunition is attached to the right and to the left of the projector, within easy reach, and the shells are introduced two at a time, beginning with the lower barrels and continuing upward. Meanwhile, foxholes deep enough to conceal a man in standing position have been dug about 10 to 15 yards to the side and rear of the projector. The gunners remain in these foxholes while the weapon is being fired by electrical ignition. Within 10 seconds a battery can fire 36 projectiles. These make a droning pipe-organ sound as they leave the barrels, and, while in flight, leave a trail of smoke. After a salvo has been fired, the crew quickly returns to its projectors and reloads them. Inert and safe, no restrictions to ownership, but only for sale to over 18's and not suitable to export. Copy and paste for original film of Nebelwefer in use; www.youtube.com/watch?v=loNLz1_Zf1c
A Fabulous and Fine Original Imperial Russian Poster Of A Zeppelin 1914 Lithograph printed in Moscow. It shows an attack by bi-planes and the destruction of the airship. One of the most artistically merit worthy posters of it's type we have ever seen, and likely ever created. It's execution shows incredible flair and skill and it's interpretation of the scene of aeronautical destruction and close combat is incredible. This would truly be the centrepiece of any display whether of a military nature or not. Simply stunning. 16 inches x 23 inches
A Fabulous and Huge South Seas Island War Club in Palm Wood In superb condition with stunning patina. Clubs were the South Seas Islanders favourite weapon, who in the early 19th century lived in a virtually constant state of warfare. A greater variety of clubs were made on Fiji than in many other Pacific islands, but by 1870 the iron axe has almost superseded the wood club as a fighting weapon. The hatchet or splitting axe head being hafted onto long club type handles. This early example from the 18th or 19th century has a very long haft and a fabulous patina over time. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of life. An item very likely traded from the time of Cpt's Cook and Bligh. The goal of Europeans who sailed the Pacific during the 17th and 18th centuries was to find terra australis incognita, the great 'unknown southern land' later called Australia. Some of them bumped into Fiji on the way. Abel Tasman became the first European to sail past the Fiji islands in 1643, and his descriptions of treacherous reef systems kept mariners away for the next 130 years. The English navigator James Cook visited uneventfully, stopping on Vatoa in the southern Lau Group in 1774. After the famous mutiny on the Bounty in 1789, Captain Bligh and his castaway companions passed between Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, through a channel now known as Bligh Water. Tongans had long traded colourful kula feathers, masi (printed bark cloth) and weapons with the eastern Fiji islands. From the early 19th century, European whalers, and traders of sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber), tackled their fears of reefs and cannibals and also began to visit. Fragrant sandalwood was highly valued in Europe and Southeast Asia. Tongans initially controlled the trade, obtaining sandalwood from the chiefs of Bau Bay on Vanua Levu, and then selling it to the Europeans. However, when Oliver Slater - a survivor of the shipwrecked Argo - discovered the location of the supply, he spread the news of its whereabouts and in 1805 Europeans began to trade directly with Fijians, bartering metal tools, tobacco, cloth, muskets and gunpowder. By 1813 the accessible supply of sandalwood was exhausted, but the introduction of firearms and the resulting increase in violent tribal warfare were lasting consequences of the trade. Warfare in Fiji was a way of life. The Fijian’s produced what seemed to be an infinite array of the most equisitely sculptured warclubs. As collectors it is easy to appreciate their form, beauty and rarity, and forget how deadly these objects are. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of the most readable and absorbing book on this is by Fergus Clunie ‘Fijian Weapons and Warfare” which has recently been reprinted. This club is similar to the Vunikau type or root stock club. Like other root type clubs it is often called after the root from which they are made. Some of the clubs are designed to slash and snap. Others like the Vunikau are for smashing and crushing. The designs followed tradition and didn’t often vary although the quality of carving did. 51 inches long overall
A Fabulous and Rare Cowen's Patent Horticultural 'Gadget' Slasher-Stick A simply wonderful example of the Victorian walking accoutrement inventors art. One could easily imagine anyone from Dr Watson to Charles Darwin ejaculating that this would be a piece of most essential kit for exploring forests, jungles and English country lanes alike. A strong stough wooden hawthorn type stick with a most effective machete form blade with inverse curvature. A perfect blade for lopping off an errant thick branch, cutting down sugar cane or progressing through jungle growths. Many decades ago we were requested, by a ardent collector, an identical Cowens example, as one was apparently carried by Gertrude Jekyll, the great horticulturist, designer of 400 of the greatest English gardens, and artist. As hers, we were told, regularly assisted her in her work and undertakings. However, we never thought actually find would ever find such a fine example. Interestingly, it was her younger brother's family name that Robert Louis Stevenson [due to their friendship] borrowed for his horror novel character Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Heavy grade 8 inch x 1.5 inch blade with maker's patent mark stamp.
A Fabulous and Rare, High Rank Samurai, Edo Period Horse Pack Saddle The whole frame is beautifully decorated with crushed abilone shell and the arch mounts engraved with family Clan crest or Mon. To be fully lacquered, finely embelished, and bearing the clan mon, the conclusion is fair that it is a high ranking piece, for the transport of weapons, armour boxes or even women, in the baggage train of a Daimyo. They amy also have been used for the transport of the women or weaponry of a senior ranking Samurai. This is a spectacular piece and they are very rarely seen, and the few that have survived over the centuries are more usually the fairly crude utility examples, completely undecorated and very plain. Over the decades we have had early Japanese woodblock prints showing a procession of horses, in a Daimyo's or Shogun's entourage, some occasionally show a pack saddle exactly such as this, with it's distinctive high crested top. They were usually racked with tanegashima [arquebuss guns] or even polearms. Also, in one early print three women are seated on one example. They may have been attendant's for a Daimyo's consort.
A Fabulous Chisa Katana by a Highly Rated Master Smith, Hirotaka This is a delightful sword that would make a superb addition, or indeed start to any fine collection of antique weaponry. It has a delightful Japanese elegance in it's quiet simplicity. It's overall condition is superb and would compliment any elegant décor or surroundings, from simple to extravagent, in the boardroom, a gentleman's study, or a drawing room of any residence of style. Signed blade by Hoki no kami Fujiwara Hirotaka A highly rated early Shinto master smith Hoki no Kami Fujiwara Hirotaka was working in 1655 at Echizen province. He was very skillful swordsmith most highly rated, and was making his swords like this one in the Kanemoto style. Hirotaka was part of the so-called Echizen Shimohara Ha. Circa 1655, His working date, according to Fujishiro is Meireki period (1655-57) and he rates Hirotaka blades as wazamono for their incredible sharpness and Chujosaku. Fujishiro states first he had the title of Hoki (no) Daijo and Hoki (no) Kami as in this example. He continues to state his work is similar to that of Harima Daijo Shigetaka and that these smiths co-operated in gassaku work. The blade is in around 90 to 95% original Edo polish, and very nice indeed with just a few surface marks. All the fittings are original Edo era, and are decorated with sea shell designs, and the o-sukashi Higo tsuba is Koto period, circa 1500. The chisa katana was able to be used with one or two hands like a katana (with a small gap in between the hands) and especially made for double sword combat [a sword in each hand]. It was the weapon of preference worn by the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo [Samurai war lord clan chief], as very often the Daimyo would be often likely within his castle than without. The chisa katana sword was far more effective as a defense against any threat to the Daimyo's life by assassins [or the so-called Ninja] when hand to hand sword combat was within the Castle structure, due to the restrictions of their uniform low ceiling height. But in trained hands this sword would have been a formidable weapon in close combat conditions, when the assassins were at their most dangerous. The hilt was usually around ten to eleven inches in length, but could be from eight inches or up to twelve inches depending on the Samurai's preference. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. A blade of this quality reflects the status of the lord or prince who's life it defended. Overall 35 inches long, blade tsuba to tip 22.25 inches, tsuka 9.5 inches long.
A Fabulous Edo Samurai Armour Of the Mizuno Clan, Formerly Shogun of Japan Antique Edo period in very nice condition commensurate for age. Tachi omodaka mon of the Mizuno Clan. The rear of back plate has an intact sashimono holder [clan flag pole]. A samurai armour of a member of the Mizuno Clan, a Mizuno Daimyo family. The Mizuno are a branch of the Tokugawa family and Mizuno Nobumoto was Shogun, who died in 1576 just before the Edo period bagan in 1599. Mizuno Nobumoto was a daimyo of Japan's Sengoku period. A son of Mizuno Tadashige, and brother of Mizuno Tadamasa, he was the lord of Kariya Castle.It's kabuto [helmet] is a 8 plate goshozan suji bachi kabuto. Probably 17th-18th century. A ken [plates] Suji bachi, which is a multiple-plate type of Japanese helmet bowl with raised ridges or ribs showing where the 8 tate hagi-no-ita (helmet plates) come together at the four-stage tehen kanamono [finial], with the fukurin [metal edges] on each of the standing plates. The mabisashi [peak] is lacquered and it has a four-tier lacquered iron hineno-jikoro [neck-guard] two Tachi Omadaka mon of the Mizuno on the front wings . With a full menpo face mask guard with moustach. The Do has the large gold Tachi Omadaka mon of the Mizuno and it bears at least twp sword cuts across it. Nobumoto sided with Oda Nobuhide in 1542, having switched his allegiance from the Imagawa family, but soon changed sides once more, to serve under the Matsudaira family. He was assigned Kariya Castle to defend. Oda Nobunaga blamed Nobumoto of selling rice to Akiyama Nobutomo (a rival Takeda officer), in 1576. Tokugawa Ieyasu thus sent Hiraiwa Chikayoshi to kill him. Nobumoto's brother, Mizuno Tadashige then went on to take Nobutomo's place. Nobumoto is buried in the Mizuno family temple, Ryogon-ji, a Zen Buddhist monastery established in 1413, in Kariya, Japan. Mon and kamon are Japanese emblems used to decorate and identify an individual or family. While mon is encompassing term that may refer to any such device, kamon and mondokoro refer specifically to emblems used to identify a family. The devices are similar to the badges and coats of arms in European heraldic tradition, which likewise are used to identify individuals and families. Mon are often referred to as crests in Western literature, which is another European heraldic device that mimics the mon in function. No leg defences.
A Fabulous George IIIrd, Presentation Quality Sword Belt Complete with mint condition, mecurial gilt lion mask adornment plaques, and it's serpent link lion's mask buckle, all in the similar pattern to the belts supplied with the fabulous Lloyd's Patriotic Fund swords. With it's gold wire bullion belt, edged with black velvet over leather. With original sword hanging straps and sprung clip hooks. This is ideal for the owner of a very fine highest presentation quality, Napoleonic Wars officer's sword, both army or naval [both French or British] a most rarely seen gem, and a piece that can easily elevate any fine, mecurial gilt mounted Georgian sword, to the next highest level. Naturally this belt would compliment any fine mecurial gilt sword not just of Lloyds Patriotic Fund quality. Lloyd's Patriotic Fund was founded on 28 July 1803 at Lloyd's Coffee House, and continues to the present day. Lloyd’s Patriotic Fund now works closely with armed forces charities to identify the individuals and their families who are in urgent need of support. The contributors created the fund to give grants to those wounded in service to the Crown and to set up annuities to the dependents of those killed in action. The Fund also awarded prizes to those British combatants who went beyond the call of duty. The rewards could be a sum of money, a sword or a piece of plate. The awards were highly publicized to help raise morale during wartime. In 1807 the fund also donated £61,000 to the Royal Naval Asylum, giving Lloyd's Patriotic Fund the enduring right to nominate children to the school. The Fund issued 15 swords worth 30 pounds each, to midshipmen, masters' mates and Royal Marine lieutenants. Also, 91 swords worth 50 pounds each went to naval lieutenants and Royal Marine captains. It issued 35 swords worth 100 pounds each to commanders and naval captains. In addition, it issued 23 swords worth 100 pounds each to 23 naval captains who fought at Trafalgar. In addition, some 60 officers requested a piece of plate of equal value instead of a sword. Lastly, a number of officers opted for cash instead, either for themselves or to distribute to their crew. On 24 August 1809 the Fund held a general meeting of its subscribers. The subscribers decided at that time to discontinue awards for merit. The Peninsular War was putting such demands on the Fund that it was felt that priority would have to go to support for the wounded and the dependents of those killed. Still, when the Fund awarded officers money for wounds received, some officers asked that the Fund give them an inscribed sword instead. We show in the gallery a portrait of Admiral Lord De Suamarez wearing his identical belt. Also, a Lloyds Patriotic Fund sword belt in the British, National Maritime Museum Collection. Patriotic fund swords can now fetch up to $130,000.
A Fabulous German 'Imperial & Weimar' Period Battle Flag, Freikorps Parade. On it's original detachable two part flag pole [around 9 foot high in total] with flag pole top, and later honour ribbons dated and the Imperial German Battle Flag with gold bullion fringing. Fabulous quality. Two sided, and with areas of old moth hole and small tears. A fabulous display piece and remarkably rare piece of history. Between World War I and World War II the term was used for the paramilitary organizations that arose during the Weimar Republic. An entire series of Freikorps awards also existed, mostly replaced in 1933 by the Honour Cross for World War I veterans. This parade banner was used, during the interwar period, by the Freikorps as an symbol of old comeradeship on their marches and drive protests through the streets of Berlin and Cities of the pre and early German Third Reich. It is from these men that the future SA and SS men were recruited and volunteered In 1920, Adolf Hitler had just begun his political career as the leader of the tiny and as-yet-unknown Deutsche Arbeiterpartei/DAP German Workers Party, which was soon renamed the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei/NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party) or Nazi Party in Munich. Numerous future members and leaders of the Nazi Party had served in the Freikorps, including Ernst Röhm, future head of the Sturmabteilung, or SA, Heinrich Himmler, future head of the Schutzstaffel, or SS, and Rudolf Höß, the future Kommandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp. Hermann Ehrhardt, founder and leader of Marinebrigade Ehrhardt, and his deputy Commander Eberhard Kautter, leaders of the Viking League, refused to help Hitler and Erich Ludendorff in their Beer Hall Putsch and conspired against them. Hitler viewed some of them as threats. A huge ceremony was arranged on November 9, 1933 in which the Freikorps leaders symbolically presented their old battle flags to Hitler's SA and SS. It was a sign of allegiance to their new authority, the Nazi state. When Hitler's internal purge of the party, the Night of the Long Knives, came in 1934, a large number of Freikorps leaders were targeted for killing or arrest, including Ehrhardt and Röhm. Historian Robert GL Waite claims that in Hitler's "Röhm Purge" speech to the Reichstag on July 13, 1934, he implied that the Freikorps were one of the groups of "pathological enemies of the state". Flag is 55 inches x 37 inches
A Fabulous Group Of WW2 Medals 39-45, Africa, Atlantic, Italy & Burma Stars With the North Africa 1942-3 bar, the Pacific bar, and the War Medal. Awarded to a WW2 RAF officer, and just one medal short [the defence medal] of the maximum amount of medals any man serving in the Army, Navy or RAF could have been awarded for the entire war. This is an incredible symbol of an extraordinary service career in the war.
A Fabulous Huge 1909 Poster For Schichtl's Marine-Theater A variety theatre that put on a production depicting Imperial Germany's Maritime and Aeronautical might for the amazement of the viewing public. Set's and artists provided a theatrical view of Germany's Grand Fleet and Airships using clever sets, backdrops and marionettes. A little like America's P.T.Barnum's circus and curiosity side shows, but more typically Germanic, having a greater militaristic perspective. Schichtl's Marine-Theater Werbeplakat, feine Farblithographie, Hamburg 1909, 71 x 95 cm, gemarkt "Lith. Adolph Friedländer, Hamburg", selten.
A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask & Cigarette Case This is just the epitome of all things Imperial German from the time of Kaiser Willhelm and Baron von Richthofen. The reservists flask was a peculiarly German artifact, and alongside the bier stein absolutely typical of the Germanic age of the early 20th century. The flask is an alloy depicting an embossed Zeppelin, an embossed plane and another, an anchor and a panel for luftschiff reserve service, and a similar for the flieger reserve service. It has a mono plane cup holder with a young pilot and his fraulein drinking and reveling. The front panel opens on a hinge revealing a picture behind the flask and a holder for cigarettes. It has wear and aging, but for the Imperial German WW1 reservist flask and stein collector you could probably not find a better or more desirable example. Overall 9 inches tall by 5 inches wide by 2 inches deep
A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask & Cigarette Case A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask This is just the epitome of all things Imperial German from the time of Kaiser Willhelm and Baron von Richthofen. The reservists flask was a peculiarly German artifact, and alongside the bier stein absolutely typical of the Germanic age of the early 20th century. The flask is an alloy depicting an embossed Zeppelin, an embossed plane and another, an anchor and a panel for luftschiff reserve service, and a similar for the flieger reserve service. It has a mono plane cup holder with a young pilot and his fraulein drinking and reveling. The front panel opens on a hinge revealing a picture behind the flask and a holder for cigarettes. It has wear and aging, but for the Imperial German WW1 reservist flask and stein collector you could probably not find a better or more desirable example. Overall 9 inches, repaired plane wing.
A Fabulous Iron Cross Symbol From Shot Down WW1 German Albatros Fighter Part of the painted Iron Cross symbol cut from the skin of the tail from the first German two seat Albatros aircraft shot down behind British lines, in Sept. 1915, by W Hoxley. Bought from W Hoxley's great grandson. It would look stunning framed with a print of an Albatros. The plane was shot down by Lt Scott Shield RFC for which he was awarded the Military Cross. Born in 1895, he joined the Durham Light Infantry and passed his flying certificate in a Maurice Farman Biplane at the Military School, Farnborough on May 2nd, 1915. He was awarded the Military Cross in October 1915 for bringing down the first German two seat Albatros aircraft behind British lines. The Albatros C.I was the first of the successful C-series of two-seat general-purpose biplanes built by Albatros. He was twice mentioned in dispatches and promoted to field rank in 1917 at the age of 21 and went on to command 48 squadron. No. 48 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps was formed at Netheravon, Wiltshire, on 15 April 1916. The squadron was posted to France in March 1917 and became the first fighter squadron to be equipped with the Bristol Fighter. One of the squadron's commanders was – then Major – Keith Park who later led No. 11 Group of Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain as an Air Vice Marshal. The squadron became part of the Royal Air Force when the Royal Flying Corps merged with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918. The squadron had 32 aces serve in it. Squaron Leader Scott Shield MC left the Royal Air Force in August 1919, and formed the Golden Eagle Aviation Company which provided pleasure flights over Blackpool, Lytham & St.Annes. For much of the war RFC pilots faced an enemy with superior aircraft, particularly in terms of speed and operating ceiling, and a better flying training system. The weather was also a significant factor on the Western Front with the prevailing westerly wind favouring the Germans. These disadvantages were made up for by determined and aggressive flying, albeit at the price of heavy losses, and the deployment of a larger proportion of high-performance aircraft. The statistics bear witness to this with the ratio of British losses to German at around 4 to 1. Mr W Hoxley was one of two men on the scene as it was shot down and crashed, who cut souvenirs from the German fighter. Mr Hoxley's details and accounts of it's provenence are written by hand in purple ink on the top left reverse of the fabric. 26 inches X 12 inches approx . As with all our items it is supplied with our unique [Lifetime Guarantee] Certificate of Authenticity, detailing it's known history and provence
A Fabulous Japanese Large Yari Polearm, With Rare Socket Head, Signed. Edo period probably Shinto signed Kiyo Tsugu. A much larger and heavier head than usual, and as opposed to a long tang it has the earlier type of socket mount to affix over the pole haft. With original pole and iron foot mount, and blade saya cover. The martial art of wielding the yari is called sojutsu. A yari on it's pole can range in length from one metre to upwards of six metres (almost 20 feet). The longer hafted versions were called omi no yari while shorter ones were known as mochi yari or tae yari. The longest hafted versions were carried by foot troops (ashigaru), while samurai usually carried a shorter hafted yari. Yari are believed to have been derived from Chinese spears, and while they were present in early Japan's history they did not become popular until the thirteenth century.The original warfare of the bushi was not a thing for "commoners"; it was a ritualized combat usually between two warriors who may challenge each other via horseback archery and sword duels. However, the attempted Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281 changed Japanese weaponry and warfare. The Mongol-employed Chinese and Korean footmen wielded long pikes, fought in tight formation, and moved in large units to stave off cavalry. Polearms (including naginata and yari) were of much greater military use than swords, due to their much greater range, their lesser weight per unit length (though overall a polearm would be fairly hefty), and their great piercing ability. Swords in a full battle situation were therefore relegated to emergency sidearm status from the Heian through the Muromachi periods
A Fabulous Katana Blade Signed Tsuda Echizen-no-Kami Sukehiro II Dated 1680 In full Edo polish, and displaying a wonderous choji hamon line. 2 piece gold covered habaki. Signed Tsuda Echizen-no-Kami Sukehiro [ born 1637 died 1682] and dated Enpo Shichi nen Hachi-Gatsu Hi [7th year of Enpo 8th Month]. When the first generation Sukehiro passed away, he was succeeded by his adopted son who became known as the 2nd generation Sukehiro. He moved to Osaka and was allowed to engrave the signature prefix “Echizen no kami” in 1657. 27 inch blade from bottom of habaki to tip. Sukehiro was, alongside Inoue Shinkai, the most skillful swordsmith in Osaka in the Shinto era. Sukehiro II and Inoue Shinkai collaborated and made some swords together. Sukehiro II, was summoned to Osaka Castle in kanbun 6 (1666) to serve as master swordsmith for the Daimyo Aoyama Inaba-no-Kami, the Hanji of the castle. It was from this time that his techniques, and the refinement of his work's rapidly progressed. It was in Enpo that he changed the style of his signature kanji from kaku (square) to maru (rounded). He first mastered traditional blade tempering patterns such as Choji (clove shape) and Gunome (another traditional pattern). But he developed a variation which later became known as the Toran-Midare pattern that means large surging waves crashing to the shore. It was the first time such a pattern was seen before, and, became much sought after. One of the most beautiful hamon (the temper line) of the times. There after Tsuda Sukehiro became well known, as master of Toran-Midare hamon. The kanji gives every appearance to us as being correct, as does the hamon, but only a suitable shinsa could confirm. RR,LOB
A Fabulous King George IIIrd Sheffield Plate Officers Campaign Water Heater From the Battle of Trafalgar, Peninsular War and Battle of Waterloo period. Used by officers, both naval and army, for the heating of water for shaving, or the making of tea, or for heating of grog or brandy for those cold winter campaigns. The whole set fits together within in the main heating pan which is mounted with a turned ivory handle and detachable lid. A simply beautiful complete set. Including lidded pan, spirit burner, pierced circular pan mount, and screw lidded spirit can. Overall in superb condition for age just minor bleeding [as is usual for early Sheffield plate] in the Sheffield plate silver wearing through to it's copper base. For the travelling British officer, campaign furniture - chairs, desks, dining equipment for cooking and items of the toilette, brought the comfort and civility of home to life under canvas. Made to be carried on the march and assembled on site, campaign furniture reached an aesthetic apex in 18th- and 19th-century England. A British officer of the 18th or 19th century was a gentleman first, a soldier second. He furnished his tent as he might his drawing room in a London townhouse. A proper English officer travelling to the colonies by ship expected all the comforts of home on the high seas as well as in his new residence abroad. Both considered it essential to maintain the urbane lifestyle to which they were accustomed by equipping themselves with portable desks, chairs, sofas, and bedroom and dining room suites designed by such masters as Chippendale and Sheraton. Watercolour of Lieutenant Gabriel Bray RN shaving on campaign, George IIIrd period. National Maritime Museum
A Fabulous Kukri-Tulwar Engraved With Tigers and Hounds It is known that this type of Tulwar and Kora handle Kukris were used by the Gorkhalis in the unification of Nepal (circa 1768) in the Anglo-Nepal War (1814-1816) and some records suggest it to have been used up to the turn of the century by Gurkhas, British officers and Sikhs. Superbly engraved blade depicting on one side three figures within a temple [palace] surrounded by tigers and a hound, and on the other side, the three figures are in the temple, there are now no tigers, but two standing guards wearing turbans with muskets and sword, and two hounds. This Kukri-Tulwar came to us with a terrible surface state, and it has required two full days cleaning and restoration by our skilled artisan, but the effort has certainly been worthwhile. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even older, among them, one that once belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD. But, some say that the Khukuri's history is possibly centuries older this. It is suggested that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, in about the 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder Khukuri or Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, Khukuri's or Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon skill than the strength of the wielder.
A Fabulous Large 'Bell Mouth' Cannon Barrel Blunderbuss, John Rigby, Dublin 18th century, used during the Napoleonic Wars, and by what is arguably considered to be Ireland's finest gun maker. Ordnance stamped. The huge flared bell mouth is very distinctive of particularly Irish made cannon barrelled blunderbusses, and this is about as distinctive as it could possibly be. It bears John Rigby's personal proof mark on the barrel [I R] and the stock has stunning natural age patina. The brass mounts all bear top quality fine engraving. Irish census markings for County Tipperary on the barrel and butt plate. The action, ordnance inspection stamped twice on the inside plate, has been converted in around 1820 to the then all new percussion action that was more efficient and functioned successfully, unlike flintlock, in the rain, and it also therefore gave any converted gun the advantage of at least another 30 years of useful life. The blunderbuss, and especially the shorter 'dragon' [which was the 17th century French name of a blunderbuss pistol], was typically issued to troops such as cavalry, who needed a relatively lightweight, easily handled firearm. The dragon became so associated with cavalry and mounted infantry that the term 'dragoon' thus became synonymous with mounted infantry. In addition to the cavalry, the blunderbuss found use for other duties in which the shotgun-like qualities were desirable, such as for guarding prisoners or defending a mail coach from highwaymen, and many saw service with the Royal Navy, used on every ship of the line. They were used by the navy as close quarter combat weapons, on boarding parties, landing parties and potential mutiny dispersal weapons. The blunderbuss used by the British mail service during the period of 1788—1816 was a long gun with a 14 inch long flared brass barrel, brass trigger guard, and iron trigger and lock. A typical British mail coach would have a single postal employee on board to guard the mail from highwaymen, armed with a blunderbuss and a pair of pistols. While the blunderbuss is often associated in America with the Pilgrims, evidence suggests that the blunderbuss was relatively scarce in the American colonies. After the Battle of Lexington, British General Thomas Gage occupied Boston, Massachusetts. After negotiating with the town committee, Gage agreed to let the inhabitants of Boston leave town with their families and effects, if they surrendered all arms. While most of the residents of Boston stayed, those who left under the agreement surrendered 1778 firearms, 634 pistols, 273 bayonets, and only 38 blunderbusses. The blunderbuss had its important civilian applications in the US, however; the Lewis and Clark Expedition carried a number of blunderbusses, some of which were mounted and used as small swivel guns on the pirogues. By the middle 19th century, the blunderbuss was considered obsolete. The blunderbuss was replaced in military use by the carbine, though the latter was considered by some to be a poor replacement (the carbine in use by the British during the Crimean War was lampooned in Punch magazine as being able, in the hands of a good shot, to "hit a hayrick at 80 yards"), though the blunderbuss still found use with civilians as a defensive firearm. The Blunderbuss is a wonderful arm, with the magical combination of brass walnut and steel, it is utterly evocative of it's age and found to be used in all walks of life, albeit civilian or military and maritime service.
A Fabulous Late Edo Period Samurai Battle Katana, by Master Smith Masashige Of Choshu, dated, Bunsei 1824. One of our great restoration projects of a very good katana, that required a polish, that has now been duly completed, and what a result!!. The blade is signed Choshu Ryusaishi Masashige and dated 1824 [in Hawleys, MAS 909]. He was of the famous Masahide school, and a pupil of the great master smith Suishinshi Masahide. It has a wonderful elegance and balance to it, typical of the ancient times from where it gains it's influence, and it feels simply as light as a feather and a joy to handle. The hilt bears old iron Higo mounts and a charming plain russeted iron mokko tsuba, that is also signed. The wrap is a typical rebellion pattern rebind. This sword has been be utterly transformed into the item of significant beauty it once was. This sword was last used in the Satsuma rebellion. The Rebellion was the last gasp of the ancient samurai to keep Japan as a feudal state with the samurai as it's backbone, but the Emperor knew that change must come and the day of the samurai was over. So twenty thousand samurai joined forces to fight the new conscript peasant army. It finished after the defeat at the Siege of Kumamoto Castle and in other battles in central Kyushu. The surviving remnants of the samurai forces loyal to Saigo Takamori fled back to Satsuma, seizing the hill of Shiroyama overlooking Kagoshima on 1 September 1877. Imperial army troops under the command of General Yamagata Aritomo and marines under the command of Admiral Kawamura Sumiyoshi began arriving soon after, and the rebels were surrounded. After combat losses and defections, Saigo had only 300 to 400 samurai remaining of a force of over 20,000 which had besieged the government garrison in the city of Kumamoto only six weeks earlier. Following an intensive artillery bombardment the night of 24 September, imperial forces stormed the mountain in the early morning hours. The samurai, under heavy fire, charged the lines of the imperial army, which had not been trained for close-quarter sword fighting. In just a few minutes the once organized line turned into discord. Highly skilled samurai swordsmanship prevailed against an army with very little traditional training. For a short time Saigo's lines held, but was forced back due to weight of numbers. By 6 a.m., only 40 rebels were still alive. Saigo was wounded in the femoral artery and stomach. Losing blood rapidly, he asked to find a suitable spot to die. One of his most loyal followers, Beppu Shinsuke, carried him further down the hill on his shoulders. Legend says that Beppu acted as kaishakunin and aided Saigo in committing seppuku before he could be captured. However, other evidence contradicts this, stating that Saigo in fact died of the bullet wound and then had his head removed by Beppu in order to preserve his dignity. This swords saya is very nice original Edo lacquer with crushed abilone shell decorated. The tsuka could be rebound in the more traditional pre-Satsuma way, in which case it would look as it once did before it had the Satsuma Rebellion rebind. 36.5 inches long overall, blade 26.5 inches long tsuba to tip.
A Fabulous Native American 'Chiefs' Musket Circa 1805 A simply stunning example of these highly distinctive long guns, used by the Native American plains tribes of the 18th and 19th century. In over 45 years we have never seen a nicer example, in or out of a museum, decorated with such profusion and complexity. An absolutely delightful example. A fine French made flintlock military style musket bearing the lock of the Imperial Napoleonic period of 1805. Fully brass studded walnut stock with a regular geometric pattern typical of use by Native American 'Chiefs' of the time and through to the 1870's. The higher quality guns such as this one were called Chief's Guns as the finer guns were given to the tribes chief by either the French or English military in order to encourage the tribe to fight on the protagonists side, such as was incredibly prevalent in the French Indian Wars of the 1760s throughout the American frontier states. The tradition continued both in peacetime and war right until the 1870's. The English made Chiefs Guns often had an engraved wrist escutcheon bearing a GR cypher surmounted by the King's crown. One of the earliest accounts of firearms possession by Indians out West dates to the 1750s, in New Mexico, where French traders cited a brisk exchange of flintlocks to the Wichitas and Comanches for their horses. Firearms, or in some cases the lack of them, played a major role in Indian life from the time they were first introduced to the end of the Indian Wars of the 19th century. Those tribes that possessed both horses and guns were far better equipped to forage for food, wage war or defend themselves than were those who had neither. Together, the horse and the gun combined to make the Indian of the Great Plains the finest light cavalryman the world had ever seen. Sometimes they hammered in iron or brass nails to hold together a broken stock, but usually they reserved such hardware to decorate the firearm. Feathers, beads, even human trigger fingers cut from an enemy, as well as other body appendages, could also adorn an Indian’s gun throughout the 19th century. The Great Plains Indians acquired guns from the French and British Traders. Apparently a common trading deal for the price of the gun was a stack of furs as high as the rifle. The trade of firearms had a startling impact on the Native American tribes of North America. The balance of power shifted to those tribes that possessed firearms and those tribes that did not which is further explained in the Beaver Wars in which the Iroquois League destroyed several large tribes including the Hurons, Eries and Susquehannocks. Native American Indians viewed the gun as a delivery system for poison, similar to a snake. We show in the gallery severla paintings and engraving of Indians of the time holding their prized guns, and Sitting Bulls flintlock, studded with brass nail head, that he surrendered at Fort Buford, Dakota in 1881, carved with his name that he had learnt to write in English while in Canada. Sitting Bull [c. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him, at a time when authorities feared that he would join the Ghost Dance movement. Before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull had a vision in which he saw many soldiers, "as thick as grasshoppers," falling upside down into the Lakota camp, which his people took as a foreshadowing of a major victory in which a large number of soldiers would be killed. About three weeks later, the confederated Lakota tribes with the Northern Cheyenne defeated the 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer on June 25, 1876, annihilating Custer's battalion and seeming to bear out Sitting Bull's prophetic vision. Sitting Bull's leadership inspired his people to a major victory. Months after their victory at the battle, Sitting Bull and his group left the United States for Wood Mountain, North-West Territories (now Saskatchewan), where he remained until 1881, at which time he and most of his band returned to US territory and surrendered to U.S. forces.
A Fabulous Piece of WW2 'Arnham' Paratrooper Memorabilia An early WW2 German Fallshirmjager's [Paratrooper] WW2 issue close combat boot knife, with Luftwaffe inspection stamp. The grip has three 'cuts' on the obverse these represent 3 fatal close combats of the Lance Corporal. Used by a Commando at Arnhem and continually up to the end of the war, by a C Company '2 Para', [Lance Corporal] Wallace who landed at Arnhem with his regiment to capture the bridge, in 'Operation Market Garden'. During the bridge attempt, and failure of objective, he was ordered to fall back to Defence HQ in the town, where he and subsequently few others managed to withdraw and cross the river to be picked up by the Polish Paras, that had been dropped at the wrong drop zone at the beginning of the operation. This close combat knife he used instead of his issue FS knife. It was his souvenir war trophy, apparently from a German Fallshirmjager taken earlier in his war. Operation Market Garden 1944, Arnhem. The British faced a number of serious problems in the landing zone. Nearly all the vehicles used by the Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron were lost when the gliders carrying them failed to land. Therefore the advance into Arnhem itself was delayed but also had to be done almost entirely on foot. The job of the Reconnaissance Squadron was to move off in jeeps etc. in advance and secure bridges and roads. This they could not do after the loss of their vehicles. The maps issued to officers also proved to be less than accurate. The British paratroopers came under German fire. Only the 2nd Battalion lead by Lt. Col. Frost moved forward with relative ease but even they were occasionally halted by German fire. Frost's men were the most southerly of the British units and the Germans had covered their route to Arnhem less well than the other routes the British were to use. When Frost got to the bridge at Arnhem, he only had about 500 men. He secured the northern end of the bridge and the buildings around it but he remained heavily exposed to a German attack across the bridge as the British had failed to secure the southern end of the bridge. Around Arnhem, British troops, engaged in combat with the SS, took heavy casualties. By now, the Germans were being reinforced with Tiger tanks. Despite being short of ammunition and with no food or water, Frost's men continued fighting. A German who fought in the final battle for the bridge wrote: "(The fighting was) an indescribable fanaticism…and the fight raged through ceilings and staircases. Hand grenades flew in every direction. Each house had to be taken this way. Some of the British offered resistance to their last breath." All his details were given to us by his surviving friend, Ivor [The Diver] Bevis formerly of 44 Para Commando Recon Force [South Africa] who fought in Angola and the Nigerian-Biafra War [after WW2]. Lance Corporal Wallace [it may have been spelled Wallis] told Ivor "this knife has the blood of German men on it". We also have Ivor's huge Tru-Bal combat-throwing knife that he used in 44 Para Commando [sold separately]
A Fabulous Rare Light Infantry Sword, Circa 1790's, With Talisman Blade A superb King George IIIrd Light Infantry or Rifles Regt officer's sabre. With it's original mercurial gilt hilt bearing almost all it's original burnished gilt finish. It has it's original wire bound fish skin grip, Light Infantry bugle langet, and a deeply curved blade superbly engraved with King George IIIrd Royal cypher and secret Talismanic symbols. The crescent moon, a resplendent sun, and a turbaned Turk's head, and an enigmatic astrological inscription in a secret cypher. It is said in some quarters these beautiful yet intriguing blades were engraved at the time to award the sword bearer good fortune and invulnerability in battle. They can be seen on both English and French blades, and are sometimes referred, in France, as Cabalistic. It has also been said they were used by members of a secret society, by way of identifying oneself to a combatant protagonist as a brother of the society. Somewhat like the Masonic order. We have seen such symbols on British and French 17th, 18th and very early 19th century blades, but very rarely later. We have also seen their like on swords that we have had in the past once used by known members of the infamous Hellfire Club. This was a name for several exclusive clubs for high society rakes established in Britain and Ireland in the 18th century. The name is most commonly used to refer to Sir Francis Dashwood's Order of the Friars of St. Francis of Wycombe. Such clubs were rumoured to be the meeting places of "persons of quality" who wished to take part in immoral acts, and the members were often very involved in politics. Neither the activities nor membership of the club are easy to ascertain. The first Hellfire Club was founded in London in 1719, by Philip, Duke of Wharton and a handful of other high society friends. The most notorious club associated with the name was established in England by Sir Francis Dashwood, and met irregularly from around 1749 to around 1760, and possibly up until 1766. In its later years, the Hellfire was closely associated with Brooks's, established in 1764. Other clubs using the name "Hellfire Club" were set up throughout the 18th century. Most of these clubs were set up in Ireland after Wharton's were dispelled. Francis Dashwood was well known for his pranks: for example, while in the Royal Court in St Petersburg, he dressed up as the King of Sweden, a great enemy of Russia. The membership of Sir Francis' club was initially limited to twelve but soon increased. Of the original twelve, some are regularly identified: Dashwood, Robert Vansittart, Thomas Potter, Francis Duffield, Edward Thompson, Paul Whitehead and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. The list of supposed members is immense; among the more probable candidates are George Bubb Dodington, a fabulously corpulent man in his 60s; William Hogarth, although hardly a gentleman, has been associated with the club after painting Dashwood as a Franciscan Friar and John Wilkes, though much later, under the pseudonym John of Aylesbury. Benjamin Franklin is known to have occasionally attended the club's meetings during 1758 as a non-member during his time in England. However, some authors and historians would argue Benjamin Franklin was in fact a spy. As there are no records left (if there were any at all), many of these members are just assumed or linked by letters sent to each other. No scabbard
A Fabulous Renaissance Style 19th Century Revival Main Gauche Dagger This large and beautiful left handed dagger is absolutely stunning, and almost the size of a short sword. It's chiselling is most fine and the gilding is superb. The blade is fully chiselled and gilded to match. The pommel is deeply carved with knights armour in combat, the quillon are sea serpents and the scabbard mounts are chiselled with fantastical faces, putti and winged creatures all within rococo scrolls. Formerly from the Higgins Armory Museum Collection in Mass. USA. Purchased by Giula Morosini, and sold by the American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, in October 1932. There was an enormous revival of interest in Classical and Renaissance art from about 1850. Archaeological discoveries in Greece, Italy and Egypt fuelled the imagination of designers. Renaissance art and architecture of the 15th and 16th centuries, itself inspired by ancient Rome, also had a great influence. Classical and Renaissance pieces were sometimes copied quite closely, but often a variety of forms and motifs were combined or reinterpreted. Figures from Classical history and mythology provided subject matter for many 19th -century artists and designers. The Elgin Marbles, brought to Britain from the Parthenon in Athens in 1812, provided particular inspiration. Renaissance bronze sculptures of Classical figures were also much admired and emulated. The distinctive shapes of various Classical objects were often employed by 19th-century designers. Ancient Greek vessels were usually copied directly, while the forms of other objects were adapted for different materials. The use of architectural elements from ancient Greek and Roman buildings was a key characteristic of the Classical and Renaissance Revival style. Classical columns, capitals and pediments were often featured. The scrolling decorative forms of the Renaissance were revived in the second half of the 19th century. An abundance of garlands and foliage often surrounds Classical figures or mythical creatures. Classical and Renaissance styles had first been introduced to Britain in the 16th century. At this time artists and designers relied on printed books of designs for their inspiration. By the 19th century they were able to travel to Italy to see the original sources for themselves. Knowledge of the Classical world had also been dramatically increased by various archaeological discoveries in Italy and in Greece. The blade has a small nick on one edge, the original velvet is worn and faded. This could left as is to show natural aging, or replaced with fresh velvet. 22 inches long overall, 14.5 inch blade.
A Fabulous Royal Navy Blunderbuss By W. Brander of The Minories, London Circa 1760. With good early land pattern military furniture. British Sea Service Blunderbuss The absence of swivels on this piece helps identify it as a Sea Service arm. Finest walnut stock, good tight action with Brander engraved lockplate [with a now russet finish]. Brass cannon barrel with W.B [Brander's proof mark]. And ordnance, CP & V proofs. British Sea Service Flint-lock Blunderbuss. Brass blunderbusses were naval enforcers" in war and peace. Their huge, smooth-bore barrels are very destructive at close range. They are easy to load and fairly easy to repair. used by the Royal Navy during the Revolution. With these guns at its command, it is little wonder that Britain ruled the waves for many generations. The "Sea Service," as the British Navy was called, continued to be the world's most powerful maritime force for two centuries." The blunderbuss, which takes its name from the German term Donderbuschse (thunder gun) is a short-barreled firearm with a flared muzzle that made its appearance in the late 16th century. Often associated with the Pilgrims, the blunderbuss was still relatively unknown in the early 17th century. Originally intended for military purposes, these arms can be traced to 1598, when Germany's Henrich Thielman applied for a patent for a shoulder arm designed for shipboard use to repel enemy boarders. The blunderbuss quickly became popular with the Dutch and English navies. England's growing maritime power seems to have fueled production of these short bell-barrel arms, which were useful during close-in engagements between warships by enabling marines clinging to ship's rigging to use them against the gun crews of opposing vessels. The barrels and furniture of the blunderbuss were typically made from brass, and stocks were most commonly made from walnut. Other, less robust woods were sometimes used, but their tendency to shatter ensured that walnut would remain in widespread use as a stocking material The blunderbuss played a role during the English Civil War of 1642-48, and these arms were widely used as a personal defense arm in England during the Commonwealth Period. The lack of an organized system of law enforcement at that time, coupled with the growing threat posed by highwaymen, placed the burden of protecting life and property in the hands of honest citizens. Although some blunderbusses bore the royal cipher of the Sovereign, they typically did not feature the Broad Arrow identifying government ownership or the markings of the Board of Ordnance. Several brass- and iron-barreled blunderbusses were captured from the forces of Lord Cornwallis upon the latter's surrender to the Continental Army at Yorktown, Virginia in the final land campaign of the American Revolution As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Consignment sale 2px+rnbb
A Fabulous Shinto Katana Circa 1620 With Fine Edo Koshirae The gently undulating yet exceptionaly deep hamon is very fine quality and this is a most beautiful an impressive katana. A very fine Shinto blade set in very fine quality shakudo, Edo period mounts, of multi coloured patination and pour gold onlaid décor. The saya has it's original Edo red lacquer, and the sword is mounted with it's koto period o-sukashi iron tsuba carved with profiles of flying geese. The production of swords in Japan is divided into specific time periods: jokoto (Ancient swords, until around 900 A.D.), koto (old swords from around 900–1596), shinto (new swords 1596–1780), shinshinto (new new swords 1781–1876), traditional gendaito (modern swords 1876–1945). The first use of "katana" as a word to describe a long sword that was different from a tachi is found in the 12th century. These references to "uchigatana" and "tsubagatana" seem to indicate a different style of sword, possibly a less costly sword for lower ranking warriors. The evolution of the tachi into the katana seems to have started during the early Muromachi period (1337 to 1573). Starting around the year 1400, long swords signed with the "katana" signature were made. This was in response to samurai wearing their tachi in what is now called "katana style" (cutting edge up). Japanese swords are traditionally worn with the signature facing away from the wearer. When a tachi was worn in the style of a katana, with the cutting edge up, the tachi's signature would be facing the wrong way. The fact that swordsmiths started signing swords with a katana signature shows that some samurai of that time period had started wearing their swords in a different manner. However, it is thought by many, that as many as 70% of katana made were never signed at all. The rise in popularity of katana by samurai is believed to have been due to the changing nature of close-combat warfare. The quicker draw of the sword was well suited to combat where victory depended heavily on fast response times. The katana further facilitated this by being worn thrust through a belt-like sash (obi) with the sharpened edge facing up. Ideally, samurai could draw the sword and strike the enemy in a single motion. Previously, the curved tachi had been worn with the edge of the blade facing down and suspended from a belt The length of the katana blade varied considerably during the course of its history. In the late 14th and early 15th centuries, katana blades tended to be between 68 to 73 cm (26 to 28 in) in length. During the early 16th century, the average length was closer to 60 cm (23.5 in). By the late 16th century, the average length returned to greater lengths. However, with every new owner [and early blades may have had 20 owners] the blade could be reduced if required to fit, and the shorter samurai would need shorter swords however long the considered norm may have been. Overall 40 inches long in saya
A Fabulous Signed Samurai O-Tanto with Delightfully Fine Mounts A large tanto almost wakazashi size.With hard lacquered leather bound tsuka. Shinshinto period, signed blade and signed fittings. The signature is in an unusual form and it's translation, as yet, eludes us. The fittings are all bronze and hammered with with fine gold and probably by the much sought after Goto school. Superb kodsuka with gold foil and carved copper, signed blade. Leather covered saya with iron and gold Kojiri. Gold rimmed bronze tsuba with nanako ground and Shishi. Tanto first began to appear in the Heian period, however these blades lacked artistic qualities and were purely weapons. In the Early Kamakura period high quality tanto with artistic qualities began to appear, and the famous Yoshimitsu (the greatest tanto maker in Japanese history) began his forging. Tanto production increased greatly around the Muromachi period and then dropped off in the Shinto period. Shinto period tanto are quite rare. Tanto were mostly carried by Samurai; commoners did not generally carry them. Women sometimes carried a small tanto called a kaiken in their obi for self defence.It was sometimes worn as the shoto in place of a wakizashi in a daisho, especially on the battlefield. Before the 16th century it was common for a Samurai to carry a tachi and a tanto as opposed to a katana and a wakizashi.
A Fabulous Soten Gold Dragon Mounted Sunobi Tanto to Ko Wakazashi Signed Takeshige, circa 1700. Either a very long tanto [samurai dagger] or a short wakazashi [samurai short sword] The complete koshirae [mounts] of, fushi, kashira, menuki and tsuba are all of wonderful quality and beauty, and all depicting in deep takebori, the dragon in pure gold, over patinated, hand nanako ground, copper. The chisseling has created stunning detail and it is a true beauty in all respects. A very attractive undulating hamon with distinct Shinto period yakideshi, in nice bright polish. We are having a new bespoke saya made for it, and rebound the hilt [tsuka] as it was, in gold silk ito. The blade has a few old age pitting marks, and one around the size of a grain of rice around 5 inches from the tip. The saya is black sprial ishime lacquer. Blade tsuba to tip 15.25 inches, full length 22 inches.
A Fabulous Stielgranate WW2 Anti Tank Bomb, Would Penetrate 7" of Armour Part of a superb Third Reich collection of ordnance we have been thrilled to acquire. Designed during WW2 as a stop gap for an improved anti-tank weapon that would fit the 3.7cm PAK (panzerabwehrkanone) 36 anti-tank gun, which was already in service. The standard 3.7 Pak was not effective against the Russian T-34 Tanks, so ingeniously it was decided it was better to developed a new projectile than a whole new gun and thus waste a useful anti tank gun. It was known as the 3.7cm Stielgranate 41 or the 3.7cm Aufstek Geschoss (Attached projectile). This is a hollow charge weapon designed to penetrate thick armour by exploding just above the surface of the target, and melting a hole by using a shaped charge. Fitting into the barrel of the PAK36 gun and fired using a blank charge inserted in the breach. Weighing 8.6kg (19lb) with an effective range of 300m (328yds) it could penetrate 180mm (7inch) of armour plate.Inert and safe, no restrictions to ownership, but only for sale to over 18's and not suitable to export.
A Fabulous Tudor Period 'Dog of War' Multi Spiked Forged Iron Collar. 15th to 16th Century. In forged iron with it's multiple rows of spikes within a frame body, complete with it's circular neck shape form intact. Between years 1387-1388, in the ¨Hunting Book¨, Gastón Fébus speaks about dogs ¨Alaunts are able to cross all other bloods, to which it cuts their ears to evenness to avoid to them be wounded in the fight”. In Spain the great war dog was the alaunt or prey-dog, in Britain it was the similar Mastiff or Bull Mastiff. In the stories of the writers of the time, it was spoken of the Alaunts that the Spanish explorers took to cross the virgin forests of South America. There was some of these stories, in which they narrated an infinity of anecdotes with respect to intelligence, bravery and fidelity that owned the Alaunts. In March 24, 1495, within the Antilles was the first battle of the native Indians, and commanded by the Caonabo Cacique was a battle with dogs. The brother of Cristóbal, Bartolomé Colón, employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alaunts like Spanish forces. It was the “debut” of the Alaunts in the American Conquest. Some Alaunts deserved, for their services, that one pays to them their fair due. Fernandez de Oviedo speaks of a Alaunt called “Becerrillo", which always accompanied the conqueror Diego de Salazar. One said that ten soldiers with “Becerrillo", were made more fearful than more than one hundred soldiers without the dog. For that reason it had its part in booties, and received it's pay like any soldier. War Dogs were trained to fight in combat either against man or beasts such as bulls. We show pictures in the gallery of famous war dogs from the time of Ancient Rome by Romans, by Ancient Britons, being used in Medieval England and in the US Civil War.
A Fabulous Victorian Uniform of a Captain of the Pembrokeshire Hussars blue cloth with white facings, silver bullion lace and braid trim including pointed ornamental cuffs, Austrian knot devices to back, 17 loops, with plain silver plated buttons to chest, shoulder cords with regimental buttons and 3 embroidered rank stars, white silk lining, pair matching overalls with double silver lace stripe. Good Condition, the lace generally bright overall. The officer who wore this superb uniform served alongside Col Cropper as a fellow Captain of the Pembrokeshire Hussars. As we know not this uniform's officer's name we show with the gallery the details of Col. Croppers distinguished carrer in the Zulu War and both Boer Wars. Hussar refers to a number of types of light cavalry. This type of cavalry first appeared in the Hungarian army of King Matthias Corvinus. The title and distinctive dress of these horsemen was subsequently widely adopted by light cavalry regiments in European and other armies. The hussars played a prominent role as cavalry in the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815). As light cavalrymen mounted on fast horses, they would be used to fight skirmish battles and for scouting. Most of the great European powers raised hussar regiments. The armies of France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia had included hussar regiments since the mid-18th century. In the case of Britain, four light dragoon regiments were converted to hussars in 1806–1807. Hussars were notoriously impetuous, and Napoleon was quoted as stating that he would be surprised for a hussar to live beyond the age of 30, due to their tendency to become reckless in battle, exposing their weaknesses in frontal assaults. The hussars of Napoleon created the tradition of sabrage, the opening of a champagne bottle with a sabre. Moustaches were universally worn by Napoleonic-era hussars; the British hussars were the only moustachioed troops in the British Army—leading to their being taunted as being "foreigners", at times. French hussars also wore cadenettes, braids of hair hanging on either side of the face, until the practice was officially proscribed when shorter hair became universal. The uniform of the Napoleonic hussars included the pelisse, a short fur-edged jacket which was often worn slung over one shoulder in the style of a cape and was fastened with a cord. This garment was extensively adorned with braiding (often gold or silver for officers) and several rows of buttons. The dolman or tunic, which was also decorated in braid, was worn under it. The hussar's accoutrements included a Hungarian-style saddle covered by a shabraque, a decorated saddlecloth with long, pointed corners surmounted by a sheepskin. On active service, the hussar normally wore reinforced breeches which had leather on the inside of the leg to prevent them from wearing due to the extensive time spent in the saddle. On the outside of such breeches, running up each outer side, was a row of buttons, and sometimes a stripe in a different colour. A shako or fur kolpac (busby) was worn as headwear. The colours of the dolman, pelisse and breeches varied greatly by regiment, even within the same army. The French hussar of the Napoleonic period was armed with a brass-hilted sabre, a carbine and sometimes with a brace of pistols, although these were often unavailable. The British hussar was armed with, in addition to his firearms, the 1796-pattern light-cavalry sabre. British hussars also introduced the sabretache (a leather pouch hung from the swordbelt) to the British Army. A famous military commander in Bonaparte's army who began his military career as a hussar was Marshal Ney, who, after being employed as a clerk in an iron works, joined the 5th Hussars in 1787. He rose through the ranks of the hussars in the wars of Belgium and the Rhineland (1794–1798), fighting against the forces of Austria and Prussia before receiving his marshal's baton in 1804, after the Emperor Napoleon's coronation.
A Fabulous Wakizashi With Finest Quality Shakudo Fittings Signed Idzumi no Kami Fujiwara Kunesada, with samurai clan mon [crests]. A Good Samurai Shinto Wakizashi Blade Circa 1650 with clan mon engraved on the gilt habaki. Fully remounted in antique Edo fittings with no expense spared. Shakudo Kashira inlaid in gilt and Shibuichi of figures under a moon,. Fuchi, possibly Goto school depicting a dragon with gold highlights, in high relief, signed. Carved by Seiun sai Hiroshige koku. Edo Sukashi Tsuba of ponies. He was a highly rated smith and the father of Inoue Shinkai [Shinkai being one of the finest Shinto smiths ever to have lived]. The signature is very good but there is a distinct possibility it may be a school signature and not by him personally. Beautifully polished showing a super Sugaha hamon. Restored red lacquer saya of the Li clan. Rich, so-called 'Red Devil' red, was the distinctive colour and famous in Japanese samurai history, as the Li clan family’s colour, depicted with their imposing red lacquered suits of armour and weapons. Rich red, as opposed to the more usual black and brown, was worn by all from the lord down to the foot soldiers, and it marked them out on the battlefield and advertised their origin to those who stood opposed to them. Known as the Red Devils, samurai under the rule of the Ii family played an integral part in the battles that ended the civil war and raised Tokugawa Ieyasu to the office of shogun, gaining great fame and a fierce reputation. Ii Naomasa, served as one of Tokugawa Ieyasu's generals, and received the fief of Hikone in Omi Province as a reward for his conduct in battle at Sekigahara. The colour of their armour meant that they were the easiest to recognize on the painted screens that depicted the great events of Japanese history, showing that the Ii family understood the benefits of good public relations. The Ii and a few sub-branches remained daimyo for the duration of the Edo period. Ii Naomasa joined the ranks of the Tokugawa clan in the mid-1570s, rising swiftly through the ranks to eventually become the master of a sizable holding in Omi Province, following the Battle of Sekigahara (1600). His court title was Hyobu-dayu. Naomasa initially garnered mass attention at the Battle of Nagakute (1584), commanding around three thousand musketeers with distinction and defeating the forces led by Ikeda Tsuneoki. In the battle, Naomasa fought so valiantly that it elicited praise from Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who was on the opposing side. Following the battle, Hideyoshi's mother was sent to stay with Naomasa in genteel captivity, cementing an alliance between the Tokugawa and the Toyotomi. After Naomasa helped insure victory during the siege of Odawara (1590) by breaching the castle walls and contributing to the Hojo clan's surrender, he was given Minowa Castle in Kozuke and 120,000 koku, the largest amount of land owned by any of the Tokugawa retainers. Naomasa's finest hour was to come at the Battle of Sekigahara, where his unit outpaced those of other generals such as Fukushima Masanori, drawing the "first blood" of that battle. However, as the fighting was dying down, Naomasa was shot and wounded by a stray bullet during his attempt to prevent Shimazu Yoshihiro's getaway, a wound from which he would never fully recover. The wound also prevented his personal involvement in quelling the last vestiges of the anti-Tokugawa faction in the coming months. According to legend, Naomasa was feared so much by his own men, that when he was critically wounded at Sekigahara, not a single one of them committed ritual seppuku, the act of honour killing to prevent a samurai from falling into enemy hands, out of fear of retaliation. As such, Naomasa was able to regain his composure and escape with his life. The units Naomasa commanded on the battlefield were notable for being outfitted almost completely in blood-red armour for psychological impact, a tactic he adopted from Yamagata Masakage, one of Takeda Shingen's generals. As such, his unit became known as the "Red Devils", a nickname he shared. It has also been rumoured, although never confirmed, that Naomasa would sometimes wear a monkey mask into battle, including at Sekigahara. 30 inches long overall in saya, blade length 21 inches tsuba to tip
A Fabulous, Complete And Rare WW2 German Mobile Artillery Case Used by SS and Heer mountain troops and Luft Fallshirmjager, the small mobile artillery cannon was small enough to be transported through mountain terrain and even dropped on parachute troops. This is a complete shell and detonator case that takes 3 shells and complete with 2 fuze heads and 3 charge detonator bases with adjustable charge discs. This case is clearly marked Luft so likely for issue and use Luftwaffe Fallshirmjager. The 7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 could be air-dropped and had a maximum range of 6,800 m. Para-trained commandos of II/KG200 (also known as the 3rd Staffel of Kampfgeschwader 200), were a Luftwaffe special forces unit who were para-trained commandos. II./KG 200 remain a mostly unheard of arm of Germany's World War II parachute forces due to the nature of their role and were listed on II./KG 200's ORBAT as the 3rd Staffel. Shown with three complete shells heads and cases for demonstration only, but only two shells with heads are included, but with 3 steel shell cases
A Fabulous, Huge, 2nd Model 'Dragoon' Double Action Tranter Revolver Single trigger model. In fabulous condition for age, excellent action and much original blue remaining. These world famous second model Tranters were well recorded as being used by British officers during the Zulu War, in fact only a few years ago a relic of one was found under a rock at a famous battle site of the 1879 war, apparently also sold by Hayton of Grahamstown. World reknown Confederate General 'Jeb' Stuart' was also given the very same second model example [see photo] by his aide and friend, and used it in the Civil War. This is the big, Tranter 'Dragoon', a large calibre revolver sold by the famous South African gunsmith, John Hayton of Grahamstown. Of officer quality with blued finish, octagonal sighted barrel engraved around the muzzle and with scrolling foliage at the breech, blued border engraved top-strap with retailer's details, bright cylinder with knurled forward edge, blued border engraved frame, trigger-guard and ovoidal butt-cap decorated with scrolling foliage, blued hinged safety-stop and arbor-pin catch, bright foliate engraved patent rammer, and chequered rounded butt. John Hayton is recorded working in Grahamstown, South Africa, from about 1850 to 1873. He became famous as the designer of the Hayton or 'Cape' rifle. The Tranter revolver was a double-action cap & ball revolver invented around 1856 by English firearms designer William Tranter (1816–1890). Originally operated with a special dual-trigger mechanism (one to rotate the cylinder and cock the gun, a second to fire it) later models employed a single-trigger mechanism much the same as that found in the contemporary Beaumont-Adams Revolver. Early Tranter revolvers were generally versions of the various Robert Adams-designed revolver models, of which Tranter had produced in excess of 8000 revolvers by 1853. The first model of his own design used the frame of an Adams-type revolver, with a modification in the mechanism which he had jointly developed with James Kerr. The first model was sold under the name Tranter-Adams-Kerr. After the American Civil War, production continued of the Tranter percussion revolver (despite the increasingly availability of cartridge-firing designs) because many people thought percussion firearms were safer and cheaper than the "new-fangled" cartridge-based designs of the time. In 1863, Tranter secured the patent for rimfire cartridges in England, and started production using the same frame as his existing models. As early as 1868, Tranter had also began the manufacture of centrefire cartridge revolvers. Famous users of Tranter revolvers included Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, the Confederate General James Ewell Brown Stuart, and Ben Hall, the Australian bushranger, and Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes. It is also known that Dr Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the Gatling Gun owned a Tranter First Model (Pocket 109mm barrel) 80 bore retailed by Cogswell London in 1857. In 1878, Tranter received a contract from the British Army for the supply of revolvers for use in the Zulu War. Original antique percussion action revolver, no licence required in order to own or collect.
A Fabulous, Long, Ancient 'Dragon' Katana With Fine Blade, Signed Fittings Circa 1540, Yomato school. With a most beautiful, octagonal, sukashi, dragon pattern, namban iron tsuba 29.4 inch blade tsuba to tip. All the fittings are original Edo, and the fushi kashira [signed by their maker] the menuki [of particular fineness], and the tsuba are all decorated with the central dragon theme. The blade has a fabulous notare hamon and is truly wondrous. One might have to go a long way before one saw a sword with the combination of size, condition, and beauty all together in such a stunning yet reserved piece. In 1590 Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded in uniting Japan under his rule. After his death there was a power struggle between a coalition of Eastern clans led by Tokugawa Ieyasu and a Western coalition led by Ishida Mitsunari. Their final showdown occurred near the town of Sekigahara in 1600 AD. The armies were evenly matched. Mitsunari deployed his army to block the vital Nakasendo road, with Kobayakawa Hideaki's large clan in position to threaten the Eastern army's left flank. However Hideaki had secretly promised Ieyasu that he would switch sides once the battle started. The Eastern army launched a determined attack and made good progress. Slowly the Western army drove them back and began to counterattack. Mitsunari and Ieyasu both tried to convince Hideaki to intervene on their side. Finally he made his decision and charged down the hill right into the flank of the Western army. His betrayal was decisive, and the Western army was routed. In the years following the battle Ieyasu was able to consolidate his power and become the Shogun of Japan. Overall 40 inches long in saya
A Fabulous, Original, Cased Set of 3 German 15cm Howitzer Steel Shell Cases The box case still with it's original German Army camouflage paint. Each shell case is dated 1943. The 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 or sFH 18 (German: "heavy field howitzer, model 18"), nicknamed Immergrün ("Evergreen"), was the basic German division-level heavy howitzer during the Second World War, serving alongside the smaller but more numerous 10.5 cm leFH 18. It was based on the earlier, First World War-era design of the 15 cm sFH 13, and while improved over that weapon, it was generally outdated compared to the weapons it faced. It was, however, the first artillery weapon equipped with rocket-assisted ammunition to increase range. The sFH 18 was also used in the self-propelled artillery piece schwere Panzerhaubitze 18/1 (more commonly known as Hummel). The sFH 18 was one of Germany's three main 15 cm calibre weapons, the others being the 15 cm Kanone 18, a corps-level heavy gun, and the 15 cm sIG 33, a short-barreled infantry gun. The gun originated with a contest between Rheinmetall and Krupp, both of whom entered several designs that were all considered unsatisfactory for one reason or another. In the end the army decided the solution was to combine the best features of both designs, using the Rheinmetall gun on a Krupp carriage. The carriage was a relatively standard split-trail design with box legs. Spades were carried on the sides of the legs that could be mounted onto the ends for added stability. The carriage also saw use on the 10 cm schwere Kanone 18 gun. As the howitzer was designed for horse towing, it used an unsprung axle and hard rubber tires. A two-wheel bogie was introduced to allow it to be towed, but the lack of suspension made it unsuitable for towing at high speed. The inability of heavy artillery like the sFH 18 to keep up with the fast-moving tank forces was one of the reasons that the Luftwaffe invested so heavily in dive bombing, in order to provide a sort of "flying artillery" for reducing strongpoints. The gun was officially introduced into service on 23 May 1935, and by the outbreak of war the Wehrmacht had about 1,353 of these guns in service. Production continued throughout the war, reaching a peak of 2,295 guns in 1944 Inert empty and safe, but not suitable for export or for sale to under 18's.. Shown with three shells for demonstration but only two are included
A Fabulous, Rare, WW1 Austro-Hungarian Officer's Shako For collectors of scarce WW1 Austro-Hungarian artifacts this is an absolute beauty, and so rare to find in such superb pristine condition. Patent leather peak and two bands of gold bullion to top. Horse haip plume cockade with Emperor Franz Josef monogram. It was the assasination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in Serbia that was the cause for the greatest confluct known to man, The Great War or WW1 as it is known today. Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused the Central Powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and the Allies of World War I (countries allied with Serbia or Serbia's allies) to declare war on each other, starting World War I.After the death of Crown Prince Rudolf, Franz Joseph's nephew, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, became heir to the throne. On 28 June 1914, Franz Ferdinand and his morganatic wife, Countess Sophie Chotek, were assassinated on a visit to Sarajevo. When he heard the news of the assassination, Franz Joseph said that "one has not to defy the Almighty. In this manner a superior power has restored that order which I unfortunately was unable to maintain." While the emperor was shaken, and interrupted his vacation in order to return to Vienna, he soon resumed his vacation to his imperial villa at Bad Ischl. With the emperor five hours away from the capital, most of the decision-making during the "July Crisis" fell to Count Leopold Berchtold, the Austrian foreign minister, Count Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, the chief of staff for the Austrian army, and the rest of the ministers. On 21 July, Franz Joseph was apparently surprised by the severity of the ultimatum that was to be sent to the Serbs, and expressed his concerns that Russia would be unwilling to stand idly by, yet he nevertheless chose to not question Berchtold's judgment.A week after the ultimatum, on 28 July, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and two days later, the Austro-Hungarians and the Russians went to war. Within weeks, the French and British entered the fray. Because of his age, Franz Joseph was unable to take as much as an active part in the war in comparison to past conflicts. On 28 July, the Austro-Hungarians fired the first shots in preparation for the invasion of Serbia.[12][13] As Russia mobilised, Germany invaded neutral Belgium and Luxembourg before moving towards France, leading Britain to declare war on Germany. After the German march on Paris was halted, what became known as the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, with a trench line that would change little until 1917. Meanwhile, on the Eastern Front, the Russian army was successful against the Austro-Hungarians, but was stopped in its invasion of East Prussia by the Germans. In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the war, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia and the Sinai. Italy and Bulgaria went to war in 1915, Romania in 1916, and the United States in 1917. The war approached a resolution after the Russian government collapsed in March 1917, and a subsequent revolution in November brought the Russians to terms with the Central Powers. On 4 November 1918, the Austro-Hungarian empire agreed to an armistice. After a 1918 German offensive along the western front, the Allies drove back the Germans in a series of successful offensives and began entering the trenches. Germany, which had its own trouble with revolutionaries, agreed to an armistice on 11 November 1918, ending the war in victory for the Allies. A group photo in the gallery of men wearing similar helmets probably belong to the k.u.k. Husarenregiment Graf von Hadik Nr. 3, which was founded in 1703. The men of this unit came from Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Croatia. This unit was based in Sopron (today in Hungary), where this picture was taken. Another very similar helmet is worn by Frédéric de Teschen, Arch Duke of Austria, Duc de Teschen. Another photo in the gallery of Arch Duke Joseph Auguste of Austria wearing his near identical Shako, and lastly a photo of the assassin of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand captured by men [also wearing their shako helmets]. This wonderful helmet was made in the late 19th century and used through WW1.
A Fascinating & Beautiful Double Barrel Queen Anne Flintlock By Bumford of London. Twin turn off barrels, silver grotesque mask butt cap and escutcheon, finely engraved sideplates and trigger guard and Bumfords personal proof stamps to the barrel breech. Twin hammer and trigger box lock action, all in good working order and with crescent form double safety slide. This is a stunning pistol that were often used by senior officers, or wealthy and influential figures of distinguished families from the 18th century. Such as General Sir John Cope who was one of the commanders of British Forces fighting Charles Stuart [the Pretender Bonnie Prince Charlie] in Scotland. He was defeated at the Battle of Prestonpans, with a force of around 2500 men, by the army of Prince Charles. Another would be General James Montgomery who was a hero of the Revolutionary War. He was a gentleman of Anglo Irish descent who first served in the British Army in the Americas, but through his Whig ideals went on to become one of Washington's loyal Generals. He was on the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence and led the army into the Invasion of Canada. He died at the Battle of Quebec, in December 1775, after capturing Montreal. A pair of fine Queen Anne style pistols were presented by Captain Hardy to Admiral Nelson and are in the National Maritime Collection [exhibit number E857] They are inscribed on the Silver escutcheon To Adm. Nelson from his Friend Cpt. Hardy June 1801. Larger size Queen Anne Cannon Barrel Pistols are highly collectable and double barrelled very scarce indeed. 11.25 inches long overall As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. Consignment sale.
A Fascinating Bronze Age Spear or Lance Around 3400 Years Old It is mounted on an early haft in the early wire bound manner. The old haft is a later replacement. Spearheads were mostly made in two-piece moulds which have been found in Ireland and the Highlands. During the Early Bronze Age soft stone moulds were used but in the late Bronze Age clay moulds became more popular. There is no evidence to indicate that bronze moulds were used to cast spearheads. After casting a spearhead would have been finished, hammered and occasionally decorated. The remains of hafts are occasionally recovered inside spearheads and they indicate that hafts were mostly made of ash and pinewood. Looped spearheads were probably secured by a cord or leather thong. Pegged spearheads would have been pegged to the spear haft by bronze or wooden pegs. The variation of spearhead size indicates they may have been used for different purposes. For example smaller spearheads may have been thrown while larger ones may have been used as thrusting weapons. Evidence suggests that they were used in warfare and hunting. Some large decorative and barbed spearheads may have been used in ceremonies as appear to be too large and valuable for fighting or hunting. Like many weapons, a spear may also be a symbol of power. In the Chinese martial arts community, the Chinese spear is popularly known as the "king of weapons". The Celts would symbolically destroy a dead warrior's spear either to prevent its use by another or as a sacrificial offering. In classical Greek mythology Zeus' bolts of lightning may be interpreted as a symbolic spear. Some would carry that interpretation to the spear that frequently is associated with Athena, interpreting her spear as a symbolic connection to some of Zeus' power beyond the Aegis once he rose to replacing other deities in the pantheon. Athena was depicted with a spear prior to that change in myths, however. Chiron's wedding-gift to Peleus when he married the nymph Thetis in classical Greek mythology, was an ashen spear as the nature of ashwood with its straight grain made it an ideal choice of wood for a spear. The Romans and their early enemies would force prisoners to walk underneath a 'yoke of spears', which humiliated them. The yoke would consist of three spears, two upright with a third tied between them at a height which made the prisoners stoop. It has been surmised that this was because such a ritual involved the prisoners' warrior status being taken away. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the arrangement has a magical origin, a way to trap evil spirits.The word subjugate has its origins in this practice In Norse Mythology, the God Odin's spear (named Gungnir) was made by the sons of Ivaldi. It had the special property that it never missed its mark. During the War with the Vanir, Odin symbolically threw Gungnir into the Vanir host. This practice of symbolically casting a spear into the enemy ranks at the start of a fight was sometimes used in historic clashes, to seek Odin's support in the coming battle. In Wagner's opera Siegfried, the haft of Gungnir is said to be from the "World-Tree" Yggdrasil. Other spears of religious significance are the Holy Lance and the Lúin of Celtchar, believed by some to have vast mystical powers. Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough noted the phallic nature of the spear and suggested that in the Arthurian Legends the spear or lance functioned as a symbol of male fertility, paired with the Grail (as a symbol of female fertility). The picture in the gallery is of the Norse god Odin, carrying the spear Gungnir on his ride to Hel, note the thickness of the haft and the binding of the tang. The central rib has had an old repair on the blade. Blade 15.5 inches long [not including tang]
A Fascinating WW1 British Army Tunneller's Belt With Badges and Buttons With badges and collar badges and buttons of the Rifle Brigade, the Royal Engineers [tunneling companies], and The Labour Corps. A souvenir from a soldier serving in a special emplacement in WW1 that had a detachment of all three men. Such as the tunnel companies at Messines to set giant mines under German lines. It is said and portrayed in a few films and documentaries that this work was some of the most horrifically awful imaginable. Digging underground is frightful enough, but to then to be dug into the British tunnel by the German counter-tunnellers, and to then face fearfull hand to hand combat with German assault troops, must have been simply terrifying. General Plumer had begun plans to take the Messines Ridge a year early in early-1916. Meticulous in manner, Plumer preferred to plan for limited successes rather than gamble all on a significant breakthrough. In preparing for the Messines battle he had authorised the laying of 22 mine shafts underneath German lines all along the ridge, his plan being to detonate all 22 at zero hour at 03:10 on 7 June 1917, to be followed by infantry attacks so as to secure the ridge from the presumably dazed German defenders, the infantry heavily supported by the use of artillery bombardments, tanks and the use of gas. Work on laying the mines began some 18 months before zero hour. One mine, at Petite Douve Farm, was discovered by German counter miners on 24 August 1916 and destroyed. A further two mines close to Ploegsteert Wood were not exploded as they were outside the planned attack area. In the face of active German counter-mining, 8,000 metres of tunnel were constructed under German lines. Occasionally the tunnellers would encounter German counterparts engaged in the same task: underground hand to hand fighting would ensure.
A Fascinating WW1 German Sniper's Shield Loophole With Bullet Hits. Soldiers in front-line trenches suffered from enemy snipers. These men were usually specially trained marksmen that had rifles with telescopic sights. German snipers did not normally work from their own trenches. The main strategy was to creep out at dawn into no-man's land and remain there all day. Wearing camouflaged clothing and using the cover of a fake tree, they waited for a British soldier to pop his head above the parapet. A common trick was to send up a kite with English writing on it. Anyone who raised his head to read it was shot. They also used a steel plate with a loophole for their Mauser sniper rifle. This is a super example and it shows at least one bullt strike upon it. There were many variants in these shields from lightweight models to huge, fully wheeled contraptions. This is the 'standard' German model, the 'Infanterieschild' from 1916. The front has curved edges to protect the user from bullet splash or richochets. The position of the opening allows maximum protection for right handed soldiers and normally a movable cover is fitted to protect the rifle slot. To the rear there used to be supports to allow the shield to be self-supporting on flat terrain. Many were designed to be portable on the battlefield. Normally they would have been dug into the trench system or used in large numbers as part of short term or even semi-permanant strong points or sniper posts in trench systems. 18 inches x 23.5 inches
A Fascinting Early Ern Shaw Labour Party Propaganda Poster A rare collectors piece. He created cartoon propaganda cartoon posters for the Labour Party and for election campaigns from the 1920's, and this is one of his most unusual and rarest to survive. A very fine original example and perfect for the political collector or as a piece of highly evocative art of the pre war style. Ern Shaw was a prolific cartoonist in the city of Hull. His pen strokes covered every area from newspapers and magazines to card games, puzzles and children's colouring books. Born in Hull in 1891, his opening into cartoonery came at the age of 12 when he published his first cartoon - the result of a competition organised by the local press - seen as the seed of Ern Shaw's 70 year-long career. Dingbats, Binky, Toodles, Twanky Scamp and Giddy Goat were some of the cartoon characters he had drawn up. Shaw spent a lifetime creating colourful characters. His only artistic training was via a correspondence course, which he took several years after leaving school. 20 x 30 inches sold unframed.
A Fine & Beautiful Antique Fijian Ula Throwing Club A cerved hardwood throwing club "ula". With fine globed assymetrical head with top knob, and geometric carved patterning on the haft. It is perhaps the most famous and recognizable of all oceanic weapons. The ula was the most personal weapon of the Fijian warrior and was inserted into a man's fibre girdle sometimes in pairs like pistols. The throwing of the ula was achieved with great skill, precision and speed. It was often carried in conjunction with a heavier full length club or spear which served to finish an opponent after initially being disabled by a blow from the ula. Was made by a specialist from a variety of uprooted bushes or shrubs. Across 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from east to west, Fiji has been a nation of many languages. Fiji's history was one of settlement but also of mobility. Over the centuries, a unique Fijian culture developed. Constant warfare and cannibalism between warring tribes were quite rampant and very much part of everyday life.[22] During the 19th century, Ratu Udre Udre is said to have consumed 872 people and to have made a pile of stones to record his achievement."Ceremonial occasions saw freshly killed corpses piled up for eating. 'Eat me!' was a proper ritual greeting from a commoner to a chief. The posts that supported the chief's house or the priest's temple would have sacrificed bodies buried underneath them, with the rationale that the spirit of the ritually sacrificed person would invoke the gods to help support the structure, and "men were sacrificed whenever posts had to be renewed" . Also, when a new boat, or drua, was launched, if it was not hauled over men as rollers, crushing them to death, "it would not be expected to float long" . Fijians today regard those times as "na gauna ni tevoro" (time of the devil). The ferocity of the cannibal lifestyle deterred European sailors from going near Fijian waters, giving Fiji the name Cannibal Isles; as a result, Fiji remained unknown to the rest of the world.
A Fine & Beautiful Shinshinto Katana By Tokumune of Hitachi Signed Hitachi Tokumune, Dated blade The blade with two mekugi-ana, notare-midare hamon, fully bound tsuka with shakudo-nanako fuchi-kashira decorated with peonies in gold and silver, shakudo and gold floral menuki, and circular iron sukashi tsuba chiselled and pierced with flowering branches, in its black lacquered saya complete with shakudo-nanako kodzuka and kogai each decorated with different leaves and flowers in shakudo and gold. Hitachi Kuni Mito ju Tokumune 65 cm. Blade. The blade shows a beautiful hamon [with crab claw] and very good grain to the hada. 26.5 inch blade length, Tsuba to tip. Overall 39 inches long in saya
A Fine & Beautiful Shinto Samurai Tanto Hira-zukuri Koshi-zori form, in full polish, Omokumi Hada, Midare based on Notare Hamon, in Shirasaya. Mumei Tang
A Fine 17th Century Italian Stilletto With all steel hilt and triangular triple edged slender blade. Hounds head quillon baluster grip. A truly elegant piece of great style.
A Fine 1875 Pattern Japanese Officer's Parade Sabre In superb condition with original gilt hilt, steel blade with pseudo hamon, and plated steel scabbard. Based on the European style of sabre that the Meiji and Taisho Emporor's General Staff designated for officer use, by the Japanese Army. They were used in the disastrous Japanese-Russian War in which both countries almost bankrupted themselves in a conflict that effectively destroyed Russia as a world power for several decades, and into WW1. There is a photo in the gallery of Emperor Taisho wearing his same sword. The Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were Southern Manchuria, specifically the area around the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden; and the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea. Russia sought a warm water port on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. Vladivostok was only operational during the summer season, but Port Arthur would be operational all year. From the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, negotiations between Russia and Japan had proved impractical. Russia had demonstrated an expansionist policy in Manchuria dating back to the reign of Ivan of the Terrible in the 16th century. Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea as a Japanese sphere of influence. Russia refused this, and demanded that Korea north of the 39th parallel be a neutral buffer zone between Russia and Japan. The Japanese government perceived a Russian threat to its strategic interests and chose to go to war. After the negotiations had broken down in 1904, the Japanese Navy opened hostilities by attacking the Russian eastern fleet at Port Arthur, a naval base in the Liaotung province leased to Russia by China.
A Fine 1889 Pattern German Infantry Officer's Sword of The Great War However, it does have a combat-broken two piece blade. Likely this sword was brought back to England by a soldier who took it from an officer he fought or took surrender from. Due to the dishonour of surrender it was not ususual for a German officer, upon capture in battle, to snap his swords blade in two, in disgust, and to caste in down at the feet of his victorious protagonist. 1889 Pattern Prussian Officers sword with folding Eagle guard and black steel combat scabbard. Used by an Infantry officer serving in the Great War. The gilt hilt shows signs of gilt wear but this is to be expected and was was used in most uncomfortable circumstances in the trenches of WW1. Many of these swords were also used in the 3rd Reich by veteran officers serving in WW2. Numerous Vintage photographs of WW2 German Officers show them wearing this pattern of sword. Priced to reflect the condition of the blade. However, it could be weld repaired [by a skilled steel welder].
A Fine 19th Century Ivory and Silver Mounted Burmese Dha Dagger This fine example of a Burmese dagger (dha-hmyaung) a slightly curved, single-edged steel blade; and an ivory hilt with silver mounts. The hilt collar is of silver embellished with a band of finely plaited silver. The blade is fully inlaid with silver mythical beast and mythical bird surrounded by scrolls and a Burmese script panel. Far more frequently they a found with plain blades, and sometimes with small silver inlays but most infrequently with fully inlaid silver décor. 11 inches long overall
A Fine and Beautiful 1803 King George IIIrd Light Infantry Sabre The blade is superbly engraved with a standing figure of Britannia, the royal crest and royal cypher of King George IIIrd, stands of arms, flags, standards and banners, and with a lot of it's original gilt highlighting the engraving. Used in the Peninsular War, Waterloo & The War of 1812 by a British Officer of a light infantry regiment. A singularly beautiful sword that was designed for battle but was superbly serviceable for full dress. It has a carved slotted hilt with the pierced cypher of King George IIIrd as the inner design within the knuckle bow and adorned with a wonderfully detailed lion's head pommel, with fine triple wire binding around the spiral grip. It has a fully engraved blade with all the devices of King George IIIrd. making a sword several times more expensive to commission than a standard plain blade. This is the pattern of British Officer's sword carried by gentlemen who relished the idea of combat, but found the standard 1796 Infantry pattern sword too light for good combat. The light infantry regiments were made up of officers exactly of that mettle. The purpose of the rifles light infantry regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen and officers were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The standard British infantry and light infantry regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rearguard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo. With traditional pierced slotted hilt with pierced relief cypher of King George IIIrd, lion's head pommel and fish skin grip with multi wire binding. Copper gilt and leather mounted scabbard. Deeply curved plain blade with some signs of combat wear etc.The 1803 Sabre has frequently described as one of the most beautiful swords ever carried, and it was used, in combat, in some of the greatest and most formidable battles ever fought by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe the Peninsular Campaign and Waterloo. This is a very attractive sword indeed and highly desirable, especially for devotees of the earliest era of the British Rifle Regiments, such as the 95th and the 60th. As a footnote, in Bernard Cornwall's books of 'Sharpe of the 95th', this is the Sabre Major Sharpe would have carried if he hadn't used the Heavy Cavalry Pattern Troopers Sword, given to him in the story in the first novel. Overall this battle cum dress sword is in very good order and quite stunning. In original leather and brass mounted scabbard. Overall in very nice order,and condition, but the blade last quarter has pitting and edge losses. The wirebound shagreen grip is very good, but there are small losses to the skin on one side near the bottom, and movement in the guard. Last picture in the gallery of a portrait of the Marquess of Londonderry [in his informal everyday uniform] carrying his sabre across his shoulder with a somewhat laissez-faire manner. General and diplomat; one of the foremost participants in the Napoleonic War and its political aftermath. As a dashing officer Stewart acted as Wellington's Adjutant-General (1809–1812), distinguishing himself at the Douro, Talavera and Badajoz. Consignment sale
A Fine and Rare Caucasian Cossack Pistol 18th to 19th Century Fine striped wood stock possibly elm. Overlaid with decorated metalwork. Shortened steel barrel and typical miquelet lock and ball trigger. During the French Revolutionary War the Don and Ural Cossacks were in the vanguard of the Austrian and Russian armies in 1799, their military prowess soon got the attention of Europe and the Russians under Marshal Suvorov proved equal to the French armies. Western Europe also felt the depredation of the Cossacks for the first time as they foraged for food, taking what they needed from the local population. In 1800 the Russian armies returned home. The Cossacks next military campaign saw them thrust into one of the strangest schemes of Tsar Paul I, known to his subjects as the “Madman”. After renouncing an alliance with Britain, Paul’s plan, hatched in conjunction with Napoleon, was to attack India and retake lost French holdings from the British. A force of 22,000 Don Cossacks was assembled under the command of Cossack Major-General Matvei Platov, General Basel Orlov led the expedition. The expedition set off on 12 January 1801 in the depths of winter, their aim to march to Bukhara on the Silk Road, through Afghanistan to northern India then down the Ganges. Buy the time that had cleared the Steppe and entered the deserts of central Asia their supplies had already dwindled, but they were reprieved when a messenger caught them three weeks into the trek. Paul had been assassinated and the expedition was called off. A march to certain death had been avoided. The new Tsar Alexander I was soon involved in war in Europe and in 1805 Cossacks were at the head of a Russian army heading for Austria to aid them against Napoleon. During the intervening years Alexander had increased the number of Cossacks in service to 50 Regiments totalling 50,000 men, over half from the Don. Cossack uniforms were standardised to some extent and some Cossacks served as infantry and horse artillery. For the Russians the battle of Austerlitz was a disaster, but the Russian army would improve and its Generals would become more able to deal with Napoleon’s style of war. From 1805 to 1815 the Cossack would be involved in even Russian battle and campaign and would earn a fearsome reputation. After Napoleons defeat in Russia in 1812 it was the Cossack who harried the French retreat all the way back to Germany. After the 1813 German campaign, Cossacks left memories of terror imbedded in the minds of the German population that would be rekindled in 1945. 19th Century During the European revolutions of the 1830s and 1840s Cossacks were used extensively to crush uprisings. Tsar Nicolas I used them to crush the Poles in Russian Poland and Cossack regiments were sent into Hungary and Czechoslovakia to aid the Austrians against uprisings. The pistol has a very old crack through the butt [although perfectly sound] that likely occurred during it's working life. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Bladed Shingunto Officer's Sword Signed, Fully Polished Blade. Fully combat covered in leather over wooden mounts. Brass tsuba of chrysanthemum type. Wonderful blade with undulating midare hamon. A WW2 tradfitional officers sword used in the Japanese Islands and surrendered in 1945. Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. The attack severely damaged the American fleet and prevented, at least for the short term, serious American interference with Japanese military operations. In response, the United States declared war on Japan. Following Germany's declaration of war on the United States, the United States also declared war on Germany. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan achieved a long series of military successes. In December 1941, Guam and Wake Island fell to the Japanese, followed in the first half of 1942 by the Philippines, the Dutch East Indies, Hong Kong, Malaya, Singapore, and Burma. Thailand remained officially neutral. Only in mid-1942 were Australian and New Zealander forces in New Guinea and British forces in India able to halt the Japanese advance. The turning point in the Pacific war came with the American naval victory in the Battle of Midway in June 1942. The Japanese fleet sustained heavy losses and was turned back. In August 1942, American forces attacked the Japanese in the Solomon Islands, forcing a costly withdrawal of Japanese forces from the island of Guadalcanal in February 1943. Allied forces slowly gained naval and air supremacy in the Pacific, and moved methodically from island to island, conquering them and often sustaining significant casualties. The Japanese, however, successfully defended their positions on the Chinese mainland until 1945
A Fine Caucasian Priming Flask in Silver and Brass. 18th -19th Century. This priming powder flask was used to carry small grain gunpowder. A measured quantity of powder was drawn off by using the spring-loaded pivoting cap on the nozzle.The case is silver and brass nicely tooled and decorated. Firearms became more and more sophisticated during the 16th-century but still required a number of accessories to load and operate them. The main charge, placed in the barrel with the shot, was carried in the powder flask. Smaller priming flasks contained fine-grain powder for priming the pans of wheel-lock firearms. Flasks were attached to a bandolier, a type of sling worn over the shoulder or around the waist, from which hung the various accessories required for a weapon including spanners for the mechanism, measured charges, powder flasks and priming flasks. The flasks were continually used in much the same way right throughout the evolution of the firearm until the 1870's and the development of cartridge taking guns where loose powder was no longer required. Arms and armour are rarely associated with art. However, they were influenced by the same design sources as other art forms including architecture, sculpture, goldsmiths' work, stained glass and ceramics. These sources had to be adapted to awkwardly shaped devices required to perform complicated technical functions. Armour and weapons were collected as works of art as much as military tools. Like the pistols and guns that accompanied them, decorated flasks were costly items. Inlaid firearms and flasks reflected the owners' status and were kept as much for display as for use. Daggers, firearms, gunpowder flasks and stirrups worn with the most expensive clothing projected an image of the fashionable man-at-arms. The most finely crafted items were worn as working jewellery. 4 inches across approx.
A Fine English Percussion Sidelock Overcoat Pistol By Tipping and Lawden A beauty of a pistol circa 1830 by one of the great names of British gun making. The side lock overcoat pistol was a most useful arm firing a large calibre ball. They were on Constitution Hill, were one of the 20 members of the Birmingham Small Arms Trading Company Limited (along with Hollis & Sheath, Joseph Swinburn and Thomas Turner forming the "big four") and were taken over by Webley & Scott in 1887. They were renown exhibitors in the 1851 Great Exhibition. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Gras Rifle Sword Bayonet, Matching Numbers, Dessert Camo Paint. The blade is excellent as are the mounts. Dated blade 1878. Used for almost 70 years in service. Desert camouflage paint may indicate Foreign Legionary use. The Gras rifle had a calibre of 11mm and used black powder centrefire cartridges that weighed 25 grams. It was a robust and hard-hitting weapon, but it had no magazine and so could only fire one shot after loading. It also had a triangular-shaped sword bayonet, known as the Model 1874 "Gras" sword bayonet. It was replaced by the Lebel rifle in 1886, the first rifle to use smokeless gunpowder. In the meantime, about 400,000 Gras rifles had been manufactured. The metallic-cartridge Gras was manufactured in response to the development of the metallic cartridge designed by Colonel Boxer in 1866 (Boxer cartridge), and the British 1870 Martini-Henry rifle. Those were soon emulated by the Germans with the 1871 Mauser. The Hellenic Army adopted the Gras in 1877, and it was used in all conflicts up until the Second World War. It became the favourite weapon of Greek guerrilla fighters, from the various revolts against the Ottoman Empire to the resistance against the Axis, acquiring legendary status. The name entered the Greek language, and grades was a term colloquially applied to all rifles during the first half of the 20th century. It was manufactured by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne, one of several government-owned arms factories in France. However most of the Gras rifles (60,000) used by the Hellenic military were manufactured under licence by Steyr in Austria. The Gras rifle was partly the inspiration for the development of the Japanese Murata rifle, Japan's first locally-made service rifle. It saw service in the following conflicts; The French colonial expeditions Sino-French War War of the Pacific Chilean Civil War of 1891 Thousand Days' War Greco-Turkish War (1897) Balkan Wars World War I Greco-Turkish War (1919–22) Spanish Civil War World War II
A Fine Indo Persian Dhal Shield With Gold & Silver Koftgari Work Probably 18th to 19th century. Decorated with four central scalloped and pierced bosses and gold inlaid panels showing tigers attacking antelopes, and some form of diety or warrior. The rolled edge rimm is bordered with patterns of silver koftgari. The interesting feature is the diety/ warrior appears to be armoured, and in one panel is holding aloft two severed heads. Still with it's inner padded liner. This has just returned from the workshop being expertly cleaned and conserved for future generations . When it arrived it was almost all black, and has required over 40 hours work to clean to museum exhibition grade. Dhal. The Indian shield, also used in Persia (sipar) and other countries in between. It is nearly always round and varies in diameter from about eight inches to twenty four inches. Some Dhal shields are nearly flat while others are strongly convex, or curved. The edges may be flat or rolled back in the reverse direction to that of the curvature of the shield. It is held by two handles fastened to ring bolts that pass through the shield and are riveted to bosses on the outside. Between the handles there is a square cushion for the knuckles to rest against. The handles are so placed that, when tightly grasped, they force the backs of the fingers against the cushion giving a very firm and comfortable hold. Some Persian shields have three handles, two placed at the center as usual, and the third near the edge. The arm can be passed through the third loop and the center handles held in the hand; or it can be held by the center handles only. The steel shields are usually inlaid with gold, silver and precious stones. The entire surface is sometimes covered with inscriptions. The hide shields are decorated with gilding and painting, the best with lac. The bosses are always ornamental, either by their shape alone, or through inlaying with gold, silver and jewels. The metal shields are lined generally with velvet, sometimes embroidered with colors, gold or silver. Shields were formerly made in Persia of concentric rings of cane covered with silk threads woven on in patterns. Most of those we know were captured at Vienna after the siege by the Turks
A Fine Old Large Ship Model of a British Naval 100 Gunner Ship of the Line A Beautiful George IIIrd model of an unrigged 100 Gunner 'Ship of the Line' such as HMS Victory. In a large glazed case. Most likely mid Victorian. Collection from store only, delivery not available. 36 inches x 17 inches x 23inches [case size]
A Fine Original Chapka Plate for the 9th Royal Lancers WW1 Issue With all battle honours up to the Boer War. The last Lancer regiment to engage in Lance on Lance combat in WW1. The chapka was a type of helmet worn by 19th century Polish light cavalry and later adopted by another nations, including Britain. During the Second Boer War, 1899-1902, the Lancers took part in the following actions: Belmont, Battle of Modder River, Magerfonstien, Relief of Kimberley, and the following Battle of Paardeberg which resulted in Cronje’s surrender. They provided Lord Roberts’ escort for his state entry into Bloemfontein. After the war, the 9th returned to Sialkot in the Punjab Although engaged in combat for the whole of the war the Lancers only operated as a cavalry unit during 1914. This was due to the widespread use of machine guns and shelling and also the advent of the tank. For the remainder of the war they operated as infantry in the trenches. Notable events included a Victoria Cross for Captain Francis Octavius Grenfell for his actions in saving the guns of 119th Battery, Royal Field Artillery on 24 August 1914 (he was later killed in action on 24 May 1915, as was his twin brother, Riversdale, a yeomanry officer who attached to 9th Lancers), and the regiment's participation in the final "lance on lance" action of the First World War on 7 September 1914 at Moncel in which Lieutenant Colonel David Campbell led a charge of two troops of B Squadron and overthrew a squadron of the 1st Guard Dragoons. After Campbell left on promotion he was replaced as commanding officer by Desmond Beale-Browne. . By the end of the war 274 Lancers had died. In August 1914 Hume's regiment was in Belgium with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). On 24 August during the Battle of Mons, they charged a large body of German infantry who were advancing to encircle the 5th Division at Audregnies. This famous action saw Captain Francis Grenfell win the Victoria Cross. The 9th Queen's Royal Lancers, or the Delhi Spearmen, were a cavalry regiment of the British Army. They are best known for their roles in the Indian mutiny of 1857, the WW1 Charge at Mons, and for their part in the North African campaign of World War II including the retreat to and the battle of El Alamein in 1942.The 9th Queen's Royal Lancers were originally formed during the Jacobite Risings in 1715. They were formed by Major-General Owen Wynne and were the second cavalry regiment in the British Army. They were initially known as the "9th Dragoons" or "Wynne's Dragoons". In 1717, the regiment embarked for Ballinrobe, in Ireland, and was placed on the Irish establishment. In 1783 they converted into Light Dragoons, becoming the 9th Light Dragoons, and served in the Irish Rebellion of 1798, Sir Samuel Auchmuty's expedition to the River Plate in 1803, the occupation of Montevideo and Wellington's Peninsula War between 1811 and 1813. In 1816 they were constituted Lancers and in 1830 were given the distinguished title of "Queen's Royal", in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV, hence becoming the 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. The Lancers were first posted to India during the Gwalior Campaign of 1843. They subsequently took part in the First Anglo-Sikh War of 1845-46 and the Second Anglo-Sikh War of 1848-49 where they were often led by Sir Hope Grant and were the first recipients of the Bronze Star Medal. During the Indian mutiny of 1857, the 9th Lancers earned the name the Delhi Spearmen, a name which is believed to have been given to them by the mutineers themselves. 9th Lancers was present in all three of the most notable events associated with the Indian mutiny, namely, the seizure of Delhi, the seizure of Lucknow and the relief of Lucknow. For their actions the Lancers were awarded twelve Victoria Crosses, more than any other cavalry regiment. They were described by an ally as:- "The beau ideal of all that British Cavalry ought to be in Oriental countries".
A Fine Pair of Hudiedao Ching Dynasty Chinese Swords This is a spectacular pair of early 1800's Chinese double swords [contained within one scabbard] that have over the years been cleaned and brightly polished. Their appearance must not confuse them with modern Chinese copies. These are original, Ching dynasty period swords, as used in the Green Army of Guangdong Province in the 1830's and in the Opium Wars. Their original leather scabbard is also in very fine condition and bears the decorative pierced geometric embellishments typical of the era. We reference below a small section from 'A Social and Visual History of the Hudiedao (Butterfly Sword) in the Southern Chinese Martial Arts.' By Ben Judkins. Nathan Dunn is an important figure in early 19th century America’s growing understanding of China. He was involved in the “Old China Trade” and imported teas, silks and other goods from Guangdong to the US. Eventually he became very wealthy and strove to create a more sympathetic understanding of China and its people in the west.?"I found it interesting that Dunn would associate the double sword with “hamstringing” (the intentional cutting of the Achilles tendon) an opponent. In his 1801 volume on crime and punishment George Henry Mason included an illustration of a prisoner being “hamstrung” with a short, straight bladed knife. This was said to be a punishment for attempting to escape prison or exile. He noted that there was some controversy as to whether this punishment was still in use or if legal reformers in China had succeeded in doing away with it. It is possible that Dunn’s description (or more likely, that of his Chinese agent) on page 51 is a memory of the “judicial” use of the hudiedao by officers of the state against socially deviant aspects of society. These are the earliest references to “double swords” in southern China that I have been able to locate. Already by the 1820s these weapons were seen as something uniquely Chinese, hence it is not surprising that they would find their way into the collections and cabinets of early merchants and military officers.". " It is interesting to note that the term “hudiedao,” or “butterfly sword,” never appears in any of the 19th century English language accounts that I have examined. Invariably these records and illustrations refer instead to “double swords.” A number of them go to lengths to point out that this is a weapon unique to China. Its defining characteristic seems to be that the two blades are fitted together in such a way that they can be placed in a shared opening to one sheath. Some accounts (but not all) go on to describe heavy D guards and the general profile of the blade. I used these more detailed accounts (from the 1830s) and engravings and photos (from the 1840s and 1850s) to try and interpret some of the earlier and briefer descriptions (from the 1820s)" The conventional wisdom is that “double swords” were never a “regulation” weapon and were instead issued only to civilian “braves” and gentry led militia units which were recruited by the governor of Guangdong, and the Green Standard Army in Guangdong, in his various clashes with the British in the 1830's. In the gallery we shows photographs and magazine articles from the 1840's to 1860's all depicting Chinese weapons in National Collections, and showing the Hudiedao
A Fine Prussian 2nd Imperial Garde Uhlan [Lancers] Regiment Officer's Sword Fully etched blade with the Imperial Garde Garter Star motif and regimental name of the [Imperial Prussian] Garde 2nd Uhlan Regiment. Included in the officers of the 2nd Garde Uhlans was Field Marshal Count Alfred Graf von Schlieffen who joined the 2nd Garde Uhlans as a young officer in Berlin. He first saw active war service as a staff officer with the Prussian Cavalry Corps, in the uhlans, at the Battle of Königgrätz of 1866, during the Austro-Prussian War. His carrer saw rapid promotion due to his obvious tactical skills. He became Lieutenant General on 4 December 1888, and eventually General of the Cavalry on 27 January 1893., follwed by Field Marshal. Schlieffen was perhaps the best-known contemporary strategist of his time, although criticized for his "narrow-minded military scholasticism." Schlieffen's operational theories were to have a profound impact on the development of maneuver warfare in the twentieth century, largely through his seminal treatise, Cannae, which concerned the decidedly un-modern battle of 216 BC in which Hannibal defeated the Romans. Cannae had two main purposes. First, it was to clarify, in writing, Schlieffen's concepts of maneuver, particularly the maneuver of encirclement, along with other fundamentals of warfare. Second, it was to be an instrument for the Staff, the War Academy, and for the Army all together. Schlieffen held that the destruction of an attacking force required that it be surrounded and attacked from all sides until it surrendered, and not merely repulsed as in a 'passive' defense:His theories were studied exhaustively, especially in the higher army academies of the United States and Europe after World War I. American military thinkers thought so highly of him that his principal literary legacy, Cannae, was translated at Fort Leavenworth and distributed within the U.S. Army and to the academic community. In 1914, the Imperial German Army included twenty-six Uhlan regiments, three of which were Guard regiments, twenty-one line (sixteen Prussian, two Württemberg and three Saxon) and two from the autonomous Royal Bavarian Army. All German Uhlan regiments wore Polish style czapkas and tunics with plastron fronts, both in coloured parade uniforms and the field grey service dress introduced in 1910. Because German hussar, dragoon and cuirassier regiments also carried lances in 1914, there was a tendency among their French and British opponents to describe all German cavalry as "uhlans". No scabbard.
A Fine Shinto Iron Tsuba Of A Cockerel And O-daiko Drum Signed. Katana size. O-daiko, a barrel drum played in temples, theatre orchestras and at festivals. The drum's cowhide skins, decorated with lacquer-work dragons were never sounded. Instead the drum is a symbol of peace as indicated by the presence of a rooster atop the instrument. An ancient story tells of a drum placed at a village gate to sound an alarm during an attack. As the years passed the drum was never used. Hens and roosters began to live in the drum and this image became an emblem of contentment and peace.
A Fine Shinto Wakazashi By Omni Daijo Fujiwara Tadahiro Circa 1660. The great Tadahiro II of Hizen. The fittings are comorants, and the kozuka a figure riding a giant carp in gold over copper. The 2nd generation Tadahiro was born in Keicho 19 (1614) as the first son by a mistress of 1st generation Hizen-koku Tadayoshi. His initial name was Hashimoto Heisakuro, later had succeeded to his father's name of Shinzaemon. He excelled in as a superior sword maker since teenage to play a ghost-maker on behalf of his father in his later years. He had succeeded major Tadahiro 2nd generation in Kanei 9, (1632) when he was as young as 19 years old. He intended not to succeed his father's smith name Tadayoshi for the sake of preserving appearances that he was not a legitimate child of Tadayoshi. Passed away in Genroku 6, (1693), was 80 years old. His legitimate child 3rd generation succeeded to the initial name of Tadayoshiu when he enjoyed the Mutsu daijo title in Manji 3 (1660), was 24 years old. The subject artisan Tadahiro 2nd generation established and developed the superior high standard quality of sword making for the major Hizen Tadayoshi school and had laid the foundations for the later generations until 9th by the end of Edo period. This beautiful wakizashi we believe as his work in his early thirties of 1644-47. Most superior forging method using top quality fine steel known as "Tamahagane" generates precisely fine Ko-Itame with sparkling Ji-nie glittering that generates superior Chikei darkish Nie lines activity. The forging scene looks like "Nashi-ji".?We would appraise it as "Above Superior Made" / "Above Supreme Sharp". 26.5 inches long overall in saya,, blade tsuba to tip 18.65 inches.
A Fine Victorian G & J W Hawksley Powder Flask A very good copper and brass powder flask for a gun with the oak leaf design incorporating a fox and stag head, the nozzle stamped Drams and graduation values of 2¼, 2½, 2¾ , the nozzle signed G & J. W. Hawksley, slight dent one side at the top of the body, and in working order. Overall 8 by 3½ inches. See THE POWDER FLASK BOOK, Ray Riling page 315 fig 580. Riling says in the book that the flask illustrated as fig 580 was made by Hawksley for Barton of New York and implies that this was an exclusive design to them and does not mention having seen one marked Hawksley which might suggest that this is rare.
A Fine Victorian Original British Zulu War Officers Combat Sword From a family's Zulu War effects of an ancestor who fought in the war and three of his service items and souvenir were preserved. His 1845 pattern officer's sword, a long Zulu knopkerrie and his Scotia campaign knife and fork set. We are selling all three, but seperately. The 1822 pattern infantry with it's elegant pierced gothic style hilt, and the graceful monogramme of Her Majesty Quen Victoria of VR [Victoria Regina] make it one of the most attractive patterns of sword ever used by British Army officers, and it was a pattern that saw service for almost 80 years. No scabbard
A Fine Volume Of The Life of General Monk, Duke of Albemarle 2nd Edit. 1724 Publishd from an Original Manuscript of Thomas Skinner. M. D. ; with a Preface in Vindication of General Monks Conduct; and Giving Some Account of the Manuscript by William WebsterPublisher: London : Printed For J. Graves: J. Isted And J. Hooke, Published in 1724 binding in hardcover. George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician and a key figure in the Restoration of Charles II. During the operations on the Scottish border in the Bishops' Wars (1639–1640) he showed his skill and coolness in the dispositions by which he saved the English artillery at the Battle of Newburn (1640). At the outbreak of the Irish rebellion (1641) Monck became colonel of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester's regiment under the command of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde. All the qualities for which he was noted through life—his talent for making himself indispensable, his imperturbable temper and his impenetrable secrecy—were fully displayed in this post. The governorship of Dublin stood vacant, and Leicester recommended Monck. However, Charles I overruled the appointment in favour of Charles Lambart, 1st Earl of Cavan, and Monck surrendered the appointment without protest. James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde viewed him with suspicion as one of two officers who refused to take the oath to support the Royal cause in England and sent him under guard to Bristol. Monck justified himself to Charles I in person, and his astute criticisms of the conduct of the Irish war impressed the king, who gave him a command in the army brought over from Ireland during the English Civil War.Taken prisoner by Parliament's Northern Association Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron at the Battle of Nantwich in January 1644, he spent the next two years in the Tower of London. He spent his imprisonment writing his Observations on Military and Political Affairs Monck's experience in Ireland led to his release. He was made major general in the army sent by Parliament against Irish rebels. Making a distinction (like other soldiers of the time) between fighting the Irish and taking arms against the king, he accepted the offer and swore loyalty to the Parliamentary cause. He made little headway against the Irish led by Owen Roe O'Neill and concluded an armistice (called then a "convention") with the rebel leaders upon terms which he knew the Parliament would not ratify. The convention was a military expedient to deal with a military necessity. When in February 1649 Scotland proclaimed Charles, Prince of Wales, as Charles II, King of Scotland, the Protestant Ulster Scots settlers did the same and following Charles's lead took the Solemn League and Covenant. Most of Monck's army went over to the Royalist cause, placing themselves under the command of Hugh Montgomery, 1st Earl of Mount Alexander. Monck himself remained faithful to Parliament and returned to England. Although Parliament disavowed the terms of the truce, no blame was attached to Monck's recognition of military necessity.He next fought at Oliver Cromwell's side in Scotland at the 1650 Battle of Dunbar, a resounding Roundhead victory. Made commander-in-chief in Scotland by Cromwell, Monck completed the subjugation of the country. In February 1652 Monck left Scotland to recover his broken health at Bath, and in November of the same year he became a General at Sea in the First Anglo-Dutch War, which ended in a decisive victory for the Commonwealth's fleet and marked the beginning of England's climb to supremacy over the Dutch at sea. On his return to shore Monck married Anne Radford (née Clarges).In 1653 he was nominated one of the representatives for Devon in Barebone's Parliament. He returned to Scotland, methodically beating down a Royalist insurrection in the Highlands. At Cromwell's request, Monck remained in Scotland as governor During the confusion which followed Cromwell's death on 3 September 1658, Monck remained silent and watchful at Edinburgh, careful only to secure his hold on his troops. At first he contemplated armed support of Richard Cromwell, but on realising the young man's incapacity for government, he gave up this idea and renewed his waiting policy. In July 1659 direct and tempting proposals were again made to him by the future Charles II. Monck was elected Member of Parliament for both Devon and Cambridge University in the Convention Parliament of 1660. Though he protested his adherence to republican principles, it was a matter of common knowledge that the parliament would have a strong Royalist colour. Monck himself, in communication with Charles II, accepted the latter's Declaration of Breda of 4 April 1660, which was largely based on Monck's recommendations. On 1 May the newly convened Convention Parliament formally invited Charles, as King Charles II, to be the English monarch in what has become known as the Restoration
A Fine Wakazashi By Kaneuji Circa 1650 For the Asano Clan A senior samurai's dagger of the Asano clan of the world renown 47 Ronin fame. All original Edo fittings with Asano clan mon on the fushi. A splendid kodzuka decorated with Chinese warrior with a polearm. Fine ishime Edo lacquer on the saya and the silver kamon of the Asano. It has a fine and elegant blade with typical midare irregular wavy hamon. With Mon of the Maruni Chigai Taka no ha [the crossing pair of hawk feathers in circle] and it belonged to an Asano clan clan samurai. The mon of Asano Naganori, who was the daimyo of the Ako Domain in Japan (1675 - 1701). His title was Takumi no Kami. He is known as the person who triggered a series of incidents retold in a story known as Chushingura, one of the favourite themes of kabuki, joruri, and Japanese books and films. On the day of his death, he drew his sword and attempted to kill Kira in the Corridor of the Pines at Edo Castle in what is now Tokyo. He was wounded and failed to kill Kira. On the same day, the fifth Tokugawa shogun Tsunayoshi sentenced him to commit seppuku, which he did after writing his death poem: "kaze sasofu hana yori mo / naho ware ha mata / haru no nagori wo / ika ni yatosen." "More than the cherry blossoms, Inviting a wind to blow them away, I am wondering what to do, With the remaining springtime." He was buried in the graveyard of Sengaku-ji. His retainers became ronin when the Shogunate confiscated his fief. Under the leadership of Oishi Kuranosuke, however, they avenged the death of their lord by killing Kira at his mansion in Edo on December 15, 1702. These former retainers became famous as the Forty-seven Ronin, and their vendetta ranks as one of the most renowned in Japan. Ukiyo-e depicting the assault of Asano Naganori on Kira Yoshinaka in the Matsu no Oroka of Edo Castle. A most beautiful original Edo piece from one of the greatest and historical clans in samurai history, beautifully preserved, by a great family smith name Kaneuji. Full length 31 inches in saya, tip to tsuba blade length 21.25 inches
A Fine WW1 British Humourous Postcard. With handwritten message to the rear, stamped and posted in 1915.
A Fine Yanagawa School Katana Tsuba Signed Naomasa [1692-1757] Mokko-shaped tsuba with shishi, or lion dog, over decorated with gold embellishments. He was a pupil of the early Yokoya as well as of the Yoshioka and combined the characteristics of both these schools. So completely was the resulting style assimilated by his numerous following that few great schools may be said to present a more perfect continuity of manner. This notable school almost takes rank with the Goto, the Nara and the Yokoya in the extent of its influence, the numbers of its pupils, and the importance of the branch schools founded by them.
A Fine, Antique Middle Eastern Jambiya 'Tiger Tooth' Form Dagger Tooled black leather scabbard, double edged ribbed blade of fine steel, carved horn hilt. 15 inches overall 9 inch blade. Janbiya, also spelled janbia, jambiya, and jambia is the Arabic term for dagger, but it is generally used to describe a specific type of dagger with a short curved blade and a medial ridge. Though the term janbiya is used in various Arab countries and India, it is most closely associated with the people of Najran in Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. It is also prevalent among Muslim men in the Horn of Africa (primarily the Afars of Djibouti). Men typically above the age of 14 wear it as an accessory to their clothing. In Oman the janbiya is commonly referred to as a khanjar.
A Flintlock Holster Pistol by Ketland & Co, Circa 1780. Possibly American made with typical American plainer mounts and non proved barrel. Ketland & Co. Lock. With round steel barrel, flat lock plate signed ‘Ketland & Co’ figured walnut full-stock decorated with plain barrel tang and completed with plain engraved brass mounts comprising long-eared butt cap, open pierced side plate, steel belt hook, trigger guard with acorn finial, turned ramrod pipes, and oval escutcheon at the wrist. Ketland [1740-1804] William Ketland, Sr., established a gunsmithy at Birmingham in 1740, and after his death his eldest grandson, William Ketland, carried on the business until his death in 1804. During this period they operated under the name of Ketland & Co. It is not definitely known when they opened the London shop but it is believed to be about 1760, and were one of the first birmingham gunmakers to compete with London gunmakers of fine workmanship. The Ketlands arms mark later developed into the Birmingham Proof Mark. William Ketland II's brother-in-law, Thomas Izon continued to operate the company under the name Ketland & Co. until 1831, when they got into financial difficulties and the firm ceased operations. William Ketland, Sr., had two other grandsons, Thomas and John Ketland, both gunsmiths who worked on a co-operative basis with William Ketland under the name Ketland & Co. However, Thomas and John emigrated foto the USA in 1780. A number of American Kentucky rifles had Ketland & Co locks.
A Forehand and Wadsworth 'Russian Model' 32 Rimfire Revolver 1870's In 1871 Sullivan Forehand and Henry C. Wadsworth founded Forehand & Wadsworth from the remnants of Ethan Allen & Company after the death of their father-in-law, Ethan Allen. Wadsworth sold his share of the company to Forehand in 1890 in order to retire and the company was rebranded as Forehand Arms. The company was involved with a patent infringement lawsuit on behalf of one of their employees, John C. Howe, against the United States government. Howe had patented an ammunition cartridge in 1864 and the US government infringed upon this design in 1868 with the "Cup Anvil Cartridge" until the expiration of Howe's patent in 1881. Howe asked Forehand to bring a lawsuit against the government and eight years later the company won the suit on behalf of Howe with a judgement of $66,000. The lawsuit was not paid until after Howe's death and a few weeks before the death of Forehand in 1898
A Former Private Museum Collection of WW2 German Medals and Awards Collected by a former WW2 Veteran, who acquired these after the war for his own private museum. However, although up to 70 years old, none are WW2 authentic pieces. Some were made only a year after the war, and if genuine would have a combined value well in excess of £10,000. The Knight's Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords alone would be worth a high four figure sum, and so would the 50 grade General Assault award be very valuable. A fabulous vintage collection that gives every first impression appearance of originality. Ideal for the historical collector of early copies that does not wish to make the enormous outlay that would be required to acquire them as original examples, and, none of the risk! Would look superb framed as they once were. The Knights Cross to the War Merit Cross (Ritterkreuz des Kriegsverdienstkeuzes), was introduced on August 19th, 1940 at the same time as the War Merit Medal.  Its ranking in the German award structure was above the German Cross in Silver and Gold, but below the Knights Cross to the Iron Cross. It was awarded sparingly over the war years, and because so few were presented the Cross was held in high regards by the Nazi hierarchy, giving it an aura of exclusivity which it may not have fully deserve since it ranked below the Knights grade of Iron Cross. Great ceremonies were normally staged around recipients, with Hitler almost always presenting the award in front of high ranking Military and party officials . In the last year of the War, the Knights Cross in Gold was introduced as the highest grade of the War Merit Cross. Partly due to its late introduction date, this award was presented only a handful of times. The U-boat War Badge was originally instituted during the First World War on February 1, 1918. It was awarded to recognize U-boat crews who had completed three war patrols. The badge was worn on the lower left side of the uniform and was oval shaped resembling a wreath of laurel leaves. A submarine lay across the center and the German State Crown (Reichskrone) was inlaid at the top center of the wreath. The General Assault Badge (German: Allgemeines Sturmabzeichen) was a military decoration awarded during World War II to personnel of the German Army, Waffen-SS and Ordnungspolizei who participated in infantry attacks but were not part of specific infantry units and therefore did not qualify for the Infantry Assault Badge. It was instituted by General Walther von Brauchitsch on 1 June 1940 From 6 June 1943, the medal was adapted with a small plate at the base with 50 for those soldiers that had taken part in numerous attacks. On October 13, 1939, the U-boat War Badge was reinstituted again, shortly after the war began. It was very similar to the original badge with the exception of the Prussian crown which was replaced with a German Eagle, a swastika was added, and a more modernized submarine now facing towards the left was used. There were several ways to be awarded this medal. The most common would be the completion of two war patrols. Although the completion of two war patrols might seem a lowly requirement, but a typical U-boat war cruise would often run into months at a time. As a contrast, the Infantry Assault Badge was awarded after three combat actions, which meant that they could be earned on three separate actions all under a week. Completing two war patrols was not only longer, but it was equally dangerous as the U-boat has to endure constant attacks by Allied aircraft and warships. The German Luftwaffe Pilots Badge was instituted on August 12th, 1935 by the order Reichsmarschall Herman Goering. The badge takes the form of a massive swooping eagle clutching a mobile swastika in it's talons . The Eagle is superimposed on a wreath of half laurel (left) and half oak leaves. This Luftwaffe Pilots Badge portrays an image of unbridled aggression and ferocity. The Minesweeper War Badge or Minesweepers, Sub-Chasers and Escort-Vessel War Badge (German: Kriegsabzeichen für Minensuch-, U-Boot-Jagd- und Sicherungsverbände) was a World War II German military decoration awarded to Kriegsmarine members for service on minesweepers vessels. The award was instituted on 31 August 1941 by Grand Admiral Erich Raeder
A Framed Piece of Crashed Zeppelin L32 With Note From Lt Sowrey RFC L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. The first Zeppelin shot down over England in WW1. L32 is also, the Zeppelin immortalised in the fantastic 1930 film 'Hells Angels', and then again in 'Flyboys', which just copies pretty much the entire Zeppelin dogfight scene from Hells Angels L.32 moved from Nordholz to Ahlhorn on September 19 1916 It departed from Ahlhorn on Sept. 23 before it was shot down. This piece of the Zeppelin L32 was mounted with note signed by Lt. Sowrey Royal Flying Corps The Zeppelin L32 was the first genuine German Zeppelin shot down over England during the First World War, early on the morning of 24 September 1916. A few weeks earlier, on 3 September, the very first German airship was shot down over London, the Schutte-Lanz SL11 (although it was not a Zeppelin, it was commonly referred to as one). L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. All 22 members of the crew of were killed. Most died due to the flames, but some, including the airship's commander, Werner Peterson, chose to jump to their deaths. The crew was initially buried at Great Burstead until their remains were moved, together with those of the crews of SL11, L31 and L48, to be reinterred at Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery in Staffordshire in the 1960s. Minutes after the L32 crashed, the Zeppelin L33 crash landed at New Hall Farm, Little Wigborough, also in Essex. The crew of L33 survived and became prisoners of war. Pieces of airships, especially Zeppelins, were a very popular souvenir in England. People travelled considerable distances to view the crash sites and purchase, or scavenge for pieces of the wreckages. At the site of the crash of SL11 pieces of the wreckage were sold by the Red Cross to raise money for wounded soldiers. L31 was Shot down at Potters Bar On Oct. Ist 1916. While Michael MacDonagh had been clearing his desk shortly before leaving the office the night before, Wulstan Joseph Tempest, a 2nd Lieutenant in the 39th Home Defence Squadron protecting London from German air raids, started out on patrol from Hornchurch aerodrome. Word came through that eleven German Zeppelins had been sighted heading for London. Lieutenant Tempest (on the right of the picture) decided to ignore orders to patrol the Thames and decided instead to climb higher to where the airships normally flew. At that point one of the Zeppelin, identified as L-31, was picked out by searchlights. The crew of Lieutenant Mathy's airship tried to escape the beams, but without success. Lieutenant Tempest was flying higher and faster than the Zeppelin and was able to close in and despatch a succession of incendiary bullets into its massive frame, setting it alight. As the giant airship began to lose height and the flames took hold, some of Lieutenant Mathy's crew were seen to jump from the Zeppelin as it fell to the ground. An account of the crash by a witness was described as follows; "I saw high in the sky a concentrated blaze of searchlights, and in its centre, a ruddy glow, which rapidly spread into the outline of a blazing airship. "Then the searchlights were turned off and the Zeppelin drifted perpendicularly in the darkened sky, a gigantic pyramid of flames, red and orange, like a ruined star falling slowly to earth. "Its glare lit up the streets and gave a ruddy tint, even to the waters of the Thames. "The spectacle lasted two or three minutes. It was so horribly fascinating that I felt spellbound - almost suffocated with emotion, ready hysterically to laugh or cry. "When, at last, the doomed airship vanished from sight, there arose a shout the like of which I never heard in London before -- a swelling shout, that appeared to be rising from all parts of the metropolis, ever increasing in force and intensity." Frederick Sowrey was one of three sons of John Sowrey, Deputy Chief Inspector of Inland Revenue. Young Frederick was home schooled until he was thirteen. He then won a scholarship to King's College School, Wimbledon. He earned a BS degree there, and was completing his graduate study when World War I began. He immediately volunteered for military service; on 31 August 1914 he was appointed as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers. He went to France as an infantry officer, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos in 1915. After three months in hospital, he was invalided out, turned around, and joined the Royal Flying Corps in December 1915. He was posted to 39 Squadron on 17 June 1916; he was duly appointed a Flying Officer.It was during this assignment that he scored his first and most notable victory. On the evening of 23 September 1916, Second Lieutenant Sowrey launched from Sutton Farm at 2330 hours in a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c to patrol toward Joyce Green. Flying at 13,000 feet, he spotted Zeppelin L32 at about 0110 hours and closed with it. He fired three drums of incendiary ammunition into the belly of the gasbag before it exploded into flame. There were no survivors from the aircrew; most of the bodies recovered were charred and burned. The burning wreckage at Billericay drew enormous crowds.Sowrey received the Distinguished Service Order for his feat,which was gazetted on 4 October 1916. That same day, Temporary Second Lieutenant Sowrey was nominated for a regular commission in the Fusiliers. Shortly thereafter, on 1 December 1916, he was appointed a Flight Commander with the accompanying rank of Temporary Captain. Sometime in late 1916, he transferred to 37 Home Defence Squadron. Sowrey went on liaison duty to France, and while there transferred to 19 Squadron on 14 June 1917 and resumed his success in combat. In the four months between 17 June and 15 October 1917, he scored a dozen times, both by himself and teamed with aces Alexander Pentland, John Candy, and Richard Alexander Hewat, as well as three other pilots. His final summary for the twelve victories other than the L32 tallied six enemy airplanes destroyed and six driven down out of control. On 1 January 1918, Sowrey was promoted from Flight Commander to Squadron Leader; this meant that Second Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Frederick Sowrey was now a Temporary Major. On 4 April 1918, he was finally promoted from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant.He assumed command of 143 Squadron until war's end
A Framed Piece of Crashed Zeppelin L32 With Note From Lt Sowrey RFC L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. The first Zeppelin shot down over England in WW1. L32 is also, the Zeppelin immortalised in the fantastic 1930 film 'Hells Angels', and then again in 'Flyboys', which just copies pretty much the entire Zeppelin dogfight scene from Hells Angels L.32 moved from Nordholz to Ahlhorn on September 19 1916 It departed from Ahlhorn on Sept. 23 before it was shot down. This piece of the Zeppelin L32 was mounted with note signed by Lt. Sowrey Royal Flying Corps The Zeppelin L32 was the first genuine German Zeppelin shot down over England during the First World War, early on the morning of 24 September 1916. A few weeks earlier, on 3 September, the very first German airship was shot down over London, the Schutte-Lanz SL11 (although it was not a Zeppelin, it was commonly referred to as one). L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. All 22 members of the crew of were killed. Most died due to the flames, but some, including the airship's commander, Werner Peterson, chose to jump to their deaths. The crew was initially buried at Great Burstead until their remains were moved, together with those of the crews of SL11, L31 and L48, to be reinterred at Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery in Staffordshire in the 1960s. Minutes after the L32 crashed, the Zeppelin L33 crash landed at New Hall Farm, Little Wigborough, also in Essex. The crew of L33 survived and became prisoners of war. Pieces of airships, especially Zeppelins, were a very popular souvenir in England. People travelled considerable distances to view the crash sites and purchase, or scavenge for pieces of the wreckages. At the site of the crash of SL11 pieces of the wreckage were sold by the Red Cross to raise money for wounded soldiers. L31 was Shot down at Potters Bar On Oct. Ist 1916. While Michael MacDonagh had been clearing his desk shortly before leaving the office the night before, Wulstan Joseph Tempest, a 2nd Lieutenant in the 39th Home Defence Squadron protecting London from German air raids, started out on patrol from Hornchurch aerodrome. Word came through that eleven German Zeppelins had been sighted heading for London. Lieutenant Tempest (on the right of the picture) decided to ignore orders to patrol the Thames and decided instead to climb higher to where the airships normally flew. At that point one of the Zeppelin, identified as L-31, was picked out by searchlights. The crew of Lieutenant Mathy's airship tried to escape the beams, but without success. Lieutenant Tempest was flying higher and faster than the Zeppelin and was able to close in and despatch a succession of incendiary bullets into its massive frame, setting it alight. As the giant airship began to lose height and the flames took hold, some of Lieutenant Mathy's crew were seen to jump from the Zeppelin as it fell to the ground. An account of the crash by a witness was described as follows; "I saw high in the sky a concentrated blaze of searchlights, and in its centre, a ruddy glow, which rapidly spread into the outline of a blazing airship. "Then the searchlights were turned off and the Zeppelin drifted perpendicularly in the darkened sky, a gigantic pyramid of flames, red and orange, like a ruined star falling slowly to earth. "Its glare lit up the streets and gave a ruddy tint, even to the waters of the Thames. "The spectacle lasted two or three minutes. It was so horribly fascinating that I felt spellbound - almost suffocated with emotion, ready hysterically to laugh or cry. "When, at last, the doomed airship vanished from sight, there arose a shout the like of which I never heard in London before -- a swelling shout, that appeared to be rising from all parts of the metropolis, ever increasing in force and intensity." Frederick Sowrey was one of three sons of John Sowrey, Deputy Chief Inspector of Inland Revenue. Young Frederick was home schooled until he was thirteen. He then won a scholarship to King's College School, Wimbledon. He earned a BS degree there, and was completing his graduate study when World War I began. He immediately volunteered for military service; on 31 August 1914 he was appointed as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers. He went to France as an infantry officer, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos in 1915. After three months in hospital, he was invalided out, turned around, and joined the Royal Flying Corps in December 1915. He was posted to 39 Squadron on 17 June 1916; he was duly appointed a Flying Officer.It was during this assignment that he scored his first and most notable victory. On the evening of 23 September 1916, Second Lieutenant Sowrey launched from Sutton Farm at 2330 hours in a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c to patrol toward Joyce Green. Flying at 13,000 feet, he spotted Zeppelin L32 at about 0110 hours and closed with it. He fired three drums of incendiary ammunition into the belly of the gasbag before it exploded into flame. There were no survivors from the aircrew; most of the bodies recovered were charred and burned. The burning wreckage at Billericay drew enormous crowds.Sowrey received the Distinguished Service Order for his feat,which was gazetted on 4 October 1916. That same day, Temporary Second Lieutenant Sowrey was nominated for a regular commission in the Fusiliers. Shortly thereafter, on 1 December 1916, he was appointed a Flight Commander with the accompanying rank of Temporary Captain. Sometime in late 1916, he transferred to 37 Home Defence Squadron. Sowrey went on liaison duty to France, and while there transferred to 19 Squadron on 14 June 1917 and resumed his success in combat. In the four months between 17 June and 15 October 1917, he scored a dozen times, both by himself and teamed with aces Alexander Pentland, John Candy, and Richard Alexander Hewat, as well as three other pilots. His final summary for the twelve victories other than the L32 tallied six enemy airplanes destroyed and six driven down out of control. On 1 January 1918, Sowrey was promoted from Flight Commander to Squadron Leader; this meant that Second Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Frederick Sowrey was now a Temporary Major. On 4 April 1918, he was finally promoted from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant.He assumed command of 143 Squadron until war's end
A Framed Set of Souvenirs From the WW2 RAF Crash of Queen Elizabeth's Uncle HRH Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, first Duke of Kent. Who tragically died with all his crew bar the tail gunner during WW2, in August 1942, in an RAF Sunderland plane crash in Scotland. This framed set was donated by Robert McIntyre SNP [Scottish National Parliament] in 1984 to the late Paul Raymond [formerly known as Britain's richest man] and owner of the now closed museum. It contains a portion of parachute silk, a photograph of the site, and part of the plane's canopy perspex. The son of King George Vth, great grandson of Queen Victoria, brother of King George Vith and uncle of HM Queen Elizabeth. Prince George was born on 20 December 1902 at York Cottage on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, England. His father was George, Prince of Wales (later King George V), the eldest surviving son of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. His mother was the Princess of Wales (later Queen Mary), the daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck. At the time of his birth, he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne, behind his father and three older brothers. As a grandchild of a British monarch in the male line, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince George of Wales. George was baptised in the Private Chapel at Windsor Castle on 26 January 1903 by Francis Paget, Bishop of Oxford. Unlike many previous royal baptisms, George was christened using local water, rather than water from the River Jordan. In 1937, he was granted a commission in the Royal Air Force as a group captain. He was also made the Honorary Air Commodore of No. 500 (County of Kent) Squadron Auxiliary Air Force. Just before war broke out he became an RAF Air Vice-Marshal (approximately equal in rank to his Rear Admiral status earlier in the Royal Navy). In a characteristic gesture, he relinquished that rank in 1940 so that he would not be senior to more experienced officers, becoming a lower-ranked group captain and, in July 1941, an air commodore in the Welfare Section of the RAF Inspector General's Staff. In this role he went on official visits to RAF bases to help boost wartime morale Prince George died on 25 August 1942, at the age of 39, along with fourteen others, on board RAF Short Sunderland flying boat W4026, which crashed into a hillside near Dunbeath, Caithness, Scotland, while flying from Invergordon, Ross and Cromarty, to Iceland. Handcuffed to the Duke's wrist was a briefcase full of Swedish 100 Kroner notes which could not be exchanged in Iceland at the time. Such notes then had a value only in Sweden. The Duchess of Kent had given birth to their third child, Prince Michael of Kent, only six weeks earlier. The Duke's body was transferred initially to St. George's Chapel, Windsor. He was buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, directly behind Queen Victoria?'?s mausoleum, and was succeeded as Duke of Kent by his eldest son, Edward. Robert Douglas McIntyre (15 December 1913 – 2 February 1998) was a Scottish physician and a Scottish National Party politician and Member of Parliament. McIntyre studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Glasgow, and worked as a GP and a consultant pulmonologist. He came to political prominence in 1945 when he won the Motherwell by-election, becoming the SNP's first ever Member of Parliament (MP). McIntyre served as the Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1947 to 1956, and as President of the SNP from 1958 to 1980. He was the Provost of Stirling from 1967 to 1975. Known affectionately as "Doc Mac", he was often referred to as the "Father of the SNP
A French 'Gladius' Infantry Short Sword 1830's. French Infantry Gladius 1831 Pattern, the Infantry side arm. It was called by the soldier the “coupe choux” which means “cabbage cutter”.Used from the Reign of Louis-Philippe to Napoleon III. This pattern of Gladius [named after it's direct original version, the ancient Roman sword used by the Roman Empire for hundreds of years] was made and used in France from the 1830's till the 1850's. Many were sold in the early 1860's to the US in order to supply their desperate need for arms for the Civil War. The US in fact found this pattern sword so effective it directly copied the French gladius sword, and made their own [slightly differrent version with an Eagle decorated pommel] for use by the US foot artillerymen. This form of stout sword was incredibly efficient at close quarter combat, in fact the Romans discovered so and used it for centuries, and it's power and effectiveness, when used by well trained legionaries and gladiators, was never bettered for almost 2000 years. This very French sword type appears, and is illustrated, in 'American Swords and Maker's Marks' by Clegg Donald Furr, as the US Civil War imported short sword. In fact many are still unaware it is a French made sword, as it has been [quite wrongly] frequently attributed as an American sword, by some, for many decades. We show this sword in totally 'sleeper' condition as it has remained untouched for likely over 100 years. In good overall condition, the blade is stained but could be repolished. The scabbard has a very small piece of leather lacking near the chape.
A French 1830's Gladius Short Sword French Infantry Gladius 1831 Pattern, the Infantry side arm. It was called by the soldier the “coupe choux” which means “cabbage cutter”.Used from the Reign of Louis-Philippe to Napoleon III.This pattern of Gladius [named after it's direct original version, the ancient Roman sword used by the Roman Empire for hundreds of years] was made and used in France from the 1830's till the 1850's. Many were sold in the early 1860's to the US in order to supply their desperate need for arms for the Civil War. The US in fact found this pattern sword so effective it directly copied the French gladius sword, and made their own [slightly differrent version with an Eagle decorated pommel] for use by the US foot artillerymen. This form of stout sword was incredibly efficient at close quarter combat, in fact the Romans discovered so and used it for centuries, and it's power and effectiveness, when used by well trained legionaries and gladiators, was never bettered for almost 2000 years.This very French sword type appears, and is illustrated, in 'American Swords and Maker's Marks' by Clegg Donald Furr, as the US Civil War imported short sword. In fact many are still unaware it is a French made sword, as it has been [quite wrongly] frequently attributed as an American sword, by some, for many decades. We show this sword in totally 'sleeper' condition as it has remained untouched for likely over 100 years.
A French 19th Century Cup Hilt Long Rapier By Coulaux Freres Klingenthal A superb duelling sword with a light and elegant blade. With typical large cup bowl guard, long quillons, single knuckle bow guard and twisted wire bound grip. Ovoid pommel. Triple edged blade with armour piercing long spear point. In France, duelling was common but by the 19th Century, French duels were rarely fatal as most were performed with swords and would stop when blood was drawn rather than continue to the death. France also provided some of the most peculiarly inventive duels. In 1808, two French duellers fought in air balloons; one shot the other’s balloon out, resulting in the death of both the opponent and his second. In 1843, two French duellers threw billiard balls at each other. In England and America most duels were with pistols or small swords, however, in Germany and France, the earlier style longer rapiers were much more popular. In England in 1712, the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Mohun were at odds over a lawsuit brought by Hamilton against Mohun that was still pending after 11 years. Hamilton remarked to a court officer that a witness for Mohun was not partial to truth and justice. Mohun retorted that the witness had as much truth and justice as Hamilton. Later, Mohun challenged Hamilton to a duel. The latter accepted. On November 15, 1712, they fought with swords. Mohun died on the ground, Hamilton died as his servants carried him away and the lawsuit died with them. According to writer Stephen Bands, there were “at least 277 fatalities in British duels between 1785 and 1844 but these homicides resulted in the capital sentence being carried out on only one perpetrator of a duelling fatality, the unfortunate Major Campbell who was executed in Ireland in 1808.” The reason Campbell hanged was that his duel with Captain Boyd observed none of the usual conventions of duelling such as including seconds and deciding in advance on specific conditions of the duel. Banks writes that it was “hurriedly fought in a locked room,” which gave it the appearance of a fatal brawl. While the precise origins of duelling are unclear, it became common in the late medieval and early modern periods in Europe. It was originally a practice of the nobility that later filtered down to other class groups. Duelling was widely practiced in England, Ireland, France, Italy, Germany, Russia and other countries. In medieval times, duelling was often thought of as a kind of “judicial combat” in which God would ensure the winner was the man in the right. 34" blade, 43" overall
A French Brass-Mounted Horn Powder-Flask Attributed To Nicolas Boutet A rare 18th century French flask with a most unusual fold down nozzle system. With large rounded lanthorn body (minor damage) flattened on the back, with shaped top mount and folding swelling nozzle, reeded brass medial mount, and rings for suspension High. For an almost identical example mounted in silver see Herbert G. Houze, The Sumptuous Flaske, 1989, pp. 116-117 (illustrated). Nicolas Noel Boutet was one of the world's greatest gunsmiths, and he made guns for most of the crowned heads of Europe, including Napoleon Bonaparte.
A French Napoleonic Light Cavalry a la Chasseur, & Hussar Officer's Sabre With deluxe Damascus blade. A fabulous French 1st Empire Sword in very nice condition. Used in the great Napoleonic eras, from earliest Napoleonic period to the Empire, the March on Moscow [with the Grande Armee], the War of the Iberian Peninsular, and finally Waterloo. Lion's head pommel leather bound grip, single bar brass guard, Damascus steel blade with etching of crescent moon, and mystical symbols, as were popular within certain higher levels of French officers. It has a brass combat scabbard with reinforced steel drag maker marked AB. Highly evocative of the last great era of French victorious military might created by Napoleon, but was ultimately lost [and never repeated] after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. These are a few of the battles the Regt. Chasseur-a-Cheval took part during the latter part of the Napoleonic wars;1812: Passage of the Niemen, Vitepsk, Krasnoe, Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, and le Beresina 1813: Katzbach, Wachau, Leipzig, and Glogau 1814: Montmirail and Arcis-sur-Aube 1815: Ligny and Waterloo. Originally a mixed corps of light infantry and horsemen, this force proved sufficiently effective to warrant the creation of a single corps: Dragoons-chasseurs de Conflans. In 1788 six dragoon regiments were converted to Chasseurs à cheval and during the period of the Revolutionary Wars the number was again increased, to twenty-five. Both Napoleon's Imperial Guard and the Royal Guard of the Restoration each included a regiment of Chasseurs à cheval. In addition Napoleon added a further five line regiments to those inherited from the Revolutionary period. The Chasseurs did, however, take part in Napoleon's triumphal entry into Berlin. At Eylau (8 February 1807) the regiment took part in Murat's great charge of 80 squadrons, which relieved the pressure on the French centre at the crisis of the battle. Seventeen of the officers were hit. In addition Dahlmann was mortally wounded. He had recently been promoted general (30 December 1806), but having no command he asked to be allowed to lead his old regiment and fell at their head. Major Guyot commanded the regiment for the rest of the year, and Thiry was also promoted major (16 Febr] The scabbard has a dent below the mid section.
A George IIIrd Campaign Sheffield Plate Candelabra of Col. 10th Hussars We acquired this stunning campaign, Sheffield silver plated candeladra, with a yataghan sword, used by a former Colonel of the 10th Hussars throughout his campaigning years in the army. The Sheffield plating has wear on all the dominant edges and this is referred to as copper bleeding. It is actually a traditional good sign of orginality, as it shows it is early Sheffield hammered onto a copper base, not the later modern electrotype of plate, usually on nickle or brass. The use of "sheffield plate" began in 1742 when Thomas Boulsover, a Sheffield cutler (bladesmith), discovered that a sheet of silver fused to a piece of copper could then be rolled or hammered out without fracturing the bond. This made possible the use of "plated" base metal, which appeared, outwardly, to be silver, but as the silver "skin" could be only a small proportion of the gauge of the metal the saving in expense was considerable and objects made from the product looked exactly like sterling silver, because the applied 'plate' was indeed sterling. Boulsover's idea was exploited in Sheffield, first by Joseph Hancock from 1755 onwards and Matthew Boulton, one of the greatest and successful manufacturers of his age. This candelabra from the early 1800's and the reign of King George IIIrd was use allegedly by Capt Wood during his campaign. It disassembles into several smaller pieces and would likely have fitted into a wooden, leather bound travelling case for use in military campaigns around the Empire. It may well have been used originally by an ancestor in the Napoleonic wars era. His medals were sold in auction some 10 years ago. Manners Charles Wood was born on 20 January 1852. He was appointed as Ensign to the 44th Foot on 1 September 1869, but was transferred on the same day to the 66th Foot, becoming Lieutenant in October 1871. He transferred to the 10th Hussars on 15 April 1874, and joined the regiment in India. In 1876 he was selected for escort duty with the Prince of Wales during his visit to India, and was given a silver commemorative medal struck on that occasion. Promoted to Captain on 2 February 1878, Manners Wood accompanied the regiment from Rawal Pindi in the Afghan campaign of 1878-79, and commanded “B” Troop at Fattehabad on the 2nd April 1879, in which action he was wounded, and his life saved by a brother officer, in an incident reported on the front page of the Illustrated London News, published on 17 May 1879. ‘Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher dismounted with most of the men, leaving as few as possible to hold the horses and advanced up the hill in skirmishing order, to dislodge the enemy, who were firing upon them from their strong position. On approaching the top, Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher, who were well in front, noticed a Ghazi, lying on the ground, pointing his jezail at them. He was a typical hillman, of powerful build. Having fired and missed, he jumped to his feet, and rushed at Captain Wood, whose sword was of little use against the long jezail and impetuous rush of the Afghan. He was brought to his knees, and his fanatical assailant, discarding his firearm, with a ponderous knife made a cut at his head, which clove his helmet in two, but, fortunately, did not do more than inflict a slight wound. ‘As Captain Wood lay on the ground, at the mercy of the Afghan, Lieutenant Fisher rushed at the Ghazi, and felled him with the butt end of a carbine which he was carrying and Private Hackett, who had by this time come up with other men of the Troop, gave him the coup-de-grace with his sword. The Troop now fired two volleys into the enemy, which completely dispersed them, and Captain Wood took his men back to Fattehabad. The casualties in the Troop were seven men wounded, one horse killed, eleven wounded, and one missing.’ Captain Wood served with the regiment throughout the remainder of the war, and accompanied it during the march of pestilence to Rawal Pindi, when so many Tenth Hussars died of cholera. He became Major in April 1882, and Lieutenant-Colonel in August 1892, on taking command of the 10th Hussars. The regiment served in Ireland throughout the 4 years of his command. He became Brevet Colonel in August 1896, and retired on 5 April 1899. Wood was almost immediately recalled on the outbreak of the war in South Africa, and was appointed a Special Service Officer with the Rhodesian Field Force. He was afterwards in command of the troops in Rhodesia, from 7th January to 21st June 1901, graded as a Colonel on the Staff. He again left the Army, leading a very active life, and later became a Colonel in the Army Cadet Force. For his services with the Cadets, he received the 1935 Silver Jubilee medal, at the age of 83. Colonel Manners Wood died at Camberley on 12 September 1941, aged 89.
A German 1930's and WW2 Armband on Yellow Cloth This Deutsche Wehrmacht armband is the yellow colour all cotton type. The words, “Deutsche Wehrmacht” are printed. These armbands were issued to people who assisted the German armed forces.
A German Army Officers Sword By Eikhorn of Solingen Doves head pommel with acorn leaf engraved p hilt, acorn leaf engraved backstrap and eagle and swastika langet. A gilded alloy hilt and the gilding is surface flaking with age. Swords made in the closing years up to the war tended to have alloy hilts [as opposed to brass or steel earlier on] that was then over gilded with thin pure gold. The blade is excellent and the steel blackened scabbard has no denting. The German Army (German: Heer, was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, from 1935 to 1945. The Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it. Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used. The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on the horse for transportation. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the early campaigns in the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength.
A German Extra Long Mauser WW1 Pattern 1898, "Neuer Art" Sword Bayonet It was a German response to the long French 1886 Lebel bayonet. Manufactured from 1902 to about 1917. This is a most lengthy bayonet, and one of the earliest made with two grip slabs. It is most scarcely seen compared to the shorter, German WW1 so-called 'butcher' bayonet. Very nicely Imperial inspector marked, dated 1902. Used from the very beginning of WW1 right through to the German surrender in 1918. Rarely seen and very desirable to collectors of good early German bayonets. For the German, close combat and trench warfare 'Shock Troop', this was a very sought after weapon in the his armoury. With it affixed to his Mauser Gew 98 rifle, he had a considerably longer reach than his British, French or Belgian counterpart, and standing in his trench, defending from attack from above, his reach was as long as a spear and deadly to an advancing Tommy. Full length 26.5 inches. Blade 20.25 inches long. 6 inches longer than the German Butcher bayonet.
A German Extra Long Mauser WW1 Pattern 1898, "Neuer Art" Sword Bayonet Regimentally marked to a German Ersatz Infantry battalion. It was a German response to the long French 1886 Lebel bayonet. Manufactured from 1902 to about 1917. This is a most lengthy bayonet, and most scarcely seen compared to the shorter, German WW1 so-called 'butcher' bayonet. Slight shrinkage to the scabbard leather. Very nicely Imperial inspector marked, dated 1906. Used from the very beginning of WW1 right through to the German surrender in 1918. Rarely seen and very desirable to collectors of good early German bayonets. For the German, close combat and trench warfare 'Shock Troop', this was a very sought after weapon in the his armoury. With it affixed to his Mauser Gew 98 rifle, he had a considerably longer reach than his British, French or Belgian counterpart, and standing in his trench, defending from attack from above, his reach was as long as a spear and deadly to an advancing Tommy. Full length 26.5 inches. Blade 20.25 inches long. 6 inches longer than the German Butcher bayonet.
A German SS Dagger Lapel Pin A most intriguing piece stamped DRGM to the reverse. Very possibly made post war, but more modern versions we have seen tend to have have very new style pins with safety catches. This was acquired in the 1950's or 60's [as original] but we could not say it is. Old repair to front enamel at the base. 62mm long.
A German Third Reich Parade Banner Two sided. In very good condition for age. With ring loop mountings. Standard NSDAP swastika emblem.Though a long and time-honoured tradition in German and Prussian history, military parades reached their pinnacle during the Third Reich, both as demonstrations of power and majesty and as an open and direct slap in the face to the Versailles Treaty.
A German WW1 Close Combat Knife In Original Scabbard With maker marked blade. While the conventional image of World War One trench warfare is of massed numbers of rifle-armed men going ‘over the top’ into a No-Man’s-Land of barbed wire, machine-gun fire, artillery barrage, and almost certain death, this was a high-cost tactic of the earlier part of the War, and had been largely abandoned by its later years. The widespread tactic was to dig advance trenches called Salients out from one’s own front trench, into No-Man’s-Land, and then bombard the enemy’s front trench, so that they would fall back to their auxiliary trenches behind. Units of men could then be sent across a short stretch of No-Man’s-Land from the Salients, to occupy the trench and hold it. These larger drives required much preparation and reconnaissance if they were to work, however, and so Trench Raiding became increasingly common as the War went on. In Trench Raiding, small numbers of hand-picked volunteers crept across No-Man’s-Land at night, unseen by the artillery ‘spotters’, lightly armed with firearms, grenades, bayonets, knives, steel piping and other improvised clubs, and weapons such as this. Whether intended for undertaking or repelling a Trench Raid, the size of the close combat knife combined with its ease of use in unskilled hands, was exactly what the average soldier needed. The intention was a quiet, quick surprise attack, to kill small numbers of men, destroy or seize larger weapons - such as heavy machine guns - map out the location and contents of the enemy trenches, seize communications and documents. This would generally keep the enemy in a sleepless, terrorised state therefore sapping their alertness and morale.
A German WW1 Fire Service Pickelhaub Helmet With the Imperial German garter star, as used by the German Guarde du Corps and foot guards. Leather skull, brass star, leather chinstrap peak and neck guard. Maker marked on the inner helmet disc. Stitching apart at the peak and strap broken at the midsection. An unusual helmet, scarcely seen, as very few were brought back as souvenirs after WW1.
A German WW1 First Class Iron Cross, Dome Top & Screw Back Mounted in the deluxe screw back form. Famous Nazis of WW2 wearing their WW1 awarded first class Iron Cross are General der Waffen-SS Artur Phleps, Admiral Karl Doenitz, and Adolf Hitler. A good example dated as usual 1914, in good condition. The Iron Cross comes in two grades, Second Class and First Class. This example the Iron Cross First Class could only be awarded for an act of outstanding bravery and also to one who had previously received the Iron Cross Second Class. Hence, the First Class was more restricted and more highly prized. When the Iron Cross First Class was awarded, the Iron Cross Second Class was signified with a small ribbon attached to a button. Adolf Hitler was awarded this identical type of 1st Class Iron Cross in WW1, and always wore it throughout WW2 with pride. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871.
A German WW1, 1 Pounder Enlarged Maxim Shell Dated 1904 A superb shell head fully stamped and marked. Hiram Maxim originally designed the Pom-Pom in the late 1880s as an enlarged version of the Maxim machine gun. This shell was made in Germany at Karlsruhe Patronenenwerks. This is very similar to the British 1902 Mk1 shell, replaced in 1914 with the common shell, with explosive head. Although a British made and designed gun a version was produced in Germany for both the Navy and Army. In World War I, it was used in Europe as an anti-aircraft gun as the Maxim Flak M14. Four guns were used mounted on field carriages in the German campaign in South West Africa in 1915, against South African forces
A German WW2 Certificate For the Family of A Killed Soldier in Luftwaffe Of Jager Karl Muller 22nd January 1943. Signed by his officer, the Hauptmann und Kommander.
A German WW2 High Seas Fleet Award Good condition, maker marked, pin lacking. High Seas Fleet Badge (German: Das Flottenkriegsabzeichen) is a German military decoration (worn on the lower part of the left breast pocket of the naval service tunic, underneath the 1st class Iron Cross if awarded, or equivalent grade) awarded for service to the crews of the High Seas Fleet, mainly of the battleships and cruisers, but also those ships that supported them operationally for which there was no other award given. Required qualifications included e.g. active duty on 1 or more 12 week cruises, wounds or sinking in action. Although the award was instituted in April 1941, it could be awarded for actions that took place prior to this date and could highlight the struggle against the British fleet.To be eligible to receive the badge one must have twelve weeks service on a battleship or cruiser, with proof of distinction and good conduct. The number of weeks were reduced if one of these conditions were met: If the recipient was wounded or killed during the voyage. Outstanding achievements in an engagement. If the cruise was successful. Individual's ship was sunk in action. (Bismarck, Admiral Graf Spee, Blücher) For participation in “Rawalpindi” and “Jan Mayen”. All crew members of the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau received the award in view of the operational effectiveness of the ships. To every sailor who was present on the Tirpitz when it was bombed and sunk by the British R.A.F. in Tromsö Fjord on November 12th, 1944.
A German WW2 Infantry Combat Assault Clasp Award Silver grade. Silver plate over metal. A k98 Rifle affixed to a wreath of oak leaves. The Infantry Assault Badge was a German war badge awarded to Waffen SS and Wehrmacht Heer soldiers during WWII. This decoration was instituted on December 20th 1939 by the Oberstbefehlshaber des Heeres, Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch. It could be awarded to members of non-motorized Infantry units and units of the Gebirgsjäger that had participated in Infantry assaults, with light Infantry weapons, on at least three days of battle in the front line as from January 1st 1940. When a counter offensive led to fighting at short distance, it could also apply. Award of the Infanterie Sturmabzeichen was authorized at regimental command level or above. The first two awards were given to an officer and a enlisted soldier on a special occasion on May 28th 1940, by von Brauchitsch himself. Photo in the gallery of SS Sturmbannfuhrer Otto Weidinger wearing , amongst his other decorations, his same Infantry Assault Badge.
A German WW2 Iron Cross Ist Class Spange Clasp. A Mint Clasp to the Iron Cross 1939 by B.H. Mayer; 1st Class issue clasp in silvered tombac, 2nd Type, 30.4 mm x 44.2 mm, vertical pinback, unmarked but exhibiting the manufacturing characteristics clasp by maker B.H. Mayer (Type B), nicely silvered, in mint condition; If the recipient of the 1939 Iron Cross has been decorated with one or both classes of the Iron cross of World War I, he will then receive a silver clasp showing the National Eagle with the year 1939. The clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd class will be worn attached to a ribbon in the button hole. The 1939 1st Class clasp will be worn attached to the tunic above the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A German WW2 Kriegsmarine Breast Eagle
A German WW2 Messerschmitt Fighter Canon Shell From An ME109, ME262, ME110 Armour piercing shell. Fired by the MG151/20 cannon A fabulous but very scarcely seen original unfired 20mm cannon shell from a WW2 German fighter plane. All of the Messerschmitts including the jet, the ME262. Solid armour piercing late case shape. Inert, deactivated Not suitable for export. About the best, original 3rd Reich, small conversational piece, money can buy today. An ideal gentleman's desk ornament. All fully marked by German ordnance not suitable to export . For sale to over 18's only.
A German WW2 SA Dagger Belt hanging Mount. In early April 1931, elements of the SA under Walter Stennes attempted to overthrow the head of the Berlin section of the NSDAP (Nazi Party). As the section chief, Joseph Goebbels, fled with his staff, a handful of SS under Kurt Daluege were beaten trying to repel the SA. After the incident, Hitler wrote a letter of congratulations to Daluege, stating … SS-Mann, deine Ehre heißt Treue! ("Man of the SS, your honour is loyalty"). Soon afterwards, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, made the modified version of this sentence the official motto of the organisation. The Schutzstaffel translated to Protection Squadron or defence corps, abbreviated SS—was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). It began in 1923 as a small, permanent guard unit known as the "Saal-Schutz" made up of NSDAP volunteers to provide security for Nazi Party meetings in Munich. Later, in 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and renamed the "Schutz-Staffel". Under Himmler's leadership (1929–45), it grew from a small paramilitary formation to one of the largest and most powerful organizations in the Third Reich. Hitler's faithful leader of the SA Storm troopers, and until his execution, Himmlers superior and thus leader of Himmler's SS as well. Due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Rohm, that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himmler, leader of the SS. Rohm, alongside his senior General staff, were executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'
A German WW2 Silver Grade Woulnd Badge Lacking Swastika Awarded to a German officer who survived the war, still wore his wound award decoration but was required to remove the swastika. The badge had three classes: black (3rd class, representing Iron), for those wounded once or twice by hostile action (including air raids), or frost-bitten in the line of duty; silver (2nd class) for being wounded three or four times, or suffering loss of a hand, foot or eye from hostile action (also partial loss of hearing), facial disfigurement or brain damage via hostile action; and in gold (1st class, which could be awarded posthumously) for five or more times wounded, total blindness, "loss of manhood", or severe brain damage via hostile action. Badges exist in pressed steel, brass and zinc, as well as some base metal privately commissioned versions. Those of the First World War were also produced in a cutout pattern. All versions of the Wound Badge were worn on the lower left breast of the uniform or tunic. The badge was worn below all other awards on the left. We have the paras medal as well.
A German WW2 Silver Wound Badge Good order maker code 30. The Wound Badge (German: Verwundetenabzeichen) was a military decoration first promulgated by Kaiser Wilhelm II on 3 March 1918, which was awarded to wounded or frostbitten soldiers of the Imperial German Army, during World War I, the Reichswehr between the wars, and the Wehrmacht, SS and the auxiliary service organizations during the Second World War. After March 1943, due to the increasing number of Allied bombings, it was also awarded to injured civilians. It was ultimately one of the most highly prized, since it was earned "as a mark of honour for all who have risked their lives for the Fatherland and have been wounded or maimed". The silver grade of wound badge, awarded to service men and women wounded in combat and receiving several wounds numbering over three separate injuries but less than five wounds, suffering loss of a hand, foot or eye from hostile action (also partial loss of hearing), facial disfigurement or brain damage via hostile action. Just like the current Olympic medals, all German gold and silver class medals are not hallmarked solid gold or silver. A photo in the gallery of Major Hans Engelein wearing his silver wound badge. Lacking pin.
A German WW2 War Merit Cross Medal With Swords This award was created by German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1939 as a successor to the non-combatant Iron Cross which was used in earlier wars (same medal but with a different ribbon). The award was graded the same as the Iron Cross: War Merit Cross Second Class, War Merit Cross First Class, and Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross. The award had two variants: with swords given to soldiers for exceptional service in battle above and beyond the call of duty. One notable winner of the War Merit Cross [without swords] was William Joyce (aka Lord Haw-Haw). A jolly nice example in good order.
A German WW2 War Merit Cross This award was created by German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1939 as a successor to the non-combatant Cross which was used in earlier wars. The award was graded the same as the Iron Cross: War Merit Cross Second Class, War Merit Cross First Class, and Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross. The award had two variants: with swords given to soldiers for exceptional service in battle above and beyond the call of duty but not in the face of the enemy. One notable winner of the War Merit Cross [without swords] was William Joyce (aka Lord Haw-Haw). A jolly nice example in good order, completely untouched for 60 years
A German WW2 West Wall Medal Issued to the constructors and men that manned the West Wall defenses built to protect the occupied and home territories of the Third Reich in WW2, against the allied invasion.
A Glorious 500 Year Old Koto Tachi By Sukesada Decorated with Dragonflies Fully tachi mounted with a most elaborate hamon. Signed Sukesada and made around 1520 in the Koto Era. Original edo tachi fittings, and traditional tachi tsuba with two dai seppa. The saya has a single cord mount and lacquered in gold hiramaki-e with dragonflies. The early form of samurai battle sword which led to the development of the more famous Katana. Tachi are the Samurai swords not only worn in combat but worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the centre of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these one or two hangers. Traditionally in the Edo era only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted. This Tachi although mounted in the Edo period fittings, was made before the Edo period. The Edo started with the Tokugawa, who ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The Tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [the tachi wearing Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the Shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them.Imagawa Yoshimoto 1519 -1560) was one of the leading daimyo (feudal lords) in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tokaido region. He was also one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560. Overall 39.5 inches long in saya, blade 28.25 inches long tsuba to tip.
A Good 1796 Infantry Sword With A Rarely Seen Pre 1800 Union Flag This is a jolly nice example but with a small very rare feature of breeze blown flying union flag [pre-1800 Act of the Union version] engraved within the blade engraving. In 45 years we can only recall it on a very few examples of the many, many hundreds of these swords we have had during that time. The figure of a standing or seated Britannia bearing a union flag patterned shield was far more usual than a simple breeze blown flag such as this sword has. The engraving also contains the traditional GR crown cypher and royal crest. Copper gilt hilt with folding side guard and muti twist brass wire bound grip. No scabbard
A Good 17th C. 'Venetian' Schiavona Basket Hilted Sword wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade. The Schiavona was a Renaissance sword that became popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. Stemming from the 16th-century sword of the Balkan mercenaries who formed the bodyguard of the Doge of Venice, the name may have from the fact that the guard consisted largely of Istrian and Dalmatian Slavs (Schiavoni) late Italian for slave, but some say it could derive from the older Venetian feminine term of 'a woman' alluding to it as the 'Queen' of weapons. Interestingly enough, in Drummond's famous book, "Ancient Scottish Weapons", there are several Schiavonas. It was widely recognisable for its "cat's-head pommel" and distinctive handguard made up of many leaf-shaped brass or iron bars that was attached to the cross-bar and knucklebow rather than the pommel. Classified as a true broadsword, this war sword had a wider blade than its contemporary civilian rapiers. It was basket hilted (often with an imbedded quillon for an upper guard) and its blade was double edged thus this blade was useful for both cut and thrust. The schiavona became popular among the armies of those who traded with Italy during the 17th century and was the weapon of choice for many heavy cavalry. It was popular among mercenary soldiers and wealthy civilians alike; examples decorated with gilding and precious stones were imported by the upper classes to be worn as a combination of fashion accessory and defensive weapon. Lord Stefan d'Gascon: Living in the later half of the 16th Century, in London, he was an ex-mercenary from a number of large and small armies. He wandered the continent, [generally staying out of France.] and visited the Far East for a time, while serving as a personal guard. One time he was a city guard for the Doge of Venice, where he developed a liking for the Schiavona He remarked that; " The Schiavona came in handy while traversing the Sulu Sea and the Sea of Japan in 1549 with Father Francis Xavier’s ship and spent two years in the Japans with Fathers Francis, Cosme de Torres and Juan Fernandz." He was born of English stock, in the Armagnac region of Gascony, near Auch. See Wagner, E. , Cut and Thrust Weapons, Hamlyn, UK (1969). Schiavona. Wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade, 40 inches overall
A Good 17th Century English Hunting Sword. Inlaid With Gold Alloy Blade. Latin inscription FIDES ED CVIVIDE [?] on both side of the blade in gold alloy. Staghorn grip steel hilt. 20 inch blade. In the days of the early Royal Navy, officers carried short swords in the pattern of hunting swords, with both straight or curved blades, fancy mounted single knucklebow hilts with principally stag horn or reeded ebony grips. The hilt was usually repousse with a floral and figural design. There are numerous portraits in the National Portrait Gallery and The National Maritime Musuem that show British Admirals [such as Benbow and Clowdesly Shovel] holding exactly such swords. Picture in the gallery of Admiral Benbow with his near identical sword. In fact so similar it could even be it! John Benbow (10 March 1653 – 4 November 1702) was an English officer in the Royal Navy. He joined the navy aged 25 years, seeing action against Algerian pirates before leaving and joining the merchant navy where he traded until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, whereupon he returned to the Royal Navy and was commissioned. Benbow fought against France during the Nine Years War (1688–97), serving on and later commanding several English vessels and taking part in the battles of Beachy Head, Barfleur and La Hogue in 1690 and 1692. He went on to achieve fame during campaigns against Salé and Moor pirates; laying siege to Saint-Malo; and fighting in the West Indies against France during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714). Benbow's fame and success earned him both public notoriety and a promotion to admiral. He was then involved in an incident during the Action of August 1702, where a number of his captains refused to support him while commanding a squadron of ships. Benbow instigated the trial and later imprisonment or execution of a number of the captains involved, though he did not live to see these results. These events contributed to his notoriety, and led to several references to him in subsequent popular culture.
A Good 1805 Tower of London Armoury Light Dragoon New Land Pattern Pistol Converted to percussion action in around 1830 to enhance it's military working life for another 20 years or so. Date inspected in 1805, stamped to the stock, ordnance stock makers mark TC with crown. Early official armourer's stock repair with brass bracing piece under the ramrod. All fine brass fittings and captive ramrod. In original flintlock and likely made at the Tower of London and used by the frontline British Cavalry regiments during the Peninsular War, War of 1812, and the Hundred Days War, culminating at Waterloo. Introduced in the 1796 and in production by 1802, the New land Cavalry Pistol provided one model of pistol for all of Britain's light cavalry and horse artillery. Another new element was the swivel ramrod which greatly improved the process of loading the pistol on horseback. The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and saber the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock. During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard. Safety catch removed as an official ordnance alteration at the time.
A Good 18th Century Indian Arquebus Matchlock From the time of Tippu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore. A most superior example as some of their kind used in the 18th century were rather utilitarian and of martial quality. Superb stock with very fine patina, good multi staged barrel. Action linkage not connected. Bears a storage stamp for the armoury of the Maharajah of Jaipur. In the early 16th century, the term "arquebus" had a confusing variety of meanings. Some writers used it to denote any matchlock shoulder gun, referring to light versions as caliver and heavier pieces fired from a fork rest as musket. Others treated the arquebus and caliver synonymously, both referring to the lighter, forkless shoulder-fired matchlock. As the 16th century progressed, the term arquebus came to be clearly reserved for the lighter forkless weapon. When the wheel lock was introduced, wheel-lock shoulder arms came to be called arquebuses, while lighter, forkless matchlock and flintlock shoulder weapons continued to be called calivers. In the mid-17th century, the light flintlock versions came to be called fusils or fuzees. The first usage of the arquebus in large numbers was in Hungary under king Matthias Corvinus (r. 1458–1490). Every fourth soldier in the Black Army had an arquebus in the infantry, and every fifth regarding the whole army, which was an unusual ratio at the time. Although they were generally present in the battlefield King Mathias preferred enlisting shielded men instead, as the arquebus had a low rate of fire. Even a decade after the disbandment of the Black Army, by the turn of the 16th century, only around 10% of the soldiers of Western European armies used firearms. Arquebusiers were effective against cavalry and even other infantry, particularly when placed with pikemen in the pike and shot formation, which revolutionised the Spanish military. An example of where this formation was used and succeeded is the decisive Battle of Cerignola (1503), which was one of the first battles to utilise this formation, and was the first battle to be won through the use of gunpowder-based small arms. 76 inches long, Ideally, suitable for UK delivery only due to length.
A Good 19th Century Ghurka Kukri In Chased Leather Covered Wood Scabbard Typical steel blade. Scabbard carved with fan patterns. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. A cavalry sword (The Machaira, Machira) of the ancient Macedonians which was carried by the troops of Alexander the Great when it invaded northwest India in the 4th Century BC and was copied by local black smiths or Kamis some knife exports have found similarities in the construction of some Khukuris to the crafting method of old Japanese sword. Thus the making of Khukuri is one of the oldest blade forms in the history of world, if not in fact the oldest. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even more among them one belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD But the some facts shows that the Khukuri's history is centuries old then this. But other suggest that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, about 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder this Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, the Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon the skill that the strength of the wielder and thus it happens that the little Gurkha, a mere boy in point of stature, will cut to pieces of gigantic adversary who does not understand his mode of onset. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with the Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against.
A Good 19th Century Powder Flask Fluted copper body and brass adjustable spout.
A Good 19th Century Sykes Pistol Powder Flask Absolutely ideal for pistol casing. A nice example with a few small dents. Small pistol flasks are certainly the most desireable type as they can beautifully set off a cased pistol set [and thus increase it's value dramatically], for either a flintlock or percussion gun, that is lacking it's original flask. 4.5 inches long
A Good and Most Scarce German WW1 Lancer Officer's Sword With scaccard and fine brass hilt with lion's head pommel, p hilt guard embellished with a stand of arms and the Iron Cross. The langets have a pair of lancer's sword with a pair of lances crossed, under a laurel wreath. The grip is black sharkskin, wire bound. The combat scabbard is blackened steel. The German lancers were recognised as some of the finest in Europe, and in 1914 they were used in charges and combat. However, some believe, it was only the German General Staff not utilising their formidable abilities to the best advantage, and transfering tactics to the lumbering slow shuffle of advancing and retreating infantry, that ultimately may well have bogged down the war into the trenches for so long. Areas of sharkskin wear. [Scabbard not shown in photos]
A Good and Relatively Rare German WW1 Ersatz Bayonet [Carter EB47] The hilt is pressed steel riveted together with domed rivets. MANUFACTURED TO FIT THE GEWEHR 88 COMMISSION RIFLE AND THE GEWEHR 98. This bayonet is a good example of what Anthony Carter in his seminal ‘German Bayonets, Volume III’ and Roy Williams in his excellent reference work ‘The Collectors Book of German Bayonets 1680-1945 Part Two’ classify as an EB 47 knife bayonet. This bayonet has a 2 piece pressed steel hilt with round oil hole, contoured steel crossguard with round upturned quillon with a single diameter open muzzle ring. Single edge fullered steel blade and rimmed bayonet bearing maker mark. Photo of Imperial German WW1 naval division combatants, and one seated with the EB47 bayonet attached to his rifle. The German Ersatz bayonets were made at the beginning of the war as production of the 98/05 was ramped up to meet the requirements of the rapidly expanding army. Most were never maker marked and without divisional markings. As time went on, these stop-gap bayonets were replaced by regulation bayonets.
A Good and Scarce Antique Malaysian Kampilan Sword The standard kampílan is a type of single-edged long sword, used in the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Visayas, and Luzon. This unusual variant has a long 33.5 inch double edged blade more reminiscant of a European broadsword. The kampílan has a distinct profile, with the tapered blade being much broader and thinner at the point than at its base, sometimes with a protruding spikelet along the flat side of the tip and a bifurcated hilt which is believed to represent a mythical creature's open mouth. The Maguindanao and the Maranao of mainland Mindanao preferred this weapon as opposed to the Tausug of Sulu who favoured the barung. The Kapampangan name of the Kampilan was "Talibong" and the hilt on the Talibong represented the dragon Naga, however the creature represented varies between different ethnic groups. Its use by the Illocanos have also been seen in various ancient records. A notable wielder of the kampílan was Datu Lapu-Lapu (the king of Mactan) and his warriors, who defeated the Spaniards and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan at the Battle of Mactan on April 27, 1521. The mention of the kampílan in ancient Filipino epics originating from other non-Muslim areas such as the Hiligaynon Hinilawod and the Ilocano Biag ni Lam-Ang is possible evidence for the sword's widespread usage throughout the archipelago during the ancient times. Today, the kampílan is portrayed in Filipino art and ancient tradition. The hilt is quite long in order to counterbalance the weight and length of the blade and is made of hardwood.[1] As with the blade, the design of the hilt's profile is relatively consistent from blade to blade, combining to make the kampílan an effective combat weapon. The complete tang of the kampílan disappears into a crossguard, which is often decoratively carved in an okir (geometric or flowing) pattern.The guard prevents the enemy's weapon from sliding all the way down the blade onto bearer's hand and also prevents the bearer's hand from sliding onto the blade while thrusting. The most distinctive design element of the hilt is the Pommel, which is shaped to represent a creature's wide open mouth. The represented creature varies from sword to sword depending on the culture. Sometimes it is a real animal such as a monitor lizard or a crocodile, but more often the animal depicted is mythical, with the naga and the bakonawa being popular designs. Some kampílan also have animal or human hair tassels attached to the hilt as a form of decoration.
A Good and Sound, Untouched in 200 Years, 1796 British Officer's Sabre A Light Infantry Company Officer's sword. Based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sabre, but slightly shorter for foot combat efficiency. During the Peninsular War officer's assigned to the Light companies often felt they required a better sword than the thin, straight bladed, standard 1796 infantry officer's sword prevalent at the time. Thus have a sword custom made, based on the blade of the hugely effective and popular 1796 light dragoon officer's sabre, and with the same form of hilt. This is one of those very swords. The Light Infantry were units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The most famous regiments of Light Infantry of this era was the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo.
A Good Antique George IIIrd Flintlock Holster Pistol by Wheeler of London. Walnut stock with fabulous age patina, with slab-sided grips, all brass furniture and trigger guard with acorn finial. Two stage octagonal to round steel barrel with silver X foresight. A very nice officer's and gentleman's flintlock pistol from the 1790's into the Napoleonic Wars period. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. The alliance led by Britain and one of it's finest General's, the Duke of Wellington, brought about Napoleon's empire ultimately suffering a complete and total military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France and the creation of the Concert of Europe.
A Good Boer War Period British Royal Artillery Helmet Plate For the tropical or home service helmet. The British military adopted a broadly similar helmet, of dark blue cloth over cork and incorporating a bronze spike, for wear in non-tropical areas. This helmet led to the retirement of the shako headdress. While not considered a true "pith helmet", this headdress did resemble its tropical counterpart, and during the 1890s a white version which could be worn in both the United Kingdom and India was experimentally issued to some British regiments. Modeled on the German Pickelhaube, the British Army adopted this headgear (which they called the "Home Service Helmet") in 1878. Most British line infantry, artillery (with ball rather than spike) and engineers wore the helmet until 1902, when khaki Service Dress was introduced. With the general adoption of khaki for field dress in 1903, the helmet became purely a full dress item, being worn as such until 1914On 1 July 1899, the Royal Artillery was divided into three groups: the Royal Horse Artillery of 21 batteries and the Royal Field Artillery of 95 batteries comprised one group, while the coastal defence, mountain, siege and heavy batteries were split off into another group named the Royal Garrison Artillery of 91 companies. The third group continued to be titled simply Royal Artillery, and was responsible for ammunition storage and supply. Which branch a gunner belonged to was indicated by metal shoulder titles (R.A., R.F.A., R.H.A., or R.G.A.). The RFA and RHA also dressed as mounted men, whereas the RGA dressed like foot soldiers. In 1920 the rank of Bombardier was instituted in the Royal Artillery. The three sections effectively functioned as separate corps. This arrangement lasted until 1924, when the three amalgamated once more to became one regiment. In 1938, RA Brigades were renamed Regiments. During the Second World War there were over 1 million men serving in 960 gunner regiments. In 1947 the Riding House Troop RHA was renamed The King's Troop RHA and, in 1951, the title of the regiment's colonel-in-chief became Captain General. When The Queen first visited the Troop after her accession, it was expected that it would become "The Queen's Troop", but Her Majesty announced that in honour of her father's decision it would remain "The King's Troop". The Royal Horse Artillery, which has always had separate traditions, uniforms and insignia, still retains a separate identity within the regiment.
A Good Boxlock Flintlock Derringer Pistol Circa 1800 With walnut grips and all steel frame and barrel. A sound and highly effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's currrent rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland].
A Good British Large Calibre Pinfire Revolver As a British import these pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is full military army size, and is the very type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient military arm , by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies. Folding trigger, trigger return spring inoperable. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good But Shortened WW1 German Hard Shell Luger PO8 Holster Maker marked and stamped. Captured at Proyant August 18th 1918. Inscribed thus but very difficult to photograph.
A Good C & JW Hawkesley Adjustable Pistol Flask Eminently suitable for a 19th century cased pistol box that is lacking it's good flask. 5.25 inches long, width at maximum 2.5 inches, height 1.25 inches. Minor denting to body. Throws 3/8ths,1/2, 5/8ths.
A Good Crimean War Medal 72nd Seaforth Highlanders. Of William Begg. A Cpl. William Begg of the 72nd appears on a memorial in St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh. To the men that were killed in action and died of wounds the Indian Mutiny etc. the Duke of Albany’s 72nd Highlanders were dispatched to the Crimea, where they arrived in May 1855, and from that date to the close of the war served in all the duties, which our troops were called upon to perform. After the Crimea followed with deadly haste the Mutiny, where the 72nd earned lasting praise. Their chief exploits were while serving with Sir Hugh Rose’s force in Central India, and at Kotah, the fortune of war decreed that their chief opponents should be the revolted 72nd natïve regiment, whose uniform in some degree resembled that of the Duke of Albany’s. The storming party was to abide the blowing up of the great gate, and owing to the unexpected delay in doing this found them exposed for some time to the fierce ire of the enemy. But when the explosion was heard, and the pipes struck up their martial tune, it required but a very few minutes to capture the town, thanks to the impetuous ardour of the 72nd and their comrades, who with a ringing shout-“Scotland for ever!” literally drove all before them. Throughout the struggles in Baroda the 72nd, who were subsequently with the Rajpootana Field Force, fought well and successfully, well meriting the unstinted meed awarded to them. The next important campaign in which the 72nd were engaged was in the Afghanistan in 1878. Here they were brigaded under General Roberts, and rendered most signal service at the storming of the Peiwar Kotal. Here the 72nd and the “brave little Ghoorkas” fairly divided the honours of the day between them, though Lieutenant Munro and several rank and files were in the list of casualties. During the march through the Sappri defile Sergeant Green gained his commission from the gallant defence he made of Captain Goad, and it it is recorded by a Scotch writer that “a sick Highlander (of the 72nd), who was being carried in a dhooley, fired all his ammunition, sixty-two rounds, at the enemy, and as he was a good marksman, he never fired without getting a fair shot.” The following year they were still more actively employed, and round and about Cabul, under Roberts, came in for much more fierce fighting, from which they gained a full sheaf of honours. Sergeant MacDonald, Cox, and M’Ilvean distinguished themselves at the assault of the Takt-I-Shah; Lieutenant Ferguson was twice wounded; Sergeant Jule (who was killed the next day) was the first man to gain the ridge, capturing at the same time two standards. Corporal Sellars, the first man to gain the top of the Asmai heights, gained a Victoria Cross; before that day’s sun had set Captain Spens and Lieutenant Gainsford of the regiment had fallen fighting like heroes to the last; Lieutenant Egerton was badly wounded, and several rank and file put hors de combat. The regiment fought well in the attack on Sherpur, and in Robert’s famous march to Candahar were brigaded with the Gordon highlanders and 60th Rifles. In the attack on Candahar Sir Frederick reported that “the 72nd and the 2nd Sikhs had the chief share of the fighting;” of the second brigade Colonel Brownlow, Captain Frowe and Sergeant Cameron were among the killed; Captain Stewart Murray and Lieutenant Munroe were badly wounded. A photo in the gallery are of his comrades who served with him at Sebastopol. [Not included with medal]
A Good Czech Model Mauser VZ24 Rifle Sword Bayonet. With Czech State stamp and maker coded scabbard tgf. A very good condition Czech VS 24, early pattern bayonet with full muzzle ring, and scabbard. Fully blued pommel and crossguard with perfect wooden grips with original screws. 11.75" upturned blade in original parkerized type finish. In its original steel & blued scabbard The vz. 24 rifle is a bolt-action carbine designed and produced in Czechoslovakia from 1924 to 1942. It was developed from the famous Mauser Gewehr 98 line, and features a very similar bolt design. The rifle was designed in Czechoslovakia shortly after World War I, featuring a 600 mm (23.6") barrel which was shorter and considered more handy than the 150 mm (5.9") -longer Gewehr 98. The carbine followed a similar trend in weapon design at the time, that a short rifle gave away little in ballistic efficiency at combat ranges, but was easier to handle on account of its shorter length. During World War II, the vz. 24 was produced for the German armed forces during its occupation. The rifle was also produced in nearby Slovakia, a German ally and puppet state during the war. After the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939, the Germans took existing stocks of the vz.24 into service and continued production. The vz. 24 was easily incorporated into the German forces due to its similarity to the Kar 98k enabling the same training and maintenance procedures and use of the same 7.92×57mm Mauser ammunition. By the start of the war the Wehrmacht had equipped 11 divisions with the rifle. The Germans designated it Gewehr 24(t) ('t' being the national origin designator tschechoslowakisch, the German word for "Czechoslovak"; such national origin designators were German practice for all foreign weapons taken into service).
A Good Early 19th Century 'Brown Bess' Contract Musket Marked Warranted and with ordnance stamp, and Tower Proof. Good 39 inch barrel with proofs. Sound walnut stock and part traditional brass furniture and four ramrod pipes. Made for the Empire service contracts in the reign of King George IIIrd.This musket was used in the era of the of the British Empire and acquired symbolic importance at least as significant as its physical importance. It was generically in use for over a hundred years with many incremental changes in its design. These versions include the Long Land Pattern, Short Land Pattern, India Pattern, New Land Pattern Musket, Sea Service Musket and others. The Long Land Pattern musket and its derivatives, generally .75 caliber flintlock muskets, were the standard long guns of the British land forces from 1722 until 1838 when they were superseded by a percussion cap smoothbore musket. The British Ordnance System converted many flintlocks into the new percussion system known as the Pattern 1839 Musket. A fire in 1841 at the Tower of London destroyed many muskets before they could be converted. Still, the Brown Bess saw service until the middle of the nineteenth century. In 1808 Sweden purchased significant numbers from the United Kingdom. Then in 1812 after the Finnish War the Swedish Army was in need of weapons as the Swedes had sold out large parts of their material to Russia and got thousands of Brown Bess muskets in British aid. Some were used by Maori warriors during the Musket Wars 1820s–1830s, having purchased them from European traders at the time, some were still in service during the Indian rebellion of 1857, and also by Zulu warriors, who had also purchased them from European traders during the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879, and some were sold to the Mexican Army who used them during the Texas Revolution of 1836 and the Mexican-American War of 1846 to 1848. One was even used in the Battle of Shiloh in 1862. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo and Ivory Swordstick With some cracking to the bamboo and ivory but a nice honest stick of charm and beauty. Blade with old pitting. The hilt could be restored. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo Sword Cane Circa 1840 With excellent patina and and a good elegant and narrow 18th century single edged rapier type blade. Silver loop ferrules, and knop pommel. A great conversational piece, and one can ponder over of the kind of gentleman who would have required such a piece of personal defense paraphernalia. Although one likes to think that jolly old Victorian England had a London full of cheerful cockneys and laddish chimney sweeps, it was also plagued with political intrigue, nefarious characters and caddish swine prowling the endless foggy thoroughfares and dimly lit passageways.
A Good Edo Period Noda Maru Gata Oval Iron Wakazashi Tsuba With a simulated stone finish surface. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other. 2.5 inches long.
A Good English 18th Century, Double Barrel, Tap Action Pistol By Richardson Over and under pistol with large bore and good action and pan swivel. Slab sided walnut grips, all steel mounts and turn off barrels. Gadget weapons that have unusual actions such as this rotational tap-action meant the gun could be fired each barrel singly or both barrels simultaneously. They were much more expensive than standard guns, but with two barrels they fufilled the function of pair of pistols but on it's own. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good English Civil War 'Mortuary' Basket Hilted Wide Broadsword 17th century. A typical cavalry sword used by officers [in the main] originaly called as such as they were used by the Cavaliers, but latterly also by all the Parliamentarians including Cromwell who also had one. Often called the mortuary basket hilt sword as some had the visage of King Charles engraved or cast into the hilt. This hilt is fancy engraved throughout, but with no visage of the king, so it may have been a roundhead type, or indeed may not. Very wide stout blade with central fuller and Shotley Bridge armouers mark of a running fox. In the Civil War, the opening of the battle usually involved groups of cavalry, with the officers carrying these very form of swords. The main objective was to make the opposing cavalry run away. When that happened, the victorious cavalry turned on the enemy infantry. Well-disciplined pike men, brave enough to hold their ground, could do tremendous damage to a cavalry charging straight at them. There are several examples of cavalry men having three or four horses killed under them in one battle. At the start of the war the king's nephew, Prince Rupert, was put in charge of the cavalry. Although Rupert was only twenty-three he already had a lot of experience fighting in the Dutch army. Prince Rupert introduced a new cavalry tactic that he had learnt fighting in Sweden. This involved charging full speed at the enemy. The horses were kept close together and just before impact the men fired their pistols, then arming themselves with their swords for the all too fearsome hand to hand combat During the early stages of the Civil War the parliamentary army was at a great disadvantage. Most of the soldiers had never used a sword or musket before. When faced with Prince Rupert's cavalry charging at full speed, they often turned and ran. One of the Roundhead officers who saw Prince Rupert's cavalry in action was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Although Cromwell had no military training, his experience as a large landowner gave him a good knowledge of horses. Cromwell became convinced that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers. He knew that pike men, armed with sixteen-foot-long pikes, who stood their ground during a cavalry attack, could do a tremendous amount of damage. Oliver Cromwell also noticed that Prince Rupert's cavalry were not very well disciplined. After they charged the enemy they went in pursuit of individual targets. At the first major battle of the civil war at Edge hill, most of Prince Rupert's cavalrymen did not return to the battlefield until over an hour after the initial charge. By this time the horses were so tired they were unable to mount another attack against the Roundheads. Cromwell trained his cavalry to keep together after a charge. In this way his men could repeatedly charge the Cavaliers. Cromwell's new cavalry took part in its first major battle at Marston Moor in Yorkshire in July 1644. The king's soldiers were heavily defeated in the battle. Cromwell's soldiers became known as the Ironsides' because of the way they cut through the Cavaliers on the battlefield. The Mortuary hilted swords actually gained their unusual name some considerable time after the Civil War. For, as they bore representational portraits of King Charles Ist, it was believed in Victorian times that they were to symbolize the death of the King, however, as these swords were actually made from 1640, long before he was executed, it was an obviously erroneous naming, that curiously remains to this day. This example is a singularly handsome piece and would certainly be a fine addition to any collection of rare English swords. There are a few examples near identical to this sword in the Royal Collection and the Tower of London Collection. 28 inch blade. Beautifully later rebound wire grip. Some of the old retaining leather washer remains.
A Good French Boche Powder Flask, 19th Century, Shell Pattern By Boche of Paris, a fine quality flask with good working spring action. Boche apparently signed only his best examples and flasks by Boche belong to the highest in society.
A Good German Heer Officers Sword With Eagle and Swastika Hilt Maker marked blade. By E F Horster. Solingen. Doves head pommel with acorn leaf engraved p hilt, acorn leaf engraved backstrap and eagle and swastika langet. A gilded alloy hilt and the gilding is surface flaking with age. Swords made in the closing years up to the war tended to have alloy hilts [as opposed to brass or steel earlier on] that was then over gilded with thin pure gold. The blade is excellent and the steel blackened scabbard has no denting. The German Army (German: Heer, was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, from 1935 to 1945. The Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it. Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used. The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on the horse for transportation. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the early campaigns in the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength.
A Good German War Merit Cross With Swords 1939 This award was created by German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1939 as a successor to the non-combatant Iron Cross which was used in earlier wars (same medal but with a different ribbon). The award was graded the same as the Iron Cross: War Merit Cross Second Class, War Merit Cross First Class, and Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross. The award had two variants: with swords given to soldiers for exceptional service in battle above and beyond the call of duty. One notable winner of the War Merit Cross [without swords] was William Joyce (aka Lord Haw-Haw). A jolly nice example in very good order.
A Good German WW2 M42 Combat Helmet with Liner Good old original rough texture paint in Heer green, liner with rubbed edge wear and stamped size 57. Maker stamped CKL. The M1942 design was a result of wartime demands. The rolled edge on the shell was eliminated, creating an unfinished edge along the rim. This edge slightly flared out, along the base of the skirt. The elimination of the rolled edge expedited the manufacturing process and reduced the amount of metal used in each helmet. Shell paint colours were typically matte gray-green (army) or gray-blue (Luftwaffe), and the decals were eliminated in 1943 to speed up production and reduce the helmet's combat visibility. Greater manufacturing flaws were also observed in M1942 helmets made late in the war. Until the winter of 1942-1943, the German army was victorious in an almost unbroken chain of battlefield successes. Europe lay under German domination. After a successful German advance in summer 1942, the battle for the city of Stalingrad in late 1942 proved a turning point. Soviet forces halted the German advance at Stalingrad on the Volga River and in the Caucasus. After this defeat, German troops were forced on the defensive, beginning the long retreat westward that was to end with Nazi Germany's surrender in May 1945, some three years later. Soviet forces launched a counteroffensive against the Germans arrayed at Stalingrad in mid-November 1942. They quickly encircled an entire German army, more than 220,000 soldiers. In February 1943, after months of fierce fighting and heavy casualties, the surviving German forces—only about 91,000 soldiers—surrendered. After Stalingrad, Soviet forces remained on the offensive for the remainder of the war, despite some temporary setbacks. A last German offensive of around 750,000 combatants at Kursk failed in the summer of 1943 against the vastly superior armed 2,000,000. Russians. The Soviets pushed the Germans back to the banks of the Dnieper River in 1943 and then, by the summer of 1944, to the borders of East Prussia. In January 1945, a new offensive brought Soviet forces to the banks of the Oder, in eastern Germany.
A Good Heavy Grade Imperial Prussian Sabre of The Great War Finely etched blade, steel p hilt, wirebound fishskin grip. The langet at the rear has the owner's name Trompeter Schultze, and regimental number 1/27. Fully etched deluxe blade. It is unusual to have the name of the owner of swords of these type, and may prove useful for reseach on the regiment and their role in WW1.
A Good Imperial German 1915 Butcher Bayonet With flashguard Imperial German marking and date 1915. Steel combat scabbard. The Mauser Gew98 the so called 'Butcher' bayonet was issued in WW1 with the saw or plain back. It was commonly alleged that a German soldier captured alive with his 'saw back' type intact would be immediately killed by his allied captors, as the gruesomeness of the bayonet was much resented by the allied soldiers. This bayonet however is completely unaltered and plain. Fully German ordnance marked. The popular image of a trench assault is of a wave of soldiers, bayonets fixed, going "over the top" and marching in a line across no man's land into a hail of enemy fire. This was the standard method early in the war and successful examples are few. The more common tactic was to attack at night from an advanced post in no man's land, having cut the barbed wire beforehand. In 1917, the Germans innovated with infiltration tactics where small groups of highly trained and well-equipped troops would attack vulnerable points and bypass strong points, driving deep into the rear areas. The distance they could advance was still limited by their ability to supply and communicate. The role of artillery in an infantry attack was twofold. The first aim of a bombardment was to prepare the ground for an infantry assault, killing or demoralising the enemy garrison and destroying his defences. The duration of these initial bombardments varied, from seconds to days. The problem with artillery bombardments prior to infantry assaults was that they were often ineffective at destroying enemy defences and only served to provide the enemy with advance notice that an attack was imminent. The British bombardment that began the Battle of the Somme lasted eight days but did little damage to either the German barbed wire or their deep dug-outs where the defenders were able to wait out the bombardment in relative safety. A super piece in nice order overall. 14.5 inch blade
A Good Imperial German WW1 Wound Badge Souvenir of A WW2 D-Day Para The German Wound Badge was a German military award for wounded or frost-bitten soldiers of Imperial German Army in World War I, the Reichswehr between the wars, and the Wehrmacht, SS and the auxiliary service organizations during the Second World War. This form of award was in fact one of only two decorations awarded to Hitler in WW1 when he was wounded fighting in the trenches. After March 1943, due to the increasing number of Allied bombings, it was also awarded to injured civilians. It was ultimately one of the most highly prized, since it had to be "bought with blood". The badge had three classes: black (3rd class, representing Iron), for those wounded once or twice by hostile action (including air raids), or frost-bitten in the line of duty; silver (2nd class) for being wounded three or four times, or suffering loss of a hand, foot or eye from hostile action (also partial loss of hearing), facial disfigurement or brain damage via hostile action; and in gold (1st class, which could be awarded posthumously) for five or more times wounded, total blindness, "loss of manhood", or severe brain damage via hostile action. Badges exist in pressed steel, brass and zinc, as well as some base metal privately commissioned versions. Those of the First World War were also produced in a cutout pattern. All versions of the Wound Badge were worn on the lower left breast of the uniform or tunic. The badge was worn below all other awards on the left. We have the paras medal as well.
A Good King George IIIrd Duelling Pistol, Possibly By Rigby of Dublin. A fine walnut stock, steel barrel held with barrel slides, steel lock and fine steel furniture, stock of juglans regia and slab sided grips and pineapple finial steel trigger guard. Original ramrod with horn tip and worm-screw. All the steel is very nicely patinated. Irish census marked for County Clare. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Britain was most celebrated for the manufacturers of flintlock pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber English-made Wogdon pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. A pistol in sleeper condition [untouched for likely over 100 years] with small natural age related polished surface imperfections.
A Good Medieval Teutonic Knight's Battle Mace of Bronze Circa 13th-14th C , Made of Bronze Copper Alloy. Four stout pyramidal knobs on a cubic body. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. A weapon made at the time at great cost, and only for the most affluent knight, a battle mace for the crushing and smashing of armour. Crusades period of the Teutonic Order, The Livonian Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle mace. Excellent patina highly evocative signs of use. The mace head is approx. the size of a pool or billiard ball. A similar Mace is preserved in the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest. The last picture in the gallery is of Tuetonic Livonian Knights, the top left mounted knight is using his mace.
A Good Mons Star Medal For the 1st Dragoons The Mons star was authorized in April 1917 for award to those that served with the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces in France or Belgium on the establishment of a unit between 5th August 1914 and midnight on 22/23 November 1914. A rare star awarded to the few regulars who served at the very start of the war.The outbreak of the First World War found the Regiment again in South Africa, where they had helped quell the Johannesburg riots of 1913, earning praise for their restraint and judgement in this unpleasant duty. By October 1914, The Royal Dragoons were in Flanders, where for a short time they saw service in their normal cavalry role, during the intense activity which preceded the First Battle of Ypres. Thereafter the Regiment saw little mounted service - at first, in their role of mobile reserve, they were available to man trenches in their sector wherever the need was greatest, and so had to keep their horses close at hand, thereby suffering severe casualties among the horse holders from shellfire. Although throughout the war it was hoped to force a gap for the Cavalry to exploit, The Royals were only able to use the arme blanche twice. The first occasion was in a small but brilliantly successful charge alongside the 10th Hussars. The other occasion was during the final Allied offensive in 1918, when the Regiment formed part of an advanced guard; trenches, craters and wire restricted them, for most of the time, to patrolling. Their last action in the war was a charge, clearing positions around Honnechy which had impeded the Allied advance. However, for the greater part of the war The Royal Dragoons did hard and uncongenial work in the trenches, and did it with distinction, even though not properly equipped for an infantry role. The Regiment fought at the first and second Battle of Ypres, at Loos in 1915, opposite the Hohenzollern line in 1916, and against the Hindenberg line in 1917.
A Good Nepalese WW2 Military Kukri. With Black Leather Wood Scabbard. The Kukri is the renown and famous weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha.The Kukri is the renown and famous weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha. Probably the most respected and feared warriors in the world, the Gurkhas of Nepal have fought in the Gurkha regiments of the British Army for around two centuries. With a degree of loyalty and dedication that is legendary, there is no greater soldier to be at one's side when in battle than the noble Gurkha. With a Kukri in his hand and the battle cry called, "Ayo Gorkhali!" ["the Gurkhas are coming!"], no foe's head was safe on his shoulders. Battle hardened German Infantry in WW1, or WW2 Japanese Shock Troops, have been known to tremble in their boots at the knowledge that they would be facing the Gurkhas in battle. Some of the most amazing feats of heroism have resulted in the most revered medal, the British Victoria Cross [ the world's greatest and most difficult to qualify for gallantry medal] being awarded to Ghurkas. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even older, among them, one that once belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD. But, some say that the Khukuri's history is possibly centuries older this. It is suggested that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, in about the 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder Khukuri or Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, Khukuri's or Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon skill than the strength of the wielder. And thus so that it happens, that a diminutive Gurkha, a mere boy in regards to his stature, could easily cut to pieces a gigantic adversary, who simply does not understand the little Gurkha's mode of attack and fearsome skill. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with his Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against however strong his opponent. Lacking it's two by-knives
A Good Original Antique Nickel G &JW Hawksley Gun Case Oil Bottle 19th century Ideal for all kinds of cased pistols or long guns. Excellent condition. 3cm across [at widest] 5.5cm inches high
A Good Original Brangwyn WW1 Poster The Zeppelin Raids: the vow of vengeance. Drawn for "The Daily Chronicle" by Frank Brangwyn A.R.A. 'Daily Chronicle' readers are covered against the risks of bombardment by zeppelin or aeroplane During World War I, the impact of the poster as a means of communication was greater than at any other time during history. The ability of posters to inspire, inform, and persuade combined with vibrant design trends in many of the participating countries to produce interesting visual works. 20 XC 30.25 inches At the start of the twentieth century he was the one British artist whose work was revered by the European cognoscenti, and the Japanese recognised in his artistic endeavours a love of simplicity, geometric compositions, and clarity of colour. He worked for Bing and Tiffany and produced murals for four North American public buildings. A supremely charitable man with a reputation for being irascible; a pacifist whose brutal WWI poster Put Strength in the Final Blow (1918) reputedly led the Kaiser to put a price on his head. The man whom G K Chesterton described as ‘the most masculine of modern men of genius’ could also produce exquisitely delicate and serene works like St Patrick in the Forest (Christ’s Hospital murals); and his oils are as voluptuous in colour and form as his furniture is minimalist. Original WW1 Posters are becoming hugely popular yet some are still very affordable, prices for nice examples are reaching well into the thousands over the past couple of years now. If a 1920's Russian movie poster of the Battleship Potemkin will fetch over 100,000 pounds, just how much higher could contemporary propaganda posters easily go.
A Good Original Colt 1849 Pocket Revolver, Rare 6 Inch Barrel Version Manufactured in 1852. A lovely early Colt 5 shot pocket revolver, with roll-engraved stagecoach holdup scene to the cylinder, with all matching numbers including wedge and loading lever. Side stamped Colt's patent with two line New York address. Brass cone front and hammer notch rear sights. The silver plated back strap and trigger guard retain almost all of it's original crisp silver-plated finish. Action very nice. The family of Colt Pocket Percussion Revolvers evolved from the earlier commercial revolvers marketed by the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Paterson, NJ. The smaller versions of Colt's first revolvers are also called "Baby Patersons" by collectors and were produced in .24 to .31 calibers. The .31 caliber carried over into Samuel Colt's second venture in the arms trade in the form of the "Baby Dragoon"-a small revolver developed in 1847–48. The "Baby Dragoon" was in parallel development with Colt's other revolvers and, by 1850, it had evolved into the Revolving Pocket Pistol that collectors now name "The Pocket Model of 1849. It is a smaller version of the "Revolving Belt Pistol of Naval Caliber" introduced the same year and commonly designated by collectors as the "1851 Navy". In 1855 Colt introduced another pocket percussion revolver, the Colt 1855 Sidehammer, designed alongside engineer Elisha K. Root. One legend has it that the pocket models were popular with Civil War officers who did not rely on them as combat arms but as defense against battlefield surgeons bent on amputating a limb. Renown 19th century British explorer, cartographer, linguist and spy, Richard Francis Burton was a devotee of Colt Revolvers and carried a selection of them on his mid-eastern journeys including the trip to Somalia and Ethiopia in 1855. A Pocket model receives prominent mention: "My revolvers excited abundant attention, though none would be persuaded to touch them. The largest, which fitted with a stock became an excellent carbine, was at once named Abu Sittah (the Father of Six) and the Shaytan or Devil: the pocket pistol became the Malunah or Accursed, and the distance to which it carried ball made every man wonder" Burton was a captain in the army of the East India Company, serving in India (and later, briefly, in the Crimean War). Following this, he was engaged by the Royal Geographical Society to explore the east coast of Africa and led an expedition guided by the locals and was the first European to see Lake Tanganyika. In later life, he served as British consul in Fernando Pó, Santos, Damascus and, finally, Trieste. He was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and was awarded a knighthood (KCMG) in 1886. Areas of surface russetting.
A Good Original Masai Lion Hunter's Simi Dagger In traditional dyed skin covered wooden scabbard. Wide leaf shaped double edged blade. Skin covered wooden hilt.The Maasai people have traditionally viewed the killing of lions as a rite of passage. Historically, lion hunts were done by individuals, however, due to reduced lion populations, lion hunts done solo are discouraged by elders. Most hunts are now partaken by groups of 10 warriors. Group hunting, known in Maasai as olamayio, gives the lion population a chance to grow. Maasai customary laws prohibit killing a sick or infirm lion. The killing of lionesses is also prohibited unless provoked. At the end of each age-set, usually after a decade, the warriors count all of their lion kills to compare them with those hunted by the former age-set in order to measure accomplishment
A Good Original WW2 German MP38/MP40 Sub Machine Gun Magazine Loader Part of a small collection just arrived. With waffenamt mark. All original and all rare. The MP38 & MP40 (Maschinenpistole 38 or 40, literally "machine pistol 38 or 40") was a submachine gun developed in Germany and used extensively by paratroopers and platoon and squad leaders, and other troops during World War II. The MP38 and it's successor the MP40 had a relatively lower rate of fire and low recoil, which made it more manageable than other contemporary submachine guns. The MP38/40 was often called the Schmeisser by the Allies, after weapons designer Hugo Schmeisser. Although the name was evocative, Hugo Schmeisser himself did not design the MP40, but helped with the design of the MP41 which was effectively a MP40 with an old-fashioned wooden rifle stock. It is impossible to reconstruct how Schmeisser was honoured with this legend, but it must have been inspiring for the soldiers: the German slang-word "Schmeisser" describes someone who throws something inaccurately, but with high force. Schmeisser did produce the MP40 magazines and his name was engraved on them, which may explain the confusion.
A Good Plain Sykes Patent Copper Powder Flask. Early 19th Century. Good working spring action and measure.
A Good Russian Cold War Era Poster Original poster with interesting subject matter of military and maritime uniforms and ranks. This is one of a collection of Russian USSR posters we have acquired from the estate of an ex British Glider Pilot of WW2. This poster is folded and in condition as seen in the photos. 36.5 inches x 24 inches. This poster is a real and used item, not just for show, would look super nicely framed
A Good Scarce, Victorian, 12th Lancers Helmet Plate With Battle Honours In patinated brass. With two screw posts. With it's Victorian, pre Boer War battle honours; Egypt, Salamanca, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1851-2-3, Sevastopol, Central India. The regiment of dragoons that was to become the 12th Royal Lancers was raised by Brigadier-General Phineas Bowles in Berkshire in July 1715 against the threat of the Jacobite rebellion. In 1718 the regiment was placed on the Irish establishment and posted to Ireland, where it remained for seventy-five years. In 1751 the regiment was officially styled the 12th Dragoons. In 1768 King George III bestowed the title of The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons, the regiment was given the badge of the three ostrich feathers, and the motto "Ich Dien". The 12th Dragoons, led by General Sir John Doyle won their first battle honour in Egypt in 1801 against the French Dromedary corps.[3] They had previously had a young Duke of Wellington serve with them as a subaltern between 1789–91. In 1816, the 12th Light Dragoons were armed with lances after the cavalry of Napoleon's Army had shown their effectiveness at Waterloo and were re-titled 12th (The Prince of Wales's) Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (Lancers). In 1855 they reinforced the Light Cavalry Brigade in the Crimea after the Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava. In 1861, they were renamed 12th (The Prince of Wales's) Royal Regiment of Lancers. Between 1899 - 1902 they fought in the South African War, taking part in the Relief of Kimberley and Diamond Hill, the last battle of the war.
A Good Scottish Highland Piper's Dress Horsehair Thistle Emblem Sporran With metal embossed thistle top mount, chain and leather belt, white horsehair with two black horsehair tassels with embossed thistle metal cones. Real leather back.
A Good Seminal Work On The Mortimer Gunmakers By H. Lee Munson [Hardback] 312 pages published by Andrew Mowbray Publ. A fabulous reference work including serial numbers and manufacturing dates.
A Good Untouched Koto Katana Surrendered To British Major in WW2 A lovely deeply curved old blade mounted in WW2 fittings and used in the Imperial Japanese Army Officer in Burma in WW2. Surrendered to this British officer in '45 by the Japanese officer and it is complete with his signed and certified permission chit to hold possession and to return with to home with it as his WW2 souvenir [signed at HQ551 at Kalewa in early 1946]. Granted to a Major serving in the 14th Army under General Slim at Imphal campaign. The scabbard bears four distinct 'cut incisions' at the throat, and this has been a well recorded tradition of warriors, of all nations, for centuries. It represented to the soldier each of his personal victory's in hand to hand combat. From Imphal there were two routes to the Chindwin River and Burma. One route left the plain at its southern end. It then proceeded through the towns of Tiddim, Fort White, and Kalemyo before ending at the town of Kalewa on the Chindwin River. This route was called the Tiddim road. The other route exited the plain to the southeast and proceeded to Palel, crossed the Shenam Pass, and then to Tamu. At Tamu the route split. One could either continue east to the town of Sittaung on the Chindwin River or turn south down the Kabaw Valley to Kalemyo where it joined the Tiddim Road. The stretch to Tamu was called the Palel –Tamu Road. S.E.A.C.’s directives for operations in the Imphal area tasked 14th Army to contain and divert Japanese forces by gaining control of the area south of Imphal-Tamu road and west of the Chindwin River and to exploit east of the Chindwin River to support Special Force. In accomplishing this task Slim also saw an opportunity to draw the Japanese into a decisive battle on ground favorable to the 14th Army in order to severely weaken the Japanese Burma Area Army.
A Good Victorian 1856 Mk I Drummer's Sword The unusual and scarce curved blade model. The Greeks sent warriors off to battle with music. The Romans incorporated music on the battlefield, using assorted fanfares to signal troop movements. The Europeans carried on the tradition -- Napoleon's army traveled with musicians. The tactics, customs and ceremonies of the Civil War came from the Napoleonic tradition The Civil War was something of a bridge war between the wars of old and the wars of modern time. Even during the war, there was an evolution. At the beginning of the war, a lot of units traveled with loud brass bands. As the warfare changed, so did the accompaniment, stripped down to fife and drum corps. The field musicians played a vital role in the life of the regiment. They woke the troops in the morning with reveille and put them to bed with taps. The drummers, during battle, would signal troops when to attack or fire or retreat. Often, during battle, the musicians would retreat to the rear and serve as stretcher bearers. Some generals - Custer among them - had the band play during battle, Guthmann said, believing "it made the men fight harder." Drummer Boy of Waterloo. By Woodland Mary. When battle rous'd each warlike band, And carnage loud her trumpet blew, Young Edwin left his native land, A Drummer Boy for Waterloo. His mother, when his lips she pressed, And bade her noble boy adieu, With wringing hands and aching breast, Beheld him march for Waterloo. With wringing hands, But he that knew no infant tears, His Knapsack o'er his shoulder threw, And cried, ' Dear mother, dry those tears, Till I return from Waterloo." He went—and e'er the set of sun Beheld our arms the foe subdue, The flash of death—the murderous gun, Had laid him low at Waterloo. The flash of death, O comrades ! Comrades !' Edwin cried, And proudly beam'd his eye of blue, ' Go tell my mother, Edwin died A soldier's death at Waterloo.' They plac'd his head upon his drum, And 'neath the moonlight's mournful hue, When night had stilled the battle's hum, They dug his grave at Waterloo. When night had still'd. In the painting of the drummer boy, if one looks behind his left leg one can see the bottom of the drummer boy's sword blade. Also in the gallery there is a snippet from the Siege of Lucknow in the Indian Mutiny 1857. An account of Drummer Ross of the 93rd playing his bugle under fire from the rebels and singing Yankee Doodle standing on the dome of the highest Mosque in Lucknow. On 28 November at the Second Battle of Cawnpore, 15-year-old Thomas Flynn, a drummer with the 64th Regiment of Foot, was awarded the Victoria Cross. "During a charge on the enemy's guns, Drummer Flynn, although wounded himself, engaged in a hand-to-hand encounter with two of the rebel artillerymen". He remains the youngest recipient of the Victoria Cross. A widely reported incident aat the Battle of Isandlwana during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, spelled the end of boys being sent on active service by the British Army. Part of the British force returned to their camp at night to find that it had been overrun by the Zulu army a few hours previously. An eyewitness reported that "Even the little drummer boys that we had in the band, they were hung up on hooks, and opened like sheep. It was a pitiful sight". Drummer boys although still with the title 'drummer boy' used bugles by then. No scabbard
A Good Vintage 'Leg O'Mutton' Leather Guncase Superior grade handmade leather gun case, circa 1890 to 1920. Monogrammed 'M.P' Overall length 30 inches x 7 inches at widest. Barrel length capacity 28.5 inches. I strap AF [easily replaceable].
A Good War Merit Cross With Swords First Class Wide pin fixing, Alloy metal in good order. One of the highest awards for officer's, just under the Knights Cross award. With relief Swastika between the cross and swords. A medal for bravery when in military and maritime service but not necessarily when facing the enemy. For example, awarded for rescuing wounded in minefields, rescuing men from sinking ships, bomb disposal, or bravery during aerial bombardment. Curiously the bravery required to achieve this medal could be greater than was required to receive the traditional combat bravery medal, the Iron Cross Ist Class. Part of a group of souvenirs[ medals and badge]s from an old British war veteran. Both General Karl Wolff, & Friedrich Otto [SS-Oberstgruppenfûhrer] had and wore this form of award, as did SS-Oberstgruppenfûhrer BERGER
A Good WW1 .303 SMLE & Bayonet Made For The ANZAC Forces of the Great War Made in Australia. With original bayonet [officially de-tipped] and canvas strap. Good functioning action, signs of wear but essentially a very good gun indeed. Made and used in WW1 and subsequently used in WW2 by the Expeditionary Forces and the Dessert Rats until the production of the Enfield No4 Rifle in around 1942/3. The Anzac spirit or Anzac legend is a concept which suggests that Australian and New Zealand soldiers possess shared characteristics, specifically the qualities those soldiers allegedly exemplified on the battlefields of World War I. These qualities cluster around six ideas: endurance, courage, ingenuity, good humour, larrikinism, and mateship. According to this concept, the soldiers are perceived to have been innocent and fit, stoical and laconic, irreverent in the face of authority, naturally egalitarian and disdainful of British class differences. The Anzac spirit also tends to capture the idea of an Australian and New Zealand "national character", with the Gallipoli Campaign sometimes described as the moment of birth of the nationhood both of Australia and of New Zealand. The concept was first expressed in the reporting of the landing at Anzac Cove by Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett; as well as later on and much more extensively by Charles Bean. Not for sale to under 18's, deactivated not suitable for export.
A Good WW1 14/15 Star 'South African' Trio With Transvaal Highlanders Badge 8th Infantry, and further badges. All medals named. He served in the 7th and 8th Infantry. British TOE in April, 1916: 1st Division (Major General AR Hoskins) 1st East African Brigade- 2nd Loyal North Lancs, 2nd Rhodesia Regiment, 130th Baluchis, 3rd Kashmir Rifles/3rd KAR (Composite Batt) 2nd East Afican Brigade- 25th Royal Fusiliers, 29th Punjabis, 129th Baluchis, 40th Pathans Divisional Troops- 17th Indian Cavalry (one squadron), East African Mounted Rifles, King's African Rifles Mounted Infantry (one company), East Africa Pioneer Corps (Mounted Section), 27th Mountain Battery, 5th Battery South African Field Artillery, # 6 Battery (four 12 pdrs manned by 2nd LNL), # 7 Battery (four 15 pdrs), 38th Howitzer Brigade (one section of two 5" Howitzers), Willoughby's Armored Car Battery, 2nd LNL Machine-gun Company. 2nd East African Division (Major General J Van Deventer) 1st South African Mounted Brigade- 1st SA Horse, 2nd SA Horse, 3rd SA Horse, 8th SA Horse (forming SA). 3rd South African Infantry Brigade- 9th SA Infantry, 10th SA Infantry, 11th SA Infantry, 12th SA Infantry. Divisional Troops- South African Scout Corps, 28th Mounted Battery (six 10 pdrs), 2nd Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 4th Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), # 12 Howitzer Battery (two 5" Howitzers), East African Volunteer Machine-gun Company. 3rd East African Division (Major General C Brits) 2nd South African Mounted Brigade- 5th SA Horse, 6th SA Horse, 7th SA Horse, 9th SA Horse 2nd South African Infantry Brigade- 5th SA Infantry, 6th SA Infantry, 7th SA Infantry, 8th SA Infantry Divisional Troops- 1st Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 3rd Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 38th Howitzer Brigade (one section of two 5" Howitzers), # 5 Light Armoured Car Battery
A Good WW2 Fallshirmjager [German Paratrooper] Qualification Badge Photos to be added Friday. An early high quality piece shows superb crispness and detail with superb plumage. Gilt eagle with silver wreath with factory darkened finish with bright highlights, C clasp with cylindrical pin and barrel hinge. Maker marked by Assman. In later box. Photo in the gallery of Kurt Gröscke and his Adj Arno Hendrik, both wearing this award. Starting from a small collection of Fallschirmjäger battalions at the beginning of the war, the Luftwaffe built up a division-sized unit of three Fallschirmjäger regiments plus supporting arms and air assets, known as the 7th Flieger Division (7th Air Division). Fallschirmjäger units made the first airborne invasion when invading Denmark on the 9 April 1940. In the early morning hours they attacked and took control of Aalborg airport which played a key role acting as a refuel station for the Luftwaffe in the further invasion into Norway. In the same assault the bridges around Aalborg were taken. Other airborne attacks on Denmark the 9 April were also carried out, including one on a fort on the island Masnedo. Fallschirmjager would be awarded the Fallschirmschützenabzeichen, a Paratrooper Insignia featuring a diving gold eagle gripping a swastika. The Air Force paratrooper badge was authorized on November 5th, 1936 by the Minister of Aviation. The badge was issued in a blue fitted box with an award document. The paratrooper would wear it on the left side of the uniform in a vertical position. The design of the badge consisted of an oval metal wreath. The left half of the oval is adorned with laurel leafs while the right side has oak leafing. The bottom of the oval terminates on a three circle ring that simulates holding the wreath together. A diving eagle is placed across the wreath in a downward angle. It is facing left and it is clutching a swastika.
A Good WW2 German NSKK Service Belt Buckle. This buckle used by one of Hitler's 'Brownshirt' Stormtroopers, section NSKK Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps. The National Socialist Motor Corps was the smallest of the Nazi Party organizations and had originally been formed as a motorized corps of the Sturmabteilung (SA). In 1934, the group had a membership of approximately ten thousand and was separated from the SA to become an independent organization. This action may have saved the NSKK from extinction, as shortly thereafter the SA suffered a major purge during the Night of the Long Knives, due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Röhm [that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himler, leader of the SS] Rohm, alongside his senior staff, was executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'. The SA evolved out of the remnants of the Freikorps movement of the post-WWI years. The Freikorps were nationalistic organisations primarily composed of disaffected, disenchanted, and angry German combat veterans who believed that their government had betrayed Germany and sold them out by surrendering and submitting to the humiliating terms of the Versailles Treaty. The Freikorps were in opposition to the new Weimar Republic. Ernst Röhm was commander of the Bavarian Freikorps and was given the nickname "The Machine Gun King of Bavaria" because he was responsible for storing and issuing illegal machine guns to Freikorps units in Bavaria. He later became commander of the SA. During the 1920s and 1930s the SA functioned as a private militia that Hitler used to intimidate rivals and disrupt the meetings of competing political parties, especially those of the Social Democrats and the Communists. Also known as the "brownshirts" or "stormtroopers", the SA became notorious for their street battles with the Communists.The violent confrontations between the two groups contributed to the destabilisation of Germany's inter-war experiment with democracy, the Weimar Republic. In June 1932, one of the worst months of political violence, there were over 400 street battles, resulting in 82 deaths.This very destabilisation had been crucial in Hitler's rise to power, however, not least because it convinced many Germans that once Hitler became chancellor, the endemic street violence would end. When provided with 'evidence' of Röhm's conspiracy Hitler initially refused to believe the dossier provided by Himler's protégé, Heydrich, as he had liked Röhm and allways believed him loyal. Röhm had been one of his first supporters and, without his ability to obtain army funds in the early days of the movement, it is unlikely that the Nazis would have ever become established. The SA under Röhm's leadership had also played a vital role in destroying the opposition during the elections of 1932 and 1933. However, Adolf Hitler had his own reasons for wanting Röhm removed. Powerful supporters of Hitler had been complaining about Röhm for some time. The generals were fearful due to knowing Röhm's desire to have the SA, a force of over 3 million men, absorb the much smaller German Army into its ranks under his leadership. Further, reports of a huge cache of weapons in the hands of SA members, gave the army commanders even more concern. Industrialists, who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Röhm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place. Matters came to a head in June 1934 when President von Hindenburg, who had the complete loyalty of the Army, informed Hitler that if he didn't move to curb the SA then Hindenburg would dissolve the Government and declare martial law. After the purge the organization of the SA [Sturmabeitlung] continued, but was from then on subordinate to Himler's SS, where before it was superior to the SS. Many NSKK men, thanks to their efficient transport training and acquired skills were later transferred to Panzer divisions in both the Heer and SS. There is some light surface rust that we have left 'as is'. It would likely remove completely with polishing if desired.
A Good WW2 Japanese Arisaka Bayonet The Type 30 bayonet, sanjunen-shiki juken, was a bayonet designed for the Imperial Japanese Army to be used with the Arisaka Type 30 Rifle and was later used on the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles. It remained in front-line use from the Russo-Japanese War to the end of World War II. The Type 30 Bayonet was a single-edged sword bayonet with a 400 millimetres (15.75 in) blade and an overall length of 514 millimetres (20.24 in) with a weight of approximately 700 grams. The Type 30 bayonet is also known as the “Pattern 1897 bayonet”. Early Type 30 bayonets usually sported a hooked quillion guard which gave it a distinct look, but later models had a straight hand guard. The design was intended to give the average Japanese infantryman a long enough reach to pierce the abdomen of a cavalryman. However, the design had a number of drawbacks, some caused by the poor quality of forgings used, which tended to rust quickly and not hold an edge, and to break when bent. The weapon was manufactured from 1897 to 1945 at a number of locations, including the Kokura Arsenal, Koishikawa Arsenal (Tokyo) and Nagoya Arsenal, as well as under contract by private manufacturers including Matsushita, Toyoda Automatic Loom and others. Interestingly it was the bayonet the British Ordnance purchased and copied for it's SMLE rifle.
A Good WW2 Semi Auto Holster Used by A German Officer in WW2 Overall in good order. A rare holster for an Axis power officer, most likely for a security officer due to it's compact and very small size 6.35mm cal. Pistol
A Good, 1830's, 'Pepperbox' Percussion Revolver Pistol The pepper-box revolver or simply pepperbox (also "pepper-pot", from its resemblance to the household pepper grinder) is a multiple-barrel repeating firearm that has three or more barrels grouped around a central axis. It mostly appears in the form of a multi-shot handheld firearm. Pepperboxes exist in all ammunition systems: matchlock, wheellock, flintlock, percussion, pinfire, rimfire and centerfire. The pepperbox should not be confused with a volley gun (like the seven-barrel long gun made by Nock), a firearm that fires multiple projectiles simultaneously by use of multiple barrels.The difference is that a volleygun fires all the barrels simultaneously while the pepperbox is a repeater. The pepperbox should also not be confused with or as a development of the Gatling gun, which fires rapidly by the use of rotating multiple barrels. This type of firearm was popular in North America from 1830 until the American Civil War, but the concept was introduced much earlier. In the 15th century, several single-shot barrels were attached to a stock, being fired individually by means of a match. Around 1790, pepperboxes were built on the basis of flintlock systems, notably by Nock in England and "Segallas" in Belgium. These weapons, building on the success of the earlier two-barrel turnover pistols, were fitted with three, four or seven barrels. These early pepperboxes were hand-rotated. The invention of the percussion cap by Joshua Shaw, building on Alexander Forsyth's innovations, and the industrial revolution allowed pepperbox revolvers to be mass-produced, making them more affordable than the early handmade guns previously only seen in the hands of the rich. Examples of these early weapons are the English Budding (probably the first English percussion pepperbox), the Swedish Engholm and the American threebarrel Manhattan pistol. Most percussion pepperboxes have a circular flange around the rear of the cylinder to prevent the capped nipples being accidentally fired if the gun were to be knocked while in a pocket, or dropped. The pepperbox, at least the firearm that is mostly associated with this term, was invented in the 1830s and was intended for civilian use, but military officers often made private purchases for their own use.The design spread rapidly in the United Kingdom, the USA and some parts of continental Europe. It was similar to the later revolver in that it contained bullets in separate chambers in a rotating cylinder. Unlike the revolver, however, each chamber had its own barrel, making a complex indexing system unnecessary (though pepperboxes with such a system do exist).
A Good, Antique, Joseph Rodgers Of Sheffield No.6 Folding Bowie Knife Brass grips with enamelled panels. Untouched but could really polish up nicely. Enamelled side panels are very unusual and most attractive. Blade forte stamped with Rodgers Maltese Cross stamps, No.6 England, and blade face with Superior Steel Blade. The English folding Bowie is one of the most desirable types, and they were made around the 1830's to 1860's until standardization of production was instigated by the cutlers. The mark of The Star and Maltese Cross was originally registered in March 1682 by a Benjamin Rich. However, it is with Rodgers that this mark will forever by associated and they registered it in 1764. With increasing business in what is thought to have been exclusively Pocket Knives, in around 1780, the firm moved to larger premises at No. 6 Norfolk Street. Eventually, as Rodgers expanded, it would acquire surrounding property until the famous Norfolk Street Works occupied the entire plot. Around 1800, Rodgers’ product range broadened into razors, table cutlery and scissors and in 1821 the firm was appointed cutlers to The Royal Family for the first time. Around this period and inspired this prestigious title, Rodgers opened their first celebrated showroom in which they proudly exhibited their wares, including later on, arguably Rodgers two most famous knives, The Year Knife and The Norfolk Knife. The Year Knife was commenced in 1822 with a new blade being added for each year of the Christian era (the knife now contains two thousand blades). The Norfolk Knife, made for The Great Exhibition of 1851, took two years to complete and features blades with etchings of Queen Victoria, Chatsworth House and The White House amongst others. Both of these are now on proudly on display in Sheffield – The Year Knife is in The Kelham Island Industrial Museum and The Norfolk Knife is in The Cutlers Hall in the city center. Around 1860, new, even more spectacular showrooms were built and people came from as far and as wide as America and China to marvel at superb examples of Rodger’s craftsmanship. Visitors of the late 1800’s included King Edward VII and The Shah of Persia. 6.75 inch clip back blade, overall 11.25 inches , folded 8 inches. With side blade lock release.
A Good, English Use, Spherical Iron Head Battle Mace 600 to 800 years old A fine and original weapon from the 13th to 15th century with a multi spiked head of rounded pyramidical projections. On a replaced old haft. One of the oldest forms of battle weaponry that can trace it's origins back to the stone age, long before the use of daggers and swords.This is a super Medievil example, that most likely inflicted a terrible yet most effective result in hand to hand combat. Used from the time of the early Crusades.
A Good, Large, 19th Century Navaja Folding Knife. 17 Inches Long With traditional elongated blade and decoratively panelled swept curved grip with fine line decorated ivory or bone inlays and tortoishell panels. Clipped back blade with makers mark Beauvoie . 19th century. In Napoleonic Spain the carrying of the Navaja was punishable by Garotting and the gallery shows a pen and ink drawing by Francisco Goya of an execution of a man, with his Navaja tied around his neck. Despite official disapproval, the navaja de muelles became popular throughout Spain as a fighting and general utility knife, and was the primary personal arm of the Spanish guerrilleros who opposed Napoleon during his invasion and subsequent occupation of Spain in the Peninsular War of 1808–1814. Navajas crossed the hands and drew the blood of soldiers and sailors, rogues and ruffians, and diplomats and aristocrats both in and out of Spain's borders. The use of the navaja fostered a mystique, not only from Seville's back streets, but also from the seedy waterfronts of Barcelona, and the cosmopolitan promenades of Madrid. Regardless of their original intent, the navaja represented the ultimate means for resolving disagreements, misunderstandings, and problems that arose in dockside bars, darkened alleys, and an untold number of places not found in any guidebook; places where there is little reliance on legal recourses; places where you either catch a glimpse of steel and live - or miss it, and never know why you died. Defence with the navaja has been reduced to a science, which has its regular school of instruction. The teachers give lessons with wooden knives, and the most noted among them have their private strokes, which are kept secret for cases of emergency. The arts of the most accomplished swordsman are worthless, when opposed to those of an expert with the navaja. With his cloak or jacket wrapped about his left arm, his formidable weapon glittering in his right hand, and his lithe body poised for a spring, he is an interesting study for the spectator, as well as for his antagonist. The thumb is pressed tightly along the back of the blade, that every advantage may be taken of the flexibility of the wrist, in a struggle where the space of an inch is often a matter of life and death. The postures and guards are changed with bewildering rapidity, and, should the right hand be disabled, the cloak and knife are shifted in the twinkling of an eye, and the duel proceeds, until one or both the combatants are killed. Blade 7.75 inches.
A Good, Non-Regulation Pattern British Sea Service Flintlock Pistol Bearing many of the standard sea service pistol traits, such as the long elegant lines, the short eared brass butt cap, the ring neck cock and the brass tailed sideplate, but all with very slight variances, and the stock is a slightly lighter gauge. We believe it may likely be a British Merchant Navy service flintlock pistol, of the circa 1790's. Fine walnut stock, good tight action, but with a replaced side-plate nail that does not locate correctly. Old working life forend stock repair. 9.5 inch barrel with oval 1740 cp & v proofs. The whole raison d'etre of the Royal Navy is to protect British interests, property, colonies and vessels on the high seas, and in the 18th and early 19th century, many British merchant vessels suffered badly from French and Spanish Naval attacks, during the Anglo French Wars, and from rogue corsairs and pirates. The British maritime matelots were armed very similarly to their regular Royal Navy counterparts, as conflicts at sea were a very serious hazard, and an adequate form of defense for every vessel was an absolutely necessity in those perilous days.
A Good, Original WW1 German Iron Cross Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Good, Original WW1 German Iron Cross Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. Photo in the gallery of Ernst Hess, Adolf Hitler's commanding officer in WW1 wearing his identical Iron Cross. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Good, Original, Vintage Ship's Binnacle Compass A super original maritimecollectors item for someone with a naval bent. Brass case that is covered in wartime green paint [should strip beautifully]. Working liquid filled compass, patent markings. Oil lamp lighting section.
A Good, Robust, British 1853 'Charge of the Light Brigade' Lancer's Sabre A very good British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Lancer's Battle Sabre'. In good stout order but russetted overall. The chequered leather rivetted grips are completely original and very good. Maker marked blade by Reeve. This sword, through family repute, was used by a lancer in the 17th Lancers in the fateful Charge at Balaklava. However, of course 'by family repute' has little basis in provenence, sadly, but, it is withought doubt an intriguing possibility none the less. An identical sword, used in the charge, is exhibited in the 'Charge Regimental Museum' 13/18th Royal Hussars and Light Dragoons [also, see photo page 183 in 'Crimean Memories, Artifacts of the Crimean War' by William Hutchison, Micheal Vice and BJ Small]. The blade is good with natural age patina. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Cullodon, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiment, as part of the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. Leather 5 rivet grip, triple bar guard.
A Good, Scarce, German 14th Kavallerie Regimental Sword and Knot Used in WW2. Fully etched blade with full regimental name of the 14th Kavellerie and an etched panel of a cavalry charge, with all the troop wearing steel combat helmets. Steel p hilt black celluliod grip with wire binding. Black painted steel scabbard. The same type of sword worn by General der Kavallerie Edwin Graf von Rothkirch und Trach, who joined the 14th Kavellrie, aged 42, in 1930, as a major. In September 1939 he was made Chief of the General Staff of the XXXIV Corps Command. Serving in the war for two years on the Eastern Front he was promoted in November 1944 to Commanding General of the LIII Army. General Graf von Rothkirch und Trach was captured at Neunkirchen by Lieutenant Colonel Abrams' 37th Tank Battalion in March 1945. The remnants of Graf von Rothkirch und Trachs LIII Army Corps fell back across the Rhine River but was destroyed a month later in the Ruhr pocket. Kavallerie was drawn down somewhat in the German armed forces after the French campaign, but soon after the invasion of Russia it was realised an increase in Cavalry was essential for anti-partisan policing and for recce in terrain unsuitable for vehicles. In the picture gallery their shows an original photo of a WW2 German cavalry trooper who has his identical sword mounted on his saddle. Areas of wear to the scabbard paintwork and surface pitting on areas of the blade and hilt. Very bright polished overall
A Graf Zeppelin Circa 1924 Stereoscope in Original Case And 15 View Cards In very nice original condition.
A Great Helm of the European Style Circa 1370, 19th century. Formerly the property of The Higgins Armory Collection. Purchased by Mr Higgins from James Graham & Son in New York in April 1946. A Great Helm in 14th century style. Almost certainly from the workshop of Samuel Luke Pratt. Formed of five riveted plates, with horizontal vision slit pierced on the right with a cruciform ventilation hole, adomed crown with several aged holes, and in patinated 'aged' condition throughout (holed at the rear, blackened throughout) 41.3cm; 16 in high. Higgins Armory Inventory no 2831. This amazing example was most probably made to the order of the celebrated 19th century arms dealer, Mr Pratt of Bond St. London. He was the chief provider of original and copy armour to the great English collectors of the time, that were inspired by the Gothic Revival. Parts of this great helm appear to have some very early plates which possibly may have come from original, period armour. This Antique helm may well have been sold at the time, for the greater part, as being original, which it is not, but such is it's immediate appearance, when it was originally acquired and very similar to another great helm acquired by Lord Warwick. Lord Warwick acquired some armour from the Meyrick Collection, for the Castle armoury, from Mr Pratt, probably during the renovations after the great fire at Warwick Castle in 1871. Two similar original examples are in St. George's Hall at Windsor Castle, and another with the 'Achievements' of the Black Prince at his mausoleum in Canterbury Cathedral. Windsor Castle is an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years it was started by William the Conqueror and the Castle remains a working palace today. This form of Great Helm is one of the very rarest, with very few confirmed originals remaining in the world. There is one in The Tower of London Collection. William the Conqueror ordered the start of the building of Warwick in the 11th century, and by the 14th century the great Towers were completed. We consider ourselves very fortunate to have the opportunity to acquire some wonderful arms and weaponry from a small disposal from the Castle Armoury, in order to benefit the restoration of the Castle. In the year 1264, the castle was seized by the forces of Simon de Montfort, who consequently imprisoned the then current Earl, William Mauduit, and his Countess at Kenilworth (who were supporters of the king and loyals to the barons) until a ransom was paid. After the death of William Mauduit, the title and castle were passed to William de Beauchamp. Following the death of William de Beauchamp, Warwick Castle subsequently passed through seven generations of the Beauchamp family, who over the next 180 years were responsible for the majority of the additions made to Warwick Castle. After the death of the last direct-line Beauchamp, Anne, the title of Earl of Warwick, as well as the castle, passed to Richard Neville ("the Kingmaker"), who married the sister of the last Earl (Warwick was unusual in that the earldom could be inherited through the female line). Warwick Castle then passed from Neville to his son-in-law (and brother of Edward IV of England), George Plantagenet, and shortly before the Duke's death, to his son, Edward. Several Kings owned Warwick including King Henry VIIth, and Henry VIIIth, James Ist, and also Queen Elizabeth. One picture in the gallery shows a faithful replica of the Helm of the Black Prince as appears in The Times of Edward the Black Prince. [for information only, not included] Great Helms are so rare that if another original example with provenence was found it would likely be priceless.
A Great WW1 French Trench Fighting Knife Used In WW2 by German Military Stamped with the motto Le Vengeur De 1870 to represent the huge indignity suffered by France from Germany in the Franco Prussian War in 1870 and it represented the vengence that the French soldier would wreak on the German Invaders. The stamped metal cross guard is stamped on the upper reverse with a star B French military acceptance mark. Ironically it is now well known that these knives were captured in large numbers by the Germans in 1940 and re-used by the Heer and SS [after the French capitulation]. This knife came from a captured German in 1944. The knife/dagger 1916 is the last regulation French model of First World War and the only one they could tell to be of a manufacture well-manicured and made to last. This weapon was possibly made by Prodon of Thiers in 1915, and was retained in 1916 under the name of “couteau poignard Mle 1916 (knife dagger Mle 1916)”. It was used until the second world war. It was equipment for the infantry and the tank regiments. The extra hard steel blade could carry several markings, but not all have the mythical inscription "le vengeur de 1870". The blade was used as the inspiration for the M1918 US Knuckleduster Knife. No scabbard in overalL very good condition, and overall a most interesting dagger.
A Great, British Parachute Regt. Helmet & 2 Camouflage Smocks WW2 Pattern Para helmet [mostly used later] with Light Aid Detachment decal. With a 1960's issue smock and a 1970's Northern Ireland and Falklands Campaign vintage sergeant's issue smock. A super lot from one of the great heroic regiments of the British Army covering 50 years. The WW2 pattern helmet is a particular gem, being late war pattern production and used in many of the campaigns in service till the mid 1980's. The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is the Airborne Infantry of the British Army. One battalion is permanently under the command of the Director Special Forces in the Special Forces Support Group. The other battalions are the parachute infantry component of the British Army's rapid response formation, 16 Air Assault Brigade. It is the only line infantry regiment that has not been amalgamated with another unit since the end of the Second World War. Members of the Parachute Regiment are often colloquially known to the rest of the army and the British public as the "Paras". The Parachute Regiment was formed during the Second World War and eventually raised 17 battalions. In Europe, these battalions formed part of the 1st Airborne Division, the 6th Airborne Division and the 2nd Independent Parachute Brigade Group. Another three battalions served with the British Indian Army in India and Burma. The regiment took part in six major parachute assault operations in North Africa, Italy, Greece, France, the Netherlands and Germany, often landing ahead of all other troops. At the end of the Second World War, the regiment was reduced to three regular army battalions first assigned to the 16th Parachute Brigade and later the 5th Airborne Brigade. The reserve 16th Airborne Division was formed using the regiment reserve battalions in the Territorial Army. Defence cuts gradually reduced the TA formations to a parachute brigade and then a single reserve battalion. In the same time period, the regular army battalions have taken part in operations in Suez, Cyprus, Borneo, Aden, Northern Ireland, the Falklands, the Balkans, Sierra Leone, Iraq and Afghanistan, at times being reinforced by men from the reserve battalion.
A Great, Original 1840's Double Rifled Barrell Howdah Pistol Made in Europe for the British Empire market with English Damascus twist rifled barrels, marked in gold 'Damas Anglais'. Large bore barrels, back action locks finely engraved throughout. Carved walnut stock. Circa 1840. With a pair of over and under rifled barrels. Early rifled percussion examples are particularly rare, as most percussion models were smoothbore, before the introduction of the cartridge taking breech loading Howdah pistols. A formidable and singularly impressive double barrel large bore pistol, for use when seated in the Howdah, when riding on an Elephant, for protection against Tiger attack. Scroll engraved all steel mounts. The name "Howdah pistol" comes from the sedan chair- known as a Howdah which is mounted on the back of an elephant. Hunters, and officers, especially during the period of the British Raj in India, used howdahs as a platform for hunting wild animals and needed large-calibre side-arms to protect themselves, the elephant, and their passengers from animal attacks at close range. Even though Howdah pistols were designed for use in the “gravest extreme” against dangerous game (such as tigers), they were used in combat by some officers, for both offence and defence, as their effectivenes was simply unrivalled in close quarter action. Demand for these potent weapons outstripped supply, and many seen still surviving today are in fact converted shotguns, with shortened barrels and pistol grip restocking, and in later years gunmakers responded with revolvers, in calibres as large as .500, in order to fill the need. Firearms like these were one source of inspiration for the overtly powerful .44 magnum revolver. A 1996 movie, called 'The Ghost and the Darkness', starring Michael Douglas, featured the Douglas character, Charles Remington, using an identical "howdah" pistol in several scenes. This pistol has signs of use and has two small screw, a lanyard ring and rammer lacking. Fortunately, these are small not significant pieces and would be very easy to replace or leave as is. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables 7.5 inches barrels, 14.25 inches overall long
A Great, Victorian, Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery Officer's Battle Sword 1870's. A wide heavy gauge battle sword with full Volunteer Artillery corps etching, and a monogrammed panel. Traditional 3 bar guard. Overall russet surface, with bright polished blade. Through family research the officer served in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery in the Zulu War, and was transferred to the Frontier Caribiniers. He obtained his Zulu War medal, one of only 12 men to receive such a medal, while serving in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery. No scabbard. Later etched with secondary owner's monogramme W.A.C
A Highly Attractive Antique Suit of Original Edo Period Samurai Gosuku Photographed after it's recent full cleaning. With Shinari Kabuto [acorn shaped helmet] of built up lacquer over iron construction. With fully laced Shikoro [neck armour lames]. Open hanbo face guard, with laced Nodowa [throat armour]. Dark brown lacquer thin plates with full lacing to the Do in Maru-do type form [breast plate without hinge, single side opening]. Chain mail over silk Kote [arm armour] with plate Tekko [hand armour]. Fully laced and plate Sode [shoulder armour] Fully laced four panels of Haidate [waist armour] Fully laced Kasazuri [thigh Armour], without lower Suneate. The armour is trimmed in printed and decorated doe skin and all the connection fittings are in traditional carved horn. This armour is absolutely beautiful. It's condition is very good indeed apart from some lacquer wear to the helmet but this we can attend to, some silk perishing on part of the thigh armour top section, and some colour fading to one hand armour lacquer. Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China and Korea. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century.Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs. During the Heian period 794 to 1185 the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armor parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from. In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours).Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms. The era of warfare called the Sengoku period ended around 1600, Japan was united and entered the peaceful Edo period, samurai continued to use both plate and lamellar armour as a symbol of their status but traditional armours were no longer necessary for battles. During the Edo period light weight, portable and secret hidden armours became popular as there was still a need for personal protection. Civil strife, duels, assassinations, peasant revolts required the use of armours such as the kusari katabira (chain armour jacket) and armoured sleeves as well as other types of armour which could be worn under ordinary clothing.Edo period samurai were in charge of internal security and would wear various types of kusari gusoku (chain armour) and shin and arm protection as well as forehead protectors (hachi-gane). Armour continued to be worn and used in Japan until the end of the samurai era (Meiji period) in the 1860s, with the last use of samurai armour happening in 1877 during the Satsuma Rebellion
A Highly Desirable & Fabulous '1876' Wild West Winchester Rifle in 40.60 A fabulous example in very good condition with adjustable long distance peep site. Good walnut stock with superb patina. Very good patina over all metal parts, makers name address and patent dates to barrel. Superb tight action. The Model 1876 was the big bore brother of the Winchester 1873, designed to fulfill the need for a gun with much greater stopping power and distance range than the regular '73.The 1876 Winchester was a large bore arm made in much fewer numbers than it's predecessors and successors and it's scarcity due to that alone makes it a fine collectors item. It was hugely popular with the famous men on the frontier, looking for a very powerful repeating rifle, that was handy enough to carry on a horse, yet still able to shoot long distances and drop all it hit. Famous and infamous westerners known to have used the Model 1876 include [President] Teddy Roosevelt, Johnny Ringo (Tombstone), Charlie Bowdre (Lincoln County War), Major Frank Wolcott (Johnson County War), John "Liver Eating" Johnston upon whom the movie character "Jerimiah Johnson" was based, and Granville Stuart (Montana rancher and vigilante). Plus, numerous Texas Rangers and possibly most famous of all, the lengendary Buffalo Bill. We show a photo of Buffalo Bill and Sitting Bull together with their Winchester used in his Wild West show. Teddy Roosevelt was photographed with one of his 1876 rifles, as was buffalo Bill. Teddy Rosevelt liked the 1876 even better than his treasured English double rifles. In the movie “Tom Horn” Steve McQueen uses his Model 1876. It was also the model of Winchester that was chosen for the Canadian North West Mounted Police [The Mounties]. Founded in May 1873 The Mounties, in remarkably small numbers, successfully brought law and order to the Canadian part of the Continent of North America. Using traditional, fair and diplomatic methods they were highly respected and trusted by the settlers, miners, and native tribesmen alike. In the summer of 1876, Sitting Bull and thousands of Sioux after the Little Big Horn were fleeing the US Military to southern Saskatchewan, and James Morrow Walsh of the NWMP was charged with maintaining control in the large Sioux settlement at Wood Mountain. Walsh and Sitting Bull became good friends, and the peace at Wood Mountain was maintained. The NWMP achieved a glowing record of assistance and protection to the tens of thousands who entered the Yukon in search of gold. The Yukon refused to surrender her riches easily and the entrepreneurs continually battled the realities of their harsh environment. Only a few found gold; injury and death rewarded many who dared venture. Not many found their Eldorado and most left the inhospitable climate as quickly as they had come. As it this fabulous rifle takes a rare, obsolete, centre fire cartridge, it is not required to be deactivated, nor indeed is a license needed in order to own or collect it. It takes the large.40-60 calibre. Interestingly it is also serial numbered within 1500 guns of the serial range of the NWMP contract rifles. Small 1.5 inch chip from the surface walnut just under the cocking lever offside.
A Hindenberg 1974 Disaster Movie Prop, But Incredibly Authentic A fabulous and rare piece of Movie and Airship Zeppelin memorablia. The airship's passenger and crew list printed on handmade paper and so convincing it looks absolutely period and completely original. Except, all the passengers listed were fictitious characters from the book. This was made for the film, to be used in various scenes involving all the main stars. "The Hindenburg" A Hollywood's disaster thriller (USA 1974) with Anne Bancroft and George C. Scott, on the novel by Michael M. Mooney, based on real events that occurred in 1937 in the USA during it's flight from Berlin and the fateful disaster on mooring in America. The film stars George C. Scott. It was produced and directed by Robert Wise, and was written by Nelson Gidding, Richard Levinson and William Link, based on the 1972 book of the same name, The Hindenburg, by Michael M. Mooney. A. A. Hoehling, author of the 1962 book Who Destroyed The Hindenburg?, also about the sabotage theory, sued Mooney along with the film developers for copyright infringement as well as unfair competition. However, Judge Charles M. Metzner dismissed his allegations. A highly speculative thriller, The Hindenburg depicts a conspiracy leading to the destruction of the airship. In reality, while the Zeppelins were certainly used as a propaganda symbol by the Third Reich, and anti-Nazi forces might have had the motivation for sabotage, the theory of sabotage was investigated at the time, and no firm evidence for such sabotage was ever put forward. The possibility of Boerth's (i.e. Spehl's) deliberate sabotage is one theory of the fire that had been the subject of Mooney's book, published around the time of the film's development. It has never been proven definitively, and most airship experts tend to discredit this theory.
A Horn Hilt Jambiya With solid horn hilt double edged blade and leather scabbard.19th century.
A Huge Shinto Katana Carved Horimono Blade With Demon Hunter 18th century late Shinto katana with a huge 30.25 inch blade. This is an absolute beauty of an antique samurai sword, with fully matching koshirae of fushi, kashira, saya, sayajiri, and tsuba in shakudo with a carved dragon design. The original Edo lacquer to the saya bears a simulated wood grain over dark red on a gold foil base. The swords fittings, wrap, saya etc. have remained completely untouched for over 140 years. The carved horimono to one side is a Demon Hunter standing in clouds with a yari polearms, looking down upon an oni demon on a mountain top. The other side bears a dragon. 42 inches long approx overall in saya
A Japanese Armour Cuirass [Do] Haramaki Type 15th Century Style Formerly from the Metropolitan Museum of Art collection in New York, sold by the Parke Bernet Galleries Inc. in November 1956, to the Higgins Armory Museum Collection. Leather covered iron plates decorated with brass and fitted with kusazuri of four lames. The interior is lacquered over iron. One leather hanging mount strap broken. Haramaki is a type of chest armour (dou or do) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan and their retainers. Haramaki were originally constructed with the same materials as the o-yoroi but designed for foot soldiers to use as opposed to the o-yoroi which was for mounted warfare. Haramaki refers to Japanese armour which is put on from the front and then fastened in the back with cords. This armour is in very nice condition overall and likely made late Edo period. Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China and Korea. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century. Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs. During Heian period 794 to 1185 the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armor parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from. In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours). Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms.
A Japanese Edo Period Armour Sleeve And Gauntlet In Japanese called the kote and tekko. A single one piece Kote, armoured glove like sleeve which extends to the shoulder, then down to the kusari lined han kote, which covers the forearm and hand. Ideal for framing for a unique interior décor display or as an original piece oif original samurai warfare history. Kote were made from cloth covered with iron plates of various size and shape, connected by chain armour (kusari). Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century.Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs. During the Heian period (794-1185), the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armour parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from. In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours). Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms. The era of warfare called the Sengoku period ended around 1600, Japan was united and entered the so-called peaceful Edo period, but conflict remained through internecine and clan rivalry. Samurai continued to use both plate and lamellar armour as a symbol of their status and for extreme combat. During the Edo period light weight, portable and secret hidden armours became popular as there was still a need for personal protection. Civil strife, duels, assassinations, peasant revolts required the use of armours such as the kusari katabira (chain armour jacket) and armoured sleeves as well as other types of armour which could be worn under ordinary clothing. Edo period samurai were in charge of internal security and would wear various types of kusari gusoku (chain armour) and shin and arm protection as well as forehead protectors (hachi-gane). Armour continued to be worn and used in Japan until the end of the samurai era (Meiji period) in the 1860s, with the last use of samurai armour happening in 1877 during the Satsuma Rebellion.
A Japanese Edo Period Processional or Ceremonial Pole Arm Yari Set on a very good mother o'pearl decorated haft. With a over lacquered blade cover. A yari on it's pole can range in length from one metre to upwards of six metres (almost 20 feet). The longer hafted versions were called omi no yari while shorter ones were known as mochi yari or tae yari. The longest hafted versions were carried by foot troops (ashigaru), while samurai usually carried a shorter hafted yari. Yari are believed to have been derived from Chinese spears, and while they were present in early Japan's history they did not become popular until the thirteenth century. The original warfare of the bushi was not a thing for "commoners"; it was a ritualized combat usually between two warriors who may challenge each other via horseback archery and sword duels. However, the attempted Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281 changed Japanese weaponry and warfare. The Mongol-employed Chinese and Korean footmen wielded long pikes, fought in tight formation, and moved in large units to stave off cavalry. Polearms (including naginata and yari) were of much greater military use than swords, due to their much greater range, their lesser weight per unit length (though overall a polearm would be fairly hefty), and their great piercing ability. Swords in a full battle situation were therefore relegated to emergency sidearm status from the Heian through the Muromachi periods. Ceremonial yari were used for parades of Daimyo travelling through regions or traditional public ceremonies in the Edo era. MOP losses to haft.
A Japanese Edo Period Sai [Three Pronged] Jitte Jutte Sword Breaker A superb and fascinating antique samurai defensive/offensive weapon. Edo period [1598 to 1867]. Used since the Muramachi era, the Jutte (or Jitte) is a Japanese martial arts weapon similar to the Sai. Though unlike Sai [three pronged] which are traditionally used in pairs the Jutte is a single weapon. While this martial arts weapon is relatively obscure today, it is used by a martial arts style known as Juttejutsu and is also taught in some schools of Ninjutsu and some Bujutsu Ryu. In ancient Japan, this two pronged baton was used by retainers in situations where swords were prohibited. The Jutte/Jitte was used to block knife/sword strikes, hit opponents with the shaft and to trap oncoming sword strikes between the shaft and prong by twisting the jutte. The jutte is also sometimes referred to as the 'sword breaker' as in the hands of a master it is possible to not only trap but also to break a sword blade (though this requires great strength and extensive understanding of both the jutte and the sword).
A Japanese Pacific Theatre British 4 Medal POW Medal Group With Pacific star with lifetime membership card of the Far Eastern Prisoner of War [1941-45] Association London. Formerly the medals of a British soldier. Sadly he taken prisoner by the Japanese during WW2. He fell into their hands and was treated with the respect and care that was usual within Japanese WW2 military hospitality. Amongst these kindnesses was to be hung up by the ears while forced to stand for hours on end, on a chair, on tip toe.Officers and men taken out onto the prison parade ground twice a day, with all their fellow inmates, and witnessing the camp commandant simply choose a British prisoner at random to shoot in the head, and further to watch prisoners force fed dried rice, followed by funnels of water, in order for their intestines to explode. All the previously detailed vile acts and sufferings of our poor soldiers [and too many more others to list] are a matter of highly detailed public record, and it further illustrates that a pow of the [WW2 period] Japanese military were 30 times less likely to survive incarceration than a pow of the German military. The medals will be sold with a donation made to the current POW Association.
A Japanese Trousse of A Cutting Knife and Chopsticks Silver metal with blind and open fretwork geometric pattern décor, some inlaid with black enamel. Signs of natural age wear and very small denting to the scabbard. This piece was from around the mid 19th century. It is a thoroughly charming piece of nice quality, and a fine example. For both general and travelling use. As travelling, was at that time of course, incalculably slower than is now taken for granted. The simplest of distances, say 10 miles, could take days, and of course the higher ranks, had no restrictions for travel that the peasantry had. Some were not permitted to travel more than 1/2 mile from their birth for all their lives without an official pass from their master. Small part of one side of the knife blade handle plate is lacking.
A Japanese WW2 Officer's Sword Ritsumeikan Tarenjo Smith, Sakurai Masayuki With a beautiful, polished, gendaito blade by Masayuki an incredibly vibrant hamon. All good traditional type 95 mounts and tsuba, with a leather bound combat steel saya. A very good and sound example of these much sought after swords of Imperial Japan, Ritsumeikan Tarenjo Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto had a small forge (tanrenjo) set up during World War II which made swords for the military and the war effort. The forge was led by Sakurai Masayuki, the second son of Sakurai (Manji) Masatsugu, a well known early gendai swordsmith. He originally signed Masatsuna. He worked in Fukuoka, Osaka, and Kyoto (Ritsumeikan University). He was an early teacher of Seiho Sumitani (Sumitani Masamine), who became a Ningen Kokuho Tosho (Living National Treasure Swordsmith) from Kanazawa. Several swordsmiths worked and trained at the Ritsumeikan Tanrenjo. Among them were Masayuki, Masatake, Yokota Masamitsu and Kawai Yoshikazu. Yoshikazu was a Jumei Tosho (Army approved swordsmith) and won the Nyusen prize at the sword competition held by Japanese army in the prewar Japan. Most swords made at the Ritsumeikan University Tanrenjo are signed "Oite Ritsumeikan" (made at Ritsumeikan ) with the name of the swordsmith or swordsmiths. Many of the swordsmiths working there were Jumei Tosho (Army approved swordsmiths), thus many of the Ritsumeikan blades will bear a star stamp. There were several "swordsmiths in training" also working at the Ritsumeikan Tanrenjo. Not all bear the Jumei Tosho star stamp. Sakurai Masayuki, the second son of Sakurai (Manji) Masatsugu, a well known early gendai swordsmith. He originally signed Masatsuna. He worked in Fukuoka, Osaka, and Kyoto (Ritsumeikan University). Most Ritsumeikan swords are found in shingunto koshirae.
A Jolly Nice English Box Lock Flintlock Pistol By Garratt Of London Good action with sliding safety, and a nice turn off barrel for breech loading. Good walnut stock. Made when William Garratt had a shop at Mile End Old Town, London, around 1800. A great conversational piece, and almost all gentlemen required such a piece of personal defense weaponry. Although one likes to think that jolly old Georgian England had a London full of cheerful cockneys and laddish chimney sweeps, it was also plagued with political intrigue, nefarious characters and caddish swine prowling the endless foggy thoroughfares and dimly lit passageways, wishing to do harm to their unsuspecting victim. As with all our antique guns there is no license required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Jolly Nice WW1 Original 'Cartoon' Watercolour, Christmas 1917 With Tommy sitting in his trench dugout 'Poets Corner' with a Zeppellin flying over being observed by a rat.
A Khedive Star Medal Five pointed star with a central raised circle bearing an image of the Sphinx with the Pyramids behind, the word ‘EGYPT’ above followed by a year (for the first three issues and undated for the fourth) with the same written in Arabic below. The reverse has the monogram of the Khedive under a crown within a raised circle. The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The suspender [lacking] was straight with a crescent and five pointed star in the centre which is attached to the star with a small metal loop passing through a small ring between the two top points of the star. Ist issue dated 1882. Good Very Fine condition. No ribbon,mount.Unnamed as issued.
A King Airship Co. of Washington, Historic Stock Certificate August 1920 On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers were the first to fly in a powered and controlled aircraft. Previous flights were lighter than air vehicles, gliders (control but no power) or free flight (power but no control), but the Wright brothers combined both, setting the new standard in aviation records. There have been many booms and busts in the aviation industry. The earliest known aviation stock certificate for a company that actually made a flying airship called the Novelty Air Ship Company in 1888. The Novelty Air Ship Company manufactured the vehicle for Professor Peter C. Campbell who was the inventor. Unfortunately, the air ship was lost at sea in 1889 while being test flown by Professor Hogan during an exhibition flight. This historic document was printed by the Goes Company and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a Bald eagle. This item has the signatures of the Company’s Secretary and the President and is over 93 years old.
A King George IIIrd 1805 East India Co. Baker Rifle 'Type' Sword Bayonet Most similar to the 1805 Baker rifle sword-bayonet, but, with a slightly lighter grade hilt. The hilt is brass and the small quillon is lacking. The Baker rifle (officially known as the Pattern 1800 Infantry Rifle) was a flintlock rifle used by the Rifle regiments of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars. It was the first standard-issue, British-made rifle accepted by the British armed forces. The Baker Rifle was first produced in 1800 by Ezekiel Baker, a master gunsmith from Whitechapel. The British Army was still issuing the Infantry Rifle in the 1830s. During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker was reported to be effective at long range due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. In spite of its advantages, the rifle did not replace the standard British musket of the day, the Brown Bess, but was issued officially only to rifle regiments. In practice, however, many regiments, such as the 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers), and others, acquired rifles for use by some in their light companies during the time of the Peninsular War. These units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the French also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, the highly trained British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping at officers and NCOs. The rifle was used by what were considered elite units, such as the 5th battalion and rifle companies of the 6th and 7th Battalions of the 60th Regiment of Foot, deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment of Foot that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War, the War of 1812 (3rd Batt./95th (Rifles), at Battle of New Orleans), and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. The two light infantry Battalions of the King's German Legion as well as sharpshooter platoons within the Light Companies of the KGL Line Bns also used the Baker. The rifle was also supplied to or privately purchased by numerous volunteer and militia units; these examples often differ from the regular issue pattern. Some variants were used by cavalry, including the 10th Hussars. The Baker was also used in Canada in the War of 1812. It is recorded that the British Army still issued Baker rifles in 1841, three years after its production had ceased. The rifle was used in several countries during the first half of the 19th century; indeed, Mexican forces at the Battle of the Alamo are known to have been carrying Baker rifles, as well as Brown Bess muskets. In its first century and half, the EIC used a few hundred soldiers as guards. The great expansion came after 1750, when it had 3000 regular troops. By 1763, it had 26,000; by 1778, it had 67,000. It recruited largely Indian troops, and trained them along European lines, with British Army officers and former British Army NCOs. Overall nice condition for age. Spring a/f.
A King George IIIrd English Flintlock Pistol by Twigg of London A Good Boxlock Flintlock Derringer Pistol Circa 1800 With walnut grips and all steel frame and barrel. This is a nice flintlock pistol made by Gunmaker John Twigg (1740-1790) of London. One of the finest English makers of his era, Twigg was known for his quality and attention to details. Given its style and "Twigg" on the lockplate, this appears to be one some of his later work from the 1780's. After his death in 1790, several of his apprentices later became well-known makers including John Manton. A sound and highly effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the Georgian era for both gentlemen or officers. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The earliest London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's current rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland].
A King George IIIrd Root Wood Cudgel Or Sheighleyle A shillelagh is a wooden walking stick and club or cudgel, typically made from a stout knotty stick with a large knob at the top, that is associated with Ireland and Irish folklore. Most also have a heavy knob for a handle which can be used for striking as well as parrying and disarming an opponent. Many shillelaghs also have a strap attached (hence the Irish name), similar to commercially made walking sticks, to place around the holder's wrist. The name, an Anglophone corruption of the Irish sail éille, appears to have become convolved with that of the village and barony in County Wicklow. The shillelagh was originally used for settling disputes in a gentlemanly manner—like pistols in colonial America, or the katana in Japan. Modern practitioners of bataireacht study the use of the shillelagh for self defense and as a martial art.Methods of shillelagh fighting have evolved over a period of thousands of years, from the spear, staff, axe and sword fighting of the Irish. There is some evidence which suggests that the use of Irish stick weapons may have evolved in a progression from a reliance on long spears and wattles, to shorter spears and wattles, to the shillelagh, alpeen, blackthorn (walking-stick) and short cudgel. By the 19th century Irish shillelagh-fighting had evolved into a practice which involved the use of three basic types of weapons, sticks which were long, medium or short in length
A King George IInd Silver 6d Made From Captured Spanish Silver from Peru Dated 1746. A 'Lima'-hallmarked sixpence, which was coined from silver seized at sea by Commodore [later Admiral] Anson on his global voyage in search of Spanish treasure. It's a great sea story, told many times in many sources, and fictionalized by Patrick O'Brian in the novel called "The Golden Ocean." The specie taken by Anson had been mined at the rich silver town of Lima, Peru, and was enroute to Spain when it was captured by the British and shipped to Portsmouth, where a great enclave of Englishmen met it and the returned navalmen. The silver specie was minted into sixpence, shillings, halfcrowns and crowns; the small amount of gold, into half-guineas, guineas and five-guineas. Most of the coins were readily spent during the era; few of any denomination survive today. This sixpence is particulary interesting in that it has been overstuck with a hallmark and a number 7. The silver was 'liberated' by Commodore Anson during his voyage around the world to capture Spanish booty from the treasure ships leaving South America. His early years of the voyage were riddled with strife and disaster, losing much of his six warship fleet, however, the indomitable perseverance he had shown during one of the most arduous voyages in the history of sea adventure gained the reward of the capture of an immensely rich prize, The Spanish, Manila Galleon, Nuestra Señora de Covadonga, possessing 1,313,843 pieces of eight, which he encountered off Cape Espiritu Santo on 20 June 1743. Anson took his prize back to Macau, sold her cargo to the Chinese, and sailed for England, which he reached via the Cape of Good Hope on 15 June 1744. The prize money earned by the capture of the galleon had made him a rich man for life, and it enabled his heirs to rebuild Shugborough Hall, the family estate. Anson's chaplain, Richard Walter, recorded the circumnavigation, which he included in A Voyage Round the World published in 1748. It is, "written in brief, perspicuous terms", wrote Thomas Carlyle in his History of Friedrich II, "a real poem in its kind, or romance all fact; one of the pleasantest little books in the world's library at this time". Anson's success is all the more remarkable when it is understood that although the Admiralty gave him six ships, it availed him no crew, which he had to endeavour to find himself. As a last resort he crewed his ships with 'Invalides' from the Chelsea Hospital. Men regarded as too old to fight, or too infirm or disabled. In fact, before sailing, over half his crew were brought aboard on stretchers. When the prize from his voyage was appraised, Anson took three-eighths of the prize money available for distribution from the Covadonga which by one estimate came to £91,000 [around £60,000,000 in today's equivalent ] compared with the £719 [around £450,000 today] he earned as captain during the 3 year 9 month voyage. By contrast, a seaman would have received perhaps only £300 bounty [£250,000 today], although even that amounted to 20 years' wages in those days. In May 1747, he commanded the fleet that defeated the French Admiral de la Jonquière at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre, capturing four ships of the line, two frigates and seven merchantmen. In consequence, Anson became very popular, and was promoted to Vice Admiral and elevated to the peerage as Lord Anson, Baron of Soberton, in the County of Southampton
A King George IVth Police Constable's Truncheon Painted with the King's cypher and crown. A fair amount of paint wear but still a nice example. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King George IVth Police Tipstaff With areas of painted finish lacking. Traditional of uppermost cylindrical form with a turned grip. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King William IVth 1830 Police Special Constable's Truncheon Decorated body with remains of crown WR and Special Constable . Made by Parker of Holborn. A fair amount of surface wear, but a very honest early piece by the best maker.
A Knights Rowel Spur of the 16th Century With Buckle From the era of the War of The Holy League. An alliance between King Henry VIII, Pope Julius II, Venice and Ferdinand of Spain against the feared force of France and Germany under the brilliant command of the 21 year old Gaston de Foix. The Papal alliance suffered very badly against the young General but they eventually defeated and killed him at the Ronco River during the siege of Ravenna. After his death the French forces were crushed at Novara by the Swiss, the German Landsknechts fled their French army comrades and the English marched into France from Calais, and it was only due to the indecisiveness of the alliance forces that France was eventually saved immediately before the war was over.
A Koto Aikuchi Tanto 500 to 600 Years Old With Clan Mon. With deeply ridge red lacquer saya horn fittings and menuki forming it's mekugi decorated with pure gold clan Gosan kirimon of powlonia. The blade is very attractive and around 500 to 600 years old. It's kodzuka is most rare, in that it's hilt is a representation of a formed samurai sword's tang with it's signature with the large chrysanthemum mon. This is a rare and very desireable type of kodzuka. The tanto is commonly referred to as a knife or dagger. The blade can be single or double edged with a length between 15 and 30 cm (6-12 inches, in Japanese 1 shaku). The tanto was designed primarily as a stabbing weapon, but the edge can be used for slashing as well. Tanto are generally forged in hira-zukuri style (without ridgeline), meaning that their sides have no ridge line and are nearly flat, unlike the shinogi-zukuri structure of a katana. Some tanto have particularly thick cross-sections for armour-piercing duty, and are called yoroi toshi. The blade is beautiful and remarkable for it's great age.
A Koto Chisa Katana With A Beautiful O-Sukashi Tsuba and Shibuishi Mounts Circa 1590. This is a truly delightful quality sword with beautiful mounts finely decorated in pure gold. The tsuba represents the clan mon [crest] of it's samurai owner. The blade is in full Edo polish with a most attractive undulating gunome hamon. The mounts are early late Koto to Edo period shibuishi, the kashira is iron, decorated with a relief chisselled sage wearing a gold inlaid kimono. The fushi is also on an iron ground, and decorated in pure gold, onlaid on to the iron, and is a relief decorated prunus tree. The Koto period tsuba is an o-sukashi mon design. The surface of the blade has just a few combat scratches mainly to one side. The hilt has been expertly rebound in imported black Japanese silk Ito and the saya traditionally relacquered in black. The Chisa Katana is a slightly shorter Katana highly suitable for two handed, or two sword combat, or, combat within enclosed areas such as castles or buildings. As such they were often the sword of choice for the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo, and generally the only warriors permitted to be armed in his presence. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. Daimyo were the most powerful feudal rulers from the 10th century to the 19th century in Japan. The term "daimyo" literally means "great name." From the shugo of the Muromachi period through the sengoku to the daimyo of the Edo period, the rank had a long and varied history. The term "Daimyo" is also sometimes used to refer to the leading figures of such clans, also called "lord". It was usually, though not exclusively, from these warlords that a shogun arose or a regent was chosen It has a long 10.5 inch tsuka and a 22 inch blade tsuba to tip overall length in scabbard 38.5 inches.
A Koto Era Samurai Katana Sword Guard Tsuba, Circa 1500 In iron with inlaid clan mon in brass, depicting many swastika symbols. An most interesting and ancient piece of Samurai history. Although today, we look at brass as an inexpensive and common metal. In ancient times, brass was highly prized until the technology of mass-producing it was invented. The yellow colour of brass resembles gold but brass is much harder and more durable. Before its use on tsuba, brass was often used to make Buddhist altar ornaments and religious objects. at the time of its creation, brass was considered more precious than gold. The tsuba is the hand guard of a Japanese sword. It served several purposes. The tsuba balanced the sword. And it protected the hand of the sword holder from an attack by an enemy as well as from gliding into the sword blade. The third purpose was a more refined one. The Japanese tsuba developed into a kind of a status symbol for the sword owner.
A Koto Late Kamakura 1192-1391 Nambokochu Period Nagamaki Naoshi A simply fabulous and ancient blade, around 700 years old. Blade only, to be set in a shira saya display mount, but perfect for complete refitting as a traditional samurai sword, with original antique fittings, once more. An original, early, Nagamaki/Naganata long polearm blade shortened in a later century to mount as a traditional samurai katana. Nagamaki were weapons favoured by the Buddhist warrior monks that would have used these pole arms in service to protect and guard the Temples and surrounding land, which were under constant pressure by neighbouring warring clans attempting to jockey for power and expansion. To this end the sword smiths supplying weapons to this warrior class would have been very mindful to Buddhist beliefs of remaining unattached to material possessions, which explains why many of these weapons were never signed
A Koto Period 900-1500AD Tanto Dagger Tsuba In iron with silver inlaid boar's eye decoration. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Large And Hugely Impressive Antique Chief's Spearhead Extraordinary large size leaf shaped spear head in forged iron with central rib, likely a lance head for the tribal chief or king to carry as his badge of rank. 17.5 inches long o/a, 4.75 inches wide, weighs just over 1.5 pounds. Likely from the Gogo, Nyaturu, Irangi North at the Southeast side of Lake Victoria from the Sukuma and Washashi. The GoGo , a fierce, warlike tribe that Stanley passed on his way to Ujiji, looking for Livingstone .
A Large Edo Period Iron Plate Mokko Tsuba With Chiselled Willow Tree Beautifully chisseled. For a sizeable katana. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other.
A Large, Rare, Duraluminum Zeppelin Bowl It is a large bowl that might have been used for holding fruit or other such items. It is made from Duraluminum, a very expensive and seldom-used metal, except for the construction of zeppelins. Often when a zeppelin crashed in the early days, the framework was recycled and used to sell items such as this to the very patriotic German people. This bowl measures 9.25" x 11." It sports a likeness of Graf von Zeppelin and an early zeppelin in the sky. We have seen cups and bowls of this nature before, but this is the largest one we have ever seen.
A Late 18th Century Arabian Pirate's Long Miquelet Pistol A pistol with a most distinctive miquelet lock, most highly prized by the Barbary Corsairs. A pistol with most flamboyant yet naïve brass fittings and steel lock, and a good strong tight action. A most effective pistol that once discharged made an excellent club for knocking an opponant insensible [if he was lucky]. The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, but they primarily operated in the western Mediterranean. In addition to seizing ships, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns and villages, mainly in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal, but also in Great Britain and Ireland, the Netherlands and as far away as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Muslim market in North Africa and the Middle East. While such raids had occurred since soon after the Muslim conquest of the region, the terms Barbary pirates and Barbary corsairs are normally applied to the raiders active from the 16th century onwards, when the frequency and range of the slavers' attacks increased and Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli came under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, either as directly administered provinces or as autonomous dependencies known as the Barbary States. Similar raids were undertaken from Salé and other ports in Morocco, but strictly speaking Morocco, which never came under Ottoman dominance, was not one of the Barbary States. Corsairs captured thousands of ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants, discouraging settlement until the 19th century. From the 16th to 19th century, corsairs captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves. Some corsairs were European outcasts and converts such as John Ward and Zymen Danseker. Hayreddin Barbarossa and Oruç Reis, the Barbarossa brothers, who took control of Algiers on behalf of the Ottomans in the early 16th century, were also famous corsairs. The European pirates brought state-of-the-art sailing and shipbuilding techniques to the Barbary Coast around 1600, which enabled the corsairs to extend their activities into the Atlantic Ocean, and the impact of Barbary raids peaked in the early to mid-17th century. The scope of corsair activity began to diminish in the latter part of the 17th century, as the more powerful European navies started to compel the Barbary States to make peace and cease attacking their shipping. However, the ships and coasts of Christian states without such effective protection continued to suffer until the early 19th century. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1814-5 European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary corsairs entirely and the threat was largely subdued, although occasional incidents continued until finally terminated by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830. The pistol has an old crack in the butt.
A Late 18th Century Infantry Officer's Hangar From The 1780's Good steel hilt in the spadroon form, with a carved fluted ebony hilt and curved fullered blade. A good original King George IIIrd period officer's sword, from the late American War of Independence period.
A Late 19th Century Victorian Stiletto 'Lock' Knife. Probably Italian or Sicilian. Steel blade with horn mounted nickle hilt and a locking action [press to unlock]. A stiletto is a knife or dagger with a long slender blade and needle-like point, primarily intended as a stabbing weapon. The stiletto blade's narrow cross-section and acuminated tip reduces friction upon entry, allowing the blade to penetrate deeply. Some consider the stiletto a form of dagger, but most stilettos are specialized thrusting weapons not designed for cutting or slashing, even with edged examples. Over time, the term stiletto has been used as a general descriptive term for a variety of knife blades exhibiting a narrow blade with minimal cutting surfaces and a needle-like point, such as the U.S. V-42 stiletto, while in American English usage, the name stiletto can also refer to a switchblade knife with a stiletto- or bayonet-type blade design. The stiletto was later adopted throughout Italy as the favored offensive thrusting knife (arma manesca) of the medieval assassin, so much so that it was invariably prohibited as a treacherous weapon (arma insidiosa) by the authorities of the day. The stiletto was preferred by assassins as it was silent, easily concealed inside a sleeve or jacket, and featured a blade capable of easily penetrating the heavy leather and fabric clothing of the day, while inflicting mortal wounds that tended to bleed less than those made by other types of knives. In Italy, the stiletto began to be employed along with the dagger as a fighting weapon; a 1536 duelling treatise authored by Achille Marozzo, Opera Nova, contains sections on dagger and stiletto fighting. By the time of the Renaissance the term stiletto had come to describe a range of slender thrusting knives closely resembling the French poignard, many with conventional dagger-profile blades and sharpened edges, but always retaining the slim profile and needle-like point. To lighten the weapon, many stilettos were equipped with blades carrying fullers over a portion of their length. The stiletto remained a popular weapon of criminals or political assassins from the 16th through the end of the 19th century, particularly in France, Corsica, and Italy. While still used as a weapon of surprise and assassination, the use of stiletto in preference to the dagger in close combat confrontations between adversaries became widespread throughout Italy, Sardinia, and Corsica. The continued popularity of the stiletto in the Kingdom of Sicily resulted in the development of the scherma di stiletto siciliano (Sicilian school of stiletto fighting). A person skilled in the use of a stiletto would thrust the knife deep into the victim, then twist the blade sharply in various directions before retracting it, causing the sharp point to inflict severe internal damage not readily apparent when examining the entrance wound. The stiletto followed the first wave of Italian immigration to the city of New Orleans, Louisiana during the mid-19th century, where the knife became a popular weapon of gamblers, gang members, and assorted assassins. The stiletto was involved in so many stabbings and murders in New Orleans that the city passed an ordinance in 1879 outlawing the sale or exhibition for sale of any stiletto within the city limits. Italian immigrants to America frequently purchased or made such knives for self-defense, and the stiletto was used by anarchists as well as by members of various Black Hand (a method of extortion) organizations to assassinate Italian-Americans and others who either opposed the Black Hand or ignored its demands for blackmail. The Black Hand even established schools for training its members in the use of the stiletto.. Although this collectors knife has the appearance of the similar switchblade or flick knife this is a locking version hand opening stiletto, not a spring loaded flick knife, and thus not illegal to own as a collector, unlike the flick knife that is indeed illegal to own in the UK. Not for sale to under 18's. 8.5 inches long open.
A Late Victorian Model Desk Cannon Cast Bronze Cannon Barrel set on an oak Ship's Deck Carriage. A beautiful and most attractive gentleman's desk ornament. 9 inch barrel 11,5 inches overall. Brass wheels [1 missing]. A simple and small item to replace with the most basic of engineering skills required.
A Long Service Good Conduct Naval Group of Four WW1 L.Britnell SHPT.2 RN HMS Magnolia. ACACIA class Fleet Sweeping Sloops, 24 ships, 2 lost - 1,200t, 16 knots, 2-12pdr/2-3pdr, 90 crew, 1915. Used for minesweeping until 1917, then as convoy escorts
A Lovely Set of Antique US Cavalry Saddle Bags With large US stamped flaps. Quite a few of service repairs, but fabulously evocative of the old US Cavalry of history.
A Magnificent 1790's Admirals 'Blue & Gilt' Sword With Mint Mercurial Gilt. Pierced ovoid guard, multi twist copper wire bound grip, ovoid pommel and curb link knuckle guard chain. All parts of the hilt are beautifully leaf and line engraved throughout and it's original mercurial gilding is almost 100% intact and complete. The double edged rapier type blade is blue and gilt engraved and decorated for nigh on 50% of it's length. What an absolute and thorough beauty, a worthy candidate for the British Royal Collection. A sword of this quality, and in such mint condition for it's age, could simply not be bettered or upgraded. A near identical sword is represented in a portrait within the National Maritime Museum collection of Admiral Sir Peter Parker 1799, by Lemuel Francis Abbott. We show his near identical sword in our photo gallery. It was only around 1800 when Royal Naval officers began wearing swords with engraved naval devices, such as the fouled anchor, before then very few examples of swords with such maritime symbols exist. In the 17th and 18th century it was the norm to wear swords with no such decoration at all, only fine quality swords that were representations of the officer's status and rank. The rank evolved from sailing days and the admiral distinctions then used by the Royal Navy when the fleet was divided into three divisions – red, white, or blue. Each division was assigned an admiral, who in turn commanded a vice-admiral and a rear admiral. In the 18th century, the original nine ranks began to be filled by more than one person at any one time. The admiral of the red was pre-eminent and became known as the admiral of the fleet. In the 18th century, the original nine ranks began to be filled by more than one man per rank, although the rank of admiral of the red was always filled by only one man. The number of officers holding each rank steadily increased throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries; in 1769 there were 29 admirals of various grades, by the close of the Napoleonic Wars in 1816 there were 190 admirals in service. Thereafter the number of admirals was reduced and in 1853 there were 79 admirals. No scabbard
A Magnificent Dragon Katana Circa 1490, Over 500 Years Old Completely fitted and designed around the dragon symbology. It has an exceptional double hi [grooved] blade in a most beautiful polish and displaying a wonderful hamon. It is mounted in a simply beautiful, deeply ribbed, original Edo period saya with its kogai pocket holding a gold inlaid patinated kogai [hair arranger] decorated with a very fine samurai saddle. A stunning sword that has mountings and bindings that have remained untouched since it left Japan in the 1870's. All original Edo koshirae [fittings signed by master koshirae maker Mitsuhira], including the saya and it's superb tsuba. The blade is signed Masa ** Saku and it's koshirae are formed as simply stunning gold and patinated deeply chisseled shibuishi dragon mounts. Shibuichi is a Japanese exclusive quality alloy which can be patinated into a range of subtle muted shades of blue or green, through the use of rokusho treatments. Its name means "one-fourth" in Japanese and indicates the standard formulation of one part silver to three parts copper, though this may be varied according to the desired effect. A 5% silver / 95% copper alloy is also marketed as "shibuichi". A wide range of colours can be achieved using the whole range of alloy compositions, even above 50% silver. 90% Copper and 10% Silver for a dark grey and down to 70% Copper and 30% Silver for lighter greys. It is a common misconception that both copper and silver oxides form, but in fact a detailed study has shown that only copper oxides are formed on the copper rich regions of the material's microstructure, while the silver rich regions are left largely untouched Of all the weapons that man has developed since our earliest days, few evoke such fascination as the samurai sword of Japan. To many of us in the, the movie image of the samurai in his fantastic armour, galloping into battle on his horse, his colourful personal flag, or sashimono, whipping in the wind on his back, has become the very symbol of Japan, the Empire of the Rising Sun. And, truly, to the samurai of real life, nothing embodied his warrior’s code of Bushido more than his sword, considered inseparable from his soul. Indeed, a sword was considered such a crucial part of a samurai’s life that when a young samurai was about to be born, a sword was brought into the bedchamber during the delivery. When the time came for an old samurai to die — and cross over into the ‘White Jade Pavilion of the Afterlife’ — his honoured sword was placed by his side. Even after death, a daimyo, or nobleman, believed he could count on his samurai who had followed him into the next world to use their keen blades to guard him against any demons, just as they had wielded their trusty weapons to defend him against flesh-and-blood enemies in this life. In a samurai family the swords were so revered that they were passed down from generation to generation, from father to son. If the hilt or scabbard wore out or broke, new ones would be fashioned for the all-important blade. The hilt, the tsuba (hand guard), and the scabbard themselves were often great art objects, with fittings sometimes of gold or silver. The hilt and scabbard were created from the finest hand crafted materials by the greatest artisans that have ever lived. Often, too, they ‘told’ a story from Japanese myths. Magnificent specimens of Japanese swords can be seen today in the Tokugawa Art Museum’s collection in Nagoya, Japan.
A Magnificent Rifled Rampart Fort Gun 'Amusette' of the EIC Co. Dated EIC lock dated 1806 and a further re-issue date of 1814 on the tail. A huge monster of a rifle that has incredible presence. Walnut stock, armourers marked rifle barrel 0.8 inch bore, protected elevating site. On February 4, 1776, Fielding Lewis, Commissioner of the Fredericksburg Manufactory, wrote to his brother-in-law, George Washington: "I propose making a Rifle next week to carry a quarter of a pound ball. If it answers my expectation, a few of them will keep off ships of war for out narrow rivers, and be useful in the beginning of an engagement by land. …" Although wall guns were little used during the Revolutionary War, their effectiveness was attested by General Charles Lee, who wrote from Williamsburg in 1776: "I am likewise furnishing myself with four-ounced rifle-amusettes, which will carry an infernal distance; the two-ounced hit a half sheet of paper 500 yards distance." amusettes were usually fitted with a steel swivel on the underside midway down the barrel. This allowed the weapon to be mounted atop a wall, on the rail of a ship or even the bow of a rowboat and then pivoted. Some were even fixed to wheeled trunnions and could be rolled into action like a light small bore cannon. The East India Co. was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British officers and gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until it's dissolution in 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world, both Hong Kong and Singapore, and it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg. One of it's officers Elihu Yale, of Boston Mass., was Governor of Madras for the EIC, and whose contribution to assist the founding of an American University, that amounted to an incredible [at the time] 560 pounds sterling, gained him the honour of Yale University named in his honour. To get an impression of it's size, the Company was, in it heyday, larger and more significant than say Microsoft, British Petroleum, General Motors, Coca Cola, Ford Motor and probably the next 20 largest companies in the world combined. Stock bears an original field service repair at the wrist. We show another most similar example on current display on a wheeled trunnion in an early Spanish fort museum in Florida. Overall length 52.5 inches, stock 3 inches deep, height of butt, 5.25 inches, very heavy approx 35 pounds weight. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Ship's Captain's Blunderbuss Pistol With Spring Bayonet Made by Richards of London Circa 1795. They were well recorded finest English gunmakers, and documented makers of [Captain's] 'Blunderbuss Pistoles with Cannone barrels, and some wythe Bayonettes'. This wonderful and delightfully large bore cannon barrel pistol has a brass barrel with an eager sprung bayonet, with spring release from the trigger guard, a slab sided walnut grip and a bronze frame superbly and finely engraved with stands of arms and the maker's name and London, side mounted horn tipped ramrod. Shown dark in the photos [to avoid flash flare] but it has a fabulous crisp bright colour. Ship's Captains found such impressive guns so desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for imtimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned. However, this gun also has the rarely seen feature of a spring loaded bayonet, that could double it's effectiveness by threat or action. Please be aware this pistol, may, from the photographs, appear to look the same size as a standard boxlock pocket pistol of that era, but, it is much larger, of 'Manstopper bore' and weighing around 1 kilo. 17.5 inches long with bayonet extended. Bayonet spring with great tension works beautifully. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Silver And Coral Inlaid 18th Century Flintlock Pistol Ali Pasha style, used by the military generals and princes and naval corsair pirate captains. Made in the region of the Mediterranean and Adriatic Seas and absolute stunning and extravagant flintlock pistol. The heavy butt-plates could have been used as maces once the ball has been fired. Ali Pasha wanted to establish in the Mediterranean a sea-power which should be a counterpart of that of the Dey of Algiers, Ahmed ben Ali. In order to gain a seaport on the Albanian coast that was dominated by Venice, Ali Pasha formed an alliance with Napoleon I of France, who had established François Pouqueville as his general consul in Ioannina, with the complete consent of the Ottoman Sultan Selim III. After the Treaty of Tilsit, where Napoleon granted the Czar his plan to dismantle the Ottoman Empire, Ali Pasha switched sides and allied with Britain in 1807; a detailed account of his alliance with the British was written by Sir Richard Church. His actions were permitted by the Ottoman government in Constantinople. Ali Pasha was very cautious and unappeased by the emergence of the new Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II in the year 1808. Lord Byron visited Ali's court in Ioánnina in 1809 and recorded the encounter in his work Childe Harold. He evidently had mixed feelings about the despot, noting the splendour of Ali Pasha's court and the Greek cultural revival that he had encouraged in Ioánnina, which Byron described as being "superior in wealth, refinement and learning" to any other Greek town. In a letter to his mother, however, Byron deplored Ali's cruelty: "His Highness is a remorseless tyrant, guilty of the most horrible cruelties, very brave, so good a general that they call him the Mahometan Buonaparte … but as barbarous as he is successful, roasting rebels, etc., etc.."
A Magnificent Victorian Merryweather Stately Home Fire Service Helmet This helmet is an absolute beauty and one of the best preserved we have seen in many, many, years. Although the liner has faired somewhat poorly over time. Made for a great estate, somewhat similar to the world renown Downton Abbey [that of course is an estate of fiction] but that great house and it's estate are still very much real. It has a superb stately home badge for the Pylwell Park Fire Brigade. These fire helmets created for the landed gentry great estates of England are now very rare and highly collectable. There may have only been half a dozen ever made for this brigade, and the old estate fire brigades very much a thing of the long distant past.
A Magnificent Wakazashi Eda-Kiku Crest Omi-no-kami Minamoto Hisamichi. As beautiful a sword as you would see in any of the great museums of the world. Imperial white silk tsuka-ito [wrap] over menuki on fine samegawa [giant rayskin]. Simply amazing pure gold and copper fushi kashira decorated with carved takebori carp in crashing waves, and a gold and copper utility knife. The amazing blade is Shinto period, 18th century. A very fine squared Koto tsuba in iron and brass inlays with brass mimi. The Kikumon is the chrysanthemum emblem. The Imperial Kiku mon with branches was an Imperial symbol awarded as a title of superior status, and awarded to both Hisamichi III and Hisamichi II which meant they were permitted to add it on the nakago of their blades. We believe this blade is by Hisamichi II. Hisamichi, in Kyoto (Yamashiro) had accepted an invitation from Shogun [8th] Tokugawa Yoshimune, and visited Edo to re-produce the masterpiece [Konotegashiwa sword] in Mihama Palace. He also made a masterpiece [Wakasa-Masamune] exclusively for Shogun Yoshimune Hisamichi II received his title on December 7th 1702 and was ordered by the Shogun to move to Edo in 1722. Active 1688 thru 1711 AD. The characteristics of his work include Gunome-choji Hamon with long ashi, kinsugi, nie, deep nioi and with Mishina boshi. His work styles are similar to that of the first generation.
A Mandinke Empire Prestigous Warrior's Sword From The Era Of Samori Ture A superb example of a Samori Toure's Mandinke [Wassoulou] Empire senior warrior's sword brought back from a French military campaign in the early 1890's. Made around the early 1870's. With superb tooled leather hilt and matching scabbard with paddle like form. These weapons are well known for their leather-work and the tattooing applied to the leather of the scabbards. Very good quality imported French blade. In 1851 Samori Toure, a merchant from the upper Niger basin, deserted his trade and for the next twenty years lived as a war chief in the service of several African leaders. In the 1870s, he struck out on his own, to create an empire that stretched from the right bank of the Niger, south to Sierra Leone and Liberia. Islam gave Samori's empire a veneer of ideological unity. But the real solidity of Samori's dominion resided in his formidable military organization. His territories were divided into ten provinces, eight of which raised an army corps of 4--5,000 professional sofas or warriors, supplemented by agricultural work the other six months. Samori’s army was powerful, disciplined, professional, and trained in modern day warfare. They were equipped with European guns. The army was divided into two flanks, the infantry or sofa, with 30,000 to 35,000 men, and the cavalry or sere of 3,000 men. Each wind was further subdivided into permanent units, fostering camaraderie among members and loyalty to both the local leaders and Samori himself. Samori Touré created the Mandinka empire (the Wassoulou empire) between 1852 and 1882. His empire extended to the east as far as Sikasso (present-day Mali), to the west up to the Fouta Djallon empire (middle of modern day Guinea), to the north from Kankan to Bamako (in Mali); to the south, down to the borders of present-day Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. His capital was Bisandugu, in present day Gambia. "Samori managed to unify an empire that survived for almost two decades against repeated French advances. After a particularly bloody skirmish with Samori's sofas in the Diamanko marshes in January 1892, Colonel Gustave Humbert conceded that Samori's troops 'fight exactly like Europeans, with less discipline perhaps, but with much greater determination. Among the Manding and related peoples of the western Sudan the most prestigious swords, owned only by men of some standing, have a slightly curved single-edged blade, often of French manufacture, set in a hilt without hand guard or quillons. Perhaps the most remarkable feature of these swords is their scabbards of exquisitely decorated leather broadening into a leaf-shaped point" In 1882, at the height of the Mandinka empire, the French accused Samori Touré of refusing to comply to their order to withdraw from an important market center, Kenyeran (his army had blockaded the market). They thus started war on him. This was an excuse to start war! From 1882 to 1885, Samori fought the French and had to sign various treaties in 1886 and then 1887. In 1888, he took up arms again when the French allegedly attempted to foster rebellion within his empire. He defeated the French colonial army several times between 1885 and 1889. After several confrontations, he concluded further treaties with the French in 1889. In March 1891, a French force under Colonel Louis Archinard launched a direct attack on Kankan. Knowing his fortifications could not stop French artillery, Ture began a war of maneuver. Despite victories against isolated French columns (for example at Dabadugu in September 1891), Ture failed to push the French from the core of his kingdom. In June 1892, Col. Archinard's replacement, Humbert, leading a small, well-supplied force of picked men, captured Ture's capital of Bissandugu. In another blow, the British had stopped selling breech loaders to Ture in accordance with the Brussels Convention of 1890. Ture shifted his base of operations eastward, toward the Bandama and Comoe River. He instituted a scorched earth policy, devastating each area before he evacuated it. Though this maneuver cut Ture off from Sierra Leone and Liberia, his last sources of modern weapons, it also delayed French pursuit.[4] The fall of other resistance armies, particularly Babemba Traoré at Sikasso, permitted the French colonial army to launch a concentrated assault against Touré. He was captured 29 September 1898 by the French captain Henri Gouraud and was exiled to Gabon. Ture died in captivity on June 2, 1900, following a bout of pneumonia. His tomb is at the Camayanne Mausoleum, within the gardens of Conakry Grand Mosque.
A Marlin 1870's 'Wild West' Revolver. John M. Marlin was born in Connecticut in 1836, and served his apprenticeship as a tool and die maker. During the Civil War, he worked at the Colt plant in Hartford, and in 1870 hung out his sign on State Street, New Haven, to start manufacturing his own line of revolvers and derringers. This is a beautiful example of an early Marlin Model 1872 Pocket Revolver known as the XXX Standard. Standard 3 1/8" round barrel with S&W style tip-up action. 5 shot cylinder in caliber .30 Rimfire. With cylinder flutes..made in 1873. Nickle plated barrel is marked "XXX STANDARD 1872" on top of the rib with left side of the barrel marked "JM Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873"..30 rim fire caliber, 5 shot revolver spur trigger, tip-up reloading action. Manufactured from 1873 to 1876, and production was only approximately 10,000. This revolver is serial number 856. It made a great hideaway gun for a gambler, with the cartridge remover taken off for ease of positioning and sliding into a boot, and, most intrigueingly, it has an inset sideplate of a Victorian farthing [a 'quarter of a penny' coin]. Maybe a souvenir of a card game against an Englishman in the 1880's. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Massive Mortimer of London, Boxlock Pistol Of An Incredible .75 inch Bore Circa 1840. We cannot recall ever seeing a boxlock pistol of such a bore, weight and size, ever before. For a pistol of this type it is absolutely massive, as large a bore as a brown bess musket. The surface is overall russetted and the grip to one side has had an old contemporary repair. Mortimer is one of the greatest ever names in English guns, and this was likely a special one-off order for a customer than needed something immensely powerful, with the power of a hand cannon, yet easy to carry. It feels like a version of the specialised truncheon pistol, where it can be utilized as a most powerful deadly cosh after it has been discharged. We show in the gallery a photo of it alongside a standard, more normal boxlock, and that way one can see it's incredible mass by comparison. The foldaway trigger opens loosely by itself. As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Massive Original Antique Brookes and Crookes Bowie Knife A finest Sheffield Bowie US import. One of the great Sheffield Bowies, by one of the distinguished Gold Medal winning cutlers that were so famous and eargerly sought after in the burgeoning American West in the 19th century. All the best knives used at that time in the States were more often than not Sheffield imports, and the big bladed ones, such as this, the most expoensive and sought after. At the blades forte it bears the makers mark of Brookes and Crookes, and Sheffield. Very large double edged Bowie blade 10.75 inches long. With all it's original cross grain polish, some edge nicks and hand edge sharpening, original leather scabbard with belt loop. Brookes & Crookes was a knife and instrument maker partnership founded in around 1850 by John Brookes and Thomas Crookes. In Melville & Co's Commercial Directory of Sheffield 1859 the company appears as " manufacturers of spring-knives and dressing case instruments". The company was always a smaller operation when compared to one of the larger firms such as Joseph Rodgers, employing at most 200 workers compared to tens times that at Rodgers. But they produced quality products, with their renown name a "Badge of Excellence". In the Paris Exhibition of 1867 they were awarded the only Gold Medal as Cutlers In the Philadelphia Centennial of 1876 they were awarded the first class prize. And in the Paris Exhibition of 1878 they were awarded the gold medal. A writer in the Sheffield Weekly Independent for November 19th, 1887, having heard that the famous cutler Mr. 'Brookes of Sheffield' was living at 'Woodbourne,' says that he went there to call upon him. "I found that it was a large, handsomely-built house but with its former glories sadly dimmed by the soot and grime from the neighbouring colliery . . , After ringing twice, I was admitted by Mrs. Brookes, a kind-looking lady of fifty or sixty years of age, and in the comfortable dining room, seated in a large easy chair by the side of a brightly blazing fire, was Mr. Brookes, to whom I was introduced. Courteously he motioned me to be seated, and I then explained the nature of my errand. I said I had been informed that he was the original Brookes of Sheffield, to whom reference was made by Charles Dickens in 'David Copperfield.' 'That is so,' he replied, and at once asked Mrs. Brookes to bring him the author's copy which the great-novelist sent to him in 1851, with a statement on the fly leaf in Dickens' handwriting to the effect that it was presented to Brookes of Sheffield by Charles Dickens.". Although this blade has signs of use at it's edge and the hand sharpening, it is in remarkable condition and to have original polish crossgraining is pretty exceptional.
A Members Badge of the Magician's Club of London, of Houdini's Great Friend Both gilt and enamel from the 1920's, with blue water silk ribbon mount. Together with a Member of the Magic Circle Badge in gilt and enamel of Wilfred Allan, Douglas Dexter's principle pupil. The Magicians' Club of London was formed in 1911 by Harry Houdini along with others including Servais Le Roy, Chris Van Bern, Carl Stakemann, and Stanley Collins. It was a concept of Will Goldston who had taken umbrage with The Magic Circle (founded in 1905) and decided to start his own society. He wrote an article titled "The League of Magicians - A Suggestion by Will Goldston" in his Magician Annual for 1910-11. The first meeting was officially reported in Goldston's Magician Monthly. Houdini was elected president, the rest as Vice-Presidents with Stanley Collins as Secretary and Will Goldston as Treasurer. Nearly a hundred members were enrolled at the inaugural meeting on May 27, 1911. Houdini remained president until his death. After the death of Houdini in 1926, Will Goldston was unanimously elected to succeed him. He held this office for the next three years, relinquishing it to Louis Gautier in 1929, but continuing to serve as Treasurer The club seemed to have disbanded some time after Will Goldton passed away in 1948. In Goodliffe's Abracadabra magazine July 1949, inquiries were made regarding the Magicians' Club, London, since the death of Will Goldston asking if it had died a natural death along with its founder. As far as they were able to ascertain, it had. Wilfred Allan was the principle pupil of magician, and dear friend of co member Harry Houdini, Douglas Dexter. Douglas Dexter was once summoned to the Royal Palace for a personal Command Performance for the King, died in 1938 and Wilfred Allan died a year later in 1939.
A Mk IV Periscope An Interesting Piece of WW2 British Tank Equipment Marked the MK IV Periscope and dated 1945. Possibly the Vickers Mk IV Tank Scope, as used on the Churchill and the Sherman. Lenses a/f. Total length inc. handle 28 inches
A Most Attractive 18th-19th Century Dagger Silver, Horn and Ivory Décor This is an unusual dagger, most charming indeed, with some very nice quality features. The scabbard is un hallmarked solid silver and the hilt is carved horn with an ivory centre section and inlaid with silver. The pommel is silver, egg shaped with central abnd of horn. The blade has a most elegant shape with fine line engraving and a complimentary engraved overlaid brass ricasso. There is a near identical dagger in the British Museum collection. It is also described In "African Arms and Armour" by Christopher Spring with a most similar dagger is assigned to Reguibat Arabs of Southern Morocco. These daggers show the influence of the Hispano-Moorish civilisation which flourished in the Iberian peninsula and North Africa at the beginning of the second millenium AD. This influence is also reflected in local textile traditions. Reguibat fractions extended from Western Sahara into the northern half of Mauritania, the edges of southern Morocco and northern Mali, and large swaths of western Algeria (where they captured the town of Tindouf from the Tajakant tribe in 1895, and turned into an important Reguibat encampment). The Reguibat were known for their skill as warriors, as well as for an uncompromising tribal independence, and dominated large areas of the Sahara desert through both trade and use of arms. Reguibat Sahrawis were very prominent in the resistance to French and Spanish colonization in the 19th century This beautiful dagger is, overall 32cm long 19cm blade. Our thanks to Martin Lubojacký for information as to it's origins
A Most Attractive 19th Century Powder Flask Decorated With Game Embossed on both sides with roccoco moulding and panels of hanging game including, stags and large game birds. Brass spout with god spring action. All original lacquer present.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Sword Circa 1840. Boat Form Hilt Possibly either American or French. Inspired by the 18th century French guard officer's sword this is very similar to both the 1831 pattern American Infantry sword, or, the 1840 US militia pattern NCO's sword. The helmet pattern pommel was most popular in America at this time, and both the French Army and American State militias used it. Very nice order throughout, old metal band repair to leather scabbard midsection. Solingen, 'Weyersberg' King's head makers mark to blade forte. A recorded maker to both France and America both before and during the Civil War era
A Most Attractive 19th Century W. Ingrams Patent Musket Powder Flask Decorated with fine shell repousse work. Very nice condition, good spring. 7.75 inches long overall
A Most Attractive Ancient Koto Wakizashi Muramachi Period Circa 1450 With a fine O-sukashi Koto tsuba of four set out samurai war fans. Iron Edo period higo mounts of russetted iron, and most attractive gold silk wrap over gilt and patinated fan menuki. Original Edo black lacquer saya. The kodzuka has a copper hilt with a nanako ground and a squatting Oni demon facing another figure riding a dragon. Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century and this example is from that earliest period. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi
A Most Attractive and Beautiful Koto Era Wakizashi. With original Edo period saya of very fine quality painted with a flowering branch and an exotic bird. Namban sukashi tsuba. Copper habaki, copper fushi and carved horn kashira, bronze menuki. Fine blade with very nice hamon. Two hole mumei nakago. Circa 1550.Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", notes that there did not seem to be any particular need for the wakizashi and suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi [waist sash].
A Most Attractive and Intriguing Antique Ivory Mounted Kabyle Musket A nice quality 18th century long gun with an earlier lock, probably of a Berber tribesman or of the Kabyle people. The Kabyle Musket or moukalla (moukhala) was a type of musket widely used in North Africa, produced by many native tribes and nations. Two systems of gunlock prevailed in Kabyle guns, one, which derived from Dutch and English types of snaphance lock, usually with a thicker lockplate. Half cock was provided by a dog catch behind the cock. At full cock, the sear passing through the lockplate engaged the heel of the cock. The other mechanism was the so-called Arab toe-lock, a form of miquelet lock, closely allied to the agujeta lock (which required a back or dog catch for half cock) and the Italian romanlock. The term miquelet is used today to described a particular type of Snaplock. The miquelet lock, in all varieties, was common for several centuries in the countries surrounding the Mediterranean, particularly in Spain, Italy, the Balkans, and the Ottoman Empire domains including the coastal states of North Africa. The type of musket would be described as a Kabyle snaphance or a Kabyle miquelet. The calibre of musket ball fired was large in the .67 range. These guns were very long, this one is around 65 inches. The barrel alone is 50 inches in length, and bears British proof marks . The barrel is retained in the stock by 8 iron and brass, (capucines). The stock and trumpet-shaped butt is enhanced with a carved ivory butt. With a good Snaphaunce lock of 17th century form, fine detailed engraving around the stock, distinctive deep flattened butt, and the stock is inlaid with Ivory and an Ivory butt plate. 8 barrel cappucines. In Europe these most distinctive and elaborate Snaphaunce guns gained great favour in the Elizabethan era and their influence was greatly felt in Arabia, originally along the eastern trade routes, that were travelled and used by early Europeans in order to buy the finest eastern silks, gemstones & spices. They were continually used in the Middle East and the Maghrib long after they had become unfashionable in Europe. One of the most renown Berbers in history was Saint Augustine it is said of him "Of all the fathers of the church, St. Augustine was the most admired and the most influential during the Middle Ages ... Augustine was an outsider - a native North African whose family was not Roman but Berber ... He was a genius - an intellectual giant" Interestingly this gun would have been likely last used in the resistance battle against French colonial conquest of Algeria, and one of the most famous was a woman, a warrior leader called Lalla Fadhma n'Soumer (born Fadhma Nat Sid Hmed in Abi Youcef, Algeria c.1830) She was an important figure of the Algerian resistance movement during the first years of the French colonial conquest of Algeria. She was seen as the embodiment of the struggle. Lalla, the female equivalent of sidi, is an honorific reserved for women of high rank, or who are venerated as saints. Fadhma is the Berber/French spelling of the Arabic name Fatima, which is colloquially pronounced Fatma in most Arabic dialects as well as Berber. She is shown in the gallery posed with her Kabyle and pistol engaged in combat with French soldiers.
A Most Attractive Carved Bone Walking Stick of a Serpent and Globe Compass A ball held in the mouth of a monster sea serpent carved with a removable top, that reveals a card compass, printed Salem Semery [a well fitted new replacement]. The globe is engraved with points of the compass, sailing ships, whales and a man observing with his spy glass. The handle terminates with a multi wire bound turks head knot . Mallacca cane in good sound order. One very small retaining pin has been expertly replaced
A Most Attractive ERII Kings Troop Royal Horse Artillery Dolman Tunic Circa 1980's. After the Second World War, King George VI expressed the view that, following the mechanisation of the last batteries of horse-drawn artillery, a troop of horse artillery should be retained to take part in the great ceremonies of state. Accordingly the Riding Troop was reformed on 17 April 1946 at Shoeburyness as a six-gun Royal Horse Artillery battery for the Household Division. At the suggestion of Brigadier John Anquetil Norman, the King declared that the Riding Troop would be known as 'The King's Troop'. The King enacted his proclamation on 24 October 1947 by amending the page on the visitors' book by striking out the word "Riding" and inserting "King's". On her accession, Queen Elizabeth II declared that the name 'The King's Troop' would remain in honour of her father. On 6 September 1997, the coffin of Diana, Princess of Wales was carried on a gun carriage by members of the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery. The King’s Troop was for 65 years stationed at St John's Wood Barracks before it was relocated to Napier Lines at the traditional Royal Artillery Barracks at Woolwich in February 2012. Because of the greater distance from central London, the troop can no longer ride to many ceremonial events but horses will be transported by vehicle to nearer stables for appearances at Hyde Park, Buckingham Palace and elsewhere. Signs of use wear, lining most worn
A Most Attractive Koto Katana, Circa 1550, With Superb, Beautiful Mounts. The blade, after polishing, has revealed some rather intense areas of tempering in clouds, and one side of the kissaki is almost in full body temper, that is quite remarkable. Unusual indeed, and overall this is a very impressive, and a most interesting early blade. The mounts are old Higo school, inlaid with pure silver on russetted iron, with a stunning pair of gold silver and bronze menuki of a ken with a varjira [an ancient sword and lightening maker] wrapped with a dragon. The wrap is an old white wrap, although now aged to cream colour. The tsuba is iron, mid Koto period, with a design of the Rays of Buddha. Used some fifty years before and thus during the time of the Battle of Sekigahara, the great conflict that saw a revolutionary change in the entire culture of Japan and it's leadership by the victors, the Tokugawa. The Sengoku or "Warring States" period of Japanese history lasted from 1467 - 1615 AD. During this time warlords and their samurai armies waged civil war. In 1590 Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded in uniting Japan under his rule. After his death there was a power struggle between a coalition of Eastern clans led by Tokugawa Ieyasu and a Western coalition led by Ishida Mitsunari. Their final showdown occurred near the town of Sekigahara in 1600 AD. The armies were evenly matched. Mitsunari deployed his army to block the vital Nakasendo road, with Kobayakawa Hideaki's large clan in position to threaten the Eastern army's left flank. However Hideaki had secretly promised Ieyasu that he would switch sides once the battle started. The Eastern army launched a determined attack and made good progress. Slowly the Western army drove them back and began to counterattack. Mitsunari and Ieyasu both tried to convince Hideaki to intervene on their side. Finally he made his decision and charged down the hill right into the flank of the Western army. His betrayal was decisive, and the Western army was routed. In the years following the battle Ieyasu was able to consolidate his power and become the Shogun of Japan. The Tokugawa Shogunate would last last until 1868, a time marked by peace, a strict caste system, and isolation from the outside world. The mune has an area of shinae, some old bending and straightening stressing as one sometimes sees on old Koto blades, often not revealed until after numerous polishings. An old picture in the gallery of Tokugawa Ieyasu, with help from the Jodo monks of the Daijuji temple in Okizaki, defeats the Ikk?-ikki at the battle of Azukizaka, 1564. 40.5 inches long approx overall in saya
A Most Attractive Koto Period Japanese Chisa Katana Circa 1580. With very attractive and rare carved buffalo horn fushi kashira. Often just the kashira is buffalo horn but very rarely both. Koto iron plate tsuba with small figures. Typical thin sugaha hamon of the period. The sword was considered such a crucial part of a samurai’s life that when a young samurai was about to be born, a sword was brought into the bedchamber during the delivery. When the time came for an old samurai to die — and cross over into the ‘White Jade Pavilion of the Afterlife’ — his honoured sword was placed by his side. Even after death, a daimyo, or nobleman, believed he could count on his samurai who had followed him into the next world to use their keen blades to guard him against any demons, just as they had wielded their trusty weapons to defend him against flesh-and-blood enemies in this life. From the earliest recorded times, the exceptional quality of Japanese swords has made them prized and admired. The care and technical skill that went into the creation of a samurai sword made the finished product not only a noteworthy weapon of war but also a cherished work of art. When Japanese daimyos met, they would admire each other’s collection of fine swords. In 1586, when the great Japanese warlord Hideyoshi Toyotomi made peace with his archrival Ieyasu Tokugawa — making possible Toyotomi’s conquest of Japan — Toyotomi presented Tokugawa with a splendid sword to mark their newfound alliance. The sword was a work of rare beauty, accounts tell us, crafted by the inspired hands of the legendary Masamune, greatest of all Japanese swordsmiths. Masamune, ironically, rarely signed his work with his name, unlike his brother sword crafters. Ieyasu Tokugawa, meanwhile, became shogun, or military ruler, after Toyotomi’s death, founding a dynasty that would rule the country in relative peace for more than 250 years. However, internecine and clan rivalry kept the Japanese daimyo and their samurai engaging in relatively small yet dramatic conflicts during the entire Tokugawa period. This of course suited the shogun very well, the clans and their chiefs spending their time engaging in subterfuge, intrigues and political connivances against each other left the Tokugawa to rule unopposed. Overall 36.5 inches long in saya, blade tsuba to tip 21.5 inches long
A Most Attractive Koto Wakazashi With Original Edo Fittings A beautiful small sword with a most stunning midare hamon of superb irregular form. The saya has a most dramatic colourful lacquer pattern of deep red over a black ground. Patinated copper fushi kashira with gilded highlights. Copper Edo tsuba. Kodzuka with a relief pattern of fruit.
A Most Attractive Koto Wakizashi. With Superb Fittings, and Fine Tsuba A very nice samurai short sword circa 1500. Very fine Edo period koshirae [fittings], in gold and patinated two colour copper, decorated with takebori deep relief flowers, with a beautiful sentoku marubori tsuba in the form of a dragon, and a pair of bronze and gold tipped gumbai [war fan] menuki. It has a super little blade with a very attractive gunome hamon. The habaki is a superbly patinated example Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", notes that there did not seem to be any particular need for the wakizashi and suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi [waist sash]. 18.25 inch blade tsuba to tip .
A Most Attractive Kurdish 19th Century Jambiya. Carved wooden hit brass embossed and leather scabbard over wood. Double edged steel blade. Blade would polish nicely.
A Most Attractive Late 18th Century Holster Pistol. Chiseled Barrel Fine walnut stock, cast brass mounts and very finely engraved flintlock action. Late 18th century and used in the Napoleonic Wars era. Made in the Ottoman Empire with heavy Continental influences. Made for use on horseback and carried in a saddle holster. Typical simulated ramrod in bone or ivory.10.5 inch barrel 16.5 inches long overall
A Most Attractive Samurai Daisho, Koto Period, Circa 1550 With their original pair of iron, Shinto period, katabami mon sukashi tsuba. Both blades possess a most beautiful gunome hamon with deep curvature and bright polish. This daisho was beautifully restored and re-fitted within the past 15 years with ribbed brown lacquer sayas, matching tsuka-ito in rich brown silk, iron, higo style koshirae, including a matching pair of kodzuka and kogai, each with takebori shishi, and set within the pockets of the shoto's [short sword] saya. They both have matching, gilt, shishi [lion dog] menuki beneath the hilt binding. A samurai's daisho were his swords, as worn together, as stated in the Tokugawa edicts. In a samurai family the swords were so revered that they were passed down from generation to generation, from father to son. If the hilt or scabbard wore out or broke, new ones would be fashioned for the all-important blade. The hilt, the tsuba (hand guard), and the scabbard themselves were often great art objects, with fittings sometimes of gold or silver. Often, too, they ‘told’ a story from Japanese myths. Magnificent specimens of Japanese swords can be seen today in the Tokugawa Art Museum’s collection in Nagoya, Japan. In creating the sword, a sword craftsman, such as, say, Masumane, had to surmount a virtual technological impossibility. The blade had to be forged so that it would hold a very sharp edge and yet not break in the ferocity of a duel. To achieve these twin objectives, the sword maker, or cutler, was faced with a considerable metallurgical challenge. Steel that is hard enough to take a sharp edge is brittle. Conversely, steel that will not break is considered soft steel and will not take a keen edge. Japanese sword artisans solved that dilemma in an ingenious way. Four metal bars — a soft iron bar to guard against the blade breaking, two hard iron bars to prevent bending and a steel bar to take a sharp cutting edge — were all heated at a high temperature, then hammered together into a long, rectangular bar that would become the sword blade. When the swordsmith worked the blade to shape it, the steel took the beginnings of an edge, while the softer metal ensured the blade would not break. This intricate forging process was followed by numerous complex processes culminating in specialist polishing to reveal the blades hamon and to thus create the blade's sharp edge. Inazo Nitobe stated: ‘The swordsmith was not a mere artisan but an inspired artist and his workshop a sanctuary. Daily, he commenced his craft with prayer and purification, or, as the phrase was, ‘he committed his soul and spirit into the forging and tempering of the steel.” Celebrated sword masters in the golden age of the samurai, roughly from the 13th to the 17th centuries, were indeed valued as highly as European artists such as Raphael, Michelangelo or Leonardo da Vinci. Daito blade tsuba to tip 28.5 inches long, overall in saya 39.5 inches long, Shoto blade 16 inches long tsuba to tip, overall 24 inches long in saya I
A Most Attractive Samurai Jingasa War Hat Helmet, Edo Period A Jingasa Ichimonji Gasa, circa 1800. The clan mon is of the ken sword with circles or moons of the Sagara clan. The Sagara clan was, in the Edo period, a tozama daimyô clan which ruled over Hitoyoshi han in Higo province. The domain boasted a kokudaka of 22,000 koku. The Sagara were originally descended from the Fujiwara clan, and are believed to have taken their name from the manor (shoen) they held in Sagara, Haibara district, Tôtômi province during the Kamakura period. In 1198, the year before his death, Minamoto no Yoritomo granted the territory of Hitoyoshi (on Kyushu, in modern-day Kumamoto prefecture) to the Sagara. Hitoyoshi is surrounded on all sides by mountains, making it quite easily defensible, and allowing the Sagara to relatively easily survive their neighbours' attacks during the Sengoku period. Sagara Nagatsune initially fought alongside the Western Army (against Tokugawa Ieyasu) at the Battle of Sekigahara, but secretly sent an envoy to Ieyasu declaring his allegiance. When Ieyasu's forces laid siege to Nagatsune's Ôgaki castle, he granted the attackers entry, thus earning him some relief from Tokugawa enmity. After contributing as well to Tokugawa efforts during the Siege of Osaka, he earned a high reputation for his clan. Hitoyoshi castle has this interesting history; 1198 Sagara Nagayori ambushed & defeated the then ruler of the castle, Yase Kazumayu. The Yase clan had been vassals of the Taira clan. 1199 Yorikage rebuilt the castle. At that time a stone was found in the shape of the crescent moon, thus giving the castle the nickname of Sengetsu castle. 1589 Renovation of the castle's stone walls commenced. 1594 The castle town was established. 1639 The rebuilding of the castle was completed. 1802 A major fire destroyed all buildings. They were subsequently rebuilt. 1862 Another major fire ravaged the castle. All buildings were again rebuilt. 1871 The castle was abandoned. 1877 The whole of Hitoyoshi became a battleground during the Seinan rebellion. The diminished Sagara clan sold the whole castle and their estates in the 1930's A lacquer over cloth and paper constructed helmet, as is traditional of the era. We show a few stills from the magnificent Takashi Miike's electric remake of Eiichi Kudo's 1963 film, 13 Assassins. It shows this very form of helmet worn in combat by Samurai and the Shogun's step-son Lord Naritsugu. The most used and famous are the various round jingasa that are basically flat with just a small raised central part. Akemi Masaharu calls this type ichimonji gasa (‘straight-line hats’), hira gasa (‘flat hats’) or nuri gasa (‘lacquered hats’). The vast majority of these are made in what Akemi Masaharu calls the ‘dry lacquer technique’. This would involve gluing layers of cloth and / or paper together into a wooden mould, perhaps with some thin wood or bamboo strips as reinforcement, until a sufficient thickness was obtained, then lacquering. An alternative was to make them from coiled twisted paper strings, with each turn sewn to the next with another string. When lacquered, the whole structure was stiffened sufficiently to hold its shape. In both cases the result is a lightweight basic shape that could be individualised with decorations in lacquer. Not all of these are made in this way. Most ichimonji jingasa are black lacquered on top with the owner’s, or his lord’s, kamon in gold on the front. Kamon information thanks to G .Diey
A Most Attractive Shin Shinto Japanese Carved Bone Tanto Dagger Blade very nicely polished. Carving of very nice quality depicting samurai in combat, various figures and shishi lion dogs. Mounted in the late Meiji to Taisho period as a most decorative dagger, representative of the legendary samurai. Of course this was not a traditional sword wearing mount, but when Japan was opening up to the world, after being a closed feudal society for almost 400 years, swords such as these were most popular with visitors from Europe from the earliest steamship trade. They were also given as gifts for presentation
A Most Attractive Shin Shinto Japanese Carved Tanto Dagger Blade beautifully polished. Carving of very nice quality indeed depicting men in rich and extravagent traditional dress and ladies in kimono. Mounted in the late Meiji to Taisho period as a most decorative dagger, representative of the legendary samurai. This was not a traditional sword wearing mount, but when Japan was opening up to the world, after being a closed feudal society for almost 400 years, swords such as these were most popular with visitors from Europe from the earliest steamship trade. They were also given as gifts for presentation
A Most Attractive Shinto Wakazashi With Gold Decorated Mounts Gold flake nishiji lacquer saya with polished buffalo horn fittings. Patinated copper tsuba with gilt highlights. Signed blade Hosho Takada ju Fujiwara Yukinaga. Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", notes that there did not seem to be any particular need for the wakizashi and suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi [waist sash].
A Most Attractive Silver & Enamel Demi Tasse Spoon With enamel paintings of a portrait bust of Graf Zeppelin, and a an airship. Gold plated with German hallmarks to rear. Superb condition and a most charming and collectable object d'art. Ferdinand von Zeppelin served as an official observer with the Union Army during the American Civil War. During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. C. Lowe. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man. His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics. Zeppelin's ideas for large dirigibles was first expressed in a diary entry dated 25 March 1874. Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: a large rigidly-framed outer envelope continuing a number of separate gasbags. In 1887 the success of Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs' airship La France prompted him to send a letter to the King of Württemberg about the military necessity for dirigibles and the lack of German development in this field. He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co. and his name lived on in German legend as the great airship pioneer of international travel and airship warfare.
A Most Attractive Tanto By Tosa Choson, Master Smith, Horimono Dragon Blade Shinshinto period aikuchi tanto. Now re-polished and looking fabulous. Tokugawa mon represented throughout the fittings. Circa 1822 [Hawley CHO 16, 30 points]. Tosa Choson was one of the great 19th century sword smiths and this is a fine example of his work, with stunning grain in the blade's hada.. Decorated with a dragon chasing the pearl of wisdom carved horimono to one side of the blade, and prunus tree and a Buddhist bonji to the other. He tanto is commonly referred to as a knife or dagger. The blade can be single or double edged with a length between 15 and 30 cm (6-12 inches, in Japanese 1 shaku). The tanto was designed primarily as a stabbing weapon, but the edge can be used for slashing as well. Tanto are generally forged in hira-zukuri style (without ridgeline), meaning that their sides have no ridge line and are nearly flat, unlike the shinogi-zukuri structure of a katana. Some tanto have particularly thick cross-sections for armour-piercing duty, and are called yoroi toshi. Overall 19 inches long.
A Most Beautiful 13th Century Ancient Bronze Eastern Hand or Pole Cannon In many respects we can comfortably say this is potentially the earliest, oldest and most ancient gun for sale in the country today. Guns of this vintage are more often than not only available to be admired, with awe and respect within the great and hallowed halls of establishments such as the British Museum or the Smithsonian in Washington. This cannon is, as to be expected, one piece cast bronze with a slanted touch hole, tubular in form with an expanded breech section, and rear socket for a pole mount. It has superb natural age patina. Early firearms ranging from hand cannons to harquebusiers are referred to in texts of the period by many spellings: gonne, gunne, canon being a few examples. The hand cannon dates back to the late 13th century in Egypt and China, and was used until at least the 1520s in Europe and the Middle East, and until modern times in the Far East. However, where it was invented remains an area of controversy. The Arabs, Chinese and Mongols all have a claim - as do the Europeans. A 16th-century legend about a 14th-century German or Greek monk called Berthold Schwarz (Black Berthold, Bertholdus Niger) having invented gunpowder has long been proven to be fictitious. The earliest evidence of a portable hand cannon dates back to the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, when they were used by the Egyptians to repel the Mongols. Like this gun, which likely hails from Cambodia, the hand cannon was a simple weapon, but effective in sieges and ambushes. It was less effective in open battle and in wet or windy conditions. Despite its crude appearance, the hand cannon could kill even armoured opponents at short ranges - if the gunner could manage to hit them. Experiments indicate an effective range of about 50 metres and a maximum range of about 300 metres, depending on calibre and type of powder used. Hand cannon ranged in barrel length from 190 to 600 mm and from 12 to 36 mm in calibre. Approximate weights ranged from 1.5 kg to a monstrous 15 kg for some siege models. Barrels were typically short compared to later firearms and made from wrought iron or cast in bronze. For ease of handling, the barrels were often attached to a wooden stock. This was done in two ways: either by resting the barrel in a groove in the stock and securing it with metal bands, or by inserting the stock into a socket formed in the rear part of the barrel. Some gonnes merely had a metal rod formed as an extension to the rear of the barrel as a handle. For firing, the hand cannon could be held in two hands while an assistant applied ignition (such as hot coals or burning tinder) to the touch hole, or propped against something and set off by the gunner himself. Illustrations depict gunners holding the stock in the armpit, or over the shoulder like a modern bazooka to aim their weapon. During sieges, hand cannon were rested on the edges of walls, over the sides of armoured carts, or on forked rests hammered into the ground. Hooks are often found attached to the bottom of the barrel to support the gonne against stationary objects or to reduce the recoil. 14 inches long overall.
A Most Beautiful 17th Century Edo Katana Signed Oite Nanki Shigekuni After a year long wait this sword has arrived after it has had it's bespoke Shira saya completed. The signature translates Oite Nanki Shigekuni tsukuru kore, but to be grammatically correct it is „Nanki ni oite Shigekuni kore o tsukuru“. The character oite marks that what follows refers to a place where something took or takes place. In Japanese, the term oite stands at the end and is marked with the particle ni , i.e. Ni oite. So the reader has to be familiar with Japanese grammer to put the characters quoted in kanbun in the correct order. Nanki Shigekuni was of the late Yamato school: his early work is inscribed "resident of Tegai," referring to the Tegai school of Todaiji Temple in Nara. Along with many smiths he migrated after the pacification of the nation in the late sixteenth century, and went to Tsuruga. He was retained by the Tokugawa branch family in Kii Province, and his descendants continued to work in the castle town for eleven generations. Many have considered and described Shigekuni to be the greatest of all shinto smiths. He emulated the work of Go no Yoshihiro, making Soshu style swords in keeping with the requirement of the time. This blade is a most beautiful example with a full length hi and elegant sugaha hamon. A shinsa could determine that the mei is correct. 37.5 inches long approx overall in shira saya,. Blade 26.5 inches.
A Most Beautiful Ancient Bronze Dagger From the Time of Cyrus The Great Circa 600bc. As the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, one of Cyrus' objectives was to gain power over the Mediterranean coast and secure Asia Minor. Croesus of Lydia, Nabonidus of Babylonia and Amasis II of Egypt joined in alliance with Sparta to try and thwart Cyrus - but this was to no avail. Hyrcania, Parthia and Armenia were already part of the Median Kingdom. Cyrus moved further east to annex Drangiana, Arachosia, Margiana and Bactria to his territories. After crossing the Oxus, he reached the Jaxartes. There, he built fortified towns with the object of defending the farthest frontier of his kingdom against the Iranian nomadic tribes of Central Asia such as the Scythians. The exact limits of Cyrus' eastern conquests are not known, but it is possible that they extended as far as the Peshawar region in modern Pakistan. After his eastern victories, he repaired to the west and invaded Babylon. On 12 October 539BCE Cyrus, "without spilling a drop of blood", annexed the Chaldaean empire of Babylonia - and on October 29 he entered Babylon, arrested Nabonidus and assumed the title of "King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the four corners of the world". Almost immediately he then extended his control over the Arabian peninsula and the Levant also quickly submitted to Persian rule. Although Cyrus did not conquer Egypt, by 535BCE all the lands up to the Egyptian borders had acceded to Persian dominance. Newly conquered territories had a measure of political independence, being ruled by satraps. These (usually local) governors took full responsibility for the administration, legislation and cultural activities of each province. According to Xenophon, Cyrus created the first postal system in the world, and this must have helped with intra-Empire communications. Babylon, Ecbatana, Pasargadae and Susa were used as Cyrus' command centres. Cyrus' spectacular conquests triggered the age of Empire Building, as carried out by his successors as well as by the later Greeks and Romans. Dagger in very fine order, excellent patina, small fracture at the central hilt. 38cm long
A Most Beautiful and Attractive Muramachi Koto Period Chisa Katana Circa 1400, around 600 years old. With a most elegant blade with a fine sweeping curvature and typical thin, sugaha, Muramachi period hamon. Tensho style mounted hilt with a beautiful narrow waisted mid section. The maru gata Heianjo tsuba, mumei, Momoyama tsuba is iron with a raised rim and very fine zogan [inlays] of engraved sinshu [brass alloy] in the form of deity figures. The fushi kashira are iron, the fushi inlaid with pure fold flowers and kashira with gilt shitodome. All the koshirae are original Edo period but it has been superbly lightly restored by our artisans by rebinding the hilt and lacquering the saya. The Chisa Katana is a slightly shorter Katana highly suitable for two handed, or two sword combat, Ni-Ten Ichi Ryu, or, combat within enclosed areas such as castles or buildings. As such they were often the sword of choice for the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo, and generally the only warriors permitted to be armed in his presence. The chisa katana sword was far more effective a defence against any threat to the Daimyo's life by assassins [or the so-called Ninja] when hand to hand sword combat was within the Castle structure, due to the restrictions of their uniform low ceiling height. The hilt was usually around ten to eleven inches in length. Of all the weapons that man has developed since caveman days, few evoke such fascination as the samurai sword of Japan. To many of us in the West, the movie image of the samurai in his fantastic armour, galloping into battle on his horse, his colourful personal flag, or sashimono, whipping in the wind on his back, has become the very symbol of Japan, the Empire of the Rising Sun. And, truly, to the samurai of real life, nothing embodied his warrior’s code of Bushido more than his sword, considered inseparable from his soul. Indeed, a sword was considered such a crucial part of a samurai’s life that when a young samurai was about to be born, a sword was brought into the bedchamber during the delivery. When the time came for an old samurai to die — and cross over into the ‘White Jade Pavilion of the Afterlife’ — his honoured sword was placed by his side. Even after death, a daimyo, or nobleman, believed he could count on his samurai who had followed him into the next world to use their keen blades to guard him against any demons, just as they had wielded their trusty weapons to defend him against flesh-and-blood enemies in this life. The legendary 16th century samurai warrior, said by many to be the best ever, Miyamoto Musashi, was a great exponent of single handed sword wielding, using two shorter swords as this one, simultaneously. Within his book, Musashi mentions that the use of two swords within strategy is mutually beneficial between those who utilize this skill. The idea of using two hands for a sword is an idea which Musashi disagrees with, in that there is not fluidity in movement when using two hands — "If you hold a sword with both hands, it is difficult to wield it freely to left and right, so my method is to carry the sword in one hand"; he as well disagrees with the idea of using a sword with two hands on a horse, and/or riding on unstable terrain, such as muddy swamps, rice fields, or within crowds of people. Overall 33 inches long, blade tsuba to tip 21.75 inches long
A Most Beautiful British 1790's Sabre With Lion's Head Pommel and Langet This is a glorious swash buckling sabre of great quality and in fine condition. A lot of it's original mercurial gilt is remaining and it's wire bound grip is near mint. We have seen these swords refered to as every thing from British flank officer's sabre, Royal Naval officer's [when with ivory grips], and 1790's British East India co. Infantry officer's swords [often though more crudely made and with carved bone grips]. We believe it was made before regulation types were more standard [in the 1790's], and in the period when officers could carry any sword as they saw fit, provided it followed a suitable functionable ability as per their needs. Either way, this is a fabulous King George IIIrd period English sword from the Napoleonic Wars, and the Tippu Sultan revolt at The Siege of Seringapatam (5 April – 4 May 1799). This was the final confrontation of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between the British East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore. The British achieved a decisive victory after breaching the walls of the fortress at Seringapatam and storming the citadel. Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, was killed in the action. The British restored the Wodeyar dynasty to the throne after the victory, but retained indirect control of the kingdom. When the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out, the British assembled two large columns under General George Harris. The first consisted of over 26,000 British East India Company troops, 4,000 of whom were European while the rest were local Indian sepoys. The second column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad, and consisted of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry. Together, the allied force numbered over 50,000 soldiers. Tipu's forces had been depleted by the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the consequent loss of half his kingdom, but he still probably had up to 30,000 soldiers
A Most Beautiful English 12 Shot Revolver With Much Original Blue Finish By G.Hanson of Doncaster, Yorkshire. Likely the son and successor to S. Hanson who was a recorded Doncaster maker in the 1820's and 30's. Birmingham proofed barrel. This is a true untouched beauty. In fabulous condition with much of it's original deluxe finish remaining. The 12 shot pinfire revolver was rare at the time of it's use, during the 1860's to 1890's, but they are even rarer now, as so few survived the past century. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables . Barrel 4.75 inches, 7mm calibre.
A Most Beautiful Italianate Style Flintlock Blunderbuss Pistol Finest chiseled steel barrel and lock, walnut stock carved in relief with mortar and cannon designs and profusely inlaid with silver scrollwork. The butt cap is cast silver and deeply relief decorated with swags scrolls and sea shells, with the Italian renaissance influence, and some denting. Circa 1790 this blunderbuss is a most attractive piece, and the chiseling to the steel is most intricate and excellently executed. Made and used in the Mediterranean region right through from Spain, France, Italy, Turkey, Macedonia, Greece and the Caucasus. A single butt strap is half lacking but could be easily replaced As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Beautiful Kamakura Tanto Probably Yamato Tradition Circa 1320 An ancient now repolished blade around 700 years old. With a nice, typical, early narrow hamon to the fabulously ancient blade. Amazing to know this dagger blade is around 700 years old and looks as good as near new. With very fine Edo period soft-metal mounts over laid with pure gold and silver on a hand punched nanako ground all with the theme of exotic birds flowing trees and a turtle, and a pure gold pheonix onlaid onto its kodsuke utility knife. The extended length saya is uniformly deep ridged ribbing with a pale amber lacquer. The saya has a silver kurigata of turbulant water and is deliberately extended to give the appearance that longer blade is within it. This has an added advantage of a quicker withdraweral from the saya than it's appearance belies and would be expected by an adversary. An Edo iron tsuba inlaid with gold flowers and butterflies. It has it's last original gold Edo wrap [ito] that shows age and areas of discolouration. It could of course be replaced by us with new, Japanese, gold silk wrap, as might be preferred. Yamato tradition blades have their origins that lies in the province of Yamato, which for the Nara period, was regarded as the center of Japanese culture. The province is located south of Kyoto in the region of Kinai ( "Heart of the Capital area"). The city of Heijo-kyo (now Nara ) in the province of Yamato was then the capital of the Japanese Empire, so that it was here that many sword smiths settled. According to legend, thus came from the first Japanese sword forging of Amakuni and Amakura, the Yamato tradition. Ascribed to them is the Kogarasu Maru sword, which is probably the best known example of Yamato sword making. With the transfer of the capital to Heian-kyo (now Kyoto ) in 794, many swordsmiths left the province. Around the year 1200 the area around Nara, increasingly bellicose religious sects were formed, so that the demand for swords increased. In the course of that, thus more sword smiths were active in that state again, to meet the needs of the armed warrior monks and samurai. For this reason, temple names for the different schools were mostly used, for example there was the Tegai-School named after the gate of the temple Tegai-mon -ji Todai . 55.5 cm long overall, 25.5 cm blade tsuba to tip.
A Most Beautiful Koto Katana Circa 1550, Fabulous Shakudo Koshirae Wonderful shakudo [multi coloured patinated copper and gold] fittings showing figures from Japanese folklore. Stunning hamon of incredible complexity and in original Edo polish. Blade form with a very nicely, and evenly balanced sori [curvature]. Brass inlaid tsuba showing a stylised star constellation with a matching pair of, pure gold onlaid, elongated celestial menuki with dragons tail 29.5 inch blade from tsuba.Shakudo is a billon of gold and copper (typically 4–10% gold, 96–90% copper) which can be treated to form an indigo/black patina resembling lacquer. Unpatinated shakudo visually resembles bronze; the dark colour is induced by applying and heating rokusho, a special patination formula. Shakud? was historically used in Japan to construct or decorate katana fittings such as tsuba, menuki, and kozuka; as well as other small ornaments. When it was introduced to the West in the mid-19th century, it was thought to be previously unknown outside Asia, but recent studies have suggested close similarities to certain decorative alloys used in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Modern jewelry artisans have revived the use of shakudo as a striking design element, especially for the technique of mokume-gane. The first use of "katana" as a word to describe a long sword that was different from a tachi is found in the 12th century. These references to "uchigatana" and "tsubagatana" seem to indicate a different style of sword, possibly a less costly sword for lower ranking warriors. The evolution of the tachi into the katana seems to have started during the early Muromachi period (1337 to 1573). Starting around the year 1400, long swords signed with the "katana" signature were made. This was in response to samurai wearing their tachi in what is now called "katana style" (cutting edge up). Japanese smiths often did not like to display their name loudly. Some smiths put only their school's name, with no individual name. For example, such smiths as Ichimonji or Gassan, and of course some others. Their behaviour may indeed come from the principle of true modesty, it is effectively the opposite idea to egotism. In old Japanese, ego is a kind of dirt within the spirit. In medieval Japan, when a smith makes a blade for his god or Buddha, he tries to make his best blade, but will not put his signature on the tang. He refrains from putting his signature on his representation of a holy piece, that he will offer in shrine or temple. When a smith received a command to make an order from a high class lord, he reacts the same way. It is in a manner that it is to respect the sword, but humbling the smith himself. 41 inches long overall in saya,
A Most Beautiful Meckelenberg Infantry Officer's Pickelhaub Mecklenburg-Schwerin.During it's life as a collectable souvenir of the Great War, within the past 90 years, it has been sympathetically restored, including a replacement helmet centre plate. However, we reflect this in it's price, but the helmet is thoroughly delightful and a most beautiful example of a restored helmet. Silver star with the ovoid gold shield with the arms of Mecklenburg-Schwerin within wreath and ducal crown. Black lacquered leather body with gilt trim. Helmet body with excellent form and fine stitching. Interior original sweat leather and silk head liner all present and good. Visors undersides coloured. No extra holes in body. Exterior lacquer in good condition with minor crazing due to age. Round spike base with fluted spike and four star form fittings. Officer chinscales, leather lined with buckle. The House of Mecklenburg is a North German dynasty of West Slavic origin that ruled until 1918. The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a territory in Northern Germany held by the House of Mecklenburg residing at Schwerin. It was a sovereign member state of the German Confederation and became a federated state of the North German Confederation and finally of the German Empire in 1871. In the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars Duke Frederick Francis I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin had remained neutral, and in 1803 he regained Wismar, which was pawned to him from Sweden. After Napoleon's victory at the Battle of Austerlitz and the final dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, he joined the Confederation of the Rhine by a treaty of 22 March 1808. Napoleon, in preparation for the French invasion of Russia in 1812, disregarded this alliance; he offered the duchy to the Swedish heir apparent Jean Bernadotte for his support. Duke Frederick Francis was the first member of the confederation to abandon Napoleon, to whose armies he had sent a contingent, and in the following War of the Sixth Coalition he fought against the troops of the First French Empire —with the result that his new allies, Prussia and Russia, now offered his duchy to the Kingdom of Denmark. Instead, Denmark was promised the adjacent lands of Swedish Pomerania by the 1814 Peace of Kiel and the rule of the Mecklenburg dukes remained inviolate. At the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Frederick Francis joined the newly established German Confederation, and like his Strelitz cousin Charles II, was elevated to the title of a "Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin". In 1819 serfdom was finally abolished in his dominions. The Mecklenburg governance was still determined by the 1755 inheritance agreement (Landesgrundgesetzlicher Erbvergleich), which upheld the medieval hierarchy of the estates, which largely affected the social and economic development of both grand duchies. During the revolutions of 1848, the duchy witnessed a considerable agitation in favour of a liberal constitution. On 10 October 1849 Grand Duke Frederick Francis II (1823–1883) granted a new Basic law elaborated by his First Minister Ludwig von Lützow. In the subsequent reaction of the Mecklenburg nobility, backed by the Strelitz grand duke George, all the concessions which had been made to democracy were withdrawn and further restrictive measures were introduced in 1851 and 1852. In the dispute over neighbouring Holstein which culminated in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, Frederick Francis II supported the Kingdom of Prussia, whom he aided with Mecklenburg-Schwerin soldiers. His grand duchy began to pass more and more under Prussian influence. In 1867 he joined the North German Confederation and the Zollverein. In the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), Prussia again received valuable assistance from Grand Duke Frederick Francis II, who was an ardent advocate of German unity and held a high command in her armies. In the course of the German unification in 1871, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz became states of the German Empire. There was now renewed agitation for a more democratic constitution, and the German Reichstag parliament gave some countenance to this movement. In 1897 Frederick Francis IV (b. 1882) succeeded his father Frederick Francis III (1851–1897) as the last grand duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1907 the Grand Duke promised a constitution to his subjects. The duchy had always been under a feudal system of government, the grand duke having the executive entirely in his hands (though acting through ministers). The duchy shared a diet (Landtag), which met for a short session each year. At other times they were represented by a committee consisting of the proprietors of knights' estates (Rittergüter), known as the Ritterschaft, and the Landschaft, or burgomasters of certain towns. Mecklenburg-Schwerin returned six members to the Reichstag. Upon the suicide of his cousin Grand Duke Adolphus Frederick VI on 23 February 1918, Frederick Francis served as regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Shortly afterwards, on 14 November, he was forced to renounce the Mecklenburg throne in the course of the German Revolution. We show post card photo of the Grand Duke wearing wearing his near identical pickelhaub with a cotton combat cover. 1 roundel lacking to the left of helmet.
A Most Beautiful Samurai Tachi, Tokugawa Mon Late Edo Shinshinto A super tachi with several mon decorated within the lacquer on the saya of the Tokugawa clan. Tachi were by tradition in the late Edo era worn by the clan Daimyo. The green doeskin obi tori have also two Tokugawa mon placques. The signed blade is in full original polish and horimono engraved with a dragon. The Edo tsuba is decoarted with a hawk preying on a hare. Following the Sengoku Period of "warring states", central government had been largely reestablished by Oda Nobunaga during the Azuchi-Momoyama period. After the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, central authority fell to Tokugawa Ieyasu. Society in the Tokugawa period, unlike the shogunates before it, was supposedly based on the strict class hierarchy originally established by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The daimyo, or lords, were at the top, followed by the warrior-caste of samurai, with the farmers, artisans, and traders ranking below. In some parts of the country, particularly smaller regions, daimyo and samurai were more or less identical, since daimyo might be trained as samurai, and samurai might act as local rulers. Otherwise, the largely inflexible nature of this social stratification system unleashed disruptive forces over time. Taxes on the peasantry were set at fixed amounts which did not account for inflation or other changes in monetary value. As a result, the tax revenues collected by the samurai landowners were worth less and less over time. This often led to numerous confrontations between noble but impoverished samurai and well-to-do peasants, ranging from simple local disturbances to much bigger rebellions. None, however, proved compelling enough to seriously challenge the established order until the arrival of foreign powers. Toward the end of the 19th century, an alliance of several of the more powerful daimyo, along with the titular Emperor, finally succeeded in the overthrow of the shogunate after the Boshin War, culminating in the Meiji Restoration. The Tokugawa Shogunate came to an official end in 1868, with the resignation of the 15th Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu and the "restoration" (Osei fukko) of imperial rule. 40.5 inches long overall in saya, blade inches long tsuba to tip
A Most Beautiful Signed Shinto Wakazashi With Clan Mon In Gold Koshirae The iron fushi kashira are overlaid with pure gold flower head clan mon. Pierced iron semi sukashi tsuba, 17th to 18th century, of three highly prized aki nasu [trio of autumn egg plants]. The signed blade has a superbly vibrant hamon, beautifully polished, and the finely saya has been relacquered in the old style. The sword was made circa 1600, and now it has been sympathetically restored it is the absolute beauty as it once was. The black silk hilt wrap is original Edo period. The all pure gold decoration of the clan mon is most significant, and these are variations of Chrysanthemum, the kiku mon of the Japanese Imperial household, and another flower head mon. It may well indicate the owners connection, possibly as a retainer, to a most highly revered household in Shinto period Japan. In regards to the tsuba design. There is a famous old Japanese saying about the highly respected design of the tsuba of aki nasu, and it goes thus “Aki nasu yome ni kuwasuna” — “Don’t let the daughter-in-law eat aki yasu.” As usual with old Japanese sayings we have only a small clue as what they mean. We believe it likely means; It is traditional for the daughter-in-law to live with her husband’s family after marriage. Even with a new “wife” in the house, it would be the mother-in-law who continued to rule the household — and the kitchen would remain her domain. To the young bride, the mother-in-law could be terrifying, and in some households the younger woman would end up in a position that was little better than that of a servant. In this scenario, eggplants, which are particularly good in autumn, were considered too much of a delicacy to feed to such a lowly family member. Blade 21.4 inches long tsuba to tip, overall 29.85 inches long in saya.
A Most Charming American 18th Century Officers and Dueling Sword Circa 1740 Used in the Indian French War and the American War of Independence. A beautiful and historical small-sword with it's original plain black Japanning, and a very fine trefoil colishmarde blade. Plain and serene iron hilt, in very good shape, with low pas de ane. An egg-shaped pommel which is signally elegant. It also has it's original triple wound fine wire grip binding, mounted top and bottom with Turk's head knots. See the standard work "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann Published 1973. Sword 216s. Page 133, for near a identical sword. The colishmarde blade has very fine scrollwork engraving. The colishmarde blades first appeared in 1680 and were popular during the next 40 years or so years at the royal European courts, and they continued to have a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War. Even George Washington had a very fine one, with a blade just as this example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended. The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. Due to the original blackened hilt, one could also dub this a "mourning" sword. A mourning sword was one that would generally have blackened fittings (hilt and grip) and was worn at funerals, but they were also worn as an everyday item of informal dress, which would rule out the idea that they were only worn for somber occasions, and also worn by officers in service, with a gilt or parcel-gilt knot for embellishment. A particular painting showing a very good example of this is in the National Maritime Museum and it is most similar. The painting is of British Naval Captain Hugh Palliser, who wears a 'mourning' sword with a blackened hilt and gold sword knot which gave it a sleek overall appearance. A full-length portrait of Sir Hugh Palliser, Admiral of the White, turning slightly to the right in captain's uniform (over three years seniority), 1767-1774. He stands cross-legged, leaning on the plinth of a column, holding his hat in his right hand. The background includes a ship at sea. From 1764 to 1766, when he was a Captain, Palliser was Governor of Newfoundland, where James Cook, who had served under him earlier, was employed charting the coast. He was subsequently Comptroller of the Navy and then second-in-command to Augustus Keppel at the Battle of Ushant in 1778. Very good original condition overall. Blade 31.5 inches long
A Most Charming Edo Patinated Copper and Silver Onlaid Katana Tsuba Depicting a contemplating cat crouched beneath a bush, signed on the reverse side Moritake. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other. 73mm x 75mm
A Most Charming English Sidelock Percussion Manstopper Pistol Finely engraved with micro chequered butt, octagonal barrel. A nice English large bore side hammer pocket pistol circa 1840. Scroll engraved side lock action with bun nut retained dolphin head hammer. Chequered walnut bag grip with vacant silver diamond escutcheon to the rear. The heavy octagonal smooth bore barrel is Birmingham proofed and brass front sight with fixed v notch to the rear. A very pretty medium size, big bore, man stopper pistol made by the Birmingham trade around 1840 and sold without a retailers name, but of very good quality. Designed to be carried in the coat pocket of a traveller or gentleman about town, to provide effective close range personal defence at a time when the forces of law and order were often patchy at best. In good condition with good bores and mechanics, nice finely chequered grips and bright steel metal work. A very nice pistol likely by one of the better Birmingham makers of the day. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Charming King George IIIrd Officers' Horn Small Drinking Cup In carved horn used from the 1790's until the Crimean War. A super Napoleonic wars collectable.
A Most Charming Medieval Carved Ivory Hilted Knife 500 to 600 Years Old A most delightful and original piece somewhat bordering on the erotic. Probably 15th to 16th century. Carved in form of a lady in traditional dress in a demi-seated position, exposing her legs, with her hand clasping the hem of her dress, resting at her knees. Single edged blade with natural well aged corruption but nicely sound. From the previous owner it is said to have been recovered from the Thames in London. The pose may suggest it is a wedding knife, items that often portrayed nudity, or bawdy and erotic poses. Knives were used for cutting food and carrying it to the mouth, with the fingers. The use of forks became widespread in England only after 1660, following the example set by Charles II (ruled 1660-1685). The formal place setting of knife, fork and spoon was not established in England until about 1700. Cutlery manufacture involved a number of specialists: the blademaker, grinder, hafter (the person who made the handle), sheather (the maker of the sheath in which the knife was carried) and the furbisher or cutler, who assembled the parts, forging the blade, and sold the finished items. The London Cutlers Company, set up in 1415, regulated the trade until the 18th century. It obliged cutlers to mark their wares with their personal devices. In the Medieval era both men and women carried their knives, not in their pockets, if indeed they had any, but usually in sheaths hanging from a girdle which went round the body just above the hips. It was the business of the girdler, as he was called, to supply these girdles, and we shall see that in the inventory of a York girdler, dated 1439, there were many cheap girdles and knives. There were few table-knives, and when at table nearly everybody used a knife of his own. In 1392 a lady bequeathed "my knife which I use," probably her meat-knife. Even in the last century, in taverns, in many countries, particularly in some towns of France, knives were not placed on the table, because it was expected that each person should have one of his own. 8.25 inches overall.
A Most Charming Meiji Era Japanese Brides Kaiken With Horimono Blade With the Edo Tokugawa mon mark and all over relief decorated with flowers. Women carried them in the obi for self-defense and rarely for jigai (ritual suicide). A woman received a kaiken as part of her wedding gifts, often from her father. Hocho tetsu blade. In some weddings, the fiancee’s procession was an important part of the wedding ceremony. On the day of the wedding, the bride-to-be would be escorted to the groom’s home in a rickshaw or a basket-chair palanquin. During the Edo Period, the nuptial procession in a richly decorated palanquin was mainly reserved to women belonging to the high ranking Samurai classes and the aristocracy. 11.25 inches long overall, blade 6.25 inches.
A Most Charming Oval Tanto Tettsu Tsuba Inlaid With Gold Oval mokko shape intricately inlaid with delicate gold flower heads and leaves, with an open Kodzuke Hitsu-ana. Mid Edo era. The tsuba is the hand guard of a Japanese sword. It served several purposes. The tsuba balanced the sword. And it protected the hand of the sword holder from an attack by an enemy as well as from gliding into the sword blade. The third purpose was a more refined one. The Japanese tsuba developed into a kind of a status symbol for the sword owner. 5.4 x 4cm
A Most Desirable Royal Army Medical Corps WW1 Trio Medical services in the British armed services go as far back as the formation of the Standing Regular Army after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. This was the first time a career was provided for a Medical Officer (MO), known as the Regimental Surgeon, both in peacetime and in war. The Army was formed entirely on a regimental basis, and an MO with a Warrant Officer as his Assistant Surgeon was appointed to each regiment, which also provided a hospital. The MO was also for the first time concerned in the continuing health of his troops, and not limited to just battlefield medicine. This regimental basis of appointment for MOs continued until 1873, when a co-ordinated army medical service was set up. To join, a doctor needed to be qualified and single and aged at least 21, and then undergo a further examination in physiology, surgery, medicine, zoology, botany and physical geography including meteorology, and also to satisfy various other requirements (including having dissected the whole body at least once and having attended 12 midwifery cases); the results were published in three classes by an Army Medical School, which was set up in 1860 at Fort Pitt in Chatham, and moved in 1863 to Netley outside Southampton. There was much unhappiness in the Army Medical Service in the following years. For medical officers did not actually have military rank but “advantages corresponding to relative military rank” (such as choice of quarters, rates of lodging money, servants, fuel and light, allowances on account of injuries received in action, and pensions and allowances to widows and families). They had inferior pay in India, excessive amounts of Indian and colonial service (being required to serve in India six years at a stretch), and less recognition in honours and awards. They did not have their own identity as did the Army Service Corps, whose officers did have military rank. A number of complaints were published, and the British Medical Journal became vocal. For over two years after 27 July 1887 there were no recruits to the Army Medical Department. A parliamentary committee reported in 1890 highlighting the doctors’ injustices. Yet all this was ignored by the Secretary of State for War. The British Medical Association, the Royal College of Physicians and others redoubled their protests. Eventually, in 1898, officers and soldiers providing medical services were incorporated into a new body known by its present name, the Royal Army Medical Corps; its first Colonel-in-Chief was H.R.H the Duke of Connaught. The RAMC began to develop during the Boer War, but it was during the First World War that it reached its apogee both in size and experience. The RAMC itself lost 743 officers and 6130 soldiers killed in the war. During Britain's colonial days the RAMC had set up clinics and hospitals in countries where British troops could be found. Major-General Sir William Macpherson of the RAMC wrote the official Medical History of the War (HMSO 1922). Its main base was for long the Queen Alexandra Hospital Millbank Since the Victoria Cross was instituted in 1856 there have been 27 Victoria Crosses and two bars awarded to army medical personnel. A bar, indicating a subsequent award of a second Victoria Cross, has only ever been awarded three times, two of them to medical officers. Twenty-three of these Victoria Crosses are on display in the Army Medical Services Museum. The corps also has one recipient of both the Victoria Cross and the Iron Cross. One officer was awarded the George Cross in the Second World War. A young female member of the corps, Private Michelle Norris, became the first woman to be awarded the Military Cross following her actions in Iraq on 11 June 2006
A Most Elegant Shinto Katana With Kiri Clan Mon by Mutsu Aizu Ju Masanaga. With Toyotomi Hideyoshi's clan mon. Circa 1650, with every han dachi mount embellished with a gold Kiri mon. With beautiful bright polish blade showing a stunning undulating notare hamon. It is the Kamon [samurai clan symbol] of paulownia tomentosa. Originally, this design was one of two Emperor's Kamon (the existing Imperial Kamon is the chrysanthemum (Kiku mon) only). This design was given to the Shogun and Toyotomi Hideyoshi from the Emperor. This chisa katana sword has a blade with a spectacular deep hamon. The original Edo lacquer on the saya is most rare in that it is in a longitudal separated pattern of smooth and rippled black. A list of Wazamono is a list of 228 fine swordsmiths (or 180 depending on the method of counting) of katana and other weapons in the book Kaiho kenjaku, released in 1815 by Yamada Asaemon. (Yamada Asaemon V was one among a direct line of official sword testers for the bakufu during the Edo Period, every generation of whom inherited that name). The work lists 12 saijo owazamono ( "supreme sharpness swords"), 21 owazamono ( "great sharpness swords"), 50 ryowazamono ( "good sharp swords"), 80 wazamono (wazamono, "sharp swords"), and 60 (65) maked with mixed levels of sharpness. In this reference work Masanaga was graded Ryowazamono. Toyotomi Hideyoshi was granted this swords clan mon when he was a preeminent daimyo, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier". He succeeded his former liege lord, Oda Nobunaga, and in many respects brought an end to the Warring States period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu. Hideyoshi is noted for a number of cultural legacies, including the restriction that only members of the samurai class could bear arms. He financed the construction, restoration and rebuilding of many temples standing today in Kyoto. Hideyoshi played an important role in the history of Christianity in Japan when he ordered the execution by crucifixion of twenty-six Christians. Like Nobunaga before him, Hideyoshi never achieved the title of shogun. Instead, he arranged to have himself adopted into the Fujiwara clan, and secured a succession of high court titles including, in 1585, the prestigious position of Imperial Regent (kampaku). In 1586, Hideyoshi was formally given the name Toyotomi by the imperial court. He built a lavish palace, the Jurakudai, in 1587 and entertained the reigning emperor, Go-Yozei, the following year 21.75 inch blade,36 inches long approx overall in saya
A Most Fabulous, Intricately Carved Keris Dagger With Watered Steel Blade A stunning looking piece and a most impressive 20th century example with delightful pamor blade. Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colours of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern. Small area of wood snake body lacking under the hilt.
A Most Fine & Beautiful Katana Signed Sukesada of Bizen Dated 1560 Signed Bizen kuni ju Osafune Sukesada. One of the Sukesada, Bizen smiths. A very nice Koto blade, that has seen battle, with fine mounts and most unusually and very interestingly, embossed leather wrapped tsuka, with cloisonne enamel menuki. Embossed leather was imported to Japan by the Portuguese in the 16th century and was highly prized as screens and other decorative works of art. We have also seen, although most rarely, other items decorated with this distinctive leatherwork such as samurai purses and saya coverings. The embossing on the leather are various insects, highly popular in samurai fittings décor. The fushi tsuka mount is very fine, signed by the maker, and decorated with flowers and gold buds. Harima, Mimasaka and Bizen provinces were prospering under the protection of the Akamatsu family. Above all, Bizen province turned out a great many talented swordsmiths. A large number of swords were made there in the late Muromachi period not only supplying the demand of the Age of Provincial Wars in Japan but also as an important exporting item to the Ming dynasty in China. At the onset of the decline of the Ashikaga shogunate in 1565 ad., and Yoshiteru's assassination the shogunate of Yoshiteru was filled by his two-year old son, Yoshiaki. Yoshiteru's brother was the abbot of a Buddhist monastery. He resigned this position and attempted to assume the shogunate. These efforts ultimately failed. The demand for swords began an accent to unimaginable levels. The national unrest and violent civil war did not cease until the successful takeover of the shogunate by Tokugawa Iyeyasu. The "Osafune - Kozori" group was the major supplier of blades for these events. 29 inch blade Tsuba to tip. On just one side of the blade there are combat stress hagire marks near the top section. This blade has certainly seen battle use, and is ideal for the historical collector of beautiful samurai weaponry, as opposed to those seeking blade condition perfection. 40 inches long approx overall in saya
A Most Fine English Civil War Captain's Spontoon Finely pierced and line engraved with feint traces of gilt within the line engraving. Set on later 19th century haft that bears an ordnance mark and maker stamp. The spontoon was in wide use by the mid 17th century, and it continued to be used until the mid to late 19th century. The Italians might have been the first to use the spontoon but it was quickly adopted throughout Europe and in its early days, the weapon was used for combat, but as the musket replaced the pike as the primary weapon of the foot soldier, the spontoon became more of a symbolic item being used as a symbol of rank and as a signaling device. Non-commissioned officers carried the spontoon as a symbol of their rank and used it like a mace, in order to issue battlefield commands to their men. Commissioned officers carried and commanded with swords, although some English officers used spontoons. The spontoon was one of the only pole weapons that stayed in use long enough to make it into American history. As late as the 1890s the spontoon could still be seen accompanying marching soldiers.
A Most Fine, 1855,59,& 65 Patent Nickel Plated Smith & Wesson Revolver With a all nickel plated barrel and cylinder and frame, and around 95% of the 'deluxe grade' original nickel remaining. This fabulous condition of the nickel makes this pistol truly exceptional and absolutely beautiful. It has as one might expect a very good tight action, and a fine and clear Smith and Wesson address to barrel top strap, with all the patent dates. All it's original mother o'pearl grips. This is one of the nicest condition examples we have seen in the past 5 years. Smith and Wessons have been owned by all the greatest and infamous characters in Wild West history, such as Jesse James, Cole Younger, Bob Ford and Wyatt Earp. The Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2. The boot or vest pocket pistol. Part of the great popularity of the Smith and Wessons during the Civil War is due to the way they loaded. It is a "Tip Up" design. A "tip up" loading system is where the barrel tips up and the entire cylinder can is replaced with a full cylinder if needed. That, was a massive improvement in the aid to fast reloading, With the exception of Smith & Wesson pistols, all other pistols during the Civil War were tediously loaded with either combustible paper cartridges or with loose powder and ball. Both loading methods consisted of inserting the powder and bullet from the front, and then with the rammer was built into the gun you would swage the bullet into place. The swaging held the bullet from falling out when the gun recoiled when fired. Finally, a percussion cap was individually fitted to the back of the cylinder with one required for each of the five or six chambers. Because reloading could take minutes, if extra cylinders could be found, two or more spare cylinders were carried pre-loaded. The cylinders would be switched much more quickly than reloading a fired one. Because of this, and even though it was lower powered with its .32 calibre round, the early cartridge taking Smith & Wesson Models can hold the distinction of probably being the most popular secondary pistol carried in the Civil War. And due to the Great Western Migration still going strong after the Civil War, they was not only popular during the Civil War - but it also very popular afterwards on the Western frontier. It is widely said that General George Armstrong Custer, who owned a lot of different makes of guns, owned a pair of .32 Smith & Wesson pistols. It is also said that Wild Bill Hickok carried one on the night that he was shot in the head during a fateful and infamous card game This revolver is called the "Model One and a Half." It appears that after Smith & Wesson produced the Model 2, they then set out to provide the more powerful .32 rimfire in a more handy "pocket" size revolver. That's when they came up this, a five shot .32 rimfire with a shorter 3½" barrel. Since they already had the small Model 1 and the Model 2, the new model was in between those sizes , so Smith & Wesson came up with the somewhat awkward name of "Model One and a Half." Overall length 7.75 inches. Barrel 3.5 inches 32 Rimfire calibre. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Handsome, Honest & Original Victorian British Fire Service Helmet In good condition with part liner, chinsclales and strap but with a few skull dents hairlines and missing mounting screws. The desirable standard pattern of Fire Service helmet used by all British county and city Fire Services in the Victorian era and past WW1. In superb condition, with original chain curb strap, with just a few small surface dents. With all original liner. The first Roman fire brigade of which we have any substantial history was created by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Marcus Licinius Crassus was born into a wealthy Roman family around the year 115 BC, and acquired an enormous fortune through (in the words of Plutarch) "fire and rapine." One of his most lucrative schemes took advantage of the fact that Rome had no fire department. Crassus filled this void by creating his own brigade—500 men strong—which rushed to burning buildings at the first cry of alarm. Upon arriving at the scene, however, the fire fighters did nothing while their employer bargained over the price of their services with the distressed property owner. If Crassus could not negotiate a satisfactory price, his men simply let the structure burn to the ground, after which he offered to purchase it for a fraction of its value. Emperor Nero took the basic idea from Crassus and then built on it to form the Vigiles in AD 60 to combat fires using bucket brigades and pumps, as well as poles, hooks and even ballistae to tear down buildings in advance of the flames. The Vigiles patrolled the streets of Rome to watch for fires and served as a police force. The later brigades consisted of hundreds of men, all ready for action. When there was a fire, the men would line up to the nearest water source and pass buckets hand in hand to the fire. Rome suffered a number of serious fires, most notably the fire on 19 July AD 64 and eventually destroyed two thirds of Rome. In the UK, the Great Fire of London in 1666 set in motion changes which laid the foundations for organised firefighting in the future. In the wake of the Great Fire, the City Council established the first fire insurance company, "The Fire Office", in 1667, which employed small teams of Thames watermen as firefighters and provided them with uniforms and arm badges showing the company to which they belonged. However, the first organised municipal fire brigade in the world was established in Edinburgh, Scotland, when the Edinburgh Fire Engine Establishment was formed in 1824, led by James Braidwood. London followed in 1832 with the London Fire Engine Establishment.
A Most Impressive Ancient, Koto Samurai Battle Sword By Yukinaga Wide deeply curved blade with double hi. A glorious looking katana, externaly very subtle, with few frills, but with impressive form and status once drawn from the saya. The blade had a bohi [twin fullers] on both sides, thus at the same time lightening the blade, making it more effective in combat, yet creating no additional weakness. It has a deep sori [curvature] typical of the Muramachi Koto era [1392-1573]. 26.25 inch blade tsuba to tip. Overall 40 inches long in saya
A Most Impressive British King George IIIrd Pioneer- Artillery Sword With steel sawback blade, cast bronze hilt with beast pommel and cast ribbed grip. A stout and manly sword. Carried by the pioneer and also thought to have been used by artillery. The tradition of the pioneer sergeant began in the eighteenth century, when each British infantry company had a pioneer who marched at the head of the regiment. The pioneer wore a “stout” apron and carried an axe, ostensibly to clear a path for all who followed, and a powerful but short sword with sawback. The apron served to protect the pioneer sergeant's uniform whilst performing his duties, which included being the unit blacksmith. The beard was allowed in order to protect his face from the heat and the slag of the forge. The axe was also used to kill horses that were wounded in battle. A general order of 1856 allowed for one pioneer per company in each regiment. The tools carried by the pioneers included a sawback sword. An example of this v.scarce sword is in the Tower of London collection, our last example we had in the 1960's.
A Most Impressive English Long Musket Circa 1830 Extra long barrel, percussion action, good walnut stock with chequered grip, 68 inches long [approx] overall. A good stout musket of fine proportions. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interest Group Of Four Dutch WW2 Chivalric Decoration Medals Now confirmed as awarded to a Commander of a RNN U Boat, the Free Dutch Navy Submarine of WW2 HNMS O 19 (N 54). Capt. Van Dongen. An Order of Orange Nassau 'Officer' group in superb old quality. White enamel and silver gilt Maltese cross with ball-tipped finials and with deep blue enamel inset panels, with laurel wreath between the arms, on swivel crown suspension; the face with a circular central blue enamel and gilt medallion bearing a gilt Netherlands lion within a white enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘JE MAINTIENDRAI’ (I will maintain); the reverse with a circular central blue enamel medallion bearing the gilt crowned cipher of Queen Wilhelmina, in whose name the Order was founded, within a white enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘GOD ZY MET ONS’ (God be with us); age-toned; on original ribbon with rosette denoting an award of the ‘officer’ class. The Order was established by Queen Emma, Dowager Queen, acting as Regent for Queen Wilhelmina, on 4 April 1892 and may be awarded to both Dutch citizens and foreigners for meritorious service to the Dutch throne, state or society. A very good example of high quality and some age. An example of the of the calibre of WW2 srving officers who were awarded such a highly respected decoration was the heroic Canadian born, Royal Air Force fighter pilot ace RUSSEL, F/O Blair Dalzell, DSO, DFC (C1319) - Officer, Order of Orange-Nassau with Swords (Netherlands) Awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 January 1948 and AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Public Records Office Air 2/9293 has recommendation drafted when he was a Wing Commander: In operational command of No.126 Wing, Royal Air Force, stationed at the aerodrome Volkel from September 1944 until February until April 1945, through his excellent work has greatly contributed to the liberation of the Netherlands. During World War II, the Order of Orange-Nassau was bestowed upon both members of the Netherlands military and members of foreign services who had helped liberate the Netherlands from Nazi Germany occupation, and those who helped liberate the former Dutch colonies in the Pacific. In the modern age, the Orange-Nassau is still the most active military and civil decoration of the Netherlands, and ranks after the Order of the Netherlands Lion. The Order is typically awarded each year on the Queen's official birthday (April 30) The Order is also used to honour foreign princes, ministers, dignitaries and diplomats. The second medal is the Dutch WW2 cross with 1940-45 bar (Oorlogsherinneringskruis) Followed by the Cross for Order and Peace, the Dutch medal for the police actions in the former Netherlands East Indies. This medal originates from 1947. The year clasps are given to an officer who was actually in armed combat with the Indonesian terrorists. Lastly the silver Officers Cross with year marking 'XXX' for 30 years service. The Dutch Navy at the beginning of the war with Germany in May 1940, consisted of 1 coastal defence ship, 5 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 27 submarines, 4 gun boats, 6 minelayers and other smaller vessels. The Dutch Navy fought in many parts of sea like North Sea, Mediterranean and the Pacific sea where the Dutch navy had to defend the Dutch colonies from the Japanese advance. Dutch naval forces had a contribution of sinking many enemy vessels, including 2 U-boats and also Japanese and even Italian submarines. But they also suffered many losses during the war, especially their submarine arm. They lost the coastal defence ship Soerabaja, the 3 cruisers De Ruyter, Java and Sumatra, 9 destroyers, 11 submarines and other smaller vessels. According to records the Royal Dutch Navy lost 59 warships during WWII [40%] Used by a Commander of a RNN U Boat, the Free Dutch Navy Submarine of WW2 HNMS O 19 (N 54)
A Most Interesting & Extremely Long Main Gauche Parrying Dagger With an early 17th century through pierced stiletto style long blade, with several brass armourers inlays. Downturned quillons spiral grip and cushion form pommel, later hilt, grip. The parrying dagger is a category of small hand-held weapons from the European late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. These weapons were used as off-hand weapons in conjunction with a single-handed sword. As the name implies they were designed to parry, or defend, more effectively than a simple dagger form, typically incorporating a wider guard, and often some other defensive features to better protect the hand, as well. It may also be used for attack if an opportunity arises. The general category includes two more specific kinds of weapon: sword breakers and trident daggers. The Renaissance main-gauche (French for "left hand", was used mainly to assist in defense by parrying incoming thrusts, while the dominant hand wields a rapier or similar longer weapon intended for one-handed use. 22.25 inch blade 25.75 inches long overall
A Most Interesting Brevet Colt Navy Long Barrel Pocket Revolver,.36 Cal In polished steel, overall scroll & foliate engraved with a most unusual engraved cylinder decorated with iron clad steam ships and a bridge, with beautifully patinated horn or ivory grips. Barrell stamped Address Col Colt London, cylinder has continental Belgian proof mark. The Pocket Navy calibre pistol is most scarce, and quite sought after as that it was a most useful, slightly reduced size, but still fired the large .36 calibre round. During the Civil War both protagonists required huge quantities of arms, and frankly, neither side could fulfill the required manufactured quantity, especially the South. Contractors were sent by both sides to scour Europe for arms, and Britain and Belgium became the dominant suppliers. This pistol is from the latter country, modelled on the Colt, and even marked as such. A jolly interesting and intrigueng arm from the most fascinating period of American 19th century history. Fully cocking action without half cock and the cylinder revolves comfortably. 11 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Curiosity of the Two One Artists Rifles SAS Mars Minerva Full Dress, Cross Belt Pattern Badge of the Two-One SAS 'Artists'. In white metal with two rear copper mounting pins with soft metal fixing. From the regimental supply shop, not issued, and around 50 years old. Technically this is a version of the silver officers issue badge, purchased from the SAS regimental shop, but the original is, as far as the collectors market is concerned, deemed 'unobtainable'. The original was meant to be silver, possibly hallmarked, but very few, if anyone at all, has ever seen that first silver badge. Of course the SAS [in all it's variations, such as reserve, intelligence et al ] and it's equivalent, the maritime version the SBS, is the most secretive of all the worlds military special ops combat services, and naturally, we have the best of reasons to justifiably believe it is also the best in the world. We have been privileged to have known many of it's past serving veterans, including some that served under Col Sterling, it's founder. Including the late Colonel Cameron, a local boy, who is one of the very few men who received his [well deserved] MC for gallantry and subsequently had it withdrawn for an indiscretion in later civilian retirement. However, although one can easily argue they are on the side of the angels, but they are certainly not angelic, and who would be foolish enough to want them to be. It is from this source that from whence this badge came, but this is not an 'official issue' badge. Also, however, it is not a modern anodised copy. In October 1945 the Special Air Service Regimental Association was formed with Colonel David Stirling DSO, OBE as its first President. The SAS was reformed in July 1947 under AO.78/1947 (dated 31 July 1947). This order was the Royal Warrant that reconstituted the Special Air Service Regiment and the Artists Rifles into the Army Air Corps with effect from 8 July 1947, ie., “that the SAS Regiment shall be reconstituted and be a component body of Our Army Air Corps”, “that the Artists Rifles (TA) shall henceforth be entitled the 21st Battalion, SAS Regiment, (Artists Rifles) (Territorial Army)”. AO.66/1950 (dated 31 May 1950) is the order, which disbanded the Army Air Corps and constituted the SAS Regiment as a separate Corps dated 13 May 1950.
A Most Interesting Edwardian, British Empire Nigerian Chief's Walking Staff With brass ball top bearing King Edward's crown, engraving for the Nigerian Chief [third class] and mounted upon a four foot six inch staff. It was part of the regalia and status symbol of the authority of a colonial chief in Colonial Nigeria. Influence of the British Empire on the territories which now form Nigeria began with prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in 1807. The resulting collapse of African slave trade led to the decline and eventual collapse of the Oyo Empire. British influence in the Niger area increased gradually over the 19th century, but Britain did not effectively occupy the area until 1885, and then under competition from France and Germany. The colonial period proper in Nigeria lasted from 1900 to 1960. In 1900, the Niger Coast Protectorate and some territories of the Royal Niger Company were united to form the Southern Nigeria Protectorate, while other Royal Niger Company territories became the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1914, the Northern and Southern Nigeria Protectorates were unified into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria while maintaining considerable regional autonomy among the three major regions. Progressive constitutions after World War II provided for increasing representation and electoral government by Nigerians. In October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence.
A Most Interesting French Post Chaise Horn. Brass Trumpet, Horn Mouthpiece. 19th century. In France and Switzerland in the Alp regions, as the post chaise drives around the numerous deadly bends, on the mountain passes, in the fog, the post chaise horn is blown to warn on-coming vehicles. Of course the British poste chaise used them as well but this one is French made. A post chaise, is a four-wheeled, closed carriage, containing one seat for two or three passengers, that was popular in 18th-century England and France. The body was of the coupé type, appearing as if the front had been cut away. Because the driver rode one of the horses, it was possible to have windows in front as well as at the sides. At the post chaise’s front end, in place of the coach box, was a luggage platform. The carriage was built for long-distance travel, and so horses were changed at intervals at posts (stations).In England, public post chaises were painted yellow and could be hired, along with the driver and two horses, for about a shilling a mile. The post chaise is descended from the 17th-century two-wheeled French chaise.
A Most Interesting Large Cal. Montenegrin Gasser 11mm Officers Revolver These were widely distributed through central Europe and the Balkans and were used by the Austro-Hungarian Army. After 1903, the company became Rast & Gasser until about 1912, when they went out of business. The "Montenegrin Gasser" revolvers were large-frame, large caliber, with 6-shot cylinders, usually in 11 mm. The first Model was the M1870. Subsequent "Montenegrins" featured minor changes in the original design and later models featured. Around 1910, the owner of Alfa Arms sold a sizeable shipment of these guns to Pancho Villa and his Mexican revolutionaries. Deluxe engraved with bone grips, action slipping. I catch break-spring away. This was also the type of gun used in the old Hollywood movies, set in Europe in the early 1900's, and WW1, such as 'The Prisoner of Zenda' starring Ronald Coleman and Douglas Fairbanks jnr. No licence required, not deactivated.
A Most Interesting Late 18th Century Eastern Wide Mouth Blunderbuss With a superb Damascus steel flared mouth barrel, with an EIC [East India Co.] style flintlock, fine walnut stock and iron mounts. Sling swivel mount to the offside for carrying on a belt while climbing rigging of a galleon, or for hooking onto a horse's saddle. The stock bears some fascinating armouer's 'in the field' repairs that have lasted some 200 years and should ideally never be removed. They are simplistic, yet they have been hugely effective and they certainly add an incredible amount of character to a flintlock gun already abundant in curiosity and flair. The flare at the muzzle is incredible and finishes off this wonderful characterful piece perfectly. This is just the kind of intimidating weapon as was used and carried by Corsairs, Janissaries protecting their masters, and those that need the maximum amount of protection and intimidation in equal measure. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Persian, 'Russian' Cossack Brigade Martini Henry Carbine One of the very scarce Belgian made Martini Henry marked Mascate [made for the Middle East Market, Franco-Belgian spelling for Muscat] and with the Imperial Russian Romanov eagle crest on the gun frame, that were acquired for the newly formed [in 1879 and 1880] Russian - Iranian Cossack Brigade of cavalry. Nasir al-Din Shah made a visit to Europe, and subsequent to this a Russian and Austrian mission came to Iran to re-organize the Iranian cavalry. The Russians formed what was known as the Cossack Brigade and Russian officers remained to command this new part of the Iranian Army. The brigade was part funded by Russia in the supply of Russian weapons, which created great influence for Russia in Iran, and the Austrian mission sold to the Iranian Minister of War, Na-ib al-Saltana, Werndle rifles, which were sold by him at great profit to the northern Iranian tribesmen. Many Martinis and Lee Metfords were acquired by 'Martini Khan' [who was said to be Shah] through Bushire from Muscat, and this is almost certainly one of those arms. It is the rare Romanov crest on the frame that shows that it was an arm that very likely went to the Cossack Brigade as opposed those that went to the non Russian commanded irregular units. This gun also has an Islamic inscription [mash'allah] frequently seen on the scarce 'Mascate' Martinis. See reference to the 'Muscate' Martinis in Firearms of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum by Robert Elgood. Decorated with leather and studwork. A fascinating gun with an incredibly interesting and circuitous Russian and Islamic history. Action works fine, some time long past the breech has been internally blocked to render inactive. Floridly engraved, now worn, similarly to the Romanov crest. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Relic Of Zeppelin Z4 And It's Accompanying Certificate In traditional old German gothic print. A translation goes as follows; Announcement Trying to keep alive in Germany, with a visible keepsake, the memory of the days of August 4 and 5, 1908, which, by the fly-past of the Airship of his Excellency Graf Zeppelin became a milestone in the progression of human civilisation. I have, from the metal parts of airship Z 4 received through our sister company of Carl Berg AG in Eveking manufactured a quantity of spoons with appropriate engraving. Every such spoon bearing this engraving is guaranteed to have been part of the remnants of Airship Z 4, exclusively recycled by me. Luedenscheid in September 1908 Wilhelm Berg Aluminumworks and Metal Goods Factory
A Most Intriguing 18th century Officer's Sabre With Armourer's Mark Brass stirrup hilt with fishskin grip and very unusual hinge assembled guard, that is not intended to open ??. The armourer's mark is a lion's face somewhat similar to the 18th century London silver hallmark. A beautiful sword with some most scarce features. 31.75 inch blade. Likely bespoke made but for what kind of officer?, that is the question. Research must be undertaken!
A Most Intriguing Carved Wooden Imprisoned Sino-Mongol Figure, An Okimono A charmingly carved wooden okimono of a Chinese or Mongol male in manacled wooden torture stocks. Possibly representing one of the Chinese invaders that tried unsucessfully to invade Japan. The kind of tortuous affair that was usually unique to the far east in ancient times. In fact the legendary Genghis Khan was imprisoned in such a terrible device when he was captured by another mongol leader as a youth before he grew into becoming the world greatest conquerer.The Mongol invasions of Japan of 1274 and 1281 were major military efforts undertaken by Kublai Khan to conquer the Japanese islands after the submission of Goryeo (Korea) to vassaldom. Ultimately a failure, the invasion attempts are of macrohistorical importance because they set a limit on Mongol expansion and rank as nation-defining events in Japanese history. The Mongol invasions are an early example of gunpowder warfare. One of the most notable technological innovations during the war was the use of explosive hand thrown bombs. The invasions are referred to in many works of fiction, and are the earliest events for which the word kamikaze, or "divine wind", is widely used (in this instance in reference to the storms faced by the Mongolian fleets). Prior to the American occupation of Japan at the end of World War II, these failed invasion attempts were the closest Japan had come to being conquered by a foreign power in the last 1,500 years. Very nicely carved and signed. Right foot a little chipped. 2.5 x 1.25 x 2 inches
A Most Intriguing King George IIIrd Tipstaff With Estate Crest A superb looking long tipstaff in fine colouring bearing the cypher of King George IIIrd and the estate name of Dysart, this may well encompass the town of Dysart in Scotland. 26.25 inches long. Top end unevenly worn down.
A Most Intriguing WW2 British Prisoner Of War Souvenir From His Escape Kit From a British officer who was liberated from his POW camp in 1944. The POW officers who were intending to escape often created a bespoke 'escape kit' in preparation of a break out. These kits often included forged documents, identity papers [essential] and German currency etc. In this particular case the officer came up with a topping wheeze of creating a forged SS armband. The SS when in civilian clothes would keep about their person an SS armband which they could adorn if the need arose, so that all and sundry about them, when in public, would know they were an SS officer, and thus he would not to be questioned, but if necessary obeyed. In theory, as an escapee, his thinking was, if there was checkpoint or a situation where members of the public were being questioned by officers of the Wehrmacht, by appearing to be an off-duty SS officer he would thus be left alone and possibly whisked through a checkpoint, in theory. This was potentially a jolly good idea, unless caught, when at that point it would have been a very, very, bad idea indeed. However, it was never put to the test as the Brit was liberated before he escaped, and his pseudo armband kept as a souvenir. It was constructed of red cotton, probably from a Nazi NSDAP flag, black cotton trim, and a black and white swastika, painted though for expediency, as opposed to printed or sown. When new it would have obviously looked a lot more convincing.
A Most Rare And Desirable Mauser Bayonet 1888 Of Earliest Machine Gun Troop Marked 2nd Guard Grenadier Machine Gewere No 14. From the very earliest Imperial German Machine Gun company of the elite 2nd Guard Grenadier regt. In 1908 the German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen-und-Munitionsfabriken was licensed to produce the British-designed Maxim machine gun. As well as making a 7.9-mm version for the German Army – the MG08 – the company also produced a 7.65-mm export version, the MG09, which was sold to Bulgaria, China, Romania and the Ottoman Empire. Although many were lost in the Balkan Wars, the MG09 was the machine gun used against the New Zealanders and other Allied troops at Gallipoli. The Ottoman Army received large quantities of MG08s once German military aid was resumed in 1916, and both types of machine gun were used by the Turks in the Sinai and Palestine campaigns. Both German Maxims had an effective range of 2000 m and fired at a rate of 300 rounds per minute. No scabbard.
A Most Rare Antique 17th to 18th Century Sinhalese Kastane Sword Interesting kastane with the carved wood makara pommel a recurved knuckleguard and two quillon also with the Makara head and counter quillon with Makara [5 in all]. The hilt is delictely inlaid with brass inlays as is the blade. A typical 17th to 18th century sword from ancient Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which was in ancient times known as the Kingdom of Lions (Sinhaladwipa) often termed Sinhala. The term Sinha is lion in Hindu. These lionheads in grotesque form are of course representing this heritage. The makara represents the Hindu water beast (fish/crocodile) ridden by Varuna. Pommel with small jaw section lacking.The kastane is the national sword of Sri Lanka. It typically has a short curved single-edged blade, double-edged at the point. The hilt comprises a knuckle-guard and down-turned quillons, each terminating in a dragon's head. The swords were intended to serve as badges of rank; the quality of ornamentation depending on the status of the wearer. The establishment of European trading contacts with South Asia by the late 16th and early 17th century led to these swords becoming fashionable dress accessories among European gentlemen. A kastane can be seen in an equestrian portrait of Colonel Alexander Popham at Littlecote House in the care of the Royal Armouries Collection (I.315).
A Most Rare Civil War Army 44 Cal. Revolver by Allen and Wheellock Serial numbered '76'. A big and substantial American martial pistol of the Civil War cavalry, and the Wild West era thereafter. This example is one of only around 700 examples ever made, and the first 536 of those were bought by contract by the Union Army for the Civil War. The first 198 were purchased from William Read & Sons of Boston on December 31, 1861, and the remainder came directly from the company. Many of that contract going to the Michigan Cavalry, this gun is amazingly only serial numbered as 76. These guns were made between 1861-1862. These centre hammer percussion revolvers are believed to have been made after the Allen & Wheelock lipfire cartridge Army & Navy production. The action is good and the surface finish is certainly good for it's age. The Michigan Brigade, sometimes called the Wolverines, the Michigan Cavalry Brigade or Custer's Brigade, was a brigade of cavalry in the volunteer Union Army during the latter half of the American Civil War. Composed primarily of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, 5th Michigan Cavalry, 6th Michigan Cavalry and 7th Michigan Cavalry, the Michigan Brigade fought in every major campaign of the Army of the Potomac from the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 to the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House in April 1865. The brigade first gained fame during the Gettysburg Campaign under the command of youthful Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer. After the war, several men associated with the brigade joined the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment and later fought again under Custer in the Old West frontier. An Allen & Wheelock Centre Hammer Percussion Army Revolver, Serial no 88, sold for $7,945.00 04/24/2006. But that example did have some original finish. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Rare Early J. Gordon Bennett Ballooning Cup Medal. Bronze J. Gordon Bennett Cup commemorative medal; Obverse: relief of the J. Gordon Bennett Trophy Cup depicted, embossed text "COUPE AERONAUTIQUE, J. GORDON BENNETT", inscribed text "WON BY THE AERO CLUB OF AMERICA, FRANK P. LAHM 1906, EDGAR W. MIX 1909, ALAN R. HAWLEY 1910"; Reverse: embossed text of the St. Regis hotel dinner menu. There is an example in the Smithsonian. The Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett, is the most prestigious event in aviation and the ultimate challenge for the balloon pilots and their equipment. The goal is simple: to fly the furthest distance from the launch site. The international balloon competition was initiated by adventurer and newspaper tycoon Gordon Bennett in 1906, when 16 balloons launched from the Tuileries Gardens in Paris, France. The reverse of the medal shows the menu of the celebration meal at the St Regis Hotel, March 29th 1911
A Most Rare Item; An Epitome of Brighton By R. Sickelmore 1815 Topographical and Descriptive. A most wonderous and elegant leather bound original volume, from the very zenith of Brighton's fashionable fame, as the recreational home of the Prince Regent [at his Pavilion palace], and for London's society. Brighton's popularity as the Prince Regent's favourite town was world renown, and this is a most rare guide to the town, it's neighbours, it's attractions and facilities, complete with coloured town map. An absloute essential guide for all the residing and visiting nobilty, but very few survive today. Cost when published six shillings, and still with an old 1930's bookstore price label of ten pounds.
A Most Rare King Charles Ist Hunting Sword, Scabbard and Baldric 1640's all steel hunting swords are pretty rare, but to have it's original scabbard and baldric is exceptionaly rare. This is the form of sword that was highly desirable in it's day as it's length made it extremely useful in all manner of uses, from hunting wild boar to use as a senior officer's naval cutlass. There are numerous portraits of British Admirals from the 1640's to 1750's each depicted armed with a similar form of hunting sword.
A Most Rare King James Iind 'Gun Money' Half Crown Coin Dated May 1690 Minted in Ireland for the War In Ireland. The title means exactly what it says! These coins were struck in Ireland and used to pay the common soldiers of James II's army, who were helping him to regain the English throne from William and Mary. Most historians believe that the foreign officers - mostly French, Spanish and Portuguese - refused to be paid in anything other than gold or silver.30 penny piece half crown. Gun money was an issue of coins made by the forces of James II during the Williamite War in Ireland between 1689 and 1691. They were minted in base metal (copper, brass or pewter), and were designed to be redeemed for silver coins following a victory by James II and consequently bore the date in months to allow a gradual replacement. As James lost the war, that replacement never took place, although the coins were allowed to circulate at much reduced values before the copper coinage was resumed. They were mostly withdrawn from circulation in the early 18th century. The name "gun money" stems from the idea that they were minted from melted down guns, they consisted mostly of old cannon or church bells, and they looked brassy or coppery according to the "mix". The main mint was at Dublin, but in 1690 - when Limerick was under siege until 1691 - a second mint was set up. There were two issues. The first "large" issue consisted of sixpences, shillings and half crowns (2½ shillings). The second, "small" issue consisted of shillings, halfcrowns and crowns (5 shillings). Some of the second issue were overstruck on large issue pieces, with shillings struck over sixpences, half crowns on shillings and crowns on half crowns. The most notable feature of the coins is the date, because the month of striking was also included. This was so that after the war (in the event of James' victory), soldiers would be able to claim interest on their wages, which had been withheld from proper payment for so long. Specimen strikings were produced in silver and gold for most months, and these tend to be extremely rare. Though all these coins are unique in having the month and date on them, as they are the only British coins to have this distinction. The war in Ireland the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691.
A Most Rare Matchlock Musket of the Elizabethan to Civil War Period A most long impressive and historically interesting musketeer's musket from the late Tudor to the Stuart period. A very rare musketeer's military arquebuss, that was used in warfare from the 1500's till the mid 1650's, in conjunction with a arquebuss rest, as the gun was so heavy and long.Used by a musketeers with his 12 apostles pre loaded with powder, this would prove to be a devastating weapon used at long and short distance. It has a long octagonal tapered iron barrel terminating with a later, bronze three stage ring and octogonal muzzle piece. At the breech, on the top strap, is a long tubular facetted and moulded peep site, and to the ignition side is the integral touchhole pan with a rotating pivoted pan cover. The later stock is in plain timber of either walnut or beech. The lock, with a later plate, is typically simple lever that lowers the taper arm into the pan. One of the greatest scientists of the Middle Ages was Roger Bacon, born in 1241 in Somerset, England. Between 1257 and 1265, Bacon wrote a book of chemistry called Opus Majus which contained a recipe for gunpowder. The earliest picture of a gun is in a manuscript dated 1326 showing a pear-shaped cannon firing an arrow. Crude cannons were used by King Edward III against the Scots in the following year. In general, the design of the firearm components has remained almost unchanged since the first hand-held weapons were built - except for the ignition system. The earliest guns had a simple hole in the barrel, called a touch-hole, where the powder inside the barrel was exposed. The gun was fired by touching either a burning wick, taper or a red-hot iron to the exposed gun powder. Over the centuries, the development of more sophisticated and reliable ignition systems distinguished later period guns from earlier ones.The one real advantage the musketeers possessed was the intimidation factor which their weapons provided. The first important use of musketeers was in 1530 when Francis I organized units of arquebusiers or matchlock musketeers in the French army. By 1540 the matchlock design was improved to include a cover plate over the flash pan which automatically retracted as the trigger was pressed. The matchlock was the primary firearm used in the conquering of the New World. In time, the Native Americans (Indians) discovered the weaknesses of this form of ignition and learned to take advantage of them. Even Henry Hudson was defeated by an Indian surprise attack in 1609 due to unlit matches. The matchlock was introduced by Portuguese traders to Eastern countries around 1498, particularly India and Japan, and was used by them well into the 19th century. 63 inches long overall,
A Most Rare Napoleonic Wars British Cannon Brush. For Navy And Army Ideal for an army or navy cannon collector, or an artillery or British Royal Navy historian. From King George IIIrd period 1790's to 1815. So few of these survive that this is the first we have had to offer in over 30 years. Most likely due to when found, so few people might recognise it for what it truly is, and just how rare. Turned haft, turned barrel form brush mount, full original bristle head. In fact we can't recall on the past four visits we made to the Victory that we saw a single surving cannon brush on display at all. See in one of our illustrative paintings an officer using one to take a Polish Lancer off his mount. At the Battle of Trafalgar, the ship carried 104 guns spread over four decks. Whilst fewer than the 161 guns the British army had at the Battle of Waterloo, Victory’s guns were far larger and therefore more powerful; all of the cannonballs in Victory’s first broadside fired at the Battle of Trafalgar weighed 1.25 tons! At the height of battle the gun’s 12-man crew achieved a rate of fire of one round every ninety seconds. Lewis Roatley, Victory’s 20-year-old 2nd Marine Lieutenant wrote ‘A man should witness a battle in a three-decker from the middle deck, for it beggars all description: it bewilders the senses of sight and hearing.’ Overall 59 inches long,
A Most Rare Original WW2 German ‘Hertz Horn’ Mine Mount Made in lead alloy a tube that was filled with glass liners containing bio chromatic chemicals in order to break upon contact and ignite the mine in order to sink the allied ship. Used on such as the German Type GZ (the German designation was UMA). It had a small charge of only 66 pounds of high explosive because it was intended as an anti-submarine mine. Anti-shipping mines had much larger charges.
A Most Rare Royal Naval 'Admirals' Sword With Open Pierced Gothic Hilt Pierced open hilt with laurel wreath surrounded fouled anchor, that traditionally represents for use by a Flag Officer or Admiral of the Royal Navy, as would also the carved ivory hilt grip. This sword was commissioned in 1830. It bears an etched pipe back blade with the cypher of King William IVth. This is a superb and very rare Royal Naval senior officers sword from the early 19th century, and we know of only one other just like it, and that resides in the British Maritime Museum Collection. Swords of this very rare form are described, in the pre-eminent standard work 'Swords for Sea Service' by May and Annis, Volume 1, page 43. Very few of this sword type exist, and they describe them as being made around the 1827-28 period, at the very cusp when the new regulations for naval officer's pattern swords were being set, when a few sword makers were pre-empting the regulations before being fully aware of their officially designated pattern. It certainly resembles the later, officially adopted 1827 pattern, but this example has rare features that were not adopted, such as a fully pierced open guard, and the flag officer and admirals wreathed anchor set within the guard that was only used on the later mameluke pattern admirals sword. In the National Maritime Museum collection there is just one similar, with a pipe back blade, just as this one, with a lion pommel with mane back strap, open pierced guard and a carved ivory 'admirals' grip. According to May and Annis it is concluded that they were anonomolous variants, and although used in service, very little of them is actually known, and they are very rarely ever seen. An absolute must for the collector of the various patterns of British Naval swords, and for the collector of rare British service swords. In forty years we have never seen quite it's like before other than in the museum, and that is by comparison to the thousands of standard naval officers swords that we have had and sold. In the gallery we show two portraits of RN Admirals, of Admiral Thomas Hardy, Nelson's heroic captain, great friend, and subordinate at Trafalgar. He is shown with his 1830 admirals sword with it's carved ivory grip, and Rear Admiral Thomas Barker with his. Sir Thomas Baker KCB, KWN (1771 – 26 January 1845) was an officer of the Royal Navy, who saw service during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He had obtained his own command during the French Revolutionary Wars and was to play a part in bringing about three of the battles of the Napoleonic Wars, the Battle of Copenhagen, the Battle of Trafalgar, and the Battle of Cape Ortegal. He only directly participated in the third, but his actions there, and the capture of the French frigate Didon (1805) beforehand brought him honours and rewards. While towing the Didon to a British port, he and another vessel were sighted by the combined Franco-Spanish fleet under Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, and mistaken as scouts for the Channel Fleet. He therefore turned south to Cadiz, leading to the abandonment of the planned invasion of England, and the destruction of the French fleet at Trafalgar by Horatio Nelson some months later. He rose through the ranks after the end of the wars with France, and was commander of the South American station during Charles Darwin's voyage aboard HMS Beagle. He eventually died with the rank of vice-admiral in 1845 after a long and distinguished career. Both of these admirals would have very likely known the owner of this sword well, and he would have been of similar status standing and repute of these two great maritimers. No scabbard.
A Most Rare Set Of 12 Original Photographs Of The General Nobile Expedition Original Polar Expeditions collectables are most highly desirable and we have been delighted to acquire two such connected lots. These are 12 original photographic postcards, published at the time, by two publishers, Traldi and Ballerini & Fratini. For example one is entitled "La Spedizione Nobile - 11 - Esplorazioni di Alpini." Ed. A. Traldi, Milan, n.d. c. 1928. and another "General Nobile to edge of Italy before leaving." Umberto Nobile January 21, 1885 – July 30, 1978) was an Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi-rigid airships during the Golden Age of Aviation between the two World Wars. He is primarily remembered for designing and piloting the airship Norge, which may have been the first aircraft to reach the North Pole, and which was indisputably the first to fly across the polar ice cap from Europe to America. Nobile also designed and flew the Italia, a second polar airship; this second expedition ended in a deadly crash and provoked an international rescue effort.The N-class airship Italia was slowly completed and equipped for Polar flight during 1927-28. Part of the difficulty was in raising private funding to cover the costs of the expedition, which finally was financed by the city of Milan; the Italian government limited its direct participation to providing the airship and sending the aging steamer Città di Milano as a support vessel to Svalbard, under the command of Giuseppe Romagna. This time the airship used a German hangar at Stolp en route to Svalbard and the mast at Vadsø (Northern Norway). On May 23, 1928, after an outstanding 69 hour long flight to the Siberian group of Arctic islands, the Italia commenced its flight to the North Pole with Nobile as both pilot and expedition leader. On May 24, the ship reached the Pole and had already turned back toward Svalbard when it ran into a storm. On May 25, the Italia crashed onto the pack ice less than 30 kilometres north of Nordaustlandet (Eastern part of Svalbard). Of the 16 men in the crew, ten were thrown onto the ice as the gondola was smashed; the remaining six crewmen were trapped in the buoyant superstructure as it ascended skyward due to loss of the gondola; the fate of the six men was never resolved. One of the ten men on the ice, Pomella, died from the impact; Nobile suffered a broken arm, broken leg, broken rib and head injury; Cecioni suffered two badly broken legs; Malmgren suffered a severe shoulder injury and suspected injury to a kidney; and Zappi had several broken ribs. The crew managed to salvage several items from the crashed airship gondola, including a radio transceiver, a tent which they later painted red for maximum visibility, and, critically, packages of food and survival equipment which quick-witted engineer Ettore Arduino had managed to throw onto the ice before he and his five companions were carried off to their deaths by the wrecked but still airborne airship envelope and keel. As the days passed, the drifting sea ice took the survivors towards Foyn and Broch islands. A few days after the crash the Swedish meteorologist Malmgren and Nobile's second and third in command Mariano and Zappi decided to leave the immobile group and march towards land. Malmgren, who was injured, weakened and reportedly still depressed over his meteorological advice that he felt contributed to the crash, asked his two Italian companions to continue without him. These two were picked up several weeks later by the Soviet icebreaker "Krasin". However there were persistent rumors that Malmgren was killed and cannibalized by Zappi and Mariano
A Most Rare WW2 German Mine Rescue Honour Medal Silver plate over hard metal base with eagle/swastika over crossed hammers to the obverse, and the dedication, 'Für Verdienste im Gruben-wehrwessen' to the reverse. Lacking ribbon. IInd class.
A Most Rare, Original German Zeppellin Award. Maker marked German Zeppelin crew award. Issued after the end of The Great War, in 1920, this badge was given to those servicemen who were assigned to either the Army and Navy Zeppelin Air services. Around 1000 were made for the Army and 1500 for the Navy and 1000 for ground crew. We believe this is a Navy example with the crown removed. Possibly to be worn as an Army badge. Two propaganda postcards are shown in the gallery showing the Zeppellins, two of them coming over to England ahead of the German fleet, and the other over the coast of England in 1915 [not included]
A Most Resplendent, Victorian, Royal Horse Guards Fanfare Trumpet Banner Rarely seen or available these wondrous pieces of magnificent, British, Royal Household regalia were never made for use other than for royal service within the bodyguard of the reigning British monarch. They were and are always made of the finest quality materials, such as silk, purest gold and silver, by craftsmen and women with superlative skill and dedication. When taken from service these wonderful pieces were more often than not hung in churches or cathedrals to commemorate men or officers of the Household Cavalry lost in battle. This banner is composed of crimson silk damask, embroidered with the 1837 Royal Arms of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, in silks, gold and silver bullion wire. Edged with a gold thread fringe. It is now in faded and worn condition as to be expected for a piece of such age and use. The present royal service trumpet banner conforms to the design type first introduced in the reign of Charles II (1660-1685). The history of the Band of The Life Guards began when King Charles II entered London accompanied by a throng of 20,000 horse and foot on his birthday, 29th May 1660. On this day, commemorated as Oakapple Day in recognition of his escape when a fugitive by hiding in the Boscobel Oak Tree, it is recorded that, at the public entry into London, he was escorted by three troops of The Life Guards each preceded by it’s own kettledrummer and four trumpeters. The origins of the Band you hear today derive from this proud occasion. At this time the use of kettledrums and trumpets was confined to the Army and the nobility and, even among the Kings troops. The Life Guards alone had the privilege of using kettledrums. The musicians held warrants of appointment from the King were paid at the rate of five shillings per day. In 1678 they wore uniforms of velvet, silver laced, and their instruments had richly embroidered and trimmed banners, the whole cost defrayed by the King. This is the origin of the State Dress worn to this day by the Band and Trumpeters. The design was based on that of the King’s racing colours and, when Parliament refused to cover the full cost of the Gold Coats, the Lord Mayor of London met the outstanding debt. In recognition of this he is the only person outside the Royal Family for whom Gold Coats are worn. The Royal Horse Guards were formed in 1661 from cavalry of the former New Model Army and were given the nickname of the Oxford Blues, in recognition of their first colonel, the Earl of Oxford, and to their blue uniforms. It is recorded that from the outset that the Regiment had kettledrummers and trumpeters. In 1661 the Tangier Horse was raised for service on the Mediterranean coast of Africa. By 1702 the Tangier had changed to a Dragon Regiment and evolved to be The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) and had a band consisting of 8 drummers and 8 hautbois (an early form of oboe). Soon after, in 1710, kettledrummers were added and in 1766 the drummers were converted to trumpeters. The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) had also acquired trumpeters and drummers and in 1805 King George III personally presented a pair of solid silver kettledrums as testimony to their ‘Honourable and Military conduct on all occasions’. These kettledrums continue to be used today and can be seen carried and played by the mounted drummer on the Queen’s Birthday Parade on Horse Guards. In 1969 The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) amalgamated with 1st The Royal Dragoons (The Royals) to become The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons). This banner would have been used in the eras of; First Opium War 1839–1842 First Anglo Marri War 1840 First Anglo-Sikh War 1845–1846 Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852–1853 Crimean War 1853–1856 Anglo-Persian War 1856–1857 Second Opium War 1856–1860 Indian Rebellion 1857 New Zealand land wars 1845–1872 Second Anglo-Sikh War 1848–1849 Second Ashanti War 1863–1864 Bhutan War 1864–1865 Third Ashanti War 1873–1874 Second Anglo-Afghan War 1878–1880 Anglo-Zulu War 1879 Second Anglo Marri War 1880 First Boer War 1880–1881 Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885 Mahdist War 1891–1899 Fourth Ashanti War 1894 Anglo-Zanzibar War 1896 Shortest war in history lasted 38 minutes Boxer Rebellion 1899–1901 Second Boer War 1899–1902 Framed and glazed in a simple modern gilt frame. It could be so much complimented by a fine antique Georgian or Victorian frame
A Most Scarce 52nd Regt, of Light Infantry Pioneer Sword This sword is an absolute beauty, and such a rare piece from the late Georgian era. It has a stunning cast brass hilt with a superb cast lion pommel and the regiment number of the 52nd and the Light Infantry Bugle. This sword was made specifically for the 52nd and we very rarely see examples of it from one decade to the next. Most examples have the saw back form, but this is the adapted, back-sword blade with double edged fore-section. Overall 29.5 inches long, blade 24 inches.
A Most Scarce and Attractive Irish Guards WW1 Officer's Trench Wrist Watch This is a most handsome watch used by an officer, a 2nd Lieutenant in the Irish Guards, a brother officer of fellow Irish Guards officer, John Kipling, son of one of England's greatest poets and novelists, Rudyard Kipling, who was declared missing presumed killed, at Loos 1915.The watch has a top winding crown. The watch has the very desirable, screw front, nickel case, and measures 39mm. Crown and cathedral hands are all original and really attractive. The movement is unsigned, Swiss made and running well and keeping time. Separate second dial, good numerals. Acquired with the officer's portrait miniature and his campaign eating set. The Irish Guards were formed on 1st April 1900 by order of HRH Queen Victoria to commemorate the bravery of the Irish people who fought in the Boer war. The Irish Guards played a major part in both World Wars, winning a total of six Victoria Crosses including the last to be presented in the Second World War and have seen armed conflict in many parts of the world since 1945. The strength of the Regiment on mobilisation in 1914 was 997. During the Great War 293 Officers and 9340 Other Ranks served as Irish Guardsmen of whom 115 Officers and 2235 Other Ranks gave their lives and a further 195 Officers and 5541 Other Ranks were wounded. The numbers don't add up because some of the individuals were wounded more than once and are counted accordingly. On the 8th September 1914 the Battle of Marne started and this was to be the turning point when the German advance from Mons was halted just east of Paris, and the Allies began the advance northwards towards AINSE where the 1st Battalion crossed by pontoon on the 14th September 1914. In mid-October the BEF was moved to cover the Channel Ports and from the 21st October to the 12th November 1914 the 1st Battalion fought continuously in the first battle of YPRES, losing more than 700 men. That winter saw the beginning of the long period of trench-warfare, which lasted until the final battles in 1918. Life consisted of mostly monotony, often intense discomfort from the cold and mud, but with an ever-increasing number of casualties from the shelling, machine guns, sniping, mortaring, mining and raids. From time to time they took part in great set-piece battles such as FESTUBERT, LOOS (this was the first time the Regiment's newly formed 2nd Battalion was in action) THE SOMME, YPRES, CAMBRAI and ARRAS. Each success or failure meant a few hundred yards gained or lost, but the lists of casualties were always large, right up until the last great offensives of the German army in 1918. The collapse of the Russian revolution in 1917 meant that the German eastern front was closed enabling them to redeploy those involved to the western front and against the Allies. On the 21st March sixty-four German Divisions were flung against the point where the British and French Armies met at HAZEBROUCK. The Germans were nearly successful in their attempt to reach the Channel Ports, however the tide was turned during the summer and in August 1918 the Allied Armies took the offensive at places such as HINDENBURG LINE and CANAL NORD. By November 1918 Germany was defeated and the Armistice was signed on the 11th November 1918, by which time the 1st Battalion were at MAUBEUGE, which was only a few miles from MONS, where they had first come under fire in 1914. Acquired with his trench watch and campaign, All to be sold separately. We do not know the officer's name unfortunately but it could possibly be traced through vintage officer group photos.
A Most Scarce and Beautiful 19th Cent Polychrome Enamel Cossack Kindjal Rare Russian/Caucasian Romanov era short sword kindjal with silver inlaid double fullered blade, with an armour piercing tip, and all copper-bronze hilt and scabbard mounts, entirely decorated with Russian naïve style multi coloured enamel work. Wooden scabbard beneath the mounts with a red velvet covered centre panel, a multi twist silver wire join, and the velvet is now entirely faded out of colour. This kind of enamel work is more often seen on Russian icons or triptych from this era. It was made between the Turkish Ottoman Empire and the Caucasus region within the Russian, Romanov Empire. The Kuban Cossacks (Russian Kubanskiye Kazaki) were Cossacks who lived in the Kuban region of Russia. Although numerous Cossack groups came to inhabit the Western Northern Caucasus most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of the Black Sea Cossack Host, (originally the Zaporozhian Cossacks) and the Caucasus Line Cossack Host. The Kuban Cossack Host was the administrative and military unit from 1860-1918. The native land of the Cossacks is defined by a line of Russian/Ruthenian town-fortresses located on the border with the steppe and stretching from the middle Volga to Ryazan and Tula, then breaking abruptly to the south and extending to the Dnieper via Pereyaslavl. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts. These people, constantly facing the Tatar warriors on the steppe frontier, received the Turkic name Cossacks (Kazaks), which was then extended to other free people in northern Russia. The oldest reference in the annals mentions Cossacks of the Russian city of Ryazan serving the city in the battle against the Tatars in 1444. In the 16th century, the Cossacks (primarily those of Ryazan) were grouped in military and trading communities on the open steppe and started to migrate into the area of the Don (source Vasily Klyuchevsky, The course of the Russian History, vol.2). Cossacks served as border guards and protectors of towns, forts, settlements and trading posts, performed policing functions on the frontiers and also came to represent an integral part of the Russian army. In the 16th century, to protect the borderland area from Tatar invasions, Cossacks carried out sentry and patrol duties, observing Crimean Tatars and nomads of the Nogai Horde in the steppe region. The most popular weapons used by Cossack cavalrymen were usually sabres, or shashka, but all Cossacks traditionally carried a Kindjal. Russian Cossacks played a key role in the expansion of the Russian Empire into Siberia (particularly by Yermak Timofeyevich), the Caucasus and Central Asia in the period from the 16th to 19th centuries. Cossacks also served as guides to most Russian expeditions formed by civil and military geographers and surveyors, traders and explorers. In 1648 the Russian Cossack Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a passage between North America and Asia. Cossack units played a role in many wars in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (such as the Russo-Turkish Wars, the Russo-Persian Wars, and the annexation of Central Asia). During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, Cossacks were the Russian soldiers most feared by the French troops. Napoleon himself stated "Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them." Cossacks also took part in the partisan war deep inside French-occupied Russian territory, attacking communications and supply lines. These attacks, carried out by Cossacks along with Russian light cavalry and other units, were one of the first developments of guerrilla warfare tactics and, to some extent, special operations as we know them today. Western Europeans had had few contacts with Cossacks before the Allies occupied Paris in 1814. As the most exotic of the Russian troops seen in France, Cossacks drew a great deal of attention and notoriety for their alleged excesses during Napoleon's 1812 campaign. . It is certainly easy to understand why displaced craftsmen would begin to apply decorative techniques in different circumstances than were customary in their home cities, including enamel workers. Traditional artifcats such as icon, triptych and kovsh were often enameled, either on silver or copper bronze, but quite scarcely seen on weaponry such as this, other than the finest pieces on presentation sword hilts for the Czar, princes or generals. It was most popular and famous with Russian craftsman such as Faberge, maker to the Czar, but naturally all his work was marked with his makers stamp, and of more refined in quality and almost always on silver. This piece bears no makers marks.
A Most Scarce and Beautiful Antique Balinese Executioner's Keris The hilt is a gilt metal figure modelled likely as Bayu, Hindu god of wind, seated on a rock, his right hand holding the flask with life-elixer, the left a part of his shawl, his face with ferocious expression and bulging eyes studded with coloured glass-beads. It has a very nice very long blade of the excecutioner's form. This is a nice piece and a most unusually seen variation of these interesting weapons, called the Kris or Keris. Good antique gold coloured metal hilts of Bayu, studded with glass beads such as this, are most collectable and they occassionally appear, on the collector's market, frequently mounted on a base, without their blades, and sold as Asian Object D'art. In Sale No.2501, at Christie's, their sale of Asian Ceramics and Works of Art, on the 8 May 2001, in Amsterdam, a gold coloured metal figure of this very kind, also studded with similar glass beads, sold for $9,390 US Dollars.
A Most Scarce German WW2 Officer's Sword Bag. Original bag made by the swordmakers for officer's to transit their swords on campaign. Very good condition overall for age. Brushed cotton with grey cotton piping. Made with a single hole to one side for the scabbard ring mount protrusion. Universal size for all patterns. 40 inches long overall.
A Most Scarce German WW2 Purple Piped Nebeltruppe Cap [Smoke Troops]. In good condition for age. A little light mothing, nicely supplier marked, and a good unusual cap ideal for the collector of desirable German army caps of WW2. Nebeltruppen smoke troops are general chemical warfare troops, who were trained for both smoke and gas operations, and in the event of chemical warfare breaking out, the offensive role will be borne primarily by them. Specifically with reference to the use of smoke, it should be borne in mind that when smoke is required in limited areas it is produced generally by smoke-producing ammunition fired by the combat units' organic weapons, such as artillery and mortars; in operations involving the use of smoke in large quantities the specially trained and equipped, smoke troops are used. A number of these units was reported destroyed at Stalingrad. Three smoke batteries were also reported in North Africa. It was known that the Grossdeutschland Division and probably 20 divisions formed since December 1941, include an organic smoke battery. "It is well to point out here that the Germans distinguish between the blinding screen and the area screen, a distinction not specifically made by General von Cochenhausen. The blinding screen is laid to blind hostile observation. The area screen is laid over an extensive area and fighting is carried out within the screen under conditions similar to a natural thick fog." The previous details were in part taken from a report on German smoke tactics in WWII, from Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 32, August 26, 1943. US War Dept.
A Most Scarce Japanese Military Arm Band Of WW2 These armbands we worn as symbols of leadership or position by such men as the Military Kempetai [Japanese Gestapo] and those appointed as so called 'Official Business' officers. They were empowered to a position of authority for all manner of different tasks from policing to security and beyond. The Kempeitai was the military police arm of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1881 to 1945. It was not a conventional military police, but more of a secret police like Nazi Germany's Gestapo. While it was institutionally part of the Imperial Japanese Army, it also discharged the functions of the military police for the Imperial Japanese Navy under the direction of the Admiralty Minister (although the IJN had its own much smaller Tokkeitai), those of the executive police under the direction of the Interior Minister, and those of the judicial police under the direction of the Justice Minister. A member of the corps was called a kempei
A Most Scarce Luftwaffe General's Visor Cap Wreath and Cockade Gilt metal one piece wreath and cockade. I pin mount remaining. Made for a Luftwaffe General, such as Fighter Ace and later General, Adolf Galand. An invaluable original rarity if one needs one. A good, original, complete, Luftwaffe general's visor cap would be up to £3,000 or so.
A Most Scarce Mid 18th Century English Dragoon Pistol With GR Crown lock, early part land pattern type furniture with later percussion conversion action. Used in the Anglo French Indian Wars in America in the 1750's & 60's. The Seven Years’ War (called the French and Indian War in the colonies) lasted from 1756 to 1763, forming a chapter in the imperial struggle between Britain and France called the Second Hundred Years’ War. In the early 1750s, France’s expansion into the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought it into conflict with the claims of the British colonies, especially Virginia. During 1754 and 1755, the French defeated in quick succession the young George Washington, Gen. Edward Braddock, and Braddock’s successor, Governor William Shirley of Massachusetts. In 1755, Governor Shirley, fearing that the French settlers in Nova Scotia (Acadia) would side with France in any military confrontation, expelled hundreds of them to other British colonies; many of the exiles suffered cruelly. Throughout this period, the British military effort was hampered by lack of interest at home, rivalries among the American colonies, and France’s greater success in winning the support of the Indians. In 1756 the British formally declared war (marking the official beginning of the Seven Years’ War), but their new commander in America, Lord Loudoun, faced the same problems as his predecessors and met with little success against the French and their Indian allies. The tide turned in 1757 because William Pitt, the new British leader, saw the colonial conflicts as the key to building a vast British empire. Borrowing heavily to finance the war, he paid Prussia to fight in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for raising troops in North America. In July 1758, the British won their first great victory at Louisbourg, near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. A month later, they took Fort Frontenac at the western end of the river. Then they closed in on Quebec, where Gen. James Wolfe won a spectacular victory on the Plains of Abraham, September 1759 (though both he and the French commander, the Marquis de Montcalm, were fatally wounded). With the fall of Montreal in September 1760, the French lost their last foothold in Canada. Soon, Spain joined France against England, and for the rest of the war Britain concentrated on seizing French and Spanish territories in other parts of the world.
A Most Scarce Police Lantern For Special Patrols In WW1 Maker marked and dated 1917. Used for special protection patrols, and on railway protection in order to warn oncoming trains for imminent danger from Zeppelin raids. Also used in Railway marshalling yards. a larger than usual example, with oil lamp, and concealing light fitting [but lacking catch] for officers to conceal themselves, without being seen, but availing the officer with instant access to light. Also vital for long distance signaling. Small crack to lens.
A Most Scarce Reading Borough Police Cutlass No 53 Circa 1840 The Reading Borough Police was a police force for the borough of Reading in the United Kingdom. The force was created in 1836, at which time it had a strength of 30 constables, two sergeants and two inspectors. With brass hilt, sharkskin bound grip brass and leather scabbard., and blade etched with R.B.P No 53. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards. Which was to a regular patrol made in order to prevent body snatchers from defiling late burials, and the stealing of bodies, for medical experimentation. This was a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from 'grave' assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well. Small loss to top of grip and leather stitching on the scabbard separated.
A Most Scarce Royal Guernsey Light Infantry Helmet Plate Circa 1916 Royal Guernsey Light Infantry was a regiment in the British Army that was formed from the Royal Guernsey Militia in 1916 to serve in World War I. They fought as part of the British 29th Division. Of the 2280 Guernseymen who fought on the western front with the RGLI, 327 died and 667 were wounded. Many Guernsey men had already volunteered for regiments in the British Army before the RGLI was formed. The RGLI was created because there was no Guernsey-named regiment to underline the island's devotion to the Crown. The regimental motto, Diex Aix, derives from the battle cry used by the Normans at the Battle of Hastings. The Regiment lives on in the Guernsey Army Cadet Force (Det.) Light Infantry, who, although they do not wear the RGLI Cap Badge, still keep alive the history of the Regiment within the Detachment.
A Most Scarce Spanish Peninsular War, 1796 Pattern Bilboa Cavalry Sword A fabulous, original, example of these scarce rapier type Spanish 18th century broadswords. The hilt is in superb order, with excellent wire bound grip and large shaped bowl, as is the very long broadsword blade. In 1796 (although there is a controversy around the precise date) a new model sword for Spanish cavalry troopers was adopted. This beautiful example, showing very classic lines and a very similar construction to the previous pattern, presents an almost full cup-hilt in a rapier style, curved quillons and knuckle-bow. The blade was very similar to that of 1728 pattern, having these dimensions: length 940 mm, width 35, thickness 6 mm. Alongside the later 1803 pattern change these were predominantly used by cavalry at the Battle of Baylen, the crushing defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armee in the Spanish invasion. Battle of Baylen Fought July 19, 1808, between 15,000 Spaniards under Castaflos, and 20,000 French under Dupont. The French were totally defeated with a loss of over 2,000 men, and Dupont surrendered with his whole army. The Battle of Bailén [Baylen] was contested in 1808 between the Spanish Army of Andalusia, led by Generals Francisco Castaños and Theodor von Reding, and the Imperial French Army's II corps d'observation de la Gironde under General Pierre Dupont de l'Étang. The heaviest fighting took place near Bailén (sometimes anglicized Baylen), a village by the Guadalquivir river in the Jaén province of southern Spain. In June 1808, following the widespread uprisings against the French occupation of Spain, Napoleon organized French units into flying columns to pacify Spain's major centres of resistance. One of these, under General Dupont, was dispatched across the Sierra Morena and south through Andalusia to the port of Cádiz where an French naval squadron lay at the mercy of the Spanish. The Emperor was confident that with 20,000 men, Dupont would crush any opposition encountered on the way.[7] Events proved otherwise, and after storming and plundering Córdoba in July, Dupont retraced his steps to the north of the province to await reinforcements. Meanwhile, General Castaños, commanding the Spanish field army at San Roque, and General von Reding, Governor of Málaga, travelled to Seville to negotiate with the Seville Junta—a patriotic assembly committed to resisting the French incursions—and to turn the province's combined forces against the French. Dupont's failure to leave Andalusia proved disastrous. Between 16 and 19 July, Spanish forces converged on the French positions stretched out along villages on the Guadalquivir and attacked at several points, forcing the confused French defenders to shift their divisions this way and that. With Castaños pinning Dupont downstream at Andújar, Reding successfully forced the river at Mengibar and seized Bailén, interposing himself between the two wings of the French army. Caught between Castaños and Reding, Dupont attempted vainly to break through the Spanish line at Bailén in three bloody and desperate charges, losing more than 2,500 men. His counterattacks defeated, Dupont called for an armistice and was compelled to sign the Convention of Andújar which stipulated the surrender of almost 18,000 men, making Bailén the worst disaster and capitulation of the Peninsular War, and the first major defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armée. When news of the catastrophe reached the French high command in Madrid, the result was a general retreat to the Ebro, abandoning much of Spain to the insurgents. France's enemies in Spain and throughout Europe cheered at this first check to the hitherto unbeatable Imperial armies[8]—tales of Spanish heroism inspired Austria and showed the force of nation-wide resistance to Napoleon, setting in motion the rise of the Fifth Coalition against France.
A Most Scarce, Free Polish, Second Infantry Fusiliers Division, Medal, 1942 A very rarely seen Free Polish Army medal awarded at Christmas in 1942, to the Free Polish Army, 2nd Division, that fought in the Battle of France to defend Paris, and retreated to escape the German advance, to Switzerland, to then be interned. The medal has a Polish Eagle to the centre,and within the rim, Boze Narodze w Szajcar.I.I. D.S.P. On the obverse, a bust of a soldier, facing left, within the rim, Noel En Suisse Des Internes 1942. Signed. Huquenin. Awarded to Polish soldiers interned in Switzerland. 30.5 mm with eyelet. White metal silver plated. After Poland's defeat after the joint Russian and German invasion, the government in exile quickly organized in France a new fighting force originally of about 80,000 men. Their units were subordinate to the French Army. Meanwhile an Anglo-Polish Naval Agreement on 18 November 1939 organised the serving of Polish Naval units alongside the Royal Navy. And in early 1940 a Polish Highland Brigade took part in the Battles of Narvik in Norway. A Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade was formed in French-mandated Syria, to which many Polish troops had escaped from Poland. Two Polish divisions (First Grenadier Division, and Second Infantry Fusiliers Division) took part in the defence of France, while a Polish motorized brigade and two infantry divisions were being formed. During these dramatic events a number of Poles escaped across the Romanian, Czech and Hungarian borders and eventually joined the Polish Forces in France. Other Poles were captured by the advancing Soviet Army and taken as forced labour to Siberia and Northern Russia. The Polish Nation was divided: this effectively created the strands of two stories. Poles in France formed and trained. Some Poles were sent to the defence of Norway and were with the British in the spring of 1940. The combined British, French and Polish Force saw action against the Germans at Narvik in Norway and was eventually evacuated 10 May 1940. Germany attacked France on 26 May 1940. The Free Polish Forces prepared to defend Paris. But the Battle for France was over quickly and on 22 June an armistice was signed between Germany and France. The capitulation by the French again left them in a quandary. Units continued to fight despite Pétain’s disgraceful call for armistice and demobilization on 16th June 1940 while the Poles covered the retreat. Polish units were cut off by the retreat and many decided to sneak around German strongholds to avoid capture (Piotowski, 1943). Brigadier-General Bronislaw Prugar-Kietling defended the Belfort area with 545 senior officers, 2,373 officers and 12,912 troops. The First Division fought on until the 18th June and the 2nd Division decided to escape across the border into Switzerland on the 20 - 21st June 1940. Brigadier-General Prugar-Kietling crossed into Switzerland at 5.30am as the first German tanks overran the remains of the Franco-Polish defences. At the border the Polish soldiers abandoned their arms and became interned under the control and protection of General Henri Guisan. After the war's end, to the principal allies eternal shame, the Free Polish forces were not even permitted to partake in the British Victory parade through the streets of London, in order not to offend 'Uncle' Joe Stalin, even though tens of thousands of Poles had fought and died alongside their allied brethren throughout the whole war. Although, to Britain's great credit, we principally entered the war in defence of Poland, and not in defence of ourselves, critical political pressure was 'brought to bear' upon Churchill not to permit the Poles to partake in the Victory Parade.
A Most Scarce, Victorian Military '7th Royal Fusiliers March' Polyphon Disc Ideal for both collectors of Royal Fusiliers items, and musical Polyphon discs. Polyphon is the trade name of a large coin-operated music box, a mechanical device first manufactured in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Germany or Switzerland. In March, 1854, France, Turkey and Britain declared war on Russia, and the theatre for the fighting was the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea. The Royal Fusiliers were dispatched as part of the Allied expedition and arrived to fight at the Battle of the Alma in September of 1854 and at Inkerman in November of the same year. The Regiment endured the brutal winter conditions of the Crimea during the siege of Sevastopol through the following winter, and were present at the end of that siege in September, 1855. The Regiment returned to England in 1856. Five members were awarded the newly-instituted Victoria Cross for valiant service in the Crimea. They were Assistant Surgeon Thomas Hale Egerton, Lieutenant William Hope, Private Matthew Hughes, Captain Henry Mitchell Jones and Private William Norman. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Battles of the Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol. The second battalion was sent to Ireland in 1872 and then to India in 1874, eventually returning to England in 1889 after service on campaign in Afghanistan in 1880. In Afghanistan, Private Thomas Ashford was awarded a Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded comrade while under fire. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Afghanistan Campaign (1879-1880) and Kandahar (1880).
A Most Unusual Edo Period Katana Tsuba, With Rotational Fitting An iron sukashi tsuba, cut with four symbols, and two north and west facing blade apertures to enable the rotation of the tsuba mounting onto the blade. The tsuba is usually a round, ovoid or occasionally squarish guard at the end of the tsuka of bladed Japanese weapons, like the katana and its various declinations, tachi, wakizashi, tanto, naginata etc. They contribute to the balance of the weapon and to the protection of the hand. The tsuba was mostly meant to be used to prevent the hand from sliding onto the blade during thrusts as opposed to protecting from an opponent's blade. The chudan no kamae guard is determined by the tsuba and the curvature of the blade. The diameter of the average katana tsuba is 7.5–8 centimetres (3.0–3.1 in), wakizashi tsuba is 6.2–6.6 cm (2.4–2.6 in), and tanto tsuba is 4.5–6 cm (1.8–2.4 in). During the Muromachi period (1333–1573) and the Momoyama period (1573–1603) Tsuba were more for functionality than for decoration, being made of stronger metals and designs. During the Edo period (1603–1868) tsuba became more ornamental and made of less practical metals such as gold. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other.
A Most Unusual French Cavalry Pistol Circa 1830 to 1840 Made at the arsenal at St Etienne [proof marks the barrel underside] it conforms in part to the earlier, 1822 pattern Guarde du Roi pistol, with it's distinctive ovoid butt cap, as opposed the standard line-cavalry pattern with the bird's head butt cap. Although this is most similar to the earlier Guarde du Roi pattern, we have yet to find reference works to confirm this. It may have been a subsequent model, with a back action lock, that may only have seen brief service, or, a prototype model not officially adopted. The French cavalry and the French Guarde Du Corps in the 19th century had numerous patterns, model changes, transitional patterns, conversions and variations, and as such, a few models remain unidentifiable to us at present. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Unusual Spadroon Hilted Sword, King George IIIrd Of The 1780's A very nice British officer's sword. With a ribbed ebony grip with steel side ribs, 3 stage ovoid facetted pommel, double edged blade engrave with loyal motto, 'For My Country and King' on both sides.
A Most Unusual Straight Quillon Spanish Civil War Fighting Knife We last saw one like this, with a slight S shaped quillon, illustrated in Gordon Hughes's Primer of Military Knives Part One. A most similar three rivet celluloid gripped fighting knife, a dagger used by the Militia members of “El Battalion de la Muerte” (Battalion of Death). They were one of the International Brigades of Communists and Socialists. Volunteers from all over Europe to fight against General Franco's fascists. Their knives can be seen in this photo in the gallery, worn at the waist, and this fine piece is most similar but with the owner's khaki scabbard camouflage covering. The other knife we saw in Hughes book had a central fuller groove, this one is lacking that, although it has been field sharpened. This was an item that it is believed to have been used by a British fighter member, possibly an Empire colonial. It's similarity to the WW2 British FS knife must only compliment it's designer's efforts in creating a most effective fighting weapon.
A Most Unusual, Original, Vintage Sword, For An Officer Of the King Of Siam A rare opportunity to own a beautiful pattern of sword that appears most infrequently on the collector's market. With the elephant pommel and Royal Arms of the King. Gilt bronze mounts, leather and gilt scabbard and plain blade. The sword was initially designed and contracted to the Wilkinson Sword Co. in the 1870's. However, this example was likely not made by Wilkinson, and commissioned in or around the 1920's.
A Museum Grade Baby's Gas Mask Dated 1939 A most evocative memory piece of WW2. A baby's respirator with metal backing frame. Pump action and in very good condition. Ideal for the collector of WW2 respirators or for a film or theatre costumier hire company.
A n Original 1870's Victorian 9th Voltiguers De Quebec Shako Plate A very good scarce badge of the Canadian Light Infantry volunteers. 3 loop pin mounting posts. In superb condition. the '9' unit mark denotes issue to the 9th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada (Voltigeurs de Québec). They were one of the units mobilized and sent out west during the 1885 North West Rebellion. The unit was established in 1862. The North-West Rebellion (or the North-West Resistance, Saskatchewan Rebellion, Northwest Uprising, or Second Riel Rebellion) of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people under Louis Riel, and an associated uprising by First Nations Cree and Assiniboine, of the District of Saskatchewan against the government of Canada. During a time of great social change in Western Canada, the Métis believed that the Canadians had failed to address the protection of their rights, their land and their survival as a distinct people. Despite some notable early victories at Duck Lake, Fish Creek and Cut Knife, the rebellion ended when the Métis were defeated at the siege of Batoche, Saskatchewan, the eventual scattering of their allied Aboriginal forces and the trial and hanging of Louis Riel and eight First Nations leaders. Tensions between French Canada and English Canada increased for some time. Due to the role that the Canadian Pacific Railway played in transporting troops, political support for it increased and Parliament authorized funds to complete the country's first transcontinental railway. 4 inches high.
A Napoleonic Colonel's or Staff Officer's Sword In 'Post Combat' Condition One of the most desirable, scarcest and beautiful swords used by senior officer's in Napoleon's Grande Armee. Known as the Marengo pattern hiIt, It is in post hand to hand combat order, and has obviously seen some combat damage and wear. In original condition swords of this pattern are highly rare and valued very, very highly indeed. For example a very similar hilted, of an unknown officer of the Imperial Guarde example, [but of course in better order] sold in 1991, at the Delevenne-Lafarge saleroom in Paris, for an astounding £32,830. However, it is, in certain respects, very much to it's advantage, to be in battle worn order, as this fine and very rare sword is now easily within reach of many average French Napoleonic weaponry collector's, whereas in perfect order, a sword such as this, that was used by a senior staff officer, under, for example Marshal Ney's command, would be beyond the reach of most collector's pockets. Unusually it has a straight blade, which may suggest it was a staff officer controlling the French heavy cavalry, such as cuirassiers or carabiniers. A truly fabulous French sword of much scarcity and collect ability, as so few of these swords, that were used officer's within the echelons of Napoleon's personal influence survive today. And it is perfectly possible that Napoleon himself knew it's officer owner personally. The last picture in the gallery is of Napoleon's brother Joseph and Marshal Jourdan ans Suchet, Jourdan is carrying a very similar sword to this. No scabbard, extreme end of quillon lacking.
A Napoleonic Grenadiers Sword Bearing Boutet's Versailles Stamp Another Waterloo gem!. All of the Elite Imperial Guard sword hilts were supplied from Versailles. The Versailles Director was Nicolas-Noel Boutet, probably the greatest & most respected arms maker that has ever lived, his pistols and guns, made for King Louis XVI and Napoleon, are some of the most beautiful objects ever created by man. This grenadiers sword was made at the Versailles and carried by one of Napoleon's beloved grenadiers. Grenadiers were the elite of the line infantry and the veteran shock troops of the Napoleonic infantry. Newly formed battalions did not have a Grenadier company; rather, Napoleon ordered that after two campaigns, several of the strongest, bravest and tallest fusiliers were to be promoted to the Grenadier company, so each line battalion which had seen more than two campaigns had one company of Grenadiers. Regulations required that Grenadiers recruits were to be the tallest, most fearsome men in the regiments, and all were to have moustaches. To add to this, Grenadiers were initially equipped the a bonnet à poil or bearskin, as well as red epaulettes on their coat. After 1807 regulations stipulated that line Grenadiers were to replace their bearskin with a shako lined red with a red plume; however, many chose to retain their bearskins. In addition to the standard Charleville model 1777 and bayonet, Grenadiers were also equipped with this short sabre, the sabrebriquet. The Grenadier company would usually be situated on the right side of a formation, traditionally the place of greatest honour since the days of hoplite warfare in which a corps' right flank had less protection from the shield line of its formation. During a campaign, Grenadier companies could be detached to form a Grenadier battalion or occasionally a regiment or brigade. These formations would then be used as a shock force or the Vanguard for a larger formation. Napoleon took great care of his Guard, particularly the Old Guard. The Grenadiers of the Old Guard were known to complain in the presence of the Emperor, giving them the nickname Les Grognards, the Grumblers. The Guard received better pay, rations, quarters, and equipment, and all guardsmen ranked one grade higher than all non-Imperial Guard soldiers. Other French soldiers even referred to Napoleon's Imperial Guard as "the Immortals." The Guard played a major part in the climax of the Battle of Waterloo. It was thrown into the battle at the last minute to salvage a victory for Napoleon. Completely out-numbered, it faced terrible fire from the British lines, and began to retreat. For the first (and only) time in its history the Middle Guard retreated without orders. At the sight of this, Napoleon's army lost all hope of victory. The Middle Guard broke completely but the Old Guard (and some of the Young Guard) battalions held their formation and secured the retreat of the remainder of the French Army before being almost annihilated by British and Prussian artillery fire and cavalry charges. The words "La Garde meurt mais ne se rend pas!" (The Guard dies but does not surrender!) is generally attributed to General Pierre Cambronne. It has been suggested that this was in fact said by another general of the Guard, Claude-Etienne Michel, during their last stand at the Battle of Waterloo. The retort to a request to surrender may have been "La Garde meurt, elle ne se rend pas!" ("The Guard dies, it does not surrender!"). Letters published in The Times in June 1932 record that they may have been said by General Michel
A Napoleonic Wars French 'Charleville' Musket Bayonet An unusual example as all the socket's barrel dimensions match the year 9 musket, but it the blade is quite a measure longer than standard. This may indicate it was for a French regiment that used a shorter carbine length musket, and thus required a longer bayonet to make up the length in order to reach an enemy on horseback. Traces of an inspectors stamp and numbering on the blade. The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: an Anglo-led Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prince of Wahlstatt. The battle resulted in the end of Bonaparte's reign and of the First French Empire, and set a chronological milestone between serial European wars and decades of relative peace. Upon Napoleon's return to power in March 1815, many states that had opposed him formed the Seventh Coalition and began to mobilize armies. Wellington and Blücher's armies were cantoned close to the north-eastern border of France. Napoleon chose to attack them in the hope of destroying them before they could join in a coordinated invasion of France with other members of the coalition. Waterloo was the decisive engagement of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last. According to Wellington, the battle was "the nearest-run thing you ever saw in your life". The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French, and marked the end of his Hundred Days return from exile. Napoleon abdicated 4 days later, and on 7 July coalition forces entered Paris. After the Battle of Quatre Bras, Wellington withdrew from Quatre Bras to Waterloo. After the simultaneous Battle of Ligny the Prussians withdrew parallel to Wellington, drawing a third part of Napoleon's forces away from Waterloo to the separate and simultaneous Battle of Wavre. Upon learning that the Prussian army was able to support him, Wellington decided to offer battle on the Mont-Saint-Jean escarpment, across the Brussels road. Here he withstood repeated attacks by the French throughout the afternoon, aided by the progressively arriving Prussians. In the evening Napoleon committed his last reserves to a desperate final attack, which was narrowly beaten back. With the Prussians breaking through on the French right flank Wellington's Anglo-allied army counter-attacked in the centre, and the French army was routed.
A National Socialist Motor Corps Enlisted Man's Side Cap Eagle Badge an eagle sitting, its talons gripping a wreath swastika below, with a ribbon banner above inscribed "NSKK", -
A Native North American Pair of Child's Boots. Reservation Period Probably Cree Tribe. Beautifully made and thoroughly charming. Not antique, 20th century, but very interesting and Native American art is never normally to be seen in Europe. Superb detail and workmanship
A Near Mint Early WW2 Coldstream Guards 'Battle Honour' Wilkinson Sword An absolute historical beauty, from a B.E.F. WW2 serving officer, with it's original frog. Commissioned from Wilkinson's by it's owner in early-mid 1939. Deluxe grade with the regiments battle honours, up to 1918, in high grade etched detailing, within scrolls down the length of both sides of the blade. The Grenadier Guards is an elite infantry regiment of the British Army. It is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. During the Second World War the regiment was expanded to six service battalions, with the re-raising of the 4th Battalion, and the establishment of the 5th and 6th Battalions. The Grenadier Guards' first involvement in the war came in the early stages of the fighting when all three regular battalions were sent to France in late 1939 as part of the British Expeditionary Force. The 1st and 2nd Battalions were serving in the 7th Guards Brigade, which also included the 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards, and were part of the 3rd Infantry Division, led by Major General Bernard Law Montgomery. The 3rd Battalion was in the 1st Guards Brigade attached to the 1st Infantry Division, commanded by Major General Harold Alexander. As the BEF was pushed back by the German blitzkrieg during the battles of France and Dunkirk, these battalions played a considerable role in maintaining the British Army's reputation during the withdrawal phase of the campaign before being themselves evacuated from Dunkirk. After this they returned to the United Kingdom where they undertook defensive duties in anticipation of a possible German invasion. Between October 1940 and October 1941, the regiment raised the 4th, 5th, and 6th Battalions. Later, in the summer of 1941, there was a need to increase the number of armoured and motorised units in the British Army and as a result many infantry battalions were converted into armoured regiments and so the 2nd and 4th Battalions were re-equipped with tanks, while the 1st Battalion was motorised. The 1st and 2nd (Armoured) Battalions were part of the 5th Guards Armoured Brigade, attached to the Guards Armoured Division, and the 4th Battalion was part of 6th Guards Tank Brigade Group. They subsequently served in the North West Europe Campaign of 1944–45, taking part in several actions including the Battle for Caen, particularly in Operation Goodwood, as well as Operation Market Garden, the Battle of the Bulge and Operation Veritable. The 3rd, 5th and 6th Battalions served in the North African Campaign and in the final stages Tunisia Campaign, under command of the British First Army, where they fought significant battles in the Medjez-el-Bab and along the Mareth Line. The regiment took part in the Italian Campaign at Salerno, Monte Camino, Anzio, Monte Cassino, and along the Gothic Line. The 3rd Battalion, still with 1st Guards Brigade, were attached to the 78th Battleaxe Infantry Division for two months in Tunisia until it was exchanged for the 38th (Irish) Infantry Brigade and became part of the 6th Armoured Division and would remain there for the rest of the war. The 5th Battalion was part of 24th Guards Brigade and served with the 1st Division during the Battle of Anzio. After suffering devastating casualties it was relieved in March 1944 and disbanded later that year. The 6th Battalion served with the 22nd Guards Brigade, later redesignated 201st Guards Motor Brigade, and served with the brigade until late 1944 when the battalion was disbanded due to an acute shortage of Guards replacements. Throughout the course of the conflict two men of the regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross. They were Lance Corporal Harry Nicholls of the 3rd Battalion, during the Battle of Dunkirk, and Major William Sidney of the 5th Battalion during the Battle of Anzio in March 1944
A Nice 19th Century Patent Powder Flask A jolly attractive flask in nice operating order with original lacquer finish. Decorated with stags and hounds on both sides.
A Nice Early 19th century, King George IIIrd Old Sheffield Decanter Coaster a wine and spirit decanter gallery coaster in fine old plate, with deep turned carved mahogany base, pierced sides, multi ribbed rim edge and beize cloth on the bottom. Measures 5" in diameter x 2.25" tall. Excellent period condition.
A Nice Indo Persian Tulwar With Likely a 17th 18th Century German Blade Long fullered blade, predominantly straight with a very slight curve. Armourers mark of parallel waves. Traditional iron hilt with cursive knucklebow.
A Nice Koto Samurai Tanto Good koto blade, circa 1500, Edo period fittings, quite simple and most attractive. Horn kashira and brass fushi. Cinnabar lacquer saya with kodzuka pocket and a small, simple, late kodzuka set within it. Mu sori blade, with nice hamon and grain. Overall length 13 inches, blade length 8.25 inches
A Nickle Plated 19th Century Pinfire Engraved Revolver Very charmingly engraved with New York scroll engraving. Micro cross hatched carved wooden grips. Folding trigger, good tight mainspring good rotating action. History of the pinfire revolvers; As a British or European import, pinfire pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War and the Wild West period [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen in the US, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is pocket size It was the pocket size that was the type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient personal defender by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies, and later, as in this case, in the 1870's onwards by gamblers and n'ear do wells in the Wild West. Manual trigger return. Liege proofs. 7mm. Cal. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A North African Sudanese Arm Dagger With leather scabbard and arm loop to hide and conceal the dagger up a warriors sleeve. The scabbard has leather areas lacking repaired with canvas..
A Pair of 'Troubles' Era, Dated 1973, Bomb Disposal Officer's Goggles In original case, Anti Mine goggles. Acquired from a former British Army Bomb Disposal officer who served in the 1970's in Northern Ireland 321 EOD & Search Squadron 11 EOD Regiment RLC is a unit of the British Army responsible for Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search duties in Northern Ireland. The unit was previously titled 321 EOD Unit, then 321 EOD Company RAOC Royal Army Ordnance Corps and was re-badged as a unit of the Royal Logistic Corps in April 1993, now part of 11 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Regiment RLC. With its Headquarters at Aldergrove Flying Station near Antrim, the unit covers the entire province of Northern Ireland. The unit is honoured at the Palace Barracks memorial garden and today remains the most decorated unit in the British Army. 321 is a well equipped unit and has been at the forefront of developing new equipment
A Pair of 16th Century Style Armour Demi-Gauntlets In iron with articulated hand defences. Probably 19th century. Historically, gauntlets were used by soldiers and knights. It was considered an important piece of armour, since the hands and arms were particularly vulnerable in hand-to-hand combat. With the rise of easily reloadable and effective firearms, hand-to-hand combat fell into decline along with personal armour, including gauntlets. Some medieval gauntlets had a built-in knuckle duster. When the hand was bunched into a fist the backhand protection becomes pronounced from the fist just above the knuckles, this allowed the user to utilize the gauntlet as a melee weapon while still protecting the hand from damage when punching. However, against an armed combatant the use of this feature would have been risky so it was very unlikely that a gauntlet would have been used in this way when a more suitable weapon was within reach. But if the user had no other means to defend themselves the tactics they would have employed would be to attempt to surprise the opponent with this inconspicuous attack, possibly by dodging and countering, aiming for exposed areas of flesh such as the face or weak areas of armour, such as under the arm or the groin. A "Demi-gauntlet" (also called a "demi-gaunt" for short) is a type of plate armour gauntlet that only protects the back of the hand and the wrist; demi-gaunts are worn with gloves made from mail or padded leather. The advantages of the demi-gaunt are that it allows better dexterity and is lighter than a full gauntlet, but the disadvantage is that the fingers are not as well protected. To "throw down the gauntlet" is to issue a challenge. A gauntlet-wearing knight would challenge a fellow knight or enemy to a duel by throwing one of his gauntlets on the ground. The opponent would pick up the gauntlet to accept the challenge. The phrase is associated particularly with the action of the King's Champion, which officer's role was from mediæval times to act as champion for the King at his coronation, in the unlikely event that someone challenged the new King's title to the throne.
A Pair of Afrika Korps German Helmet Shields Maker marked and dated 1941. One mounting pin remaining. The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II. First sent as a holding force to shore up the Italian defense of their African colonies, the formation fought on in Africa, under various appellations, from March 1941 until its surrender in May 1943. The term "Afrika Korps" is pseudo-German (so-called "cod-German"), deriving from an incomplete German title. The German term referred solely to the initial formation, the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK), which formed part of the Axis command of the German and Italian forces in North Africa. The name stuck, with both news media and Allied soldiers, as the name for all subsequent German units in North Africa. The unit's best known commander was Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. The Afrika Korps formed on 11 January 1941 and one of Hitler's favorite generals, Erwin Rommel, was designated as commander on 11 February. The German Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, OKW) had decided to send a "blocking force" to Libya to support the Italian army. The Italian army group had been routed by the British Commonwealth Western Desert Force in Operation Compass (9 December 1940 – 9 February 1941). The German blocking force, commanded by Rommel, at first consisted of a force based only on Panzer Regiment 5, which was put together from the second regiment of the 3rd Panzer Division. These elements were organized into the 5th Light Division when they arrived in Africa from 10 February – 12 March 1941. The Afrika Korps was restructured and renamed in August 1941. "Afrikakorps" was the official name of the force for less than six months but the officers and men used it for the duration. The Afrika Korps was the major German component of Panzerarmee Afrika, which was later renamed the Deutsch-Italienische Panzerarmee and finally renamed Heeresgruppe Afrika (Army Group Africa) during the 27 months of the Desert campaign
A Pair Of Antique Japanese Meiji Period Shibayama Whist Markers A pair of Japanese Shibayama whist markers, Meiji period (1868-1912), the rosewood panel with gold foliate lacquer work, ivory markers each decorated with an insects but most bodies are lacking. At the end of the 19th century, there was a growing passion for Japanese art, especially in England. This was the Meiji era in Japan (1868 – 1912) and Japanese artwork export drastically increased during this period. Priced according to the condition Whist markers were not the exception. They are called Shibayama Whist Marker from the name of the technic used. Shibayama lacquer has been invented in Chiba just before the Meiji era by Senzo Onogi (who later changed his name to Senzo Shibayama) : small elaborated pieces of noble materials (semi-precious stones, mother-of-pearl, ivory, tortoiseshell) are inlaid into lacquered wooden or even metal or ivory bases. According to Yumiko who did an impressive study about Japanese Export Furniture all the motifs on the Whist Markers are symbols indicating autumn season : plants such as bellflower, pauwlonia and insects which chirp during this period (crickets, grasshoppers…). They are used as season words in Japanese poetry, called " haiku ". Autumn is a Japanese favorite season and has always been a popular topic depicted on works of art. The exception is a butterfly which symbolizes spring,
A Pair Of Boxlock Pocket Percussion Pistols Circa 1835 In very good order, with what appears to be very nice original finish. All steel furniture with engraved side plates, barrel tangs and trigger guards, slab sided walnut butts, oval name cartouches to sides, one engraved D.EGG. Durs Egg was one of England finest ever gunsmiths, but at this period his working life was coming to an end, and after his death, his relatives [John and George Frederick[son] ] carried on working in his name. Good turn-ff breech loading barrels with excellent proof markings. Both actions are very crisp indeed, but one pistol is reticent to engage past first cock. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Pair of Decorative Japanese Sword Placques Made from a full set of pre 1937 ShinGunto Officer sword fittings [complete with tsuka and 'bulls blood' red lacquered wooden saya] that have been cut in two, equally, from 'bow to stern' and mounted on two dark brown lacquered wooden panels. A very attractive, imaginative and most pleasing decorative effect has thus been achieved.
A Pair of Falschirmjager Collar Tabs, Silver Bullion Over Gold Cloth Over a buckram base. Original WW2. For hauptmann [captain] During World War II. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) raised a variety of airborne light infantry (Fallschirmjäger) units. The Luftwaffe built up a division-sized unit of three Fallschirmjäger regiments plus supporting arms and air assets, known as the 7th Flieger Division. Throughout World War II, the Fallschirmjäger overall commander was Kurt Student. Fallschirmjäger participated in many of the famous battles of World War II. As elite troops they were frequently deployed at the vanguard of attacks and as the bulwark of a defence. They would see action in the Norway and Denmark campaign and in Belgium, the Netherlands and France in 1940. Major actions in the Balkans Campaign, Crete, Italy, and on both the Eastern Front and later the Western Front would follow. The skillful airborne seizure of Fort Eben-Emael permitted the early capture of Belgium and, alongside successful operations in the Netherlands, was crucial for the speed of the German victories in 1940. The Battle of the Netherlands began on May 10, 1940 and ended in a German victory on May 14, 1940. German paratroopers had extreme success due to the element of surprise that occurred because of the unpreparedness of the Dutch. The Dutch were caught by surprise because of intelligence failures and miscommunication between important leaders of the Dutch military. Paratroopers played an important role in this victory because they were able to capture important targets such as the Moerdijk and Waalhaven airfields. Paratroopers also captured and defended the Moerdijk Bridge that allowed the Germans to gain a passage from Dordrecht to Amsterdam by train. This gave German soldiers an easier and quicker way important targets and to conquer the Netherlands. The major airdrops in Norway and Denmark in April 1940 were also vital to the success of the campaigns there, although they, along with the amphibious forces, suffered heavy casualties. The Battle of Crete began on May 20, 1941 and ended on June 1, 1941. Crete was an important target for Germany because it provided territory close to the Mediterranean sea that could be used for offensive air and naval operations. German control over Crete would have also denied the Allied powers access to Germany's Ploie?ti oil fields in Romania where Germany gathered fifty percent of its oil. Germany launched a large-scale airdrops in which the entire 7th Air Division was deployed with the German 5th Mountain Division as the follow-up. Crete was captured after fierce fighting against the Allied troops, but the high casualties suffered by the Fallschirmjäger as they parachuted in (like the brothers von Blücher) convinced Hitler that such mass airdrops were no longer feasible. High casualties occurred because the Allied powers knew of the Operation Merkur which meant the surprise attack on Crete. Allied soldiers set up anti-air defense against the paratroopers. This resulted in a high casualty count, over 3250 airborne soldiers killed or MIA and 3400 wounded.[8] This battle however, resulted in a German victory but due to the inefficiency and high loss of paratroopers Hitler halted the use of large airborne attacks. In the Battle of Monte Cassino, 1st Fallschirmjäger division[9] held the ground near the Monastery of Monte Cassino. After the monastery had been bombed by the Allies, the Germans moved into protected positions among the bricks and cellars. The Fallschirmjäger held out for months against repeated assaults and heavy bombardment. Here they gained the nickname "Green Devils" from the Allied forces for their distinctive jackets and their tenacious defence. Inflicting huge losses on the Allied forces, they ultimately retreated from their positions only to avoid being outflanked. Fallschirmjäger also played a key role defending positions in France against much larger forces in 1944, even holding on to some of the German-occupied regions until the surrender of Germany. Thousands of German paratroopers were killed in action. Fallschirmjäger were awarded a total of 134 Knight's Crosses between 1940 and 1945.
A Pair Of German Artillery Shell Trench Art Vases Dated August 1917 In need of tender hand polishing that would reveal superb results. 9 inches high
A Pair of Late 18th Early 19th Century Napoleonic Crossbow Pistol Bolts Very finely made steel quarrel heads, beautifully facetted, with brass lined collars. On wooden hafts. Superbly made pieces and very scarce indeed. Illustrated with the kind of pistol used from the Napoleonic era. A weapon as silent as the grave, yet more deadly than a pistol as it's range was greater and penetrating power more effective. The heads could easily be beautifully polished to brighter steel. A picture in the gallery of a Napoleonic pistol that used such bolts.
A Pair of Monumental and Fabulous Gaucho 'Cowboy' Spurs Silver inlaid steel with huge 5.5 inch multi spiked roundels. The South American Cowboy or Gaucho was the first range cowboy, whose existance is first recorded back in the 1600's, they wandered the Pampas for centuries, working cattle and living off the land and the herd, just as the later North American Cowboy did in the 19th century. Like the North American cowboys gauchos were generally reputed to be strong, honest, silent types, but proud and capable of violence when provoked. The gaucho tendency to violence over petty matters is also recognized as a typical trait. Gauchos' use of the famous "facón" (knife generally tucked into the rear of the gaucho sash) is legendary, often associated with considerable bloodletting. Historically, the facón was typically the only eating instrument that a gaucho carried. As Charles Darwin said of these distinctive famous men of the pampas, and the men who wore and used the facón, "Many quarrels arose, which from the general manner of fighting with the knife often proved fatal." The gauchos spurs could be fantastically flamboyant, such as these, and the best example of their status and position
A Pair of Original Early Edo Period Samurai Armour Sode [Shoulder Plates] Circa 1650. 'Sode' are large rectangular shoulder protection made from iron plates [or leather], and these beauties are iron and lacquered with gold ancient kanji of clan mon. Superb original artifacts that would make a fabulous display feature. Collecting parts of original armour for artistic display is a tradtion that goes back thousands of years, in fact as fore as long as armour has been worn. In ancient Rome armour was collected as cwar trophies and proudly displayed in all the grear Roman villas from the Emperor down. Japanese armour was generally constructed from many small iron (tetsu) and or leather (nerigawa) scales (kozane) and or plates (ita-mono), connected to each other by rivets and lace (odoshi) made from leather and or silk, and or chain armour (kusari). These armour plates were usually attached to a cloth or leather backing. Japanese armour was designed to be as lightweight as possible as the samurai had many tasks including riding a horse and archery in addition to swordsmanship. The armour was usually brightly lacquered to protect against the harsh Japanese climate. Chain armour (kusari) was also used to construct individual armour pieces and full suits of kusari were even used. The era of warfare called the Sengoku period ended around 1600, Japan was united and entered the so-called peaceful Edo period, but conflict remained through internecine and clan rivalry. Samurai continued to use both plate and lamellar armour as a symbol of their status and for extreme combat. During the Edo period light weight, portable and secret hidden armours became popular as there was still a need for personal protection. Civil strife, duels, assassinations, peasant revolts required the use of armours such as the kusari katabira (chain armour jacket) and armoured sleeves as well as other types of armour which could be worn under ordinary clothing. Edo period samurai were in charge of internal security and would wear various types of kusari gusoku (chain armour) and shin and arm protection as well as forehead protectors (hachi-gane). Armour continued to be worn and used in Japan until the end of the samurai era (Meiji period) in the 1860s, with the last use of samurai armour happening in 1877 during the Satsuma Rebellion.
A Pair Of Very Good 19th Century, King George IIIrd Period Leg Manacles An intriguing piece from the days of manacled restraint and torture. In iron, with screw bolt locks and link chain. Used for the restraint of prisoners in dungeons, goals, such as Newgate Prison, or on prison galleys for deportation.
A Pair of Very Nice Meteoric Steel Indonesian Kris Daggers A pair of old keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A good and scarce example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. 9 inches long overall
A Pair of Victorian Coaching Prints in Rosewood Veneer Frames With super old labels of Arthur Ackerman Gallery of Fine Arts, 191 Regent St. London, W. A charming pair of original Victorian coloured prints in delightful frames. 6.75 inches x 8.75 inches
A Pair Of WW2 British Army Captain's Bullion Dress Eppaulettes With two sets of three pips on a rope twisted bullion mount. In very good condition for age. Photo of [HRH Prince] Capt. Harry Wales [God bless him] adorned with current bullion captain's eppaulettes.
A Pair of WW2 Gas Shield Eye Protectors 'Rommel' Type Made of an early form of clear celluloid. Used to great effect by the Desert Rats in North Africa for sand protection. In fact Rommel used the very same protectors for that purpose, as one can see from the photos of Rommel, taken in Africa in 1943. Presumably he used captured British kit. Eye protectors Dated November 1942
A Pair of WW2 Gas Shield Eye Protectors 'Rommel' Type Made of an early form of clear celluloid. Used to great effect by the Desert Rats in North Africa for sand protection. In fact Rommel used the very same protectors for that purpose as one can see from the photos of Rommel taken in Africa.Presumably he used captured British kit..
A Percussion Ring Trigger, Self Cocking Pepperbox Revolver, Circa 1840. A J. R.Cooper's Patent Revolver with good ring pull trigger action. A scarce pistol and this is a nice example of it's kind. A Coopers patent 6 barreled, pepperbox revolver c1840 with walnut bag shaped butt and foliate engraving, signed J. R. Coopers Patent.
A Persian Percussion Horse Pistol [Tapance] from the Qajar Period From the mid 19th century, a Persian pistol with likely a high carbon steel octagonal barrel with traces of 8 groove rifling. Fully engraved, probably Persian lock, with matching florid scroll engraving to the barrel breech tang and fore end. Chequered stock with steel butt cap and lanyard ring. Half stocked with rammer lacking. Plain steel trigger guard. Persian pistols are very scarcely seen, even within Iran, and more often than not with imported locks, usually British, this example though has more likely a Persian lock [based on a British import] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Piece Of Zeppelin L32 Shot Down 24.9. 1916 In Ring Form 5.2 cm Across Made into the form of a gigantic finger ring. Beautifully constructed. Group Captain Frederick Sowrey, DSO, MC, AFC (25 July 1893 - 21 October 1968) began his career as a World War I flying ace credited with thirteen aerial victories. He was most noted for his first victory, when he shot down Zeppelin L32 during its bombing raid on England. Having risen rapidly in rank during the war, he remained in service until 1940. Piece of the framework of German naval airship L32. This airship was shot down by 2nd Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey of 39 Squadron RFC on the night of 23/24 September 1916. It crashed near Billericay in Essex resulting in the death of all 21 crew members. The airship was under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Werner Peterson. Sowrey was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for his action.
A Police Bulls Eye Lantern. A Super Piece From the Era of 'Jack The Ripper' A Victorian Constable's oil lantern probably made by Hiatt & Co. [Well known Police equipment suppliers and makers of police handcuffs, leg-irons, manacles and shackles for over 200 years]. The very type as can be seen in all the old films of the White chapel Murders, and Sherlock Holmes' adventures in the gloomy London Fog. An ingenious design that can also be used as a hand warmer, on a bitter Victorian winter's night, and for brewing the odd cup of tea. Complete with it's original burner
A Pre WW2 German Nazi Day Badge. 1939 Issued on the Workers day in 1939 on the 1st of May. The first Nazi Party rallies took place in 1923 in Munich and in 1926 in Weimar. From 1927 on, they took place exclusively in Nuremberg. The Party selected Nuremberg for pragmatic reasons: it was in the center of the German Reich and the local Luitpoldhain was well suited as a venue. In addition, the Nazis could rely on the well-organized local branch of the party in Franconia, then led by Gauleiter Julius Streicher. The Nuremberg police were sympathetic to the event. Later, the location was justified by the Nazi Party by putting it into the tradition of the Imperial Diet (German Reichstag) of the Holy Roman Empire, considered as the First Reich. After 1933, the rallies took place near the time of the Autumn equinox, under the title of "The German people's National Party days" (Reichsparteitage des deutschen Volkes), which was intended to symbolize the solidarity between the German people and the Nazi Party. This point was further emphasized by the yearly growing number of participants, which finally reached over half a million from all sections of the party, the army and the state.
A Presentation Light Infantry Officer's Sword of a WW1 War Hero Of Captain Edward Allen Roe. MC & bar. Presented to Lieutenant Roe from the Sergeant's Mess 4th V.B. Queens West Surrey Regt. with their Respect and Esteem. Connected to a rare RNB sword , but sold seperately. He served with the East Surrey Regiment. attd. 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), and was Killed in action on the 2 September 1918. Age 23. He was the son of Frederick Edward and Lucy Isabel Roe, of "The Ridgeway," 58, Canterbury Grove, West Norwood, London. Buried at RENINGHELST NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, Poperinge, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium Grave Ref. V. B. 3. Lt Col. Freyberg was a VC winner and another great hero of the regiment, and with his concurrent service with the Royal Naval Brigade, and the connection between these two regimental and naval swords is most intriguing. Freyberg was one of the most highly decorated officers of WW1. Gaining the VC, The DSO and two bars, five Mid's and the Croix De Guerre. When he was transferred to the Western front he was attached with the Royal West Surreys but still as an officer of the RNB Hood Division. In late 1914 Freyberg met Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, and persuaded him to grant him a Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve commission in the Hood Battalion of the newly-constituted Royal Naval Division. In 1915 Freyberg became involved in the Dardanelles campaign. During the initial landings by Allied troops following the unsuccessful naval attempt to force the straits by sea, Freyberg was appointed as the Gallipoli Landings diversion Single handedly he swam ashore in the Gulf of Saros. Once ashore, he began lighting flares so as to distract the defending Turkish forces from the real landings taking place at Gallipoli. Despite coming under heavy Turkish fire, he returned safely from this outing, and for his action he received the Distinguished Service Order. He received serious wounds on several occasions and left the peninsula when his division evacuated in January 1916. In May 1916 Freyberg was transferred to the British Army as a captain in the Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment. However, he remained with the Hood Battalion as a seconded temporary major and went with them to France. During the final stages of the Battle of the Somme, when commanding a battalion as a temporary lieutenant-colonel, he so distinguished himself in the capture of Beaucourt village that he was awarded the Victoria Cross. On 13 November 1916 at Beaucourt-sur-Ancre, France, after Freyberg's battalion had carried the initial attack through the enemy's front system of trenches, he rallied and re-formed his own much disorganised men and some others, and led them on a successful assault of the second objective, during which he suffered two wounds, but remained in command and held his ground throughout the day and the following night. When re-inforced the next morning he attacked and captured a strongly fortified village, taking 500 prisoners. Though wounded twice more, the second time severely, Freyberg refused to leave the line until he had issued final instructions. The regiments Battle Honours for the Great War are as follows; The Great War (25 battalions): Mons, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914 '18, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 '17 '18, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917, Bullecourt, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Avre, Villers Bretonneux, Lys, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Soissonais Ourcq, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, St. Quentin Canal, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Piave, Vittorio Veneto, Italy 1917-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Rumani, Egypt 1915-16, Gaza, El Mughar, Jerusalem, Jericho, Tell 'Asur, Palestine 1917-18, Khan Baghdadi, Mesopotamia 1915-18, N W Frontier India 1916-17. This sword has overall service use salt and pepper pitting, and service combat dents to the bottom of the scabbard.
A Queen Elizabeth Ist Period Morion Helmet, in Black and White Armour. The morion helmet is one of the great iconic designs of German helmet, made in the German states, and used by the Conquistadors of Spain, that conquered the South American nations, and the early English settlers of America in the mid 16th century. They were used by the bodyguards of the rulers of the German states, such as the Elector of Hanover, and the Spanish armies that attempted the invasion of Britain, in the great Spanish Armada, that was beaten by Elizabeth's Grand Admiral, Sir Francis Drake. In fact the British and many nations used them from the 1500's and into the English Civil War.
A Queen's South Africa Medal to South African Constabulary Cavalryman. A rare medal of the Boer War with three bars. Issued to 3rd Class Trooper R.G,Phillips.. 12 squadrons of the SAC were raised in Canada by General Baden-Powell. Many Canadians stayed on to live there after the war's end. One photo in the gallery of a group of SAC probably outside the HQ at Koffiefontein
A Queen's South Africa [Boer War] Group of Five Medals, Royal Navy A superb set of five medals to a shipwright who served in the Royal Navy in the Boer War and in WW1 and awarded the Long Service Good Conduct Medal in the reign of King George Vth. During his service he served aboard HMS Niobe [later HMCS Niobe] and on HMS Berwick HMS Niobe was built by Vickers Limited, Barrow-in-Furness and launched on 20 February 1897, entering service in 1898. She was part of the Channel Squadron at the outbreak of the Boer War (1899–1900), and was sent to Gibraltar to escort troop transports ferrying reinforcements to the Cape. On 4 December 1899, Niobe and HMS Doris rescued troops from the SS Ismore, which had run aground. She saw further action in the Boer War and the Queen's South Africa Medal was subsequently awarded to the crew. She returned to the English Channel, but later escorted vessels as far as Colombo in Ceylon. In March 1901 she was one of two cruisers to escort HMS Ophir, commissioned as royal yacht for the world tour of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George and Queen Mary), from Spithead to Gibraltar. She and HMS Rainbow were given to the Dominion of Canada to seed the new Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). She was transferred to the RCN on 6 September 1910, commissioning at Devonport Dockyard and reaching Halifax on 21 October that year. As the first large ship in the Royal Canadian Navy, Niobe's name has considerable symbolic importance in the Canadian navy, being used among other things as the title of a series of scholarly papers. Models and collections of artefacts of Niobe can be found at several Canadian museums including the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Maritime Command Museum in Halifax. The latter devotes a room to Niobe which includes her original ship's bell. HMS Berwick was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 20 September 1902. In 1908, she collided with the destroyer Tiger when the destroyer crossed Berwick's bows during an exercise in the English Channel, south of the Isle of Wight. Tiger was sliced in two and sank with the loss of 28 lives. She served in the First World War with most of her sisters, and survived to be sold for scrap on 1 July 1920
A Rare & Super 17th -18th Century Tibetan Matchlock Musket From the a small ancient arms collection and from the same source as a fine 17th century Tibetan sword we have just been delighted to acquire. Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This is a good example of a nicely decorated, well-made and attractive, Tibetan matchlock, with distinct Indian influences, in near complete condition. Its fittings consist of a small engraved Tibetan silver cap at the tip of the fore stock and an iron lock plate on both sides of the stock decoratively decorated with geometric zig zag pattern. The breech has a slot for the upper arm of the serpentine (see detail). The Damascus twist iron octagonal barrel, of typical high quality North Indian construction flares at the muzzle and has a line sight and a peep sight. The twist pattern of the barrel forging is also faintly visible. The barrel is attached by a muzzle capuchin to the stock, and by five flattened brass bands and seven thinner rounded iron and brass bands (the former most likely being restorations). The stock had areas of applied brass plates and roundels of typically Tibetan form and decoratively engraved. The two piece butt has two applied brass bandings, likely as strengthening pieces. The offside breech has a sling swivel mount for when on horseback. The action is fully functioning well, and the pan has a sliding foul weather cover. The ramrod is missing. It would have originally had two extending and folding prongs at the forend for resting on the ground to fire on foot, but mostly this gun would have been used on horseback. Firearms were probably introduced into Tibet gradually during the sixteenth century from several sources, including China, India, and West Asia, as part of the general spread of the use of firearms throughout Asia. The traditional Tibetan gun is a matchlock musket, which appears to have changed little if at all in its construction and technology from the time of its introduction until the early twentieth century. The decoration found on Tibetan matchlock guns varies, but even the most utilitarian examples generally have some degree of ornament. It is not uncommon to find stocks with applied plaques of pierced or embossed silver, copper, or iron, which range from being relatively simple to fairly elaborate. More rarely, some stocks were painted or inlaid with bone. The match-cord pouches and pan covers often have appliqués of colored leather or textile and decorative rivets or bosses. The barrels are usually plain except perhaps for some fluting at the muzzle, ring moldings toward the breech, or simple engraved designs. There are, however, some notable exceptions of barrels decorated with damascening or made of Damascus steel such as this one. This gun has the combination of Indian decorative features and the styling in the stock form of Tibetan. Likely made in an area straddling both domains. The Tibetan warrior we show in a photograph wears his matchlock across his back although you can only see it's two folded prongs that stick up from the muzzle [lacking on this gun] In Europe, the matchlock was primarily an infantry weapon, but in Tibet and Central Asia it was also used on horseback in the same way as the bow. As essential military training, and as part of various ceremonies and festivals, riders would shoot at targets while riding past them at a gallop. From the seventeenth century onward, fairly realistic depictions of matchlocks are also sometimes included in paintings of offerings to the guardian deities.
A Rare 'Left Handed' WW1 .455 British Service Revolver Holster Maker marked and dated 1918. Superb piece and really rare left handed type. These .455 Webley revolver holsters are highly desirable and now original examples are very scarce, but the left handed versions are undoubtedly the rarest of them all. Superb multi riveted type. Excellent condition overall.
A Rare 'Sleeper'. A Highly Desireable 19th Century Bowie, With Motto Blade Blade motto etched, with scrolls and decoration with Never Draw Me Without Reason, Nor Sheath Me Without Honour, in original leather scabbard. Nickle hilt in a highly distinctive geometric, graduated bead, fan pattern, with staghorn slab grips and shield cartouch. This Bowie is very grubby indeed, but in the world of collecting this is the simply ideal condition. It shows quite clearly it has been used and then stored away for a hundred plus years. Untouched and untended, and exactly as one wants to see it. Almost certainly by Mappin and Webb. A near identical one from the Ex Collection of R. Charles Griffith, MD was sold in 2009 [except that example had a replaced scabbard]. The term "Bowie knife" appeared in advertising by 1835, about 8 years after the Bowie's famous sandbar knife brawl, while James Bowie was still alive.The first knife, with which Bowie became famous, allegedly was designed by Jim Bowie's brother Rezin in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana and smithed by blacksmith Jesse Clifft out of an old file. Period court documents indicate that Rezin Bowie and Clifft were well acquainted with one another. Rezin's granddaughter claimed in an 1885 letter to Louisiana State University that she personally witnessed Clifft make the knife for her grandfather. This knife became famous as the knife used by Bowie at the Sandbar Fight, a famous 1827 duel between Bowie and several men including a Major Norris Wright of Alexandria, Louisiana. The fight took place on a sandbar in the Mississippi River across from Natchez, Mississippi, and is the only documented fight in which Bowie was known to have employed his Bowie knife design. In this battle Bowie was stabbed, shot, and beaten half to death but managed to win the fight using the large knife. From context, "Bowie knife" needed no description then, but the spelling was variable. Among the first mentions was a plan to combine a Bowie knife and pistol. Cutlers were shipping sheath knives from Sheffield England by the early 1830s. By 1838 a writer in a Baltimore newspaper (posted from New Orleans) suggested that every reader had seen a Bowie knife. The Bowie knife found its greatest popularity in the Old Southwest of the mid-19th century, where several knife fighting schools were established to teach students the art of fighting with the Bowie knife pattern. Bowie knives had a role in the American conflicts of the nineteenth century. They are historically mentioned in the independence of Texas, in the Mexican War, the California gold rush, the civil strife in Kansas, the Civil War and later conflicts with the American Indians. John Brown (the abolitionist) carried a Bowie (which was taken by J. E. B. Stuart). John Wilkes Booth (assassin of Abraham Lincoln) dropped a large Bowie knife as he escaped. "Buffalo Bill" Cody reportedly scalped a sub-chief in 1876 in revenge for Custer (the Battle of Warbonnet Creek). The popularity of the Bowie knife declined late in the nineteenth century. Large caliber reliable revolvers were available by the mid-1870s, reducing a knife advantage. The frontier rapidly vanished, reducing the number of hunters and trappers. Large knives had limited utility, so Bowies shrunk. 11.75 inches overall. Part of one side's staghorn grip away
A Rare 10th Royal Hussars Victorian Senior NCO Hallmarked Silver Rank Badge And a pair of collar badges. Worn on the uniform sleeve of the regiment's senior NCO as his badge of rank. A fine example, by an English silversmith WTM, who is an unknown maker to us, as unfortunately no records of his name survives. A large silver badge of Prince of Wales' plumes, hollow construction, with flat backplate. Three mounting loops to reverse. Slight polishing to highpoints of plumes, generally excellent to very fine condition. The rank badge is over 1 oz in weight, Victorian London silver hallmarked, and 2.2 inches high. The collar badges are not hallmarked silver, maker marked for London and 1.25 inches high each, with gold 'applied' crowns, with two mounting lugs apiece The 10th or Prince of Wales’s Own Light Dragoons took the title of “Hussars’ in 1811. From 1860 until 1873 it was commanded by the famous Lt.Col. Valentine Baker, a brave and talented cavalryman, later Lieutenant General and Pasha. During his 13 year command, the regiment was known as “Bakers Light Bobs”. 10th (The Prince of Wales's Own) Royal Hussars. The senior NCO that wore this rank badge and collar badges would have likely seen action in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, at the Battle of Ali Masjid in 1878, and in the Sudan, Battle of El Teb, and Egypt in 1884. With the outbreak of the Second Boer War, the regiment sailed for South Africa in 1899. After fighting at Colesberg, the regiment participated in the relief of Kimberley in February 1900, the Battle of Paardeberg immediately afterwards, and then two years of fighting in the Transvaal. The nco and his regiment also saw action on the North-West Frontier in 1908.
A Rare 1631 Amsterdam Print Pocket Publication of Cornelius's Tacitus C. Corn. Tacitus ex Recensione Justi Lipsii nec non I. Isaci Pontani post Lipsium Aliosque. Published by Guiljel: Amsterodami, Blaeuw (1631). Central spine split but otherwise very good indeed for it's age. Printed in Latin.
A Rare 1788 British Light Dragoon Officer's Sabre, Superb Blade With highly detailed extravagently engraved blade with a mounted dragoon officer, a head of the Grand Turk, bearing a British ordnance inspection stamp. In it's original leather and steel mounted scabbard. The 1788 Pattern Light Cavalry Sabre (1788 LC) is an example of an early “slashing” British weapon. Blade lengths were from 32 to 35.5 inches with pronounced curves, fullered, and tapered to spear points. The single bar “D” shaped knucklebow was about as plain as could be, the grip of ridged wood, and covered with thin black leather. Prior to 1788 British cavalry regiments were armed at the whim of their commanding officers. Though broad similarities existed in the type of sword used within the heavy cavalry as a whole, and again within the light cavalry, much variation in length of blade and other characteristics were found. A Board of General Officers convened in 1788 under General Henry Seymour Conway, after examining specimens of the swords presently in use, produced two patterns of sword one for the heavy the other for the light regiments. These patterns were far from specific and the method of testing blades was far from rigorous. However, this process enabled the British cavalry to enter the Revolutionary War with a certain uniformity of cavalry sword provision. Solingen marking to the blade's back edge. Overall blade is bright polish, the exterior blackened, and a combat strike hairline crack by the engraved hussar.
A Rare 1840 Constabulary Carbine Bayonet with Deep Defensive Sword Cut With spring recess in the blade [no spring]. The most amazing feature of this bayonet is that it has parried a sword thrust, which has deeply cut into the blade elbow. A fabulous battle scar that undoubtedly saved the mans life. The socket is numbered 60. Ordnance stamped blade
A Rare 1928 Graf Zeppelin Porcelain Wall Plaque Depicting the LZ127 Graf Zeppelin. By Heinrich and Co. Inscribed on the reverse Forrngebung Fachoberiehrer, W-Veit Decoration Facheihrer Otto Keitel, Entwurf begutachtet una genehmigt von der Luftshiffbau Zeppelin Gmbh Friedrichshafen 1928, Ges Geschutzt -- 9.75in. (25cm.) diameter The LZ-127, Graf Zeppelin, was arguably the most important zeppelin ever, the airship that put post WW I German aviation back on the map. Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin inaugurated German lighter-than-air aviation at the turn of the 20th Century. His zeppelins caught the German public’s imagination, and they became extremely popular. During WW I, his zeppelins flew for both the Army and Navy. Once more, the zeppelins caught the German people’s imagination. Even civilians and military officers who were bombing targets, both on the continent and in England, were impressed by the giant machines. Graf von Zeppelin died in 1917, and his company, which passed to Hugo Eckner’s management, faced difficult times in post WW I Germany. As a part of Germany’s war reparations, the Zeppelin Company built and delivered the LZ-126 (eventually renamed the U.S.S. Los Angeles) to the U.S. Navy in 1924. Eckner personally commanded the LZ-126 on the flight to the U.S. The engendered excitement allowed the company to build the LZ-127, eventually known as the "Graf Zeppelin." It was placed in service in 1928. The Graf Zeppelin remained in service from September 1928 until a month after the Hindenburg exploded in New Jersey in May 1937. During this time, the "Graf Zeppelin" flew almost six hundred flights and covered more than one million miles. With the destruction of the "Hindenburg," the zeppelin era sadly came to an end. During her nine years of flight, the LZ-127 circled the globe, flying from Europe to the USA and on to Asia. She even had numerous voyages to South America. It was travel on a grand scale for less-than-thirty lucky people at a time. A crew of about twenty-four served the passengers. Trips from Germany to the U.S. were much faster than any other vessel of the time. Life aboard the "Graf Zeppelin" was very gracious.
A Rare 1944 'D-Day' Pattern British Army Helmet with Camouflage British D-Day issue helmets are now pretty rare but with original camouflage paint is extraordinarily rare. The Mk III Helmet was a steel military combat helmet first developed for the British Army in 1941 by the Medical Research Council. First worn in combat by British and Canadian troops on D-Day, the Mk III was used alongside the Brodie helmet for the remainder of the Second World War. It is sometimes referred to as the "turtle" helmet by collectors, because of its vague resemblance to a turtle shell, as well as the 1944 pattern helmet.The Mark III helmet was designed to provide better protection for the side of the head than its predecessor. It was a deeper helmet with a smaller brim and provided 38% more protection than the Mark II, particularly at the sides (total area of head protection was increased by 12%, horizontal protection was increased by 15% and from items falling from overhead by 11%). The Mark III helmet was issued primarily to assault troops for the Normandy invasion in June 1944, and a large number of helmets from British stocks were issued to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division in addition to British units. Small numbers also went to the 2nd and 4th Canadian Divisions. All Mark III helmets in Canadian stores were returned to the UK shortly after the end of World War II. After a brief period the MK III was replaced with the MKIV.
A Rare 2nd Regiment NSW Volunteer Infantry Helmet Badge Circa Silvered brass hat badge with centrally mounted Maltese cross featuring a number '2' within a circle in the centre. The cross is surmounted by a large Kings Crown and surrounded by a wreath of waratahs with intertwined scrolls. The scroll on the left reads 'NUMERO SECUNDUS' and the right scroll reads 'NULLI SECUNDUS'. Beneath the cross on a central scroll is 'VIRTUTE' and 'SECOND REGT INFANTRY'. The back of the badge has three lugs for attaching it to the hat. They have a near identical example in the Australian War Memorial Collection that may be associated with the Ferguson family from Goulburn as it was found in the personal affects of 9146 Gunner Leopold Ferguson who was killed on 9 June 1917 while serving with the Australian Imperial Force.
A Rare 6 Shot US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. Beautifully engraved with scrolling and rococo curls. Very fine original grips, good blued cylinder and barrel. Good action. Moore's address to the barrel. The Moore Caliber .32 Teat-fire, which used a unique cartridge to get around the Rollin White patent owned by Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson, proved very popular during the Civil War, with both soldiers and civilians. The "Teat-fire" cartridges did not have a rim at the back like conventional cartridges, but were rounded at the rear, with a small "teat" that would protrude through a tiny opening in the rear of the cylinder. The priming mixture was contained in the "teat" and when the hammer struck it, the cartridge would fire. Thus, it was akin to a rimfire cartridge, but instead of having priming all the way around the edge of the rim, it is centrally located in the teat. Moore's Calibre .32 Teat-fire Pocket Revolver proved very popular during the American Civil War, with both soldiers and civilians. National Arms produced the revolvers from 1864, when it was acquired by Colt's Manufacturing Company As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare and Collectable WW2 Japanese Officer's Shingunto Sword Hanger Very rare to survive the war as so few were taken from the Japanese officers by allied combatants on their surrender. Plaited leather with metal spring clasp and hook mount. Photo in the gallery of three surrendering Japanese officer's, each one still wearing their plaited leather sword belt hanger, none of which have been surrendered with the swords.
A Rare And Interesting Imperial German Postal Official's Sword & Portopee. With imperial German eagle motif on the shell guard, wire boung grip. Brass mounted leather scabbard. Upon the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the break-up of the German Confederation in the Peace of Prague, the North German Confederation was established, instigated by the Prussian minister-president Otto von Bismarck. Originally a military alliance, it evolved to a federation with the issuing of a constitution with effect from 1 July 1867. In the course of the war, Prussian troops had occupied the Free City of Frankfurt and the Kaiser had purchased the remnants of the Thurn-und-Taxis Post organisation. According to article 48, the federal area of the Northern German states, de facto an enlarged Prussia, came under the united postal authority, led by director Heinrich von Stephan. With the German unification upon the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, the Deutsche Reichspost was established as a state monopoly and became the official national postal authority of the German Empire including the annexed province of Alsace-Lorraine. Its official name was Kaiserliche Post und Telegraphenverwaltung. The Southern German federated states of Baden (until 1872), Württemberg (until 1902) and Bavaria initially maintained separate state post authorities, that nevertheless were integrated into the nation-wide administration. On 1 January 1876 a Reichspostamt under Postmaster General von Stephan was split off Bismarck's Reich Chancellery as a government agency in its own right. In World War I, a Reichsabgabe tax was levied on the postal traffic from 1 August 1916 in order to finance the war expenses. The main photograph is a tad unkempt as it's size is difficult to photograph.
A Rare Central Indian 18th C.Battle Axe, Used in Chinese Boxer Rebellion Brought Back From the Boxer Rebellion and used in the Ching Dynasty, but likely imported from central India in the middle of the 18th century. A very rare Central Indian battle axe, that somehow has ended it's working life used by a Boxer, in the rebellion. Part of a small colonial collection of antique arms that have just arrived. A super fighting axe that can be used in conjunction with the Chinese Dao fighting sword.The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement was a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement called the "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" in China, but known as the "Boxers" in English. The main 'Boxer' era occured between 1898 and 1901. This fascinating era was fairly well described in the Hollywood movie classic ' 55 Days in Peking' Starring Charlton Heston and David Niven. The film gives a little background of Ching Dynasty's humiliating military defeats suffered during the Opium Wars, Sino-French War and Sino-Japanese war or the effect of the Taiping Rebellion in weakening the Ching [Qing] Dynasty.Pictures in the gallery of a watercolour of the Boxers [1900] and the combat in the siege. A photo in the gallery shows a contemporary group of Boxers in Peking during the seige of the legations. For information only not included
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing, a 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Chinese Nationalist Army Officer's Dagger Model 1924, Used In WW2 A rare original example of these much modern copied pre war Chinese daggars. Used by officer's trained under Chiang Kai-shek, that fought the Japanese in WW2. With tortoishell wire bound grip with twin panels. Double sided blade in a steel scabbard with brass emblematic mounts. In untouched 'sleeper' condition for the past 65 plus years, so it appears rather surface untidy, but the steel should polish very well indeed [but the brass should be left with it's natural patina]. Likely awarded at the Whampoa Military Academy before WW2. China in 1937 was still a deeply divided country, and the KMT government could not rely on all its nominal forces equally. Rebellions and other disloyalties by various regional military commanders throughout the 1930s had made Chiang Kai-shek very suspicious of a large part of his forces. The most loyal and therefore best-trained and equipped troops were aproximately 380,000 men of Chiang Kai-shek’s own pre-1934 army, most of whom had been trained by German instructors. They were commanded by graduates of the Whampoa Military Academy in Canton, which Chiang had himself commanded in 1924, creating an educated and politically reliable officer corps for the KMT army. Picture in the gallery of Chairman Chiang Kai-shek
A Rare Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857 A Scarce Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857. The Royal mounted personal bodyguard of Her Majesty Quenn Victoria. Gilt hilt of boatshell form with flat left side with distinctive elevated pommel button, original copper silvered wire bound grip, in very nice order. There are two identical swords of this kind in York Castle museum, once worn by Sir William Fraser, 1st Life Guards, also a small number at Windsor Castle Royal Collection, and two in the National Army museum, one being formerly worn by General Lord Hill of the Life Guards. The hilt of this sword is in very nice condition for age with some good original gilt remaining, the blade is good in the most part but bears some old corrosion at the bottom half up to the three quarter level. The scabbard gilt mounts are present but the leather has old rudimentary repairs. This is rare sword of it's form, and it is very inexpensive due to it's scabbard condition etc. However the leather could be repaired. A picture in the gallery of the very period of Life Guards officer who would have worn this sword.
A Rare German 'Prinzchen' Size Spange To the Iron Cross Deluxe smaller than usual dress size in original makers box, and all original frost and polished finish. The prinzchen size is rare and most highly prized, especially if still in original box of issue. If the recipient of the 1939 Iron Cross has been decorated with one or both classes of the Iron cross of World War I, he will then receive a silver clasp showing the National Eagle with the year 1939. The clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd class will be worn attached to a ribbon in the button hole. The 1939 1st Class clasp will be worn attached to the tunic above the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class. 2 fixing pins. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Rare Imperial German 'Upgraded' WW2 Kriegsmarine Officer's Dirk A World War I Imperial German naval officer's dagger that has been upgraded for service in the Third Reich era and WW2. Most usually daggers of this rarity were the preserve of senior naval officers of WW2, that had served as young officers in the WW1 Imperial German navy, and allowed to upgrade their old service officer's dirk into a current WW2 service pattern dirk. It has a stunning Imperial period hammered deluxe grade scabbard [1902 pattern] with oak leaf hanger bands and rope twist ring hangers. A double sailing ship etched Imperial blade [tip shortened] with two sailing ships and traditional fouled anchor, and an upgraded Third Reich eagle and swastika hilt pommel with wire bound ivorine grip. Much of the original gilt is present and the blade bears just a little age staining. Daggers of this form are now exceedingly rare, highly desirable, and much sought after by collectors. Admiral Doenitz carried the same kind of dagger from his WW1 service into WW2.
A Rare Imperial German Postal Sword Nickel plated hilt, wire grip, plain single shell guard, single edged etched blade. This is a very scarce sword, we have only previously had the Prussian type [with Prussian Eagle Guard] see page 399 John R Angolia 'Swords of Germany 1900/1945'. This has the plain guard for a different Imperial State's service.No scabbard.
A Rare Imperial Russian and Bavarian, Uhlan and Hussars Regimental Sword Named to the elite Kaiser Nicholas II Von Russland Regiment. A rare sword, and from a very desireable Uhlan Hussar regiment of Czar Nicholas II of Russia, in the King of Bavaria's Cavalry. The blade is fully etched with the Czars name and the hilt bears the Royal crest of the Kingdom of Bavaria. The blade does have some plating loss so it's condition is only average, but this is a very rare sword, with superb collectable interest of both the Imperial Russian, and, the Imperial German period just before the Great War and the Russian Revolution. A sword, made around 1900, that crosses numerous historical territories within the greatest period of upheavel in both those Empire's history. Naturally it also has considerble interest to British collectors as both Czar Nicholas and Kaiser Willhelm were cousin's of King George Vth, and the Czar was Britain's ally against Germany. Lacking scabbard.The background of the etching is blackened and now flaking, it makes the section very difficult to photograph. Some restoration or polishing may bring good results in returning the inscription to it's original state. In better order we would estimate it's value to us would be closer to £3000.
A Rare Iron Medievil Hand Cannon Circa 1500 A most impressive yet fairly small peice of original, early ordnance. Made around the time of the Siege of Rhodes by Suleiman the Magnificent against the Knights of St John. It is thought that gunpowder was invented in China and found its way to Europe in the 13th Century. In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in common use. By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops.Hand cannon' date of origin ranges around 1350. Hand cannon were inexpensive to manufacture, but not accurate to fire. Nevertheless, they were employed for their shock value. In 1492 Columbus carried one on his discovery exploration to the Americas. Conquistadors Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizzaro also used them, in 1519 and 1533, during their respective conquests and colonization of Mexico and Peru. Not primary arms of war, hand cannon were adequate tools of protection for fighting men. 4.5 inches x 4.5 inches x11,5 inches weight approx 20 Kilos
A Rare James Rodgers of Sheffield Knife-Pistol Circa 1838 Nickle barrel with a single bead sight, marked with a pair of Birmingham proofs on the upper left flat, and fitted with a central nipple and straight spur hammer. Equipped with a pair of folding blades, 3.25" and 1" in length, with "JAMES/ RODGERS/ SHEFFIELD" on both ricasso, mounted on either side of the folding trigger. Horn grips, with a storage compartment in the butt, flanked by a bullet scissor mould and tweezers held in the grips. The action main spring is at fault. A rare and most collectable gadget gun that is very inexpensively priced bearing in mind the condition. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare Japanese Edo Period Samurai Battle Bow [daikyu] With Quiver A wonderful original antique Samurai bow [daikyu] [71 inches long, Yonsun-nobi], Edo Era, with arrows in a lacquered woven rattan arrow covered quiver [yabira yazutsu] with two arrows [ya]. Edo period [1599 -1863] The lidded quiver is decorated with a spiral and geometric pattern. These Bow and Quiver sets are very rarely to be seen and we consider ourselves very fortunate, indeed priveledged, to offer one. It was from the use of the war bow or longbow in particular that Chinese historians called the Japanese 'the people of the longbow'. As early as the 4th century archery contests were being held in Japan. In the Heian period (between the 8th and 12th centuries) archery competitions on horseback were very popular and during this time training in archery was developed. Archers had to loose their arrows against static and mobile targets both on foot and on horseback. The static targets were the large kind or o-mato and was set at thirty-three bow lengths and measured about 180cm in diameter; the deer target or kusajishi consisted of a deer's silhouette and was covered in deer skin and marks indicated vital areas on the body; and finally there was the round target or marumono which was essentially a round board, stuffed and enveloped in strong animal skin. To make things more interesting for the archer these targets would be hung from poles and set in motion so that they would provide much harder targets to hit. Throughout feudal Japan indoor and outdoor archery ranges could be found in the houses of every major samurai clan. Bow and arrow and straw targets were common sights as were the beautiful cases which held the arrows and the likewise ornate stands which contained the bow. These items were prominent features in the houses of samurai. The typical longbow, or war bow (daikyu), was made from deciduous wood faced with bamboo and was reinforced with a binding of rattan to further strengthen the composite weapon together. To waterproof it the shaft was lacquered, and was bent in the shape of a double curve. The bowstring was made from a fibrous substance originating from plants (usually hemp or ramie) and was coated with wax to give a hard smooth surface and in some cases it was necessary for two people to string the bow. Bowstrings were often made by skilled specialists and came in varying qualities from hard strings to the soft and elastic bowstrings used for hunting; silk was also available but this was only used for ceremonial bows. Other types of bows existed. There was the short bow, one used for battle called the hankyu, one used for amusement called the yokyu, and one used for hunting called the suzume-yumi. There was also the maru-ki or roundwood bow, the shige-no-yumi or bow wound round with rattan, and the hoko-yumi or the Tartar-shaped bow. Every Samurai was expected to be an expert in the skill of archery, and it presented the various elements, essence and the representation of the Samurai's numerous skills, for hunting and combat all inextricably linked together. The Bow is 71 inches long.
A Rare Lot A Superb FS Knife and Badges of a D.Day Free French SAS Commando Original WW2 Fairbairn Sykes 'FS' Special Forces knife with ribbed metal grip marked mould number 3, with original scabbard. Straight crossguard and blued double edged diamond section blade. Leather scabbard very combat worn but still present. With his original, rare, WW2 'Free French Libres' Cross of Lorraine enamel Commando issue breast badge, with original reg. number to the reverse. The badge that was first officially issued to the naval officers of the Forces Navale Francaises Libres, then to SAS and commandos. Also his post D Day invasion badge of a red, white and blue wooden badge, mounted on a small orange ribbon, with English message 'Welkom' in orange. Given to him by joyous liberated Netherlanders during his April 1945 SAS operation to capture Dutch canals and prevent their use by the Germans. Operation Dingson (5–18 June 1944) was an operation in the Second World War, conducted by 17 Free French paratroops of the 4th Special Air Service (SAS), commanded by Colonel Pierre-Louis Bourgoin, who jumped into German occupied France near Vannes, Morbihan, Southern Brittany, in Plumelec, on the night of 5 June 1944 (11 h 30) with Captain Pierre Marienne and 17 men, then advanced to Saint-Marcel (8–18 June). At this time, there were approximately 100,000 German troops, and artillery, preparing to move to the Normandy landing areas. Immediately upon landing in Brittany, on the night of 5 June 1944 (11 h 30), the Free French SAS who jumped in near Plumelec, went into action fighting against German troops (Vlassov's army). One hour later (0 h 40), the first victim of the liberation of his country, Corporal Emile Bouétard (born 1915 in Brittany) was killed near Plumelec. The Free French SAS established a base (Saint-Marcel) and began to arm and equip members of local resistance fighters, operating with up to 3,000 Maquis fighters. However, their base was heavily attacked by a German paratroop division on 18 June and was forced to disperse. Captain Pierre Marienne with 17 of his companions (6 paratroopers, 8 resistance fighters and 3 farmers) died a few weeks later in Kerihuel, Plumelec, (12 July at dawn). The Dingson team was joined by the men who had just completed Operation Cooney. Dingson was conducted alongside Operation Samwest and Operation Lost. The Netherlands action was called Operation Amhers, it was a Free French and British SAS attack designed to capture intact Dutch canals, bridges and airfields during World War II. It was led by Brigadier Mike Calvert of Chindit fame. The operation began with the drop of 700 French Special Air Service troopers of 3 and 4 SAS (French) on the night of 7 April 1945. The teams spread out to capture and defend key facilities from the Germans. Advancing Canadian troops of the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment relieved the isolated French SAS.
A Rare Namibian Ovambo [War Axe] 19th century.Good condition nice carving with iron axe blade.
A Rare Original Easter Rising Period, Zeppelin Raid WW1 Newsagent's Poster Headlines from the days edition of the Morning News Tuesday, April 25th 1916, reporting the news from the day before. On that Monday, the 24th Rebels failed to take Dublin Castle The rebels turn out in reduced numbers in Dublin and begin operations at noon, seizing the General Post Office, Boland's Mill, the South Dublin Union, Jacob's factory and other buildings. The rebels fail to capture the largely undefended centre of the administration at Dublin Castle but occupy the adjacent City Hall instead. Patrick Pearse reads the Proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the GPO. Transport and distribution services break down throughout the city. Large scale looting begins in the O'Connell St area. During the night, government troops quietly occupy the Shelbourne Hotel, occupying a commanding position overlooking the Citizen Army positions in St Stephen's Green. There are German Zeppelin raids on the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk and an aeroplane attack on Dover. The poster headlines the Zeppelin Raid, The heavy fighting in Egypt and the German defeat in South West Africa. Sold unframed. 25inches x 19 inches unframed
A Rare Pair of Antique Ottoman Empire Iron Stirrups A pair of antique 17th to 18th century Turkish Ottoman Empire russet iron stirrups of characteristic form, with broad arch treads. All steel construction in the early style that goes back to the mediaeval period. One picture in the gallery shows Fatih Sultan Mehmet II [using his identical stirrups] entering Constantinople, after his conquest, in 1453
A Rare Pair of WW2 Royal Australian Airforce Pilot's Wings in Cloth Very scarce and highly collectable pair of pilots wings in jolly nice order just a little faded. When war against Germany was declared approximately 450 Australian pilots were serving with the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the United Kingdom (UK). Personnel from No 10 Squadron were also en route to the UK to take delivery of nine Short Sunderland flying boats. They remained in Britain for the duration of the War operating with RAF Coastal Command, earning an outstanding reputation. Representatives of Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand reached agreement at Ottawa, Canada, on 27 November 1939 to participate in the Empire Air Training Scheme (EATS). This scheme was to train aircrew for service with the Royal Air Force. Basic training was completed in Australia before undertaking advanced training in Canada (674 personnel also received training in Rhodesia) before service with the RAF. The first 34 Australians graduated from RAAF Service Flying Training Schools on 18 November 1940, with a further 37,000 aircrew eventually trained in Australia. To meet this commitment, the RAAF established 2 Air Navigation Schools, 3 Air Observers Schools, 3 Bombing and Gunnery Schools, 12 Elementary Flying Training Schools, 6 Initial Flying Training Schools and 8 Service Flying Training Schools. In addition, 7 Schools of Technical Training and other specialised technical schools were established to train ground crews in the maintenance of aircraft and equipment. The duration of World War II saw 15,746 RAAF pilots, navigators, wireless operators, gunners and engineers sent to British squadrons and 11,641 to Australian squadrons. These men exemplified themselves in every major campaign front from the Battle of France, Battle of Britain, Normandy invasion, Egypt, the Middle East, Germany, Battle of the Atlantic, the defence of Malta, liberation of Italy, the Battles of the Coral and Bismarck Seas, Defence of Australia, to fighting in India, Burma, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Pacific. When the armistice with Japan was signed on 15 August 1945, the RAAF in the Pacific had a total strength of 131,662 personnel and 3,187 front line aircraft. First Tactical Air Force, the major operational formation, had grown to 18,894 men in April 1945 and operated 20 operational squadrons. In addition to its execution of numerous air operations, the RAAF had also pioneered the development and operation of radar and operated its own shipping in the South West Pacific Area. The RAAF legacy of the Second World War is a proud one, with it now the world's 4th largest Air Force.
A Rare Prussian-British Experimental Sword of 1850. The Royal Engineers Driver's Sword Model 1850. This sword was a Prussian experimental cavalry sword that was once issued for testing to a limited number of Prussian Hussar regiments in 1850. It was in fact not actually approved by the Prussians, but it's form was continued and developed until it's successor sword eventually evolved to become the Prussian Model 1852 Cavalry Hussar Sabre. Those experimental swords were withdrawn by Prussia and they were placed in storage in Liege for disposal. There was an article published in the "Deutsches Waffen Journal" about a sword that is a pair to this sword. On that sword, on the guard, was the regimental marking of the 4th squadron, Prussian Garde-Husaren regiment and on the spine of blade a crowned FW 50 and german D mark. This confirms it was the Prussian Hussar experimental issue of 1850. On the ricasso was an S&K marking with Crowned L 8 and two British Ordnance broad arrows to show that sword was also re issued to the British army. So, these very rarely seen swords are recorded as the Royal Engineers 1850 Driver's pattern swords, but they were originally the Prussian experimental Hussar swords, that after disapproval were then removed to Liege and later sold to the British Ordnance through the Liege armourers. Our example is very worn indeed, in fact none of it's original markings are still visible at all unfortunately. However, it is a most rare and fascinating piece, that until our extensive research [lasting many days], we believed to be a simple, and un-interesting Prussian sabre of unknown parentage.To collectors of British and Prussian swords this would make a most fascinating addition, especially, that if particularly searched for, it may take many years to find another. All over russetted, no scabbard, damaged grip.
A Rare Scottish Kincardineshire 2nd/21st A.H.R.H, Glengarry Badge A fine and very rare original Victorian Scottish 2nd 21st (Aboyne) H Company, Kincardineshire Rifle Volunteers Victorian OR's glengarry badge. Badge of a sword bearing demi-lion centre upon a plinth ‘2nd 21st AHRV’ and motto Defence Not Defiance’ on circular strap, excellent condition. Due to concerns by the British Government of invasion the Rifle Volunteer companies were formed in the mid 19th century in order to provide a service of well trained and highly dedicated riflemen to be on constant alert to defend our shores. The Scottish element of the volunteers were particular fine body of men, and even formed Highland versions for Scottish men who lived and worked away from Scotland in England, for example in both London and Liverpool. We show a fine original photograph of three such fine officers from the Argyll Rifle Volunteers. Note how magnificent their uniform apparel looks, and how obviously pround they are to wear it.
A Rare US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. A rare Moore's patent .32 cal. Teat Fire revolver. Finely engraved silver plated frame, birds head butt. Good action. Fine over lacquered grips. The Teat Fire system, patented by Moore, was a most unusual front loading cartridge action, and his .45 calibre version, of the same action gun, is one of the rarest and most collectable guns of that era. Designed and made in 1864, during the Civil War, this is a very fine pocket sized revolver that saw much good service as a back-up or defensive arm for officers, and was very popular with riverboat and saloon gamblers, such as Doc Holliday and George Devol. There is a picture of an antique 19th century poster advertising Devol's gambling book. For information only not included. It utilized a special .32 caliber teat-fire cartridge designed by Daniel Moore and David Williamson. It was loaded from the front with the "teat" to the rear. This 6 shot revolver has a 3¼" barrel. Overall it measures 7-1/8" It has a fine silver plated frame. The barrel has some remaining original deep blue finish. The bird's head butt has 2 piece walnut grips. This model has a small hinged swivel gate on the right side of the barrel lug in front of the cylinder that prevents the cartridges from falling out after they are inserted. The barrel markings are "MOORE'S PAT. FIREARMS CO. BROOKLYN, N.Y.", in a single line on the top
A Rare Victorian King's Own Royal Lancaster Regt. Helmet Plate. In superb condition. The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army. It served under various titles and fought in many wars and conflicts, including both the First and Second World Wars, from 1680 to 1959. The regiment's first battle honour was gained at Namur (1695) during the War of the Augsburg League, 1688-1697. Soon after, they saw action at Gibraltar in 1704-1705, Guadeloupe 1759, and St. Lucia 1778. In 1746, the regiment received most of the government casualties at the Battle of Culloden. During the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment fought at Corunna, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, San Sebastian, Nive, Bladensburg, and Waterloo. During the Crimean War, the regiment fought at Alma, Inkerman, and Sevastopol. It also saw action in Abyssinia in 1868, South Africa in 1879 and from 1899 to 1902, where it took part in the Relief of Ladysmith. The regiment also saw colonial service in Australia from 1832 until 1837, being stationed variously at Tasmania, Sydney, Victoria, South Australia, and the Swan River Colony under the command of Lieut. Colonel J. K. McKenzie. The following members of the regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross: Private (later Sergeant) Thomas Grady, Crimean War Private Albert Halton, 1st Battalion, Great War Private Harry Christian, 2nd Battalion, Great War Lance-Sergeant Tom Fletcher Mayson, 1/4th Battalion, Great War Second Lieutenant Joseph Henry Collin, 1/4th Battalion, Great War Lance-Corporal (later Corporal) James Hewitson, 1/4th Battalion, Great War Lance-Corporal Jack White, 6th (Service) Battalion, Great War Private James Miller, 7th (Service) Battalion, Great War Corporal Thomas Neely, 8th (Service) Battalion, Great War
A Rare WW1 Russian Romanov Era Poster of Czar Nicolas Iind Period Showing a monoplane crashing into a Zeppelin and the men jumping for their lives. Published date of 1914. Early Russian posters are now becoming extraordinarily collectable. Another poster for the Battleship Potemkin Russian movie, designed by the Stenberg brothers in 1925, sold in November 2012 for 103,250 Pounds Sterling at Christies Auction in London. It arranged class elements into a powerful design of revolutionary upheaval. Approx 21 inches x 15.75 inches sold unmounted
A Rare WW2 Female Propaganda Poster, 'Women Join The ATS' In exceptional condition. A superb piece of original WW2 memorabilia, plus a wonderful piece of original WW2 artwork. Posters for many years are passionately collectable and very valuable and these wonderful WW2 British propaganda examples are still very affordable, and in many respects much undervalued compared to similar period movie posters that can now fetch many thousands of pounds. Although we are very rarely consider purely investment considerations in our line of country, we believe there is huge potential for investment in these wonderful art forms. Some original posters of WW2 when the turn up can now fetch well over a £1,000. And 'Keep Calm and Carry On' is now worth over £2,000. WW2 female services items are particularly collectable today, and this one is a particularly nice example, highly evocative of the era.Sold unframed. 20 x 30 inches in original stored folded condition.
A Rare WW2 Japanese Jungle Sword, Made from a Captured Dutch Sword Under German occupation itself, the Netherlands had little ability to defend its colony against the Japanese army, and less than three months after the first attacks on Kalimantan the Japanese navy and army overran Dutch and allied forces, ending 300 years of Dutch colonial presence in Indonesia. A lot of their weaponry was captured, and some were converted for use by the Imperial Japanese Army. The Dutch cutlass or klewang was one such weapon. These Japanese adapted weapons have very distinctive features such as the cutlass bowl hilt being removed, and the swords were then re-issued to the Japanese forces for use in the Jungles of Burma etc. They are very scarcely seen rare items these days and highly sought after. There is a near identical example to be seen in the British Royal Maritime Collection.
A Rare WW2 [Kriegsmarine U-Boat and Battleship] 10.5cm Anti Ship Shell Superbly Kriegsmarine waffenamt marked and dated 1939. As used on the capitol ships such as the Bismark, Graf Spee, Scharnhorst and Tirpitz, and also used on the U-boats that uprated their deck cannon from 88mm [Short] to 105mm. 10.5cm Schiffskanone (Antiship Cannon) A 105mm calibre gun was installed on the Type IA and Type IX U-boats. It had an improved range and was more powerful than the 88mm, with each round weighing around 51 pounds (23.3kg). It shared the identical gun platform with the 88mm and had no gun shield. There were two standard deck guns during World War II; the 8.8cm (on Type VII) and the 10.5cm (on Type IX). The U-boat however, was a poor gun platform since it rolled a lot, and ocean waves frequently washed over, making the gun platform slippery and hazardous. To prevent the crews from being washed over, they were fastened with life lines. A further factor was deck guns had no range finders, so engagements had to be done at close range. Depending on sea and weather conditions, it was also not possible man the deck gun at all times. The deck gun also contributed much to hydrodynamic resistance, slowing the underwater speed and increasing crash dive time. Indeed, deck gun engagements made the U-boat very vulnerable; since the gun and ammunition had to be secured and the crew had to get below deck, all of which meant that it took much longer than usual to submerge. The deck gun was principally intended as a defensive weapon against small surface vessels, for which the torpedo was not a suitable weapon. During World War I however, it was discovered that deck guns were quite effective when used against stragglers and helped save scarce torpedoes. During World War II, as convoys became better protected, and merchantmen began to be armed with makeshift defensive guns, the deck gun was used less frequently. Eventually, BdU phased them out, though some U-boats still retained the deck guns. This shell is fully Kriegsmarine marked. 3 photos in the gallery of 10.5cm ammunition loading onto the Tirpitz and the 10.5cm guns on the Graf Spee and the Scharnhorst. It was an immensely effective round, also used on the Marine pivot Lafette mount. Shell overall 41.5 inches long. Inert empty and safe, but not suitable for export or for sale to under 18's..
A Rare, Early Soviet CCCP Propaganda Poster, Pre WW2. Showing in the foreground an armed worker with rifle over his left shoulder and a hammer in his other hand. Striding alongside a female rather oddly depicted wearing a gasmask, also with a rifle with bayonet over her right shoulder. The background shows a dam, airships emitting lightning, biplanes, factories, a tractor, marching soldiers with workers and a tank. Printed and published in the early years following the October Revolution. Soviet posters of the first two decades following the October Revolution – the period when a grandiose attempt to build a new society and a new world in Russia was most intense and driven by their belief in the real possibility to do that. In other words, it was driven by a vision of Utopia, that was quickly followed by the equally fictional Dystopia, that was actualy closer to their reality of suffering, than was the dream of Utopia. Sold unmounted. 25.5 inches x 36 inches Would look stunning with a fine quality frame.
A Rare, Nazi, Zeppelin Napkin Ring, in Hallmarked German Silver by Wellner From an exclusive small collection of Zeppelin memorabilia we have acquired. We have only ever had two of these Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei napkin rings before in the last 10 years, all made by Wellner. Made by one of Hitler's two most favoured personal silversmiths. The design has the German Zeppelin Co. logo, of the Third Reich Zeppelin, the Hindenburg, flying across the globe, with the eagle and swastika, the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei. In March 1935, the South Atlantic flights became the responsibility of Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei, after this company had been set up jointly by L