HOME PAGECONTACT USABOUT USANNOUNCEMENTSTERMSON-LINE SHOPVIEW BASKETPRIVACY POLICY


Register Now!

If you would like us to send you an email whenever we add new stock please enter your email address below and click GO.

Email

Please view one of the Largest, Old Established Sources, of Antique and Vintage Swords, Arms, Armour And Military Books in Europe.

Japanese Samurai Swords and Napoleonic Weaponry are our Specialities. Original Ancient Weaponry and Militaria from the Bronze Age to the Gulf War.

Enter our webstore and view the very best selection of original Antique Samurai Swords, Militaria, American Swords, British Sabres. We also stock Brown Bess Muskets, Flintlock Pistols, Baker Rifles, Islamic Swords, Russian Guns, Martini Henry Rifles, American Civil War Revolvers and Rifles, Wild West Pistols. We also sell Naval Cutlass, Medals, Helmets, fine Blunderbuss, Suits of Armour, Cannons, Deactivated Guns, Percussion Guns etc.


Nominated and Shortlisted as

THE BEST SPECIALIST AND COLLECTABLES SHOP IN BRITAIN
for the 2001 BaCa
BRITISH ANTIQUES AND COLLECTABLE AWARDS
presented by
MILLER'S Antiques Guide & THE BBC HOMES & ANTIQUES MAGAZINE

Website designed & maintained by Concept500

The items of militaria shown below can be viewed in our on-line shop complete with full descriptions, photographs and prices.

British Basket-Hilted Swords: A Typology of Basket-Type Sword Hilts Hardcover by Cyril Mazansky. The phrase basket-type hilts refers to a large group of hilts which provide a degree of protection to the hand and wrist. Basket-hilted swords have featured prominently among British military edged weapons over the past five centuries, from the Wars of the Roses in the mid fifteenth century to the period immediately after the second Boer War of the early twentieth century. In setting out to give a full account of the hilt type, and the many variants within it, the first necessity has been to provide an appropriate terminology to employ in cataloguing and describing individual examples. The book, well illustrated with 100 black and white illustrations, falls into several parts, dealing successively with general aspects of various hilt types and discussion of typological methodology, the three major groups of basket-hilted swords, the diverse group of incomplete basket hilts, 'mortuary' hilts, and hilts closely related to 'mortuary' hilts. CYRIL MAZANSKY's expertise in British military swords grew out of his interest in aspects of British military history. His large collection of British military swords may be seen at Brown University, donated by the author. Remarkable. The best book on British swords to be published for over a generation. Hardcover: 318 pages
'The Metropolitan' Royal Irish Constabulary Whistle & Chain.Early Issue1885 Made by Hudson and Co. 131 Barr St. [the address changed in 1888 to 13 Barr St.]. J. Hudson & Co. won the contract for supplying the Metropolitan Police with whistles in 1883. And with rare exceptions, 19th century stamps bearing a specific Police Force name are either made by Hudson or Dowler. The Royal Irish Constabulary was Ireland's armed police force from the early nineteenth century until 1922. A separate civic police force, the unarmed Dublin Metropolitan Police controlled the capital, and the cities of Derry and Belfast, originally with their own police forces, later had special divisions within the RIC. About seventy-five percent of the RIC were Roman Catholic and about twenty-five percent were of various Protestant denominations. The RIC's successful system of policing influenced the Canadian North-West Mounted Police (predecessor of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police), the Victoria Police force in Australia, and the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary in Newfoundland. In consequence of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the RIC was disbanded in 1922 and was replaced by the Garda Síochána in the Irish Free State and the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Northern Ireland.
16th Cent. Close Helmet Formerly of the William Randolph Hearst Collection A fine 1590 close helmet, probably Italian, with funery face visor. Fine original brass rose head rivets. A stunning piece with amazing provenance, owned by one of the greatest yet notorious men in world publishing history. William Randolph Hearst ( April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper Moghul, a publisher who built the nation’s largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism. His collecting took his agents around the Europe to acquire the finest treasures available, for his project of building the largest and finest private estate in the world, Hearst Castle in San Simeon. In much of this he succeeded. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887 after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World that led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world. He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909, for Governor of New York in 1906, and for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1910. Nonetheless, through his newspapers and magazines, he exercised enormous political influence, and was famously blamed for pushing public opinion with his yellow journalism type of reporting leading the United States into a war with Spain in 1898. His life story was the main inspiration for the development of the lead character in Orson Welles's film Citizen Kane. His mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, California, halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, was donated by the Hearst Corporation to the state of California in 1957, and is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark, open for public tours. Hearst formally named the estate La Cuesta Encantada (“The Enchanted Slope”), but he usually just called it “the ranch.” This helmet was acquired by Hearst for his mansion, Hearst Castle, but when his empire began to crumble much of his collection was sold at Gimbels In New York in 1941, which is where the Higgins Armory acquired this helmet. Orson Welles film, Citizen Kane, is thought by many to be one of the greatest masterpieces of film ever made, and it's portrayal of Charles Foster Kane was so mirroring WR Hearst that there was no doubt in any mind what it was meant to represent. So much so, Hearst dedicated some considerable time and effort during the next 10 years in order to destroy Orson Welles' career, and prevent him fulfilling his obvious potential as one of the greatest directors of all time. In much of this, once more, Hearst succeeded. Items from Hearst's collection rarely surface, as owners tend to keep hold of them for obvious reasons of historical posterity and provenance, and to be able to offer such a piece from that collection is a great privilege, and a rare opportunity for it's next fortunate owner.
16th to 17th Century German Broadsword Blade With three central fullers and armourer's mark of twin faced crescent moons, and hilt mounting tang. An identical blade, likely by the same maker, appears in "European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London" By Arthur Richard Dufty, Master of the Armouries [pub'ld 1974]. Photographed mounted on a sword shown on plate 13c, described as "A German Hand and a Half Sword, second half of the 16th century", that sword's blade bears the same crescent moon armourer's marks, blade noted as likely added to hilt. Ideal for either a collector's of old blades, or for mounting with a separated hilt, or for a historian who would like to own a blade similar to one in the Royal Collection in the Tower of London. Comparatively little is known about many European makers of arms and armour. The names of a few fourteenth-century armourers have come down to us, but substantial documentation begins only in the fifteenth century. The same holds true for the manufacture of sword blades, staff weapons, bows and crossbows, firearms, and ordnance (cannon founding), where famous names rarely appear before the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The modern concept of the individual artist begins to emerge only from the late fourteenth century onward, which may explain why, in the manufacture of arms and armour, cities and regions of origin often take precedence over the craftsman/artist. The names of Passau and Solingen were synonymous with sword blades: the famous Passau "trademark"—a running wolf incised on the blade—signified such exceptional quality, that during the fifteenth century, Solingen blade smiths began to copy the mark and apply it to their own blades. Several makers utilised the same mark, and the crescent moon and it's variations being another. Blade including tang 38 inches long, tang 3.4 inches long. Just a little surface pitting on the last eight inches of the tip on one side. Width of blade before the tang 1.75 inches. Excellent tempered tension to the blade.
1796 Heavy Cavalry Officers Sword, Broadsword Blade, Steel Combat Scabbard With it's original, very rarely surviving Georgian officer knot of soft fringed braid like tassels of silk and gold thread. Also one of it's original leather belt straps. A very good example of these most desirable of Georgian Swords used by an Officer in the Heavy Cavalry [with a combination, dress hilt and combat broadsword blade and original combat scabbard]. Traditional 'Boat Shaped hilt' in very good order, wood ribbed grip, broadsword blade with some traces of engraving, Used by an officer of the British Heavy cavalry. Most unusually the boat guard is mounted inverted. The Heavy Cavalry were seperated into two brigades at Waterloo. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st 'King's' Dragoon Guards The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English (1st, 'The Royals'), a Scottish (2nd, 'Scots Greys'), and an Irish (6th, 'Inniskilling') regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with the 47-year-old Uxbridge leading them and little reserve Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The British Heavy Cavalry, during the Peninsular War and at Waterloo it fought with incredible distinction and exemplary bravery, and saw some of the most incredible and courageous combat. Fighting the elite French Curassiers and Carabiniers of Napoleons Imperial Guard was no mean feat, for at the time the French Cavalry was some of the most formidable in the world, and at their very peak. Never again was the French Cavalry to be as respected and feared as it was during the great Napoleonic era. Some of the battles this may also have been used at were; [during 1808-14] The Peninsular Campaign, including, Salamanca , Toulouse, Albuera Talavera, Pyrenees then from 1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris 1815: and Quatre-Bras. The last photo in the gallery is of Lady Butler's painting, the Charge of the Scots Greys at Waterloo. One of the heavy cavalry regiments whose officers used this form of sword. [For information only not included]
1796 Infantry Sword of James Hilton, the 48th Foot, the Heroes of Talavera with photos of his Memoriam Card and medal [lacking two bars]. A sword that belonged to a man who served in the 48th foot, the Northamptonshire Regt. His name is inscribed on the folded guard of the gilt bronze hilt. It has a very good silver grip and typical blade. We have polished the silver grip but left the gilded hilt exactly as it is to show it's untouched authenticity. We show photos before and after polishing the silver grip. The memoriam card is a copy as is a photograph of his medal. These photographic copies are included with the sword [not the originals]. A Classic, Ornate, Sculpted Victorian "In Memoriam" Card documenting the Distinguished Military Career of James Hilton of Lancashire, England. Hilton fought with Wellington through the entire Peninsula War Campaign and earned the shown Victoria Medal with the following campaign bars: TALAVERA, ALBUERA, CUIDAD RODRIGO, BADAJOZ, SALAMANCA, BUSACO, VITTORIA, PYRENNES, NIVELLE, ORTHES AND TOULOUSE.'This ode was written by J W Croker for the 48th after their heroism at Talavera ' "Now from the summit, at his call, A gallant legion firm and slow Advances on victorious Gaul; Undaunted, tho' their leader's low! Fixed, as the high and buttressed mound, That guards some leaguered city round, They stand unmoved --" Last picture in the gallery of a watercolour of a soldier of the 48th at Talavera. Although this sword was made circa 1796 they were continually used by officer's and their heirs right up to and including the Crimean War. There are several 1796 infantry swords in regimental museums, that were last used in the Crimean War. One must presume they represent an ancestral sword used by two or more generations as much laxity was permitted to officers in the army in Victorian times, with 'uniform tailor's regulations' often no more than a suggestion of custom and practice. We have seen a photo of RN officers on board ship at the Crimea with almost every single officer wearing a different uniform and cap, many quite obscure in their form, and few of regulation pattern. However, we also currently have a sword used by an officer who was in service in the navy for over 68 years. A 70 year service veteran officer was not unheard of in the 19th century, and no necessity of the change in sword use was required.
1842 Swiss Sharpshooters Sword Wooden grip with six brass rivets. Single edged blade made by Horster of Solingen. Carried by the Swiss Infantry sharpshooters.
1845 British Sword Presented By General Power to J.P Boyd of the 63rd Regiment. Made by Wilkinson Sword Co. Mercurial gilt hilt in all brass scabbard. Deluxe presentation blade with Queen Victoria's cypher, full embellishment of scrolls and crowns, and a charming presentation inscription, within the etching, from General Power to his Godson, Lt Boyd of the 63rd Foot. This sword has just returned from two days in the cleaning workshop. Ensign Boyd served in the Crimean War at Sevastopol upon joining his initial regiment the 38th Foot the Staffordshire Regt. After a few years in 1859 he transferred to the 63rd Foot the Suffolk Regt, as a Lieutenant, and served in Canada. With his godfather [in 1862-1863], Boyd was based in Canada, and General Power was there as part of British contingent involved in the the “Trent Affair”. This was a situation, based in part in Canada, concerning two Confederate diplomats captured by USS San Jacinto from British mail packet RMS Trent on their journey to London. Their intended task was to influence Britain to recognise the Confederacy as a separate state during the war. An intolerable point of view from President Lincoln's perspective. Positions in Canada were put in place by the British, with the assistance of General Power, just in case Britain declared war on the northern States in the Civil War, or Lincoln declared war on the Empire. A state that Lincoln was anxious to avoid at all costs. Later, around this time, Boyd joined the Royal Canadian Rifles. The story of General Power. General Sir William Tyrone Power of Co. Managhan Ireland. served in China in 1943 and the Expeditionary Force at Amoy and Chusan. In New Zealand in 1846-7. In the Kaffir War in 1851-3. In The Crimean War 1854 -55 at Alma, Inkerman and Sebastopol.. At the taking of Kinbourn, gaining further medals, and the attack and capture of Canton 1857-8. And in the Trent Affair in Canada 1862-63. A highly decorated general born, raised and married in Ireland, and, after serving his Queen and Country for several decades with distinction, died, aged 92. The story of Ensign Boyd's 63rd regiment at Sebastopol. The siege of Sebastopol was to continue as grimly as before Inkerman with the troops suffering in the harsh winter conditions. On the 21st December the Russians made another sortie attacking a detachment of the 50th (West Kent) Regiment. Two companies of the 38th were sent to reinforce them launching a charge at the Russian forces driving them back and inflicting considerable losses on them. For this action a Lieutenant Gordon of the 38th was mention in Lord Raglan dispatches and promoted being transferred to the Coldstream Guards. Four soldiers of the 38th were killed during the fight. After this action there was little fighting during the winter of 1854-55 but the Regiment was kept busy repairing outposts and trenches. Conditions for the men improved little and disease killed far more than the actual fighting. A shortage of British troops meant they could not spare any for a major offensive against the Russians. The French however kept up pressure on the enemy, which although not always successful, inflicted heavy casualties upon them. One such attack included the assault on the fort at Redan and the 38th were to take part in a diversionary action to the left of the fort. The 5th Brigade, of which the 38th was part, captured the cemetery and occupied some of the suburbs of Sevastopol. Despite this the main French attack on the fort got pinned down so Raglan ordered British forces to directly attack Redan itself. It was during this attack that the former Colonel of the 38th, Brigadier Sir John Campbell, was killed. Lieutenant-Colonel Louth fought fiercely but was wounded in the head. Louth was removed to a house where his wounds were dressed only to be wounded again by an enemy shell which killed another officer, a corporal and wounded 4 others. Being invalided home Louth was to die shortly after reaching Portsmouth. The siege was to continue but on the 2nd Aril 1856 the Russians signed a peace treaty. For its actions during the Siege the 38th was awarded the Battle Honour “Sevastopol”. Awards and Casualties The men of the 38th Regiment of Foot received the Crimea Medal with many being entitled to the three clasps “Alma”, “Inkerman” and “Sebastopol”. However about 40 were present at Balaclava and so also received the clasp “Balaklava”. Although no Victoria Crosses were won by the Regiment for the Crimea some 15 Distinguished Conduct Medals were awarded to other ranks. Sparks was made CB while a number of officers received French or Turkish awards. A total of 3 officers and 43 other ranks were killed in action and 217 wounded. Another 2 officers and 486 men died of various reasons during the campaign while a further 23 officers and 260 men were invalided home. Nine men were captured by the enemy and 8 were convicted of being deserters. The Regiment left Balaclava for England on the 26th June 1856 on HMS Caser with a total strength of 850, less than half its original strength. The sword is most attractive and now restored to it's former beauty and considerable glory. The scabbard does have various areas of denting. A point of interest is as follows;The British and American Steam Navigation Company, was a pre-Cunard steamship line whose second vessel, the President, sank in 1841. On board was General William Power’s father. Family legend is that he had the title deeds in his possession for the land on which Madison Square Gardens now sits.
1888 Pattern Lee Metford Boer War Bayonet MkI, Type 2 Type 2With scarce non regulation scabbard.2 Rivet hilt. With scabbard. Good condition for age all usual British acceptance marks
18th Century Moghal Sword, of the Battle of Plassey 1757 Apparently, through family legend, captured at the Battle of Plassey by a British Officer, and bought back as a war souvenir. The Battle of Plassey was an East India Company victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, establishing Company rule in India and British rule over much of South Asia for the next 190 years. The battle took place on 23 June 1757 at Palashi, West Bengal, on the riverbanks of the Bhagirathi River, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad, then the capital of the Nawab of Bengal. The opponents were Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, and the British East India Company. The battle was waged during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) and in a mirror of their European rivalry the French East India Company sent a small contingent to fight against the British East India Company. Overall russet finish with feint traces of gold decoration on the slightly loose hilt. Small picture in the gallery shows Robert Clive after the victory at Plassey. [Picture for historical information and context only, not included].
18th Century, Very Rare Reservoir -Butt Air Gun circa 1785, Likely German. As far back as 250BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile. Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel. These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of 500 yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board. These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tired to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners Air guns even saw much combat in battle, an Austrian Army used a air rifle designed by Grandoni in 1779 that shot 20 rounds of .44 cal. bullets at speeds as high as 1,000 feet per second. They fought well against Napoleon's Army and even though the Austrian Army was out numbered and lost the battle, the Austrian's armed with air guns demoralized Napoleon's Army and they suffered had a great number of casualties. Air guns were so feared by Napoleon's Army that any enemy soldier captured with a air rifle was executed as an assassin. One important reason Napoleon was so upset about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed. One of the most famous air guns in history is the .36 caliber air gun that Lewis and Clark took along with them on their expedition of 1804-06. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.". In overall very fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox .44 calibre, sighted, steel barrel with smooth untouched surfaces, fine bore with front site.. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: matching, smooth, blued surfaces and in functional order. Complete with its original air release lever. Leather wrapped, conical, hollow, steel butt stock/air reservoir. Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. Very fine stock A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt Air Rifle. Overall length, 55". As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
1914-19 Medal & Memorial Plaque of WW1 Hero, a Military Medal Holder plus his two Edward VIIth civilian medals, all awarded to Harold John Steele He served as a volunteer in the 1st 15th Regt. The Prince Of Wales Civil Service Rifles. Tragically, as a Serjeant 1st/15th Bn. he died a hero aged just 22, on 07 June 1917 at the Battle of Messines. For Heroism he was awarded the Military Medal. He was the son of Edward John and Rose Ella Steele, of 43, Townsend Rd., St. John's Wood, London. He is remembered with honour on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial. We have his single medal for Civilization 1914-19, his memorial bronze plaque, in it's case, with a letter from the King. Plus, two King Edward VIIth Medals 1902 attendance medals, one from the School Board for London in 1904 and the other from the London County Council 1907-9. We do not have his Military Medal that may have been lost at some time. The Battle of Messines was perhaps the first clear-cut British victory in the Great War. Gough in his own Memoirs of the War The Fifth Army called it "Plumer's very successful attack", and lamented that "it was perhaps unfortunate that the Second Army's attack on Messines was not delayed and made simultaneously with ours on 31st July". Messines had limited, realistic objectives, and these were met. The use of mines, and a shorter intense bombardment achieved an element of surprise that was almost unique. Whilst there was a massive artillery effort in the month leading up to the battle, the very intense initial bombardment on the day of the attack was shorter - and it was also "rehearsed" twice on days before the actual attack, keeping the enemy guessing as to when the real attack would come, and forcing them to reveal their own artillery positions, which could then be marked and picked off by counter-battery fire. They could be marked because the Allies also enjoyed air supremacy in this sector leading up to the battle. In total there were 2,266 guns along the front which were engaged in the barrage. In contrast to the Somme, the German wire was cut before the troops had to advance. The battle did continue after that first successful day, and some further gains were made by the time the battle ended on the 14th of June. However, these were small in comparison, and delays before attempting to build on the advantages at Messines may be seen as a failure of the High Command. It should be said, though, that such an analysis is easy in hindsight. Messines was the prequel to the main Third Battle of Ypres, and after the promising start gained by Plumer (who surely deserves more recognition for his achievements) that battle became another long and weary slog, with small gains made at times in awful conditions, and it ground to a halt as winter closed in. The contrasts between Messsines and the optimism of summer, and the final assault on Passchendaele in the grim rain and mud in November, could not be more stark.
1929 Zeppelin Display Stand, In Oak With Zeppelin Badge And Carved Airship Ferdinand von Zeppelin served as an official observer with the Union Army during the American Civil War. During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. C. Lowe. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man. His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics. Zeppelin's ideas for large dirigibles was first expressed in a diary entry dated 25 March 1874. Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: a large rigidly-framed outer envelope continuing a number of separate gasbags. In 1887 the success of Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs' airship La France prompted him to send a letter to the King of Württemberg about the military necessity for dirigibles and the lack of German development in this field. He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co. and his name lived on in German legend as the great airship pioneer of international travel and airship warfare. 11 inches x 9 inches x 3.5 inches
1937 Third Reich Era 'Condor' Aeronautical Presentation Silver Plate, For the first million kilometres of the Airline Syndicato Condor Ltda at Rio De Janiero on the 16th Sept 1937. An airline funded and partnered by Lufthansa, with many German directors and principles. Lufthansa was once an instrument of the Third Reich, an airline that effectively was used to create the modern wartime Luftwaffe through it's training of German pilots for the coming war. It's company title was named after the Nazi favoured representation of their joint Spanish-German aeronautical endeavours. It was decided the South American company name should be the Condor Syndicato Ltda, as the Reich associated aviation in the Spanish speaking worlds with the Condor. This title was thus used by the German pilots and tank crews that served in the 'Condor Legion'. Volunteers from the German armed forces, that fought for Franco in the Spanish Civil war. The Condor Legion was used to develop the principles, and perfect the techniques, of their new system of warfare called Blitzkrieg. This new, devilish, and incredibly successful method of warfare was rehearsed, in other areas of influence and conflict, outside of Germany before the war. Much of it with South American trained German pilots against the Republicans in the Spanish War in 1936 to 1939
19th century Italian Artillery Sabre by Schnitzler and Kirshbaum Modelled on the British 1788 pattern, a good example of these early Italian Cavalry Sabres. Marked S&K at the Forte. Langets missing, with steel combat scabbard.
2 Days Remain;SPECIAL SAMURAI SWORD DISCOUNT OFFER!!! Save An Amazing £1900 Signed Kunesada, with samurai clan mon [crests]. Decide fast, our 'special', genuine loss reductions never last long!! A stunningly beautiful signed blade, black decorated battle sword, around 370 years old, with it's original Edo fittings and saya in untouched condition. Previously for sale from our back catalogue, and now reduced from £4250 to an unbelievable £2,350, SAVING A MASSIVE £1900 [as this is well below cost, it is for a 'regular', immediate sale only, and not eligible for any part exchange or lay away]. As we simply have to let just a very few early stock items go this month, due to the arrival of another fine collection of antique weapons next month. Our shop is stacked to the rafters and we simply have no room left. Our regulars know we only offer one-off sale items just a very few times a year, and usually to pre-empt and influx of another new antique collection, and it is always aimed at our regular customers who view our site every day or week. A Good Samurai Shinto Wakazashi Blade Circa 1650 with clan mon engraved on the gilt habaki. Signed Idzumi no Kami Fujiwara Kunesada. Fully remounted in antique Edo fittings with no expense spared. Shakudo Kashira inlaid in gilt and Shibuichi of figures under a moon,. Fuchi, possibly Goto school depicting a dragon with gold highlights, in high relief, signed. Carved by Seiun sai Hiroshige koku. Edo Sukashi Tsuba of ponies. He was a highly rated smith and the father of Inoue Shinkai [Shinkai being one of the finest Shinto smiths ever to have lived]. The signature is very good but there is a distinct possibility it may be a school signature and not by him personally. Beautifully polished showing a super Sugaha hamon. Please note we are not the kind of shop that has continual, weekly 'bought-in' discounted goods, we only ever offer 100%, one-off, genuine back catalogue items with real and genuine savings.
3rd Pattern WW2 FS Knife, With Non Standard Deviation FS Scabbard The blade has been hand honed by the commando to more resemble a needle point stiletto for serious added penetration ability. The scabbard is very similar to the US Raider scabbard, and some that were used by Free French Paras. The story about the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting knife starts in England in 1940. In 1940 the British formed special commandos to carry out raids. The initiative came from Winston Churchill in 1940 for a force that could carry out raids against German occupied Europe.. On the 8 June 1940, Section M09 of the War Office was brought into being. The name commando was taken from small effective mobile Boer units during the war in South Africa 1899-1902. Initially drawn from within the British Army from soldiers who volunteered for special service, the Commandos' ranks would eventually be filled by members of all branches of the United Kingdom's armed forces and a number of foreign volunteers from German-occupied countries. Reaching a wartime strength of over 30 individual units and four assault brigades, the Commandos served in all theatres of war from the Arctic circle to Europe and from the Middle East to South-East Asia. Their operations ranged from small groups of men landing from the sea or by parachute to a brigade of assault troops spearheading the Allied invasions of Europe and Asia. Two of the first instructors were Captain William Ewart Fairbairn (b. 28 February 1885, d. 20 June 1960) and Captain Eric Anthony Sykes (b. 5 February 1883, d. 12 May 1945). These middle aged gentlemen trained the young soldiers in a new and difficult mode of close-combat fighting at the Commando Basic Training Centre, Achnacarry, Scotland. Churchill described the commandos as 'a steel hand from the sea' The need for a proper fighting knife, for these commandos, was apparent from the first few weeks of training specialized personnel. As Fairbairn later wrote, "...the authorities did not recognize a fighting knife as part of the equipment of the fighting services. In fact, such a thing as a fighting knife could not be purchased anywhere in Great Britain." Until now, there had never been an official knife for the British armed services, although many types of knife had been authorised for use in the past. Bowie style knives were carried by some of the Imperial Yeomantry during the South African War of 1900-1901, and in World War I cut-down bayonets, privately purchased hunting knives, or captured German issue folding knives were extensively utilised. In November 1940 there was a meeting between W. E. Fairbairn, E. A. Sykes and Robert Wilkinson Latham at Wilkinson Sword Company. Fairbairn and Sykes described the type of knife they envisioned and the purpose for which it was intended. As discussion continued, preliminary sketches were drawn up and modified time and time again. As Robert Wilkinson Latham tells it: 'In order to explain exactly their point, the two men rose to their feet and one, it was Fairbairn my grandfather mentioned, grabbed the wood ruler from his desk and the two men danced around the office in mock combat'. W. E. Fairbairn had also brought with him an example of a suitable fighting knife. The system they devised utilised techniques drawn from Jiu Jitsu, Gatka, Kung Fu and 'Gutter Fighting'. It proved extremely effective. They were natural choices for the job. Both had served in the Shanghai Municipal Police Force, facing death daily in the dark, narrow streets and alleys of the city against armed thugs and organised gangs. In Shanghai they had made some fighting knives out of bayonets. The meeting resulted in the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting Knife, that was manufactured, firstly, into the 1st pattern FS Knife, it was to then evolve, briefly, into the 2nd pattern FS Knife [in August 1942] and eventually into the 3rd pattern, in around October 1943. The 3rd pattern is still in use today. This is very good example of these highly sought after early 2nd types.
A Beautiful Ancient Battle Samurai Katana, 15th Century Koto, Circa 1460 All the fittings are original Edo, including the superbly re-finished saya. Iron shibui mounts, ancient higo style, and a good Koto period round iron plate Choshu school tsuba. Copper Edo period shi shi [lion dog] menuki, under turqoise green silk wrap, over traditional same. One of the most frequently asked questions that have been put to us, over the past 40 years, is, "how are the blades still so beautiful, and in almost as new condition, if they are really so ancient?". It some respects the answer is simple, and comes in two parts.The steel on original, antique, Japanese samurai swords, is, quite simply, way and above the finest steel in the world. Forged by a smith whose skill was unsurpassed throughout the world of blade making. A master smith who, through decades of training and experience, could tell the difference of, potentially, only 20 degrees, in the temperature of red/white hot steel, simply by it's variations in colour. And a man whose skill, over 500 years past, gave him the ability to make a piece of steel of better quality than anything NASA ever made in order to send a rocket to the moon. These skills were but the first part of the answer, the next, comes as the explanation as to why such steel lasts for hundreds of years looking as beautiful as when it was made. Respect and reverence, is the answer. Samurai swords have a respect within Japanese culture than has been undiminished for a thousand years. To a European, or to those of a non Japanese culture, swords are respected as a tool, possibly a beautiful tool, or a fine and most valuable tool, but still a tool. An implement of protection and assault, possibly also a badge of rank, but not as an artifact to be revered with an in-built religious status of pride and honour. Every samurai owner of these swords, and there may have been 30 or 40 for each ancient sword over the centuries, respected their sword with unfailing care and attention to it's condition, maintaining it every single day, in a near religious act of dedication to detail. An item far more valuable than their home, and worthy of the committing of ritual seppuku [suicide], if it was ever lost. 28.5 inch blade tsuba to tip. .
A Scarce WW2 German Sports Badge Badge of the sports and gymnastics club Kieler Männerturnvereins von 1844. Woven cloth shield in Blue Red and Gold. An offshoot of this club formed the Kiel Football club the Kieler Sportvereinigung Holstein von 1900 e.V, just after WW1, and they continued to play successfully right until the end of WW2. This badge came as a WW2 souvenir from a British Serviceman of WW2, who fought in Germany until 1945, and then transferred to the Military Police to continue to serve during the occupation till 1947. He was stationed in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It was worn in conjunction with the Nazi Sports badge, which is also for sale in our gallery
A 'Wild West' Sharps of Philadelphia 4 Barrel Derringer These guns were made from about 1860 to 1872 in Philadelphia and this specimen is in remarkable condition for being made around 1868. This is a nice example of a Sharps Pepperbox in caliber .30 Rimfire still showing a good amount of original finish. This Derringer has a brass frame, blued and fluted 3" barrels, and wooden grips with a squared frame juncture. Serial number on the bottomstrap is in the 19,000 range. The right side of the frame is marked in a circular pattern "C.SHARPS & CO. PHILADA. PA." while the left side is marked "C SHARPS PATENT 1859". This was a fascinating design that incorporated a rotating firing pin that turned 90 degrees over to the next barrel each time the hammer was cocked. The firing pin rotates on a small cylinder at the face of the hammer. A hand pushes a series of cams on the back of the cylinder to turn the pin...much the same way a revolver cylinder is turned by a similar mechanism.The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 12th to 15th Century Medieval Bearded Side Axe An iron long bearded axe with an off set blade. A good axe suitable for combat and craft. Since the days of the Roman Legionaries, soldiers were both warriors and builders. The Romans trained their soldiers not only for combat, but for engineering and fort building, for the times of combat may be few, but the times of construction were many. Forts, roads, defenses, siege engines and drain construction were all part of a Legionary's skills, and although the armies of ancient Rome died centuries before, the lessons for future warriors lived on. A medieval foot soldier would be simply armed, with a weapon that may have had many functions, and the axe was the most effective of them all. This side axe would have been incredibly effective in the hands of a trained exponant of the battle axe, but, it would have been just as effective for aiding the construction of forts, battlements, boats or engines of war. Affixed to a later haft. 13cm blade 13cm wide.
A 13th Century European Axe of Unusual Beard Form Used from circa the late 13th century to 14th century. Derived from the original Viking bearded axe form. Used at the time and era of the first War of Scottish Independence under Sir William Wallace against King Edward Ist [also known as Edward Longshanks] and during the period of the later battles with Robert The Bruce, and continually on during the Crusades era. This axe was most likely most effective [if or when used in battle] for foot use, but it could easily have been just as useful as a horsemounted small axe. It's design has a very unusual bottom section, with a curve. This is either a break, that was reformed, or it was designed as such, but we can't really decide which. The story of axes in warfare; An axe was famously used by the Scottish King Robert Bruce. The axe that he brought down onto the head of Sir Henry de Bohun, at Bannonckburn in 1313, cleaving it clean in two.If designed as such it is a scarce example, and there are no exactly similar examples [that we know of] in the London Museum Catalogue of 1940. There were several forms of axes that were favoured in combat in that era. The foot soldier's axe could be tall and substantial yet ideally not too heavy as to be unweildy, and yet highly effective for bringing down a knight on horseback. A belt axe like this example, smaller and for close quarter action or throwing. The horse-mounted axe was also smaller like this, with a shorter haft, yet must still have the power and cutting abilities to cleave through a Knights Great Helm or chain mail alike. That is the form that this axe takes. Some horse-mounted axes might also had a rear mounted spike, but the single blade was likely most effective, as the rotating action required for the knight to change his hand held position from spike to blade might leave one exposed for a vital second or two. This axe form was also used well into the Crusades era and is depicted in many early illuminated manuscripts of the time, showing them in use in many forms, in the great battles and seiges of the Holy Land by the Crusader Knights. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity [long before the Industrial Revolution] and extremely costly to make. A soldier's axe, in time of peace, would, and did, make an eminently suitable woodworking axe, thus making the axe a unique and most valuable universally useful item during pre, and later Medeavil, Europe. Of course many soldiers were simply peasants outside of war time, and their return the land, or to manual craftwork meant their axe of war, became an axe of toil. Appox 0.5 kilo
A 13th Century Iron Head Battle Mace Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed. Fitted on a late wooden haft, approx. 2.5 inch head.
A 13th Century, Knight's Iron Battle Mace Head Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant that his lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.
A 13th to14th Century Short Bearded Axe. Mounted As A Horseman's axe In excavated condition but very sound indeed, with a proud 'hammer' rear section, ideal for helmet breaking, or for an aid to wood splitting. The beauty of such axes is their incredible flexibility for use, either in combat, or, as a utility axe. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. An axe that could be most effectively used for splitting and smashing mail and armour while on horseback. This axe was made and used in the Crusades period, during the time and area of influence of the Teutonic Order. The Livonian Teutonic Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod. Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle axe if and when used for that purpose. In the gallery there is an early, original illustration, from an early manuscript. It shows a Saxon coerl, [or churl] a non-servile peasant or common person, who is in combat against a warrior in mail armour, with his axe. This is a perfect example of illustrating how a weapon of this form, can, in one instance, be deemed an implement of battle and combat, then, in the next, to return to it's function as tool of toil [once the coerl returns to his labours, should he survive the battle of course]. This is why the axe is such wonderful implement of history, simply due to it's flexibility of use. During it's entire working life it has a useful function for every single occurrence that it's use is needed, albeit in peace or war. Handled and carried, either by a peasant warrior, horseman, knight, or freeman. And if lost on a battlefield, when recovered centuries later, it is still, in it's most part, complete, due to it's robust and powerful nature of construction. So often, when a sword or dagger of the same early era is recovered, there is so little left it may be barely a shadow of it's former self.
A 15th Century German Dagger With single edge and armour piercing reinforced tip. A rare piece from the period of the Battle of Agincourt. In battlefield recovery condition.
A 1756 Pattern Light Dragoon Flintlock Pistol Of the Napoleonic Wars With a very good stock with excellent patina. Good tight action. Ring neck cock flintlock signed Barnett, with some pitting to lock plate, steel barrel with old pitting overall. Steel ramrod and good original brass furniture. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon in .62 cal. smoothbore fitted with brass furniture throughout, it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones like this example having a straighter lock and a ring neck cock. This pistol was an arm that would have seen interesting service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper.The pistol was named after George Augustus Eliott, a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 1756 Pattern Tower Of London, British Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol This is a truly superb example, with signs of combat use naturally, but in singularly good order with an exceptional patina, that can only accumulate through the passing centuries. This is a most rare version, of a very scarcely seen pistol, as this particular flintlock has the early land pattern type furniture, such as the elongated sideplate with ear extention, only usually seen on the old British heavy dragoon pistol that preceeeded it. This may well have been one of the earliest pistols used in the Americas, during the American Revolution period. Various surviving examples of American domestic dragoon pistols, such as in the Smithsonian [and similar elite collections] have such similar pattern furniture. The story of how the pistol pattern came about, and thus acquired it's name, is as follows; George Augustus Eliott was a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon. Available in .62 cal. Smoothbore Fitted with brass furniture throughout it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones having a straighter lined lock and a ring neck cock. It was however, slowly fazed out after the Napoleonic Wars as the introduction of the New Land Pattern [with it's captive ramrod system] took hold. This pistol was a frontline issue arm that would have seen incredible service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper, over very likely four decades or more. This pistol requires attention to the ramrod and pipe which we are attending to.
A 1767 to the Revolutionary War Period, French Grenadier of Infantry Sword With brass hilt and steel blade. The hilt has a loss of quillon and half langet. A scarce sword from a most turbulent era of French history. Used from the era of France's alliance to America in the Revolutionary War of 1777, right through the French Revolution 1792. There are several such swords in Smithsonian in America. French participation in North America was initially maritime in nature and marked by some indecision on the part of its military leaders. In 1778 American and French planners organized an attempt to capture Newport, Rhode Island, then under British occupation. The attempt failed, in part because Admiral d'Estaing did not land French troops prior to sailing out of Narragansett Bay to meet the British fleet, and then sailed for Boston after his fleet was damaged in a storm. In 1779, d'Estaing again led his fleet to North America for joint operations, this time against British-held Savannah, Georgia. About 3,000 French joined with 2,000 Americans in the Siege of Savannah, in which a naval bombardment was unsuccessful, and then an attempted assault of the entrenched British position was repulsed with heavy losses. Support became more notable when in 1780; 6,000 soldiers led by Rochambeau were landed at Newport, abandoned in 1779 by the British, and they established a naval base there. Rochambeau and Washington met at Wethersfield, Connecticut in May 1781 to discuss their options. Washington wanted to drive the British from New York City, and the British force in Virginia, led first by turncoat Benedict Arnold, then by Brigadier William Phillips, and eventually by Charles Cornwallis, was also seen as a potent threat that could be fought with naval assistance. These two options were dispatched to the Caribbean along with the requested pilots; Rochambeau, in a separate letter, urged de Grasse to come to the Chesapeake Bay for operations in Virginia. Following the Wethersfield conference, Rochambeau moved his army to White Plains, New York and placed his command under Washington. De Grasse received these letters in July, at roughly the same time Cornwallis was preparing to occupy Yorktown, Virginia. De Grasse concurred with Rochambeau, and sent back a dispatch indicating that he would reach the Chesapeake at the end of August, but that agreements with the Spanish meant he could only stay until mid-October. The arrival of his dispatches prompted the Franco-American army to begin a march for Virginia. De Grasse reached the Chesapeake as planned, and disembarked troops to assist Lafayette's army in the blockade of Cornwallis. The arrival of a British fleet sent to dispute de Grasse's control of the Chesapeake was defeated on September 5 at the Battle of the Chesapeake, and the Newport fleet delivered the French siege train to complete the allied military arrival. The Siege of Yorktown and following surrender by Cornwallis on October 19 were decisive in ending major hostilities in North America.Starting with the Siege of Yorktown, Benjamin Franklin never informed France of the secret negotiations that took place directly between Britain and the United States. Britain relinquished her rule over the Thirteen Colonies and granted them all the land south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River. However, since France was not included in the American-British peace discussions, the alliance between France and the colonies was broken. Thus the influence of France and Spain in future negotiations was limited. Last photo in the gallery is of the depiction of the Second Battle of the Virginia Capes (Battle of the Chesapeake).
A 1770's Brass Hilted Boy's or Midshipman's Sword An interesting boy's or midshipman's sword from the period of the American revolutionary war. Cast brass rococo hilt, with shell guard and knuckle bow. Overall length 36 inches. Good condition. There is a picture in the gallery by Thomas Rowlandson of a similar sword worn by a young boy officer [midshipman] of the Royal Navy in the 18th century. In the 18th century there were no regualtions for sword patterns, so a sword such as this would have been perfect and worn by a young junior naval officer. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed. By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission. By 1794, all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The everage age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of.
A 1790 British Naval Officer's Sword, With a Fine Gilt and Ivory Hilt Good steel blade. In lovely condition, with 90% of it's original gilt remaining to the hilt, and superb fluted ivory. The form of sword was used by officer's of marines and navy during the Battle of The Nile, against Napoleon's forces in the Egyptian campaign. A most successful conflict for Britain, fought by Admiral Nelson against the French fleet, and it's infantry forces, including the Egyptian Mamlukes, commanded by Admiral François-Paul Brueys d'Aigailliers.
A 1796 British Flank Company Officer's Sabre. With Copper Gilt Hilt A most attractive sword based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sbare but slightly shorter for the benefit of an officer that fought on foot. The hilt is beautifully engraved with Union flag shield nd stands of arms, the lion's head pommel and wire bound fishskin grip. The blade has fine engraving with royal cyphers and crest of the king. There is a lot of dark blue remaining and gilt within the engraving. Old repair to the knucklebow.
A 1796 Volunteer Light Dragoon Sword With brass P hilt, ribbed wooden grip and typical deeply swept curved blade. Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in 1794 and 1795, in response to an invasion scare. At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry. These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around 1800; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently. However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.
A 17th Century King Charles Iind Period Flintlock By F. Phillips Of London Almost certainly by Francis Phillips of who was free of the Gunmakers Co. then master. A most beautiful rare pistol, with brass furniture, including a grotesque mask long spurred buttcap, baluster barrel form ramrod pipes, a serpentine sideplate and a trigger guard with a fleur de lys end. The lock is of typical 17th century 'banana' form, with strawberry leaf engraving, and the makers name, F. Phillips. Ivory tipped ramrod a likely replacement. This is the form of pistol used in the era of the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691. William defeated Jacobitism in Ireland and subsequent Jacobite risings were confined to Scotland and England. However, the War was to have a lasting effect on Ireland, confirming British and Protestant rule over the country for over a century. A picture in the gallery by Benjamin West shows the King at the Battle of the Boyne with his similar pistol in his saddle holster. Stock with some minor period repairs at the forend. 17 inches long overall.
A 17th Lancers Officers Heavy Cavalry Sword of WW1 Fully deluxe engraved basket guard of the 1912 pattern. Apparently it was re-bladed during the reign of King George Vith at the Army Supply Stores. Typical steel scabbard, regimentally stamped for the 17th Lancers at the throat. The 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was one of the great and famous cavalry regiments of the British Army. A cavalry regiment, notable for its participation in the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War. It's first name of the 17th came about in 1761. In 1766 the regiment was renumbered again, this time as the 3rd Regiment of Light Dragoons. In 1764 the regiment went to Ireland, where it was based for many years. In 1769 it regained the 17th numeral as the 17th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons. The 17th was sent to North America in 1775, arriving in Boston, then besieged by American rebels in their War of Independence. The 17th fought in the Battle of Bunker Hill, a costly British victory. The 17th was withdrawn to Halifax. In 1776, the 17th fought in the Long Island campaign. Later, in 1780, the regiment provided a detachment for operations in the southern colonies as part of Tarleton's Legion, a mixture of infantry and cavalry, and was engaged in a a number of battles. The legion, commanded by Banastre Tarleton, was founded in 1778 by Loyalist contingents from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. As the attached regular cavalry, the 17th clung on to an identity separate from the provincials, even refusing to exchange their fading scarlet clothing for the legion's green jackets. They sustained heavy losses in the Battle of Cowpens in January 1781 after being ordered by Tarleton to charge a formation of American militia. Though their charge was initially effective, the dragoons, numbering about 50, were quickly surprised and outnumbered by concealed American cavalry, under Colonel William Washington, and driven back in disarray. The American War of Independence officially ended in 1783. An officer of the regiment, Captain Stapleton, had the distinction of delivering to George Washington the despatch confirming the declaration of the cessation of hostilities. The 17th returned to Britain, where it remained until 1795, when it sailed for the West Indies to reinforce depleted forces battling the French. Two troops were used to suppress an uprising by "Maroons" in Jamaica soon after arriving in the Caribbean.Other detachments were embarked aboard HMS Success as "supernumeraries". Their experience at sea has been suggested by regimental historians to have gained the regiment the nickname "Horse Marines". Officially renamed as Lancers in 1822. The 17th was part of the Light Brigade, under the command of Major-General Lord Cardigan, which landed with the British forces at a place known as Calamity Bay for the Crimean War. It took part in a minor skirmish at the Bulganek River and subsequently took part in the Battle of Alma on 20 September. During the Siege of Sevastopol (which began in September) the 17th Lancers took part in the Battle of Balaklava on 25 October. During the battle the regiment took part in a cavalry charge that became known as the Charge of the Light Brigade, which spawned much controversy and indeed a poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The Russians captured redoubts on the Causeway Heights, which held some British artillery. The army commander, Lord Raglan, issued an order for the Light Brigade to attack there before the guns could be taken away by the Russians. The order was sent via Captain Nolan to Lord Lucan, commander of the Cavalry Division. It is believed, however, that Nolan misinterpreted the order as an order to attack Russian artillery in the valley between the Fediukhine Heights and the Causeway Heights. It has been speculated that Captain Nolan, an authority on cavalry tactics, actually directed Lucan toward the wrong guns in order to test his tactical theories, although this view has not found wide currency. Lord Cardigan then ordered his Light Brigade to began the advance at a trot, with the 17th and 13th Light Dragoons leading the Brigade, heading into a maelstrom of Russian artillery, infantry and cavalry. The Light Brigade advanced to their objective and came under heavy artillery fire from all sides, which inflicted heavy casualties. The Brigade upon nearing the enemy then went into a full charge. The 17th Lancers, commanded by Captain William Morris, drove through the Russian artillery before smashing straight into the Russian cavalry and pushing them back. The Light Brigade were unable to consolidate their position, however, having insufficient forces (the Heavy Brigade had not advanced further into the valley) and had to withdraw to their starting positions, coming under artillery and musket fire and cavalry attack as they did so.The 17th was sent to Natal Colony for the Zulu War. On 4 July 1879, the 17th fought at the Battle of Ulundi under Sir Drury Curzon Drury-Lowe. The 17th was posted inside a large British infantry square during the attack by the Zulu Army, which had surrounded the British. When the attack appeared to be wavering, the 17th Lancers were ordered to advance. Their charge routed the warriors with heavy loss. The battle proved to be decisive. The 17th returned to India the same year, remaining there until about 1890 when they returned home.In 1900 the 17th returned to Southern Africa for the Second Boer War. They missed the large pitched battles, but would still see substantial action during the war. In 1900, Sergeant Brian Lawrence won the regiment's fifth and final VC at Essenbosch Farm. The 17th's most significant action was at the Battle of Elands River (Modderfontein) in September 1901. C Squadron of the 17th was attacked by Boers under Jan Smuts whom they mistook for British troops.The Boers took advantage of a mist to encircle the British camp. When Smuts' vanguard ran head on into a Lancer patrol, the British hesitated to fire because many of the Boers wore captured British uniforms. The Boers immediately opened fire and attacked in front while Smuts led the remainder of his force to attack the British camp from the rear. The British party suffered further casualties at a closed gate that slowed them down. All six British officers sustained wounds and four were killed. Only Captain Sandeman, the commanding officer, and Lieutenant Lord Vivian survived. The 17th Lancers had suffered 29 killed and 41 wounded before surrendering, while Boer losses were one killed and six wounded. The 17th returned home in 1902 with the conclusion of the war. The regiment left for India in 1905, where it remained until the First World War. At the beginning of the First World War, the 17th Lancers formed part of the Sialkot Cavalry Brigade of the 1st Indian Cavalry Division. The regiment landed in France in November 1914. In the static warfare of the Western Front, the 17th was often restricted to infantry roles, such as the occupation of trenches. The 17th was finally used in its conventional cavalry role in 1917, at the Battle of Cambrai, which happened to feature the first large-scale use of tanks. In 1918 the 17th was transferred to the 7th Cavalry Brigade, part of the 3rd Cavalry Division. That year they got another chance to prove their worth as a cavalry regiment during the last-gasp German Spring Offensive. The 17th functioned as mobile infantry during the dissaray, plugging gaps whenever the need arose, both as cavalry and infantry. The 17th also saw service in the British counter-attack, including the Battle of Amiens. After the signing of the Armistice on 11 November 1918, the 17th remained in Europe, joining the British Army of the Rhine in Cologne, Germany. The regiment then served in County Cork, Ireland, where it operated against the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence. In 1921, the 17th had its title altered to the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own). The 17th merged with the 21st Lancers in 1922. It was a cavalry regiment of the British Army from 1922 to 1993. It was formed in 1922 in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) and the 21st Lancers (Empress of India's). From 1930 to 1939 it was deployed overseas; first in Egypt for two years, and then in India for seven. In 1938 the regiment was mechanised. On the outbreak of war, the regiment immediately transferred back to the UK, acting under 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade in the summer of 1940, and then under 26th Armoured Brigade in 6th Armoured Division later in the year. A group of personnel from the regiment were detached in December to form the cadre of the 24th Lancers. In November 1942, the division was deployed to Tunisia after Operation Torch. Now equipped with Valentine Mk III and Crusader Mk III tanks, the regiment saw action for some time, including taking heavy losses defending Thala in the Battle of the Kasserine Pass in February 1943 during which all but twelve tanks were put out of action. After this the regiment was withdrawn, and refitted with M4A2 Sherman tanks. In April, an attempt to take the Fondouk Pass again put most of the regiment out of action. The 6th Armoured Division deployed to Italy in March 1944, and fought to breach the Gustav Line. The regiment advanced to the Gothic Line, and spent the winter there—at points, serving as infantry rather than as an armoured unit, due to the static nature of the trench warfare there. After the final breakthrough in 1945, the regiment ended the war in Austria.
A 1935 Lahti Finnish Pistol Holster Winter War With Russia 1939 A good holster from the Luger like pistol used by Finland in the Winter War against Russia. Lahti L-35 is a semi-automatic pistol designed by Aimo Lahti that was produced from 1935 to just after the war. About 9000 pistols were made in four production series. The weapon had a bolt accelerator to improve reliability in cold conditions or when fouled. This kind of system was rare for pistols. It also resembled the German Luger P08 pistol. The Finnish army used the L-35 in the Winter War and the Continuation War, and it was the official Finnish service pistol until the 1980s when it was replaced by the FN HP-DA pistol. (Finnish military designation 9.00 PIST 80 / 9.00 PIST 80-91) Finnish L-35 pistol was also known with nicknames Lahti-pistooli (Lahti-pistol) and Suomi-pistooli (Suomi-pistol) among Finnish military. It was reliable, accurate and sturdy pistol, but also one of the largest and heaviest 9-mm military pistols ever manufactured. Structure of the this strong looking pistol had its week point: Powerful submachinegun-ammunition often used by Finnish troops with these pistols could crack the pistols slide quite easily. As all 9 mm x 19 ammunition manufactured during World War 2 in Finland was hot loaded submachinegun-ammunition using this ammunition also pistols of same calibre unfortunately wasn't exactly unusual during World War 2 and years after it. When the slides of L-35 broke down in larger numbers Finnish military soon found itself needing replacements for them. Because of this many series of replacement slides were manufactured for Finnish military after World War 2. Most of these pistols (all but series 4) have shoulder stock attachment lugs. While the Finns developed and tested wooden shoulder stocks and wooden shoulder stock holsters for these pistols, these were never manufactured in real numbers and the pistols were issued without them.
A 19th Century Mayanmar Kachin Naga Dao Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks (tattoos and others) of a successful headhunt. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. The flat face of the blade is shown in the full length view and in the blade detail photograph; the side of the blade shown in the detail photograph of the handle has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. Serpentine lamination to the blade. Overall length: 61 cm.; blade length:48 cm. One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. Vincent Curl of special forces OSS Detachment 101 during World War II. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in 1875. All for information only.
A 19th Century 'Crimean War' Military Officer's Trunk, Probably Russian A wooden and steel strap banded military trunk from the Crimean war. Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train. The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons.The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach. 13 inches deep x 21.5 inches wide x 11.5 inches high.
A 19th Century 'Scottish' Royal Naval Officer's Sword. A scarce Victorian Naval officer's sword with a Scottish broadsword type blade as was used on the regulation Scottish highland regiments basket hilted 'claymores'. It was usually a blade fitted for an officer of Scottish descent and permitted for use in naval service. All the other mounts and fittings are the standard 1827 type. The blade is deluxe etched with royal cypher of Queen Victoria and a large anchor. Used in the era when the Royal Navy still used the magnificent 100 gunner 'Man O' War' galleons, and the from around the start of when the great 'Iron Clads' were being produced for the new form of naval warfare. It was from this era that the world was to see the end of the great sailing ships that coursed the seven seas, for the greatest navy the world has ever known. Made by Eames of Portsmouth. In the 19th century the British fielded a fleet in European waters that no rival could hope to match. Besides the Warrior and her sister, the Black Prince, the Royal Navy roster included six armored frigates of all-iron construction: Achilles, Agamemnon, Minotaur, Valiant, Agincourt, and Northumberland. The Minotaur, launched 1863, was the longest broadside ironclad ever constructed. She was meant to be Britain's "reply" to the French Magenta class battleships. She mounted the same number of guns on one deck as the iron-sheathed wooden French ships carried on two. Britain's broadside ironclads were masterfully constructed ships, and survived 30 or more years' service under the White Ensign before "being sold out of the service" -- a polite euphemism usually involving a trip to the shipbreakers.
A 19th Century Brass Hilted French Hunting Sword An unusual sword. The hilt guard contains the symbol of a French hunting horn. The blade isoverall grey pitted, the hilt is a bright polished cast brass with motifs and patterns. The blade has a shortened tip and a replacement utility pommel.
A 19th Century British General's Ivory Hilted Mamaluke Sword With gilded mounts and ivory grip plates, langet cartouch of the scrossed sword and baton, the traditional symbol of a British General. The blade is nicely age patinated and has traces of inticate etching. The Mamaluke pattern British Army General's sword evolved from the swords captured at the Battle of The Nile and were brought back as war trophys by Admiral Lord Nelson. These beautiful ivory hilted swords so impressed The Duke of Wellington, and his senior officers, they were worn and adopted for wear during the Napoleonic Wars. There are several portraits of Wellington and his Generals in full uniform and adorned with such swords. The pattern was formally adopted by the British Crown as The Generals pattern in 1831. This 1831 pattern General's pattern sword, was carried by all Generals and Field Marshals in the British Army.
A 19th Century Dixon Musket Powder Flask With Embossed Body Copper body with brass adjustable measuring spout. Spring at fault. A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. Circa 1840
A 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask A most charming 19th century late George Ivthpowder flask for a hunting fowling piece or musket. Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for decoration only.
A 19th Century French Cavalry Armour Back-Plate A great display piece of original French Heavy Cavalry Armour. Superb for a display of Stand-of-Arms
A 19th Century Long Prussian Cavalry Sabre By Alex Coppel of Solingen This is a very fine quality cavalry sabre, made by Alex Coppel of Solingen [his scales armourer's mark is present on the blade forte]. The hilt is three bar, in brass, with a carved horn grip. Likely from around 1840 to 1860. This is a most unusual form of sabre, similar to many, but identical to nothing quite we have seen with a very distinctive forward slant to the pommel.
A 19th Century Maasai Elders' Spear Head This long African spear is a very old with a long forged iron leaf shaped head and very good patina. The spear has long been the weapon of choice of the Maasai. It is used to defend cattle, community and the warrior himself against wild animals and invaders. Constructed from wood and iron, it is deemed to be the single most valued personal possession after livestock. There are countless romanticized tales that center around these tall, imposing Maasai giants, fighting courageously against man and beast. They are the mighty lion hunters of Africa, brave of heart and the able assassins of any human attacker. In fact, it is the dream of every Maasai warrior to kill an enemy by dispatching a deadly spear wound to the front torso. In doing so he would gain the highest honor from his kinsmen. This leaf bladed type was used by tribal elders and chiefs. The weapon has a three piece configuration. The spear heads are attached by hardened wax to the wooden grip. 38.5 inch long head
A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13th-14th Century style, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate. In the early 19th century Sir Walter Scott's novels created a great resurgence in the interest in romantic Knightly tales of derring do and chivalry, and this was strongly followed in architecture at the time. To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were furnished with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this.
A 19th Century Scottish Highlanders Basket Hilted Regimental Sword 1828 Pattern, with traditional steel basket and double edged broadsword blade. As used by an officer in, say, the Thin Red Line at Balaklava, with the Highland Brigade, in the Sutherland Highlanders, the Black Watch or the Cameron Highlanders. The Scottish regiments fought with amazing distinction, and will well reknown ferocity and gallantry throughout the British Empire not least during Queen Victoria's reign. The Thin Red Line was a military action by the Sutherland Highlanders red-coated 93rd (Highland) Regiment at the Battle of Balaclava on 24 October 1854, during the Crimean War. In this incident, the 93rd, aided by a small force of Royal Marines and some Turkish infantrymen, led by Sir Colin Campbell, routed a Russian cavalry charge. Previously, Campbell’s Highland Brigade had taken part in actions at the Battle of Alma and the Siege of Sevastopol. There were more Victoria Crosses presented to the Highland soldiers at that time than at any other. The event was galvanized in the British press and became an icon of the qualities of the red coat in a war that was poorly managed and increasingly unpopular. Battle of Balaclava is noteworthy to history because of the bravery of the 93rd Highlanders stood solidly against repeated attacks by a larger Russian force. This stand led the 93rd Highlanders to be remembered in history as the "Thin Red Line". They served at all the great engagements in the Crimea, The Indian Mutiny the Afghan Wars, The Egypt Campaign, Tel el Kabir and at el Teb against the Mahdi, on the North West Frontier, and finally in the Boer War. One can only wonder what sights and sounds this sword has seen, and the great conflicts and battles it has served in. The sword is in very good condition but the grip fishskin is lacking in parts.
A 19th Century Tulwar Sword With Probably a Pattern Welded Blade A nice example of an Indian sword in good order. Firm blade of likely pattern welded form due to it's rigidity.
A 19th Century Victorian Royal Naval Officer's Sword Good brass hilt with traditional crowned anchor and wirebound fishskin grip. Etched blade with naval devices, dark patinated with overall areas of pitting. Used during the peak of the Empire from the Crimean War, the South African Wars, the Wars in Egypt, and the Boer War. The Napoleonic Wars left Great Britain the most powerful naval country in the world, with no meaningful rivals. The country's economic and strategic strength was buttressed by the fleet; localized military action was a staple of the not-entirely-peaceful "Pax Britannica". In addition, the threat of naval force was a significant factor in diplomacy. The navy was not idle however; the 19th century witnessed a series of transformations that turned the old wooden sailing navy into one of steam and steel. During the period of this swords use, the navy was often used against shore installations, such as those in the Baltic and Black Sea in the Crimean War of 1854 and 1855, also, to fight pirates; to hunt down slave ships; and to assist the army when sailors and marines were landed as naval brigades, as on many occasions between the siege of Sebastopol and the 1900 Boxer Rebellion. With a fleet larger than any two rivals combined, the British nation could take security for granted, but at all times the national leaders and public opinion supported a powerful navy, and service was of high prestige
A 19th Century Victorian Royal Naval Officer's Sword Good gilt brass hilt with traditional crowned anchor and wirebound fishskin grip. Etched blade with naval devices, dark patinated. With original brass and leather scabbard. Used during the peak of the Empire from the Crimean War, the South African Wars, the Wars in Egypt, and the Boer War. The Napoleonic Wars left Great Britain the most powerful naval country in the world, with no meaningful rivals. The country's economic and strategic strength was buttressed by the fleet; localized military action was a staple of the not-entirely-peaceful "Pax Britannica". In addition, the threat of naval force was a significant factor in diplomacy. The navy was not idle however; the 19th century witnessed a series of transformations that turned the old wooden sailing navy into one of steam and steel. During the period of this swords use, the navy was often used against shore installations, such as those in the Baltic and Black Sea in the Crimean War of 1854 and 1855, also, to fight pirates; to hunt down slave ships; and to assist the army when sailors and marines were landed as naval brigades, as on many occasions between the siege of Sebastopol and the 1900 Boxer Rebellion. With a fleet larger than any two rivals combined, the British nation could take security for granted, but at all times the national leaders and public opinion supported a powerful navy, and service was of high prestige. One scabbard ring mount lacking.
A 6 Medal Group Of WW2 South African North Africa and Italy Campaign Medals Including the African Service medal, and South African Police medal. A very nice rare and fully named group of 6 medals. The South African Army and Air Force played a major role in defeating the Italian forces of Benito Mussolini during the 1940/1941 East African Campaign. The converted Junkers Ju 86s of 12 Squadron, South African Air Force, carried out the first bombing raid of the campaign on a concentration of tanks at Moyale at 8am on 11 June 1940, mere hours after Italy's declaration of war Another important victory that the South Africans participated in was the liberation of Malagasy (now known as Madagascar) from the control of the Vichy French who were allies of the Nazis. British troops aided by South African soldiers, staged their attack from South Africa, landing on the strategic island on 4 May 1942 to preclude its seizure by the Japanese. The South African 1st Infantry Division took part in several actions in North Africa in 1941 and 1942, including the Battle of El Alamein, before being withdrawn to South Africa to be re-constituted as an armoured division..The South African 2nd Infantry Division also took part in a number of actions in North Africa during 1942, but on 21 June 1942 two complete infantry brigades of the division as well as most of the supporting units were captured at the fall of Tobruk. The South African 3rd Infantry Division never took an active part in any battles but instead organised and trained the South African home defence forces, performed garrison duties and supplied replacements for the South African 1st Infantry Division and the South African 2nd Infantry Division. However, one of this division's constituent brigades - 7 SA Motorised Brigade - did take part in the invasion of Madagascar in 1942. The South African 6th Armoured Division fought in numerous actions in Italy from 1944 to 1945.
A Ball Race, Part of the 'Little Boy' Manhattan Project Although barely 64 years old, it is probably one of the rarest items we are ever likely to offer. A superb, single, micro engineered Ball race, one of a pair, [and to be sold by us separately] we acquired from the late collection of Professor Samuel Eilenberg, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics at Columbia University in WW2. One of the spare parts used in the construction of 'Little Boy' Uranium Bomb, constructed in The Manhattan Project. Apparently souvenirs of the Manhattan Project were taken by [or presented to] many of the consultants and scientists working on, or associated with, the greatest secret project of the 20th century. The diameter of the Ball race is 160mm which is within a small tolerance of the diameter of the gun barrel [165mm] that was central to the construction of 'Little Boy'. This measurement may indeed be relevant to the ball races actual function or use in the project. The Manhattan Project was the project to develop the first nuclear weapon (atomic bomb) during World War II by the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), it refers specifically to the period of the project from 1941–1946 under the control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves. The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. The project succeeded in developing and detonating three nuclear weapons in 1945: a test detonation of a plutonium implosion bomb on July 16 (the Trinity test) near Alamogordo, New Mexico; an enriched uranium bomb code-named "Little Boy" on August 6 over Hiroshima, Japan; and a second plutonium bomb, code-named "Fat Man" on August 9 over Nagasaki, Japan. The project's roots lay in scientists' fears since the 1930s that Nazi Germany was also investigating nuclear weapons of its own. Born out of a small research program in 1939, the Manhattan Project eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion USD ($23 billion in 2007 dollars based on CPI). It resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that operated in secret.[1] The three primary research and production sites of the project were the plutonium-production facility at what is now the Hanford Site, the uranium-enrichment facilities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the weapons research and design laboratory, now known as Los Alamos National Laboratory. Project research took place at over thirty different sites across the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The MED maintained control over U.S. weapons production until the formation of the Atomic Energy Commission in January 1947. Included is an original photo print taken from HMS Colossus, [part of 11th Aircraft Carrier Squadron, that was based in the Pacific, commanded by Rear Admiral Harcourt]. It was taken on 7th August 1945 [the day after Little Boy was detonated]. It is a picture of two I/d profiles of two Japanese T/E fighters that were originally observed in July 1945. These photographs were sent to the Manhattan Project HQ, but why, to us, this remains a mystery. Also, it includes another souvenir, the serial tag from the Army Air Corps Bell and Howell sound projector, that apparently showed the original film of the detonation of 'Little Boy' to Professor Eilenburg and others from the project.
A Ball Race, Part of the 'Little Boy' Manhattan Project Although barely 64 years old, it is probably one of the rarest items we are ever likely to offer. A superb, single, micro engineered Ball race, one of a pair [that we are selling singly] we acquired from the collection of Professor Samuel Eilenberg, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics at Columbia University in WW2. One of the spare parts used in the construction of 'Little Boy' Uranium Bomb constructed in The Manhattan Project. Apparently souvenirs of the Manhattan Project were taken by [or presented to] many of the consultants and scientists working on, or associated with, the greatest secret project of the 20th century. The diameter of the Ball race is 160mm which is within a small tolerance of the diameter of the gun barrel [165mm] that was central to the construction of 'Little Boy'. This measurement may indeed be relevant to the ball races actual function or use in the project. The Manhattan Project was the project to develop the first nuclear weapon (atomic bomb) during World War II by the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), it refers specifically to the period of the project from 1941–1946 under the control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves. The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. The project succeeded in developing and detonating three nuclear weapons in 1945: a test detonation of a plutonium implosion bomb on July 16 (the Trinity test) near Alamogordo, New Mexico; an enriched uranium bomb code-named "Little Boy" on August 6 over Hiroshima, Japan; and a second plutonium bomb, code-named "Fat Man" on August 9 over Nagasaki, Japan. The project's roots lay in scientists' fears since the 1930s that Nazi Germany was also investigating nuclear weapons of its own. Born out of a small research program in 1939, the Manhattan Project eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion USD ($23 billion in 2007 dollars based on CPI). It resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that operated in secret.[1] The three primary research and production sites of the project were the plutonium-production facility at what is now the Hanford Site, the uranium-enrichment facilities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the weapons research and design laboratory, now known as Los Alamos National Laboratory. Project research took place at over thirty different sites across the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The MED maintained control over U.S. weapons production until the formation of the Atomic Energy Commission in January 1947.
A Battle Damaged German Double Decal Luftwaffe Combat Helmet M40 This is a most interesting combat helmet with traces of various camouflage over paints, with the decals present but fairly worn, and the owner's name painted on the inner rim. Part liner present. This helmet will be absolutely for the collector of historical artifacts, curiosities and iconic symbols of modern combat warfare during WW2. This will not likely be suitable for collectors of perfect and unused German combat helmets.
A Battle of Jutland Commemorative Medal The medal commemorates the British sailors who lost their lives on May 31, 1916 at the Battle of Jutland. The obverse features a Royal Ensign and Union Jack crossed flags and a shield in between reading "31 MAY 1916". Behind them is a trident with an anchor tied to it. The surrounding message reads "To The Glorious Memory Of Those Who Fell That Day". The reverse announces the date "MAY 31, 1916" and the is inscribed " The German Fleet attacked off the coast of Jutland and driven back into port with heavy loss. Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, Commander in Chief. Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty, Commanding Battle Cruiser Fleet.", with a wreath surrounding all. The medals were sold in order to raise money for naval orphanages. Bruising Around the edges.
A Beautifual Signed Koto Katana By Kanetake Circa 1530 This is one of the swords that has recently arrived, in an untouched state, in need of light restoration work. It's full restoration has now been completed which has simply simply transformed this lovely sword into a thing of beauty as it once was in the 19th century. It has gold decorated copper fushi, a pair of delightful gold dragon menuki and a nice Edo iron Tsuba. A delightful signed Koto blade by a master smith. An absolute delight of simplicity and quality combined.
A Beautiful 'Hounds Head' Charles IInd Horseman's Sword. Dated 'Anno 1665' This is truly an early sword of immense beauty and quality, in fact without question an absolute delight. The hilt has a superbly detailed, chiseled bronze, hound's head complimented by a very fine spiral twist, wire bound, ivory grip. With cast brass quillon. The blade is superbly engraved with mounted cavaliers and a motto [Latin?] that can be read reasonably easily but requires translation. Dated at the forte Anno 1665. The condition is overall superb. A very fine and rare piece. 77.5cm blade length. Although made 100 years before, there are several similar swords, in the Smithsonian and the Metropolitan, that were still in use by officer's during the Anglo-Indian-French wars during the 1760's in America, and in the American War of Independence 1776.
A Beautiful 17th Century Museum Grade Katana With High Quality Soten Mounts This is a most beautiful high ranking samurai's sword. A singularly fine quality katana, with a full suite of, original, Edo period, signed Soten, gold and patinated copper fittings. The blade has a wonderous hamon, shown in all it's magnificence since it's re-polishing. All of the fittings are very fine and the overall effect is simply wonderfull. The saya is original Edo period in black lacquer, with part ribbing. This is truly a sword of great beauty, worthy of any museum grade collection. Made and used at the beginning of the great Japanese Edo period. A revolution took place in the centuries from the time of the Kamakura shogunate, which coexisted with the Tenno's court, to the Tokugawa, when the bushi became the unchallenged rulers in what historian Edwin O. Reischauer called a "centralized feudal" form of government. Instrumental in the rise of the new bakufu was Tokugawa Ieyasu, the main beneficiary of the achievements of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Already powerful, Ieyasu profited by his transfer to the rich Kanto area. He maintained 2.5 million koku of land, new headquarters at Edo, a strategically situated castle town (the future Tokyo), and also had an additional two million koku of land and thirty-eight vassals under his control. After Hideyoshi's death, Ieyasu moved quickly to seize control from the Toyotomi family. Ieyasu's victory over the western daimyo at the Battle of Sekigahara (October 21, 1600, or in the Japanese calendar on the 15th day of the ninth month of the fifth year of the Keicho era) gave him virtual control of all Japan. He rapidly abolished numerous enemy daimyo houses, reduced others, such as that of the Toyotomi, and redistributed the spoils of war to his family and allies. Ieyasu still failed to achieve complete control of the western daimyo, but his assumption of the title of shogun helped consolidate the alliance system. After further strengthening his power base, Ieyasu installed his son Hidetada (1579–1632) as shogun and himself as retired shogun in 1605. The Toyotomi were still a significant threat, and Ieyasu devoted the next decade to their eradication. In 1615, the Tokugawa army destroyed the Toyotomi stronghold at Osaka. The Tokugawa (or Edo) period brought 250 years of stability to Japan. The political system evolved into what historians call bakuhan, a combination of the terms bakufu and han (domains) to describe the government and society of the period. In the bakuhan, the shogun had national authority and the daimyo had regional authority. This represented a new unity in the feudal structure, which featured an increasingly large bureaucracy to administer the mixture of centralized and decentralized authorities. The Tokugawa became more powerful during their first century of rule: land redistribution gave them nearly seven million koku, control of the most important cities, and a land assessment system reaping great revenues. As Japan entered the more peaceful Edo Period (1603-1868), tsuba and sword fittings became increasingly elaborate and decorative in design and function, and their manufacture became highly specialised and technically advanced. Different schools of makers developed their own styles, often influenced by the culture and environment of the region, and the role of the tsuba and mounts extended to become an elaborate piece of art. Subjects for decoration included Japanese mythology, history and nature. Since the 16th century, it was customary for the guard and mounts to feature the signature of the maker. Valued for their excellence in design and execution, sword fittings today exist as refined pieces of art, and although now only used for state occasions and consecrations, the Japanese sword and its fittings remain a symbol of authority and reminder of Japan's powerful, and at times tumultuous, samurai past. The saya has a few small antique contact marks throughout. It could be re-lacqured to as new condition if required.
A Beautiful 17th Century Tibetan Sword With Rayskin Coral & Turquoise A most rare and original antique sword, and what a find! Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Tibetan form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the hallmark of traditional Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process. This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan texts, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one piece in a blade-making technique called pattern welding. The hilts are often made of engraved silver set with coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in gold and silver. The different styles of swords found in Tibet can be distinguished by several basic features, which include the type of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn. Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types. These are in turn subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which may, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than actual sword forms. Armor and weapons are certainly not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely identified with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate nature of Tibetan Buddhism. However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century. Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial occasions, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang (mgon khang), and dedicated to the service of guardian deities. The title of Dalai Lama is first bestowed on Sonam Gyatso (1543–1588), the third hierarch of the Gelukpa school of Tibetan Buddhism, by the Mongolian prince Altan Khan, a descendent of the great Genghis Khan, in the sixteenth century. Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. His incarnation and successor, the Fourth Dalai Lama, is Mongolian and a relative of the Khan. In 1642, the Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), is installed as the undisputed ruler of Tibet. He becomes both a great scholar and an able administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth." The Fifth Dalai lama creates the Tibetan theocratic state with the Dalai Lama at its head. For a dozen years, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso. Gyatso's protégé, the Sixth Dalai Lama, accedes in 1695. In 1717, after years of unrest, the Chinese emperor finally installs the Seventh Dalai Lama and proclaims Tibet a Chinese protectorate. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next 200 years. Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Over the next 250 years, the three kingdoms go through a process of consolidation and splintering, culminating in the reunification of the country under the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayana Shah in 1768–69. Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest museums, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Tibetan arms and armour. Item 36.25.1464., within the exhibition, is a near identical sword, dated as 17th century, used until the 19th century. Please note, for information purposes, almost every Chinese or Tibetan sword for sale today on the non specialist market, are common reproductions made in China, often sold as real. It is a sad reality that there are literally [for want of quantification] no original antique Sino -Tibetan swords remaining in China today. Despite many appearing for sale today within the Chinese market. Almost without exception, every sword that existed still in China, in the 1950's, was ordered destroyed under direction of the Cultural Revolution. Iron or steel was considered too precious, and all iron items, including cooking pots and eating vessels swords and daggers were ordered to be scrapped and destroyed. Everyone complied with this instruction. Overall 23 3/4 inches long.
A Beautiful 17th-18th Century, Moghul, Islamic Tulwar Sword With a very good steel blade with a fine armourer's seal mark. All steel hilt with single bar guard. Emperor Aurangzeb [or Muhiuddin Mohammed] was the last significant Mughal emperor. His reign lasted from 1658 to 1707. During this phase, the empire had reached its largest geographical expansion. Nevertheless it was during this time period that the first sign of decline of the great Moghul Empire was noticed. The reasons were many. The bureaucracy became corrupted and the army implemented outdated tactics and obsolete weaponry. The Moghul Empire was descended from Turko-Mongol, Rajput and Persian origins. It reigned a significant part of the subcontinent of Asia from the initial part of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century. When it was at the peak of its power, around the 18th century, it controlled a major part of the Asian subcontinent and portions of the current Afghanistan. To understand it's wealth and influence, in 1600 the Emperor Akbar had revenues from his empire of £17.5 million pounds, and 200 years later, in 1800, the exchequer of the entire British Empire had revenues of just £16 million pounds. Photo in the gallery and thumbnail of Emperor Auranzeb with his Tulwar [information only, not included]
A Beautiful 1850's Victorian Albert Pattern South Salopian Cavalry Helmet In nice order for it's age and use that may well have been over 50 years. Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry dates its origins to the French wars of 1793-1815. Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the country, with Shropshire raising many varied and exotic corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others. These mixed units were amalgamated in 1814 to form the Shrewsbury Yeomanry Cavalry, the South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry and the North Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1828, the Shrewsbury Y.C. was absorbed into the South Shropshire, leaving two Regiments, known as the South Salopian and the North Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry. These in turn amalgamated in 1872 to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in 1795. The regiment's first active service came during the South African War, when volunteers served in the 13th (Shropshire) Company of the 5th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. Three contingents of 13/5 served in South Africa, earning the first Shropshire Yeomanry battle-honour, 'South Africa 1900-1902'. During the 1914-18 War, The Shropshire Yeomanry served in the Western Desert of Egypt and in Palestine (against the Turks). The only V.C. to a Shropshire Regiment was won by Sgt. Harold Whitfield of the Yeomanry, for gallantry at Burj-el-Lisaneh in Palestine in 1918. This helmet is complete with it's original, 160 [or more] years old Victorian plume, but the plume is in very poor condition [not shown]. Overall light surface wear denting and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].
A Beautiful 18th to 19th Century, Indo Persian Gold Koftgari Inlaid Ankus Steel blade hook and spike head with superb gold inlay known as Koftgari work with the matching hilt pommel, and a fine sectional haft [likely, either ivory or bone] inlaid with a red and black geometric ball and line pattern. The Ankus or elephant goad was the part of the elephant driver's equipment that was used to guide and instruct the elephant to follow his instructions. Although not strictly speaking a weapon, it is always traditionally revered as of the same status, and is always displayed alongside the normal armour and swords of the time in the great military museum collections. From about the mid 1st millennium BC elephants were used in warfare in India, gradually ousting war chariots from the battlefield. The last recorded use of elephants was in the late 18th century, although they continued to be used as draught animals. In the time of the Great Mughals in India (1526-1858) people either rode an elephant or sat in a ‘Howdah’. The most valuable elephants were protected by armour. Some were fully clad in armour, others had only their heads and parts of their trunk protected, others had no protection at all. Elephant armour was made of; plates and mail (As in the royal Armouries example), Scales sewn on a piece of cloth, brigandine (steel plates sewn in between layers of cloth), or just quilted cloth or leather. The armour also had a peculiarity – protective ‘ears’, two projections on the elephant’s head to protect the driver.
A Beautiful 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask Not maker marked, but of very fine quality indeed. I small body dent. Good spring action to the multi measure spout.
A Beautiful All Brass Mounted Early 19th Century English Flintlock Pistol From the Napoleonic Wars period a very fine condition brass barrel pistol indeed, with very fine engraved furniture, all in brass, including the lock plate. The all brass mounted pistols were often the weapon of choice for naval officer's due to the corrosive nature of sea spray on steel mounted pistols, similarly as ship's blunderbusses tended to bear brass rather that steel barrels. The action is as crisp as new. This is truly a delightful piece in wonderful condition.
A Beautiful Ancient Bronze Age Dagger Circa 12th Century B.C. This is a most handsome ancient bronze light dagger with double edged blade and panelled grip, in excellent condition, and fine ancient patination, with clay encrustation, from one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the period of the so called Trojan Wars. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This sword comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history.Sword and weapons from this era were made in the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this sword, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger is in very nice condition . Although a lightweight piece, one would imagine it to be an extremely effective close quarter fighting knife. Approx 12 inches long overall
A Beautiful Ancient Koto Katana Formerly a Nodachi or Odachi Circa 1450 Odachi were extremely long and very rare swords, used in battle in the ancient warring days. This stunning sword also has some very fine, original, iron mounts decorated with pure gold. The blade has a fabulous blade with an extremely vibrant sugaha hamon. This sword is an absolute beauty, both ancient and enchanting, and fitted with stunning Edo mounts of superb quality. The original Edo period saya simple black lacquer. The tsuba is formed in the simulated stone form similar to molten rock from mount Fuji, with very fine chiseled iron detailing. The tang has several intersperced mekugiana, which would indicate it was an incredibly long odachi. To qualify as an odachi, the sword in question must have had an original blade length over 3 shaku (35.79 inches or 90.91 cm). However, as with most terms in Japanese sword arts, there is no exact definition of the size of an odachi. The odachi's importance died off after the Siege of Osaka of 1615 (the final battle between Tokugawa Ieyasu and Toyotomi Hideyori). The Bakufu government set a law which prohibited holding swords above a set length (in Genna 3 (1617), Kan'ei 3 (1626) and Shoho 2 (1645)). After the law was put into practice, odachi were cut down to the shorter legal size. This is one of the reasons why odachi are so rare. Since then many odachi were shortened to use as katana, we feel this may well have been when this blade was shortened. Odachi were very difficult to produce because their length makes heat treatment in a traditional way more complicated: The longer a blade is, the more difficult (or expensive) it is to heat the whole blade to a homogenous temperature, both for annealing and to reach the hardening temperature. The quenching process then needs a bigger quenching medium because uneven quenching might lead to warping the blade. The method of polishing is also different. Because of their size, Odachi were usually hung from the ceiling or placed in a stationary position to be polished, unlike normal swords which are moved over polishing stones. The sword is o-suriagi and now has a blade 26.75, overall 36 inches inches long. Around 550 years old. Mounted with very fine gold and iron mounts and pure gold decorated dragon menuki. A fine blade with a vibrant, undulating gunome hamon..The early print in the gallery of Asahina Yoshihide in armour, a long sword (nodachi) slung on his back, holding a large iron club and the piece of armor he tore from Soga Gorô
A Beautiful anf Fine Quality 18th Century German Hunting Sword, Cuttoe With a long maker marked blade, and with fine and elegant engraving. The hilt is eight sided carved horn, with brass S quillons and a brass button pommel. A most attractive and elegant long hunting sword. In America this form of sword was often called a cuttoe, a revolutionary war hangar sword. For similar examples please see G. C. Neumann's "Swords & Blades of the American Revolution"
A Beautiful Antique Renaissance Style 'Heroic' Armour Gorget Made in iron, in the Italianate 16th century style, somewhat reminiscent of the truly magnificent heroic amours made by master armourer Filippo Negroli (ca. 1510–1579) and his contemporaries. In the manner of armour that one can only now see in the greatest historical collections, such as the British Royal Collection, and in the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Of course, if this was by one of the finest renaissance armour masters, such as Negroli, it would quite simply be priceless, however, in many ways it is most fortunate it is not an original, as, in this case, it is easily affordable to most antique armour collectors, or, admirers and collectors of fine and beautiful things. It was likely made during the renaissance revival period, of the time of Sir Walter Scott, when that reknown Scots born British author was recreating the great historical periods. Such as in his heroic novels such as Ivanhoe, The Lady of the Lake and Rob Roy. The renaissance revival gripped the imagination of Europe, and many of the most famous armours were recreated, for the fortunate few, and cast from the originals held in the great museum collections. Fantastical neo classical and neo gothic mansions and great estates were created, by the new industrial magnates with the incredible wealth that they often commanded. The classical revival was superbly expressed in the extravagant décor, based on those earlier styles, that was commissioned to decorate their finest estates and grand palatial homes. This gorget is in very good condition, cast, and with fine patina. The last picture in the gallery is an original period portrait of a plain and simpler gorget being worn, without full armour [for information only not included]. When full armour was not suitable or required the gorget was often worn on it's own as a badge of rank. Width 9 inches approx.
A Beautiful Antique Royal Vienna Porcelain Cabinet Plate By Griener Hand painted by one of the finest artists of Royal Vienna, and signed Griener. A portrait bust of Graf von Zeppelin With gold reflief border. Pre WW1 early 20th Century. Royal Vienna mark in underglazed blue. Gilding of the finest quality 99% good or better condition.
A Beautiful British Dragoon Basket Hilted Sword, Mid 18th Century, As used by the Scot's Dragoon's and the 7th Queens Dragoons in the 1740's to 1790's. Made by English blade maker Harvey, and bearing the GR Cypher of King George. Harvey may be one of the marks of renown Birmingham maker, Samuel Harvey, 1718-1778, who supplied many basket hilted swords to the British Crown, mostly for use by Highland troops. This sword is marked with the surname alone, HARVEY below the Crown and Cypher [the overlapping monogramme of GR] for King George. His more common mark was a running wolf, his other marks could be Harvey or S.Harvey. The fabulous basket hilt has the large oval ring insert, for the holding of the horses reins while gripping the sword when riding to battle, and part of the original buff hide basket liner. Wire bound fishskin grip, discoid pommel. There is a near identical sword by Harvey, bearing the same form of maker mark and crown GR in a collection of American War of Independence weaponry featured in "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann. Page 148 sword 261s The shortage of cavalry in the Revolutionary War was a major drawback for the British. A strong cavalry presence at battles like Long Island and Brandywine could have enabled the British to encircle the Americans and prevent their retreat. It is possible that a strong cavalry force would have captured Washington’s army entirely during the march south through New Jersey in 1776. This is the form of sword used by the Scot's Greys Dragoons in the 7 Years War against France, and by the 7th Queen's Dragoons. Portraits from the time show this very sword as worn.
A Beautiful British Heavy Dragoon Pattern Flintlock Pistol The pistol pattern as was used in the seven years war against France in the Americas by the British heavy dragoons. With it's typical long barrel, brass land pattern furniture, good tight mainspring on the double lined steel lock, that was engraved [refreshed]. It also bears the traditional crowned GR mark and ordnance pattern stamp. This is a beautiful looking pistol of superb proportions. It's patina is simply lustrous and we hope this is seen well enough in the photographs.12 inch barrel The battles of seven years war, in which British heavy dragoons served with distinction; French and Indian War 1754-1763 encompassed some famous battles, including in 1754 Fort Necessity 1755 Beauséjour 1755 Monongahela River 1755 Lake George 1756 Oswego 1757 Fort William Henry 1758 Fort Ticonderoga 1758 Louisbourg 1758 Fort Frontenac 1759 Fort Niagara 1760 Quebec 1760 Montreal. This pistol has had considerable restoration, and that is reflected in the price, but it is a beautiful piece of most decorative and impressive weaponry. It came from the 'Nepalese cache' a truly amazing source of old British weaponry that had been stored over the past centuries by the Kings of Nepal, in the former palace of an executed Nepalese Prime Minister, that were discovered and purchased by the eminent Christian Cranmer, and featured on a Discovery channel documentary.
A Beautiful Early 19th Century American Folk Art Pen Work Walking Stick Later mounted in England with a staghorn handle with a silver hallmarked collar made in Sheffield silver in 1904. The scene is beautifully done and highly intricate. It depicts a brick built house, within a garden of pine trees and a great tree. The scene also has mounted huntsmen, coming past the house, with whips and chasing a fox or a wolf with hounds. There is also a walking, pipe smoking figure, and a man holding an iron pronged capture device, and a dog walking from a kennel. All the men are wearing Shakos.
A Beautiful Early Samurai Katana, Koto Era Circa 1500 Showing traces of a fabulous, and intricate fine and very deep hamon. A suite of matching iron Higo school mounts, inlaid with thin curlicue lines of silver and soft metal. Shi-shi lion dog minuki. Red and black speckled saya in original Edo period lacquer. Unusual and very attractive, original Edo era two colour Tsuke wrap. This sword has been most gently and sypathetically cleaned by our conservator, as it had likely been untouched and stored for nigh on 150 years or more. Every effort has been made to remove accumulated grime but to highlight all the fine detail and to keep it's natural and original Edo period 'feel' and condition.
A Beautiful Fine Quality Napoleonic Wars Era Continental Dragoon Pistol With fine walnut stock, steel barrel, brass forend barrel band and brass furniture. Very similar to the French Royal and Imperial style and very possibly Austrian. Percussion conversion action to enhance it's performance and to increase it's working life into the 19th century. The Austrian cavalry consisted of cuirassiers, dragoons, chevaulegeres (light dragoons), hussars and uhlans. They were excellent swordsman and horsemen, well-trained and well-mounted and enjoyed great reputation in Europe. For French cavalry officer, de Brack, the Hungarian hussars were some of "the best European cavalry." Sir Wilson wrote about the Austrian cavalry: "... both cuirassiers and hussars are superb". Anoher British observer described their cuirassiers in 1814 in Paris as "outstanding". According to "The Armies of Europe": "The [Austrian] cavalry is excellent. The heavy or "German" cavalry, consisting of Germans and Bohemians is well horsed, well armed, and always efficient. The light cavalry has, perhaps, lost by mixing up the German chevau-légers with the Polish lancers, but its Hungarian hussars will always remain the models of all light cavalry." Possibly used at such great battlews such as Austerlitz. The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, where the French Empire effectively crushed the Third Coalition. On 2 December 1805 (20 November Old Style, 11 Frimaire An XIV, in the French Republican Calendar), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting. The battle took place near Austerlitz (Slavkov u Brna) about 10 km south-east of Brno in Moravia, at that time in the Austrian Empire. The battle was a tactical masterpiece of the same stature as the ancient battles of Gaugamela and Cannae, in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Napoleon's words to his troops after the battle were full of praise: Soldats! Je suis content de vous ( Soldiers! I am pleased with you). The Emperor provided two million golden francs to the higher officers and 200 francs to each soldier, with large pensions for the widows of the fallen. Orphaned children were adopted by Napoleon personally and were allowed to add "Napoleon" to their baptismal and family names. This battle is one of four that Napoleon never awarded a victory title, the others being Marengo, Jena and Friedland
A Beautiful Graf Zeppelin Frame with Original 1936 Olympics Photo Card A beautiful easel mounted picture frame in florid relief patterned britannia metal, with a portrait bust in relief of Graf Zeppelin. It displays a Berlin stamped photo card of the Olympice rings in Berlin in 1936. A fantastic piece of 1930's German Olympic memorablia.
A Beautiful Javanese Kris With Pure Gold Snake God Symbol Onlaid On of the most beautiful we have seen. A sarpa lumarka wavy blade with a gold Naga [snake] in sangkelat [13 waves, or lok]. Ladrang form of wrangka hilt crosspiece [boat form] of a simply stunning wood, which may be Javan pelet. In Java, the metal sleeve is called pendokbunton, which is a full metal sleeve. The keris is considered a magical weapon, filled with great spiritual power. In Javanese there is a term "Tosan Aji" or "Magic Metal" used to describe the keris. The keris is replete with the totems of Malay-Indonesian culture of hindu and islam. The blade is a mixture of meteoric steel and nickel According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart
A Beautiful Koto Period Japanese Katana, Circa 1550 This is a relatively quiet sword or as the Japanese say, shibui. With a beautiful blade that has an emphatic sugaha hamon, of boldness and distinction yet subtle simplicity. The fushi kashira are Edo, circa 1750, sentoku [brass copper alloy] and delightfully hand carved with immense quality and skill of master quality. The menuki are of dragon. The Tsuba is very fine, early Edo period, in iron with a hammered simulated stone finish, with small flying geese with gold beaks. The iron tsuba plate is nicely signed. The saya is black with a blue tinged crushed abilone shell background. The Tsuka ito is a beautiful mid blue colour, in silk. This is an ideal sword for a collector who admires beauty in it's simplicity, without extravagence, but of supreme quality, and with much age. A sword that has given fine service for over 450 years yet looks as if it was made yesterday. Such subtlety, such quality.
A Beautiful Museum Piece. A Samurai Wakazashi in Kogarasu Maru Form Blade now re-polished. Worthy of any museum collection of stunning works of art. For not only is this the weapon of a samurai this is a true art sword in every sense of the word. The Kagarasu maru double edged blade form, in the world of original Japanese samurai swords, is the rarest and most desirable of all blade shapes. It is almost never seen in original antique Tachi and katana form, but, very occasionally, in original antique Wakazashi or tanto form. Interestingly, although supremely rare, this is the second we have had in two years. For this one was fortunately offered to us due to the vendor seeing our last, very rare Shinto Kogarasu maru tachi, on our site only two weeks ago [that sword is now sold]. This sword is Shinshinto period, and signed the 56th generation descendant of the great Tomonari, and dated the 11th year of Tenpo. The tang is fully inscribed "Oite? Bizen Yokiyama kitae kore, [11th year of] Tenpo gatso bi, Tomonari go ju Roku Dai Mago [56th generation Tomonari], Osafune Sukenari saku". The whole theme of the sword is the water dragon, all it's original Edo period mounts and fittings, the tsuba, menuki and saya, all depict the dragon and it's water domain. The fittings are simply superbly hand chisselled gold takibori waves, signed Tomonao with gold dragon menuki and a gold takibori dragon kodzuka. The saya is lacquered with a dragon and the blade is in great polish, with superb hamon and the distinctive Togarasu maru 'Crows Beak' double edged form with notare hamon around both edges with the upper edge terminating in the wide hi. The Kogarasu Maru "Little Crow" is the most famous of the known Kogarasu Zukuri blades and is currently in the Japanese Imperial Collection. The tang of the Kogarasu Maru in the Imperial Collection is not signed but the blade is believed to have been made during the either the early Heian period or late Nara period in the 8th century, by the sword smith Amakuni, who is said to have created the first curved Japanese sword and is believed to have lived during this period. Two other Kogarasu Zukuri blades exist from this rare era. A 56th generation descendant of Tomonari was called Sukenaga, but rarely swords also appear with the name Sukenari bearing that same great antecedent. It has been said that Sukenaga and Sukenari may be one and the same person, as name variations and changes by the same man are very common in Japanese sword culture. However, Hawley does list them seperately but still as the same descendant line. 16 inch blade
A Beautiful Near 500 Year Old Koto Period Tachi, Circa 1530 With a typical narrow sugaha hamon of the Koto period. Most attractive black lacquer saya and gold ito wrap over traditional same with dragon menuki in gilt bronze. Gilded tachi koshirae. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. Tachi are the Samurai swords worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the center of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these two hangers. Traditionally in the Edo era only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted. This Tachi although mounted in the Edo period fittings, was made before the Edo period. The Edo started with the Tokugawa, who ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The Tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [the tachi wearing Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the Shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them.Imagawa Yoshimoto 1519 -1560) was one of the leading daimyo (feudal lords) in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tokaido region. He was also one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560. The blade should be very nicely improved with repolishing.
A Beautiful Noble's Antique Sinhalese [Ceylonese] Piha Kaetta Knife Dagger A most engaging ornate pihas and likely made exclusively by the Pattal Hattara (The Four Workshops). They were employed directly by the Kings of Kandy. Kandy, the independent kingdom, was first established by King Wickramabahu (1357–1374 CE). The last Kandyan king was in the early 1800's, and the workshops are no longer in existence today.The simplest are of plain steel, but very graceful form, with wooden or horn handles, and carried in the belt by every villager, to lop off inconvenient branches as he passes through the jungle, to open coconuts, or cut jungle ropes. From these knives there are all transitions to the most elaborate and costly of silver or gold inlaid and overlaid knives worn by the greatest chiefs as a part of the costume, and never intended for use. The workmanship of many of these is most exquisite but this fine work is done rather by the higher craftsmen, the silversmiths and ivory carvers, than by the mere blacksmith. Many of the best knives were doubtless made in the Four Workshops, such as is this example, the blades being supplied to the silversmith by the blacksmiths. "The best of the higher craftsmen (gold and silversmiths, painters, and ivory carvers, etc.) working immediately for the king formed a close, largely hereditary, corporation of craftsmen called the Pattal-hatara (Four Workshops). They were named as follows; The Ran Kadu [Golden Arms], the Abarana [Regalia], the Sinhasana [Lion Throne], and the Otunu [Crown] these men worked only for the King, unless by his express permission (though, of course, their sons or pupils might do otherwise); they were liable to be continually engaged in Kandy, while the Kottal-badda men were divided into relays, serving by turns in Kandy for periods of two months. The Kottal-badda men in each district were under a foreman (mul-acariya) belonging to the Pattal-hatara. Four other foremen, one from each pattala, were in constant attendance at the palace.This beautiful noble's dagger is stunningly decorated with veka deka liya vela [double curve vine motif] and the flower motif sina mal, and a bold vine in damascene silver. The blade is traditonal iron and the hilt beautifully carved horn
A Beautiful Original Edo Period Wakazashi Saya Superbly decorated in multi colour patinated copper soft metal strips. A wonderful high end saya that would compliment any suitable blade that may fit. Small repair required at the throat and opening. 17.75 inches long
A Beautiful Pair of Boutet Style French 1st Empire Officer's Pistols From the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic era. These are typical pistols used by an officer in Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte's service, during the wars in Europe, in the Grande Armee against Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Spain. Such as the Battles of Austerlitz, Wagram, and Moscow, the Battles of Wertingen, Marango, Salamanca Badajoz etc. etc.Typical Boutet style oval, flat butt caps beautifully engraved with an Revolutionary symbols of a Shield over a crossed Fasces, Arrow, Quiver and Club. All steel mounts and the finest octagonal to round Damascus barrels. Lacking rammers, one barrel end with some forend corrosion. A stunning pair of pistols from the greatest era in France's history. 6.5 inch barrels, both 12 inches long overall As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Beautiful Pair of Original Antique Native American Cowboy Gauntlets A Beautiful Pair, Circa 1850, from the early 'Wild West Frontier' period. These stunning and rare fringed gauntlets are beautifully embroidered with flowers, florid patterns and a western monogramme, and were likely from the Cree, or the Lakota Sioux tribes of North and South Dakota. The most famous members of the Lakota Sioux were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. In yellow hide [likely buckskin] with long fringing. Excellent condition, small split in base of finger.The style of Gauntlets worn by 'Kit Carson' and his contemporaries. Superb, charming and highly collectable pieces from the old, American, Wild West Frontier. Gauntlets are protective gloves that have a flared cuff. For centuries, these cuffs protected European and Asian bow hunters and military archers from being snapped on the wrist by their bowstrings. Medieval soldiers and knights began wearing chain-mail gauntlets during the 1300s, and armored gauntlets appeared in Europe during the 1400s. Four hundred years later and halfway around the world, leather gauntlets appeared in the American West as military uniform accessories. They were soon appropriated by Indian artists, embellished with diverse ornaments, and incorporated into the civilian wardrobe. Here they became intrinsically linked with Western people, history, and landscape, and a symbol of the frontier. The original European form was reworked with a wild American veneer. Former mountain men -- Jim Bridger and Kit Carson among them -- occasionally worked guiding emigrant trains and military units through little-known country. They also helped track renegades of diverse stripes. These scouts were colorful characters, highly skilled, and not required to maintain a military dress code. Their attire was subsequently functional, comfortable, and drawn from a variety of media and cultural sources. By the 1870s, long and abundant fringe was in style and pinked edges provided decorative flair to leather clothing that was by nature quite showy.A similar pair [though later] of Lakota Sioux gauntlets can be seen in the Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art in the Fenimore Art Museum NY.
A Beautiful Pair, of Silver & Gold Alloy Inlaid Pistols. Ottoman Empire Likely with 17th century English proved barrels. From the Ottoman Empire a pair of most glorious pistols, mounted in niello decorated silver, and with 'Spanish' form barrels, that bear proof stamps of, most likely, John Cotterill, an English maker of the 17th century. His proof mark is recorded, and is the same as these guns bear, being the letters 'I C' with a crown above. This mark is stamped around three times on each barrel. The barrels are profusely over decorated with elaborate gold alloy inlay. These guns would have been used at the time of Mehmet IIIrd, possibly before and very likely after. We include in the gallery for your perusal a period portrait of Sultan Mehmet III, and above his right shoulder, hanging on his palce wall is his sword and his pair of pistols that are of the very same form as we offer here. During the eighteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was almost continuously at war with one or more of its enemies--Persia, Poland, Austria, and Russia. War with Russia, in fact, dominates the Ottoman scene from much of the eighteenth century; the two states clashed on 1711, between 1768 and 1774, and again between 1787 and 1792. In all these wars of the eighteenth century, there were no clear victors or losers. During the 18th century Turkish involvement in European affairs is limited mainly to the immediate neighbours. There is a succession of wars with Russia and constant adjustment to the frontier with Austria in the Balkans. But in 1798 the Ottoman empire finds itself unavoidably caught up in Europe's great war of the time, when Napoleon decides to invade Egypt as an indirect method of harming British imperial interests. It is a profoundly demoralized invading force which finally confronts the Mameluke army at Giza on July 21. But the French are arranged by Napoleon on the open terrain in solid six-deep divisional squares, and their fire-power slices with devastating effect through the wild charges of the Egyptian cavalry. Victory in the Battle of the Pyramids delivers Cairo to Napoleon. While emphasizing his respect for Islam, Napoleon set about organizing Egypt as a French territory with himself as its ruler, assisted by a senate of distinguished Egyptians. But there is already a major snag. Some ten days after Napoleon's victory, Nelson finally comes across the warships of the French fleet - at anchor in Aboukir Bay, near the western mouth of the Nile. On August 1, in the Battle of the Nile, he destroys them as a fighting force (only two French ships of the line survive). Napoleon, master of Egypt, is stranded in his new colony. He has no safe way of conveying his army back to France. Moreover he has provoked a new enemy. Turkey, of whose empire Egypt is officially a part, declares war on France in September 1798. In February news comes that a Turkish army is preparing to march south through Syria and Palestine to attack Egypt. One of the pistols is lacking it's top jaw on the cock, but we can replace it with another perfectly matched
A Beautiful Shinto Katana School of Hizen Kuni Tadayoshi 17th century signed sword bearing the name of the great line of Tadayoshi smiths of Hizen. This sword requires the saya to be relacquered but this is something we can easily attend to. Now repolished the hamon is utterly fabulous, of stunning choji [mushroom shaped] form, with yakideshi. The tsuba is an old early, Koto iron example, very shibui, with a stone russeted effect finish and traces of engraved decoration. The wrap is original, old, traditional Edo, battle wrap, in thin flat cotton ito, with a pair of very nice menuki. Hizen Tadayoshi founded a lineage of sword makers that lasted through nine generations and spanned the years 1596-1880. Throughout this time the sword school of Hizen Tadayoshi was regarded as one of the very finest anywhere in Japan. The blades made by the Tadayoshi masters were carried by both bushi (Samurai warriors) and Daimyo (Lords) alike with great pride and confidence. The output of the Tadayoshi school was prolific and much longer than most of it's rivals, consequently there are Tadayoshi blades extant today. Such was the quality of the Tadayoshi swordmaking line that many emulations of their fine works were created. This sword came from a fine old American collection, the Jefferson Institute, exhibition piece number 804, that has recently thinned out it's collection, and we were delighted to acquire such a fine sword from them. Apparently, for all the time it was in the collection they were uncertain as to reality of the great name and school style that it bears.
A Beautiful Wakazashi Sentoku Kinko Tsuba From The Edo Period Of crashing waves and spray with sea birds flying. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Beautiful, Ancient, 2000 Plus Year Old Chinese Jian Sword, Han Dynasty. Over the past 30 years we have only had just a few of these most ancient Chinese swords, and we are delighted to offer this most beautiful example. Between 2000 and 2400 years old this stunning sword was made by the Dian Peoples in South West China Yunnan Province. The Bronze hilt has amazing form and the blade very likely not the original fitted, although well corroded. Hilts were frequently remounted, as like the Samurai Culture in Japanese blades, and fittings were frequently changed and altered many times. Han Dynasty bronzes are practically indistinguishable from earlier Warring States bronzes so it could indeed be older than estimated. The Dian were first mentioned historically in Sima Qian's Shiji; according to Chinese sources, the Chinese Chu general Zhuang Qiao was the founder of the Dian Kingdom. Chinese soldiers who accompanied him married the natives. Zhuang was engaged in a war in conquer the "barbarian" peoples of the area, but he and his army were prevented from going back to Chu by enemy armies, so he settled down and became King of the new Dian Kingdom. The kingdom was located around Kunming, it was surrounded, on its east, the Yeh-lang tribes, to the west, Kunming tribes, and to the north in Chengdu, by the Chinese, and had relations with all of them. It is said that during King Qingxiang's (Ching-hsiang) rule over Chu (298 236 BC), a military force was sent on a mission to the area which makes up the present day provinces of Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan which respsectively were the lands of the Ba and Shu, Chinzong, and the Tien. Native women married the Chu soldiers, who stayed in the area. The Dian were subjugated by the Han Dynasty under the reign of Emperor Wu of Han in 109 BC. The Dian King willingly received the Chinese invasion, in the hopes of assistance against rival tribes, it was at this time he received his seal from the Chinese, and became a tributary. The Han Dynasty incorporated the territory of the Dian Kingdom into the Yizhou Commandery, but left the King of Dian as the local ruler, until a rebellion during Han Chao-ti's rule. The Chinese proceeded with colonization, and conquered the Kunming tribes in 86 and 82 B.C., reaching Burma. Bronze is a metal primarily comprised of copper and tin but some lead may be added. Bronze has been used for implements in China since the Xia Dynasty (2100 BC to 1600 BC). During the Shang (1765 BC to ~1122 BC) and Zhou periods (1045 BC to 221 BC) new, more elaborate forms were developed and the bronze age reached its height during the Han period. During the earliest times, bronze items focused on ritual objects and themes, gradually more attention was placed on scenes from everyday life. It is this transition that signals the Second Bronze Age.
A Beautiful, Antique, Long Straight Bladed Executioner's Keris [or Kris] Carved buffalo horn hilt, meteoric metal blade of iron and nickel. Excellent and ancient grain shown in the blade Yearly cleanings, required as part of the spirituality and mythology surrounding the weapon, often left ancient blades worn and thin. The repair materials depended on location and it is quite usual to find a weapon with fittings from several areas. For example, a kris may have a blade from Java, a hilt from Bali and a sheath from Madura.The making of a kris was the specialised duty of metalworkers called empu or pandai besi (lit. "iron-skilled"). In Bali this occupation was preserved by the Pande clan to this day, members of whom also made jewellery. A bladesmith makes the blade in layers of different iron ores and meteorite nickel. Some blades can be made in a relatively short time, while more intricate weapons take years to complete. In high quality kris blades, the metal is folded dozens or hundreds of times and handled with the utmost precision. Empu are highly respected craftsmen with additional knowledge in literature, history, and the occult In many parts of Indonesia, the kris used to be the choice weapon for execution. The executioner's kris has a long, straight, slender blade. The condemned knelt before the executioner, who placed a wad of cotton or similar material on the subject's shoulder or clavicle area. The blade was thrust through the padding, piercing the subclavian artery and the heart. Upon withdrawal, the cotton wiped the blade clean. Death came within seconds. The kris blade is called a wilah or bilah. Kris blades are usually narrow with a wide, asymmetrical base. The kris is famous for its wavy blade; however, the older types of kris dated from the Majapahit era have straight blades. The number of luk or curves on the blade is always odd. Common numbers of luk range from three to thirteen waves, but some blades have up to 29. In contrast to the older straight type, most kris have a wavy blade which is supposed to increase the severity of wounds inflicted upon a victim. During kris stabbing, the wavy blade severs more blood vessels, creating a wider wound which causes the victim to easily bleed to death. According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart The scabbard is damaged but we can repaier this near invisibly.
A Beautiful, Exceptionally Long Flintlock Holster Pistol 18th Century. This is a true beauty, with slender elegant lines and smooth texture. All brass furniture of nice quality. Finest walnut stock with a superlative original patina. The form of pistol used on horseback throughout the American War of Independence, the entire Napoleonic Wars and the Battle of Waterloo eras. This fine pistol has a long eared brass butt cap, a roccoco escutcheon, and long brass barrel cappucine. Barrel 14.5 inches . Overall 21.5 inches.
A Beautifull Antique Gold Mounted Shinshinto Court Tachi Komei Period Blade in full polish showing very good and intense hamon, with very finely gold plated fittings throughout and an enamel and gold tsuba decorated in deep takabori with a snow leopard and chrysanthemums. Tachi are the Samurai swords worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the center of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these two hangers. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. Traditionally in the Edo era only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted. This Tachi although mounted in the Edo period fittings, was made before the Edo period. The Edo started with the Tokugawa, who ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The Tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [the tachi wearing Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the Shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them.Imagawa Yoshimoto 1519 -1560) was one of the leading daimyo (feudal lords) in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tokaido region. He was also one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560. Overall this tachi is in lovely condition, but the nishiji gold lacquer does have a few small age losses.
A Belgian Croix De Guerre Gallantry Medal The croix de guerre is a military decoration of both France and Belgium, where it is also known as the Oorlogskruis (Dutch). It was first created in 1915 in both countries and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The croix de guerre was also commonly bestowed to foreign military forces allied to France and Belgium.The croix de guerre may either be bestowed as a unit award or to individuals who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with enemy forces. The medal is also awarded to those who have been "mentioned in despatches", meaning a heroic deed was performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit. The unit award of the croix de guerre was issued to military commands who performed heroic deeds in combat and were subsequently recognized by headquarters.
A Berber Warrior's Arm Dagger 19th Century. Part of a small collection of fine antique North African antique daggers. A most interesting Tuareg small arm or sleeve dagger. Traditionally worn on the left forearm with the hilt pointing down the arm, extremely effective blade, leather scabbard, skull-crusher steel pommel. The Tuareg, a nomadic people predominantly of Berber origin. The Tuareg long dominated the central and west-central areas of the Sahara desert, including portions of what is now Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, and Morocco, and had a reputation as effective warriors and as highwaymen. A late 19th century dagger 21 inches long 14 inch blade. Completely in untouched, long stored condition, with light red rust to blade, and should respond beautifully to gentle polishing
A Berlin Olympic Zeppelin Tray Showing the 1936 Olympics Transatlanic Route From Germany to America and Back. A good size serving trasy or dish 30cm across. Made in hand beaten German hallmarked silver 835 grade in the form of scalloped shell. Made to celebrate the record braking summer Olympic Games season of the Zeppelin Hindenburg in 1936. LZ 129 Hindenburg (Luftschiff Zeppelin #129; Registration: D-LZ 129) was a large German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship, the lead ship of the Hindenburg class, the longest class of flying machine and the largest airship by envelope volume. Designed and built by the Zeppelin Company (Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH) on the shores of the Bodensee (Lake Constance) in Friedrichshafen, the airship flew from March 1936 until destroyed by fire 14 months later on May 6, 1937, at the end of the first North American transatlantic journey of its second season of service. Thirty-six people died in the accident, which occurred while landing at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in Manchester Township, New Jersey, United States. Hindenburg was named after the late Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), President of Germany (1925–1934). The Hindenburg made 17 round trips across the Atlantic Ocean in 1936, its first and only full year of service, with ten trips to the United States and seven to Brazil. In July 1936, the airship also completed a record Atlantic double crossing in five days, 19 hours and 51 minutes. Among the famous passengers who travelled on the airship was German heavyweight boxing champion Max Schmeling, who returned home on the Hindenburg to a hero's welcome after knocking out Joe Louis in New York on June 19, 1936. During the 1936 season the airship flew 191,583 miles (308,323 km), carried 2,798 passengers, and transported 160 tons of freight and mail, a level of success that encouraged the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin Company to plan the expansion of its airship fleet and transatlantic services. The airship was reportedly so stable that a pen or pencil could be stood on a table without falling. Its launches were so smooth that passengers often missed them, believing that the airship was still docked to its mooring mast. The cost of one way passage between Germany and the United States was US$400, an especially considerable sum in the Depression era. Hindenburg passengers were generally affluent, including many public figures, entertainers, noted sportsmen, political figures, and leaders of industry. The Hindenburg was used again for propaganda purposes when it flew over the Olympic Stadium in Berlin on August 1 during the opening ceremonies of the 1936 Summer Olympic Games. Shortly before the arrival of Adolf Hitler to declare the Games open, the airship crossed low over the packed stadium while trailing the Olympic flag on a long weighted line suspended from its gondola. Olympiafahrt 1936 (Berlin) flown Hindenburg cover. Weight approx 22 oz Troy.
A Big, Beautiful, and Impressive Katana Bearing A Very Desirable Name ***Re-polished blade measuring a huge 31.5 inches from Tsuba to Tip. Signed Osaka-ju Gassan Unryûshi Minamoto Sadakazu. With wave design fushi kashira highlighted with gilt, gilded menuki of gourds. Original Edo lacquer saya. A very nice Koto sukashi tsuba, probably Choshu school, with a russetted surface. As a sword bearing the name of one of the great 19th century Gassan smiths, that ideally [but of course not essentially] could be presented to shinsa in Japan for official appraisal, as this Gassan smith was a copied, great master. Due to this, we price it for it's own merits and beauty, as if unsigned, but, with possibilities. A few swords, bearing his name, have appeared in the past decade and sold in the best London auction rooms, but similarly without any guarantee at all as to authenticity of signature, yet have still sold for respectable five figure sums without authentication. It has now been polished and absolutely fabulous as the hamon looks tremendously vibrant and impressive, with yakideshi. It does have a few pitting marks at the kissaki and on the blade but nothing at all to effect it's use. This beauty has lain untouched as a sleeper for nigh on 100 years or more. Please note we cannot authenticate the signature, but we most happily authenticate this sword as an original antique samurai sword, bearing the Gassan name. Gassan Sadakazu was born in 1836 in Sugoshi Village in Omi Province. . He was the son of Tsukamoto Shichirobei. When he was a young boy, he was adopted into the family of the famous sword maker Gassan Sadayoshi who's only living heir died prematurely. Gassan Sadayoshi was the founder of the Osaka Gassan school of sword making. He studied under Suishinshi Masahide until Masahide's death in 1825. At that time he moved to Osaka and started the revived the Gassan school of sword making which had died out in the early Edo period. Sadakazu started studying the art of sword making at about age 11. He made his first sword at age 14 and by age 20 was recognized as a top quality swordsmith and horimono carver. In the early 1860's when his teacher passed the age of 60, he assumed the role of Daisaku and made swords in his father's name. About this time he produced a number of swords in the Bizen or Yamato style in addition to the main Ayasugi tradition. His blade structure featured a modest curvature and a pronounced large boshi with only a slightly rounded edge (fukura-kareru), which were also characteristic of Sadayoshi's work. Work stopped for Sadakazu from 1876 when the wearing of swords was abolished until around 1887 when Japan went to war with China and the demand for swords resumed. He died in 1918 after a long and very distinguished career as one of the premier sword makers of the 19th and 20th centuries. Part of an article above by Fred Weissberg on the Gassan School
A Boer War 'Seige of Ladysmith' Bayonet Converted to Combat Knife This is a most interesting piece. It is a very rare 1880'S '3 rivet ' handle type, Metford rifle bayonet, that has been shortened and edged for use in the Seige of Ladysmith during the Boer War. It was later used by the Boer War soldier's son in the trenches of WW1. Before the regulation issue FS knife there was no close combat knife for use by British forces. It was the custom for soldiers to create their own. Examples from the Great War turn up in great variety, but the earlier ones from the war in South Africa are much more scarcely seen. This is a jolly intriguing piece and very competantly executed if a little crudely done. No scabbard
A Boer War Pair, Defence of Ladysmith, Elandslaagte 42nd Battery RFA Queens medal with 3 bars, the highly desireable bar the Defence of Ladysmith, the Belfast bar and the rare bar, Elandslaagte. The Kings medal has two standard bars, 1901 and 1902. Gunner C.R.McGill. These medals are well worthy of research as the Royal Field Artillery saw most gallant service in the defence, and that event is one of the most famous and significant of the whole Boer War. The 42nd was in Ladysmith when Sir George White arrived in Natal and along with the 21st Battery did excellent work at Elandslaagte, 21st October 1899 (see 1st Devons). Their services at Lombard's Kop or Ladysmith, 30th October, like those of Sir George White's other batteries, were invaluable, and prevented a check from being a defeat. 'The Times' historian has laid the greatest possible stress on this point, and undoubtedly Britain owed very much to the six batteries RFA engaged that day. Before the naval guns had arrived the little 15-pounders had actually pushed in under the nose of the 100-lb monster on Pepworth Hill, and had driven his workers from his side. The value of their services was freely acknowledged by Sir George White. After the siege commenced the artillery had plenty to do. On 3rd November the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were sent out and again earned praise. On the day of the great attack the 21st was at Range Post to prevent reinforcements reaching the enemy from the west, and with the 42nd were "of great assistance in keeping down the violence of the enemy's fire from Mounted Infantry Hill". The 53rd took up a position on Klip River Flats, absolutely unconcerned by the huge projectiles hurtling from Bulwana; and they did much to ensure the enemy's defeat, "shelling the south-east portion of Ceesar's Camp with great effect and inflicting very heavy losses on the enemy "(Sir George White's despatch). Major Blewitt was mentioned in Sir George White's despatches of 2nd December 1899 and 23rd March 1900, and 1 other officer, 5 non-commissioned officers, and a trumpeter—all of the 21st —in that of 23rd March, In General Buller's northern advance the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were again much in evidence, and frequently earned commendation. In Lord Robert's telegram of 24th August 1900, speaking of an attempted ambush, he said, "These guns [the enemy's] were silenced by a section of the 21st Battery under Lieutenant Hannay, and the trap failed". At Bergendal, 27th August (see 2nd Rifle Brigade), the Brigade Division again did well and was praised by General Buller, the 42nd being specially mentioned on this occasion. In Lord Roberts' despatch of 10th October 1900, para 35, the very skilful work of this Brigade Division was again recognised. In General Buller's final despatch 2 officers and 3 non-commissioned officers of the 21st were mentioned. In the second phase of the war this battery chiefly operated in the Eastern Transvaal. One section did excellent service with Colonel Benson in 1901. The Sergeant Major was mentioned in Lord Kitchener's despatch of 8th July 1901. Both medals are sleepers with wear overall and some denting. No ribbons.
A British 1796 Infantry Officer's Sword With single edged blade, copper gilt hilt and wire bound grip. No scabbard. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars, and the American War of 1812. Overall in good condition for age, with a most interesting and distinctive, sword combat, parrying defensive cut, around one third up the outside edge of the blade
A British 1842 Pattern 'Brown Bess' Percussion Musket and Bayonet The stock bears an East India co. lion stamp. Excellent bayonet maker marked by Gill and ordnance stamped. Good walnut stock, barrel with large London View and Proof marks. All barss furniture. The pattern '42 musket is the last pattern of 'Brown Bess' musket used until the British Army changed over to rifles in the 1850's. 33 inch barrel. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars and beyond. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname Brown Bess started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables39 inch barrel. Board of Ordnance marked with broad arrow. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname Brown Bess started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A British 1853 Pattern 3 Band Enfield Sergeants Prize Rifle 7th Kent Rifles Made by the London Armoury Co. of Bermondsey, dated 1861. Lock stamped Crown VR and LAC. Stock bears roundel stamp with London Armoury Co.. Bermondsey mark 1861. Very fine walnut stock with chequered wrist. Butt inlaid with silver prize disc, engraved to winner Corporal Soames 7th Kent Rifle Volunteers. Russetted surface to steel parts, very good walnut stock. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifle-musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867. The term “rifle-musket” meant that the rifle was the same length as the musket it replaced, because a long rifle was thought necessary to enable the muzzles of the second rank of soldiers to project beyond the faces of the men in front, ensuring that the weapon would be sufficiently long enough when fitted with bayonet to be able to be effective against cavalry, should such an eventuality arise. The 39 in (99 cm) barrel had three grooves, with a 1:78 rifling twist, and was fastened to the stock with three metal bands, so that the rifle was often called a "three band" model. The rifle's cartridges contained 68 grains (4.4 g) of black powder, and the ball was typically a 530-grain (34 g) Pritchett or a Burton-Minié, which would be driven out at about 850 to 900 feet (259 - 274m) per second. It was developed by William Pritchett in the 1850s. The Enfield’s adjustable ladder rear sight had steps for 100 yards (91 m) – the default or “battle sight” range – 200 yards (180 m), 300 yards (270 m), and 400 yards (370 m). For distances beyond that, an adjustable flip-up blade sight was graduated (depending on the model and date of manufacture) from 900 yards (820 m) to 1,250 yards (1,140 m). British soldiers were trained to hit a target 6 feet (180 cm) by 2 feet (61 cm) – with a 2 feet (61 cm) diameter bull's eye, counting 2 points – out to 600 yards (550 m). The target used from 650 yards (590 m) to 900 yards (820 m) had a 3 feet (91 cm) bull's eye, with any man scoring 7 points with 20 rounds at that range being designated a marksman. We have part restored this fine gun by servicing the lock and having the stock properly conserved and cleaned. However, it still requires a small hammer screw and it is lacking a ramrod.
A British Army 'Jack Knife' Dated 1943 Maker marked C.S.C. Knife blade, Can-opener, Rope-Splicer spike and Screwdriver. Flat blat chequered grips.Good condition for age. Good tight fittings.
A British Art Nouveau Letter Opener Engraved with An Airship From the 1910's to WW1 period. Bearing a blue stone it the handle. Silver plated over brass. A most attractive piece of gentlemans deskware.
A British General Service Medal with Northern Ireland Bar. Unnamed.
A British Royal Corps Of Transport Army Sergeant's Uniform Tunic, Trousers and Cap. Circa 1970's. In overall very nice order.
A British Royal Scots Badge The bonnet or glengarry cap badge for the Royal Scots regiment.
A British Tower Dragoon Pistol, Percussion Action Steel 9.25 inch barrel. Walnut stock, brass butt cap and furniture. Steel percussion lock 'Tower' marked with large crown stamp. Based on the 1756 pattern Light Dragoon pistol, but a 19th century percussion conversion to enable use into the 1840's and 50's. Used in the early Victorian period up to and including Crimea War and in the Indian Mutiny. The gunstock has had a very sucessful combat field repair by the wrist underneath.
A British Victorian 1850's Rifles Officers Sword Crimea To Zulu War Use. Used during the Crimean War to the Zulu War Eras in the British Empire. British light infantry volunteers crest. Gothic hilt with light infantry bugle and Victorian crown. In 1827, officers of the Rifle Regiments (considered somewhat of an elite) were authorised to carry their own variation of the sword. The blade was that of the 1822 pattern sword (changing, along with the line infantry, to a fullered blade in 1845). The hilt was of the gothic pattern but in steel with the crown and stringed bugle motif of the light infantry replacing the royal cypher. The pattern is still current for the Light Infantry Regiments. Hilt has the typical Light Infantry pierced bugle symbol. Finely etched blade with Queen Victoria's cypher and volunteer rifles. While most regiments fought in tight formation, allowing easy administration of orders; with light infantry working in small groups, in advance of the main line, complicated bugle calls were developed to pass orders. Because of the use of the bugle, rather than the standard line infantry drum, the bugle horn had been the badge of light infantry regiments since 1770, adapted from the Hanoverian Jäger regiments, and became standard for the newly formed Light Infantry regiments, since it represented the bugle calls used for skirmishing orders. While skirmishing, light infantry fought in pairs, so that one soldier could cover the other while loading. Line regiments fired in volleys, but skirmishers fired at will, taking careful aim at targets. While consideration was given to equipping light infantry with rifles, due to their improved accuracy, expected difficulty and expense in obtaining sufficient rifled weapons resulted in the standard infantry musket being issued to most troops. The accuracy of the musket decreased at long range and, since the French chasseurs and voltigeurs also used muskets, it is likely that skirmishers' firefights took place at ranges of only 50 yards (or less). 10 yards provided the accuracy of point-blank range. Although the French infantry (and, earlier, the Americans) frequently used multi-shot and grapeshot in their muskets, the British light infantry used only standard ball ammunition. Light infantry were equipped more lightly than regular line regiments, and marched at 140 paces per minute. Tasks of the light infantry included advance and rear guard action, flanking protection for armies and forward skirmishing. They were also called upon to form regular line formations during battles, or as part of fortification storming parties. During the Peninsular War, they regarded as the army's elite corps.
A Bronze Age Dagger From the Era Of Achilles and Hector Circa 1200 B.C. This is a most handsome ancient bronze long bladed dagger, with a tapering hilt and crescent pommel form, from one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the era of the so called Trojan Wars. The recessed grip panels within the hilt would likely be for slabs of ivory or horn. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This dagger comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history. Swords daggers and weapons from this era were made within the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this piece, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger sword is in very nice condition with typical ancient patina encrustations . 36 cm long. Picture in the gallery of Achilles and Penthesella on the Plain of Troy, with Athena, Aphrodite and Eros
A Bronze-Brass Cannon With Iron Carriage Modelled on two Relief Dragon A Victorian, most decorative piece, of a bronze barrel on cast iron carriage with heavy disc wheels, gun carriage is in a nicely rendered form of two winged dragons; the barrel has a raised medallion depicting a mounted knight; a very hefty model weighing nearly 25 lbs.
A Byzantine (Eastern Roman) 6th - 11th Cent. A.D. This kind of axe is a typical axe for infantryman, similar and a somewhat similar correspondent to the type 1 of the classification made by the Kirpichnikov for the Russian axes. Particularly, it seems akin to the specimens of Goroditsche and Opanowitschi, dated in the turn of 10th - 11th centuries however, its shape is slightly different, and considering the strong influence of the Roman Armies on the Russian ones in 11th century, a local prototype used in the Balkan wars of Basil II (976-1025). The general Nikephoros Ouranos remembers in his Taktika (56, 4) that small axes were used at the waist of the selected archers of infantry : "…You must select proficient archers - the so called psiloi - four thousand. These men must have fifty arrows each in their quivers, two bows, small shields and extra bowstrings. Let them also have swords at the waist, or axes, or slings in their belts…". The axe was inserted in its wooden shaft and fixed to it by means of dilatation of the wood, dampened by water. The Byzantine Empire is the great Greek-language Christian empire that emerged after 395AD from the eastern part of the Roman Empire, Thanks to efficient government and clever diplomacy that divided its many enemies, the empire survived. Much diminished after 1204 AD when it was sacked by Christian Crusaders from the west en route to liberate Jerusalem, it finally fell to the Turks in 1453--indeed its fall is often used to date the end of the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, built on the site of the Greek colony of Byzantium and which is now known as Istanbul). The center of Orthodox Christianity, it is famous as well for its art and culture. The inhabitants of the empire referred to themselves as 'Romans' and considered themselves as such, the term 'Byzantine' not being used to describe the empire and its peoples until the seventeenth century, but after the seventh century the language of empire changed from Latin to Greek.
A Campaign Service South Arabia Bar & Territorial Efficency Medal Pair Unnamed. ERII issue in superb condition court mounted. South Arabia; This campaign is related to the Radfan Campaign, because both were Egyptian-inspired attempts to end the British presence in Aden and end the embryonic Federation of South Arabia.This 3 year long campaign saw numerous terrorist attacks on both civilian and military targets. In both Rafan and Aden, the British Army suffered 90 personnel killed and 510 wounded.The qualifying period was 30 days service in the Federation of South Arabia between 1 August 1964 and 30 November 1967.
A Captivating 600 Year Old Tachi With Tokugawa Mon & Elephant Kabuto-gane An absolutely beautiful, elegant, and slender blade from around 1380 to 1440 AD. The mounts are late Tokugawa Edo period, in superb condition, The koshirae are sentoku and the saya has applied menuki. The blade has a wonderful funbari and the whole piece is extremely appealing in both it's beauty and the blade's great age. The tokugawa ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them. The Dutch merchants, that had been based in Japan for some while, were not exempt from showing their loyalty towards the shogun. Their procession schedule was from once per year to once in 4 years. Then the whole Dutch community traveled from Nagasaki to Edo in full whistles and bells and with generous presents for the shogun. The Dutch were inventive and smart in keeping good relations with the Japanese rulers. They imported exotic animals like elephants or even camels as gifts for the shogun. It may be the elephant that was given to the shogun by the Dutch traders, that could have had some connection to decoration of this tachi, and thus it is depicted in it's kabuto-gane, as the non indigenous elephant is an animal that is very rarely displayed in samurai art at all. Overall length 36.5 inches, blade length tsuba to tip 25.25 inches.
A Cased Pair of Very Fine 19th Century 1840's Dueling Pistols Possibly made for Salles of Marseilles by G. Beuret et Fils, Liege. Excellent finest quality pistols such as these are typical examples made by Beuret and retailed by Salles, with lock left unnamed for Salles to add there company name if desired by the buyer. A simply stunning quality pair of French pattern duelling pistols of large calibre, with rifled Damascus twist octagonal barrels, with hooked breeches, with Liege proofs. The engraving is of the first division, with superb detailing of flowers and shells in great profusion and extravagance. The actions are crisp and as tight as a drum. Finest carved walnut stocks with microchequered grips and scalloped and flowered for end. All the steel has elements of original bluing and case hardening present. Fine percussion locks with set triggers, one with replaced hammer, in their original, fitted, oak case, with wooden barrel shaped mallet, a pair of rammer and cleaning rods with jag and percussion cap tin. Powder flask, turn screw and nipple key. As is usual with French style Dueling Pistols, they are far more extravagant than their English or Irish counterparts. The French taste displaying considerably more extravagance, and a more outward display of expense and quality, the English preference being for reserved simplicity. The original case woodwork is superb in finest oak, and in excellent condition, set with a very fine engraved escutcheon plate. While frequently forbidden by law, the tradition of dueling to resolve personal differences or restore honor was well established in both Europe and America of the 1800s. In the United States, dueling was a publicly declaimed, yet clandestinely observed activity that involved many Presidents, Senators and other statesmen or military officers. Not until 1883 did Congress pass a bill banning dueling within the District of Columbia. The arm of choice in Great Britain, France and America was the muzzle loading single-shot pistol, presented as identical pairs, and cased with a variety of specialized loading and cleaning accoutrements. Handcrafted for superb balance, these smoothbore pistols were made by some of the world’s finest gunsmiths. Seconds in a duel would prepare the firearms for the confrontation of the principals. The choice of a site depended on geography with many duels being fought on isolated sandbars or islands where maximum privacy was possible. A formal duel was a carefully choreographed affair, with a series of steps (the code duello) followed by the parties. In addition to the principals and seconds, a surgeon was also required to be in attendance. After the initial exchange of shots at ten paces without effect, both parties could elect to move closer or end the affair with honour upheld. A temporary exhibit in the galleries of the National Firearms Museum of America now offers visitors the rare opportunity to see the finest dueling pistols from many renowned British and Continental arms makers, with cased pairs just as these as part of the display. This cased set has been sent for lock servicing and to have a small crack in the lid restored. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Cast Iron Plaque of Graf Von Zeppelin Dated 1920. Russet finish overall. Approx 4 inches
A Celtic, Iron, Votive Axe Circa 50 b.c. to 50 a.d. Around 2000 years old. A good and rare ancient Celtic museum piece. Used as a small Axe, set within a wooden haft, and carried as a token of good luck, then, it would be cast into a sacred lake or river as a offering to the Gods. In a well preserved condition. 65mm x 76mm.
A Charming British Bronze - Age Socket and Loop Axe Head. This piece dates from circa 900-800 BC, and still has its original binding loop in place. Some scaling and wear can be seen to the cutting edge. See Moore, C.N. and Rowlands, M. Bronze Age Metalwork in Salisbury Museum. Found in Derbyshire in the 1960's. Bronze implements were cast in moulds of stone or clay, or bronze, and then finished by hammering. The craftspeople of this period achieved extremely fine results, comparable to the best of any period since; embossing or ornamenting their work with designs. Although bronze was used for weapons and cutting tools, it was a highly versatile product and was used for making everything from mirrors to statues. Generally considered to be an alloy of copper and tin, (roughly 90% and 10%, respectively;) the mixture to make bronze often varied and included other metals in the mix such as lead and silver. An early classification by W. Graham of alloys of copper and tin: 12 to 20 parts copper with 1 of tin yield red coloured alloys; 5 to 10 parts copper with one of tin yield alloys of strength; 2 to 4 parts copper with 1 of tin yield alloys of sound (bell-metal); half to 1 part copper with 1 of tin yield alloys of reflection (speculum metal). The alloys of strength here referred to include the bronze used for statues.
A Chinese Cloisonne Enamel and Gilt Bronze Dagger straight bladed dagger, this hilt and sheath are both gold washed brass with wire cloisons used to create the compartments, ranging in thickness from around .7mm to 4.5mm, with the larger wire sections. The designs are a mixture of scrollwork, of floral patterns, with elongated tendrils, on a sang de boeof enamel ground, white white, yellows and greens in the floral panels accompanied with small areas of cobalt blue. The floral sections call for special note, having been enameled in blue, transitioning to white, green to white, and small pinkish polychrome areas, with an effect achieved by mixing pink and other colour enamels within a single compartment, without using cloisons [dividers]. Overall length in the sheath is 15.5 inches, with a flared pommel on the grip. Blade [with a single fuller] of 9.75 inches long. Blade has some pitting near the tip.
A Circa.1755 English, British Officer's Take-Down Fusil/Carbine.65 Bore Circa 1755. This is a beautiful private purchase long gun from one of the most interesting eras of British history, the Seven Years War [including the Indian-French War in the Americas] and the War of Independence, from 1776. With superb walnut juglans regia stock, military style lock, a very fine and beautiful silver openwork side plate and a matching rococo silver escutcheon plate. It also has a delightful carved apron at the breech. It has a military form, take-down stock, with an easily removable for end specifically designed for military campaign service. The take-down system was an ingenious way for a long musket to be reduced for military service as a fusil, to carbine length, in order to be fitted into a campaign, wooden gun case. Officers in the 18th and 19th century would often travel for months, or even years at a time on campaign, and all their kit and equipment , including beds, chests, desks and even wardrobes, could be made in manageable removable sections, and reassembled for use [by the other ranks] in their tents or bivouacs on arrival at camp. A most fine, light musket, used from the Indian Wars in America right through to the Napoleonic Wars in the Peninsular and Waterloo, by an officer of means. From the restoration of Charles II to the English throne in 1660. “Field Shooting” became a popular sport among gentry. By the middle of the 18th century the “fowling piece” had developed into a most graceful, slender, and full stocked form. The sporting gun became the pattern for a new class of lightweight military arms. in April of 1769 sergeants of Grenadiers were ordered to carry fusils instead of halberds. When the light infantry companies were raised again as flank companies in 1770-1771 sergeants of light infantry were also ordered to carry fusils. like Officer's fusils, Sergeant's fusils like their superior officers were often privately purchased and will have the lock and barrel markings of private arms, not the ownership, proof, and inspection marks of British Ordnance. Officer's guns were always private purchase, and could be militarised using this take-down system, mostly though, only during the 18th century. In the 19th century guns were made shorter, in the carbine length, which negated the necessity of the take-down, although we have seen later guns from the 19th century with this adjustment. Take-down guns for officers of the 18th century are very rare to survive, and we are only able to find them around one or two a decade. O/L 48.5 inches As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Circular Edo Iron Tsuba of Two Sea Cucumbers. The Type of Musashi Fame. In negative sukashi. Early Edo period, 82mm x 76mm. One of the most collectable tsuba that are sought and desired by lovers of samurai history. This is the very form of tsuba, favoured by the most famous samurai of all, Miyamoto Musashi, and from his time period of the early Edo era. A most similar tsuba, also from the same era, was in the Randolph B. Caldwell collection of fine tsuba and fittings, and was sold in October 20th, 1994 for $5,400. The famed swordsman Miyamoto Musashi was born Shinmen Takezo in Harima Province and may have fought at Sekigahara under the Ukita as a common soldier. Although a samurai of war, In his brief biography in his book, he confines himself to his achievements in single combat. He claimed to have defeated his first opponent (a certain Arima Kihei) at the age of 13, following this up with a victory over " powerful martial artist called Akiyama of Tajima province." After 1600 Musashi drifted to Kyoto and became involved in a well-known battle with the Yoshioka School of swordsmanship, emerging victorious. He wrote that he engaged in sixty duels without suffering defeat once, and was noted in this regard for his skill at handling two swords simultanously. He was also remembered for employing a simple bamboo sword, which he used to deadly effect. In 1640 Musashi accepted service with the Hosokawa clan, and three years later, in Higo Province, began work on his great book, Gorin no shô (The Book of Five Rings). He finished this influential work on swordsmanship in May 1645 - the same year he died.
A Civil War Remington New Model Army Revolver .44 CF.Remington Conversion The Cartridge Conversions are a most important part of sixgun history spanning the time frame between percussion revolvers and the Colt Peacemaker the Colt Single Action Army, and the Remington Single Action Army the Russian and Schofield. This fact has also been discovered to some degree by the movie makers and is starting to show up in more and more movies. Original Cartridge Conversions remaining from the 1860's and 1870's show evidence of being well used giving further evidence to their importance. We may live in a throwaway world but those inhabitants of the last century did not. Why discard a perfectly good gun when it could be easily converted to fire the 'modern' ammunition? Thousands of men of the Wild West found themselves armed with perfectly good cap-n-ball sixguns when both Colt and Smith & Wesson brought forth their cartridge firing sixguns. Most of those first new cartirdge taking guns went to the military so it was a natural step for a cap-n-ball shooter to step over into cartridge firing territory by having his sixgun converted. A super pistol in fully working order with a converted percussion cylinder and a separate ring for the .44 Russian/Remington cartridges. Clear maker's address. This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation. Shown with an inert, antique .44 Russian round in the cylinder, for information only that round is not included
A Combat Weight 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officer's Broadsword Sword By Runkel Blade made and signed by Runkel of Solingen. A very good example of these most desirable of George IIIrd swords used by an officer in the heavy cavalry. However, this rare example has a substantial broadsword combat weight blade that is most impressive. The 'Boat Shell hilt' in very good order, with it's original multi wire bound grip [the wire is loosely tight], single fullered broadsword double. This is the pattern of sabre as was used by officer's of the Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords maker was Runkel, a famous and notorious gentleman of the 18th and 19th century as a supplyer of sword blades for British Officers. He was most interestingly, however, also infamous for being imprisoned in Newgate Prison, at least once, for evading import duty and other 'dubious' practices, probably bribery.
A Complete 19th Century Bushman's Hunting Set Of Bow, Arrows and Quiver A fabulous original antique set, worthy of the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford. Arrows complete with steel heads. A typical and complete high quality 19th century bushman's hunting bow set. The indigenous people of Southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, are variously referred to as Bushmen, San, Sho, Basarwa, Kung, or Khwe. The Bushmen are part of the Khoisan group. Though related to the traditionally pastoral Khoikhoi, they were traditionally hunter-gatherers. A set of tools almost identical to that used by the modern San Bushmen and dating to 44,000 BP was discovered at Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal in 2012. Historical evidence shows that certain Bushmen communities have always lived in the desert regions of the Kalahari. However, nearly all other Bushmen communities in southern Africa were eventually forced into this region.
A Complete Set Of WW1 German Soldier's Paperwork and His Gallantry Medal Including his Soldbuch and his Certificate of Award for the Iron Cross. A fascinating collection outlining a WW1 German soldier's military career. He was a trench warfare Mortar Grenade operator [the Granatenwerfer 16]. See photo in the gallery [for information only]. It would make a charming and fascinating gift as it is researchable to see where this soldier served, on which front and where his unit fought and when. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Composite, Experimental Prototype, FS Type Commando Knife. Early WW2 Having traded in the same location for 60 years or so our company has met some many hundreds of thousands of most remarkable people, and heard too many fantastic stories [or tales] to remember. Every week something new is learnt, or someone new is met. This week an aged lady, with a most fascinating story, let us acquire this most intriguing piece. Not valuable, or even that impressive in fact, but it's position in the development of modern edged weaponry is quite fascinating. This is or was a prototype close combat dagger came to us from the niece of a one time cutler and assistant knife designer [trained by the veteran Wilkinson swordsmith Tom Beesley] who was briefly working with Capt. Fairbairn [via Wilkinson Sword Co.] from the very early war period England. At the time that Fairbairn & Sykes were coming up with the concept of their FS commando knife, several forms and mock-ups were made, that eventually evolved into what was to become the FS Knife, 1st Pattern. The handle from this dagger was created and based from small cast brass Wilkinson court sword parts, with a square block and oval quillon. The blade, formed to create a strong, rigid short double edged blade, that has good stout piercing properties came from a long Wilkinson sword blade. No edge was ever put on this blade, but one can easily see how the FS knife may have evolved from this early war period prototype design. We are only distressed that we have no design schematics and paperwork, that were we were told were once in existence, to show how the knife was eventually designed. Sadly and woe alas all the paperwork was discarded some two decades after the war as seemingly insignificant. All that remains for posterity is this most intriguing dagger, that the assistant designer/cutler brought home as a souvenir during the war. Naturally it is certainly possible he ought not to have done so.
A Confederate Contract London Arms Co. Pocket Revolver In Case Gun number 7316. In oak case with three way, mould, nipple-key and turnscrew combination tool, plus powder flask. A most compact but good size calibre revolver. The London Armoury Company was a London arms manufactory that existed from 1856 until 1866. It was the major arms supplier to the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War. The company was founded on February 9, 1856, with its factory established on the former site of the South-Eastern Railway Company in the Bermondsey section of London. The principal shareholder was Robert Adams, inventor of the Adams revolver. Another important stockholder was Adams' cousin, James Kerr, who later invented the Kerrs Patent Revolver. Adams had had a falling-out with his former partners, the Deane brothers, and intended that the Armoury manufacture his popular revolver. However the company obtained a British government contract for infantry rifles and in 1859 the company's board of directors decided to expand rifle production, for which there was greater demand. Revolver production was decreased and Adams, disagreeing with the decision, sold his stock and left the company. Kerr then became the Armoury's dominant figure. Kerr, a former foreman at Deane Brothers, made improvements to the Enfield 1853 pattern rifled musket which the Armoury was manufacturing under contract. When Adams left the company he had taken his revolver patents with him, and Kerr therefore designed a new revolver in .36 and .44 (54 bore) caliber. Production of the new revolver began in April 1859, but the company was not able to obtain a contract for it from the British government and civilian sales were modest. However the following year the U.S. Civil War began and the governments of both the United States and the Confederacy began purchasing arms in Britain. In November 1861 buyers for the Union army purchased 16 Kerr revolvers for $18.00 apiece. Two years later Confederate arms buyers Major Caleb Huse and Captain James Bulloch contracted for all the rifles and revolvers the Armoury could produce. The British company Willoughbe, Willoughbe & Ponsonby played a prominent role in the blockade running of these shipments to the south. The Confederacy was now the London Armoury Company's principal client and it manufactured and shipped more than 70,000 rifles and about 7,000 revolvers (out of a total production run of about 10,000) to the South. However these weapons had to pass through the Union blockade and the number that actually reached the Confederate army is unknown. Confederates acclaimed the Armoury's guns as the best weapons made in Britain. The London Armoury Company was almost completely dependent on sales to the Confederacy and survived for only a year after the end of the war, dissolving in the Spring of 1866- however, most of the gunsmiths and staff of the London Armoury Company went on to form London Small Arms Co. Ltd in that same year. The case has been restored throughout, the tools and flask later replacements. The action is a little temperamental.
A Continental Duelling Pistol, Percussion Action & Rifled Barrel Fine walnut stock finely scroll and pattern inlaid barrel. Excellent action, steel mounts all finely engraved, circa 1840. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Robert Wogdon was the most celebrated of the manufacturers of pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. Wogdon began working as a gunmaker in London in 1765 and opened a shop in the fashionable Haymarket at the end of 1774. Atkinson estimates the number of lives claimed by Wogdon pistols in the "many hundreds," earning Wogdon the sobriquet of the "patron of that leaden death." One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber Wogdon pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Crimean War 'Balaklava' Imperial Russian Saw Back Sword. In well-used condition, with a worn russetted blade and the hilt re-seated, but this is a rare souvenir of the Russian guns at Balaklava. Russian maker's stamps still present at the ricasso. Original 'War Trophy' of the Crimean War, as used at the Charge of the Light Brigade by the Imperial Russian artillerymen. A Russian sawback short sword, manufactured in around 1834. A most interesting sword used by the Russian artillery, almost certainly brought back as a souvenir of the Crimean War. It was those very Russian artillery batteries that the British Light Cavalry regiment's charged in the world renown Charge of the Light Brigade, made so famous in Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem of the same name. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions".The Battle of Balaclava, fought on 25 October 1854 during the Crimean War, was part of the Anglo-French-Turkish campaign to capture the port and fortress of Sevastopol, Russia's principal naval base on the Black Sea. The engagement followed the earlier Allied victory in September at the Battle of the Alma, where the Russian General Menshikov had positioned his army in an attempt to stop the Allies progressing south towards their strategic goal. Alma was the first major encounter fought in the Crimea since the Allied landings at Kalamita Bay on 14 September, and was a clear battlefield success; but a tardy pursuit by the Allies failed to gain a decisive victory, allowing the Russians to regroup, recover and prepare their defence. The Allies decided against an immediate assault on Sevastopol and instead prepared for a protracted siege. The British, under the command of Lord Raglan, and the French, under Canrobert, positioned their troops to the south of the port on the Chersonese Peninsula: the French Army occupied Kamiesh on the west coast whilst the British moved to the southern port of Balaclava. However, this position committed the British to the defence of the right flank of the Allied siege operations, for which Raglan had insufficient troops. Taking advantage of this exposure, the Russian General Liprandi, with some 25,000 men, prepared to attack the defences in and around Balaclava, hoping to disrupt the supply chain between the British base and their siege lines. The battle began with a Russian artillery and infantry attack on the Ottoman redoubts that formed Balaclava's first line of defence. The Ottoman forces initially resisted the Russian assaults, but lacking support they were eventually forced to retreat. When the redoubts fell, the Russian cavalry moved to engage the second defensive line held by the Ottoman and the Scottish 93rd Highland Regiment in what came to be known as the 'Thin Red Line'. This line held and repulsed the attack; as did General Scarlett's British Heavy Brigade who charged and defeated the greater proportion of the cavalry advance, forcing the Russians onto the defensive. However, a final Allied cavalry charge, stemming from a misinterpreted order from Raglan, led to one of the most famous and ill-fated events in British military history – the Charge of the Light Brigade. Pleaes see our Admiral Buckle family swords.
A Czechoslovakian Bayonet, Mauser Model 1898/29. Believed to have been of Czech manufacture for Iran, and used in Abyssinia. With steel scabbard. As usual with no markings at all.
A Delightful 18th Century Flintlock Long Holster Pistol, Circa 1750 Octagonal long eared butt cap in brass, with a matching suite of brass furniture, including pear finial sideplate, tubular barrel pipes, and bevelled banana shaped lock plate. 9.6 inch barrel with silver crescent blade foresight. Fine walnut stock and good tight working action. Probably Prussian. Overall around 17 inches long.
A Delightful Edo Period Tsuba Of a Small Dog Chasing Butterflies On a migaki ji iron plate with pure gold and shakudo inlays. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other. 85mm X 78mm [27mm nakago ana]
A Delightful Long Antique Shinshinto Han Dachi Katana With shakudo mounts, an unusual carved iron tsuba and a blde with a good gunome hamon in original polish. This mount has unique style called han-dachi (or han-tachi) style, that is a half and half between tachi and katana. All the metal fittings are tachi style. But the designs on them are made as katana style. So this sword was used as katana style that wore the blade in the obi [the waist belt] with the cutting edge upward. All original Edo period fittings. Small lacquer losses to saya. This can be restored if required.
A Delightful Trench Art WW2 German Shell, Leicestershire Regt. Made by a Liecester Regt. Soldier from a WW2 German and his cap badge. With Egyptian coin representing the Dessert Rat's Africa Campaign against Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps. The Royal Leicestershire Regiment was raised in 1688, His Majesty's 17th Regiment of Foot, and saw action in the American War of Independence in 1777. The Regiment's nickname "The Tigers" was aquired in India between 1804 - 1823. During the Great War over 7,000 members of the regiment were lost. The Tigers saw action in Norway, Belgium, Italy, Greece and the Middle East with losses of over 1,500 men. A beautifual and large piece. Made during the Second World with the base of a war shell with it's 'G' date and Third Reich waffenamt stamp. An 88mm Shell used by the German anti aircraft and Tiger tank cannon. The Leicesters had a most distinguished service war history, fighting the Italians, Vichy French, Germans and later in the war some fought with the Chindit's fighting the Japanese. As it is a multi cigarette holder it was probably made for the officer's or sergeant's mess.
A Delightful Wild West Era Marlin No. 32 Standard 1875 Pocket Revolver. .32 Rinfire Revolver. John Mahlon Marlin was born on May 6, 1836 near Windsor Locks, Connecticut. At the age of 18, he became an apprentice machinist with the American Machine Works. He later served as a machinist with Colt Patent Firearms of Hartford. In 1863, during the Civil War he started his own pistol manufacturing business in New Haven, concentrating on production of a small single-shot Deringers. Marlin expanded his efforts to include revolver in 1870, after the expiration of Rollin White's cylinder patents. This type of pocket revolver made a great hideaway gun for a gambler. Side of the barrel marked "J.M. Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873" This is a .32 calibre five shot revolver that utilizes the rim fire metallic cartridge. It was manufactured circa 1875 to 1887. This is a nickel plated revolver with about 95% nickel remaining. The barrel swings upward to allow the cylinder to be removed for loading and unloading. A rammer pin located below the barrel is intended to assist in unloading spent cartridges. It has hard rubber grips with cross chequering anda star emblem, and they are in excellent shape. The gun is excellent working condition.
A Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei Serving Platter From the Graf Zeppelin The platter has the German Zeppelin Co. logo, of the Third Reich Zeppelin, flying across the globe, the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei. Manufactured by GEBRÜDER HEPP PFORZHEIM, in 90 grade. In March 1935, the South Atlantic flights became the responsibility of Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei, after this company had been set up jointly by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, the German Air Ministry and Deutsche Lufthansa. The DZR was created at the instigation of Air Minister Hermann Göring as a way to increase Nazi control over zeppelin operations, and can be see as part of the larger policy of Gleichschaltung, or coordination, which affected all aspects of German life in the years following Hitler’s assumption of power. Consistent with Nazi ideology, the airship was expected to be more than just a private commercial venture; it was to be a public symbol of the new German nation. In a speech marking the founding of the DZR, Göring commented: “I hope that the new ship will also fulfill its duty in furthering the cause of Germany… The airship does not have the exclusive purpose of flying across the Atlantic, but also has a responsibility to act as the nation’s representative.” The even larger airship, the LZ 129 'Hindenburg' joined the 'Graf Zeppelin' in 1936, and, in addition to South Atlantic flights with its parter, inaugurated a service over the North Atlantic, between Frankfurt and Lakehurst in New Jersey, in the summer. Also in 1936 the South American route was extended to Rio de Janeiro. Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei ceased operations as the commercial use of airships came to an abrupt end on 6 May 1937, when the 'Hindenburg' exploded at Lakehurst. This large silver tray is made of German silver plate, 90 grade, and was the product of the same silver company that made the the Third Reich military cutlery and other silver objects for the Third Reich hierarchy - Gbr. Hepp. His company alongside his rival, Wellner, was a maker of much of the Fuhrer's formal dinnerware, and the Reich chancellery dinnerware pieces. Many items by were used in several of Hitler's residences, the Hotel [Der Deutscher Hof] personally used by Hitler, and numerous state offices. the Zeppelin Corps became one of the shortest-lived German service branches of World War II. After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, the Luftwaffe ordered the last two Zeppelin airships moved to a large Zeppelin hangar in Frankfurt. In March of 1940, Goring ordered their destruction and the aluminum fed into the Nazi war industry. In May, a fire broke out in the Zeppelin facility which destroyed most of the remaining parts. The rest of the parts and materials were soon scrapped with almost no trace of the German "Giants of the Air" remaining by the end of the year. 49cm x 32.5cm
A Dyak's Mandau Headhunting Sword A Mandau of the Dayak people, of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Wooden sheath with upper and lower surfaces carved in relief with matching motif, bound with wonderfully woven reed wraps. The last photo in the gallery is a period photo of an indigenous Head Hunter, holding his 'prize', achieved with his Mandau.[Photo not included] This Mandau (sometimes also called “Parang Ihlang”) is the traditional sword of the Dyak tribes of Borneo. It was primarily associated with the Head Hunting tradition of the Dyaks. Carved wooden hilt, rattan bound scabbard. Traditional blade with convex obverse and concave reverse.The blade was apparently designed in such a way as the head could be decapitated more easily by a swinging arc while running. Likely late 19th century, and into the 20th century period.
A Early Antique Superb Bearded Axe. Extremely Effective Blade With good armourer's mark struck on blade face. Slightly bent blade. Triangular socket. Rehafted. Heavy stout blade of very good form. A most similar Battle Axe in the Staadtsmuseum in Munich is shown in the gallery. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity before the Industrial Revolution and extremely costly to make.
A Early WW2, Pre FS Knife Manufacture, Close Combat 'Commando' Knife A private purchase 'Commando' knife used by a commando officer from 1940, serving under Major Ronnie Todd, once the 11th Independent Company commando section was formed, but before the FS Knife bacame the issued knife in January 1941. In June Major Tod was tasked with raising No. 11 Independent Company. As commander of this company, he led them on two "commando" raids shortly afterwards, one to Boulogne in France known as Operation Collar, and Operation Ambassador, which was a raid on the German occupied Guernsey. These were the first two such raids carried out by British commandos during the war. Just before the second of these raids he was confirmed as a temporary major on 2 July 1940. There were seven Commando missions carried out on the Channel Islands. Operation Ambassador was the first and largest of these, employing 140 men from No. 3 Commando and No. 11 Independent Company in a night raid on 14 July 1940. The British Commandos were a formation of the British Armed Forces organized for special service in June 1940. After the events leading to the Dunkirk evacuation, Winston Churchill, Britain's prime minister, called for a force to be assembled and equipped to inflict casualties on the Germans and bolster British morale. Churchill told the joint chiefs of staff to propose measures for an offensive against German-occupied Europe, and stated: "they must be prepared with specially trained troops of the hunter class who can develop a reign of terror down the enemy coast." One staff officer, Lieutenant Colonel Dudley Clarke, had already submitted such a proposal to General Sir John Dill, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Dill, aware of Churchill's intentions, approved Clarke's proposal and on 23 June 1940, the first Commando raid took place. The request for volunteers for special service was initially restricted to serving army soldiers within certain formations still in Britain, and from men of the disbanding divisional Independent Companies originally raised from Territorial Army divisions who had served in Norway. By the autumn of 1940 more than 2,000 men had volunteered and in November 1940 these new units were organised into a Special Service Brigade consisting of four battalions under the command of Brigadier J. C. Haydon.The Special Service Brigade was quickly expanded to 12 units which became known as Commandos. Each Commando had a lieutenant colonel as the commanding officer and numbered around 450 men (divided into 75 man troops that were further divided into 15 man sections). Technically these men were only on secondment to the Commandos; they retained their own regimental cap badges and remained on the regimental roll for pay. The Commando force came under the operational control of the Combined Operations Headquarters. The man initially selected as the commander of Combined Operations was Admiral Roger Keyes, a veteran of the Gallipoli Campaign and the Zeebrugge Raid in the First World War. Keyes resigned in October 1941 and was replaced by Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten. Major General Robert Laycock was the last Commander of Combined Operations; he took over from Mountbatten in October 1943..Taylors Eye Witness has been making knives for over 150 years in its Sheffield factory. Taylors Eye Witness was founded by John Taylor in the early years of the 19th Century. "Eye Witness" Trade mark was first registered in 1838 and has since become synonymous with the finest cutlery. The inspiration for the choice of "Eye Witness" as a trade mark is believed to be Shakespeare's line in Henry 1V - "No eye hath seen better". 28.5 cm long overall
A East Riding Rgt. Cavalry Sword, With Lawrence of Arabia Interest. British Army 1899 Pattern Cavalry regimental combat sword Made at Enfield and with ordnance issue date March 1910. A great and impressive steel bowl guard cavalry sword, used by one of the great WW1 'pals' regiments of East Yorkshire, and part of this cavalry regiment served in one of the most famous areas of the Great War, in Arabia, under the direct command of T.E.Lawrence, in 1916. Sword marked East Riding Regt. The story of the Lawrence connection is as follows; In 1916 the Regiment was part of the Western Frontier Force, a fairly uninteresting posting , causing NCOs and men to join the newly formed Imperial Camel Corps and 120 officers and men to be detached for service under T. E. Lawrence. The general story of this wonderful regiment is as detailed; The East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry was a unit of the British Army from 1794–1956. The regiment was formed as volunteer cavalry in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars. During World War I A second and third regiment were raised and designated 2/1st and 3/1st East Riding Yeomanry. The 2/1st converted to a Cyclist Battalion in 1916. The 3/1st was raised in 1915, The 1/1st moved north in November 1914 as Divisional Cavalry for the Northumbrian Division. On May 20, the Regiment formed part of a parade of some 40,000 men before H.M. The King and Lord Kitchener. The Regiment was then ordered south to Filey and then to East Anglia, to form part of the 1/1st North Midland Mounted Brigade. In October 1915 they set sail for Alexandria. In 1916, the Regiment was part of the Western Frontier Force, and a number of NCOs and men joined the newly formed Imperial Camel Corps and 120 officers and men to be detached for service under T. E. Lawrence. In December 1916, the 22nd Mounted Brigade moved to the Suez Canal Zone to form part of the ANZAC Mounted Division. The Regiment first saw action during the First Battle of Gaza, a hard engagement for both the men and the horses, and in the Second Gaza Battle it was posted to the far right flank. In General Allenby's reorganisation 22nd Mounted Brigade transferred to the Yeomanry Mounted Division. In October 1917, the Regiment took part in the third battle of Gaza, and on the 13th November at El Mughar, supported a charge by 6th Mounted Brigade. A Squadron led 22nd Mounted Brigade, having captured their objective they pressed on to Akir and established a position on the far side of the village square, however they had to withdraw as they were unsupported by the rest of the Brigade. Sadly it transpired that the village was the location of a Turkish Corps Headquarters, and had the success of the attack been exploited then a major dislocation of the enemy lines could have resulted. El Mughar was the last great cavalry charge of the British Army. In December 1917, with the exception of the machine gun section the Regiment was dismounted and sent to France. Together with the Lincolnshire Yeomanry, it formed 102 Bn, Machine Gun Corps (Mobile). The Battalion saw action several times in the closing months of the war in the area around Cambrai supporting attacks by the 49th (West Riding) Division, 51st (Highland) Division and 56th (London) Infantry Divisions. Between the Wars The East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry was one of the first cavalry regiments to be mechanised. It was one of the 8 Yeomanry Regiments that chose to reduce to squadron strength to form Armoured Car Companies in the Royal Tank Corps. The 26th (ER Yorks Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company Royal Tank Corps was initially equipped with Peerless armoured cars later to be followed by a mixture of Crossleys and Rolls Royces. In 1938, another reorganisation resulted in further change, the Regiment was reconstituted as The East Riding Yeomanry a Divisional Cavalry Regiment (Mechanised) equipped with 28 light tanks, 44 carriers and 41 motorcycles, and in 1939 a duplicate 2nd line regiment was raised. The regiment's World War II story. In March 1940, after training at Tidworth, the 1st Regiment joined the BEF in France as part of 1st Armoured Reconnaissance Brigade, initially the Corps Cavalry to 3 Corps. However, in May the Regiment passed under the command of 48th (South Midland) Division, 44th (Home Counties) Division, Macforce, and finally back to 48th (South Midland) Division. The Regiment was first involved in fighting near Ath, south of Brussels, and then over the next fortnight fought seven rearguard actions before being finally surrounded at Cassel on the night of 29/30 May in the company of 145th Brigade. As rearguard to the Brigade’s breakout, the F echelon was fatally exposed. The remnants of 1 ERY (7 officers and 230 men) returned to Tidworth, where the Regiment was brought up to strength by drafts from the 2nd Regiment, prior to moving onto Bovington to rejoin 1st Armoured Reconnaissance Brigade. What was left of 2 ERY formed 10th (East Riding Yeomanry) Bn Green Howards, which later converted to become the 12th (Yorkshire) Bn Parachute Regiment. They next deployed to Essex for anti-invasion duties, where it was equipped with Beavettes. When new material became available in Spring 1942, the Regiment reequipped with Covenanter tanks and Honeys, and formed 27th Armoured Brigade, together with the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards (replaced by the Staffordshire Yeomanry, in January 1944) and the 13th/18th Royal Hussars. In April 1943, the Regiment again reequipped, this time with Sherman Duplex Drive tanks. The training all came to fruition on June 6, 1944, when the Regiment landed on D Day supporting 9th Infantry Brigade in 3rd Division, and for the following fifty days they took part in the bridgehead battles. During this period they also supported 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division. Because of casualties, 27th Armoured Brigade was broken up on the July 29, and on August 16 the Regiment joined 33rd Armoured Brigade, taking over the petrol MK1 & II Shermans of 148 Regt RAC. The Regiment was now attached to 51st (Highland) Division, for the final Falaise Pocket Battles, the advance to the River Seine, its crossing and the taking of St Valery-en-Caux; after which the Regiment transferred to 49th (West Riding) Division for the Battle of Le Havre. In October, the Regiment supported 53rd (Welsh) Division, in Holland fighting around 's-Hertogenbosch and the later crossing of the Maas. However, during the winter of 1944, it was hurried away to reinforce the pressure being put on the German "Bulge", and then in January returned to 79th Armoured Division, and re-equipped with Buffalo, to carry the troops of 15th (Scottish) Division, on the assault crossing of the Rhine March 15. For the last weeks of the war, the Regiment reconverted to Shermans, coming under the command of the Canadian Army clearing Holland. After the war the Regiment was stationed at Laboe (Kiel Estuary) until being placed in ‘suspended animation’ on the March 7, 1946. Brigadier Carver (later Field Marshal Lord Carver) considered The East Riding Yeomanry to be one of the best, if not the best, armoured regiment that he had come across. This is a troopers battle sword in every sense of the word, and with it's regimental markings it comes with it's own built-in provenence. It also has various ordnance inspection and issue marks and has obvious signs of combat use, but the blade is superb. This is truly a iconic example of a Great British Army cavalry trooper's sword, from of one of the great North of England volunteer regiments. It was to be replaced by the 1908/12 pattern sword, but, Yeomanry cavalry received the new pattern last of all, as the transition of sword replacement took, in some cases, many years, some not until after the war. Like so many other British Army regiments, a regiment that goes down in the annals of military history as deserving the greatest honour and respect, a force of men bathed in stories of nobility, heroism, glory, valour and self sacrifice.
A Eli Whitney Conversion Cartridge Revolver of the American Civil War Good action, originally percussion but converted to 32 cal rimfire cartridge. A very sound solid frame revolver it was a very good competitor to Colt's pocket revolver, but with a more stable solid frame, similar to Remington's revolver frame. This pistol was converted at the tail end of the war to take the more modern cartridge, which made it a useful contender to the post war Wild West market, of the late 60's and 70s. Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States (regardless of whether Whitney intended that or not). Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed continental army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825. Eli Whitney, Jr., son of the inventor of the cotton gin, was born in New Haven, CT, where he attended the public schools and was fitted for college. Entering Princeton he was graduated in the class of 1841. The following year he took his father's business, for the manufacture of arms for the United States government. As Eli Whitney introduced mass production techniques, Whitney firearms were among the first products so made. In 1856 he ceased this branch of his manufacturing business, but resumed it again at the breaking out of the civil war in 1861, and continued it until 1866. The Whitney Arms Company had manufactured thousands of muskets, rifles and revolvers of the most improved models. The company also made many thousands of military arms for foreign governments, including muzzle-loading, breech-loading, magazine and repeating rifles. Mr. Whitney has been a member of both branches of the New Haven city government and a member of the board of public works. He was appointed one of the commissioners of the English exposition of 1862. He constructed from 1859 to 1861 the New Haven Water Works, and much of the work was done on his own credit, though built on contract for the New Haven Water Company, which organization he created. He made many improvements in fire arms of all sorts and patented them, and had made improvements in machinery for making arms. He was on the Republican electoral ticket in Connecticut as presidential elector at large in the November election of 1892; resided 29 Elm St., New Haven, CT. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fabulous 16/17th C Indian Shishpar or Gorz Flanged Mace With Khandar Hilt Also known as Gorz. With hollow haft and pointed spike finial, 16th to 17th century all steel. Eight flanged head. With the Hindu style khandar hilt. Probably from Rajasthan. Despite successive waves of Muslim conquest, Rajasthan remained predominately Hindu. It was divided into a number of small states centred around fortified cities such as Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur, all of which had their own armouries that a few of these survive within today. The Gorz is a weapon often mentioned and variously described in Iranian myths and epic. In classical Persian texts, particularly in Ferdowsi’s Šha-nama , it is characterized as the decisive weapon of choice in fateful battles, and to kill the dragon of Kašafrud; by Gev, in the expedition to Mazandaran. In Indian mythology, Indra owns a club/mace (vajra-) called the Thunderbolt of Indra and made of the bones of Risi Dadici, a sacred figure in the Vedic literature. It has been also referred to by many other names and descriptions, including sky-borne, splitter, destructive
A Fabulous 16th Century Italian Halberd, Probably Venetian Circa 1590 Diamond pattern central blade of 13 inches, issuing from a looped openwork basal collar bearing detailed 5 mask faces [one missing]. Crescent axe blade with rear fluke and pierced designs on a pole haft with long, rivetted strap supports and braces. The halberd was inexpensive to produce and very versatile in battle. A halberd (also called halbard, halbert or Swiss voulge) is a two-handed pole weapon that came to prominent use during the 14th and 15th centuries. The word halberd may come from the German words halm (staff), and barte (axe). In modern-day German, the weapon is called a Hellebarde. The halberd consists of an axe blade topped with a spike mounted on a long shaft. It always has a hook or thorn on the back side of the axe blade for grappling mounted combatants. It is very similar to certain forms of the voulge in design and usage. The halberd was 1.5 to 1.8 metres (5 to 6 feet) long. As the halberd was eventually refined, its point was more fully developed to allow it to better deal with spears and pikes (also able to push back approaching horsemen), as was the hook opposite the axe head, which could be used to pull horsemen to the ground. Additionally, halberds were reinforced with metal rims over the shaft, thus making effective weapons for blocking other weapons such as swords. This capability increased its effectiveness in battle, and expert halberdiers were as deadly as any other weapon masters. A Swiss peasant used a halberd to kill Charles the Bold, the Duke of Burgundy—decisively ending the Burgundian Wars, literally in a single stroke. Researchers suspect that a halberd or a bill sliced through the back of King Richard III's skull at the battle of Bosworth. The halberd was the primary weapon of the early Swiss armies in the 14th and early 15th centuries. Later, the Swiss added the pike to better repel knightly attacks and roll over enemy infantry formations, with the halberd, hand-and-a-half sword, or the dagger known as the Schweizerdolch used for closer combat. The German Landsknechte, who imitated Swiss warfare methods, also used the pike, supplemented by the halberd—but their side arm of choice was a short sword called the Katzbalger. As long as pikemen fought other pikemen, the halberd remained a useful supplemental weapon for push of pike, but when their position became more defensive, to protect the slow-loading arquebusiers and matchlock musketeers from sudden attacks by cavalry, the percentage of halberdiers in the pike units steadily decreased. The halberd all but disappeared as a rank-and-file weapon in these formations by the middle of the sixteenth century. The halberd has been used as a court bodyguard weapon for centuries, and is still the ceremonial weapon of the Swiss Guard in the Vatican. The halberd was one of the polearms sometimes carried by lower-ranking officers in European infantry units in the 16th through 18th centuries. In the British army, sergeants continued to carry halberds until 1793, when they were replaced by pikes with cross bars. The 18th century halberd had, however, become simply a symbol of rank with no sharpened edge and insufficient strength to use as a weapon. It did, however, ensure that infantrymen drawn up in ranks stood correctly aligned with each other. Head 28.25 inches, total on haft 81.5 inches [Haft would need to be 'temporarily' halved for export]
A Fabulous 17th to 18th Century Indo Persian Moghul Tulwar Battle Sword A Moghul, Islamic sword. With a very good steel blade with an armourer's mark. All steel hilt with single bar guard, lined cap pommel. Strong and powerful blade of substance. Circa 1650. Emperor Aurangzeb [or Muhiuddin Mohammed] was the last significant Mughal emperor. His reign lasted from 1658 to 1707. During this phase, the empire had reached its largest geographical expansion. Nevertheless it was during this time period that the first sign of decline of the great Moghul Empire was noticed. The reasons were many. The bureaucracy became corrupted and the army implemented outdated tactics and obsolete weaponry. The Moghul Empire was descended from Turko-Mongol, Rajput and Persian origins. It reigned a significant part of the subcontinent of Asia from the initial part of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century. When it was at the peak of its power, around the 18th century, it controlled a major part of the Asian subcontinent and portions of the current Afghanistan. To understand it's wealth and influence, in 1600 the Emperor Akbar had revenues from his empire of £17.5 million pounds, and 200 years later, in 1800, the exchequer of the entire British Empire had revenues of just £16 million pounds.
A Fabulous 1929 Original Movie Poster. Hollywood Production Swedish Poster In superb condition, a stunning example of fabulous 1920's Art Deco Hollywood artistry. The Lost Zeppelin [Den Forsvunna Zeppelinaren] Tiffany-Stahl Productions (Los Ángeles) This film, like Capra's Dirigible, is also loosely based on the crash of the airship Italia, flown by Umberto Nobile, around May 25, 1928 near the North Pole, and the international rescue effort that cost early polar explorer Roald Amundson his life. The pilot who rescued Nobile also crashed when returning to rescue more survivors and had to be rescued himself. Starring; Conway Tearle as Commander Donald Hall Virginia Valli as Miriam Hall Ricardo Cortez as Tom Armstrong Duke Martin as Lieutenant Wallace Kathryn McGuire as Nancy Winter Hall as Mr. Wilson Richard Cramer as Radio Announcer (voice) Ervin Nyiregyhazi as Pianist (uncredited) William H. O'Brien as Radio Operator (uncredited). Poster sold unframed. [Reflections are due to temporary frame] 29 x 42 inches
A Fabulous 500 Year Old Bladed Japanese Officer's Sword With a now re-polished blade that shows a remarkably beautiful hamon. The whole sword is now simply a 5 star plus example. All the traditional mounts are very good indeed, it's leather covered combat saya is superb and the blade is simply wonderful. If one wanted an ancient samurai sword that has been used contantly for around 500 years in combat, right up to the end of the war in 1945, you would have to go a very long way to find better. Collectors frequently seek Shin Gunto swords that have an original handed down 'Ancestral' blade, as it is said less than one in a hundred Japanese swords, surrendered in WW2, were swords with handed down early, traditional blades. That form of sword was often the prerogative of an eldest born son, who went to fight for his Emperor [during WW2 ], with his ancestor's blade set in traditional, military mounts.
A Fabulous 560 year Old Koto Period Dragon Katana With Stunning Hamon Circa 1450, Muramachi era. The mounts are a full suite of dragon fittings. The blade is stupendous with an incredibly vivid and convoluted hamon. With full length hi on both sides. Original Edo period ribbed lacquer saya with silver kurigata decorated with crashing waves. The fushi is iron with a dragon around it's perimeter, two dragon menuki and a very fine pure gold decorated iron tsuba with carved dragon. A sword of the period of the Onin War. By July 1467 the fighting had become serious, and this was when the Onin War is said to have started. By September, Kyoto's northern parts were in ruins, and everyone who could flee from Kyoto did so. Both Yamana Sozen and Hosokawa Katsumoto died in 1473, and even then, the war continued on, neither side figuring out how to end the war. However, eventually the Yamana clan lost heart as the label of "rebel" was at last having some effect. Ouchi Masahiro, one of the Yamana generals, eventually burnt down his section of Kyoto and left the area. By 1477, ten years after the fighting had begun, Kyoto was nothing more than a place for mobs to loot and move in to take what was left. Neither the Yamana clan nor the Hosokawa clan had achieved its aims, other than to whittle down the numbers of the opposing clan. During this whole ordeal, the shogun was not instrumental in alleviating the situation. While Kyoto was burning, Ashikaga Yoshimasa spent his time in poetry readings and other cultural activities, and in planning Ginkaku-ji, a Silver Pavilion to rival Kinkaku-ji, the Golden Pavilion that his grandfather, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, had built. The Onin War, and the shogun’s complacent attitude towards it, "sanctioned" private wars and skirmishes between the other daimyo. No part of Japan escaped the violence. Although the battles in Kyoto had been abandoned, the war had spread to the rest of Japan. In Yamashiro Province, the Hatakeyama clan had split into two parts that fought each other to a standstill. This stalemate was to have serious consequences. In 1485, the peasantry and ji-samurai (lesser samurai - mostly armed peasants) had had enough, and revolted. Setting up their own army (the 'Ikki'), they forced the clan armies to leave the province. The Ikki became a powerful force, much more than simply an armed mob. By 1486 they had even set up a provisional government for Yamashiro province. The Ikki would form and appear throughout other parts of Japan, such as Kaga Province, where a sect of the Jodo Shinshu Buddhists, the Ikko, started their own revolt during the Onin War after being enlisted by one of Kaga's most prominent warlords, Togashi Masachika. The Ikko, who had a complex relationship with the Jodo Shinshu leader Rennyo, appealed to the common peasants in their region, and inevitably formed the Ikko-ikki. By 1488 the Ikko-ikki of Kaga Province expelled Masachika and the other warlords, and took control of the province. After this they began building a fortified castle-cathedral along the Yodo River and used it as their headquarters. The Ikko-ikki and the Yamashiro-ikki were revolutionary, in a process called gekokujo ("the low oppress the high").
A Fabulous and Extremely Scarce, Original, WW2 German Nebelwerfer 41 Rocket This is one of the very first ones we have seen in over 30 years. From a superb collection of German ordnance that has just arrived. This is our last Nebelwerfer Rocket from this collection. Nicknamed by the allies the 'Moaning Mini' due to it's unearthly scream as it flew. An original unfired example, and a simply remarkable piece of history, from the early German Third Reich's rocket technology, and part of a superb Third Reich collection we have been thrilled to acquire. Beautifully waffen amt marked and with original paint decoration. The Nebelwerfer ("Smoke Mortar") was a World War II German series of weapons. They were initially developed by and assigned to the Wehrmacht's so-called "chemical troops" (Nebeltruppen). This weapon was given its name as a disinformation strategy designed to lead spies into thinking that it was merely a device for creating a smoke screen. They were primarily intended to deliver poison gas and smoke shells, although a high-explosive shell was developed for the Nebelwerfers from the beginning. Initially, two different mortars were fielded before they were replaced by a variety of rocket launchers ranging in size from 15 to 32 centimetres (5.9 to 12.6 in). The thin walls of the rockets had the great advantage of allowing much larger quantities of gases, fluids or high-explosives to be delivered than artillery or even mortar shells of the same weight. With the exception of the Balkans Campaign, Nebelwerfers were used in every campaign of the German Army during World War II. A version of the 21 cm calibre system was even adapted for air-to-air use against Allied bombers. The name was also used to fool observers from the League of Nations, who were observing any possible infraction of the Treaty of Versailles, from discovering that the weapon could be used for explosive and toxic chemical payloads as well as the smoke rounds that the name Nebelwerfer suggested. Rocket development had begun during the 1920s and reached fruition in the late thirties. This offered the opportunity for the Nebeltruppen to deliver large quantities of poison gas or smoke simultaneously. The first weapon to be delivered to the troops was the 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41 in 1940, after the Battle of France, a purpose-designed rocket with gas, smoke and high-explosive warheads. It, like virtually all German rocket designs, was spin-stabilized to increase accuracy. One very unusual feature was that the rocket motor was in the front, the exhaust venturi being about two-thirds down the body from the nose, with the intent to optimize the blast effect of the rocket as the warhead would still be above the ground when it detonated. This proved to greatly complicate manufacture for not much extra effect and it was not copied on later rocket designs. It was fired from a six-tube launcher mounted on a towed carriage adapted from that used by the 3.7 cm PaK 36 and had a range of 6,900 metres (7,500 yd). Rocket-projector troops are employed as battalion and regimental units, in keeping with their task of destroying hostile forces by concentrated fire. One of the advantages of the Nebelwerfer 41 is that it can mass its projectiles on a very small target area. By means of a shrewd disposition of the batteries, a carefully planned communication system, and a large number of observation posts with advanced observers, the infantry can assure for itself manoeuvrability and a concentration of its fire power upon the most important points. Projectors are placed well toward the front—almost without exception, at points forward of the artillery—so that they will be able to eliminate hostile command posts, destroy hostile positions, and even repulse sudden attacks effectively. The firing positions of the projectors are always carefully built up so that the weapons can give strong support to the infantry. In Russia, during the winter of 1942-43, many breakthrough attempts by hostile forces were repulsed by direct fire from rocket-projector batteries. The projectile itself resembles a small torpedo—without propeller or tail fins. The base is flat, with slightly rounded edges. The rocket jets are located about one-third of the way up the projectile from the base, and encircle the casing. The jets are at an angle with the axis of the projectile so as to impart rotation in flight, in "turbine" fashion. The following note on the operation of the Nebelwerfer 41 is reproduced from the original WW2 German Army periodical Die Wehrmacht. The Nebelwerfer 41, or Do-Gerät, is unlimbered and placed in position by its crew of four men. As soon as the protective coverings have been removed, the projector is ready to be aimed and loaded. The ammunition is attached to the right and to the left of the projector, within easy reach, and the shells are introduced two at a time, beginning with the lower barrels and continuing upward. Meanwhile, foxholes deep enough to conceal a man in standing position have been dug about 10 to 15 yards to the side and rear of the projector. The gunners remain in these foxholes while the weapon is being fired by electrical ignition. Within 10 seconds a battery can fire 36 projectiles. These make a droning pipe-organ sound as they leave the barrels, and, while in flight, leave a trail of smoke. After a salvo has been fired, the crew quickly returns to its projectors and reloads them. Inert and safe, no restrictions to ownership, but only for sale to over 18's and not suitable to export. Copy and paste for original film of Nebelwefer in use; www.youtube.com/watch?v=loNLz1_Zf1c
A Fabulous and Fine Original Imperial Russian Poster Of A Zeppelin 1914 Lithograph printed in Moscow. It shows an attack by bi-planes and the destruction of the airship. One of the most artistically merit worthy posters of it's type we have ever seen, and likely ever created. It's execution shows incredible flair and skill and it's interpretation of the scene of aeronautical destruction and close combat is incredible. This would truly be the centrepiece of any display whether of a military nature or not. Simply stunning. 16 inches x 23 inches
A Fabulous and Rare, High Rank Samurai, Edo Period Horse Pack Saddle The whole frame is beautifully decorated with crushed abilone shell and the arch mounts engraved with family Clan crest or Mon. To be fully lacquered, finely embelished, and bearing the clan mon, the conclusion is fair that it is a high ranking piece, for the transport of weapons, armour boxes or even women, in the baggage train of a Daimyo. They amy also have been used for the transport of the women or weaponry of a senior ranking Samurai. This is a spectacular piece and they are very rarely seen, and the few that have survived over the centuries are more usually the fairly crude utility examples, completely undecorated and very plain. Over the decades we have had early Japanese woodblock prints showing a procession of horses, in a Daimyo's or Shogun's entourage, some occasionally show a pack saddle exactly such as this, with it's distinctive high crested top. They were usually racked with tanegashima [arquebuss guns] or even polearms. Also, in one early print three women are seated on one example. They may have been attendant's for a Daimyo's consort.
A Fabulous Anglo-Indian Cavalry Officer's Sabre by Robert Mole This is a singularly fine quality example, with a maker's panel etched into the blade, by Robert Mole of Sheffield. And the makers mark struck at the forte. It also bears an ordnance inspection mark on the scabbard. Steel hilt with fishskin bound grip. A large sweeping blade based on the 1796 Light Dragoon pattern, steel mounted hard leather scabbard with the 1885 pattern double ring throat mount. A three bar hilted sabre in the 1821 pattern style that was commissioned for the Anglo-Indian cavalry in the 1890's and used into WW1. Many were made for the Sudan campaign, with contracts awarded to Thurkle, Wilkinson and Mole. This is the same type as used by the Bengal Lancers [and others] in the cavalry charge at Neuve Chappelles, WW1. This is without question one of the best we have seen, and of far superior quality than often more usually appear. This sword's blade has had the regimental armourer's pre battle sharpening to the edge and forte by the scabbard throat. The last picture in the gallery is of a most similar sword, that now resides in the National Army Museum collection. It is a Cavalry Officer's sword belonging to Lieutenant (later Brigadier-General) John Burnard Edwards, 2nd Central Indian Horse, 1881. Made by Edward Thurkle. The blade of this sword is also of the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry sword, and has an extremely sharp, slashing edge. The weapon also it's 1821 Pattern three bar guard and a wooden scabbard covered in leather, but note, his sword has the pre 1885 non-ringed throat mount, our sword has the 1885 ringed throat mount that was added to the swords and the blade adapted to fit the slightly smaller throat opening of the ringed mount.
A Fabulous Chisa Katana by a Highly Rated Master Smith, Hirotaka This is a delightful sword that would make a superb addition, or indeed start to any fine collection of antique weaponry. It has a delightful Japanese elegance in it's quiet simplicity. It's overall condition is superb and would compliment any elegant décor or surroundings, from simple to extravagent, in the boardroom, a gentleman's study, or a drawing room of any residence of style. Signed blade by Hoki no kami Fujiwara Hirotaka A highly rated early Shinto master smith Hoki no Kami Fujiwara Hirotaka was working in 1655 at Echizen province. He was very skillful swordsmith most highly rated, and was making his swords like this one in the Kanemoto style. Hirotaka was part of the so-called Echizen Shimohara Ha. Circa 1655, His working date, according to Fujishiro is Meireki period (1655-57) and he rates Hirotaka blades as wazamono for their incredible sharpness and Chujosaku. Fujishiro states first he had the title of Hoki (no) Daijo and Hoki (no) Kami as in this example. He continues to state his work is similar to that of Harima Daijo Shigetaka and that these smiths co-operated in gassaku work. The blade is in around 90 to 95% original Edo polish, and very nice indeed with just a few surface marks. All the fittings are original Edo era, and are decorated with sea shell designs, and the o-sukashi Higo tsuba is Koto period, circa 1500. The chisa katana was able to be used with one or two hands like a katana (with a small gap in between the hands) and especially made for double sword combat [a sword in each hand]. It was the weapon of preference worn by the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo [Samurai war lord clan chief], as very often the Daimyo would be often likely within his castle than without. The chisa katana sword was far more effective as a defense against any threat to the Daimyo's life by assassins [or the so-called Ninja] when hand to hand sword combat was within the Castle structure, due to the restrictions of their uniform low ceiling height. But in trained hands this sword would have been a formidable weapon in close combat conditions, when the assassins were at their most dangerous. The hilt was usually around ten to eleven inches in length, but could be from eight inches or up to twelve inches depending on the Samurai's preference. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. A blade of this quality reflects the status of the lord or prince who's life it defended. Overall 35 inches long, blade tsuba to tip 22.25 inches, tsuka 9.5 inches long.
A Fabulous Early 18th Century Cannon Barrel Royal Naval Blunderbuss GR Crown lock in excellent working order. Finest English walnut stock with magnificent patina, original sea service land pattern furniture with nailed butt plate. Overall this gun has a fabulous aged patina that is truly exceptional and only ever seen with two hundred years of hand polishing. Good early barrel in four stages in brass with early proofs. A Fine large sized ordnance Blunderbuss circa 1730 of great quality and presence. Distinctive and traditional flared cannon shaped muzzle, with 1690 pattern proof stamps, at the barrel breech, and this flintlock blunderbuss has a maker marked lock. Over all, this gun is in very good condition indeed. Although this weapon was designed for dramatic function and effect this example has a beautifully elegant feel to it, and it is a delightful example, deserving of much praise, and would make a fine compliment to any collection of fine old English weaponry. It's 1690 proof mark is of King William IIIrd. He was the British King who was victorious at the Battle of The Boyne in Ireland, the most famous battle between King William and the previous British King, King James, his uncle. William's army of English and Dutch were against the French and Irish forces supporting the deposed King James Iind. King James was not actually present at the engagement, as opposed to King William who led his men personally into battle, despite being a man of slight build and a severe asthmatic. King William the IIIrd was the grandson of Executed King Charles the Ist and married to King James Iind's daughter Mary, James was his uncle and third son of Charles Ist. Ironically William [a Protestant King] fought James [a Catholic King] with the support of the Pope, as they were both part of the Grand Alliance [The league of Augsburg] which was determined to defend the Palatinate from France [James's ally]. The barrel also bears the personal proof of Richard Wilson a supplier to the ordnance and a famous master smith of the early 18th century. Over the decades we have had his mark on several fine pistols and blunderbusses, including arms of the Jacobite Rebellion, The furniture is of the earliest military and navy Land Pattern type used from the 1720's. The history that this gun has seen can only be marvelled at, and for it's working life it was used at sea in the Navy for up to 140 years. 16.4 inch barrel 32.5 inches long overall. Slight swell opening at stock by lock edge.
A Fabulous German 'Imperial & Weimar' Period Battle Flag, Freikorps Parade. On it's original detachable two part flag pole [around 9 foot high in total] with flag pole top, and later honour ribbons dated and the Imperial German Battle Flag with gold bullion fringing. Fabulous quality. Two sided, and with areas of old moth hole and small tears. A fabulous display piece and remarkably rare piece of history. Between World War I and World War II the term was used for the paramilitary organizations that arose during the Weimar Republic. An entire series of Freikorps awards also existed, mostly replaced in 1933 by the Honour Cross for World War I veterans. This parade banner was used, during the interwar period, by the Freikorps as an symbol of old comeradeship on their marches and drive protests through the streets of Berlin and Cities of the pre and early German Third Reich. It is from these men that the future SA and SS men were recruited and volunteered In 1920, Adolf Hitler had just begun his political career as the leader of the tiny and as-yet-unknown Deutsche Arbeiterpartei/DAP German Workers Party, which was soon renamed the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei/NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party) or Nazi Party in Munich. Numerous future members and leaders of the Nazi Party had served in the Freikorps, including Ernst Röhm, future head of the Sturmabteilung, or SA, Heinrich Himmler, future head of the Schutzstaffel, or SS, and Rudolf Höß, the future Kommandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp. Hermann Ehrhardt, founder and leader of Marinebrigade Ehrhardt, and his deputy Commander Eberhard Kautter, leaders of the Viking League, refused to help Hitler and Erich Ludendorff in their Beer Hall Putsch and conspired against them. Hitler viewed some of them as threats. A huge ceremony was arranged on November 9, 1933 in which the Freikorps leaders symbolically presented their old battle flags to Hitler's SA and SS. It was a sign of allegiance to their new authority, the Nazi state. When Hitler's internal purge of the party, the Night of the Long Knives, came in 1934, a large number of Freikorps leaders were targeted for killing or arrest, including Ehrhardt and Röhm. Historian Robert GL Waite claims that in Hitler's "Röhm Purge" speech to the Reichstag on July 13, 1934, he implied that the Freikorps were one of the groups of "pathological enemies of the state". Flag is 55 inches x 37 inches
A Fabulous Group Of WW2 Medals 39-45, Africa, Atlantic, Italy & Burma Stars With the North Africa 1942-3 bar, the Pacific bar, and the War Medal. Awarded to a WW2 RAF officer, and just one medal short [the defence medal] of the maximum amount of medals any man serving in the Army, Navy or RAF could have been awarded for the entire war. This is an incredible symbol of an extraordinary service career in the war.
A Fabulous Huge 1909 Poster For Schichtl's Marine-Theater A variety theatre that put on a production depicting Imperial Germany's Maritime and Aeronautical might for the amazement of the viewing public. Set's and artists provided a theatrical view of Germany's Grand Fleet and Airships using clever sets, backdrops and marionettes. A little like America's P.T.Barnum's circus and curiosity side shows, but more typically Germanic, having a greater militaristic perspective. Schichtl's Marine-Theater Werbeplakat, feine Farblithographie, Hamburg 1909, 71 x 95 cm, gemarkt "Lith. Adolph Friedländer, Hamburg", selten.
A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask & Cigarette Case This is just the epitome of all things Imperial German from the time of Kaiser Willhelm and Baron von Richthofen. The reservists flask was a peculiarly German artifact, and alongside the bier stein absolutely typical of the Germanic age of the early 20th century. The flask is an alloy depicting an embossed Zeppelin, an embossed plane and another, an anchor and a panel for luftschiff reserve service, and a similar for the flieger reserve service. It has a mono plane cup holder with a young pilot and his fraulein drinking and reveling. The front panel opens on a hinge revealing a picture behind the flask and a holder for cigarettes. It has wear and aging, but for the Imperial German WW1 reservist flask and stein collector you could probably not find a better or more desirable example. Overall 9 inches tall by 5 inches wide by 2 inches deep
A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask & Cigarette Case A Fabulous Imperial German Air Service Reservists Flask This is just the epitome of all things Imperial German from the time of Kaiser Willhelm and Baron von Richthofen. The reservists flask was a peculiarly German artifact, and alongside the bier stein absolutely typical of the Germanic age of the early 20th century. The flask is an alloy depicting an embossed Zeppelin, an embossed plane and another, an anchor and a panel for luftschiff reserve service, and a similar for the flieger reserve service. It has a mono plane cup holder with a young pilot and his fraulein drinking and reveling. The front panel opens on a hinge revealing a picture behind the flask and a holder for cigarettes. It has wear and aging, but for the Imperial German WW1 reservist flask and stein collector you could probably not find a better or more desirable example. Overall 9 inches, repaired plane wing.
A Fabulous Imperial WW1 Collector's Piece,Balloon Crew Pass & Iron Cross An airship crew military pass for a Luftschiffer, Marine-Fesselballon Abteilung . Ballon 134 with the man's original Iron Cross medal for gallantry. With many pages of his details all manner of interesting [but needing translation] details of his war career. He served on 134. In November 1917, the Naval troops in Flanders became a military reality. The defense of the coast could not be more clearly divided into tasks for the Navy or the Army. The marine pilots in the country in October 1915 achieved a name similar to the Army Aviation unit, and then called itself the Naval Aviator Section Die Marine-Fesselballon-Abteilung (MFBA) The Navy Balloon department (MFBA) is now the default name "field Airship Division 47" (FLA). . It is likely that the MFBA was identical to the naval field Airship Company This company is transformed into a regular army, FLA. Ihr unterstellt sind Ballonzüge (I - III). Balloon unit II was the balloon unit 134 stationed in Stene The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century.Although many men served in the Army and Navy Zeppelin service in WW1, only a percentage were awarded the Iron Cross, and only a miniscule few of surviving WW1 awarded Iron Crosses can be specifically associated with the elite Zeppelin service. Those men were some of the only very few German service personnel, before the introduction of the late war German aircraft Gotha bombers, that fought in around only 54 Zeppelin bombing raids over British soil during the whole of WW1. Germany had two dirigible manufacturers, the Schutte-Lanz Company, and the larger and better known Zeppelin Company. The latter was headed by Ferdinand von Zeppelin, the world's foremost designer of airships. To this day his name remains synonymous with dirigibles in general. Of the 115 Zeppelins employed by the Germans for combat in WW1, 53 were destroyed and a further 24 were too damaged to be operational, and the fleet's crews, under the command of Korvettenkapitan Peter Strasser, suffered a 40% loss rate. The second photo in the gallery is Ballon Unit 134 and this man is amongst them.
A Fabulous Late Edo Period Samurai Battle Katana, by Master Smith Masashige Of Choshu, dated, Bunsei 1824. One of our great restoration projects of a very good katana, that required a polish, that has now been duly completed, and what a result!!. The blade is signed Choshu Ryusaishi Masashige and dated 1824 [in Hawleys, MAS 909]. He was of the famous Masahide school, and a pupil of the great master smith Suishinshi Masahide. It has a wonderful elegance and balance to it, typical of the ancient times from where it gains it's influence, and it feels simply as light as a feather and a joy to handle. The hilt bears old iron Higo mounts and a charming plain russeted iron mokko tsuba, that is also signed. The wrap is a typical rebellion pattern rebind. This sword has been be utterly transformed into the item of significant beauty it once was. This sword was last used in the Satsuma rebellion. The Rebellion was the last gasp of the ancient samurai to keep Japan as a feudal state with the samurai as it's backbone, but the Emperor knew that change must come and the day of the samurai was over. So twenty thousand samurai joined forces to fight the new conscript peasant army. It finished after the defeat at the Siege of Kumamoto Castle and in other battles in central Kyushu. The surviving remnants of the samurai forces loyal to Saigo Takamori fled back to Satsuma, seizing the hill of Shiroyama overlooking Kagoshima on 1 September 1877. Imperial army troops under the command of General Yamagata Aritomo and marines under the command of Admiral Kawamura Sumiyoshi began arriving soon after, and the rebels were surrounded. After combat losses and defections, Saigo had only 300 to 400 samurai remaining of a force of over 20,000 which had besieged the government garrison in the city of Kumamoto only six weeks earlier. Following an intensive artillery bombardment the night of 24 September, imperial forces stormed the mountain in the early morning hours. The samurai, under heavy fire, charged the lines of the imperial army, which had not been trained for close-quarter sword fighting. In just a few minutes the once organized line turned into discord. Highly skilled samurai swordsmanship prevailed against an army with very little traditional training. For a short time Saigo's lines held, but was forced back due to weight of numbers. By 6 a.m., only 40 rebels were still alive. Saigo was wounded in the femoral artery and stomach. Losing blood rapidly, he asked to find a suitable spot to die. One of his most loyal followers, Beppu Shinsuke, carried him further down the hill on his shoulders. Legend says that Beppu acted as kaishakunin and aided Saigo in committing seppuku before he could be captured. However, other evidence contradicts this, stating that Saigo in fact died of the bullet wound and then had his head removed by Beppu in order to preserve his dignity. This swords saya is very nice original Edo lacquer with crushed abilone shell decorated. The tsuka could be rebound in the more traditional pre-Satsuma way, in which case it would look as it once did before it had the Satsuma Rebellion rebind.
A Fabulous Light Infantry Rifles Officer's Sword Circa 1800 With almost all it's original mecurial gilt remaining. With an 1803 variant P shaped slotted hilt of incredible rarity, depicting a full relief, chisseled strung bugle regimental device of the rifles regiments. With Lion head pommel and carved ivory grip, denoting for use by senior officer. Typical 1803 type curved blade. It's blade is superbly etched throughout with royal cypher and monogram but very difficult to photograph in the right light. Used by Officer's of the 95th and 60th Rifles, during the Iberian Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo. This is the pattern of British Officer's sword carried by gentlemen who relished the idea of combat, but found the standard 1796 Infantry pattern sword too light for good combat. The light infantry regiments were made up of officers exactly of that mettle. The purpose of the rifles light infantry regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen and officers were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The standard British infantry and light infantry regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rearguard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo.The sword was used, in combat, in some of the greatest and most formidable battles ever fought by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe the Peninsular Campaign and Waterloo. This is a very attractive sword indeed and highly desirable, especially for devotees of the earliest era of the British Rifle Regiments, such as the 95th and the 60th. As a footnote, in Bernard Cornwall's books of 'Sharpe of the 95th', this is the Sabre Major Sharpe would have carried if he hadn't used the Heavy Cavalry Pattern Troopers Sword, given to him in the story in the first novel. Overall this battle cum dress sword is in very good order and quite stunning.
A Fabulous Original Wild West 1874 Smith& Wesson 'Russian' Revolver Nicely tight and crisp action, good revolution, original walnut grips. Butt marked with lozenge stamp of model date 1874. Barrel address with full Smith & Wesson address patents and Russian model name. Overall surface wear but a most honest original example of these behemoths of the gunslinger's arsenal of weaponry. Initially designed at the behest of the Russian Czar's representative for arms procurement, General Alexander Gorloff, the 44 Russian Calibre Pistol became one of the best, most efficient guns ever made. Although initially ordered [and thus named] for the Russian Czar's army they became so renown for their ability they became the weapon of choice for the American frontiersmen. This revolver has a 6.5 inch barrel, frame fully nickle plated, a true Wild West cowboy revolver. Among one of the big 44 Smith 7 Wesson owner's was Cole Younger. His Smith & Wesson was surrendered by Cole Younger at the abortive robbery of the First Bank of Northfield, Minnesota in September 1876 by the Younger - James Gang. Jesse James was assassinated with an 'Old Model' owned by Bob Ford, and notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin killed a Texas Lawman with his 'Old Model' 44 Russian Smith & Wesson. The story of the Younger - James Gang goes as follows; After the Civil War Jessie and his brother Frank James became outlaws and established a gang that included Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts. On 13th February, 1866, the gang robbed a bank at Liberty, Missouri. Over the next few years the brothers took part in twelve bank robberies, seven train robberies, four stage-coach robberies and various other criminal acts. During these crimes at least eleven citizens were killed by the gang. As well as their home state of Missouri they were also active in West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas and Minnesota. On 7th September, 1876, the gang attempted to rob the First National Bank in Northfield, Minnesota. During the raid Jessie James killed the cashier, Lee Heywood. Members of the town decided to fight back and they opened fire on the gang. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts were killed whereas Bob Younger, Cole Younger and James Younger, were all wounded and captured. Cole Youngers 'Old Model' pistol was captured then. Jessie James and Frank James were also wounded but managed to get away from Northfield. After this disaster Jessie decided to go into hiding. Jessie took the name J. D. Howard and rented a home in Nashville, Tennessee. He also began to recruit a new gang that included Robert Ford, Charlie Ford and Dick Liddel. On 8th October, 1879, Jessie James and his gang held up the Chicago & Alton Railroad at Glendale, Missouri and stole $6,000. This was followed by other raids, in one, at Blue Cut, Missouri, in September, 1881, the gang killed the conductor and a pensioner. The Governor of Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, now responded by offering a reward of $10,000 for the capture of Jessie James. Robert Ford, a member of the Jessie James gang, contacted Governor Crittenden and offered his services in order to gain this reward. On 3rd April, 1882, Ford visited Jessie James in his home and when he stood on a chair to straighten a picture on the wall, he shot him in the back of the head with his 'Old Model' Smith and Wesson revolver. Ford was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. Two hours later he was pardoned by Crittenden and given his reward. Jesse James had a Smith and Wesson, also extremely similar, and there is a photo of his gun [with his hand-shortened barrel] that was displayed by Merle Gill, a ballistics expert with the Kansas City police department. Gill's collection of guns and artifacts were collected, starting in the 1920s, by him, and he displayed them in the back of his truck at state and county fairs until J.M. Davis acquired them in the early 1940s. There is also a photo of Cole Younger's gun from the front cover of John Walters book 'The Guns that Won the West', This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation as it was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation.
A Fabulous Renaissance Style 19th Century Revival Main Gauche Dagger This large and beautiful left handed dagger is absolutely stunning, and almost the size of a short sword. It's chiselling is most fine and the gilding is superb. The blade is fully chiselled and gilded to match. The pommel is deeply carved with knights armour in combat, the quillon are sea serpents and the scabbard mounts are chiselled with fantastical faces, putti and winged creatures all within rococo scrolls. Formerly from the Higgins Armory Museum Collection in Mass. USA. Purchased by Giula Morosini, and sold by the American Art Association, Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, in October 1932. There was an enormous revival of interest in Classical and Renaissance art from about 1850. Archaeological discoveries in Greece, Italy and Egypt fuelled the imagination of designers. Renaissance art and architecture of the 15th and 16th centuries, itself inspired by ancient Rome, also had a great influence. Classical and Renaissance pieces were sometimes copied quite closely, but often a variety of forms and motifs were combined or reinterpreted. Figures from Classical history and mythology provided subject matter for many 19th -century artists and designers. The Elgin Marbles, brought to Britain from the Parthenon in Athens in 1812, provided particular inspiration. Renaissance bronze sculptures of Classical figures were also much admired and emulated. The distinctive shapes of various Classical objects were often employed by 19th-century designers. Ancient Greek vessels were usually copied directly, while the forms of other objects were adapted for different materials. The use of architectural elements from ancient Greek and Roman buildings was a key characteristic of the Classical and Renaissance Revival style. Classical columns, capitals and pediments were often featured. The scrolling decorative forms of the Renaissance were revived in the second half of the 19th century. An abundance of garlands and foliage often surrounds Classical figures or mythical creatures. Classical and Renaissance styles had first been introduced to Britain in the 16th century. At this time artists and designers relied on printed books of designs for their inspiration. By the 19th century they were able to travel to Italy to see the original sources for themselves. Knowledge of the Classical world had also been dramatically increased by various archaeological discoveries in Italy and in Greece. The blade has a small nick on one edge, the original velvet is worn and faded. This could left as is to show natural aging, or replaced with fresh velvet. 22 inches long overall, 14.5 inch blade.
A Fabulous RN Medal With A Royal Naval 1870 Lead Cutter Cutlass The monster of a size, 4th type with a 34.25 inch blade, also with the Chief Petty Officer's King George Vth solid silver Long Service Good Conduct Medal, HMS Blenheim. The Royal Navy CPO served on HMS Blenheim, and this Cruiser was present on the China Station during the Boxer Rebellion, and later in WW1 at Gallipoli. The Royal Navy Long Service & Good Conduct Medal was introduced on 24 August 1831. It is silver and circular in shape. The medal of 1831 had on its obverse side an anchor surmounted by a crown and enclosed in an oak wreath. The medal's reverse side was engraved with the recipient's details. The silver medal has changed dimensions and ribbon colour twice during its period of issue. The original medal of 1831 was 34mm in diameter and was suspended from a ring by a dark blue ribbon. In 1848 the medal became 36mm in diameter with a dark blue ribbon with white edges. A narrow suspender was introduced in 1874. The Long Service & Good Conduct Medal (Navy) evolved into the the pattern of 1848. The obverse of the medal shows the effigy of the reigning monarch, while the reverse shows the image of a three-masted man-of-war surrounded by a rope tied at the foot with a reef knot with the words 'For Long service and Good Conduct' around the circumference. An Other Rank who completes 15 years of reckonable service from the date of attestation or age 17½, whichever is later, and who holds all three good conduct badges, shall be eligible to receive the medal. However, there are a number of offences which would normally preclude award of the LS&GCM. Awards are only made after a thorough check of a sailor's record of service. The Wilkinson marked sword is a massive bladed Victorian Naval sword that is in nice order for it's age and a fabulous cutlass of amazing presence.
A Fabulous Romanov Period WW1 Russian Poster It depicts a Russian heroic figure, in mail armour, fighting the three headed hydra, representing the heads of the Drei Kaiser Bund, Emperor Franz Josef, Kaiser Willhelm and the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed V. The first offensive Russia launched was in August 1914, against Germany in East Prussia. The Russian First Army (commanded by Rennenkampf) aimed straight into the heart of East Prussia (held by the German Eight Army), while the Russian Second Army (commanded by Samsonov) aimed to cut off the Eighth army's line of retreat. Once Eastern Prussia was secure, the Russian Ministry of War planned to march on Berlin. The Battle of Tannenberg: The First and Second Russian Army rapidly compromised the German positions in East Prussia, moving with such zeal that they outran their logistical support. After weeks of loses, the remaining German Eighth Army (led by Ludendorf), left their defensive positions and marched between the advanced positions of both Russian armies. The German Army turned West and attacked the flank of the Russian Second Army. Within four days of fighting, bogged down in lakes and swamps, the Russian Second Army was defeated. Samsonov shot himself. A week later, General Hindenburg led the Eighth German Army, bolstered by reinforcements, to drive the Russian First Army completely out of Prussia. Also in August, to the South, Russia engaged Austria-Hungary with much better success. The Russian Army quickly shattered their front line on the border of Galacia, forcing the Austrian army to retreat. On September 3, 1914, the Southern Russian Army captured Lemberg, the capital of Galacia (present-day L'vov in Western Ukraine). Undaunted by success, the southern army continued to push on to Cracow (present-day Kraków of Poland) and aimed to continue into Silesia (South-Western portion of the German Empire — present-day Czechoslovakia). 18.5" x 25"
A Fabulous Samurai Sword, 1650 Depicting The Battle of Kurokawa Just returned from the conservation workshop, with the blade also repolished, this sword is a joy to behold. Made in the early Shinto period of around 1650, a weapon of samurai combat yet a work of art of stunning beauty and historical resonance. Obviously made for a samurai of great influence and rank. The fully matching suite of art fittings, in patinated bronze and pure gold overlay, are beautiful Soten school. All show the Ashina samurai in full armour, mounted on horseback, fighting around the destroyed bridge over the Nitsubashi river, and thus swimming across the river to flee the Date clan army. The sword also has it's with a matching iron and gold tsuba, and a doubly signed kodzuka [small knife] with a tempered blade and gunome hamon, all showing the same samurai battle across on the river. The menuki are a samurai kabuto helmet, and weapons. The blade of the kodzuka is signed and the hilt, in overlaid gold and shakudo, is also signed. The habaki is cat scratch decorated and in silver. The saya is stunningly decorated in a simulated cherry bark pattern, underlaid with pure gold leaf and overlayed with transparent red lacquer to simulate the corse and flaking bark of the cherry tree. The whole sword is mounted in tribute to the Battle of Kurokawa where the battle turned at the destruction of the bridge over the Nitsubashi river leading to the Ashina clan's army fleeing across the river to be slaughtered. As many as 2,300 heads were taken and the Ashina army was scattered. Masamune pressed on to Kurokawa, which fell easily. In July 1589 in the province of Mutsu, Date Masamune's army numbered 23,000 samurai, his enemy, Ashina Morishige's army was numbering 16,000 samurai The fighting that led up to the Date capture of the Ashina's Kurokawa Castle was the culmination of a decades-old rivalry between the two families. In 1589 Masamune convinced the important Ashina retainer Inawashiro Morikuni to rebel and soon afterwards took advantage of the confusion to attack. He led some 23,000 men in the direction of Kurokawa and were met by Ashina Morishige's 16,000 at Suriagehara. The Ashina fought well and were only compelled to retreat when Masamune himself led a charge against their tiring ranks. Unfortunately, Masamune's men had managed to destroy the bridge over the Nitsubashi River - which was the Ashina's escape route. Panic set in amongst Morishige's warriors, and many who did not drown trying to swim the Nitsubashi were cut down by the victorious Date. As many as 2,300 heads were taken and the Ashina army was scattered. Masamune pressed on to Kurokawa, which fell easily. Morishige escaped to the lands of the Satake, and Masamune, for a short period, would be the greatest northern warlord. The main history of the Date clan is as follows, during the Nanboku-cho Wars in the 1330s, the Date clan supported the Imperial Southern Court of Emperor Go-Daigo through Kitabatake Akiie, who had been appointed by the Emperor Chinjufu Sh?gun or Commander in Chief of the Defense of the North. As warlords gained and lost power in the Sengoku period, trying to unite the country, the Date, along with a handful of other powerful families, did all they could to retain independence and dominance over their section of the land (in the case of the Date, the far north). Though not gaining the fame or power of the likes of Oda Nobunaga, Uesugi Kenshin, or Toyotomi Hideyoshi, they resisted the invasions of these warlords into the north. Date Masamune (1566–1636) contributed in particular to this effort, consolidating the families of the north into alliances against the major warlords. In 1589, Masamune seized the Aizu Domain of the Ashina; and he installed himself at Kurokawa Castle in Wakamatsu province. However, the following year, Hideyoshi triumphed over the H?jo of Odawara; and Hideyoshi then obliged Masamune to be content with the fief of Yonezawa (300,000 koku). Masamune ultimately gaining some degree of independence by supporting Tokugawa Ieyasu. Ieyasu granted the Date much of the north, and yet the Date were not fully trusted. Despite the significant fact that the Date sent reinforcements for the Tokugawa during the battle of Sekigahara, the Date were viewed as a threat. In the Edo period, the Date were identified as one of the tozama or outsider clans, in contrast with the fudai or insider daimy? clans which were hereditary vassals or allies of the Tokugawa clan. A stunning wakazashi of fabulous beauty Pictures in the gallery of another famous river battle at Uji. Commission Sale
A Fabulous Signed Samurai O-Tanto with Delightfully Fine Mounts A large tanto almost wakazashi size.With hard lacquered leather bound tsuka. Shinshinto period, signed blade and signed fittings. The signature is in an unusual form and it's translation, as yet, eludes us. The fittings are all bronze and hammered with with fine gold and probably by the much sought after Goto school. Superb kodsuka with gold foil and carved copper, signed blade. Leather covered saya with iron and gold Kojiri. Gold rimmed bronze tsuba with nanako ground and Shishi. Tanto first began to appear in the Heian period, however these blades lacked artistic qualities and were purely weapons. In the Early Kamakura period high quality tanto with artistic qualities began to appear, and the famous Yoshimitsu (the greatest tanto maker in Japanese history) began his forging. Tanto production increased greatly around the Muromachi period and then dropped off in the Shinto period. Shinto period tanto are quite rare. Tanto were mostly carried by Samurai; commoners did not generally carry them. Women sometimes carried a small tanto called a kaiken in their obi for self defence.It was sometimes worn as the shoto in place of a wakizashi in a daisho, especially on the battlefield. Before the 16th century it was common for a Samurai to carry a tachi and a tanto as opposed to a katana and a wakizashi.
A Fabulous Stielgranate WW2 Anti Tank Bomb, Would Penetrate 7" of Armour Part of a superb Third Reich collection of ordnance we have been thrilled to acquire. Designed during WW2 as a stop gap for an improved anti-tank weapon that would fit the 3.7cm PAK (panzerabwehrkanone) 36 anti-tank gun, which was already in service. The standard 3.7 Pak was not effective against the Russian T-34 Tanks, so ingeniously it was decided it was better to developed a new projectile than a whole new gun and thus waste a useful anti tank gun. It was known as the 3.7cm Stielgranate 41 or the 3.7cm Aufstek Geschoss (Attached projectile). This is a hollow charge weapon designed to penetrate thick armour by exploding just above the surface of the target, and melting a hole by using a shaped charge. Fitting into the barrel of the PAK36 gun and fired using a blank charge inserted in the breach. Weighing 8.6kg (19lb) with an effective range of 300m (328yds) it could penetrate 180mm (7inch) of armour plate.Inert and safe, no restrictions to ownership, but only for sale to over 18's and not suitable to export.
A Fabulous Tudor Period 'Dog of War' Multi Spiked Forged Iron Collar. 15th to 16th Century. In forged iron with it's multiple rows of spikes within a frame body, complete with it's circular neck shape form intact. Between years 1387-1388, in the ¨Hunting Book¨, Gastón Fébus speaks about dogs ¨Alaunts are able to cross all other bloods, to which it cuts their ears to evenness to avoid to them be wounded in the fight”. In Spain the great war dog was the alaunt or prey-dog, in Britain it was the similar Mastiff or Bull Mastiff. In the stories of the writers of the time, it was spoken of the Alaunts that the Spanish explorers took to cross the virgin forests of South America. There was some of these stories, in which they narrated an infinity of anecdotes with respect to intelligence, bravery and fidelity that owned the Alaunts. In March 24, 1495, within the Antilles was the first battle of the native Indians, and commanded by the Caonabo Cacique was a battle with dogs. The brother of Cristóbal, Bartolomé Colón, employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alaunts like Spanish forces. It was the “debut” of the Alaunts in the American Conquest. Some Alaunts deserved, for their services, that one pays to them their fair due. Fernandez de Oviedo speaks of a Alaunt called “Becerrillo", which always accompanied the conqueror Diego de Salazar. One said that ten soldiers with “Becerrillo", were made more fearful than more than one hundred soldiers without the dog. For that reason it had its part in booties, and received it's pay like any soldier. War Dogs were trained to fight in combat either against man or beasts such as bulls. We show pictures in the gallery of famous war dogs from the time of Ancient Rome by Romans, by Ancient Britons, being used in Medieval England and in the US Civil War.
A Fabulous, Complete And Rare WW2 German Mobile Artillery Case Used by SS and Heer mountain troops and Luft Falshirmjager, the small mobile artillery cannon was small enough to be transported through mountain terrain and even dropped on parachute troops. This is a complete shell and detonator case that takes 3 shells all complete with fuze heads and charge detonator bases with adjustable charge discs. This case is clearly marked Luft so likely for issue and use Luftwaffe Falshirmjager. The 7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40 could be air-dropped and had a maximum range of 6,800 m. Para-trained commandos of II/KG200 (also known as the 3rd Staffel of Kampfgeschwader 200), were a Luftwaffe special forces unit who were para-trained commandos. II./KG 200 remain a mostly unheard of arm of Germany's World War II parachute forces due to the nature of their role and were listed on II./KG 200's ORBAT as the 3rd Staffel.
A Fabulous, Long, Ancient 'Dragon' Katana With Fine Blade, Signed Fittings Circa 1540, Yomato school. With a most beautiful, octagonal, sukashi, dragon pattern, namban iron tsuba 29.4 inch blade tsuba to tip. All the fittings are original Edo, and the fushi kashira [signed by their maker] the menuki [of particular fineness], and the tsuba are all decorated with the central dragon theme. The blade has a fabulous notare hamon and is truly wondrous. One might have to go a long way before one saw a sword with the combination of size, condition, and beauty all together in such a stunning yet reserved piece. In 1590 Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded in uniting Japan under his rule. After his death there was a power struggle between a coalition of Eastern clans led by Tokugawa Ieyasu and a Western coalition led by Ishida Mitsunari. Their final showdown occurred near the town of Sekigahara in 1600 AD. The armies were evenly matched. Mitsunari deployed his army to block the vital Nakasendo road, with Kobayakawa Hideaki's large clan in position to threaten the Eastern army's left flank. However Hideaki had secretly promised Ieyasu that he would switch sides once the battle started. The Eastern army launched a determined attack and made good progress. Slowly the Western army drove them back and began to counterattack. Mitsunari and Ieyasu both tried to convince Hideaki to intervene on their side. Finally he made his decision and charged down the hill right into the flank of the Western army. His betrayal was decisive, and the Western army was routed. In the years following the battle Ieyasu was able to consolidate his power and become the Shogun of Japan.
A Fabulous, Original, George IIIrd British 4 Pounder Carronade Cannon As used on Nelson's ship, HMS Agamemnon, from 1793, when he served under Lord Hood in the Mediterranean fleet , and began to make his reputation as England's finest and most famous Admiral. Agamemnon fought in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805 and sailed the globe, wreaking havoc off every continent for more than 20 years. Nelson loved the responsive vessel, built by master shipbuilder Henry Adams in Bucklers Hard, near Beaulieu in the New Forest in 1777. Painting HMS Agamemnon in the Mediterranean by Geoff Hunt He met Lady Hamilton in Naples while serving as captain and wooed her on board the vessel he commanded between 1793 and 1796. But it was on board the Agamemnon that he lost the sight of his right eye during the siege of Calvi in 1794. The ship proved vital not only at Trafalgar, but at the battles of Saintes and Copenhagen. Later it led the British in the battle of Santa Domingo in South American waters before being wrecked in 1809 near Gorriti Island in Maldonado Bay. Two famous ships carried 10 4pounder cannon . HMS Indefatigable & Agamemnon – These were both ships of the Ardent-class of 3rd Rate, 64-gun line ships. These were 46m long on the gun deck, with a 40.13m long keel and 13.51m wide beam. The Indefatigable was launched in 1784 with 26 x 24lb guns on the lower deck, 26 x 18lb guns on the upper deck, 10 x 4lb guns on the quarter deck, and 2 x 9lb guns on the forecastle. Famous under Captain Sir Edward Pellew, the Indefatigable captured some 27 prizes over her service. Between 1794 and 1795, the Indefatigable (and Agamemnon) were raised to 38 guns and reclassified as a frigate. Iron barrel, approx 44.5 inches long, cast with Royal Crown and '4'. Weight approx 200 Kilos. No carriage. We are having our gunstock maker estimating the cost of a replacement carriage, however we have much of the carriage's original ironwork. This is, condition wise, one of the best examples we have ever seen.
A Fascinating Bronze Age Spear or Lance Around 3400 Years Old It is mounted on an early haft in the early wire bound manner. The old haft is a later replacement. Spearheads were mostly made in two-piece moulds which have been found in Ireland and the Highlands. During the Early Bronze Age soft stone moulds were used but in the late Bronze Age clay moulds became more popular. There is no evidence to indicate that bronze moulds were used to cast spearheads. After casting a spearhead would have been finished, hammered and occasionally decorated. The remains of hafts are occasionally recovered inside spearheads and they indicate that hafts were mostly made of ash and pinewood. Looped spearheads were probably secured by a cord or leather thong. Pegged spearheads would have been pegged to the spear haft by bronze or wooden pegs. The variation of spearhead size indicates they may have been used for different purposes. For example smaller spearheads may have been thrown while larger ones may have been used as thrusting weapons. Evidence suggests that they were used in warfare and hunting. Some large decorative and barbed spearheads may have been used in ceremonies as appear to be too large and valuable for fighting or hunting. Like many weapons, a spear may also be a symbol of power. In the Chinese martial arts community, the Chinese spear is popularly known as the "king of weapons". The Celts would symbolically destroy a dead warrior's spear either to prevent its use by another or as a sacrificial offering. In classical Greek mythology Zeus' bolts of lightning may be interpreted as a symbolic spear. Some would carry that interpretation to the spear that frequently is associated with Athena, interpreting her spear as a symbolic connection to some of Zeus' power beyond the Aegis once he rose to replacing other deities in the pantheon. Athena was depicted with a spear prior to that change in myths, however. Chiron's wedding-gift to Peleus when he married the nymph Thetis in classical Greek mythology, was an ashen spear as the nature of ashwood with its straight grain made it an ideal choice of wood for a spear. The Romans and their early enemies would force prisoners to walk underneath a 'yoke of spears', which humiliated them. The yoke would consist of three spears, two upright with a third tied between them at a height which made the prisoners stoop. It has been surmised that this was because such a ritual involved the prisoners' warrior status being taken away. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the arrangement has a magical origin, a way to trap evil spirits.The word subjugate has its origins in this practice In Norse Mythology, the God Odin's spear (named Gungnir) was made by the sons of Ivaldi. It had the special property that it never missed its mark. During the War with the Vanir, Odin symbolically threw Gungnir into the Vanir host. This practice of symbolically casting a spear into the enemy ranks at the start of a fight was sometimes used in historic clashes, to seek Odin's support in the coming battle. In Wagner's opera Siegfried, the haft of Gungnir is said to be from the "World-Tree" Yggdrasil. Other spears of religious significance are the Holy Lance and the Lúin of Celtchar, believed by some to have vast mystical powers. Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough noted the phallic nature of the spear and suggested that in the Arthurian Legends the spear or lance functioned as a symbol of male fertility, paired with the Grail (as a symbol of female fertility). The picture in the gallery is of the Norse god Odin, carrying the spear Gungnir on his ride to Hel, note the thickness of the haft and the binding of the tang. The central rib has had an old repair on the blade. Blade 15.5 inches long [not including tang]
A Fascinating WW1 British Army Tunneller's Belt With Badges and Buttons With badges and collar badges and buttons of the Rifle Brigade, the Royal Engineers [tunneling companies], and The Labour Corps. A souvenir from a soldier serving in a special emplacement in WW1 that had a detachment of all three men. Such as the tunnel companies at Messines to set giant mines under German lines. It is said and portrayed in a few films and documentaries that this work was some of the most horrifically awful imaginable. Digging underground is frightful enough, but to then to be dug into the British tunnel by the German counter-tunnellers, and to then face fearfull hand to hand combat with German assault troops, must have been simply terrifying. General Plumer had begun plans to take the Messines Ridge a year early in early-1916. Meticulous in manner, Plumer preferred to plan for limited successes rather than gamble all on a significant breakthrough. In preparing for the Messines battle he had authorised the laying of 22 mine shafts underneath German lines all along the ridge, his plan being to detonate all 22 at zero hour at 03:10 on 7 June 1917, to be followed by infantry attacks so as to secure the ridge from the presumably dazed German defenders, the infantry heavily supported by the use of artillery bombardments, tanks and the use of gas. Work on laying the mines began some 18 months before zero hour. One mine, at Petite Douve Farm, was discovered by German counter miners on 24 August 1916 and destroyed. A further two mines close to Ploegsteert Wood were not exploded as they were outside the planned attack area. In the face of active German counter-mining, 8,000 metres of tunnel were constructed under German lines. Occasionally the tunnellers would encounter German counterparts engaged in the same task: underground hand to hand fighting would ensure.
A Fascinating WW1 German Sniper's Shield Loophole With Bullet Hits. Soldiers in front-line trenches suffered from enemy snipers. These men were usually specially trained marksmen that had rifles with telescopic sights. German snipers did not normally work from their own trenches. The main strategy was to creep out at dawn into no-man's land and remain there all day. Wearing camouflaged clothing and using the cover of a fake tree, they waited for a British soldier to pop his head above the parapet. A common trick was to send up a kite with English writing on it. Anyone who raised his head to read it was shot. They also used a steel plate with a loophole for their Mauser sniper rifle. This is a super example and it shows at least one bullt strike upon it. There were many variants in these shields from lightweight models to huge, fully wheeled contraptions. This is the 'standard' German model, the 'Infanterieschild' from 1916. The front has curved edges to protect the user from bullet splash or richochets. The position of the opening allows maximum protection for right handed soldiers and normally a movable cover is fitted to protect the rifle slot. To the rear there used to be supports to allow the shield to be self-supporting on flat terrain. Many were designed to be portable on the battlefield. Normally they would have been dug into the trench system or used in large numbers as part of short term or even semi-permanant strong points or sniper posts in trench systems. 18 inches x 23.5 inches
A Fascinting Early Ern Shaw Labour Party Propaganda Poster A rare collectors piece. He created cartoon propaganda cartoon posters for the Labour Party and for election campaigns from the 1920's, and this is one of his most unusual and rarest to survive. A very fine original example and perfect for the political collector or as a piece of highly evocative art of the pre war style. Ern Shaw was a prolific cartoonist in the city of Hull. His pen strokes covered every area from newspapers and magazines to card games, puzzles and children's colouring books. Born in Hull in 1891, his opening into cartoonery came at the age of 12 when he published his first cartoon - the result of a competition organised by the local press - seen as the seed of Ern Shaw's 70 year-long career. Dingbats, Binky, Toodles, Twanky Scamp and Giddy Goat were some of the cartoon characters he had drawn up. Shaw spent a lifetime creating colourful characters. His only artistic training was via a correspondence course, which he took several years after leaving school.
A Fearsome Japanese Samurai Seated Doll Edo Period 19th century Finely modeled Japanese antique doll of Samurai Warrior Lord, sitting on his camp stool. The samurai has a beautifully expressive gofun face. A samurai warrior lord or musha ningyo, made for display on Boy’s Day which is celebrated annually in Japan on May 5. It has a gold court high hat and holds katana. His rich silk brocade kimono and hakama are rendered with traditional floral motif. He has an armor dressed over his kimono, hikizuri (leg's protection) and his camp shoes. The doll is similar to the work of Maruhei a famous Japanese doll artist from Kyoto Dimensions: 44 cm /17.5 inches high Condition: The doll is in very good condition according to age and with wonderful antique taste. Some wear and fading to fabric in places.
A Fine "Tower of London" Front Rank 'Brown Bess' Crown GR Musket The form of superior British Infantry musket used only by front line regiments in the British army throughout the entire Napoleonic Wars, Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo era. An 1800's 'Tower of London' Brown Bess Musket, Front Line regt Issue, fine walnut stock with superb patina, traditional brass furniture, 39 inch barrel with ordnance view and proof of 1790, crown ordnance stamp to barrel tang. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Fine & Beautiful Shinshinto Katana By Tokumune of Hitachi Signed Hitachi Tokumune, Dated blade The blade with two mekugi-ana, notare-midare hamon, fully bound tsuka with shakudo-nanako fuchi-kashira decorated with peonies in gold and silver, shakudo and gold floral menuki, and circular iron sukashi tsuba chiselled and pierced with flowering branches, in its black lacquered saya complete with shakudo-nanako kodzuka and kogai each decorated with different leaves and flowers in shakudo and gold. Hitachi Kuni Mito ju Tokumune 65 cm. Blade. The blade shows a beautiful hamon [with crab claw] and very good grain to the hada. 26.5 inch blade length, Tsuba to tip.
A Fine & Beautiful Shinto Samurai Tanto Hira-zukuri Koshi-zori form, in full polish, Omokumi Hada, Midare based on Notare Hamon, in Shirasaya. Mumei Tang
A Fine 1690 Smallsword With a Finely Embossed Bronze Shell Guard Hilt As used by the infamous and notorious Privateers of the late 17th to early 18th century. In very nice overall condition with a signed double edged armourer's marked blade by Hn.Vincent. Cast bronze hilt beautifully relief decorated with cornucopia and seated figures bearing baskets of fruit. A most beautiful sword made from the era of King William IIIrd, and the Battle of the Boyne, through to the 7 years War, known as the French Indian Wars in Europe and America, and into the American War of Independence in the 1770's. The form of sword that was carried and used by gentleman and officers for almost 100 years. It is said they were particulaly popular with the infamous maritime Privateers, and Buccaneers, who, in the most part, became notorious around the world as the Pirates of the Spanish Maine, such as Captain's William Kidd, George Booth, Edward Teach [Blackbeard] & Henry Jennings, or Capt. Bartholomew Roberts, as he is to be seen, in a period engraving, in the gallery, carrying the very same sword. 28.5 inch blade.
A Fine 17th Century Italian Stilletto With all steel hilt and triangular triple edged slender blade. Hounds head quillon baluster grip. A truly elegant piece of great style.
A Fine 1889 Pattern German Infantry Officer's Sword of The Great War However, it does have a combat-broken two piece blade. Likely this sword was brought back to England by a soldier who took it from an officer he fought or took surrender from. Due to the dishonour of surrender it was not ususual for a German officer, upon capture in battle, to snap his swords blade in two, in disgust, and to caste in down at the feet of his victorious protagonist. 1889 Pattern Prussian Officers sword with folding Eagle guard and black steel combat scabbard. Used by an Infantry officer serving in the Great War. The gilt hilt shows signs of gilt wear but this is to be expected and was was used in most uncomfortable circumstances in the trenches of WW1. Many of these swords were also used in the 3rd Reich by veteran officers serving in WW2. Numerous Vintage photographs of WW2 German Officers show them wearing this pattern of sword. Priced to reflect the condition of the blade. However, it could be weld repaired [by a skilled steel welder].
A Fine 3rd Pattern 'Brown Bess' Crown GR Musket By Samuel J.Galton The form of superior British Infantry musket used only by regiments in the British army throughout the entire Napoleonic Wars, Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo era. An 1800's Brown Bess Musket, regt Issue, good walnut stock with nice patina, traditional brass furniture, 39 inch barrel with ordnance view and proof mark. Good flintlock action with makers name and GR crown. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” Areas of field repairs to stock near wrist. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Fine and Rare Caucasian Cossack Pistol 18th to 19th Century Fine striped wood stock possibly elm. Overlaid with decorated metalwork. Shortened steel barrel and typical miquelet lock and ball trigger. During the French Revolutionary War the Don and Ural Cossacks were in the vanguard of the Austrian and Russian armies in 1799, their military prowess soon got the attention of Europe and the Russians under Marshal Suvorov proved equal to the French armies. Western Europe also felt the depredation of the Cossacks for the first time as they foraged for food, taking what they needed from the local population. In 1800 the Russian armies returned home. The Cossacks next military campaign saw them thrust into one of the strangest schemes of Tsar Paul I, known to his subjects as the “Madman”. After renouncing an alliance with Britain, Paul’s plan, hatched in conjunction with Napoleon, was to attack India and retake lost French holdings from the British. A force of 22,000 Don Cossacks was assembled under the command of Cossack Major-General Matvei Platov, General Basel Orlov led the expedition. The expedition set off on 12 January 1801 in the depths of winter, their aim to march to Bukhara on the Silk Road, through Afghanistan to northern India then down the Ganges. Buy the time that had cleared the Steppe and entered the deserts of central Asia their supplies had already dwindled, but they were reprieved when a messenger caught them three weeks into the trek. Paul had been assassinated and the expedition was called off. A march to certain death had been avoided. The new Tsar Alexander I was soon involved in war in Europe and in 1805 Cossacks were at the head of a Russian army heading for Austria to aid them against Napoleon. During the intervening years Alexander had increased the number of Cossacks in service to 50 Regiments totalling 50,000 men, over half from the Don. Cossack uniforms were standardised to some extent and some Cossacks served as infantry and horse artillery. For the Russians the battle of Austerlitz was a disaster, but the Russian army would improve and its Generals would become more able to deal with Napoleon’s style of war. From 1805 to 1815 the Cossack would be involved in even Russian battle and campaign and would earn a fearsome reputation. After Napoleons defeat in Russia in 1812 it was the Cossack who harried the French retreat all the way back to Germany. After the 1813 German campaign, Cossacks left memories of terror imbedded in the minds of the German population that would be rekindled in 1945. 19th Century During the European revolutions of the 1830s and 1840s Cossacks were used extensively to crush uprisings. Tsar Nicolas I used them to crush the Poles in Russian Poland and Cossack regiments were sent into Hungary and Czechoslovakia to aid the Austrians against uprisings. The pistol has a very old crack through the butt [although perfectly sound] that likely occurred during it's working life. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine and Rare Long Barrel Miniature Percussion Muff Pistol A rare third size pocket pistol with carved ivory butt [with hairline crack], and boxlock percussion action, but with a very rare, exceptionaly long, damascus twist barrel. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Caucasian Priming Flask in Silver and Brass. 18th -19th Century. This priming powder flask was used to carry small grain gunpowder. A measured quantity of powder was drawn off by using the spring-loaded pivoting cap on the nozzle.The case is silver and brass nicely tooled and decorated. Firearms became more and more sophisticated during the 16th-century but still required a number of accessories to load and operate them. The main charge, placed in the barrel with the shot, was carried in the powder flask. Smaller priming flasks contained fine-grain powder for priming the pans of wheel-lock firearms. Flasks were attached to a bandolier, a type of sling worn over the shoulder or around the waist, from which hung the various accessories required for a weapon including spanners for the mechanism, measured charges, powder flasks and priming flasks. The flasks were continually used in much the same way right throughout the evolution of the firearm until the 1870's and the development of cartridge taking guns where loose powder was no longer required. Arms and armour are rarely associated with art. However, they were influenced by the same design sources as other art forms including architecture, sculpture, goldsmiths' work, stained glass and ceramics. These sources had to be adapted to awkwardly shaped devices required to perform complicated technical functions. Armour and weapons were collected as works of art as much as military tools. Like the pistols and guns that accompanied them, decorated flasks were costly items. Inlaid firearms and flasks reflected the owners' status and were kept as much for display as for use. Daggers, firearms, gunpowder flasks and stirrups worn with the most expensive clothing projected an image of the fashionable man-at-arms. The most finely crafted items were worn as working jewellery. 4 inches across approx.
A Fine Indo Persian 19th Century Pesh-Kabz Dagger Very well tempered blade of fine quality. With iron handle and traces of light silver inlay. T section re-inforced blade. The straight blade is the more common form in South Asia. In all variants the blade is invariably broad at the hilt, but tapers progressively and radically to a needle-like, triangular tip. Upon striking a coat of mail, this reinforced tip spreads the chain link apart, enabling the rest of the blade to penetrate the armor. One knife authority concluded that the pesh-kabz "as a piece of engineering design could hardly be improved upon for the purpose". During the First and Second Anglo-Afghan wars, the pesh-kabz along with the Afghan knife was frequently the weapon of choice for finishing off wounded British and colonial troops, as the Afghan tribesmen did not take prisoners except for use as hostages. 15.5 inches long 11 inch blade.
A Fine Japanese Tanto With Fully Matching Mounts with Kogai and Kodzuka with a silver Tsuba of a full relief carved hawk spying it's prey. It has a good blade with a super hamon and attractive grain. Cormarant's neck blade shape from the Shinto period. The tanto differs from others Samurai edged weaponry as it was designed primarily as a stabbing instrument, but the edge can be used to slash as well. Tanto first began to appear in the Heian period, however these blades lacked artistic qualities and were purely weapons. In the Early Kamakura period high quality tanto with artistic qualities began to appear, and the famous Yoshimitsu (the greatest tanto maker in Japanese history) began his forging. Tanto production increased greatly around the Muromachi period and then dropped off in the Shinto period. Shinto period tanto are quite rare. Tanto were mostly carried by Samurai; commoners did not generally carry them. Women sometimes carried a small tanto called a kaiken in their obi for self defence.It was sometimes worn as the shoto in place of a wakizashi in a daisho, especially on the battlefield. Before the 16th century it was common for a Samurai to carry a tachi and a tanto as opposed to a katana and a wakizashi.
A Fine O-Sukashi Edo Tsuba In Sentoku, Birds In Flight Bamboo Grove Beautifully carved throughout. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Fine Old Large Ship Model of a British Naval 100 Gunner Ship of the Line A Beautiful George IIIrd model of an unrigged 100 Gunner 'Ship of the Line' such as HMS Victory. In a large glazed case. Most likely mid Victorian. Collection from store only, delivery not available. 36 inches x 17 inches x 23inches [case size]
A Fine Pair of 19th Century Police Handcuffs, from Era of 'Jack The Ripper' Good flattened head key type, made in the late Georgian to early Victorian era from the very beginnings of the British Police service. Excellent working order early open frame key type. A good and fine condition pair of original 'Derby' cuffs used by the 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers', with the traditional rotating spiral key action. The very type that were used, and as can be seen, in all the old films of the White chapel Murders, and Sherlock Holmes' adventures in the gloomy London Fog. Marked warranted wrought
A Fine Victorian G & J W Hawksley Powder Flask A very good copper and brass powder flask for a gun with the oak leaf design incorporating a fox and stag head, the nozzle stamped Drams and graduation values of 2¼, 2½, 2¾ , the nozzle signed G & J. W. Hawksley, slight dent one side at the top of the body, and in working order. Overall 8 by 3½ inches. See THE POWDER FLASK BOOK, Ray Riling page 315 fig 580. Riling says in the book that the flask illustrated as fig 580 was made by Hawksley for Barton of New York and implies that this was an exclusive design to them and does not mention having seen one marked Hawksley which might suggest that this is rare.
A Fine Volume Of The Life of General Monk, Duke of Albemarle 2nd Edit. 1724 Publishd from an Original Manuscript of Thomas Skinner. M. D. ; with a Preface in Vindication of General Monks Conduct; and Giving Some Account of the Manuscript by William WebsterPublisher: London : Printed For J. Graves: J. Isted And J. Hooke, Published in 1724 binding in hardcover. George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician and a key figure in the Restoration of Charles II. During the operations on the Scottish border in the Bishops' Wars (1639–1640) he showed his skill and coolness in the dispositions by which he saved the English artillery at the Battle of Newburn (1640). At the outbreak of the Irish rebellion (1641) Monck became colonel of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester's regiment under the command of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde. All the qualities for which he was noted through life—his talent for making himself indispensable, his imperturbable temper and his impenetrable secrecy—were fully displayed in this post. The governorship of Dublin stood vacant, and Leicester recommended Monck. However, Charles I overruled the appointment in favour of Charles Lambart, 1st Earl of Cavan, and Monck surrendered the appointment without protest. James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde viewed him with suspicion as one of two officers who refused to take the oath to support the Royal cause in England and sent him under guard to Bristol. Monck justified himself to Charles I in person, and his astute criticisms of the conduct of the Irish war impressed the king, who gave him a command in the army brought over from Ireland during the English Civil War.Taken prisoner by Parliament's Northern Association Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron at the Battle of Nantwich in January 1644, he spent the next two years in the Tower of London. He spent his imprisonment writing his Observations on Military and Political Affairs Monck's experience in Ireland led to his release. He was made major general in the army sent by Parliament against Irish rebels. Making a distinction (like other soldiers of the time) between fighting the Irish and taking arms against the king, he accepted the offer and swore loyalty to the Parliamentary cause. He made little headway against the Irish led by Owen Roe O'Neill and concluded an armistice (called then a "convention") with the rebel leaders upon terms which he knew the Parliament would not ratify. The convention was a military expedient to deal with a military necessity. When in February 1649 Scotland proclaimed Charles, Prince of Wales, as Charles II, King of Scotland, the Protestant Ulster Scots settlers did the same and following Charles's lead took the Solemn League and Covenant. Most of Monck's army went over to the Royalist cause, placing themselves under the command of Hugh Montgomery, 1st Earl of Mount Alexander. Monck himself remained faithful to Parliament and returned to England. Although Parliament disavowed the terms of the truce, no blame was attached to Monck's recognition of military necessity.He next fought at Oliver Cromwell's side in Scotland at the 1650 Battle of Dunbar, a resounding Roundhead victory. Made commander-in-chief in Scotland by Cromwell, Monck completed the subjugation of the country. In February 1652 Monck left Scotland to recover his broken health at Bath, and in November of the same year he became a General at Sea in the First Anglo-Dutch War, which ended in a decisive victory for the Commonwealth's fleet and marked the beginning of England's climb to supremacy over the Dutch at sea. On his return to shore Monck married Anne Radford (née Clarges).In 1653 he was nominated one of the representatives for Devon in Barebone's Parliament. He returned to Scotland, methodically beating down a Royalist insurrection in the Highlands. At Cromwell's request, Monck remained in Scotland as governor During the confusion which followed Cromwell's death on 3 September 1658, Monck remained silent and watchful at Edinburgh, careful only to secure his hold on his troops. At first he contemplated armed support of Richard Cromwell, but on realising the young man's incapacity for government, he gave up this idea and renewed his waiting policy. In July 1659 direct and tempting proposals were again made to him by the future Charles II. Monck was elected Member of Parliament for both Devon and Cambridge University in the Convention Parliament of 1660. Though he protested his adherence to republican principles, it was a matter of common knowledge that the parliament would have a strong Royalist colour. Monck himself, in communication with Charles II, accepted the latter's Declaration of Breda of 4 April 1660, which was largely based on Monck's recommendations. On 1 May the newly convened Convention Parliament formally invited Charles, as King Charles II, to be the English monarch in what has become known as the Restoration
A Fine, Kentucky Pattern Rifle By Charles Osborne of London A beautiful light rifle made for the burgeoning American market in the 1840's. A Kentucky pattern rifle with the usual fancy patch box, elongated trigger guard and a browned damascus twist barrel, platinum safety breech plug . This is a very charming and beautiful long gun with very nice quality features, and absolutely typical of a traditional Kentucky or Pensylvania Rifle, but around twenty percent lighter than usual, likely for ease of aiming while shooting on horseback. British gunmakers had been supplying the American market, just as the British blade makers had, since the very earliest days of the Pilgrim settlers. It is likely that over 80% of all the arms used in the Revolutionary war were British, and a vast percentage of the infantry guns used in the American Civil War were made at Enfield in England. Makers such as Ketland even had members of their family emigrate to the Americas in order to maintain supply to this highly lucrative market, as, although there were many fine American makers, demand for good quality arms was always usually higher than the local producers could supply.
A Flintlock Holster Pistol by Ketland & Co, Circa 1780. Possibly American made with typical American plainer mounts and non proved barrel. Ketland & Co. Lock. With round steel barrel, flat lock plate signed ‘Ketland & Co’ figured walnut full-stock decorated with plain barrel tang and completed with plain engraved brass mounts comprising long-eared butt cap, open pierced side plate, steel belt hook, trigger guard with acorn finial, turned ramrod pipes, and oval escutcheon at the wrist. Ketland [1740-1804] William Ketland, Sr., established a gunsmithy at Birmingham in 1740, and after his death his eldest grandson, William Ketland, carried on the business until his death in 1804. During this period they operated under the name of Ketland & Co. It is not definitely known when they opened the London shop but it is believed to be about 1760, and were one of the first birmingham gunmakers to compete with London gunmakers of fine workmanship. The Ketlands arms mark later developed into the Birmingham Proof Mark. William Ketland II's brother-in-law, Thomas Izon continued to operate the company under the name Ketland & Co. until 1831, when they got into financial difficulties and the firm ceased operations. William Ketland, Sr., had two other grandsons, Thomas and John Ketland, both gunsmiths who worked on a co-operative basis with William Ketland under the name Ketland & Co. However, Thomas and John emigrated foto the USA in 1780. A number of American Kentucky rifles had Ketland & Co locks.
A Framed Piece of Crashed Zeppelin L32 With Note From Lt Sowrey RFC L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. The first Zeppelin shot down over England in WW1. L32 is also, the Zeppelin immortalised in the fantastic 1930 film 'Hells Angels', and then again in 'Flyboys', which just copies pretty much the entire Zeppelin dogfight scene from Hells Angels L.32 moved from Nordholz to Ahlhorn on September 19 1916 It departed from Ahlhorn on Sept. 23 before it was shot down. This piece of the Zeppelin L32 was mounted with note signed by Lt. Sowrey Royal Flying Corps The Zeppelin L32 was the first genuine German Zeppelin shot down over England during the First World War, early on the morning of 24 September 1916. A few weeks earlier, on 3 September, the very first German airship was shot down over London, the Schutte-Lanz SL11 (although it was not a Zeppelin, it was commonly referred to as one). L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. All 22 members of the crew of were killed. Most died due to the flames, but some, including the airship's commander, Werner Peterson, chose to jump to their deaths. The crew was initially buried at Great Burstead until their remains were moved, together with those of the crews of SL11, L31 and L48, to be reinterred at Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery in Staffordshire in the 1960s. Minutes after the L32 crashed, the Zeppelin L33 crash landed at New Hall Farm, Little Wigborough, also in Essex. The crew of L33 survived and became prisoners of war. Pieces of airships, especially Zeppelins, were a very popular souvenir in England. People travelled considerable distances to view the crash sites and purchase, or scavenge for pieces of the wreckages. At the site of the crash of SL11 pieces of the wreckage were sold by the Red Cross to raise money for wounded soldiers. L31 was Shot down at Potters Bar On Oct. Ist 1916. While Michael MacDonagh had been clearing his desk shortly before leaving the office the night before, Wulstan Joseph Tempest, a 2nd Lieutenant in the 39th Home Defence Squadron protecting London from German air raids, started out on patrol from Hornchurch aerodrome. Word came through that eleven German Zeppelins had been sighted heading for London. Lieutenant Tempest (on the right of the picture) decided to ignore orders to patrol the Thames and decided instead to climb higher to where the airships normally flew. At that point one of the Zeppelin, identified as L-31, was picked out by searchlights. The crew of Lieutenant Mathy's airship tried to escape the beams, but without success. Lieutenant Tempest was flying higher and faster than the Zeppelin and was able to close in and despatch a succession of incendiary bullets into its massive frame, setting it alight. As the giant airship began to lose height and the flames took hold, some of Lieutenant Mathy's crew were seen to jump from the Zeppelin as it fell to the ground. An account of the crash by a witness was described as follows; "I saw high in the sky a concentrated blaze of searchlights, and in its centre, a ruddy glow, which rapidly spread into the outline of a blazing airship. "Then the searchlights were turned off and the Zeppelin drifted perpendicularly in the darkened sky, a gigantic pyramid of flames, red and orange, like a ruined star falling slowly to earth. "Its glare lit up the streets and gave a ruddy tint, even to the waters of the Thames. "The spectacle lasted two or three minutes. It was so horribly fascinating that I felt spellbound - almost suffocated with emotion, ready hysterically to laugh or cry. "When, at last, the doomed airship vanished from sight, there arose a shout the like of which I never heard in London before -- a swelling shout, that appeared to be rising from all parts of the metropolis, ever increasing in force and intensity." Frederick Sowrey was one of three sons of John Sowrey, Deputy Chief Inspector of Inland Revenue. Young Frederick was home schooled until he was thirteen. He then won a scholarship to King's College School, Wimbledon. He earned a BS degree there, and was completing his graduate study when World War I began. He immediately volunteered for military service; on 31 August 1914 he was appointed as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers. He went to France as an infantry officer, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos in 1915. After three months in hospital, he was invalided out, turned around, and joined the Royal Flying Corps in December 1915. He was posted to 39 Squadron on 17 June 1916; he was duly appointed a Flying Officer.It was during this assignment that he scored his first and most notable victory. On the evening of 23 September 1916, Second Lieutenant Sowrey launched from Sutton Farm at 2330 hours in a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c to patrol toward Joyce Green. Flying at 13,000 feet, he spotted Zeppelin L32 at about 0110 hours and closed with it. He fired three drums of incendiary ammunition into the belly of the gasbag before it exploded into flame. There were no survivors from the aircrew; most of the bodies recovered were charred and burned. The burning wreckage at Billericay drew enormous crowds.Sowrey received the Distinguished Service Order for his feat,which was gazetted on 4 October 1916. That same day, Temporary Second Lieutenant Sowrey was nominated for a regular commission in the Fusiliers. Shortly thereafter, on 1 December 1916, he was appointed a Flight Commander with the accompanying rank of Temporary Captain. Sometime in late 1916, he transferred to 37 Home Defence Squadron. Sowrey went on liaison duty to France, and while there transferred to 19 Squadron on 14 June 1917 and resumed his success in combat. In the four months between 17 June and 15 October 1917, he scored a dozen times, both by himself and teamed with aces Alexander Pentland, John Candy, and Richard Alexander Hewat, as well as three other pilots. His final summary for the twelve victories other than the L32 tallied six enemy airplanes destroyed and six driven down out of control. On 1 January 1918, Sowrey was promoted from Flight Commander to Squadron Leader; this meant that Second Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Frederick Sowrey was now a Temporary Major. On 4 April 1918, he was finally promoted from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant.He assumed command of 143 Squadron until war's end
A Framed Piece of Crashed Zeppelin L32 With Note From Lt Sowrey RFC L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. The first Zeppelin shot down over England in WW1. L32 is also, the Zeppelin immortalised in the fantastic 1930 film 'Hells Angels', and then again in 'Flyboys', which just copies pretty much the entire Zeppelin dogfight scene from Hells Angels L.32 moved from Nordholz to Ahlhorn on September 19 1916 It departed from Ahlhorn on Sept. 23 before it was shot down. This piece of the Zeppelin L32 was mounted with note signed by Lt. Sowrey Royal Flying Corps The Zeppelin L32 was the first genuine German Zeppelin shot down over England during the First World War, early on the morning of 24 September 1916. A few weeks earlier, on 3 September, the very first German airship was shot down over London, the Schutte-Lanz SL11 (although it was not a Zeppelin, it was commonly referred to as one). L32 was shot down by Second Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey and crashed in flames at Great Burstead, near Billericay in Essex. All 22 members of the crew of were killed. Most died due to the flames, but some, including the airship's commander, Werner Peterson, chose to jump to their deaths. The crew was initially buried at Great Burstead until their remains were moved, together with those of the crews of SL11, L31 and L48, to be reinterred at Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery in Staffordshire in the 1960s. Minutes after the L32 crashed, the Zeppelin L33 crash landed at New Hall Farm, Little Wigborough, also in Essex. The crew of L33 survived and became prisoners of war. Pieces of airships, especially Zeppelins, were a very popular souvenir in England. People travelled considerable distances to view the crash sites and purchase, or scavenge for pieces of the wreckages. At the site of the crash of SL11 pieces of the wreckage were sold by the Red Cross to raise money for wounded soldiers. L31 was Shot down at Potters Bar On Oct. Ist 1916. While Michael MacDonagh had been clearing his desk shortly before leaving the office the night before, Wulstan Joseph Tempest, a 2nd Lieutenant in the 39th Home Defence Squadron protecting London from German air raids, started out on patrol from Hornchurch aerodrome. Word came through that eleven German Zeppelins had been sighted heading for London. Lieutenant Tempest (on the right of the picture) decided to ignore orders to patrol the Thames and decided instead to climb higher to where the airships normally flew. At that point one of the Zeppelin, identified as L-31, was picked out by searchlights. The crew of Lieutenant Mathy's airship tried to escape the beams, but without success. Lieutenant Tempest was flying higher and faster than the Zeppelin and was able to close in and despatch a succession of incendiary bullets into its massive frame, setting it alight. As the giant airship began to lose height and the flames took hold, some of Lieutenant Mathy's crew were seen to jump from the Zeppelin as it fell to the ground. An account of the crash by a witness was described as follows; "I saw high in the sky a concentrated blaze of searchlights, and in its centre, a ruddy glow, which rapidly spread into the outline of a blazing airship. "Then the searchlights were turned off and the Zeppelin drifted perpendicularly in the darkened sky, a gigantic pyramid of flames, red and orange, like a ruined star falling slowly to earth. "Its glare lit up the streets and gave a ruddy tint, even to the waters of the Thames. "The spectacle lasted two or three minutes. It was so horribly fascinating that I felt spellbound - almost suffocated with emotion, ready hysterically to laugh or cry. "When, at last, the doomed airship vanished from sight, there arose a shout the like of which I never heard in London before -- a swelling shout, that appeared to be rising from all parts of the metropolis, ever increasing in force and intensity." Frederick Sowrey was one of three sons of John Sowrey, Deputy Chief Inspector of Inland Revenue. Young Frederick was home schooled until he was thirteen. He then won a scholarship to King's College School, Wimbledon. He earned a BS degree there, and was completing his graduate study when World War I began. He immediately volunteered for military service; on 31 August 1914 he was appointed as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers. He went to France as an infantry officer, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos in 1915. After three months in hospital, he was invalided out, turned around, and joined the Royal Flying Corps in December 1915. He was posted to 39 Squadron on 17 June 1916; he was duly appointed a Flying Officer.It was during this assignment that he scored his first and most notable victory. On the evening of 23 September 1916, Second Lieutenant Sowrey launched from Sutton Farm at 2330 hours in a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c to patrol toward Joyce Green. Flying at 13,000 feet, he spotted Zeppelin L32 at about 0110 hours and closed with it. He fired three drums of incendiary ammunition into the belly of the gasbag before it exploded into flame. There were no survivors from the aircrew; most of the bodies recovered were charred and burned. The burning wreckage at Billericay drew enormous crowds.Sowrey received the Distinguished Service Order for his feat,which was gazetted on 4 October 1916. That same day, Temporary Second Lieutenant Sowrey was nominated for a regular commission in the Fusiliers. Shortly thereafter, on 1 December 1916, he was appointed a Flight Commander with the accompanying rank of Temporary Captain. Sometime in late 1916, he transferred to 37 Home Defence Squadron. Sowrey went on liaison duty to France, and while there transferred to 19 Squadron on 14 June 1917 and resumed his success in combat. In the four months between 17 June and 15 October 1917, he scored a dozen times, both by himself and teamed with aces Alexander Pentland, John Candy, and Richard Alexander Hewat, as well as three other pilots. His final summary for the twelve victories other than the L32 tallied six enemy airplanes destroyed and six driven down out of control. On 1 January 1918, Sowrey was promoted from Flight Commander to Squadron Leader; this meant that Second Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Frederick Sowrey was now a Temporary Major. On 4 April 1918, he was finally promoted from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant.He assumed command of 143 Squadron until war's end
A French 19th Century Cup Hilt Long Rapier By Coulaux Freres Klingenthal A superb duelling sword with a light and elegant blade. With typical large cup bowl guard, long quillons, single knuckle bow guard and twisted wire bound grip. Ovoid pommel. Triple edged blade with armour piercing long spear point. In France, duelling was common but by the 19th Century, French duels were rarely fatal as most were performed with swords and would stop when blood was drawn rather than continue to the death. France also provided some of the most peculiarly inventive duels. In 1808, two French duellers fought in air balloons; one shot the other’s balloon out, resulting in the death of both the opponent and his second. In 1843, two French duellers threw billiard balls at each other. In England and America most duels were with pistols or small swords, however, in Germany and France, the earlier style longer rapiers were much more popular. In England in 1712, the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Mohun were at odds over a lawsuit brought by Hamilton against Mohun that was still pending after 11 years. Hamilton remarked to a court officer that a witness for Mohun was not partial to truth and justice. Mohun retorted that the witness had as much truth and justice as Hamilton. Later, Mohun challenged Hamilton to a duel. The latter accepted. On November 15, 1712, they fought with swords. Mohun died on the ground, Hamilton died as his servants carried him away and the lawsuit died with them. According to writer Stephen Bands, there were “at least 277 fatalities in British duels between 1785 and 1844 but these homicides resulted in the capital sentence being carried out on only one perpetrator of a duelling fatality, the unfortunate Major Campbell who was executed in Ireland in 1808.” The reason Campbell hanged was that his duel with Captain Boyd observed none of the usual conventions of duelling such as including seconds and deciding in advance on specific conditions of the duel. Banks writes that it was “hurriedly fought in a locked room,” which gave it the appearance of a fatal brawl. While the precise origins of duelling are unclear, it became common in the late medieval and early modern periods in Europe. It was originally a practice of the nobility that later filtered down to other class groups. Duelling was widely practiced in England, Ireland, France, Italy, Germany, Russia and other countries. In medieval times, duelling was often thought of as a kind of “judicial combat” in which God would ensure the winner was the man in the right. 34" blade, 43" overall
A French Brass-Mounted Horn Powder-Flask Attributed To Nicolas Boutet A rare 18th century French flask with a most unusual fold down nozzle system. With large rounded lanthorn body (minor damage) flattened on the back, with shaped top mount and folding swelling nozzle, reeded brass medial mount, and rings for suspension High. For an almost identical example mounted in silver see Herbert G. Houze, The Sumptuous Flaske, 1989, pp. 116-117 (illustrated). Nicolas Noel Boutet was one of the world's greatest gunsmiths, and he made guns for most of the crowned heads of Europe, including Napoleon Bonaparte.
A French Gladius Short Sword Circa 1830 This pattern of Gladius [named after it's direct original version, the ancient Roman sword used by the Roman Empire for hundreds of years] was made and used in France from the 1830's till the 1850's. Many were sold in the early 1860's to the US in order to supply their desperate need for arms for the Civil War. The US in fact found this pattern sword so effective it directly copied the French gladius sword, and made their own [slightly differrent version with an Eagle decorated pommel] for use by the US foot. In it's scabbard, leather rucked.
A French Napoleonic Light Cavalry a la Chasseur, & Hussar Officer's Sabre With deluxe Damascus blade. A fabulous French 1st Empire Sword in very nice condition. Used in the great Napoleonic eras, from earliest Napoleonic period to the Empire, the March on Moscow [with the Grande Armee], the War of the Iberian Peninsular, and finally Waterloo. Lion's head pommel leather bound grip, single bar brass guard, Damascus steel blade with etching of crescent moon, and mystical symbols, as were popular within certain higher levels of French officers. It has a brass combat scabbard with reinforced steel drag maker marked AB. Highly evocative of the last great era of French victorious military might created by Napoleon, but was ultimately lost [and never repeated] after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. These are a few of the battles the Regt. Chasseur-a-Cheval took part during the latter part of the Napoleonic wars;1812: Passage of the Niemen, Vitepsk, Krasnoe, Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, and le Beresina 1813: Katzbach, Wachau, Leipzig, and Glogau 1814: Montmirail and Arcis-sur-Aube 1815: Ligny and Waterloo. Originally a mixed corps of light infantry and horsemen, this force proved sufficiently effective to warrant the creation of a single corps: Dragoons-chasseurs de Conflans. In 1788 six dragoon regiments were converted to Chasseurs à cheval and during the period of the Revolutionary Wars the number was again increased, to twenty-five. Both Napoleon's Imperial Guard and the Royal Guard of the Restoration each included a regiment of Chasseurs à cheval. In addition Napoleon added a further five line regiments to those inherited from the Revolutionary period. The Chasseurs did, however, take part in Napoleon's triumphal entry into Berlin. At Eylau (8 February 1807) the regiment took part in Murat's great charge of 80 squadrons, which relieved the pressure on the French centre at the crisis of the battle. Seventeen of the officers were hit. In addition Dahlmann was mortally wounded. He had recently been promoted general (30 December 1806), but having no command he asked to be allowed to lead his old regiment and fell at their head. Major Guyot commanded the regiment for the rest of the year, and Thiry was also promoted major (16 Febr] The scabbard has a dent below the mid section.
A French Original Art Deco Cigarette Case With Eiffel Tower Airship Scene Case bears a silver plaque of Santos Dumont who flew his dirigible around the Eiffel tower and back to St Cloud in 1901 winning the Deutsch prize for the first flight around the Tower. His was the first lighter than air dirigible that had controlled fight even before Count Zeppelin was successful with his machines. He was celebrated in France and all over the world for his first controlled flight. The silver placque will mpolish up nicely but we have left it black for contrast against the plated case.
A George IIIrd Campaign Sheffield Plate Candelabra of Col. 10th Hussars We acquired this stunning campaign, Sheffield silver plated candeladra, with a yataghan sword, used by a former Colonel of the 10th Hussars throughout his campaigning years in the army. The Sheffield plating has wear on all the dominant edges and this is referred to as copper bleeding. It is actually a traditional good sign of orginality, as it shows it is early Sheffield hammered onto a copper base, not the later modern electrotype of plate, usually on nickle or brass. The use of "sheffield plate" began in 1742 when Thomas Boulsover, a Sheffield cutler (bladesmith), discovered that a sheet of silver fused to a piece of copper could then be rolled or hammered out without fracturing the bond. This made possible the use of "plated" base metal, which appeared, outwardly, to be silver, but as the silver "skin" could be only a small proportion of the gauge of the metal the saving in expense was considerable and objects made from the product looked exactly like sterling silver, because the applied 'plate' was indeed sterling. Boulsover's idea was exploited in Sheffield, first by Joseph Hancock from 1755 onwards and Matthew Boulton, one of the greatest and successful manufacturers of his age. This candelabra from the early 1800's and the reign of King George IIIrd was use allegedly by Capt Wood during his campaign. It disassembles into several smaller pieces and would likely have fitted into a wooden, leather bound travelling case for use in military campaigns around the Empire. It may well have been used originally by an ancestor in the Napoleonic wars era. His medals were sold in auction some 10 years ago. Manners Charles Wood was born on 20 January 1852. He was appointed as Ensign to the 44th Foot on 1 September 1869, but was transferred on the same day to the 66th Foot, becoming Lieutenant in October 1871. He transferred to the 10th Hussars on 15 April 1874, and joined the regiment in India. In 1876 he was selected for escort duty with the Prince of Wales during his visit to India, and was given a silver commemorative medal struck on that occasion. Promoted to Captain on 2 February 1878, Manners Wood accompanied the regiment from Rawal Pindi in the Afghan campaign of 1878-79, and commanded “B” Troop at Fattehabad on the 2nd April 1879, in which action he was wounded, and his life saved by a brother officer, in an incident reported on the front page of the Illustrated London News, published on 17 May 1879. ‘Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher dismounted with most of the men, leaving as few as possible to hold the horses and advanced up the hill in skirmishing order, to dislodge the enemy, who were firing upon them from their strong position. On approaching the top, Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher, who were well in front, noticed a Ghazi, lying on the ground, pointing his jezail at them. He was a typical hillman, of powerful build. Having fired and missed, he jumped to his feet, and rushed at Captain Wood, whose sword was of little use against the long jezail and impetuous rush of the Afghan. He was brought to his knees, and his fanatical assailant, discarding his firearm, with a ponderous knife made a cut at his head, which clove his helmet in two, but, fortunately, did not do more than inflict a slight wound. ‘As Captain Wood lay on the ground, at the mercy of the Afghan, Lieutenant Fisher rushed at the Ghazi, and felled him with the butt end of a carbine which he was carrying and Private Hackett, who had by this time come up with other men of the Troop, gave him the coup-de-grace with his sword. The Troop now fired two volleys into the enemy, which completely dispersed them, and Captain Wood took his men back to Fattehabad. The casualties in the Troop were seven men wounded, one horse killed, eleven wounded, and one missing.’ Captain Wood served with the regiment throughout the remainder of the war, and accompanied it during the march of pestilence to Rawal Pindi, when so many Tenth Hussars died of cholera. He became Major in April 1882, and Lieutenant-Colonel in August 1892, on taking command of the 10th Hussars. The regiment served in Ireland throughout the 4 years of his command. He became Brevet Colonel in August 1896, and retired on 5 April 1899. Wood was almost immediately recalled on the outbreak of the war in South Africa, and was appointed a Special Service Officer with the Rhodesian Field Force. He was afterwards in command of the troops in Rhodesia, from 7th January to 21st June 1901, graded as a Colonel on the Staff. He again left the Army, leading a very active life, and later became a Colonel in the Army Cadet Force. For his services with the Cadets, he received the 1935 Silver Jubilee medal, at the age of 83. Colonel Manners Wood died at Camberley on 12 September 1941, aged 89.
A George IIIrd Carved Ivory Dog's Head 'Blue and Gilt' Bladed Sword Stick A most beautiful carved ivory dog's head with glass bead eyes. An elegant wedge shaped, single edged, blue and gilt blade. Good bamboo haft with a very nice amber patina. This very charming fine and elegant stick has spent two whole days [with no expense spared] in our conservator's workshop, removing paint splatters to the hilt, and attending to the bamboo finish. It now looks just as it once did, but with all it's natural aged patina restored Blade 1cm across 35 inches long overall. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick.
A German Extra Long Mauser WW1 Pattern 1898, "Neuer Art" Sword Bayonet Regimentally marked to a German Ersatz Infantry battalion. It was a German response to the long French 1886 Lebel bayonet. Manufactured from 1902 to about 1917. This is a most lengthy bayonet, and most scarcely seen compared to the shorter, German WW1 so-called 'butcher' bayonet. Slight shrinkage to the scabbard leather. Very nicely Imperial inspector marked, dated 1906. Used from the very beginning of WW1 right through to the German surrender in 1918. Rarely seen and very desirable to collectors of good early German bayonets. For the German, close combat and trench warfare 'Shock Troop', this was a very sought after weapon in the his armoury. With it affixed to his Mauser Gew 98 rifle, he had a considerably longer reach than his British, French or Belgian counterpart, and standing in his trench, defending from attack from above, his reach was as long as a spear and deadly to an advancing Tommy. Full length 26.5 inches. Blade 20.25 inches long. 6 inches longer than the German Butcher bayonet.
A German Pre WW2 Luftwaffe K98 Bayonet Frog Luftwaffe brown. By Schuler of Hamburg 1935. Numerous stamps including Flieger???.
A German Sudetanland Medal. Awarded to those who took part in the entry of the Sudetanland on 1st October 1938. On September 29, Hitler met Daladier, Chamberlain and Mussolini in Munich where all four leaders signed the Munich Agreement ceding the Sudetenland to Germany. The Czechoslovak government capitulated September 30 and agreed to abide by the agreement. The Sudetenland was occupied by Germany between October 1 and October 10, 1938. This unification with the Third Reich was followed by the flight and forcible expulsion of the region's Czech population to the remaining parts of Czechoslovakia, which were subsequently invaded and annexed by Germany in March 1939.
A German WW1 Fire Service Pickelhaub Helmet With the Imperial German garter star, as used by the German Guarde du Corps and foot guards. Leather skull, brass star, leather chinstrap peak and neck guard. Maker marked on the inner helmet disc. Stitching apart at the peak and strap broken at the midsection. An unusual helmet, scarcely seen, as very few were brought back as souvenirs after WW1.
A German WW1 Trench Warfare German Egg Grenade In cast iron. This is an excellent example of the German "Egg" grenade introduced early in 1917 as a lightweight more portable longer range alternative to the Kugel and Stick grenades. Development started in late 1916 which lead to the introduction of the cast iron "Egg" grenade, Mle.1917. It was loaded with black powder, or other explosive fillers. The average soldier could be expected to reach distances of over 40 meters, which meant the Eierhandgranate could be used in an offensive role as well as defensive. This is the later model with the central band, the body is in superb condition with clear markings on the base Inert and safe but not suitable to export
A German WW1 Trench Warfare German Egg Grenade With Pull. In cast iron. This is an excellent example of the German "Egg" grenade introduced early in 1917 as a lightweight more portable longer range alternative to the Kugel and Stick grenades. Development started in late 1916 which lead to the introduction of the cast iron "Egg" grenade, Mle.1917. It was loaded with black powder, or other explosive fillers. The average soldier could be expected to reach distances of over 40 meters, which meant the Eierhandgranate could be used in an offensive role as well as defensive. This is the later model with the central band, the body is in superb condition with clear markings on the base Inert and safe but not suitable to export
A German WW1, 1 Pounder Enlarged Maxim Shell Dated 1904 A superb shell head fully stamped and marked. Hiram Maxim originally designed the Pom-Pom in the late 1880s as an enlarged version of the Maxim machine gun. This shell was made in Germany at Karlsruhe Patronenenwerks. This is very similar to the British 1902 Mk1 shell, replaced in 1914 with the common shell, with explosive head. Although a British made and designed gun a version was produced in Germany for both the Navy and Army. In World War I, it was used in Europe as an anti-aircraft gun as the Maxim Flak M14. Four guns were used mounted on field carriages in the German campaign in South West Africa in 1915, against South African forces
A German WW2 1933 SA Dagger, Gruppe Niederrhein by Christianswerk Solingen. The earliest anodised scabbard model made in 1933 with the hilt crossguard stamped Nrh [SA der NSDAP Gruppe Niederrhein] made by rare maker, Gebruder Christian Werk Solingen. Part of the Niederrhein-Westfalen state, where Hitler spoke the day before he initiated the SA purge known as the Night of Long Knives. Excellent near blade with traditional motto 'Alles Fur Deutchland' and most original crossgraining remaining, and a couple of small edge nicks. Very good hilt and scabbard with German silver fittings and anodised finish to the scabbard, with just some old corrosion to the anodising. This dagger was used by one of Hitler's earliest 'Old Guard' 'Brownshirt' Stormtroopers. The original leader of the SA was Ernst Röhm, one of Hitler's most loyal and faithful of followers. However, due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Röhm [that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himler, leader of the SS] Rohm, alongside his senior staff, was executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'. When provided with 'evidence' of Röhm's conspiracy Hitler initially refused to believe the dossier provided by Himler's protégé, Heydrich, as he had liked Röhm and allways believed him loyal. Röhm had been one of his first supporters and, without his ability to obtain army funds in the early days of the movement, it is unlikely that the Nazis would have ever become established. The SA under Röhm's leadership had also played a vital role in destroying the opposition during the elections of 1932 and 1933. However, Adolf Hitler had his own reasons for wanting Röhm removed. Powerful supporters of Hitler had been complaining about Röhm for some time. The generals were fearful due to knowing Röhm's desire to have the SA, a force of over 3 million men, absorb the much smaller German Army into its ranks under his leadership. Further, reports of a huge cache of weapons in the hands of SA members, gave the army commanders even more concern. Industrialists, who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Röhm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place. Matters came to a head in June 1934 when President von Hindenburg, who had the complete loyalty of the Army, informed Hitler that if he didn't move to curb the SA then Hindenburg would dissolve the Government and declare martial law. Very good earliest manufacture SA daggers are now very difficult to find, and good examples [not to be confused with the later war, 1941/2 poorer quality versions] have been increasing in value by leaps and bounds over the past couple of years or so. His organization, the SA [Sturmabeitlung] continued, but was from then on subordinate to Himler's SS, where before it was superior to the SS.
A German WW2 Breast Eagle Coastal Artillery BeVo Breast Eagle Green ground with yellow eagle. A nice original Kriegsmarine yellow example.
A German WW2 Certificate For the Family of A Killed Soldier in Luftwaffe Of Jager Karl Muller 22nd January 1943. Signed by his officer, the Hauptmann und Kommander.
A German WW2 High Seas Fleet Award Good condition, maker marked, pin lacking. High Seas Fleet Badge (German: Das Flottenkriegsabzeichen) is a German military decoration (worn on the lower part of the left breast pocket of the naval service tunic, underneath the 1st class Iron Cross if awarded, or equivalent grade) awarded for service to the crews of the High Seas Fleet, mainly of the battleships and cruisers, but also those ships that supported them operationally for which there was no other award given. Required qualifications included e.g. active duty on 1 or more 12 week cruises, wounds or sinking in action. Although the award was instituted in April 1941, it could be awarded for actions that took place prior to this date and could highlight the struggle against the British fleet.To be eligible to receive the badge one must have twelve weeks service on a battleship or cruiser, with proof of distinction and good conduct. The number of weeks were reduced if one of these conditions were met: If the recipient was wounded or killed during the voyage. Outstanding achievements in an engagement. If the cruise was successful. Individual's ship was sunk in action. (Bismarck, Admiral Graf Spee, Blücher) For participation in “Rawalpindi” and “Jan Mayen”. All crew members of the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau received the award in view of the operational effectiveness of the ships. To every sailor who was present on the Tirpitz when it was bombed and sunk by the British R.A.F. in Tromsö Fjord on November 12th, 1944.
A German WW2 Infantry Combat Assault Clasp Award Silver grade. Silver plate over metal. A k98 Rifle affixed to a wreath of oak leaves. The Infantry Assault Badge was a German war badge awarded to Waffen SS and Wehrmacht Heer soldiers during WWII. This decoration was instituted on December 20th 1939 by the Oberstbefehlshaber des Heeres, Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch. It could be awarded to members of non-motorized Infantry units and units of the Gebirgsjäger that had participated in Infantry assaults, with light Infantry weapons, on at least three days of battle in the front line as from January 1st 1940. When a counter offensive led to fighting at short distance, it could also apply. Award of the Infanterie Sturmabzeichen was authorized at regimental command level or above. The first two awards were given to an officer and a enlisted soldier on a special occasion on May 28th 1940, by von Brauchitsch himself. Photo in the gallery of SS Sturmbannfuhrer Otto Weidinger wearing , amongst his other decorations, his same Infantry Assault Badge.
A German WW2 Messerschmitt Fighter Canon Shell From A ME109, ME262, ME110 A fabulous but very scarcely seen original, unfired, 20mm cannon shell from a WW2 German fighter plane. All of the Messerschmitts including the jet, the ME262. About the best, original 3rd Reich, small conversational piece, money can buy today. All of the Messerschmitts including the jet, the ME262. High explosive head. Inert, safe and deactivated. Not suitable for export.
A German WW2 Type 38 Bomb Fuze From an Unexploded Ship Bomb An incredible piece of history and highly evocative item and a fabulous souvenir of the London Blitz. With full waffenamt markings of the Luftwaffe, marked ELAZ [electric fuse] 38 [for the 50 to 2500kg bombs]. Batch 14d, an anti Ship bomb to penetrate ship armour or submaring hulls. Dated 1942. Made by bmv. The Wartime Bomb Disposal Organisation was created in the early part of the war to combat the unexploded ordnance dropping throughout England.In September 1939 the First Steps were made for the setting of priorities. In the beginning there were many conferences and meetings between The Home Office and The War Office as to who would be responsible for the disposal of unexploded bombs and missiles.It was agreed that the Armed Services should be responsible for all unexploded ordnance (UXO). The Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force would be responsible for UXO on their property and installations whilst the Army would be responsible for UXO on their property and installations plus all civilian areas. In the early days of Bomb Disposal, the responsibility of UXO of RAF property rested with the Armament personnel on nominated "X" Stations. Some primitive equipment and instruction was available for the purpose of these "X" Stations. The nominated personnel were known as "X" Station Demolition Squads and consisted of three Armament personnel of Senior Non Commissioned or Junior Non Commissioned Rank. At the time the "X" Squads were operating, there was little information available on German bombs and bomb components or even other types of enemy ammunition. The procedure followed by the "X" squads was to uncover or recover German bombs, unscrew the locking ring holding the electrical fuze and remove the fuze. The bomb was then demolished in situ or transported to a safe site for disposal later. One schematic in the gallery of a No 15 Fuze. In the centre is a sectioned drawing of a N0 15 Fuze The fuze however was sent post haste to BD Headquarters for examination and dismantling to find a method of immunisation. Once a method for a particular fuze was determined and the necessary equipment manufactured it was sent to all squads with instructions and correct procedures for its use in dealing with that particular type of fuze. 17 Th October 1939 first German bombs dropped in Hoy in the Orkney's, that failed to explode they were all 50Kg and were fuzed with the simple impact fuze type(15) which could be rendered safe using a crabtree discharger, a device that shorted out the electrical charge,contained in capacitors inside the fuze. Not suitable for export
A German WW2 Uniform Shoulder board With Dark Red Piping On field grey cloth in good overall condition
A German WW2 War Merit Cross Medal With Swords This award was created by German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1939 as a successor to the non-combatant Iron Cross which was used in earlier wars (same medal but with a different ribbon). The award was graded the same as the Iron Cross: War Merit Cross Second Class, War Merit Cross First Class, and Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross. The award had two variants: with swords given to soldiers for exceptional service in battle above and beyond the call of duty. One notable winner of the War Merit Cross [without swords] was William Joyce (aka Lord Haw-Haw). A jolly nice example in good order.
A German WW2 War Merit Cross This award was created by German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1939 as a successor to the non-combatant Cross which was used in earlier wars. The award was graded the same as the Iron Cross: War Merit Cross Second Class, War Merit Cross First Class, and Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross. The award had two variants: with swords given to soldiers for exceptional service in battle above and beyond the call of duty but not in the face of the enemy. One notable winner of the War Merit Cross [without swords] was William Joyce (aka Lord Haw-Haw). A jolly nice example in good order, completely untouched for 60 years
A German WW2 West Wall Medal Issued to the constructors and men that manned the West Wall defenses built to protect the occupied and home territories of the Third Reich in WW2, against the allied invasion.
A Good .41 Cal Remington Derringer Double Barrel Pistol A true icon of the American Wild West era. The Remington double barrel Derringer is one of the all time famous guns, that has a profile recognised around the whole world. Colonel George Armstrong Custer is known on one occasion to have been given a derringer pistol in case of capture before going into an Indian encampment under a truce. The fear of Indian mutilation whilst an officer was still a live may have made the ‘secret’ carrying of such weapons a common practice. One eyewitness claim about the body of Custer is that he shot himself in the head with a Derringer type pistol. The famous Remington Derringer design doubled the capacity of the normal Derringer single shot, while maintaining the compact size, by adding a second barrel on top of the first and pivoting the barrels upwards to reload. Each barrel then held one round, and a cam on the hammer alternated between top and bottom barrels. The earliest Remington Derringer was in .41 Rimfire caliber and achieved wide popularity. The .41 Rimfire bullet moved very slowly, at about 425 feet per second (a modern .45 ACP travels at 850 feet per second). It could be seen in flight, but at very close range, such as at a casino or saloon card table, it could easily kill. The Remington Derringer was sold from 1866. Deringers sometimes had the dubious reputation of being a favoured tool of assassins. The single most famous Derringer, a single shot used for this purpose, was fired by John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good 17th C. 'Venetian' Schiavona Basket Hilted Sword wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade. The Schiavona was a Renaissance sword that became popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. Stemming from the 16th-century sword of the Balkan mercenaries who formed the bodyguard of the Doge of Venice, the name may have from the fact that the guard consisted largely of Istrian and Dalmatian Slavs (Schiavoni) late Italian for slave, but some say it could derive from the older Venetian feminine term of 'a woman' alluding to it as the 'Queen' of weapons. Interestingly enough, in Drummond's famous book, "Ancient Scottish Weapons", there are several Schiavonas. It was widely recognisable for its "cat's-head pommel" and distinctive handguard made up of many leaf-shaped brass or iron bars that was attached to the cross-bar and knucklebow rather than the pommel. Classified as a true broadsword, this war sword had a wider blade than its contemporary civilian rapiers. It was basket hilted (often with an imbedded quillon for an upper guard) and its blade was double edged thus this blade was useful for both cut and thrust. The schiavona became popular among the armies of those who traded with Italy during the 17th century and was the weapon of choice for many heavy cavalry. It was popular among mercenary soldiers and wealthy civilians alike; examples decorated with gilding and precious stones were imported by the upper classes to be worn as a combination of fashion accessory and defensive weapon. Lord Stefan d'Gascon: Living in the later half of the 16th Century, in London, he was an ex-mercenary from a number of large and small armies. He wandered the continent, [generally staying out of France.] and visited the Far East for a time, while serving as a personal guard. One time he was a city guard for the Doge of Venice, where he developed a liking for the Schiavona He remarked that; " The Schiavona came in handy while traversing the Sulu Sea and the Sea of Japan in 1549 with Father Francis Xavier’s ship and spent two years in the Japans with Fathers Francis, Cosme de Torres and Juan Fernandz." He was born of English stock, in the Armagnac region of Gascony, near Auch. See Wagner, E. , Cut and Thrust Weapons, Hamlyn, UK (1969). Schiavona. Wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade, 40 inches overall
A Good 19th Century Ghurka Kukri In Chased Leather Covered Wood Scabbard Typical steel blade. Scabbard carved with fan patterns. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. A cavalry sword (The Machaira, Machira) of the ancient Macedonians which was carried by the troops of Alexander the Great when it invaded northwest India in the 4th Century BC and was copied by local black smiths or Kamis some knife exports have found similarities in the construction of some Khukuris to the crafting method of old Japanese sword. Thus the making of Khukuri is one of the oldest blade forms in the history of world, if not in fact the oldest. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even more among them one belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD But the some facts shows that the Khukuri's history is centuries old then this. But other suggest that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, about 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder this Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, the Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon the skill that the strength of the wielder and thus it happens that the little Gurkha, a mere boy in point of stature, will cut to pieces of gigantic adversary who does not understand his mode of onset. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with the Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against.
A Good 19th Century Hawksley Powder Flask Maker marked, adjustable measuring spout, copper fluted body with brass spout. A very nice flask by a most desirable maker. 8.25 inches overall Slight seam opening at base
A Good 19th Century Powder Flask Fluted copper body and brass adjustable spout.
A Good 19th Century Sykes Pistol Powder Flask Absolutely ideal for pistol casing. A nice example with a few small dents. Small pistol flasks are certainly the most desireable type as they can beautifully set off a cased pistol set [and thus increase it's value dramatically], for either a flintlock or percussion gun, that is lacking it's original flask. 4.5 inches long
A Good 200 Year Old George IIIrd Officer or Gentleman's Sword Cane Bearing an early 18th century blade engraved with hunting dogs. Staghorn handle and Malacca cane. An officer's military sword blade, taken from his regular service sword and then mounted, likely for retirement, within a country cane. It has not been particularly disguised, in fact it was likely left to be quite clear as to it's purpose. The retirement on half pay was a common fate for former serving officers in the 18th and early 19th century, which would often leave many officer's at home awaiting or hoping for the recall to service in times of national peril. While ensconced in their country cottages [or estates, for the fortunate and wealthy], a former officer and now latterly retired gentleman, however aged, would always feel naked without bearing his sword for protection. It locates in it's sheath but often needs rotating to fit correctly as it has lain untouched for likely 130 years or more.
A Good and Most Attractive Antique Indo Persian Spear With fully decorated blade faces and silver inlay. The haft mount is similarly decorated. The décor on the blade face appears to be a form of Islamic script.
A Good and Most Scarce German WW1 Lancer Officer's Sword With scaccard and fine brass hilt with lion's head pommel, p hilt guard embellished with a stand of arms and the Iron Cross. The langets have a pair of lancer's sword with a pair of lances crossed, under a laurel wreath. The grip is black sharkskin, wire bound. The combat scabbard is blackened steel. The German lancers were recognised as some of the finest in Europe, and in 1914 they were used in charges and combat. However, some believe, it was only the German General Staff not utilising their formidable abilities to the best advantage, and transfering tactics to the lumbering slow shuffle of advancing and retreating infantry, that ultimately may well have bogged down the war into the trenches for so long. Areas of sharkskin wear. [Scabbard not shown in photos]
A Good and Scarce Antique Malaysian Kampilan Sword The standard kampílan is a type of single-edged long sword, used in the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Visayas, and Luzon. This unusual variant has a long 33.5 inch double edged blade more reminiscant of a European broadsword. The kampílan has a distinct profile, with the tapered blade being much broader and thinner at the point than at its base, sometimes with a protruding spikelet along the flat side of the tip and a bifurcated hilt which is believed to represent a mythical creature's open mouth. The Maguindanao and the Maranao of mainland Mindanao preferred this weapon as opposed to the Tausug of Sulu who favoured the barung. The Kapampangan name of the Kampilan was "Talibong" and the hilt on the Talibong represented the dragon Naga, however the creature represented varies between different ethnic groups. Its use by the Illocanos have also been seen in various ancient records. A notable wielder of the kampílan was Datu Lapu-Lapu (the king of Mactan) and his warriors, who defeated the Spaniards and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan at the Battle of Mactan on April 27, 1521. The mention of the kampílan in ancient Filipino epics originating from other non-Muslim areas such as the Hiligaynon Hinilawod and the Ilocano Biag ni Lam-Ang is possible evidence for the sword's widespread usage throughout the archipelago during the ancient times. Today, the kampílan is portrayed in Filipino art and ancient tradition. The hilt is quite long in order to counterbalance the weight and length of the blade and is made of hardwood.[1] As with the blade, the design of the hilt's profile is relatively consistent from blade to blade, combining to make the kampílan an effective combat weapon. The complete tang of the kampílan disappears into a crossguard, which is often decoratively carved in an okir (geometric or flowing) pattern.The guard prevents the enemy's weapon from sliding all the way down the blade onto bearer's hand and also prevents the bearer's hand from sliding onto the blade while thrusting. The most distinctive design element of the hilt is the Pommel, which is shaped to represent a creature's wide open mouth. The represented creature varies from sword to sword depending on the culture. Sometimes it is a real animal such as a monitor lizard or a crocodile, but more often the animal depicted is mythical, with the naga and the bakonawa being popular designs. Some kampílan also have animal or human hair tassels attached to the hilt as a form of decoration.
A Good Antique Burmese Shan Dha-shay Sword. With brass strap braced wooden scabbard. The Tai-Shan people are believed to have migrated from Yunnan in China. The Shan are descendants of the oldest branch of the Tai-Shan, known as Tai Luang (Great Tai) or Tai Yai (Big Tai). The Tai-Shan who migrated to the south and now inhabit modern-day Laos and Thailand are known as Tai Noi (or Tai Nyai), while those in parts of northern Thailand and Laos are commonly known as Tai Noi (Little Tai - Lao spoken) The Shan have inhabited the Shan Plateau and other parts of modern-day Burma as far back as the 10th century AD. The Shan kingdom of Mong Mao (Muang Mao) existed as early as the 10th century AD but became a Burmese vassal state during the reign of King Anawrahta of Pagan (1044–1077). After the Pagan kingdom fell to the Mongols in 1287, the Tai-Shan peoples quickly gained power throughout South East Asia. The present-day boundary of southern Shan State vis-a-vis Thailand was formed shortly after. Burma lost southern Lan Na (Chiang Mai) in 1776 and northern Lan Na (Chiang Saen) in 1786 to a resurgent Bangkok-based Siam, ending an over two-century Burmese suzerainty over the region. It retained only Kengtung on the Burmese side. The southern border of Shan State remained contested in the following years. Siam invaded Kengtung in (1803–1804), (1852–1854), and Burma invaded Lan Na in 1797 and 1804. Siam occupied Kengtung during World War II (1942–1945). Throughout the Burmese feudal era, Shan states supplied much manpower in the service of Burmese kings. Without Shan manpower, the Burmans alone would not have been able to achieve their much vaunted victories in Lower Burma, Siam, and elsewhere. Shans were a major part of Burmese forces in the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–1826, and fought valiantly—a fact the British commanders acknowledged. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, the Burmese kingdom was reduced to Upper Burma alone. The Shan states—especially those east of the Salween River, were essentially autonomous entities, paying token tribute to the king. In 1875, King Mindon, to avoid certain defeat, ceded Karenni states, long part of Shan states, to the British. When the last king of Burma, Thibaw Min, ascended the throne in 1878, the rule of central government was so weak that Thibaw had to send thousands of troops to tame a rebellion in the Shan state of Mongnai and other eastern Shan states for the remainder of his year reignOn 28 November 1885, the British captured Mandalay, officially ending the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 11 days. But it took until 1890 for the British to subdue all of Shan states. Under the British colonial administration, established in 1887, the Shan states were ruled by their saophas as feudatories of the British Crown. The British placed Kachin Hills inside Mandalay Division and northwestern Shan areas under Sagaing Division. In October 1922, the Shan and Karenni states were merged to create the Federated Shan States,[14] under a commissioner who also administered the Wa State. This arrangement survived the constitutional changes of 1923 and 1937. During World War II, most of Shan States were occupied by the Japanese. Chinese Kuomingtang (KMT) forces came down to northeastern Shan states to face the Japanese. Thai forces, allied with the Japanese, occupied Kengtung and surrounding areas in 1942
A Good Antique George IIIrd Flintlock Holster Pistol by Wheeler of London. Walnut stock with fabulous age patina, with slab-sided grips, all brass furniture and trigger guard with acorn finial. Two stage octagonal to round steel barrel with silver X foresight. A very nice officer's and gentleman's flintlock pistol from the 1790's into the Napoleonic Wars period. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. The alliance led by Britain and one of it's finest General's, the Duke of Wellington, brought about Napoleon's empire ultimately suffering a complete and total military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France and the creation of the Concert of Europe.
A Good Boxlock Flintlock Derringer Pistol Circa 1800 With walnut grips and all steel frame and barrel. A sound and highly effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's currrent rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland].
A Good British Large Calibre Pinfire Revolver As a British import these pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is full military army size, and is the very type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient military arm , by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies. Folding trigger, trigger return spring inoperable. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good But Shortened WW1 German Hard Shell Luger PO8 Holster Maker marked and stamped. Captured at Proyant August 18th 1918. Inscribed thus but very difficult to photograph.
A Good Civil War Period Extra Large American Flask and Cap Co Flask Copper flask with brass measure cap but around 60% bigger than a usual flask. One dent either side at the neck.
A Good Complete Set Of Type 98 Pattern Shin Gunto Mounts A set of original WW2 Japanese Officer's sword mounts. All brass traditional koshirae with tsuba and seppa, chrysanthemum mon decoration throughout. Leather combat covered steel scabbard. Binding in very good original order. All complete but no blade.
A Good Crimean War Artillery Officer's Sword Very similar in design to the British Army 1821 Cavalry pattern sword [that British officer's used in Charge of the Light Brigade] this is the Artillery officer's version 3 bar hilted sword but with a slightly straighter blade. No scabbard. Russetted blade and hilt, good original fishskin grip with twisted wire binding. With some judicious polishing this sword may reveal considerable beauty
A Good Crimean War Medal 72nd Seaforth Highlanders. Of William Begg. A Cpl. William Begg of the 72nd appears on a memorial in St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh. To the men that were killed in action and died of wounds the Indian Mutiny etc. the Duke of Albany’s 72nd Highlanders were dispatched to the Crimea, where they arrived in May 1855, and from that date to the close of the war served in all the duties, which our troops were called upon to perform. After the Crimea followed with deadly haste the Mutiny, where the 72nd earned lasting praise. Their chief exploits were while serving with Sir Hugh Rose’s force in Central India, and at Kotah, the fortune of war decreed that their chief opponents should be the revolted 72nd natïve regiment, whose uniform in some degree resembled that of the Duke of Albany’s. The storming party was to abide the blowing up of the great gate, and owing to the unexpected delay in doing this found them exposed for some time to the fierce ire of the enemy. But when the explosion was heard, and the pipes struck up their martial tune, it required but a very few minutes to capture the town, thanks to the impetuous ardour of the 72nd and their comrades, who with a ringing shout-“Scotland for ever!” literally drove all before them. Throughout the struggles in Baroda the 72nd, who were subsequently with the Rajpootana Field Force, fought well and successfully, well meriting the unstinted meed awarded to them. The next important campaign in which the 72nd were engaged was in the Afghanistan in 1878. Here they were brigaded under General Roberts, and rendered most signal service at the storming of the Peiwar Kotal. Here the 72nd and the “brave little Ghoorkas” fairly divided the honours of the day between them, though Lieutenant Munro and several rank and files were in the list of casualties. During the march through the Sappri defile Sergeant Green gained his commission from the gallant defence he made of Captain Goad, and it it is recorded by a Scotch writer that “a sick Highlander (of the 72nd), who was being carried in a dhooley, fired all his ammunition, sixty-two rounds, at the enemy, and as he was a good marksman, he never fired without getting a fair shot.” The following year they were still more actively employed, and round and about Cabul, under Roberts, came in for much more fierce fighting, from which they gained a full sheaf of honours. Sergeant MacDonald, Cox, and M’Ilvean distinguished themselves at the assault of the Takt-I-Shah; Lieutenant Ferguson was twice wounded; Sergeant Jule (who was killed the next day) was the first man to gain the ridge, capturing at the same time two standards. Corporal Sellars, the first man to gain the top of the Asmai heights, gained a Victoria Cross; before that day’s sun had set Captain Spens and Lieutenant Gainsford of the regiment had fallen fighting like heroes to the last; Lieutenant Egerton was badly wounded, and several rank and file put hors de combat. The regiment fought well in the attack on Sherpur, and in Robert’s famous march to Candahar were brigaded with the Gordon highlanders and 60th Rifles. In the attack on Candahar Sir Frederick reported that “the 72nd and the 2nd Sikhs had the chief share of the fighting;” of the second brigade Colonel Brownlow, Captain Frowe and Sergeant Cameron were among the killed; Captain Stewart Murray and Lieutenant Munroe were badly wounded. A photo in the gallery are of his comrades who served with him at Sebastopol. [Not included with medal]
A Good Czech Model Mauser VZ24 Rifle Sword Bayonet. With Czech State stamp and maker coded scabbard tgf. A very good condition Czech VS 24, early pattern bayonet with full muzzle ring, scabbard. Fully blued pommel and crossguard with perfect wooden grips with original screws. 11.75" upturned blade in original dulled blueing. In its original steel & blued scabbard The vz. 24 rifle is a bolt-action carbine designed and produced in Czechoslovakia from 1924 to 1942. It was developed from the famous Mauser Gewehr 98 line, and features a very similar bolt design. The rifle was designed in Czechoslovakia shortly after World War I, featuring a 600 mm (23.6") barrel which was shorter and considered more handy than the 150 mm (5.9") -longer Gewehr 98. The carbine followed a similar trend in weapon design at the time, that a short rifle gave away little in ballistic efficiency at combat ranges, but was easier to handle on account of its shorter length. During World War II, the vz. 24 was produced for the German armed forces during its occupation. The rifle was also produced in nearby Slovakia, a German ally and puppet state during the war. After the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939, the Germans took existing stocks of the vz.24 into service and continued production. The vz. 24 was easily incorporated into the German forces due to its similarity to the Kar 98k enabling the same training and maintenance procedures and use of the same 7.92×57mm Mauser ammunition. By the start of the war the Wehrmacht had equipped 11 divisions with the rifle. The Germans designated it Gewehr 24(t) ('t' being the national origin designator tschechoslowakisch, the German word for "Czechoslovak"; such national origin designators were German practice for all foreign weapons taken into service).
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo and Ivory Swordstick With some cracking to the bamboo and ivory but a nice honest stick of charm and beauty. Blade with old pitting. The hilt could be restored. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo Sword Cane Circa 1840 With excellent patina and and a good elegant and narrow 18th century single edged rapier type blade. Silver loop ferrules, and knop pommel. A great conversational piece, and one can ponder over of the kind of gentleman who would have required such a piece of personal defense paraphernalia. Although one likes to think that jolly old Victorian England had a London full of cheerful cockneys and laddish chimney sweeps, it was also plagued with political intrigue, nefarious characters and caddish swine prowling the endless foggy thoroughfares and dimly lit passageways.
A Good English 18th Century, Double Barrel, Tap Action Over-Coat Pistol By Richardson. Large bore and good action and pan swivel. Slab sided walnut grips, all steel mounts and turn off barrels. Gadget weapons that have unusual actions such as this rotational tap-action meant the gun could be fired each barrel singly or both barrels simultaneously. They were much more expensive than standard guns, but with two barrels they fufilled the function of pair of pistols but on it's own. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good French Boche Powder Flask, 19th Century, Shell Pattern By Boche of Paris, a fine quality flask with good working spring action. Boche apparently signed only his best examples and flasks by Boche belong to the highest in society.
A Good Heavy Grade Imperial Prussian Sabre of The Great War Finely etched blade, steel p hilt, wirebound fishskin grip. The langet at the rear has the owner's name Trompeter Schultze, and regimental number 1/27. Fully etched deluxe blade. It is unusual to have the name of the owner of swords of these type, and may prove useful for reseach on the regiment and their role in WW1.
A Good Imperial German WW1 Wound Badge Souvenir of A WW2 D-Day Para The German Wound Badge was a German military award for wounded or frost-bitten soldiers of Imperial German Army in World War I, the Reichswehr between the wars, and the Wehrmacht, SS and the auxiliary service organizations during the Second World War. This form of award was in fact one of only two decorations awarded to Hitler in WW1 when he was wounded fighting in the trenches. After March 1943, due to the increasing number of Allied bombings, it was also awarded to injured civilians. It was ultimately one of the most highly prized, since it had to be "bought with blood". The badge had three classes: black (3rd class, representing Iron), for those wounded once or twice by hostile action (including air raids), or frost-bitten in the line of duty; silver (2nd class) for being wounded three or four times, or suffering loss of a hand, foot or eye from hostile action (also partial loss of hearing), facial disfigurement or brain damage via hostile action; and in gold (1st class, which could be awarded posthumously) for five or more times wounded, total blindness, "loss of manhood", or severe brain damage via hostile action. Badges exist in pressed steel, brass and zinc, as well as some base metal privately commissioned versions. Those of the First World War were also produced in a cutout pattern. All versions of the Wound Badge were worn on the lower left breast of the uniform or tunic. The badge was worn below all other awards on the left. We have the paras medal as well.
A Good Japanese Koto O-Tanto Blade. Around 500 Years Old. A plain long tanto blade, with no fittings as of yet, and absolutely ideal for those that wish to bespoke re-mount a nice looking early blade tanto with old fittings to their own taste. We can of course assist in all that is required to do so. Including to supply and fit new saya tsuka and supply and fit old mounts and a tsuba. 20 inches long overall.
A Good King George IIIrd Duelling Pistol, Possibly By Rigby of Dublin. A fine walnut stock, steel barrel held with barrel slides, steel lock and fine steel furniture, stock of juglans regia and slab sided grips and pineapple finial steel trigger guard. Original ramrod with horn tip and worm-screw. All the steel is very nicely patinated. Irish census marked for County Clare. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Britain was most celebrated for the manufacturers of flintlock pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber English-made Wogdon pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. A pistol in sleeper condition [untouched for likely over 100 years] with small natural age related polished surface imperfections.
A Good Medieval Teutonic Knight's Battle Mace of Bronze Circa 13th-14th C , Made of Bronze Copper Alloy. Four stout pyramidal knobs on a cubic body. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. A weapon made at the time at great cost, and only for the most affluent knight, a battle mace for the crushing and smashing of armour. Crusades period of the Teutonic Order, The Livonian Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle mace. Excellent patina highly evocative signs of use. The mace head is approx. the size of a pool or billiard ball. A similar Mace is preserved in the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest. The last picture in the gallery is of Tuetonic Livonian Knights, the top left mounted knight is using his mace.
A Good Napoleonic Wars 1796 Officer's Pistol, Heavy Dragoon Variant. A most unusual example with a 6.5 inch barrel, large .65 inch bore. This is a large weight, most powerful pistol but it's barrel determines it's preferred use was as close quarter action pistol. It has the typical 1796 Heavy Cavalry style form, with engraved brass funiture, without brass butt cap, and a sliding safety channel, and the engraving and safety feature are typical designs for officer use only. Made by Harding of London. In regimental collections, throughout the country, and in the military museums, there are numerous examples of service pistols such as this. A regular form of military pistol, but with a personalised bespoke feature to make it more suitable for the officer's needs for his particular use. The Heavy Cavalry were seperated into two brigades at Waterloo. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st 'King's' Dragoon Guards The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English (1st, 'The Royals'), a Scottish (2nd, 'Scots Greys'), and an Irish (6th, 'Inniskilling') regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with the 47-year-old Uxbridge leading them and little reserve Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands
A Good Nazi Officer's Sword Of the 1930's and WW2 With bronze hilt bearing the Third Reich eagle and swastika symbol, of Hitler's Germany from the 1930's till 1945. It has a very fine acorn and oak leaf embossed backstrap, original black celluliod grip with it's original brass wire binding. The blade is very good indeed, with original polish. Blackened steel scabbard. Maker marked, Ernst Packe and Son Solingen, at the ricasso underneath the langet.
A Good Nepalese WW2 Military Kukri. With Black Leather Wood Scabbard. The Kukri is the renown and famous weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha.The Kukri is the renown and famous weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha. Probably the most respected and feared warriors in the world, the Gurkhas of Nepal have fought in the Gurkha regiments of the British Army for around two centuries. With a degree of loyalty and dedication that is legendary, there is no greater soldier to be at one's side when in battle than the noble Gurkha. With a Kukri in his hand and the battle cry called, "Ayo Gorkhali!" ["the Gurkhas are coming!"], no foe's head was safe on his shoulders. Battle hardened German Infantry in WW1, or WW2 Japanese Shock Troops, have been known to tremble in their boots at the knowledge that they would be facing the Gurkhas in battle. Some of the most amazing feats of heroism have resulted in the most revered medal, the British Victoria Cross [ the world's greatest and most difficult to qualify for gallantry medal] being awarded to Ghurkas. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even older, among them, one that once belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD. But, some say that the Khukuri's history is possibly centuries older this. It is suggested that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, in about the 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder Khukuri or Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, Khukuri's or Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon skill than the strength of the wielder. And thus so that it happens, that a diminutive Gurkha, a mere boy in regards to his stature, could easily cut to pieces a gigantic adversary, who simply does not understand the little Gurkha's mode of attack and fearsome skill. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with his Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against however strong his opponent. Lacking it's two by-knives
A Good Original Antique Nickel G &JW Hawksley Gun Case Oil Bottle 19th century Ideal for all kinds of cased pistols or long guns. Excellent condition. 3cm across [at widest] 5.5cm inches high
A Good Original Brangwyn WW1 Poster The Zeppelin Raids: the vow of vengeance. Drawn for "The Daily Chronicle" by Frank Brangwyn A.R.A. 'Daily Chronicle' readers are covered against the risks of bombardment by zeppelin or aeroplane During World War I, the impact of the poster as a means of communication was greater than at any other time during history. The ability of posters to inspire, inform, and persuade combined with vibrant design trends in many of the participating countries to produce interesting visual works. 20 XC 30.25 inches At the start of the twentieth century he was the one British artist whose work was revered by the European cognoscenti, and the Japanese recognised in his artistic endeavours a love of simplicity, geometric compositions, and clarity of colour. He worked for Bing and Tiffany and produced murals for four North American public buildings. A supremely charitable man with a reputation for being irascible; a pacifist whose brutal WWI poster Put Strength in the Final Blow (1918) reputedly led the Kaiser to put a price on his head. The man whom G K Chesterton described as ‘the most masculine of modern men of genius’ could also produce exquisitely delicate and serene works like St Patrick in the Forest (Christ’s Hospital murals); and his oils are as voluptuous in colour and form as his furniture is minimalist. Original WW1 Posters are becoming hugely popular yet some are still very affordable, prices for nice examples are reaching well into the thousands over the past couple of years now. If a 1920's Russian movie poster of the Battleship Potemkin will fetch over 100,000 pounds, just how much higher could contemporary propaganda posters easily go.
A Good Original GR Crown Tower 1800's Third Pattern Brown Bess Musket Marked regimentally for the 1st Company. An absolute archetypal example as used by the Foot Guards in the War In The Peninsular and Waterloo. With fabulous rich dark patina to the walnut stock. Stock marked by maker TG. Lock marked Crown GR but very aged surface pitting to the steel obscures this somewhat. Excellent regimental markings of the 1st Co. No 32 [musket number]. During this time regimental markings of companies are rare, and usually, for frontline regiments, and militia, if listed at all, they were listed alphabetically, A.Co., B.Co. etc, however, for the elite British Foot Guards they were traditionally numbered numerically, ie.1st Co., 2nd Co. etc. The Second Battalion , fought in the most decisive battle of the whole war at Waterloo. It was here that the Second Battalion Coldstream Guards, along with the light company of the Scots Guards, held Hougoumont Farm. The farm secured the Allied right flank and was crucial to Wellington's plan. The French attacked the farm all through the day of 18 June with sixteen thousand troops, but failed to take it. The defence of the farm was commanded by Lt Col Macdonell, who along with Sgt Graham shared the honour of being "the bravest man in the army." They earned this title by shutting the north gates of Houqoumont when the French managed to break into the farm. Wellington said afterwards that "the outcome of the Battle of Waterloo rested upon the closing of the gates at Hougoumont". Wellington also said, "No troops but the British could have held Hougoumont, and only the best of them at that". The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good Original Masai Lion Hunter's Simi Dagger In traditional dyed skin covered wooden scabbard. Wide leaf shaped double edged blade. Skin covered wooden hilt.The Maasai people have traditionally viewed the killing of lions as a rite of passage. Historically, lion hunts were done by individuals, however, due to reduced lion populations, lion hunts done solo are discouraged by elders. Most hunts are now partaken by groups of 10 warriors. Group hunting, known in Maasai as olamayio, gives the lion population a chance to grow. Maasai customary laws prohibit killing a sick or infirm lion. The killing of lionesses is also prohibited unless provoked. At the end of each age-set, usually after a decade, the warriors count all of their lion kills to compare them with those hunted by the former age-set in order to measure accomplishment
A Good Original NSDAP Third Reich Armband 1930's In cotton with traditional black and white swastika non a red ground.
A Good Plain Sykes Patent Copper Powder Flask. Early 19th Century. Good working spring action and measure.
A Good Royal Naval Officer's Sword In Partial Pristine Condition This sword, externally is an absolute beauty. A vintage sword from WW1 and 11 used until the current ER II period. However, the blade is considerably pitted but we have reflected this in it's price.
A Good Russian Cold War Era Poster Original poster with interesting subject matter of military and maritime uniforms and ranks. This is one of a collection of Russian USSR posters we have acquired from the estate of an ex British Glider Pilot of WW2. This poster is folded and in condition as seen in the photos. 36.5 inches x 24 inches. This poster is a real and used item, not just for show, would look super nicely framed
A Good Seminal Work On The Mortimer Gunmakers By H. Lee Munson [Hardback] 312 pages published by Andrew Mowbray Publ. A fabulous reference work including serial numbers and manufacturing dates.
A Good Vintage 'Leg O'Mutton' Leather Guncase Superior grade handmade leather gun case, circa 1890 to 1920. Monogrammed 'M.P' Overall length 30 inches x 7 inches at widest. Barrel length capacity 28.5 inches. I strap AF [easily replaceable].
A Good Volunteer Metford Bayonet By Greener of Birmingham. Scarce maker In good overall condition with maker mark of Greener of Birmingham. No locking button. The Magazine Lee-Metford Rifle was in service 1888–1926 Boer War, various Colonial conflicts and World War I Variants MLM Mk II MLM Carbine Charlton Automatic Rifle Specifications Length 49.5 in (1,257 mm) Barrel length 30.2 in (767mm) Cartridge .303 Mk I Calibre .303 inch (7.7 mm) Action Bolt-action Rate of fire 20 rounds/minute Muzzle velocity 2,040 ft/s Effective range c. 800 yards (730 m) Maximum range 1,800 yards Feed system 8 or 10-round magazine Sights Sliding leaf rear sights, Fixed-post front sights, "Dial" long-range volley sights The Lee-Metford rifle (a.k.a. Magazine Lee-Metford, abbreviated MLM) was a bolt action British army service rifle, combining James Paris Lee's rear-locking bolt system and ten-round magazine with a seven groove rifled barrel designed by William Ellis Metford. It replaced the Martini-Henry rifle in 1888, following nine years of development and trials, but remained in service for only a short time until replaced by the similar Lee-Enfield.
A Good Walther PPK Semi Auto Pistol Made by Walther of Ulm, with superb action and good original finish. 7.65 cal. A World Famous 'Walther PPK', reknown as the weapon of choice of James Bond 007. The most famous gun of the Walther factory. It's German acronymous name stands for Polizeipistole Kurz ('Police Pistol Short'), Polizeipistole Kriminalmodell ('Police Pistol Detective Model'), or Polizeipistole Kriminal ('Police Pistol Detective') according to different sources. It is a smaller version of the PP (Polizeipistole) and has a shorter grip and barrel as well as a lower magazine capacity. The PP was released in 1929 and the PPK followed in 1931. Both pistols were popular with European police and civilian shooters. The pistols were reliable and easy to conceal. During World War II both variants of the pistol were issued to German military police, Luftwaffe, and other support personnel, as well as officials of the Nazi Party. Adolf Hitler used his PPK to kill himself as Soviet forces closed in on the Führerbunker in Berlin. Also a standard issue weapon of the Geheime Staats Polizei [Gestapo] the German State Secret Police of WW2, and west German Secret Police of the Cold War era. This is a Cold War era piece, fully maker marked, and made at the Walther Ulm factory. An iconic piece and an absolutely lovely example. Deactivated with our deactivation statement, not suitable for export, not for sale to under 18's.
A Good War Merit Cross With Swords First Class Wide pin fixing, Alloy metal in good order. One of the highest awards for officer's, just under the Knights Cross award. With relief Swastika between the cross and swords. A medal for bravery when in military and maritime service but not necessarily when facing the enemy. For example, awarded for rescuing wounded in minefields, rescuing men from sinking ships, bomb disposal, or bravery during aerial bombardment. Curiously the bravery required to achieve this medal could be greater than was required to receive the traditional combat bravery medal, the Iron Cross Ist Class. Part of a group of souvenirs[ medals and badge]s from an old British war veteran. Both General Karl Wolff, & Friedrich Otto [SS-Oberstgruppenfûhrer] had and wore this form of award, as did SS-Oberstgruppenfûhrer BERGER
A Good West Midlands Police Constable's Custodial Helmet With good sound skull, fine brightwork and original strap. In good order overall. Very nice condition, ER II issue. The custodian helmet is the traditional headgear of the "bobby on the beat", worn by male constables and sergeants on foot patrol in England and Wales (a peaked cap is worn by officers on mobile patrol in cars). The custodian helmet is also worn by the British Transport Police and Ministry of Defence Police (in England and Wales only), the States of Jersey Police, the States of Guernsey Police Service, the Isle of Man Constabulary, the Royal Gibraltar Police, and the Bermuda Police. Special Constables formerly did not wear helmets, but most forces in England and Wales now issue them to male specials. The custodian helmet was adopted by the Metropolitan Police in 1863 to replace the top hat formerly worn, and other forces soon followed suit. Small denting to bright metal top.
A Good WW1 14/15 Star 'South African' Trio With Transvaal Highlanders Badge 8th Infantry, and further badges. All medals named. He served in the 7th and 8th Infantry. British TOE in April, 1916: 1st Division (Major General AR Hoskins) 1st East African Brigade- 2nd Loyal North Lancs, 2nd Rhodesia Regiment, 130th Baluchis, 3rd Kashmir Rifles/3rd KAR (Composite Batt) 2nd East Afican Brigade- 25th Royal Fusiliers, 29th Punjabis, 129th Baluchis, 40th Pathans Divisional Troops- 17th Indian Cavalry (one squadron), East African Mounted Rifles, King's African Rifles Mounted Infantry (one company), East Africa Pioneer Corps (Mounted Section), 27th Mountain Battery, 5th Battery South African Field Artillery, # 6 Battery (four 12 pdrs manned by 2nd LNL), # 7 Battery (four 15 pdrs), 38th Howitzer Brigade (one section of two 5" Howitzers), Willoughby's Armored Car Battery, 2nd LNL Machine-gun Company. 2nd East African Division (Major General J Van Deventer) 1st South African Mounted Brigade- 1st SA Horse, 2nd SA Horse, 3rd SA Horse, 8th SA Horse (forming SA). 3rd South African Infantry Brigade- 9th SA Infantry, 10th SA Infantry, 11th SA Infantry, 12th SA Infantry. Divisional Troops- South African Scout Corps, 28th Mounted Battery (six 10 pdrs), 2nd Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 4th Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), # 12 Howitzer Battery (two 5" Howitzers), East African Volunteer Machine-gun Company. 3rd East African Division (Major General C Brits) 2nd South African Mounted Brigade- 5th SA Horse, 6th SA Horse, 7th SA Horse, 9th SA Horse 2nd South African Infantry Brigade- 5th SA Infantry, 6th SA Infantry, 7th SA Infantry, 8th SA Infantry Divisional Troops- 1st Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 3rd Battery SA Field Artillery (four 13 pdrs), 38th Howitzer Brigade (one section of two 5" Howitzers), # 5 Light Armoured Car Battery
A Good WW1 Great War German Butcher Bayonet Made for the standard, Imperial German infantryman's Gew98 rifle. A good example with maker mark, Haenel of Suhl. Rare leather scabbard type. Dated 1915
A Good WW1 Great War Iron Cross Ist Class. Maker Marked KO A good example in German Silver with iron core, with date 1914, in good condition but untouched and needs cleaninmg. The Iron Cross comes in two grades, Second Class and First Class. This example the Iron Cross First Class could only be awarded for an act of outstanding bravery and also to one who had previously received the Iron Cross Second Class. Hence, the First Class was more restricted and more highly prized. When the Iron Cross First Class was awarded, the Iron Cross Second Class was signified with a small ribbon attached to a button. Adolf Hitler was awarded this identical type of 1st Class Iron Cross in WW1, and always wore it throughout WW2 with pride. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Good WW1 Trio Of The 16th London Regt. The London Regiment was unusual. Not only were all of its battalions of the Territorial Force (although the first four were affiliated to the other City of London regiment, the all-regular Royal Fusiliers) but each battalion was regarded as a Corps in its own right. 1/16th (County of London) Battalion (Queen's Westminster Rifles) 04.08.1914 Stationed at Buckingham Gate as part of the 4th London brigade of the 2nd London Division and then moved to Hemel Hempstead. Nov 1914 Mobilised for war and embarked for France leaving the 2nd London Division and arriving at Havre. 12.11.1914 Transferred to the 18th Brigade of the 6th Division and engaged in various actions on the Western Front including; 1914 The actions on the Aisne heights. 1915 The action at Hooge. 10.02.1916 Transferred to the 169th Brigade of the 56th Division; 1916 The diversionary attack at Gommecourt, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval, The Battle of the Transloy Ridges. 1917 The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Third Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Langemarck, The capture of Tadpole Copse, The capture of Bourlon Wood, The German counter attacks. 1918 The First Battle of Arras, The Battle of Albert, The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of the Cambrai, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Sambre, The passage of the Grand Honelle. 11.11.1918 Ended the war at Athis north of Bavai, Belgium. 2/16th (County of London) Battalion (Queen's Westminster Rifles) Sept 1914 Formed in London. Jan 1915 Moved to Maidstone to join the 179th Brigade of the 60th Division. Feb 1915 Moved to London and then Watford and then Saffron Walden and then Bishops Stortford. Jan 1916 Moved to Sutton Veny. 28.04.1916 Deployed to Ireland after rebellion. 12.05.1916 Moved to Rosslare and then Fishguard and then back to Sutton Veny. 22.06.1916 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre. 23.11.1916 Deployed to Salonika and engaged in various actions including; The Battle of Doiran. 30.06.1917 Deployed to Alexandria and engaged in various actions as part of the Palestine Campaign including; The Third Battle of Gaza, The capture of Jerusalem, The defence of Jerusalem. 1918 The capture of Jericho, The battle of Tell'Asur, The first Trans-Jordan raid, The attack on Amman, The second Trans-Jordan raid. 30.05.1918 Embarked for France via Taranto arriving at Audruicq leaving the 60th Division. 02.07.1918 Transferred to the 90th Brigade of the 30th Division and engaged in various actions on the Western Front including; 1918 The Battle of Ypres, The Battle of Courtrai. 11.11.1918 Ended the war at Avelghem S.E. of Courtrai, Belgium.
A Good WW2 German NSKK Service Belt Buckle. This buckle used by one of Hitler's 'Brownshirt' Stormtroopers, section NSKK Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps. The National Socialist Motor Corps was the smallest of the Nazi Party organizations and had originally been formed as a motorized corps of the Sturmabteilung (SA). In 1934, the group had a membership of approximately ten thousand and was separated from the SA to become an independent organization. This action may have saved the NSKK from extinction, as shortly thereafter the SA suffered a major purge during the Night of the Long Knives, due to the alleged conspiracy against Hitler by Röhm [that was simply invented by the psychotic Henrich Himler, leader of the SS] Rohm, alongside his senior staff, was executed in a classic putsch, in an event known as 'The Night of the Long Knives'. The SA evolved out of the remnants of the Freikorps movement of the post-WWI years. The Freikorps were nationalistic organisations primarily composed of disaffected, disenchanted, and angry German combat veterans who believed that their government had betrayed Germany and sold them out by surrendering and submitting to the humiliating terms of the Versailles Treaty. The Freikorps were in opposition to the new Weimar Republic. Ernst Röhm was commander of the Bavarian Freikorps and was given the nickname "The Machine Gun King of Bavaria" because he was responsible for storing and issuing illegal machine guns to Freikorps units in Bavaria. He later became commander of the SA. During the 1920s and 1930s the SA functioned as a private militia that Hitler used to intimidate rivals and disrupt the meetings of competing political parties, especially those of the Social Democrats and the Communists. Also known as the "brownshirts" or "stormtroopers", the SA became notorious for their street battles with the Communists.The violent confrontations between the two groups contributed to the destabilisation of Germany's inter-war experiment with democracy, the Weimar Republic. In June 1932, one of the worst months of political violence, there were over 400 street battles, resulting in 82 deaths.This very destabilisation had been crucial in Hitler's rise to power, however, not least because it convinced many Germans that once Hitler became chancellor, the endemic street violence would end. When provided with 'evidence' of Röhm's conspiracy Hitler initially refused to believe the dossier provided by Himler's protégé, Heydrich, as he had liked Röhm and allways believed him loyal. Röhm had been one of his first supporters and, without his ability to obtain army funds in the early days of the movement, it is unlikely that the Nazis would have ever become established. The SA under Röhm's leadership had also played a vital role in destroying the opposition during the elections of 1932 and 1933. However, Adolf Hitler had his own reasons for wanting Röhm removed. Powerful supporters of Hitler had been complaining about Röhm for some time. The generals were fearful due to knowing Röhm's desire to have the SA, a force of over 3 million men, absorb the much smaller German Army into its ranks under his leadership. Further, reports of a huge cache of weapons in the hands of SA members, gave the army commanders even more concern. Industrialists, who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Röhm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place. Matters came to a head in June 1934 when President von Hindenburg, who had the complete loyalty of the Army, informed Hitler that if he didn't move to curb the SA then Hindenburg would dissolve the Government and declare martial law. After the purge the organization of the SA [Sturmabeitlung] continued, but was from then on subordinate to Himler's SS, where before it was superior to the SS. Many NSKK men, thanks to their efficient transport training and acquired skills were later transferred to Panzer divisions in both the Heer and SS. There is some light surface rust that we have left 'as is'. It would likely remove completely with polishing if desired.
A Good WW2 Japanese Kai Gunto Naval Marines Officer's Sword With traditional gilt Koshirae, and a tang with naval anchor within a circle stamp. Very clean blade. A very nice example of these now highly collectable swords from the Japanese Navy and landing forces of WW2. kuro-nuri [black lacquer] saya sakura-decorated menuki, shin gunto obi-tori [saya hanging ring], kai gunto kabutogane ishizuke, shin gunto type wrap. In the late 1920s the navy began to form Special Naval Landing Forces as standing regiments (albeit of battalion size). These forces were raised at — and took their names from — the four main naval districts/bases in Japan: Kure, Maizuru, Sasebo, and Yokosuka. These bases all raised more than one SNLF. These SNLF units saw action in China from 1932 in the January 28 Incident and at the Battle of Shanghai and[citation needed] in naval operations along the China coast and up the Yangtze River and its tributaries during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Other SNLF were later raised from IJN personnel in China, at Hankow, and Shanghai, for service in Canton and on the Yangtze River. On 7 December 1941 there were 16 SNLF units, this increased to 21 units during the war. The strengths of each SNLF ranged from the prewar peak of 1,200 to a later 650 personnel. There was also a special detachment in the Kwantung area, garrisoning the ports of Dairen and Ryojun. In 1941, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Yokosuka SNLF were converted to parachute units. They conducted more combat drops than Japanese Army parachute units during World War II. The SNLF paratroopers were used during the attack on Celebes, to much lauded success by the Imperial government. The original SNLF personnel were well-trained, high quality troops with good morale and they performed well against unprepared and unorganized opposition across Southeast Asia. However, when faced with determined resistance, such as at the invasion of Timor and the Battle of Milne Bay in 1942, they often experienced heavy casualties due to their unwillingness to surrender. When completely out of ammunition, they would often resort to hand-to-hand fighting with their swords. They were also responsible for the Manila massacre during the Allied invasion of the Philippines in February 1945, where 10,000 SNLF troops under the command of Vice Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi disobeyed orders and stayed behind to fight the combined American and Filipino ground troops
A Good WW2 Semi Auto Holster Used by A German Officer in WW2 Overall in good order. A rare holster for an Axis power officer, most likely for a security officer due to it's compact and very small size 6.35mm cal. Pistol
A Good, English Use, Spherical Iron Head Battle Mace 600 to 800 years old A fine and original weapon from the 13th to 15th century with a multi spiked head of rounded pyramidical projections. On a replaced old haft. One of the oldest forms of battle weaponry that can trace it's origins back to the stone age, long before the use of daggers and swords.This is a super Medievil example, that most likely inflicted a terrible yet most effective result in hand to hand combat. Used from the time of the early Crusades.
A Good, Non-Regulation Pattern British Sea Service Flintlock Pistol Bearing many of the standard sea service pistol traits, such as the long elegant lines, the short eared brass butt cap, the ring neck cock and the brass tailed sideplate, but all with very slight variances, and the stock is a slightly lighter gauge. We believe it may likely be a British Merchant Navy service flintlock pistol, of the circa 1790's. Fine walnut stock, good tight action, but with a replaced side-plate nail that does not locate correctly. Old working life forend stock repair. 9.5 inch barrel with oval 1740 cp & v proofs. The whole raison d'etre of the Royal Navy is to protect British interests, property, colonies and vessels on the high seas, and in the 18th and early 19th century, many British merchant vessels suffered badly from French and Spanish Naval attacks, during the Anglo French Wars, and from rogue corsairs and pirates. The British maritime matelots were armed very similarly to their regular Royal Navy counterparts, as conflicts at sea were a very serious hazard, and an adequate form of defense for every vessel was an absolutely necessity in those perilous days.
A Good, Original 1796 Heavy Cavalry Trooper's Combat Sword An impressive original combat sword complete with it's unaltered disc guard hilt, and [unaltered] hatchet blade [both the disc and the blade were frequently altered at the time of use during the Napoleinic wars era]. Leather bound ribbed wood grip. Surface pitting overall. The 1796 Heavy Cavalry sword is probably the most famous and collectable British service combat sword of the Napoleonic Wars and Waterloo era. Certainly in part due to this pattern of sword being famously used by Major Sharpe of the 95th Rifles, in Bernard Cornwall's novels. Naturally their main interest is due to them being used by the elite heavy cavalry dragoon regiments. This is the pattern of sword used by the Union Brigade at the Battle of Waterloo, and a very popular and historical sword indeed. The pattern 1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword was the sword used by the British heavy cavalry (Lifeguards, Royal Horse Guards, Dragoon Guards and Dragoons), and King's German Legion Dragoons, through most of the period of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It played an especially notable role, in the hands of British cavalrymen, at the battles of Salamanca and Waterloo. The sword was a dedicated cutting weapon with a broad heavy blade and was renowned as being completely unfit for delicate swordsmanship. This was also the foundation for respect it gained from those who appreciated it; most cavalry troopers used the blades like bludgeons and the guards as knuckle dusters (as Le Marchant observed) and the 1796 was significantly more suited for this than most other swords. A well-known description of the brutal power of the weapon was made by Sgt. Charles Ewart, 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) concerning how he captured an Imperial Eagle at Waterloo: "It was in the charge I took the eagle off the enemy; he and I had a hard contest for it; he made a thrust at my groin I parried it off and cut him down through the head. After this a lancer came at me; I threw the lance off my right side, and cut him through the chin upwards through the teeth. Next, a foot soldier fired at me, then charged me with his bayonet, which I also had the good luck to parry, and I cut him down through the head; thus ended the contest"…………….. This sword we are pleased to offer is overall very nice indeed, in it's original scabbard. The hilt is engraved with regimental troop markings. One photo in the gallery is of Lady Butler's painting, the Charge of the Scots Greys at Waterloo.
A Good, Original 1796 Heavy Cavalry Trooper's Combat Sword By Bate Ordnance supplier of swords during the Napoleonic Wars. An impressive original combat sword complete with it's unaltered disc guard hilt, and langets and spear pointed blade [ their blade's tip were frequently altered at the time of use during the Napoleonic wars era and at Waterloo]. Leather bound, ribbed, wooden grip. Surface pitting overall on the scabbard. The 1796 Heavy Cavalry sword is probably the most famous and collectable British service combat sword of the Napoleonic Wars and Waterloo era. Certainly in part due to this pattern of sword being famously used by Major Sharpe of the 95th Rifles, in Bernard Cornwall's novels. Naturally their main interest is due to them being used by the elite heavy cavalry dragoon regiments. This is the pattern of sword used by the Union Brigade at the Battle of Waterloo, and a very popular and historical sword indeed. The pattern 1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword was the sword used by the British heavy cavalry (Lifeguards, Royal Horse Guards, Dragoon Guards and Dragoons), and King's German Legion Dragoons, through most of the period of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It played an especially notable role, in the hands of British cavalrymen, at the battles of Salamanca and Waterloo. The sword was a dedicated cutting weapon with a broad heavy blade and was renowned as being completely unfit for delicate swordsmanship. This was also the foundation for respect it gained from those who appreciated it; most cavalry troopers used the blades like bludgeons and the guards as knuckle dusters (as Le Marchant observed) and the 1796 was significantly more suited for this than most other swords. A well-known description of the brutal power of the weapon was made by Sgt. Charles Ewart, 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) concerning how he captured an Imperial Eagle at Waterloo: "It was in the charge I took the eagle off the enemy; he and I had a hard contest for it; he made a thrust at my groin I parried it off and cut him down through the head. After this a lancer came at me; I threw the lance off my right side, and cut him through the chin upwards through the teeth. Next, a foot soldier fired at me, then charged me with his bayonet, which I also had the good luck to parry, and I cut him down through the head; thus ended the contest"…………….. This sword we are pleased to offer is overall very nice indeed, the scabbard has been blackened and has overall service denting. A picture in the gallery of Sgt. Ewart capturing the French Eagle at Waterloo using his identical 1796 Heavy Cavalry trooper's sword
A Good, Original 1936 German Police/SS Pattern Officer's Sword Officially called the SS/Police degan, model 1936, it was the pattern of sword used by both the police and SS officers when on dress duty. The main diffrence was the emblem within the grip. The police badge was an eagle and swastika on an oval wreath, the SS badge were the SS runes in a black enamel circle However, the police badged examples could be used by both SS and police officers. Police swords could also have very small SS runes stamps on the guards. This officer's type has a raised long pommel, the NCO's version had a short pommel. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks. It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war. For instance, a Generalleutnant in the Police who was also an SS member would be referred to as SS Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. In addition, those Orpo police generals that undertook the duties of both Senior SS and Police Leader (Höhere SS und Polizeiführer) gained equivalent Waffen-SS ranks in August 1944 when Himmler was appointed Chef der Ersatzheeres (Chief of Home Army), because they had authority over the prisoner-of-war camps in their area. Heinrich Himmler's ultimate aim was to replace the regular police forces of Germany with a combined racial/state protection corps (Staatsschutzkorps) of pure SS units. Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions. Historical analysis of the Third Reich has revealed that senior Orpo personnel knew of Himmler's plan and were opposed to it. Overall this sword is in nice cojndition, it obviously has signs of wear but it is a very nice example of these now rare and desirable swords. We haven't polished this bsword at all, although it should respond well, as we prefer to leave as is.
A Good, Original WW1 German Iron Cross Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Good, Original WW1 German Iron Cross Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuous military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button. The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed. Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together. A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. Photo in the gallery of Ernst Hess, Adolf Hitler's commanding officer in WW1 wearing his identical Iron Cross. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
A Good, Original, Vintage Ship's Binnacle Compass A super original maritime Xmas gift for someone with a naval bent. Brass case that is covered in wartime green paint [should strip beautifully]. Working liquid filled compass, patent markings. Oil lamp lighting section.
A Good, Robust, British 1853 'Charge of the Light Brigade' Lancer's Sabre A very good British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Lancer's Battle Sabre'. In good stout order but russetted overall. The chequered leather rivetted grips are completely original and very good. Maker marked blade by Reeve. This sword, through family repute, was used by a lancer in the 17th Lancers in the fateful Charge at Balaklava. However, of course 'by family repute' has little basis in provenence, sadly, but, it is withought doubt an intriguing possibility none the less. An identical sword, used in the charge, is exhibited in the 'Charge Regimental Museum' 13/18th Royal Hussars and Light Dragoons [also, see photo page 183 in 'Crimean Memories, Artifacts of the Crimean War' by William Hutchison, Micheal Vice and BJ Small]. The blade is good with natural age patina. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Cullodon, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiment, as part of the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. Leather 5 rivet grip, triple bar guard.
A Good, Scarce, German 14th Kavallerie Regimental Sword and Knot Used in WW2. Fully etched blade with full regimental name of the 14th Kavellerie and an etched panel of a cavalry charge, with all the troop wearing steel combat helmets. Steel p hilt black celluliod grip with wire binding. Black painted steel scabbard. The same type of sword worn by General der Kavallerie Edwin Graf von Rothkirch und Trach, who joined the 14th Kavellrie, aged 42, in 1930, as a major. In September 1939 he was made Chief of the General Staff of the XXXIV Corps Command. Serving in the war for two years on the Eastern Front he was promoted in November 1944 to Commanding General of the LIII Army. General Graf von Rothkirch und Trach was captured at Neunkirchen by Lieutenant Colonel Abrams' 37th Tank Battalion in March 1945. The remnants of Graf von Rothkirch und Trachs LIII Army Corps fell back across the Rhine River but was destroyed a month later in the Ruhr pocket. Kavallerie was drawn down somewhat in the German armed forces after the French campaign, but soon after the invasion of Russia it was realised an increase in Cavalry was essential for anti-partisan policing and for recce in terrain unsuitable for vehicles. In the picture gallery their shows an original photo of a WW2 German cavalry trooper who has his identical sword mounted on his saddle. Areas of wear to the scabbard paintwork and surface pitting on areas of the blade and hilt. Very bright polished overall
A Gordon Highlanders Queen's South Africa Boer War Medal In very nice untouched and unpolished condition. Four clasps. The clouds were gathering in South Africa as Queen Victoria's reign drew to its close. The 2nd Battalion had reached there from Bombay and were at Ladysmith when war was declared. Resolved to stem the Boer invasion of Natal the garrison made a thrust towards Elandslaagte and it was there in October, 1899, that they first met the Boers in battle. The Boers were in a strong position and their arms and musketry were more modern and better than those of the British forces. The Gordons attacked as the pipers played and paid a heavy price, but the contested ridge was reached at last and shouting `Majuba` to remind them of what had befallen their comrades there at the hands of the Boers, they went after the retreating enemy. But the victory failed to disengage Ladysmith and they settled down to the dwindling amenities of a siege life which was to last until the 28th February, 1900. The 1st Battalion came out from Britain in time to join Lord Methuen`s attempt to relieve Kimberley and suffered heavily with the rest of the Highland brigade at Magersfontien so that the century ended in dismal fashion for the British troops. But with the arrival of Lord Roberts to take command the tide began to turn. The 1st Battalion saw Kitchener win his victory at Paardeberg and then they swept on to Bloemfontein, while in the east relief came to Ladysmith. The 1st Battalion distinguished themselves with rare gallantry at Hout Nek and then at Doornkop, led by Ian Hamilton, the Gordons won fresh laurels. Much has been written of that battle, but there is surely no better account than that given by Winston Churchill in his book, "Ian Hamilton's March." ` The honours, equally with the cost of victory, making every allowance for skilful direction and bold leading, belongs to the 1st Battalion Gordon Highlanders more than to all the troops put together. The rocks against which they marched proved to be the very heart of the enemy's position. The grass in front of the position was burnt and burning, and against this dark background the khaki figures showed distinctly. The Boers held their heaviest fire until the attack was within 800 yards, and then the ominous rattle of concentrated rifle fire burst forth. The advance neither checked or quickened. With remorseless stride, undisturbed by peril or enthusiasm. The Gordon Highlanders swept steadily onwards, changed direction half left to avoid as far as possible an enfilade fire, changed again to effect a lodgement on the end of the ridge most suitable to attack and at last rose up together to charge. The Boers shrunk from the attack……they fled in confusion……" The South African war ended, the 2nd Battalion returned to India
A Graf Zeppelin Circa 1924 Stereoscope in Original Case And 15 View Cards In very nice original condition.
A Great Helm of the European Style Circa 1370, 19th century. Formerly the property of The Higgins Armory Collection. Purchased by Mr Higgins from James Graham & Son in New York in April 1946. A Great Helm in 14th century style. Almost certainly from the workshop of Samuel Luke Pratt. Formed of five riveted plates, with horizontal vision slit pierced on the right with a cruciform ventilation hole, adomed crown with several aged holes, and in patinated 'aged' condition throughout (holed at the rear, blackened throughout) 41.3cm; 16 in high. Higgins Armory Inventory no 2831. This amazing example was most probably made to the order of the celebrated 19th century arms dealer, Mr Pratt of Bond St. London. He was the chief provider of original and copy armour to the great English collectors of the time, that were inspired by the Gothic Revival. Parts of this great helm appear to have some very early plates which possibly may have come from original, period armour. This Antique helm may well have been sold at the time, for the greater part, as being original, which it is not, but such is it's immediate appearance, when it was originally acquired and very similar to another great helm acquired by Lord Warwick. Lord Warwick acquired some armour from the Meyrick Collection, for the Castle armoury, from Mr Pratt, probably during the renovations after the great fire at Warwick Castle in 1871. Two similar original examples are in St. George's Hall at Windsor Castle, and another with the 'Achievements' of the Black Prince at his mausoleum in Canterbury Cathedral. Windsor Castle is an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years it was started by William the Conqueror and the Castle remains a working palace today. This form of Great Helm is one of the very rarest, with very few confirmed originals remaining in the world. There is one in The Tower of London Collection. William the Conqueror ordered the start of the building of Warwick in the 11th century, and by the 14th century the great Towers were completed. We consider ourselves very fortunate to have the opportunity to acquire some wonderful arms and weaponry from a small disposal from the Castle Armoury, in order to benefit the restoration of the Castle. In the year 1264, the castle was seized by the forces of Simon de Montfort, who consequently imprisoned the then current Earl, William Mauduit, and his Countess at Kenilworth (who were supporters of the king and loyals to the barons) until a ransom was paid. After the death of William Mauduit, the title and castle were passed to William de Beauchamp. Following the death of William de Beauchamp, Warwick Castle subsequently passed through seven generations of the Beauchamp family, who over the next 180 years were responsible for the majority of the additions made to Warwick Castle. After the death of the last direct-line Beauchamp, Anne, the title of Earl of Warwick, as well as the castle, passed to Richard Neville ("the Kingmaker"), who married the sister of the last Earl (Warwick was unusual in that the earldom could be inherited through the female line). Warwick Castle then passed from Neville to his son-in-law (and brother of Edward IV of England), George Plantagenet, and shortly before the Duke's death, to his son, Edward. Several Kings owned Warwick including King Henry VIIth, and Henry VIIIth, James Ist, and also Queen Elizabeth. One picture in the gallery shows a faithful replica of the Helm of the Black Prince as appears in The Times of Edward the Black Prince. [for information only, not included] Great Helms are so rare that if another original example with provenence was found it would likely be priceless.
A Great Piece of Aeronatical History. A WW1 Solid Silver Cigarette Case Formally the property of Major B.M.Dodds Royal Aero Club 1917. The interior mounted with Label from bomb frame of Zeppelin L33 landed near Colchester September 1916, due to damage sustained from anti- aircraft guns and a squadron of night fighters, while bombing London. Inscribed BMD from EWT and ADJ 25.10.17' and 'B M Dodds Royal Aero Club' (hallmarked Birmingham 1916-17) 14cm x 8.5cm by John Blake A Brief History of the Royal Aero Club [abridged] by John Blake In 1901, three wealthy motorists, Frank Hedges Butler, his daughter Vera and the Hon Charles Rolls, had proposed a motor tour, but this was cancelled when Vera's Renault 4.5 caught fire. The lady arranged a balloon flight with the distinguished professional Stanley Spencer, as a distraction. Over a glass of champagne during the subsequent voyage, passing near Sidcup in Kent, they agreed that an Aero Club should be formed and after landing this was done without delay. Due no doubt to the presence and personality of Vera Butler, it was uniquely - for the time - agreed that it be open "equally to ladies and gentleman, subject to election". Initially confined to ballooning, when heavier-than-air flight arrived, the Club embraced it with alacrity. The Club established its first flying ground at Muswell Manor near Leysdown on the Isle of Sheppey in 1909. Early contacts with the Wright brothers in America by Charles Rolls and the redoubtable Short brothers, balloon makers to the Club, led to the latter acquiring a Wright license and laying down the first aircraft production line in the world, at Leysdown, moving the next year to Eastchurch. The influence of the Club in those early days cannot be over-emphasised. Its members included - and trained - most military pilots up to 1915, when military schools took over. The gift of training facilities and aircraft to the Royal Navy by Francis McLean was the real starting point of the Royal Naval Air Service. The Club was granted the Royal prefix on 15th February 1910 for its achievements and status. From 1905, it issued Aeronauts' Certificates for balloonists and from 1910 it issued Aviators Certificates for aircraft pilots, internationally recognised under the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. As the United Kingdom representative on that august body, the Club was responsible for control in the UK of all private and sporting flying, as well as records and competitions; a function that, through the Aviation Council embracing some dozen national sporting and educational flying organisations, it fulfils to this day. It borrowed heavily from existing sports such as horse racing for its early regulations; the first air racing rules contained the injunction that "No rider shall interfere with another rider on the course". The first recipients of the Gold Medal of the Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom were the Wright brothers and Gold, Silver and Bronze Medals, Diplomas and Certificates of Merit continue to reward the outstanding merit of aviation persons in every flying and related activity, through the work of the Medals and Awards Committee. The L33 commanded by Kapitan Alois Bocker, was on its first mission and bombed London causing the deaths of a number of civilians; but eventually it was hit by an anti-aircraft shell causing considerable damage. The Zeppelin turned over the Essex countryside and above Chelmsford was attacked by a squadron of night fighters from Hainault Farm. Notwithstanding several hits the Zeppelin managed to elude its attackers. Despite jettisoning guns and equipment from the stricken airship, Bocker realised his craft was doomed and would not make the journey across the North Sea to its base. The airship continued to lose height and eventually crash landed near New Hall Cottages, Little Wigborough, much to the alarm of the inhabitants who witnessed the dying moments of the giant airship. Deciding to set the ship on fire, Bocker knocked on the doors of the cottages to warn the families of his intentions, However the terrified people refused to open the door and finally Bocker gave up and set fire to the Zeppelin. He then gathered his crew together and in a body they marched off down the lane toward Peldon. 5.5 inches x 3.5 inches, weight approx 5.5 troy ozs ..
A Great War Period Royal Marines Regimentally Marked Officer's Sword With the Royal Marines Globe badge, and Royal Marines title, etched within the blade, and the officer's monogram K.A.B.P. Fully engrave pierced basket with the cypher of King George Vth. FS leather scabbard. The Royal Marines were founded in 1664, from the start there was some cross over between officers and men with men serving in one and then the other; there could also be a cross over with men moving between marines and navy. Both John Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough and James Wolfe spent times as Marine officers. In subsequent years marines could be attached to the army and army units served afloat although that had rarely (if at all) happened in the Victorian period. Naval brigades served regularly ashore along side the army (Crimea, Egypt, Boer and China Wars). As Britain’s Sea Soldiers, the Royal Marines were under the authority of the Admiralty, but they served both ashore and afloat, they could serve with naval personnel or with the army (such as in WWI in the Royal Marine Artillery Howitzer Brigade) and independently (as the 3rd RM Battalion).
A Great, Original 1840's Double Rifled Barrell Howdah Pistol Made in Europe for the British Empire market with English Damascus twist rifled barrels, marked in gold 'Damas Anglais'. Large bore barrels, back action locks finely engraved throughout. Carved walnut stock. Circa 1840. With a pair of over and under rifled barrels. Early rifled percussion examples are particularly rare, as most percussion models were smoothbore, before the introduction of the cartridge taking breech loading Howdah pistols. A formidable and singularly impressive double barrel large bore pistol, for use when seated in the Howdah, when riding on an Elephant, for protection against Tiger attack. Scroll engraved all steel mounts. The name "Howdah pistol" comes from the sedan chair- known as a Howdah which is mounted on the back of an elephant. Hunters, and officers, especially during the period of the British Raj in India, used howdahs as a platform for hunting wild animals and needed large-calibre side-arms to protect themselves, the elephant, and their passengers from animal attacks at close range. Even though Howdah pistols were designed for use in the “gravest extreme” against dangerous game (such as tigers), they were used in combat by some officers, for both offence and defence, as their effectivenes was simply unrivalled in close quarter action. Demand for these potent weapons outstripped supply, and many seen still surviving today are in fact converted shotguns, with shortened barrels and pistol grip restocking, and in later years gunmakers responded with revolvers, in calibres as large as .500, in order to fill the need. Firearms like these were one source of inspiration for the overtly powerful .44 magnum revolver. A 1996 movie, called 'The Ghost and the Darkness', starring Michael Douglas, featured the Douglas character, Charles Remington, using an identical "howdah" pistol in several scenes. This pistol has signs of use and has two small screw, a lanyard ring and rammer lacking. Fortunately, these are small not significant pieces and would be very easy to replace or leave as is. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables 7.5 inches barrels, 14.25 inches overall long
A Great, Victorian, Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery Officer's Battle Sword 1870's. A wide heavy gauge battle sword with full Volunteer Artillery corps etching, and a monogrammed panel. Traditional 3 bar guard. Overall russet surface, with bright polished blade. Through family research the officer served in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery in the Zulu War, and was transferred to the Frontier Caribiniers. He obtained his Zulu War medal, one of only 12 men to receive such a medal, while serving in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery. No scabbard.
A Grenadier Guards 'Battle Honour' Sword of a Capt. Killed in France, 1940 From the VC awarded 3rd Battalion, at the Battle of Escaut, during the Battle of France. He was one of the most gallant and heroic men and officer's of the 1st Guards Brigade, that fought valiantly to repel the German offensive in opening stages of WW2, during the Battle for France. This is the fabulous sword of Captain P.J.C. Radford-Norsop, of the 3rd Battn Grenadier Guards . It is beautiful bright finish with the regimental devices within the guard, a fully etched blade with all the regiments battle honours up to the era of King George Vth. In it's original field service scabbard. The blade bears his monogrammed of P.J.C.R-N. The BEF counter attack at Escaut of May 21st 1940, have these details in the regiment's record; At 0730 hours a violent artillery, mortar and machine gun barrage fell on the whole of the 1st Gds. Bde. front; every movement drew accurate enemy fire. In these attacks machine guns and mortars killed Major A.R. West and 2/Lt. A.N. Boyd, and fatally wounded Capt. P.J.C. Radford-Norsop. A detail below is of [Capt. P.J.C. Radford-Norsop's] 3rd Bat. Grenadier Guards action in the counter attack at Escaut, which resulted in a Victoria Cross Action.. On the 21st May, 1940, at the Battle of Escaut, with the 3rd Battalion Grenadier Guards, Lance-corporal Nicholls was commanding a section in the right-forward platoon of his company when the company was ordered to counter-attack. At the very start of the attack he was wounded in the arm by shrapnel, but continued to lead his section forward; as the company came over a small ridge, the enemy opened heavy machine-gun fire at close range. Lance-corporal Nicholls, realising the danger to the company, immediately seized a Bren gun and dashed forward towards the machine-guns, in spite of being again severely wounded. Lance-corporal Nicholls then went on up to a higher piece of ground and engaged the German infantry massed behind, causing many casualties, and continuing to fire until he had no more ammunition left. He was wounded at least four times in all, but absolutely refused to give in. There is no doubt that his gallant action was instrumental in enabling his company to reach its objective, and in causing the enemy to fall back across the River Scheldt. Lance-corporal Nicholls has since been reported to have been killed in action. Details from the London Gazette 26th July 1940 In fact lance Corporal Nicholls had been taken prisoner and he was eventually awarded the Victoria Cross by the German commandant at his Prisoner of War camp in Poland. The Grenadier Guards is an elite infantry regiment of the British Army. It is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. It is not, however, the most senior regiment of the Army, this position being attributed to the Life Guards. Although the Coldstream Guards was formed before the Grenadier Guards, the regiment is ranked after the Grenadiers in seniority as it was a regiment of Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army. The 1st Foot Guards have received 79 battle honours, which they gained for their involvement in the following conflicts: various actions near the Strait of Gibraltar the War of the Spanish Succession, including Oudenarde the War of the Austrian Succession the Peninsular War the Napoleonic Wars, including Waterloo the Crimean War the Urabi Revolt the Opium Wars the Sudan Campaign the Boer Wars First World War (Western Front) and Second World War (North Africa, Italy, Northwest Europe) the Persian Gulf War .Picture in the gallery from Cranston Fine Arts; Corporal Harry Nichols, 3rd battalion Grenadier Guards, winning the Victoria Cross at the River Escaut, 21st May 1940 by David Rowlands. Copyright permission sought.
A Highly Attractive Antique Suit of Original Edo Period Samurai Gosuku Photographed after it's recent full cleaning. With Shinari Kabuto [acorn shaped helmet] of built up lacquer over iron construction. With fully laced Shikoro [neck armour lames]. Open hanbo face guard, with laced Nodowa [throat armour]. Dark brown lacquer thin plates with full lacing to the Do in Maru-do type form [breast plate without hinge, single side opening]. Chain mail over silk Kote [arm armour] with plate Tekko [hand armour]. Fully laced and plate Sode [shoulder armour] Fully laced four panels of Haidate [waist armour] Fully laced Kasazuri [thigh Armour], without lower Suneate. The armour is trimmed in printed and decorated doe skin and all the connection fittings are in traditional carved horn. This armour is absolutely beautiful. It's condition is very good indeed apart from some lacquer wear to the helmet but this we can attend to, some silk perishing on part of the thigh armour top section, and some colour fading to one hand armour lacquer. Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China and Korea. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century.Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs. During the Heian period 794 to 1185 the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armor parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from. In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours).Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms. The era of warfare called the Sengoku period ended around 1600, Japan was united and entered the peaceful Edo period, samurai continued to use both plate and lamellar armour as a symbol of their status but traditional armours were no longer necessary for battles. During the Edo period light weight, portable and secret hidden armours became popular as there was still a need for personal protection. Civil strife, duels, assassinations, peasant revolts required the use of armours such as the kusari katabira (chain armour jacket) and armoured sleeves as well as other types of armour which could be worn under ordinary clothing.Edo period samurai were in charge of internal security and would wear various types of kusari gusoku (chain armour) and shin and arm protection as well as forehead protectors (hachi-gane). Armour continued to be worn and used in Japan until the end of the samurai era (Meiji period) in the 1860s, with the last use of samurai armour happening in 1877 during the Satsuma Rebellion
A Hindenberg 1974 Disaster Movie Prop, But Incredibly Authentic A fabulous and rare piece of Movie and Airship Zeppelin memorablia. The airship's passenger and crew list printed on handmade paper and so convincing it looks absolutely period and completely original. Except, all the passengers listed were fictitious characters from the book. This was made for the film, to be used in various scenes involving all the main stars. "The Hindenburg" A Hollywood's disaster thriller (USA 1974) with Anne Bancroft and George C. Scott, on the novel by Michael M. Mooney, based on real events that occurred in 1937 in the USA during it's flight from Berlin and the fateful disaster on mooring in America. The film stars George C. Scott. It was produced and directed by Robert Wise, and was written by Nelson Gidding, Richard Levinson and William Link, based on the 1972 book of the same name, The Hindenburg, by Michael M. Mooney. A. A. Hoehling, author of the 1962 book Who Destroyed The Hindenburg?, also about the sabotage theory, sued Mooney along with the film developers for copyright infringement as well as unfair competition. However, Judge Charles M. Metzner dismissed his allegations. A highly speculative thriller, The Hindenburg depicts a conspiracy leading to the destruction of the airship. In reality, while the Zeppelins were certainly used as a propaganda symbol by the Third Reich, and anti-Nazi forces might have had the motivation for sabotage, the theory of sabotage was investigated at the time, and no firm evidence for such sabotage was ever put forward. The possibility of Boerth's (i.e. Spehl's) deliberate sabotage is one theory of the fire that had been the subject of Mooney's book, published around the time of the film's development. It has never been proven definitively, and most airship experts tend to discredit this theory.
A Hopkins and Allen 1872 Blue Jacket No2 Deringer Revolver A very rare British proof stamped model. .32 RF barrel with a very good plus bore. Metal surfaces retains about 95% original nickel. The smooth rosewood grips rate very good indeed. Gun times and locks up with a crisp action. An excellent example. The Hopkins and Allen company was founded in 1868 by S. S. Hopkins, C. W. Hopkins and C. H. Allen. A highly sound and effective personal protection pistol that was designed for close protection use in the American Wild West frontier towns but in very limited numbers were imported into London and were highly popular, with those that could afford them, during the late Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The Victorian London Police force 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' as they were known did a relatively fine job of keeping London streets much safer than they had ever been before, but confidence in them was low, and there were areas that were still only ever to be ventured when armed. There was a story at the time, in around 1885, that a gentleman saw a lady being accosted in a busy London shopping street [possibly Oxford St.] and about to give chase, yet unarmed, he asked all around him if any gentleman present were armed and would they lend him the use of their pistol. Within 20 yards he was offered the use of over five revolvers by four men and one lady! In the gallery we show a Punch cartoon "Blind-man's Buff": by John Tenniel (22 September 1888) criticising the police's alleged incompetence. The failure of the police to capture the first and now the most famous serial killer in the world, 'Jack the Ripper' reinforced the attitude held by radicals that the police were inept and mismanaged and reinforced the public's desire to own personal protection revolvers such as this example.
A Horn Hilt Jambiya With solid horn hilt double edged blade and leather scabbard.19th century.
A Huge Zweihänder, or, Great Sword, Late 16th Century Style A massively impressive piece. Probably a late 18th century example, this is a fabulous historismus sword based on those illustrated in Meyer's fechtbuch of 1570, with tapering blade formed with a pronounced broad ricasso, steel hilt including a pair of straight quillons with globular terminal, side-rings, gadrooned pommel, and in age patinated condition, The Zweihänder (German for "two hander", also called Great sword, Bidenhänder or Bihänder), is a two-handed sword primarily of the Renaissance. It is a true two-handed sword because it requires two hands to wield it. This is in comparison with other large swords that can be used with two hands, but also can be used with one. The Zweihänder swords develop seamlessly out of the German "Langschwert" (longsword) of the Late Middle Ages, and they became a hallmark weapon of the German Landsknechte from the time of Maximilian I (d. 1519) and during the Italian Wars of 1494–1559. The Goliath Fechtbuch (1510) shows an intermediate form between longsword and Zweihänder These swords represent the final stage in the trend of increasing size started in the 14th century. In its developed form, the Zweihänder has acquired the characteristics of a polearm rather than a sword. Consequently, it is not carried in a sheath, but across the shoulder like a halberd. By the second half of the 16th century, these swords had largely ceased to have a practical application, but they continued to see ceremonial or representative use well into the 17th century and beyond. Some ceremonial zweihänder, called "bearing-swords" or "parade-swords" (Paratschwert), were much larger, weighing about 10 pounds. The weapon is mostly associated with either Swiss or German mercenaries known as Landsknecht, and their wielders were Doppelsöldner. However, the Swiss outlawed their use, while the Landsknecht kept using them until much later. The Black Band of German mercenaries (active during the 1510s and 1520s) included 2,000 two-handed swordsmen in a total strength of 17,000 men. Zweihänder wielders fought with and against pike formations. There are some accounts of Zweihänders cutting off pike heads. Soldiers trained in the use of the sword were granted the title of Meister des langen Schwertes. Sword 63.75 inches long overall, Crossguard 13 inches across
A Jager Military Rifle, As used by the Early, British, 60th Rifles Regt. During the Napoleonic Wars, The Peninsular War The War of 1812 in America and at Waterloo. The near identical predecessor to the Baker military rifle, a super and fine example, but with the traditional German style patch box in wood [as opposed to the Baker's brass version]. A very fine walnut stock, brass furniture, including scroll trigger guard, large ramrod pipes, heavy steel ramrod. 28.75 inch rifled octagonal barrel, 44 inches long overall, and covered in military regimental markings. It is matching serial numbered 157 D [company] on the butt plate, rammer and barrel. The barrel tang has another number [possibly applied when converted to percussion action], and a King George IIIrd crown stamp is on the stock. It also bears a CJH which may be Corps[ Jager ] Hompesch. Incredibly, inside the patch box is it's original hand written label circa 1800 that gives what we believe the name of the rifleman [Kluge] it's calibre, the gun's number [157] promise right of supply?? and notes on it's accuracy at 100 ,150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500, 600 & 700 meters. Before the standard Baker rifle [which was a near direct copy of the Jager rile] replaced the Jager rifles, this was the type of gun acquired from Prussia by the British ordnance and issued to the earliest British rifle regiments formed in the late 18th century. They were then used in America and Ireland, and then in Spain, Portugal & France in the Napoleonic Wars. These rifles are referred to in British Military Firearms 1650 to 1850 by Howard Blackmore. The story of the earliest British rifle regiment goes as follows; at the end of 1797 - the year in which the Duke of York became colonel in-chief -of the 60th, it was decided to increase British forces in America, and an Act of Parliament was passed authorizing the Crown "to augment His Majesty's 60th Regiment of Infantry by the addition of a Fifth Battalion," to serve in America only, and to consist of foreigners. This battalion, the first green-coated rifle battalion in the Army, was organized under the command of Lieut-Colonel Baron de Rottenburg, of Hompesch's Corps. It was formed of 17 officers and 300 men from Hompesch's Chasseurs, and was dressed in bottle-green cut-away coats with scarlet facings, white waistcoats, blue pantaloons, with black leather helmets and black belts. They were armed, at first, with inferior 'contract' rifles imported from Germany, but after those were rejected this better type was chosen. This fifth or "Jager" battalion served in Ireland in 1798 during the Rebellion, and then proceeded to the West Indies, where, in June, 1799, it received 33 officers and 600 men from Lowenstein's Chasseurs, another regiment of foreigners, at the capture of Surinam in 1791 and afterwards in South and North America. In 1804 an Act was passed authorizing 10,000 foreign troops to serve in England, and the 5th Battalion was brought home in consequence in 1806. It went to Portugal in June, 1808, and from the opening skirmish at Obidos, on 15th August, two days before the battle of Roleia or Rolica down to the end of the war, took part in Wellington's campaigns in Portugal, Spain and the South of France. After the peace, this battalion was disbanded. This rifle is a superb piece and all the metal is in great condition. In the last picture in the gallery there is a picture of a 60th Rifleman next to a 95th in the Peninsular War. Note the 60th Rifleman's patchbox on his Jager Rifle. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Japanese Armour Cuirass [Do] Haramaki Type 15th Century Style Formerly from the Metropolitan Museum of Art collection in New York, sold by the Parke Bernet Galleries Inc. in November 1956, to the Higgins Armory Museum Collection. Leather covered iron plates decorated with brass and fitted with kusazuri of four lames. The interior is lacquered over iron. One leather hanging mount strap broken. Haramaki is a type of chest armour (dou or do) worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan and their retainers. Haramaki were originally constructed with the same materials as the o-yoroi but designed for foot soldiers to use as opposed to the o-yoroi which was for mounted warfare. Haramaki refers to Japanese armour which is put on from the front and then fastened in the back with cords. This armour is in very nice condition overall and likely made late Edo period. Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China and Korea. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century. Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs. During Heian period 794 to 1185 the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armor parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from. In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours). Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms.
A Japanese Pacific Theatre British 4 Medal POW Medal Group With Pacific star with lifetime membership card of the Far Eastern Prisoner of War [1941-45] Association London. Formerly the medals of a British soldier. Sadly he taken prisoner by the Japanese during WW2. He fell into their hands and was treated with the respect and care that was usual within Japanese WW2 military hospitality. Amongst these kindnesses was to be hung up by the ears while forced to stand for hours on end, on a chair, on tip toe.Officers and men taken out onto the prison parade ground twice a day, with all their fellow inmates, and witnessing the camp commandant simply choose a British prisoner at random to shoot in the head, and further to watch prisoners force fed dried rice, followed by funnels of water, in order for their intestines to explode. All the previously detailed vile acts and sufferings of our poor soldiers [and too many more others to list] are a matter of highly detailed public record, and it further illustrates that a pow of the [WW2 period] Japanese military were 30 times less likely to survive incarceration than a pow of the German military. The medals will be sold with a donation made to the current POW Association.
A Japanese Shin Gunto Officer's Sword Late War Period 1944-45 Made in the last period of WW2. With traditional shin gunto mounts to the hilt and a wooden saya bound in rattan. The late war period can be most interesting for Japanese military sword collectors, for the variations of the manufacture of officer's swords that appeared are most intriguing. For example the late war NCO's sword had a basic wooden hilt with iron mounts, to replace the more technically designed simulated bound hilt style in cast aluminium, and the officer's sword could come a various guises based on the regular '34 pattern. This sword has the traditional '34 pattern mounts, but late cast, showing lesser detailing and casting marks. Rattan was used to wrap the saya [scabbards] with some tape repair, when leather became unobtainable [ for similar see Fuller and Gregory's Japanese Military and Civil Swords and Dirks, page 70 plate 92], and the blade also shows the slightly lesser detailing, typical the late war period, but although grey there does appear to be a gunome hamon. As 1944 came to a close the inevitable loss of the war was most apparent, and orders from the Japanese High Command came down that every man's duty was to create as many enemy casualties as possible, equipment and supplies were running out so shortcuts were made in every respect, and that entailed most fascinating officer's swords made for newly promoted NCO's throughout the Empire, and in all the occupied territories.
A Jolly Interesting Athletes Volunteer Force Badge 1914 WW1 The AVF Formed in 1914, subsequently Amalgamated with the Central Asson of Volunteer Corps, circa April 1916 to Become the Central Asson Of Volunteer. In the pamphlet requesting for volunteers, from the amateur football league, the cricketing league and rugby league, it opened with; "There are thousands of Sportsmen in Great Britain who although physically fit—by reason of their participating in sports—are not eligible to join the regular forces…” From the 1914-1916 Haverhill Echo newspaper archive for the issue of December 5th 1914; Nearly 50 men have enrolled in the newly formed Athletes Volunteer Force at Cavendish. The first drill took place last week under Sgt Burbridge of Sudbury, late of Suffolk Regt. Mr Goodchild of Blacklands Hall has put his meadow at their disposal. Shooting practice will soon be in full swing, drills twice a week in the church schools on Mondays and on the cricket meadow on Sunday afternoons. The Force has been recognised by the War Office.
A Jolly Nice WW1 Original 'Cartoon' Watercolour, Christmas 1917 With Tommy sitting in his trench dugout 'Poets Corner' with a Zeppellin flying over being observed by a rat.
A Khedive Star Medal Five pointed star with a central raised circle bearing an image of the Sphinx with the Pyramids behind, the word ‘EGYPT’ above followed by a year (for the first three issues and undated for the fourth) with the same written in Arabic below. The reverse has the monogram of the Khedive under a crown within a raised circle. The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The suspender [lacking] was straight with a crescent and five pointed star in the centre which is attached to the star with a small metal loop passing through a small ring between the two top points of the star. Ist issue dated 1882. Good Very Fine condition. No ribbon,mount.Unnamed as issued.
A King Airship Co. of Washington, Historic Stock Certificate August 1920 On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers were the first to fly in a powered and controlled aircraft. Previous flights were lighter than air vehicles, gliders (control but no power) or free flight (power but no control), but the Wright brothers combined both, setting the new standard in aviation records. There have been many booms and busts in the aviation industry. The earliest known aviation stock certificate for a company that actually made a flying airship called the Novelty Air Ship Company in 1888. The Novelty Air Ship Company manufactured the vehicle for Professor Peter C. Campbell who was the inventor. Unfortunately, the air ship was lost at sea in 1889 while being test flown by Professor Hogan during an exhibition flight. This historic document was printed by the Goes Company and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a Bald eagle. This item has the signatures of the Company’s Secretary and the President and is over 93 years old.
A King George IIIrd 1805 East India Co. Baker Rifle 'Type' Sword- Bayonet Most similar to the 1805 Baker rifle sword-bayonet, but, with a lighter grade hilt. Likely made to fit a gun similar to ours [stock number 17100] that is also not a Baker, but similar, and from the same era. The hilt is brass and the small quillon is lacking. Rounded tip.
A King George IIIrd East India Co. Dragoon Cavalry Pistol. With walnut stock, steel barrel and mounts, steel lock with EIC Lion, and British ordnance mark. Manufactured around 1800. The East India Co. was an English and latterly a British company with an Army that was led by British officer's with a mixture of British and [mainly] Indian other ranks. It had a most effective and powerful Navy and it's Army rivalled that of any in the world. It had many famous historical figures amongst it's members including, General Robert Clive [Of India] Lord Arthur Wellesley the Duke of Wellington, and a past Governor was Elihu Yale who was a British merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Bengal, at Calcutta and Chennai and a benefactor of the Collegiate School of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College [of Connecticut USA] in his honour. The East India Company was, an anomaly without a parallel in the history of the world. It originated from sub-scriptions, trifling in amount, of a few private individuals. It gradually became a commercial body with gigantic resources, and by the force of unforeseen circumstances assumed the form of a sovereign power. The company's encounters with foreign competitors eventually required it to assemble its own military and administrative departments, thereby becoming an imperial power in its own right, though the British government began to reign it in by the late eighteenth century. Before Parliament created a government-controlled policy-making body with the Regulating Act of 1773 and the India Act eleven years later, shareholders' meetings made decisions about Britain's de facto colonies in the East. The Company continued to experience resistance from local rulers during its expansion. The great Robert Clive led company forces against Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar, and Midnapore district in Odisha to victory at the Battle of Plassey in 1757, resulting in the conquest of Bengal. This victory estranged the British and the Mughals, since Siraj Ud Daulah was a Mughal feudatory ally. With the gradual weakening of the Marathas in the aftermath of the three Anglo-Maratha wars, the British also secured the Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat, the fort of Ahmmadnagar, province of Cuttack (which included Mughalbandi/the coastal part of Odisha, Garjat/the princely states of Odisha, Balasore Port, parts of Midnapore district of West Bengal), Bombay (Mumbai) and the surrounding areas, leading to a formal end of the Maratha empire and firm establishment of the British East India Company in India. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore, offered much resistance to the British forces. Having sided with the French during the Revolutionary war, the rulers of Mysore continued their struggle against the Company with the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Mysore finally fell to the Company forces in 1799, with the death of Tipu Sultan. The British government took away the Company's monopoly in 1813, and after 1834 it worked as the government's agency until the 1857 India Mutiny when the Colonial Office took full control. The East India Company went out of existence in 1873. During its heyday, the East India Company not only established trade through Asia and the Middle East but also effectively became of the ruler of territories vastly larger than the United Kingdom itself. In addition, it also created, rather than conquered, colonies. Singapore, for example, was an island with very few Malay inhabitants in 1819 when Sir Stamford Raffles purchased it for the Company from their ruler, the Sultan of Johor, and created what eventually became one of the world's greatest trans-shipment ports. The gun is in good operational order and condition. What may have been a date has been removed from the lock. This was often done in the mid 19th century when older military pistols were sold off by military surplus retailers, with their earlier manufactured dates removed, so the weapon did not appear to old for current use.
A King George IIIrd Fowling Piece A most charming long gun, circa 1790, with a walnut stock, steel furniture with pineapple trigger guard finial, gold lInd damascus twist barrel, that at one time had a gold makers seal inlaid at the breech, now lacking. A long gun that would make an eminently attractive display piece. The action has been percussion converted and no longer functions.As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A King George IIIrd Officer's Chinoiserie Papier Mache Snuff Box Decorated in gold with three mandarin figures, with painted faces, standing next to a pagoda in a garden. Rectangular box in black lacquer. In exceptional near mint condition. Paper was first made by Ts' ai Lun, an official at the Chinese court of the Emperor Ho Ti, who developed an ingenious way of breaking down plants and rags into single fibres. The fibres were pounded to a pulp and collected on a fabric-covered frame, where they matted and dried as paper. The knowledge of paper-making spread to Japan, the Middle East and India, finally reaching Europe via Spain in the 10th century AD. Papier mache devoloped from paper in China into the making of Royal artefacts, including furniture, boxes screens and even armour for the royal palaces. It's popularity in Europe gained great interest and it was similarly made into many useful and interesting objects. The Chinosserie style was very popular indeed from the 17th century and reached it's peak in the era of King George IIIrd.
A King George IIIrd Root Wood Cudgel Or Sheighleyle A shillelagh is a wooden walking stick and club or cudgel, typically made from a stout knotty stick with a large knob at the top, that is associated with Ireland and Irish folklore. Most also have a heavy knob for a handle which can be used for striking as well as parrying and disarming an opponent. Many shillelaghs also have a strap attached (hence the Irish name), similar to commercially made walking sticks, to place around the holder's wrist. The name, an Anglophone corruption of the Irish sail éille, appears to have become convolved with that of the village and barony in County Wicklow. The shillelagh was originally used for settling disputes in a gentlemanly manner—like pistols in colonial America, or the katana in Japan. Modern practitioners of bataireacht study the use of the shillelagh for self defense and as a martial art.Methods of shillelagh fighting have evolved over a period of thousands of years, from the spear, staff, axe and sword fighting of the Irish. There is some evidence which suggests that the use of Irish stick weapons may have evolved in a progression from a reliance on long spears and wattles, to shorter spears and wattles, to the shillelagh, alpeen, blackthorn (walking-stick) and short cudgel. By the 19th century Irish shillelagh-fighting had evolved into a practice which involved the use of three basic types of weapons, sticks which were long, medium or short in length
A King George IInd Silver 6d Made From Captured Spanish Silver from Peru Dated 1746. A 'Lima'-hallmarked sixpence, which was coined from silver seized at sea by Commodore [later Admiral] Anson on his global voyage in search of Spanish treasure. It's a great sea story, told many times in many sources, and fictionalized by Patrick O'Brian in the novel called "The Golden Ocean." The specie taken by Anson had been mined at the rich silver town of Lima, Peru, and was enroute to Spain when it was captured by the British and shipped to Portsmouth, where a great enclave of Englishmen met it and the returned navalmen. The silver specie was minted into sixpence, shillings, halfcrowns and crowns; the small amount of gold, into half-guineas, guineas and five-guineas. Most of the coins were readily spent during the era; few of any denomination survive today. This sixpence is particulary interesting in that it has been overstuck with a hallmark and a number 7. The silver was 'liberated' by Commodore Anson during his voyage around the world to capture Spanish booty from the treasure ships leaving South America. His early years of the voyage were riddled with strife and disaster, losing much of his six warship fleet, however, the indomitable perseverance he had shown during one of the most arduous voyages in the history of sea adventure gained the reward of the capture of an immensely rich prize, The Spanish, Manila Galleon, Nuestra Señora de Covadonga, possessing 1,313,843 pieces of eight, which he encountered off Cape Espiritu Santo on 20 June 1743. Anson took his prize back to Macau, sold her cargo to the Chinese, and sailed for England, which he reached via the Cape of Good Hope on 15 June 1744. The prize money earned by the capture of the galleon had made him a rich man for life, and it enabled his heirs to rebuild Shugborough Hall, the family estate. Anson's chaplain, Richard Walter, recorded the circumnavigation, which he included in A Voyage Round the World published in 1748. It is, "written in brief, perspicuous terms", wrote Thomas Carlyle in his History of Friedrich II, "a real poem in its kind, or romance all fact; one of the pleasantest little books in the world's library at this time". Anson's success is all the more remarkable when it is understood that although the Admiralty gave him six ships, it availed him no crew, which he had to endeavour to find himself. As a last resort he crewed his ships with 'Invalides' from the Chelsea Hospital. Men regarded as too old to fight, or too infirm or disabled. In fact, before sailing, over half his crew were brought aboard on stretchers. When the prize from his voyage was appraised, Anson took three-eighths of the prize money available for distribution from the Covadonga which by one estimate came to £91,000 [around £60,000,000 in today's equivalent ] compared with the £719 [around £450,000 today] he earned as captain during the 3 year 9 month voyage. By contrast, a seaman would have received perhaps only £300 bounty [£250,000 today], although even that amounted to 20 years' wages in those days. In May 1747, he commanded the fleet that defeated the French Admiral de la Jonquière at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre, capturing four ships of the line, two frigates and seven merchantmen. In consequence, Anson became very popular, and was promoted to Vice Admiral and elevated to the peerage as Lord Anson, Baron of Soberton, in the County of Southampton
A King George IVth Police Constable's Truncheon Painted with the King's cypher and crown. A fair amount of paint wear but still a nice example. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King George IVth Police Tipstaff With areas of painted finish lacking. Traditional of uppermost cylindrical form with a turned grip. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King George Vth Long Service Good Conduct Officer Pair To a Sjt then Lt. of the Royal Garrison Artillery.
A King George Vth Royal Navy Mine Clearance Badge & Two Medals. A WW1 Civilisation medal, named, to Telegraph Operator RNVR F.A.Dyde and the London County Council Kings Medal 1911-12, also named, complete with his large Mine Clearance sleeve badge, a lovely set for one of the unsung heroes of the British naval service. He joined the in 25th Sept 1916. Served on the Pembroke Cormorant Duke and Hannibal. Joining the MCS IN May 1919. Mine clearing was undoubtedly one of the most dangerous and perilous tasks that can be asked of a sailor, and to volunteer for such tasks demanded a special kind of bravery and dedication to service. The Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve was established in 1903 and was made up of volunteers who served both on-shore and at sea. It was merged with the Royal Naval Reserve in 1958. The Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve also administered the Mine Clearance Service (MCS), although men came from all branches of the Royal Navy. The MCS was established in 1919 to clear all sea mines. A lot of the mine clearance badges seen today are copies, made in the 1970's and after. It is very scarce to see an original example, with the owner's medals of service, awarded before and during WW1. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve: First World War. WAR FLEET SERVICE DIVISIONS. London. Dyde, Frederick Albert. Service Number: Z/6173. RNVR Division: London. Date of Birth: 26 September 1898.
A King William IVth 1830 Police Special Constable's Truncheon Decorated body with remains of crown WR and Special Constable . Made by Parker of Holborn. A fair amount of surface wear, but a very honest early piece by the best maker.
A Knights Rowel Spur of the 16th Century With Buckle From the era of the War of The Holy League. An alliance between King Henry VIII, Pope Julius II, Venice and Ferdinand of Spain against the feared force of France and Germany under the brilliant command of the 21 year old Gaston de Foix. The Papal alliance suffered very badly against the young General but they eventually defeated and killed him at the Ronco River during the siege of Ravenna. After his death the French forces were crushed at Novara by the Swiss, the German Landsknechts fled their French army comrades and the English marched into France from Calais, and it was only due to the indecisiveness of the alliance forces that France was eventually saved immediately before the war was over.
A Koto Chisa Katana With A Beautiful O-Sukashi Tsuba and Shibuishi Mounts Circa 1590. This is a truly delightful quality sword with beautiful mounts finely decorated in pure gold. The tsuba represents the clan mon [crest] of it's samurai owner. The blade is in full Edo polish with a most attractive undulating gunome hamon. The mounts are early late Koto to Edo period shibuishi, the kashira is iron, decorated with a relief chisselled sage wearing a gold inlaid kimono. The fushi is also on an iron ground, and decorated in pure gold, onlaid on to the iron, and is a relief decorated prunus tree. The Koto period tsuba is an o-sukashi mon design. The surface of the blade has just a few combat scratches mainly to one side. The hilt has been expertly rebound in imported black Japanese silk Ito and the saya traditionally relacquered in black. The Chisa Katana is a slightly shorter Katana highly suitable for two handed, or two sword combat, or, combat within enclosed areas such as castles or buildings. As such they were often the sword of choice for the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo, and generally the only warriors permitted to be armed in his presence. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. Daimyo were the most powerful feudal rulers from the 10th century to the 19th century in Japan. The term "daimyo" literally means "great name." From the shugo of the Muromachi period through the sengoku to the daimyo of the Edo period, the rank had a long and varied history. The term "Daimyo" is also sometimes used to refer to the leading figures of such clans, also called "lord". It was usually, though not exclusively, from these warlords that a shogun arose or a regent was chosen It has a long 10.5 inch tsuka and a 22 inch blade tsuba to tip.
A Koto Era Samurai Katana Sword Guard Tsuba, Circa 1500 In iron with inlaid clan mon in brass, depicting many swastika symbols. An most interesting and ancient piece of Samurai history. Although today, we look at brass as an inexpensive and common metal. In ancient times, brass was highly prized until the technology of mass-producing it was invented. The yellow colour of brass resembles gold but brass is much harder and more durable. Before its use on tsuba, brass was often used to make Buddhist altar ornaments and religious objects. at the time of its creation, brass was considered more precious than gold. The tsuba is the hand guard of a Japanese sword. It served several purposes. The tsuba balanced the sword. And it protected the hand of the sword holder from an attack by an enemy as well as from gliding into the sword blade. The third purpose was a more refined one. The Japanese tsuba developed into a kind of a status symbol for the sword owner.
A Koto Era, Ancient 600 Year Old Samurai Katana Sword of Phenomenal Beauty A sword that is a stunning example of original Samurai warfare from the great Warring era and the one of the greatest periods of war in the history of ancient Japan. And this is one of the most beautiful swords it has been our priveledge to own for some time, it would have been the sword of a most high ranking samurai or warlord, the quality of the Soten mounts and it's overall fitting would reflect the rank and status of it's owner. The last samurai who wore this magnificent sword would have been only too aware he was using a sword that would have been carried in battle by up to 30 samurai, or even more, before him. It is singularly, splendid, and a sumptuous sword set with strikingly, superb, sublime and stunning Edo period Soten mounts of Shakudo and finest gold with a beautiful matching Tsuba also signed. A highly hand polished and coloured rayskin saya of the finest quality, showing really wide nodules only to be seen in the finest Same [ pronouced Sahmay], that was made form the skin of the greatest giant ray. And judging by the size of the polished down nodules, an ancient fish never seen today. A most slender, elegant blade, fully polished, showing the typical Koto era chu-sugaha hamon and small Kissaki of the 1350 to 1400's and a lovely running grain in the hada with a few typical ware allways expected to be present in very early and ancient swords of this era. The sword would have been used in the Onin War period (1467–1477) which led to serious political fragmentation and obliteration of domains: a great struggle for land and power ensued among bushi chieftains and lasted until the mid-sixteenth century. Peasants rose against their landlords and samurai against their overlords, as central control virtually disappeared. The imperial house was left impoverished, and the bakufu was controlled by contending chieftains in Kyoto. The provincial domains that emerged after the Onin War were smaller and easier to control. Many new small daimyo arose from among the samurai who had overthrown their great overlords. Border defenses were improved, and well fortified castle towns were built to protect the newly opened domains, for which land surveys were made, roads built, and mines opened. New house laws provided practical means of administration, stressing duties and rules of behavior. Emphasis was put on success in war, estate management, and finance. Threatening alliances were guarded against through strict marriage rules. Aristocratic society was overwhelmingly military in character. The rest of society was controlled in a system of vassalage. The shoen (feudal manors) were obliterated, and court nobles and absentee landlords were dispossessed. The new daimyo directly controlled the land, keeping the peasantry in permanent serfdom in exchange for protection Mumei o suriagi Nakago
A Koto Period 1500's Samurai Tanto With Original Edo Fittings Copper fushi kashira, with copper menuki of a carp with a bat and a marlin. The habaki is two piece, and the saya is black lacquer but requires a kurigata that we can make. It also has a one piece silver inlaid kodzuka knife. The blade has a nice notare hamon and one small area of pitting near the habaki. A carved buffalo horn tsuba. Blade around 500 years old. Tanto first began to appear in the Heian period, however these blades lacked artistic qualities and were purely weapons. In the Early Kamakura period high quality tanto with artistic qualities began to appear, and the famous Yoshimitsu (the greatest tanto maker in Japanese history) began his forging. Tanto production increased greatly around the Muromachi period and then dropped off in the Shinto period. Shinto period tanto are quite rare. Tanto were mostly carried by Samurai; commoners did not generally carry them. Women sometimes carried a small tanto called a kaiken in their obi for self defence.It was sometimes worn as the shoto in place of a wakizashi in a daisho, especially on the battlefield. Before the 16th century it was common for a Samurai to carry a tachi and a tanto as opposed to a katana and a wakizashi. The saya lacquer has a few small natural age surface chips.
A Koto Period 900-1500AD Tanto Dagger Tsuba In iron with silver inlaid boar's eye decoration. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Large & Stunning, Antique Ivory Mounted 'Dragon' Jinja Tachi A Beautiful huge Jinja Tachi of sectional carved ivory [possibly walrus] depicting entwined relief Dragons. Most likely made for presentation to a Shinto Shrine or for an Exhibition during the 19th Century. The blade is old, worn and in a retired state, as is usual for swords of this form. Overall 43.5 inches long.This is a singularly attractive piece showing beautifully skilled carving, of full relief Dragons. This item must not to be confused with the relatively common, tourist 'export market' pieces, produced in Japan since the early 20th century, in fairly large numbers, which have crude, basic and rudimentary carving. The sword shows some small areas of old damage.
A Large And Hugely Impressive Antique Chief's Spearhead Extraordinary large size leaf shaped spear head in forged iron with central rib, likely a lance head for the tribal chief or king to carry as his badge of rank. 17.5 inches long o/a, 4.75 inches wide, weighs just over 1.5 pounds. Likely from the Gogo, Nyaturu, Irangi North at the Southeast side of Lake Victoria from the Sukuma and Washashi. The GoGo , a fierce, warlike tribe that Stanley passed on his way to Ujiji, looking for Livingstone .
A Large Calibre 1860's Pinfire Revolver. Fully Deep Chisseled Engraving This is a very pretty pistol, made for a man of extravagence and style. With most attractive ivy leaf and vine pattern grips in ivorine. The steel is good but has a few small areas of old pitting. Single action. General 'Stonewall' Jackson owned a pair of most similar pistols, and Wild Bill Hickok carried a pair of ivory gripped engraved revolvers. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Large Edo Period Iron Plate Mokko Tsuba With Chiselled Willow Tree Beautifully chisseled. For a sizeable katana. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other.
A Large, Rare, Duraluminum Zeppelin Bowl It is a large bowl that might have been used for holding fruit or other such items. It is made from Duraluminum, a very expensive and seldom-used metal, except for the construction of zeppelins. Often when a zeppelin crashed in the early days, the framework was recycled and used to sell items such as this to the very patriotic German people. This bowl measures 9.25" x 11." It sports a likeness of Graf von Zeppelin and an early zeppelin in the sky. We have seen cups and bowls of this nature before, but this is the largest one we have ever seen.
A Late 18th Century Arabian Pirate's Long Miquelet Pistol A pistol with a most distinctive miquelet lock, most highly prized by the Barbary Corsairs. A pistol with most flamboyant yet naïve brass fittings and steel lock, and a good strong tight action. A most effective pistol that once discharged made an excellent club for knocking an opponant insensible [if he was lucky]. The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, but they primarily operated in the western Mediterranean. In addition to seizing ships, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns and villages, mainly in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal, but also in Great Britain and Ireland, the Netherlands and as far away as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Muslim market in North Africa and the Middle East. While such raids had occurred since soon after the Muslim conquest of the region, the terms Barbary pirates and Barbary corsairs are normally applied to the raiders active from the 16th century onwards, when the frequency and range of the slavers' attacks increased and Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli came under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, either as directly administered provinces or as autonomous dependencies known as the Barbary States. Similar raids were undertaken from Salé and other ports in Morocco, but strictly speaking Morocco, which never came under Ottoman dominance, was not one of the Barbary States. Corsairs captured thousands of ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants, discouraging settlement until the 19th century. From the 16th to 19th century, corsairs captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves. Some corsairs were European outcasts and converts such as John Ward and Zymen Danseker. Hayreddin Barbarossa and Oruç Reis, the Barbarossa brothers, who took control of Algiers on behalf of the Ottomans in the early 16th century, were also famous corsairs. The European pirates brought state-of-the-art sailing and shipbuilding techniques to the Barbary Coast around 1600, which enabled the corsairs to extend their activities into the Atlantic Ocean, and the impact of Barbary raids peaked in the early to mid-17th century. The scope of corsair activity began to diminish in the latter part of the 17th century, as the more powerful European navies started to compel the Barbary States to make peace and cease attacking their shipping. However, the ships and coasts of Christian states without such effective protection continued to suffer until the early 19th century. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1814-5 European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary corsairs entirely and the threat was largely subdued, although occasional incidents continued until finally terminated by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830. The pistol has an old crack in the butt.
A Late 18th Century Infantry Officer's Hangar From The 1780's Good steel hilt in the spadroon form, with a carved fluted ebony hilt and curved fullered blade. A good original King George IIIrd period officer's sword, from the late American War of Independence period.
A Late Victorian Model Desk Cannon Cast Bronze Cannon Barrel set on an oak Ship's Deck Carriage. A beautiful and most attractive gentleman's desk ornament. 9 inch barrel 11,5 inches overall. Brass wheels [1 missing]. A simple and small item to replace with the most basic of engineering skills required.
A Late War 'Ersatz' German Steel Infantry Combat Helmet Circa 1918 Made without the M16 pattern helmet lugs [for the mounting of a sniper plate]. Basic rivets in place of the lugs. In the late war period German manufacturing was suffering through lack of basic materials so ersatz patterns were made in the form of bayonets, helmets and other kit. Although a non standard helmet it is collectable and interesting due to it's economy construction. No liner remaining. Designed by Freidrich Schwerd of the Hannover Technical Institute the M16. This pattern of helmet was first issued to the 1st Assault Battalion in December 1915 for evaluation. The first combat issue, to frontline troops, was at Verdun at the end of January 1916. Upon mobilization in 1914 that regiment was part of the German 29th Infantry Division [thus, part of the German XIVth Army Corps]. In World War I, the division served primarily on the Western Front, seeing action at the Battle of the Frontiers and then moving north during the Race to the Sea. It participated in some of the more well-known battles and campaigns of the Western Front, including the 1916 Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Verdun, the Second Battle of the Aisne (also known as the Third Battle of Champagne and to the Germans as the Double Battle on the Aisne and in the Champagne), and against the Allied Hundred Days Offensive [starting with the Battle of Amiens, the period is also sometimes referred to as the "Advance to Victory."] It has a lot of original paint present.
A Long, Horse Holster Flintlock Pistol Of the Ottoman Empire Fancy cast and chisseled brass mounts, including a long eared butt with very fine and elegant casting designs. Long 12 inch steel barrel. Fully engraved lock with fine intricate floral scrolls. Good quality walnut stock, of an excellent close grain, very nicely scroll engraved. Circa 1790. Pistols of this form were not only popular in the whole Ottoman Empire, but also throughout the whole Mediterranean region and southern Europe during the entire Napoleonic wars period and for some considerable time after. Very tight lock indeed. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent 1763 Silver Sword, Identical To George Washington's Sword. And it is very rare to be complete, in it's original silver and leather scabbard, By London silversmith, William Kinman. 99.9% of all swords from this era do not survive with their original scabbards. With two volumes of the life of George Washinton, publ' 1832. Including a copy of the hand drawn letter "A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled." This is a near identical, original, example to Washington's sword that was worn by Washington during his inauguration as President in New York on April 30, 1789. It was given to him by his friend, Maj. Gen. William Drake. Washington's sword now resides in Morristown National Historic Park. This sword was made in hallmarked solid silver in 1763, by famed London smith Walter Brind. London was the primary base as makers of finest swords for famous notables. This sword was worn in the revolutionary war by either an American or British officer. It was part of a 'George Washington' collection of original American Revolutionary War Swords, used in the war, that match famous swords, either worn by or surrendered to, General George Washington. George Washington was the first President of the United States (1789–1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation and which remains the supreme law of the land. Washington was elected President as the unanimous choice of the electors in 1788, and he served two terms in office. He oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe, suppressed rebellion, and won acceptance among Americans of all types. His leadership style established many forms and rituals of government that have been used since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. Further, the peaceful transition from his presidency to the presidency of John Adams established a tradition that continues into the 21st century. Washington was hailed as "father of his country" even during his lifetime. Washington was born into the provincial gentry of Colonial Virginia; his wealthy planter family owned tobacco plantations and slaves. After both his father and older brother died when he was young, Washington became personally and professionally attached to the powerful William Fairfax, who promoted his career as a surveyor and soldier. Washington quickly became a senior officer in the colonial forces during the first stages of the French and Indian War. Chosen by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 to be commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, Washington managed to force the British out of Boston in 1776, but was defeated and almost captured later that year when he lost New York City. After crossing the Delaware River in the dead of winter, he defeated the British in two battles, retook New Jersey and restored momentum to the Patriot cause. Because of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured two major British armies at Saratoga in 1777 and Yorktown in 1781. Historians laud Washington for his selection and supervision of his generals, encouragement of morale and ability to hold together the army, coordination with the state governors and state militia units, relations with Congress and attention to supplies, logistics, and training. In battle, however, Washington was repeatedly outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies. After victory had been finalized in 1783, Washington resigned as Commander-in-chief rather than seize power, proving his opposition to dictatorship and his commitment to American republicanism. Dissatisfied with the weaknesses of the Continental Congress, in 1787 Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention that devised a new Federal government of the United States. Elected unanimously as the first President of the United States in 1789, he attempted to bring rival factions together to unify the nation. He supported Alexander Hamilton's programs to pay off all state and national debt, to implement an effective tax system and to create a national bank (despite opposition from Thomas Jefferson). Washington proclaimed the United States neutral in the wars raging in Europe after 1793. He avoided war with Great Britain and guaranteed a decade of peace and profitable trade by securing the Jay Treaty in 1795, despite intense opposition from the Jeffersonians. Although he never officially joined the Federalist Party, he supported its programs. Washington's Farewell Address was an influential primer on republican virtue and a warning against partisanship, sectionalism, and involvement in foreign wars. He retired from the presidency in 1797 and returned to his home, Mount Vernon, and his domestic life where he managed a variety of enterprises. He freed all his slaves by his final will. In 1976 Wilkinson Sword company made limited edition copies of this sword and these modern copies can now fetch four figure sums.
A Magnificent Antique Renaissance Style Classical Iron Parade Shield Decorated in great detail with a lion's head central boss surrounded with classical combat scenes from antiquity. Made in the Victorian period during the Renaissance revival period, when amazing artifacts by such great artists as Cellini were copied to decorate the interiors of stately homes and castles around Europe. This shield bears a wonderous scene of armoured warriors and princes 'a la antica' style . This shield is a work of art, made for display rather than battle. During the 16th century armour was not only used in war and tournaments but was worn for parades, royal entries into towns and other state occasions to denote the wealth, status and majesty of noble households. This shield recalls a sixteenth-century tradition in which armour and weapons made for parade and display were as much the products of the goldsmith as the armourer. 21.25 inches across, small rim edge lacking, Weight 6 kilos
A Magnificent Imperial German Book On Zeppelin, Gold Relief Embossed Crest This is the most glorious looking huge book bearing a huge gold crest on the front cover. On it's appearance alone, one cannot fail to be impressed by the beauty of it's stunning, pure gold embossed cover. Zeppelin-Denkmal für das Deutsche Volk . Hildebrand, Hans. Stuttgart, Germania Verlag (1925). Vorzugsausgabe (deluxe edition). Folio. xii, 387pp. on glossy paper. Black cloth with gold-embossed coat of arms and gold border on front cover, gold lettering on front board and spine. Color frontispiece of Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin protected by tissue guard. Illustrated title-page. Facsimile inscription by Zeppelin, dated 1914. Title page: "Zeppelin-Denkmal für das Deutsche Volk aus Anlass des fünfundzwanzigenjährigen Jubiläums des ersten Luftschiff-Aufstiegs des Grafen Zeppelin. Herausgegeben unter Mitwirkung der Luftschiffbau Zeppelin G.M.B.H. Friedrichshafen A.B." Published to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Zeppelin's first flight in his airship. Profusely illustrated with b/w reproductions of photographs, drawings, various documents as well as 4 color plates (incl. frontis). Text in German. Slight age wear and scuffing on binding. All gilt edges. Minor staining to page edges. Binding in very good, interior in near fine condition. Elaborate publication in a spectacular binding. 11 x 14 inches
A Magnificent Italian Roman-Lock Holster Pistol by Tommaso Piani 1740 This is an wonderful example of finest Italian Gunsmithing that illustrates just how skillful the Italian master gunsmiths were. Likely made for one of the great nobles of the day, and used during the Seven Years War period, and continually on through the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. With three-stage barrel stamped 'Mafeo Francino' on the fluted octagonal breech, engraved flat bevelled lock with a trophy of arms on the tail and maker's signature on the inner side, highly figured moulded rootwood full stock (minor cracks), full brass mounts engraved with foliage and trophies of arms and including shaped side-plate and escutcheon, baluster ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod 18½in. (47cm.) Mafeo Francino is recorded in Gardone in circa 1730. The signature inside the lock is probably that of Tommaso Piani, recorded in 1751 Acquired by the late owner in Zagreb (Croatia) in 1927 or 1928 Gardone Val Trompia for Trompia for several generations in the 17th and 18th centuries), As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Koto Katana, Circa 1500. With Gold Mounts Sunagawa Masayoshi Tsuba. A 500 year old original samurai sword of superb quality, with a blade that bears an absolutely breathtaking and fine quality, deeply undulating hamon, somewhat similar to sanbonsugi [three cedar pattern] with a beautiful O kissaki. The original Edo period fittings and saya are of delightful quality, and all the mounts are decorated with purest gold. The whole effect is simply outstanding. It has a very fine kikubana sukashi tsuba with a tetsumigakiji, Sunagawa Masayoshi school. From the Edo period the Sunagawa school derived from the artists trained by teachers from within the Yokoya school founded by Yokoya Somin. The Ishiguro (by way of the Sunagawa school) and Iwamoto schools had the same antecedents. The botan (peony) was a common theme in this school. In it's stunning original Edo lacquer saya, with a beautiful multi lined design. 28 inch blade tsuba to tip.
A Magnificent Ship's Captain's Blunderbuss Pistol With Spring Bayonet Made by Richards of London Circa 1795. They were well recorded finest English gunmakers, and documented makers of [Captain's] 'Blunderbuss Pistoles with Cannone barrels, and some wythe Bayonettes'. This wonderful and delightfully large bore cannon barrel pistol has a brass barrel with an undersprung bayonet, with spring release from the trigger guard, a slab sided walnut grip and a bronze frame superbly and finely engraved with stands of arms and the maker's name and London, side mounted horn tipped ramrod. Ship's Captains found such impressive guns so desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for imtimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned. However, this gun also has the rarely seen feature of a spring loaded bayonet, that could double it's effectiveness by threat or action. Please be aware this pistol, may, from the photographs, appear to look the same size as a standard boxlock pocket pistol of that era, but, it is much larger, of 'Manstopper bore' and weighing around 1 kilo. 17.5 inches long with bayonet extended. Bayonet spring with lack of tension [repairable]. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Victorian Merryweather Stately Home Fire Service Helmet This helmet is an absolute beauty and one of the best preserved we have seen in many, many, years. Although the liner has faired somewhat poorly over time. Made for a great estate, somewhat similar to the world reknown Downton Abbey [that of course is an estate of fiction] but that great house and it's estate are still very much real. It has a superb stately home badge for the Pylwell Park Fire Brigade. These fire helmets created for the landed gentry great estates of England are now very rare and highly collectable. There may have only been half a dozen ever made for this brigade, and the old estate fire brigades very much a thing of the long distant past.
A Marlin 1870's 'Wild West' Revolver. John M. Marlin was born in Connecticut in 1836, and served his apprenticeship as a tool and die maker. During the Civil War, he worked at the Colt plant in Hartford, and in 1870 hung out his sign on State Street, New Haven, to start manufacturing his own line of revolvers and derringers. This is a beautiful example of an early Marlin Model 1872 Pocket Revolver known as the XXX Standard. Standard 3 1/8" round barrel with S&W style tip-up action. 5 shot cylinder in caliber .30 Rimfire. With cylinder flutes..made in 1873. Nickle plated barrel is marked "XXX STANDARD 1872" on top of the rib with left side of the barrel marked "JM Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873"..30 rim fire caliber, 5 shot revolver spur trigger, tip-up reloading action. Manufactured from 1873 to 1876, and production was only approximately 10,000. This revolver is serial number 856. It made a great hideaway gun for a gambler, with the cartridge remover taken off for ease of positioning and sliding into a boot, and, most intrigueingly, it has an inset sideplate of a Victorian farthing [a 'quarter of a penny' coin]. Maybe a souvenir of a card game against an Englishman in the 1880's. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Massive Mortimer of London, Boxlock Pistol Of An Incredible .75 inch Bore Circa 1840. We cannot recall ever seeing a boxlock pistol of such a bore, weight and size, ever before. For a pistol of this type it is absolutely massive, as large a bore as a brown bess musket. The surface is overall russetted and the grip to one side has had an old contemporary repair. Mortimer is one of the greatest ever names in English guns, and this was likely a special one-off order for a customer than needed something immensely powerful, with the power of a hand cannon, yet easy to carry. It feels like a version of the specialised truncheon pistol, where it can be utilized as a most powerful deadly cosh after it has been discharged. We show in the gallery a photo of it alongside a standard, more normal boxlock, and that way one can see it's incredible mass by comparison. The foldaway trigger opens loosely by itself.
A Massive Original Antique Brookes and Crookes Bowie Knife A finest Sheffield Bowie US import. One of the great Sheffield Bowies, by one of the distinguished Gold Medal winning cutlers that were so famous and eargerly sought after in the burgeoning American West in the 19th century. All the best knives used at that time in the States were more often than not Sheffield imports, and the big bladed ones, such as this, the most expoensive and sought after. At the blades forte it bears the makers mark of Brookes and Crookes, and Sheffield. Very large double edged Bowie blade 10.75 inches long. With all it's original cross grain polish, some edge nicks and hand edge sharpening, original leather scabbard with belt loop. Brookes & Crookes was a knife and instrument maker partnership founded in around 1850 by John Brookes and Thomas Crookes. In Melville & Co's Commercial Directory of Sheffield 1859 the company appears as " manufacturers of spring-knives and dressing case instruments". The company was always a smaller operation when compared to one of the larger firms such as Joseph Rodgers, employing at most 200 workers compared to tens times that at Rodgers. But they produced quality products, with their renown name a "Badge of Excellence". In the Paris Exhibition of 1867 they were awarded the only Gold Medal as Cutlers In the Philadelphia Centennial of 1876 they were awarded the first class prize. And in the Paris Exhibition of 1878 they were awarded the gold medal. A writer in the Sheffield Weekly Independent for November 19th, 1887, having heard that the famous cutler Mr. 'Brookes of Sheffield' was living at 'Woodbourne,' says that he went there to call upon him. "I found that it was a large, handsomely-built house but with its former glories sadly dimmed by the soot and grime from the neighbouring colliery . . , After ringing twice, I was admitted by Mrs. Brookes, a kind-looking lady of fifty or sixty years of age, and in the comfortable dining room, seated in a large easy chair by the side of a brightly blazing fire, was Mr. Brookes, to whom I was introduced. Courteously he motioned me to be seated, and I then explained the nature of my errand. I said I had been informed that he was the original Brookes of Sheffield, to whom reference was made by Charles Dickens in 'David Copperfield.' 'That is so,' he replied, and at once asked Mrs. Brookes to bring him the author's copy which the great-novelist sent to him in 1851, with a statement on the fly leaf in Dickens' handwriting to the effect that it was presented to Brookes of Sheffield by Charles Dickens.". Although this blade has signs of use at it's edge and the hand sharpening, it is in remarkable condition and to have original polish crossgraining is pretty exceptional.
A Mid 19th Century Prussian Cavalry Sword With three bar brass hilt and curved blade by W.Walschied of Solingen. A typical cavalry sword from the Crimean War period, and many were purchased by for the US and Confederate States for use in the Civil War.
A Mk IV Periscope An Interesting Piece of WW2 British Tank Equipment Marked the MK IV Periscope and dated 1945. Possibly the Vickers Mk IV Tank Scope, as used on the Churchill and the Sherman. Lenses a/f. Total length inc. handle 28 inches
A Most Amusing and Scarce Pepperbox Derringer Revolver Or "Fist" Pistol A stunning little English 6 barrel revolver of small proportions that simply ticks all the boxes of the unusual and rare Victorian gun collector's desires. In 19th century France these pistols were called "Apache" or "Fist" pistols ["coup de poing", translating to "fist blow"] and were much favoured by the Parisian street gangs. It is unusual to see one of the rare English examples as most were made in France or Belgium. Its long, fluted cylinder is a modified pepperbox design made from a single piece of metal, and the front end of the cylinder axis pin is supported by a bracket screwed to the front end of the lower frame. The breech consists of a thick, flat, circular plate with a semi-circular opening cut out on the right-hand side so that the weapon could be loaded from the breech end. This opening is filled by a bottom-hinged gate shaped to match the circular breech block, which is held closed by a small, horizontal, L-shaped spring lever screwed below it on the frame. Within the butt is the lanyard ring. Folding trigger. 2.75 inch long cylinder barrel, 4.25 inches long overall. The whole pistol fits comfortably within a single hand. Good working action, but, ineffective trigger return spring.
A Most Ancient and Singularly Beautiful Koto Samurai Katana, Circa 1400, With very rare tang stamp. From the Nambokucho to Muramachi era. Very, very unusually bearing a mon type stamp, tachi mei, of a stylised flower head. The iron tuba is signed and bears a pair of seated and standing goats. The pure gold onlaid Shishi on shakudo look to be a natural pose, more character in the facial details, and the tail and mane are more free-flowing, with three ball tails, on nanako ground, probably Goto or Yokoya school. The original Edo saya is beautifully detailed with onlaid pine needles, all layered in a precise irregular pattern so devised as to appear entirely natural. It is so typical of Japanese art to spend hundreds of hours on intense and intricate work in order for a work of art to appear as if it's entirely accidental and naturally formed. The blade has a nice notare hamon and the hada is naturally a little worn on one side due to it's great age. The stamp on the tang is exceptionally unusual, somewhat similar to a clan kamon but may be a symbol of a daimyo to be applied on his samurai warriors swords or to identify a particular smith who used a stamp instead of kanji. We have seen one mark similar, only once, about thirty years ago, and we never discovered the exact purpose of that one either. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the influence of the Ashikaga shoguns and the government in Kyoto declined to practically nothing. The political newcomers of the Muromachi period were members of land owning, military families (ji-samurai). By first cooperating and then surpassing provincial constables, a few of them achieved influence over whole provinces. Those new feudal lords were to be called daimyo. They exerted the actual control over the different parts of Japan, and continuously fought against each other for several decades during the complicated age of civil wars (Sengoku jidai). Some of the most powerful lords were the Takeda, Uesugi and Hojo in the East, and Ouchi, Mori, and Hosokawa in the West. This sword would have likely been in the possession of it's second or third samurai owner when the he Sengoku period or the Warring States Period in Japanese history started in earnest. It was a time of great social upheaval, political intrigue, and nearly constant military conflict that lasted roughly from the middle of the 15th century to the beginning of the 17th century. Its name is a reference to the Warring States period in ancient China, and it is sometimes called by that name in English. The Sengoku period in Japan would eventually lead to the unification of political power under the Tokugawa shogunate
A Most Attractive 18th-19th Century Dagger Silver, Horn and Ivory Décor This is an unusual dagger, most charming indeed, with some very nice quality features. The scabbard is un hallmarked solid silver and the hilt is carved horn with an ivory centre section and inlaid with silver. The pommel is silver, egg shaped with central abnd of horn. The blade has a most elegant shape with fine line engraving and a complimentary engraved overlaid brass ricasso. There is a near identical dagger in the British Museum collection. It is also described In "African Arms and Armour" by Christopher Spring with a most similar dagger is assigned to Reguibat Arabs of Southern Morocco. These daggers show the influence of the Hispano-Moorish civilisation which flourished in the Iberian peninsula and North Africa at the beginning of the second millenium AD. This influence is also reflected in local textile traditions. Reguibat fractions extended from Western Sahara into the northern half of Mauritania, the edges of southern Morocco and northern Mali, and large swaths of western Algeria (where they captured the town of Tindouf from the Tajakant tribe in 1895, and turned into an important Reguibat encampment). The Reguibat were known for their skill as warriors, as well as for an uncompromising tribal independence, and dominated large areas of the Sahara desert through both trade and use of arms. Reguibat Sahrawis were very prominent in the resistance to French and Spanish colonization in the 19th century This beautiful dagger is, overall 32cm long 19cm blade. Our thanks to Martin Lubojacký for information as to it's origins
A Most Attractive 19th Century Powder Flask Decorated With Game Embossed on both sides with roccoco moulding and panels of hanging game including, stags and large game birds. Brass spout with god spring action. All original lacquer present.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Sword Circa 1840. Boat Form Hilt Possibly either American or French. Inspired by the 18th century French guard officer's sword this is very similar to both the 1831 pattern American Infantry sword, or, the 1840 US militia pattern NCO's sword. The helmet pattern pommel was most popular in America at this time, and both the French Army and American State militias used it. Very nice order throughout, old metal band repair to leather scabbard midsection. Solingen, 'Weyersberg' King's head makers mark to blade forte. A recorded maker to both France and America both before and during the Civil War era
A Most Attractive 19th Century W. Ingrams Patent Musket Powder Flask Decorated with fine shell repousse work. Very nice condition, good spring. 7.75 inches long overall
A Most Attractive and Beautiful Koto Era Wakazashi. With original Edo period saya of very fine quality painted with a flowering branch and an exotic bird. Namban sukashi tsuba. Copper habaki, copper fushi and carved horn kashira, bronze menuki. Fine blade with very nice hamon. Two hole mumei nakago. Circa 1550.Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", notes that there did not seem to be any particular need for the wakizashi and suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi [waist sash].
A Most Attractive and Intriguing Antique Ivory Mounted Kabyle Musket A nice quality 18th century long gun with an earlier lock, probably of a Berber tribesman or of the Kabyle people. The Kabyle Musket or moukalla (moukhala) was a type of musket widely used in North Africa, produced by many native tribes and nations. Two systems of gunlock prevailed in Kabyle guns, one, which derived from Dutch and English types of snaphance lock, usually with a thicker lockplate. Half cock was provided by a dog catch behind the cock. At full cock, the sear passing through the lockplate engaged the heel of the cock. The other mechanism was the so-called Arab toe-lock, a form of miquelet lock, closely allied to the agujeta lock (which required a back or dog catch for half cock) and the Italian romanlock. The term miquelet is used today to described a particular type of Snaplock. The miquelet lock, in all varieties, was common for several centuries in the countries surrounding the Mediterranean, particularly in Spain, Italy, the Balkans, and the Ottoman Empire domains including the coastal states of North Africa. The type of musket would be described as a Kabyle snaphance or a Kabyle miquelet. The calibre of musket ball fired was large in the .67 range. These guns were very long, this one is around 65 inches. The barrel alone is 50 inches in length, and bears British proof marks . The barrel is retained in the stock by 8 iron and brass, (capucines). The stock and trumpet-shaped butt is enhanced with a carved ivory butt. With a good Snaphaunce lock of 17th century form, fine detailed engraving around the stock, distinctive deep flattened butt, and the stock is inlaid with Ivory and an Ivory butt plate. 8 barrel cappucines. In Europe these most distinctive and elaborate Snaphaunce guns gained great favour in the Elizabethan era and their influence was greatly felt in Arabia, originally along the eastern trade routes, that were travelled and used by early Europeans in order to buy the finest eastern silks, gemstones & spices. They were continually used in the Middle East and the Maghrib long after they had become unfashionable in Europe. One of the most renown Berbers in history was Saint Augustine it is said of him "Of all the fathers of the church, St. Augustine was the most admired and the most influential during the Middle Ages ... Augustine was an outsider - a native North African whose family was not Roman but Berber ... He was a genius - an intellectual giant" Interestingly this gun would have been likely last used in the resistance battle against French colonial conquest of Algeria, and one of the most famous was a woman, a warrior leader called Lalla Fadhma n'Soumer (born Fadhma Nat Sid Hmed in Abi Youcef, Algeria c.1830) She was an important figure of the Algerian resistance movement during the first years of the French colonial conquest of Algeria. She was seen as the embodiment of the struggle. Lalla, the female equivalent of sidi, is an honorific reserved for women of high rank, or who are venerated as saints. Fadhma is the Berber/French spelling of the Arabic name Fatima, which is colloquially pronounced Fatma in most Arabic dialects as well as Berber. She is shown in the gallery posed with her Kabyle and pistol engaged in combat with French soldiers.
A Most Attractive Carved Bone Walking Stick of a Serpent and Globe Compass A ball held in the mouth of a monster sea serpent carved with a removable top, that reveals a card compass, printed Salem Semery [a well fitted new replacement]. The globe is engraved with points of the compass, sailing ships, whales and a man observing with his spy glass. The handle terminates with a multi wire bound turks head knot . Mallacca cane in good sound order. One very small retaining pin has been expertly replaced
A Most Attractive German Porcelain Beer Stein For Airship Battalion Soldier Superbly decorated vintage Old Comrades beer stein with military devices state crest, airships planes and anchor, and an eagle mounted pewter lid. Within the base is a porcelain lithophane, that when presented to light, after drinking the contents of beer, one can see through the base a normally invisible portrait picture of a nude lady. On the base is a soldier's name and his name appears on the regiments roster on the left side of the tankard. The "Golden Age of Airships" began in July 1900 with the launch of the Luftschiff Zeppelin LZ1. This led to the most successful airships of all time: the Zeppelins. These were named after Count von Zeppelin who began working on rigid airship designs in the 1890s, leading to the badly flawed LZ1 in 1900 and the more successful LZ2 in 1906. At the beginning of World War I the Zeppelin airships had a framework composed of triangular lattice girders, covered with fabric and containing separate gas cells. Multi-plane, later cruciform, tail surfaces were used for control and stability, and two engine/crew cars hung beneath the hull driving propellers attached to the sides of the frame by means of long drive shafts. Additionally, there was a passenger compartment (later a bomb bay) located halfway between the two cars. 11 inches high
A Most Attractive German Stoneware Graf Zeppelin Commerative Beer Stein, inscribed Deutsche Luftschiffer Ausstellung in Frankfurt a.M. 1909, heavily embossed and coloured with a view of the Eschesheimerturm and the Altstadt, with cathedral of Frankfurt, two Zeppelin airships overhead and portrait of Graf Zeppelin enclosed by wreath, with moulded pewter cover, the spine stamped 525, the underside stamped with two sealing wax seals and an impressed mark Alt-Grenzal 1894 -- 9¾in. (24.5cm.) high
A Most Attractive Koto Katana, Circa 1550, With Superb, Beautiful Mounts. The blade, after polishing, has revealed some rather intense areas of tempering in clouds, and one side of the kissaki is almost in full body temper, that is quite remarkable. Unusual indeed, and overall this is a very impressive, and a most interesting early blade. The mounts are old Higo school, inlaid with pure silver on russetted iron, with a stunning pair of gold silver and bronze menuki of a ken with a varjira [an ancient sword and lightening maker] wrapped with a dragon. The wrap is an old white wrap, although now aged to cream colour. The tsuba is iron, mid Koto period, with a design of the Rays of Buddha. Used some fifty years before and thus during the time of the Battle of Sekigahara, the great conflict that saw a revolutionary change in the entire culture of Japan and it's leadership by the victors, the Tokugawa. The Sengoku or "Warring States" period of Japanese history lasted from 1467 - 1615 AD. During this time warlords and their samurai armies waged civil war. In 1590 Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded in uniting Japan under his rule. After his death there was a power struggle between a coalition of Eastern clans led by Tokugawa Ieyasu and a Western coalition led by Ishida Mitsunari. Their final showdown occurred near the town of Sekigahara in 1600 AD. The armies were evenly matched. Mitsunari deployed his army to block the vital Nakasendo road, with Kobayakawa Hideaki's large clan in position to threaten the Eastern army's left flank. However Hideaki had secretly promised Ieyasu that he would switch sides once the battle started. The Eastern army launched a determined attack and made good progress. Slowly the Western army drove them back and began to counterattack. Mitsunari and Ieyasu both tried to convince Hideaki to intervene on their side. Finally he made his decision and charged down the hill right into the flank of the Western army. His betrayal was decisive, and the Western army was routed. In the years following the battle Ieyasu was able to consolidate his power and become the Shogun of Japan. The Tokugawa Shogunate would last last until 1868, a time marked by peace, a strict caste system, and isolation from the outside world. The mune has an area of shinae, some old bending and straightening stressing as one sometimes sees on old Koto blades, often not revealed until after numerous polishings. An old picture in the gallery of Tokugawa Ieyasu, with help from the Jodo monks of the Daijuji temple in Okizaki, defeats the Ikk?-ikki at the battle of Azukizaka, 1564
A Most Attractive Koto Wakazashi. With Superb Fittings, and Fine Tsuba A very nice samurai short sword circa 1500. Very fine Edo period koshirae [fittings], in gold and patinated two colour copper, decorated with takebori deep relief flowers, with a beautiful sentoku marubori tsuba in the form of a dragon, and a pair of bronze and gold tipped gumbai [war fan] menuki. It has a super little blade with a very attractive gunome hamon. The habaki is a superbly patinated example Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set. Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", notes that there did not seem to be any particular need for the wakizashi and suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi [waist sash]. 18.25 inch blade tsuba to tip .
A Most Attractive Kurdish 19th Century Jambiya. Carved wooden hit brass embossed and leather scabbard over wood. Double edged steel blade. Blade would polish nicely.
A Most Attractive Late 18th Century Holster Pistol. Chiseled Barrel Fine walnut stock, cast brass mounts and very finely engraved flintlock action. Late 18th century and used in the Napoleonic Wars era. Made in the Ottoman Empire with heavy Continental influences. Made for use on horseback and carried in a saddle holster. Typical simulated ramrod in bone or ivory.10.5 inch barrel 16.5 inches long overall
A Most Attractive Samurai Katana With Distinctive Polychrome Saya A most charming sword with a carved horimono blade and a nice regular undulating gunome hamon. In nice polish and signed tang Kanemune. The saya is most distinctive with a red ribbed lacquer top section and a pine needle décor middle and bottom section. An interesting cast Tsuba with kanji and a panther in a tree. Plain brass fushi kashira and a pair of menuki of kabuto over a tachi. A Late Samurai sword and hugely pleasing to the eye.
A Most Attractive Shinshinto Era Samurai Battle Katana Recently repolished showing a fabulous Sugaha hamon of great understated quality. A very restrained Samurai sword, in the true understated Japanese style much regarded by collectors of Japanese art. A very interesting Tsuba in iron, decorated with a shi-shi [lion dog] and an elephant. Elephants very rarely appear in Samurai decoration and even more rarely on Japanese swords and weapons. Plain iron hilt battle mounts, and a pair of very nice minuki that are samurai war banners. A very good sugaha hamon and a most charming saya decorated in deep red with black speckles and an good iron bottom mount.
A Most Attractive Silver & Enamel Demi Tasse Spoon With enamel paintings of a portrait bust of Graf Zeppelin, and a an airship. Gold plated with German hallmarks to rear. Superb condition and a most charming and collectable object d'art. Ferdinand von Zeppelin served as an official observer with the Union Army during the American Civil War. During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. C. Lowe. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man. His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics. Zeppelin's ideas for large dirigibles was first expressed in a diary entry dated 25 March 1874. Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: a large rigidly-framed outer envelope continuing a number of separate gasbags. In 1887 the success of Charles Renard and Arthur Krebs' airship La France prompted him to send a letter to the King of Württemberg about the military necessity for dirigibles and the lack of German development in this field. He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co. and his name lived on in German legend as the great airship pioneer of international travel and airship warfare.
A Most Attractive, French 19th Century, Officer of the Third Republic Sword From the Chinese French War of the 1880's. Bronze hilt with flaming grenade on the shell guard. Polished grip with single knuckle bow. Long and elegant double edged blade with central double fullers. Steel scabbard. Overall in excellent condition overall. The Sino–French War was a limited conflict fought between August 1884 and April 1885 to decide whether France should replace China in control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam). Because the French achieved their war aims, they are usually considered to have won the war. Nevertheless, the Chinese armies performed better than they had in other nineteenth-century foreign wars, resulting in a number of French defeats in individual battles. In Taiwan and in some quarters near Guangxi, the war is even regarded as a Chinese victory. French interest in northern Vietnam dated from the late 18th-century, when the political Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine recruited French volunteers to fight for Nguyen Ánh to start the Nguyen Dynasty in an attempt to gain privileges for France and the Roman Catholic Church. In 1858, France began their colonial campaign and in 1862 annexed several southern provinces of Vietnam to become the colony of Cochinchina, laying the foundations for its later colonial empire in Indochina. French explorers followed the course of the Red River through northern Vietnam to its source in Yunnan, arousing hopes that an extremely profitable overland trade route could be established with China, bypassing the treaty ports of the Chinese coastal provinces. The main obstacle to the realisation of this dream was the Black Flag Army, a well-organized bandit force under a formidable leader, Liu Yongfu, which was levying exorbitant dues on trade on the Red River between Son Tây and the town of Lào Cai on the Yunnan border.
A Most Beautiful 13th Century Ancient Bronze Eastern Hand or Pole Cannon In many respects we can comfortably say this is potentially the earliest, oldest and most ancient gun for sale in the country today. Guns of this vintage are more often than not only available to be admired, with awe and respect within the great and hallowed halls of establishments such as the British Museum or the Smithsonian in Washington. This cannon is, as to be expected, one piece cast bronze with a slanted touch hole, tubular in form with an expanded breech section, and rear socket for a pole mount. It has superb natural age patina. Early firearms ranging from hand cannons to harquebusiers are referred to in texts of the period by many spellings: gonne, gunne, canon being a few examples. The hand cannon dates back to the late 13th century in Egypt and China, and was used until at least the 1520s in Europe and the Middle East, and until modern times in the Far East. However, where it was invented remains an area of controversy. The Arabs, Chinese and Mongols all have a claim - as do the Europeans. A 16th-century legend about a 14th-century German or Greek monk called Berthold Schwarz (Black Berthold, Bertholdus Niger) having invented gunpowder has long been proven to be fictitious. The earliest evidence of a portable hand cannon dates back to the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, when they were used by the Egyptians to repel the Mongols. Like this gun, which likely hails from Cambodia, the hand cannon was a simple weapon, but effective in sieges and ambushes. It was less effective in open battle and in wet or windy conditions. Despite its crude appearance, the hand cannon could kill even armoured opponents at short ranges - if the gunner could manage to hit them. Experiments indicate an effective range of about 50 metres and a maximum range of about 300 metres, depending on calibre and type of powder used. Hand cannon ranged in barrel length from 190 to 600 mm and from 12 to 36 mm in calibre. Approximate weights ranged from 1.5 kg to a monstrous 15 kg for some siege models. Barrels were typically short compared to later firearms and made from wrought iron or cast in bronze. For ease of handling, the barrels were often attached to a wooden stock. This was done in two ways: either by resting the barrel in a groove in the stock and securing it with metal bands, or by inserting the stock into a socket formed in the rear part of the barrel. Some gonnes merely had a metal rod formed as an extension to the rear of the barrel as a handle. For firing, the hand cannon could be held in two hands while an assistant applied ignition (such as hot coals or burning tinder) to the touch hole, or propped against something and set off by the gunner himself. Illustrations depict gunners holding the stock in the armpit, or over the shoulder like a modern bazooka to aim their weapon. During sieges, hand cannon were rested on the edges of walls, over the sides of armoured carts, or on forked rests hammered into the ground. Hooks are often found attached to the bottom of the barrel to support the gonne against stationary objects or to reduce the recoil. 14 inches long overall.
A Most Beautiful 17th Century Edo Katana Signed Oite Nanki Shigekuni After a year long wait this sword has arrived after it has had it's bespoke Shira saya completed. The signature translates Oite Nanki Shigekuni tsukuru kore, but to be grammatically correct it is „Nanki ni oite Shigekuni kore o tsukuru“. The character oite marks that what follows refers to a place where something took or takes place. In Japanese, the term oite stands at the end and is marked with the particle ni , i.e. Ni oite. So the reader has to be familiar with Japanese grammer to put the characters quoted in kanbun in the correct order. Nanki Shigekuni was of the late Yamato school: his early work is inscribed "resident of Tegai," referring to the Tegai school of Todaiji Temple in Nara. Along with many smiths he migrated after the pacification of the nation in the late sixteenth century, and went to Tsuruga. He was retained by the Tokugawa branch family in Kii Province, and his descendants continued to work in the castle town for eleven generations. Many have considered and described Shigekuni to be the greatest of all shinto smiths. He emulated the work of Go no Yoshihiro, making Soshu style swords in keeping with the requirement of the time. This blade is a most beautiful example with a full length hi and elegant sugaha hamon. A shinsa could determine that the mei is correct
A Most Beautiful Ancient Bronze Dagger From the Time of Cyrus The Great Circa 600bc. As the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, one of Cyrus' objectives was to gain power over the Mediterranean coast and secure Asia Minor. Croesus of Lydia, Nabonidus of Babylonia and Amasis II of Egypt joined in alliance with Sparta to try and thwart Cyrus - but this was to no avail. Hyrcania, Parthia and Armenia were already part of the Median Kingdom. Cyrus moved further east to annex Drangiana, Arachosia, Margiana and Bactria to his territories. After crossing the Oxus, he reached the Jaxartes. There, he built fortified towns with the object of defending the farthest frontier of his kingdom against the Iranian nomadic tribes of Central Asia such as the Scythians. The exact limits of Cyrus' eastern conquests are not known, but it is possible that they extended as far as the Peshawar region in modern Pakistan. After his eastern victories, he repaired to the west and invaded Babylon. On 12 October 539BCE Cyrus, "without spilling a drop of blood", annexed the Chaldaean empire of Babylonia - and on October 29 he entered Babylon, arrested Nabonidus and assumed the title of "King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the four corners of the world". Almost immediately he then extended his control over the Arabian peninsula and the Levant also quickly submitted to Persian rule. Although Cyrus did not conquer Egypt, by 535BCE all the lands up to the Egyptian borders had acceded to Persian dominance. Newly conquered territories had a measure of political independence, being ruled by satraps. These (usually local) governors took full responsibility for the administration, legislation and cultural activities of each province. According to Xenophon, Cyrus created the first postal system in the world, and this must have helped with intra-Empire communications. Babylon, Ecbatana, Pasargadae and Susa were used as Cyrus' command centres. Cyrus' spectacular conquests triggered the age of Empire Building, as carried out by his successors as well as by the later Greeks and Romans. Dagger in very fine order, excellent patina, small fracture at the central hilt. 38cm long
A Most Beautiful Ancient Tachi/Katana in Full Polish With Clan Mon Fittings Circa 1480, signed but the kanji are illegible. A tachi signed blade mounted as a katana. Imperial white silk wrap [ito], and most elegant fittings in nanako ground patinated copper with pure gold mon. The tsuba is iron ground with gold inlays around figures. The tsuba are in the form of arrows with strap cutting heads, outlined in gold. The blade is super showing a delightful hamon and in full traditional polish. The sword is signed tachi mei but not translatable any more. The saya is nishiji lacquer with a few surface scratches. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted
A Most Beautiful British 1790's Sabre With Lion's Head Pommel and Langet This is a glorious swash buckling sabre of great quality and in fine condition. A lot of it's original mercurial gilt is remaining and it's wire bound grip is near mint. We have seen these swords refered to as every thing from British flank officer's sabre, Royal Naval officer's [when with ivory grips], and 1790's British East India co. Infantry officer's swords [often though more crudely made and with carved bone grips]. We believe it was made before regulation types were more standard [in the 1790's], and in the period when officers could carry any sword as they saw fit, provided it followed a suitable functionable ability as per their needs. Either way, this is a fabulous King George IIIrd period English sword from the Napoleonic Wars, and the Tippu Sultan revolt at The Siege of Seringapatam (5 April – 4 May 1799). This was the final confrontation of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between the British East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore. The British achieved a decisive victory after breaching the walls of the fortress at Seringapatam and storming the citadel. Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, was killed in the action. The British restored the Wodeyar dynasty to the throne after the victory, but retained indirect control of the kingdom. When the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out, the British assembled two large columns under General George Harris. The first consisted of over 26,000 British East India Company troops, 4,000 of whom were European while the rest were local Indian sepoys. The second column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad, and consisted of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry. Together, the allied force numbered over 50,000 soldiers. Tipu's forces had been depleted by the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the consequent loss of half his kingdom, but he still probably had up to 30,000 soldiers
A Most Beautiful English 12 Shot Revolver With Much Original Blue Finish By G.Hanson of Doncaster, Yorkshire. Likely the son and successor to S. Hanson who was a recorded Doncaster maker in the 1820's and 30's. Birmingham proofed barrel. This is a true untouched beauty. In fabulous condition with much of it's original deluxe finish remaining. The 12 shot pinfire revolver was rare at the time of it's use, during the 1860's to 1890's, but they are even rarer now, as so few survived the past century. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables . Barrel 4.75 inches, 7mm calibre.
A Most Beautiful Imperial German Artillery Officer's Sword Of WW1 With gilt bronze hilt, bearing lion's head pommel and fishskin grip. The hilt has relief scrolling, and the langet has a pair of crossed cannon. The blade is in excellent condition, and the scabbard is all bright steel. In the opening stages of the war, many an artillery man was cut to ribbons by rifle and machine gun fire. These guns were not suited for the task that lay ahead of them. The opening stages of the war, and the artillery battles of 1915 made this painfully clear. Due to the enemy firepower (rifles, MG, grenades etc.) they could not be used on the open battlefield, but their carriages prevented their use for anything else. Besides, they shot very light shells, so they would not make a dent in a dug out when they were fired in a flat trajectory. A higher trajectory with a delay fuse could do the trick, but the design of the gun carriage prevented high trajectory fire. Also, at the start most field guns were issued with shrapnel shells. These are very good against head on advancing infantry or cavalry, but to make life difficult for entrenched or fortified troops a HE shell is much better suited. At the start of the war the field artillery was commanded by an Inspector of Field Artillery. The field artillery broke down into brigades led by a Generalmajor (Major-General). These brigades, about 55 all in all, were permanently assigned to an infantry division. The brigades broke down into 2 regiments. Each regiment consisted of 2 battalions, which comprised of 3 batteries per battalion. Each battery had 6 guns, organised in 3 sections of 2 guns . Both battalions of the first and the first battalion of the second regiment were issued with 3 x 6 FK96 field guns. The second battalion of the second regiment consisted of 3 x 6 field howitzers. In 1914 there were about 650 batteries. In 1915 the Field artillery got scaled down to only 4 guns per battery, making more batteries and regiments to overcome the shortage of divisional artillery. In 1916 the Field artillery got dismantled, and along with the whole artillery it was reorganised. By 1918 there were about 2850 batteries of light field guns, organised in about 300 regiments.
A Most Beautiful Large Samurai Tachi By Shimohara ju Hiroshige Now returned from polishing, and looking fabulous. Circa 1660, signed tang with a firm and impressive blade. Tachi are the Samurai Swords worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the center of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these two hangers. Only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. Bladerepolished showing a stunning hamon with yakideshi typical and completely indicative of swords of the Shinto era. The hamon is very deep, notare based on sugaha. With full and complete Edo Tachi Koshirae, fully decorated saya in crushed gold nichiji with a superb dragon design. 102 cm long overall, blade tsuba to tip 70cm long, tsuka 26cm long. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted
A Most Beautiful Original 16th to 17th Century Italian Swept Hilt Rapier As used in the royal courts of the Tudors and the Stuarts, and amongst the nobility of Florence, Naples and Venice. The forte of the blade bears several armourer's marks and the so-called Marca di mosca from the armoury of Venice. This sword is in nice coindition for it's age, with original grip and wire, and no signs of repair or damage. Fine Italian steel rapiers were amongst the most popular in Europe, highly prized by the nobility, from England, across the whole of Europe, North, South, East and West, and into the court of the Russian Tsars. Hilt comprising straight quillons with scrolling bars and knuckle-guard with globular pommel and retaining it's original copper-wire bound wooden grip. Swept hilt rapiers of this type were very popular from the Elizabethan age and into the Civil War of the 1640's. There are many portraits from the period, of Princes, Earls, Generals, and Dukes, with similar swords being displayed. We show two in the gallery, one of Sir Francis Drake, Queen Elisabeth's favourite and Captain of the Revenge. Another portrait of an Italian renaissance noble. The rapier began to develop around 1500 as the Spanish espada ropera, or "dress sword". The espada ropera was a cut-and-thrust civilian weapon for self-defense and the duel, while earlier weapons were equally at home on the battlefield. Its development began at a time period when the need for a lighter and faster sword became mandatory thanks to the introduction of firearm use in warfare .Throughout the 16th century, a variety of new, single-handed civilian weapons were being developed, including the German Rapier, another cut-and-thrust weapon used for sportive fencing, as described in Joachim Meyer's Fechtbuch of 1570. 1570 is also the year in which the Italian swordmaster Signior Rocco Bonetti first settled in England advocating the use of the rapier for thrusting as opposed to cutting or slashing when engaged in a duel. Nevertheless, the English word "rapier" generally refers to a primarily thrusting weapon, developed by the year 1600 as a result of the geometrical theories of such masters as Camillo Agrippa, Ridolfo Capoferro and Vincentio Saviolo. 42.5 inch blade.
A Most Beautiful Samurai Katana, Hizen School Late Shinto Period Super blade in original Japanese polish, showing a most pleasing undulating hamon and grain. The fittings are stunning in patinated copper decorated in gold depicting a samurai helmet kabuto, war fan, spear and. The saya has a superb original Edo period lacquer spiral design. The tsuba is an enchantingly elegant sukashi example and the sword in it's entirity is simply wonderful
A Most Beautiful Shinto Katana, With Purest Gold Over Black Fittings. This sword has had a repolishing to the blade and looks truly spectacular. The pure gold decorated relief dragons over the nanako ground inky black patinated mounts and same make a resounding statement of simple yet elegant beauty. The sukashi tsuba is decorated in gold on iron, with a crane and a clouded moon over crashing waves, and the menuki are purest gold embellished dragon en suite to the fushi. The kashira is hand carved buffalo horn. The blade has a spectaular hamon. The blade is signed, but it's too difficult to read at present. Circa 1650 this is a fabulous swordthat looks out of this world. The saya is orginal Edo and decorated with original Edo lacquer. Kanbun-Shinto period (1658 -1683) In this period, the centers of swordmaking were Edo and Osaka, and a new style of sword appeared. This sword has extremely little sori. In 1683, the Tokugawa Shogunate prescribed the maximum size of katana and wakizashi. Therefore, swordsmiths commonly made long swords around 70cm. These two main centers of swordmaking incorporated different features reflecting the different nature of the cities. As Edo was the center of the military power, the Shogunate swordsmiths put emphasis on the sharpness and functionality of the blade, as expected by a military point of view. Shape was functional and hamon wide. The waves of the hamon lowered round the monouchi - that is the part used for cutting and most exposed to shocks. Lowering the hardened part means to leave more softer steel there, allowing better shock-resistance. Kotetsu is the most famous example of the Edo production in this period. On the other hand, Osaka was the business heart of the nation. Sukehiro is the most famous smith of the Osaka school in this period. As Kotetsu’s blades, his blades are rated as Sai Jo O-Wazamono, the top of the top in cutting ability. Tests were made to fix such a classification, but these tests weren’t performed with Koto blades, considered too valuable to risk them in tameshigiri, so this classification must be taken with a grain of salt. Most swords in this period show yakidashi, and from now on the hamon type called toran-ha becomes in fashion. The blade has one surface wear point in the hada.
A Most Beautiful Silver Don-Kuban Cossack Nagaika Daggar.19th Century. Purchased by us as untouched or uncleaned for over 60 years it has spent two weeks in the conservators workshop being hand cleaned in order to return the silver work back to how it once looked. It is now in it's totally original condition. It was most certainly a labour of love as to ensure the enamel work remains totally original and undamaged by crude cleaning. Such work is punitively expensive and can never be recouped within it's cost, but, we felt such a piece was well worthy of every expense incurred. It was made between the Turkish Ottoman Empire and the Caucasus region within the Russian, Romanov Empire. The Kuban Cossacks (Russian Kubanskiye Kazaki) were Cossacks who lived in the Kuban region of Russia. Although numerous Cossack groups came to inhabit the Western Northern Caucasus most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of the Black Sea Cossack Host, (originally the Zaporozhian Cossacks) and the Caucasus Line Cossack Host. The Kuban Cossack Host was the administrative and military unit from 1860-1918. The native land of the Cossacks is defined by a line of Russian/Ruthenian town-fortresses located on the border with the steppe and stretching from the middle Volga to Ryazan and Tula, then breaking abruptly to the south and extending to the Dnieper via Pereyaslavl. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts. These people, constantly facing the Tatar warriors on the steppe frontier, received the Turkic name Cossacks (Kazaks), which was then extended to other free people in northern Russia. The oldest reference in the annals mentions Cossacks of the Russian city of Ryazan serving the city in the battle against the Tatars in 1444. In the 16th century, the Cossacks (primarily those of Ryazan) were grouped in military and trading communities on the open steppe and started to migrate into the area of the Don (source Vasily Klyuchevsky, The course of the Russian History, vol.2). Cossacks served as border guards and protectors of towns, forts, settlements and trading posts, performed policing functions on the frontiers and also came to represent an integral part of the Russian army. In the 16th century, to protect the borderland area from Tatar invasions, Cossacks carried out sentry and patrol duties, observing Crimean Tatars and nomads of the Nogai Horde in the steppe region. The most popular weapons used by Cossack cavalrymen were usually sabres, or shashka, but all Cossacks traditionally carried a Kindjal and nagaika whip. However this one is most unusual in that it conceals a hidden dagger blade. Russian Cossacks played a key role in the expansion of the Russian Empire into Siberia (particularly by Yermak Timofeyevich), the Caucasus and Central Asia in the period from the 16th to 19th centuries. Cossacks also served as guides to most Russian expeditions formed by civil and military geographers and surveyors, traders and explorers. In 1648 the Russian Cossack Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a passage between North America and Asia. Cossack units played a role in many wars in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (such as the Russo-Turkish Wars, the Russo-Persian Wars, and the annexation of Central Asia). During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, Cossacks were the Russian soldiers most feared by the French troops. Napoleon himself stated "Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them." Cossacks also took part in the partisan war deep inside French-occupied Russian territory, attacking communications and supply lines. These attacks, carried out by Cossacks along with Russian light cavalry and other units, were one of the first developments of guerrilla warfare tactics and, to some extent, special operations as we know them today. Western Europeans had had few contacts with Cossacks before the Allies occupied Paris in 1814. As the most exotic of the Russian troops seen in France, Cossacks drew a great deal of attention and notoriety for their alleged excesses during Napoleon's 1812 campaign. In silver niello, is a black mixture of copper, silver, and lead sulphides, used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal. It can be used for filling in designs cut from metal. The Egyptians are credited with originating niello decoration, which spread throughout Europe during the late Iron Age and is common in Anglo-Saxon, Celtic and other types of Early Medieval jewellery. The goldsmiths of Florence in the middle of the 15th century ornamented their works by means of engraving the metal with a burin, after which they filled up the hollows produced by the burin with a black enamel-like compound made of silver, lead and sulphur. The resulting design, called a niello, was of much higher contrast and thus much more visible. Niello was most popular from all the regions of Russia to the Black Sea and the Bospherous. Pistols swords and knives from the Ottoman Turks may be decorated with niello, and it even reached popularity within Hindu India and Thailand. This piece is most likely from the Ottoman & Caucasian region. The Tribes of the High Caucasus favored a descendent of a high Ottoman form of horse crop called a Nagaika. This form of whip became popular with Russians living in and around the Caucasus and between the exodus of Caucasian refugees and the arrival of the dominant Russians the people of Bukhara became exposed to it. It is certainly easy to understand why displaced craftsmen would begin to apply decorative techniques in different circumstances than were customary in their homeland. It was also most popular with Russian craftsman such as Faberge, maker to the Czar, but naturally all his work was marked with his makers stamp. This piece bears no makers marks. A picture in the gallery of a Kuban Cossack holding his nagaika [seated left in around 1900], another of a General of Don Cossacks holding his while mounted on his steed.
A Most Beautiful, Late, Dragon, Efu No Tachi Japanese Sword A delightfully impressive looking sword fully set in late Edo Efu no tachi mounts [with the shitogi rice cake pattern tsuba]. This sword is a variation of the efu tachi that were carried as court swords during many periods right through Japanese history, and they continued to be made as presentation swords into the Showa era. The blade has a undulating gumome hamon and is signed, though very difficult to read due to the nakago's surface corruption, likely mid to late Shinshinto. This is one of the most decorative forms of Japanese swords one can see and epitomises everything Western society finds both captivating and intriguing about the far east and it's traditions.
A Most Charming American 18th Century Officers and Dueling Sword Circa 1740 Used in the Indian French War and the American War of Independence. A beautiful and historical small-sword with it's original plain black Japanning, and a very fine trefoil colishmarde blade. Plain and serene iron hilt, in very good shape, with low pas de ane. An egg-shaped pommel which is signally elegant. It also has it's original triple wound fine wire grip binding, mounted top and bottom with Turk's head knots. See the standard work "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann Published 1973. Sword 216s. Page 133, for near a identical sword. The colishmarde blade has very fine scrollwork engraving. The colishmarde blades first appeared in 1680 and were popular during the next 40 years or so years at the royal European courts, and they continued to have a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War. Even George Washington had a very fine one, with a blade just as this example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended. The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. Due to the original blackened hilt, one could also dub this a "mourning" sword. A mourning sword was one that would generally have blackened fittings (hilt and grip) and was worn at funerals, but they were also worn as an everyday item of informal dress, which would rule out the idea that they were only worn for somber occasions, and also worn by officers in service, with a gilt or parcel-gilt knot for embellishment. A particular painting showing a very good example of this is in the National Maritime Museum and it is most similar. The painting is of British Naval Captain Hugh Palliser, who wears a 'mourning' sword with a blackened hilt and gold sword knot which gave it a sleek overall appearance. A full-length portrait of Sir Hugh Palliser, Admiral of the White, turning slightly to the right in captain's uniform (over three years seniority), 1767-1774. He stands cross-legged, leaning on the plinth of a column, holding his hat in his right hand. The background includes a ship at sea. From 1764 to 1766, when he was a Captain, Palliser was Governor of Newfoundland, where James Cook, who had served under him earlier, was employed charting the coast. He was subsequently Comptroller of the Navy and then second-in-command to Augustus Keppel at the Battle of Ushant in 1778. Very good original condition overall. Blade 31.5 inches long
A Most Charming Carved and Turned Bone Oriental Sword Stick With brass ferule and domed top. Double edged blade in need of polishing [we can attend to this]. The bone is very good with natural colouring one small section has a body crack. In China and Japan there was a great fondness of the use of ox bone for the decorative mounting swords daggers and canes that started in the late 19th century. Most was intended as items for the early luxury steamship company's visitors trade, started by such companies as the Thomas Cook Co., and the burgeoning export markets enjoyed by the Manchu Chinese Qing dynasty, and the Meiji and Taisho Emperors of Japan.
A Most Charming English Flintlock Officer's Semi-Holster or Belt Pistol A very nice pistol with a finest Damascus steel barrel. Fine walnut stock, good walnut stock. Engraved brass furniture and stepped flintlock. Early 19th century from the reign of King George IIIrd. By Egan. Good working order, fine damascus 7 inch barrel. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Charming English Sidelock Percussion Manstopper Pistol Finely engraved with micro chequered butt, octagonal barrel. A nice English large bore side hammer pocket pistol circa 1840. Scroll engraved side lock action with bun nut retained dolphin head hammer. Chequered walnut bag grip with vacant silver diamond escutcheon to the rear. The heavy octagonal smooth bore barrel is Birmingham proofed and brass front sight with fixed v notch to the rear. A very pretty medium size, big bore, man stopper pistol made by the Birmingham trade around 1840 and sold without a retailers name, but of very good quality. Designed to be carried in the coat pocket of a traveller or gentleman about town, to provide effective close range personal defence at a time when the forces of law and order were often patchy at best. In good condition with good bores and mechanics, nice finely chequered grips and bright steel metal work. A very nice pistol likely by one of the better Birmingham makers of the day. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Charming King George IIIrd Officers' Horn Small Drinking Cup In carved horn used from the 1790's until the Crimean War. A super Napoleonic wars collectable.
A Most Charming Oval Tanto Tettsu Tsuba Inlaid With Gold Oval mokko shape intricately inlaid with delicate gold flower heads and leaves, with an open Kodzuke Hitsu-ana. Mid Edo era. The tsuba is the hand guard of a Japanese sword. It served several purposes. The tsuba balanced the sword. And it protected the hand of the sword holder from an attack by an enemy as well as from gliding into the sword blade. The third purpose was a more refined one. The Japanese tsuba developed into a kind of a status symbol for the sword owner. 5.4 x 4cm
A Most Desirable Royal Army Medical Corps WW1 Trio Medical services in the British armed services go as far back as the formation of the Standing Regular Army after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. This was the first time a career was provided for a Medical Officer (MO), known as the Regimental Surgeon, both in peacetime and in war. The Army was formed entirely on a regimental basis, and an MO with a Warrant Officer as his Assistant Surgeon was appointed to each regiment, which also provided a hospital. The MO was also for the first time concerned in the continuing health of his troops, and not limited to just battlefield medicine. This regimental basis of appointment for MOs continued until 1873, when a co-ordinated army medical service was set up. To join, a doctor needed to be qualified and single and aged at least 21, and then undergo a further examination in physiology, surgery, medicine, zoology, botany and physical geography including meteorology, and also to satisfy various other requirements (including having dissected the whole body at least once and having attended 12 midwifery cases); the results were published in three classes by an Army Medical School, which was set up in 1860 at Fort Pitt in Chatham, and moved in 1863 to Netley outside Southampton. There was much unhappiness in the Army Medical Service in the following years. For medical officers did not actually have military rank but “advantages corresponding to relative military rank” (such as choice of quarters, rates of lodging money, servants, fuel and light, allowances on account of injuries received in action, and pensions and allowances to widows and families). They had inferior pay in India, excessive amounts of Indian and colonial service (being required to serve in India six years at a stretch), and less recognition in honours and awards. They did not have their own identity as did the Army Service Corps, whose officers did have military rank. A number of complaints were published, and the British Medical Journal became vocal. For over two years after 27 July 1887 there were no recruits to the Army Medical Department. A parliamentary committee reported in 1890 highlighting the doctors’ injustices. Yet all this was ignored by the Secretary of State for War. The British Medical Association, the Royal College of Physicians and others redoubled their protests. Eventually, in 1898, officers and soldiers providing medical services were incorporated into a new body known by its present name, the Royal Army Medical Corps; its first Colonel-in-Chief was H.R.H the Duke of Connaught. The RAMC began to develop during the Boer War, but it was during the First World War that it reached its apogee both in size and experience. The RAMC itself lost 743 officers and 6130 soldiers killed in the war. During Britain's colonial days the RAMC had set up clinics and hospitals in countries where British troops could be found. Major-General Sir William Macpherson of the RAMC wrote the official Medical History of the War (HMSO 1922). Its main base was for long the Queen Alexandra Hospital Millbank Since the Victoria Cross was instituted in 1856 there have been 27 Victoria Crosses and two bars awarded to army medical personnel. A bar, indicating a subsequent award of a second Victoria Cross, has only ever been awarded three times, two of them to medical officers. Twenty-three of these Victoria Crosses are on display in the Army Medical Services Museum. The corps also has one recipient of both the Victoria Cross and the Iron Cross. One officer was awarded the George Cross in the Second World War. A young female member of the corps, Private Michelle Norris, became the first woman to be awarded the Military Cross following her actions in Iraq on 11 June 2006
A Most Fabulous Shinto Tachi With Rare Kogarasu Maru Blade, The hilt has been bespoke rebound in Imperial gold and the saya restored in it's fabulous nishiji gold lacquer bearing a captivating gold dragon mount. This sword is now so beautiful, and so rare in it's blade form, that it would undoubtedly compliment any superb luxurious interior of the finest residences in the world. It would look at home in any billionaire oligarchs 100 million pound home, aboard a 200 million pound super yacht, or in a museum of any finest oriental art collection. The blade is signed Yoshihira [of the Asikane school] 1680. This very rare Kogarasu Maru sword was designed with a curved double-edged blade approximately 72 cm long. One edge of the blade is shaped in normal tachi fashion, but unlike the standard tachi, the tip is symmetrical and both edges of the blade are sharp, similar to a Japanese yari spear, except for about 20 cm of the trailing or concave edge nearest the hilt, which is rounded. The yaki-ire (hardening) process yielded a sugaha hamon (straight 'temper' line) on both sides of the blade. The Kogarasu Maru "Little Crow" is the most famous of the known Kogarasu Zukuri blades and is currently in the Japanese Imperial Collection. The tang of the Kogarasu Maru in the Imperial Collection is not signed but the blade is believed to have been made during the either the early Heian period or late Nara period in the 8th century, by the sword smith Amakuni, who is said to have created the first curved Japanese sword and is believed to have lived during this period. Two other Kogarasu Zukuri blades exist from this era. This tachi has gilded mounts and fittings and a gold habaki of lovely quality. The blade has been beautifully repolished and the tsuka superbly rebound in gold ito, and we are showing the restoration, now it is completely finished and it look truly stunning [Commission Sale]
A Most Fabulous, Intricately Carved Keris Dagger With Watered Steel Blade A stunning looking piece and a most impressive 20th century example with delightful pamor blade. Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colours of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern. Small area of wood snake body lacking under the hilt.
A Most Fine, 1855,59,& 65 Patent Nickel Plated Smith & Wesson Revolver With a all nickel plated barrel and cylinder and frame, and around 95% of the 'deluxe grade' original nickel remaining. This fabulous condition of the nickel makes this pistol truly exceptional and absolutely beautiful. It has as one might expect a very good tight action, and a fine and clear Smith and Wesson address to barrel top strap, with all the patent dates. All it's original mother o'pearl grips. This is one of the nicest condition examples we have seen in the past 5 years. Smith and Wessons have been owned by all the greatest and infamous characters in Wild West history, such as Jesse James, Cole Younger, Bob Ford and Wyatt Earp. The Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2. The boot or vest pocket pistol. Part of the great popularity of the Smith and Wessons during the Civil War is due to the way they loaded. It is a "Tip Up" design. A "tip up" loading system is where the barrel tips up and the entire cylinder can is replaced with a full cylinder if needed. That, was a massive improvement in the aid to fast reloading, With the exception of Smith & Wesson pistols, all other pistols during the Civil War were tediously loaded with either combustible paper cartridges or with loose powder and ball. Both loading methods consisted of inserting the powder and bullet from the front, and then with the rammer was built into the gun you would swage the bullet into place. The swaging held the bullet from falling out when the gun recoiled when fired. Finally, a percussion cap was individually fitted to the back of the cylinder with one required for each of the five or six chambers. Because reloading could take minutes, if extra cylinders could be found, two or more spare cylinders were carried pre-loaded. The cylinders would be switched much more quickly than reloading a fired one. Because of this, and even though it was lower powered with its .32 calibre round, the early cartridge taking Smith & Wesson Models can hold the distinction of probably being the most popular secondary pistol carried in the Civil War. And due to the Great Western Migration still going strong after the Civil War, they was not only popular during the Civil War - but it also very popular afterwards on the Western frontier. It is widely said that General George Armstrong Custer, who owned a lot of different makes of guns, owned a pair of .32 Smith & Wesson pistols. It is also said that Wild Bill Hickok carried one on the night that he was shot in the head during a fateful and infamous card game This revolver is called the "Model One and a Half." It appears that after Smith & Wesson produced the Model 2, they then set out to provide the more powerful .32 rimfire in a more handy "pocket" size revolver. That's when they came up this, a five shot .32 rimfire with a shorter 3½" barrel. Since they already had the small Model 1 and the Model 2, the new model was in between those sizes , so Smith & Wesson came up with the somewhat awkward name of "Model One and a Half." Overall length 7.75 inches. Barrel 3.5 inches 32 Rimfire calibre. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Glorious Antique Renaissance Style Classical Iron Parade Shield Made in the Victorian period during the Renaissance revival period, when amazing artifacts by such great artists as Cellini were copied to decorate the interiors of stately homes and castles around Europe. This shield bears a wonderous scene of armoured warriors and princes 'a la antica' style . This shield is a work of art, made for display rather than battle. During the 16th century armour was not only used in war and tournaments but was worn for parades, royal entries into towns and other state occasions to denote the wealth, status and majesty of noble households. This shield recalls a sixteenth-century tradition in which armour and weapons made for parade and display were as much the products of the goldsmith as the armourer. 22.5 inches across 7 kilos
A Most Iinteresting US Civil War and Wild West Remington Revolver With Civil War inspectors cartouche stamp within the grip. The Remington .44 Army was originally designed as a cap & ball (also called "percussion") 44-calibre revolver for use before and during the American Civil War. It was used primarily by Union soldiers, and widely favoured over the standard issue Colt Army Model 1860 by those who could afford it, due primarily to its durability and ability to quickly reload. Of course if a gun such as that was captured in a Confederate victory it would be eagerly used by it's new Southern States owner as a highly prized trophy of war. Remington's had such popularity during the Civil War sent for alteration to it's cartridge cylinder form, [utilizing the new, more favourable, and successful metallic cartridge ]. They were used for around another 15 to 25 years until around 1890, and it proved to be a popular gun with Civil War veterans who had used it with much success in it's original form during the war, and required a good and reliable six shooter in the new Wild West frontier. A prized possession of the Remington Arms Company is a similar, original, New Model Army with ivory grips once carried by William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody. The historic revolver is on display with Cody's simple handwritten note, "It never failed me". Cody carried the revolver in original percussion form well into the cartridge era, but never converted it to cartridge use. This is one of the very few truly great name Wild West revolvers that can be owned today without deactivation in the UK, as it was designed for the cartridge that [for over 100 years now] has been declared obsolete and non restricted. Good tight action, good walnut grips. Cartridge ejector type. Photos show the matching serial numbers, and the two conversion serial numbers TTT10 [we believe] on the rammer lever and the butt frame. Naturally with use wear overall, but a nice pistol of the most famous eras of American History, the Civil War and the Wild West.
A Most Impressive British King George IIIrd Pioneer- Artillery Sword With steel sawback blade, cast bronze hilt with beast pommel and cast ribbed grip. A stout and manly sword. Carried by the pioneer and also thought to have been used by artillery. The tradition of the pioneer sergeant began in the eighteenth century, when each British infantry company had a pioneer who marched at the head of the regiment. The pioneer wore a “stout” apron and carried an axe, ostensibly to clear a path for all who followed, and a powerful but short sword with sawback. The apron served to protect the pioneer sergeant's uniform whilst performing his duties, which included being the unit blacksmith. The beard was allowed in order to protect his face from the heat and the slag of the forge. The axe was also used to kill horses that were wounded in battle. A general order of 1856 allowed for one pioneer per company in each regiment. The tools carried by the pioneers included a sawback sword. An example of this v.scarce sword is in the Tower of London collection, our last example we had in the 1960's.
A Most Impressive English Long Musket Circa 1830 Extra long barrel, percussion action, good walnut stock with chequered grip, 68 inches long [approx] overall. A good stout musket of fine proportions. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Impressive Ho-oh Bird Kuge (Yefu) No Tachi in Jindachi-Zukuri mounts A phoenix hilted Japanese tachi. As seen in the Emperor's Court. The phoenix was known as a Ho-oh bird in China and Japan. This sword is a variation of the efu tachi and were carried as court swords during many periods of Japanese history, and they continued to be made as presentation swords into the Showa era. Efu tachi, also called Hoso tachi, were likewise only worn by the highest ranking daimyo and officials of the court. Efu tachi have a distinctive shitogi tsuba. These are generally considered ceremonial mountings rather than combat mountings. Efu (Hoso) tachi were made from Koto through Showa times. This sword was very likely made from the late Edo to early Showa period. The Phoenix design is of course the private reserve of the Emperor and his family. Though it varied upon rank and occasion, this type of mounting was often designated for the Royal Palace Guards. The legendary Ho-oh Bird has been used throughout Japanese history, even by the Tokugawas. The sword has a Shitogi Tsuba, Fuchi, Kabuto-Gane of Ho-oh bird (10 in.), 2-piece Seppa (Rope & Scallop) and applied Tawara-Pyo (5 Rice Barrels). It was made as either a presentation/ceremonial piece or to be used by the Palace guards to show their leader's affluence. In fact, two "Kokubo" (National Treasure) Bird's-Heads Tachi's remain unaccounted for after the post WWII occupation by American forces. The phoenix is a mythical Chinese bird, thought to have been introduced to Japan in the Asuka period (mid 6th to mid 7th century AD). The phoenix has a bird's beak, a swallow's jaw, and a snake's neck; the front half of its body is thought to resemble a giraffe, the back half a deer. Its back resembles a tortoise, and its tail is like a fish. The last picture in the gallery is a Phoenix by Hokusai in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Shown on our antique sword stand not included with the sword.
A Most Impressive Jazail With Likely An East India Company Flintlock Long Damascus barrel, long highly recurved-butt distinctive stock fully geometrically inlaid with mother o'pearl. This flintlock long gun from the North West Frontier has a simply stunning Damascus barrel of very nice quality, with what looks like top piece of a mosque dome chiseled and detailed at the breech. This is a handsome piece used from the 18th century, during the wonderfully fascinating days of the Indian Empire, where skullduggery and intrigue were interspersed with incredible conflicts, battles and wars around the North West Frontier of India. These stunning Damascus long guns, with their finest barrels, also saw a lot of service in the Ottoman Empire , and they were well known for their beauty, and a world renown reputation for quality and accuracy which was legendary. The makers were renown for their quality guns but the locks were often the matchlock type of low tech simplicity, they often captured guns from the Infantry of the East India Company, and removed the locks and transferred them to their Jazails. Rudyard Kipling's poem of the Afghan War refers to the feared deadly accuracy of the Jazail, and it goes; A scrimmage in a Border Station A canter down some dark defile Two thousand pounds of education Drops to a ten-rupee jezail. 49 inches long overall, barrel 34 inches
A Most Impressive Late Koto Tachi With A Formidable Blade With Full Hi. Circa 1580. With Edo period sentoku [brass copper alloy] fittings. The blade is in beautiful polish, wide and impressive, with full length groove [hi] to both sides. The saya has it's last original Edo era period lacquer finish, with all it's natural age wear. One of the most frequently asked questions that have been put to us, over the past 40 years, is, "how are the blades still so beautiful, and in almost as new condition, if they are really so ancient?". It some respects the answer is simple, and comes in two parts.The steel on original, antique, Japanese samurai swords, is, quite simply, way and above the finest steel in the world. Forged by a smith whose skill was unsurpassed throughout the world of blade making. A master smith who, through decades of training and experience, could tell the difference of, potentially, only 20 degrees, in the temperature of red/white hot steel, simply by it's variations in colour. And a man whose skill, over 500 years past, gave him the ability to make a piece of steel of better quality than anything NASA ever made in order to send a rocket to the moon. These skills were but the first part of the answer, the next, comes as the explanation as to why such steel lasts for hundreds of years looking as beautiful as when it was made. Respect and reverence, is the answer. Samurai swords have a respect within Japanese culture than has been undiminished for a thousand years. To a European, or to those of a non Japanese culture, swords are respected as a tool, possibly a beautiful tool, or a fine and most valuable tool, but still a tool. An implement of protection and assault, possibly also a badge of rank, but not as an artifact to be revered with an in-built religious status of pride and honour. Every samurai owner of these swords, and there may have been 30 or 40 for each ancient sword over the centuries, respected their sword with unfailing care and attention to it's condition, maintaining it every single day, in a near religious act of dedication to detail. An item far more valuable than their home, and worthy of the committing of ritual seppuku [suicide], if it was ever lost. Tachi are the Samurai swords worn on Court occasions by the Daimyo Lords of Japan. They are distinguished by the fact that they are worn with the cutting edge down, from one or two hangers in the center of the saya. Katana are slid through the belt or Obi, and thus do not have these two hangers. In the ancient period the tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy foot soldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. The uchigatana was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades. It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led to the development of the Katana. Traditionally in the Edo era only Daimyo are allowed to wear Tachi and there were only about 50 Daimyo in any one period in all Japan. In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors [daimyo] of what became the ruling class would wear their swords tachi mounted. This Tachi although mounted in the Edo period fittings, was made before the Edo period. The Edo started with the Tokugawa, who ruled Japan for around 460 years and it was founded after the battle of Sekigahara in 1598. The Tokugawa unified Japan and created a lasting dynasty of military rulers like none that had been before. The most famous Shogun, Ieyasu Tokugawa had obliged the daimyo [the tachi wearing Japanese clan war lords] to pay homage to the Shogun every two years in a big, formal and costly procession to the court in Edo (Tokyo). The intention was to assure their loyalty and to weaken them by putting financial burdens on them.Imagawa Yoshimoto 1519 -1560) was one of the leading daimyo (feudal lords) in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tokaido region. He was also one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560.
A Most Impressive Vintage Middle Eastern Silver Jambiya Dagger A dagger with an all over silver laminated hilt and matching scabbard. Curved steel double edged blade with central ridge. A beautiful quality dagger of typical form of the famous middle eastern Jambiya, and in Oman it is called the Khanjar. This deluxe example is all silver, except the blade which is steel, and Jambiya of this quality were almost always usually for presentation. Lawrence of Arabia had several very similar ones presented to him, they were his favourite dagger, and he was frequently photographed wearing them. One picture is a portrait of Lawrence with his silver Jambiya [Information only not included]. Arab domestic silver coin-metal, not of English hallmarked silver grade.
A Most Inexpensive WW2 Third Reich Red Cross Medic's Dagger No scabbard and part damaged grip to reverse.The crossguard is equipped with the two oval discs being plain on the reverse and the obverse equipped with the raised out Red Cross eagle. This eagle is seated on a Geneva cross and there is a mobile swastika that is raised out of the bird’s chest. Following Hitler's takeover of the government in Germany in January 1933, the NSDAP (Nazi Party) moved to control the Red Cross. Thus the DRK became a legally recognized organization of the NSDAP in December 1937. Finally, at the end of 1938 the German Red Cross officially came under the control of the Ministry of the Interior's Social Welfare Organization, becoming de facto a Nazi entity, led by Ernst-Robert Grawitz in the role of 'acting president', with Oswald Pohl as chairman of the board of administration
A Most Interest Group Of Four Dutch WW2 Chivalric Decoration Medals Now confirmed as awarded to a Commander of a RNN U Boat, the Free Dutch Navy Submarine of WW2 HNMS O 19 (N 54). Capt. Van Dongen. An Order of Orange Nassau 'Officer' group in superb old quality. White enamel and silver gilt Maltese cross with ball-tipped finials and with deep blue enamel inset panels, with laurel wreath between the arms, on swivel crown suspension; the face with a circular central blue enamel and gilt medallion bearing a gilt Netherlands lion within a white enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘JE MAINTIENDRAI’ (I will maintain); the reverse with a circular central blue enamel medallion bearing the gilt crowned cipher of Queen Wilhelmina, in whose name the Order was founded, within a white enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘GOD ZY MET ONS’ (God be with us); age-toned; on original ribbon with rosette denoting an award of the ‘officer’ class. The Order was established by Queen Emma, Dowager Queen, acting as Regent for Queen Wilhelmina, on 4 April 1892 and may be awarded to both Dutch citizens and foreigners for meritorious service to the Dutch throne, state or society. A very good example of high quality and some age. An example of the of the calibre of WW2 srving officers who were awarded such a highly respected decoration was the heroic Canadian born, Royal Air Force fighter pilot ace RUSSEL, F/O Blair Dalzell, DSO, DFC (C1319) - Officer, Order of Orange-Nassau with Swords (Netherlands) Awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 January 1948 and AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Public Records Office Air 2/9293 has recommendation drafted when he was a Wing Commander: In operational command of No.126 Wing, Royal Air Force, stationed at the aerodrome Volkel from September 1944 until February until April 1945, through his excellent work has greatly contributed to the liberation of the Netherlands. During World War II, the Order of Orange-Nassau was bestowed upon both members of the Netherlands military and members of foreign services who had helped liberate the Netherlands from Nazi Germany occupation, and those who helped liberate the former Dutch colonies in the Pacific. In the modern age, the Orange-Nassau is still the most active military and civil decoration of the Netherlands, and ranks after the Order of the Netherlands Lion. The Order is typically awarded each year on the Queen's official birthday (April 30) The Order is also used to honour foreign princes, ministers, dignitaries and diplomats. The second medal is the Dutch WW2 cross with 1940-45 bar (Oorlogsherinneringskruis) Followed by the Cross for Order and Peace, the Dutch medal for the police actions in the former Netherlands East Indies. This medal originates from 1947. The year clasps are given to an officer who was actually in armed combat with the Indonesian terrorists. Lastly the silver Officers Cross with year marking 'XXX' for 30 years service. The Dutch Navy at the beginning of the war with Germany in May 1940, consisted of 1 coastal defence ship, 5 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 27 submarines, 4 gun boats, 6 minelayers and other smaller vessels. The Dutch Navy fought in many parts of sea like North Sea, Mediterranean and the Pacific sea where the Dutch navy had to defend the Dutch colonies from the Japanese advance. Dutch naval forces had a contribution of sinking many enemy vessels, including 2 U-boats and also Japanese and even Italian submarines. But they also suffered many losses during the war, especially their submarine arm. They lost the coastal defence ship Soerabaja, the 3 cruisers De Ruyter, Java and Sumatra, 9 destroyers, 11 submarines and other smaller vessels. According to records the Royal Dutch Navy lost 59 warships during WWII [40%] Used by a Commander of a RNN U Boat, the Free Dutch Navy Submarine of WW2 HNMS O 19 (N 54)
A Most Interesting Brevet Colt Navy Long Barrel Pocket Revolver,.36 Cal In polished steel, overall scroll & foliate engraved with a most unusual engraved cylinder decorated with iron clad steam ships and a bridge, with beautifully patinated horn or ivory grips. Barrell stamped Address Col Colt London, cylinder has continental Belgian proof mark. The Pocket Navy calibre pistol is most scarce, and quite sought after as that it was a most useful, slightly reduced size, but still fired the large .36 calibre round. During the Civil War both protagonists required huge quantities of arms, and frankly, neither side could fulfill the required manufactured quantity, especially the South. Contractors were sent by both sides to scour Europe for arms, and Britain and Belgium became the dominant suppliers. This pistol is from the latter country, modelled on the Colt, and even marked as such. A jolly interesting and intrigueng arm from the most fascinating period of American 19th century history. Fully cocking action without half cock and the cylinder revolves comfortably. 11 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Early 19th Century Troubadour Romantic Stiletto Dagger With skull pommel. Of extremely nice quality, bronzed hilt depicting two figures, one male one female, the male with a bow and an eagle at his feet, the female with a serpent at her feet, and the pommel is both a skull on one side and a judicial head on the other. The quillon are fantastic beasts heads and it has an armour piercing triple edged steel stiletto blade. A wonderful product of the Troubadour movement in the arts in France in the years following the restoration of the monarchy: a Romantic fascination with medieval and Renaissance forms and myths. Napoleon recognized the Middle Ages in the forms of his coronation. Ancient chivalric romances were published in adaptations by the Comte de Tressan and contributed to the rise of the troubadour style. In painting, the style showed up most often in realistic depictions of edifying historical events in smooth finishes and vibrant colors.” Think of some of Ingres’s paintings, such as The Death of Leonardo da Vinci (1818) in the Louvre, in which the French king, Francis I, holding the dying Leonardo, conspicuously wears a sword that might have accompanied a similar dagger. See last photo in the gallery.
A Most Interesting French Post Chaise Horn. Brass Trumpet, Horn Mouthpiece. 19th century. In France and Switzerland in the Alp regions, as the post chaise drives around the numerous deadly bends, on the mountain passes, in the fog, the post chaise horn is blown to warn on-coming vehicles. Of course the British poste chaise used them as well but this one is French made. A post chaise, is a four-wheeled, closed carriage, containing one seat for two or three passengers, that was popular in 18th-century England and France. The body was of the coupé type, appearing as if the front had been cut away. Because the driver rode one of the horses, it was possible to have windows in front as well as at the sides. At the post chaise’s front end, in place of the coach box, was a luggage platform. The carriage was built for long-distance travel, and so horses were changed at intervals at posts (stations).In England, public post chaises were painted yellow and could be hired, along with the driver and two horses, for about a shilling a mile. The post chaise is descended from the 17th-century two-wheeled French chaise.
A Most Interesting Late 18th Century Eastern Wide Mouth Blunderbuss With a superb Damascus steel flared mouth barrel, with an EIC [East India Co.] style flintlock, fine walnut stock and iron mounts. Sling swivel mount to the offside for carrying on a belt while climbing rigging of a galleon, or for hooking onto a horse's saddle. The stock bears some fascinating armouer's 'in the field' repairs that have lasted some 200 years and should ideally never be removed. They are simplistic, yet they have been hugely effective and they certainly add an incredible amount of character to a flintlock gun already abundant in curiosity and flair. The flare at the muzzle is incredible and finishes off this wonderful characterful piece perfectly. This is just the kind of intimidating weapon as was used and carried by Corsairs, Janissaries protecting their masters, and those that need the maximum amount of protection and intimidation in equal measure. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Persian, 'Russian' Cossack Brigade Martini Henry Carbine One of the very scarce Belgian made Martini Henry marked Mascate [made for the Middle East Market, Franco-Belgian spelling for Muscat] and with the Imperial Russian Romanov eagle crest on the gun frame, that were acquired for the newly formed [in 1879 and 1880] Russian - Iranian Cossack Brigade of cavalry. Nasir al-Din Shah made a visit to Europe, and subsequent to this a Russian and Austrian mission came to Iran to re-organize the Iranian cavalry. The Russians formed what was known as the Cossack Brigade and Russian officers remained to command this new part of the Iranian Army. The brigade was part funded by Russia in the supply of Russian weapons, which created great influence for Russia in Iran, and the Austrian mission sold to the Iranian Minister of War, Na-ib al-Saltana, Werndle rifles, which were sold by him at great profit to the northern Iranian tribesmen. Many Martinis and Lee Metfords were acquired by 'Martini Khan' [who was said to be Shah] through Bushire from Muscat, and this is almost certainly one of those arms. It is the rare Romanov crest on the frame that shows that it was an arm that very likely went to the Cossack Brigade as opposed those that went to the non Russian commanded irregular units. This gun also has an Islamic inscription [mash'allah] frequently seen on the scarce 'Mascate' Martinis. See reference to the 'Muscate' Martinis in Firearms of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum by Robert Elgood. Decorated with leather and studwork. A fascinating gun with an incredibly interesting and circuitous Russian and Islamic history. Action works fine, some time long past the breech has been internally blocked to render inactive. Floridly engraved, now worn, similarly to the Romanov crest. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Relic Of Zeppelin Z4 And It's Accompanying Certificate In traditional old German gothic print. A translation goes as follows; Announcement Trying to keep alive in Germany, with a visible keepsake, the memory of the days of August 4 and 5, 1908, which, by the fly-past of the Airship of his Excellency Graf Zeppelin became a milestone in the progression of human civilisation. I have, from the metal parts of airship Z 4 received through our sister company of Carl Berg AG in Eveking manufactured a quantity of spoons with appropriate engraving. Every such spoon bearing this engraving is guaranteed to have been part of the remnants of Airship Z 4, exclusively recycled by me. Luedenscheid in September 1908 Wilhelm Berg Aluminumworks and Metal Goods Factory
A Most Intriguing 18th century Officer's Sabre With Armourer's Mark Brass stirrup hilt with fishskin grip and very unusual hinge assembled guard, that is not intended to open ??. The armourer's mark is a lion's face somewhat similar to the 18th century London silver hallmark. A beautiful sword with some most scarce features. 31.75 inch blade. Likely bespoke made but for what kind of officer?, that is the question. Research must be undertaken!
A Most Intriguing King George IIIrd Tipstaff With Estate Crest A superb looking long tipstaff in fine colouring bearing the cypher of King George IIIrd and the estate name of Dysart, this may well encompass the town of Dysart in Scotland. 26.25 inches long. Top end unevenly worn down.
A Most Rare 1859 British Rifle Cutlass-Bayonet with Bowl Guard This is a superb example of a rare Victorian bayonet with it's most impressive naval bowl guard. Made for the Royal Navy to fit on the Enfield rifle it had a duel purpose being a very long and effective bayonet when mounted on the rifle, and just as effective when used on it's own in close combat boarding and land patrol actions. 26.75 inch blade One original photo in the gallery of Bayonet Cutlass Drill, and another of a print of an exhibition of the new Gatling hand revolving Machine Gun, shown alongside two stands of arms bearing cutlass bayonets mounted on Enfield rifles. We have heard that at one or two auctions, where these fabulous sword bayonets have rarely appeared, and due to their combined scarcity and desirability for collectors they have fetched upwards of 2000 pounds or more.
A Most Rare 2nd Pattern WW2 FS Knife With A Bakelite Grip The variants of FS knife can be fairly diverse but the bakelite grip type is one of the scarcest. We have only had two previously in 40 years. Some special forces required other than metal handles, such as for very cold winter campaigns in, say, Norway, as a metal grip could if it was too cold stick to the bare hand skin of a commando, and, it was more comfortable to use in extreme climes. Also, in the jungle theatres of Burma, Thailand or Malaya they had wooden gripped FS knives as an option, or, man made composition materials such as bakelite that would make the knife slightly lighter and less easy to sink in rivers if dropped. The story about the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting knife starts in England 1940. In 1940 the British formed special commandos to carry out raids. The initiative came from Winston Churchill in 1940. On the 8 June 1940, Section M09 of the War Office was brought into being. The name commando was taken from small effective mobile Boer units during the war in South Africa 1899-1902. Two of the first instructors were Captain William Ewart Fairbairn (b. 28 February 1885, d. 20 June 1960) and Captain Eric Anthony Sykes (b. 5 February 1883, d. 12 May 1945). These middle aged gentlemen trained the young soldiers in a new and difficult mode of close-combat fighting at the Commando Basic Training Centre, Achnacarry, Scotland. Churchill described the commandos as 'a steel hand from the sea' The need for a proper fighting knife, for these commandos, was apparent from the first few weeks of training specialized personnel. As Fairbairn later wrote, "…the authorities did not recognize a fighting knife as part of the equipment of the fighting services. In fact, such a thing as a fighting knife could not be purchased anywhere in Great Britain." Until then, there had never been an official knife for the British armed services, although many types of knife had been authorised for use in the past. Bowie style knives were carried by some of the Imperial Yeomanry during the South African War of 1900-1901, and in World War I cut-down bayonets, privately purchased hunting knives, or captured German issue folding knives were extensively utilised. In November 1940 there was a meeting between W. E. Fairbairn, E. A. Sykes and Robert Wilkinson Latham at Wilkinson Sword Company. Fairbairn and Sykes described the type of knife they envisioned and the purpose for which it was intended. As discussion continued, preliminary sketches were drawn up and modified time and time again. As Robert Wilkinson Latham tells it: 'In order to explain exactly their point, the two men rose to their feet and one, it was Fairbairn my grandfather mentioned, grabbed the wood ruler from his desk and the two men danced around the office in mock combat'. W. E. Fairbairn had also brought with him an example of a suitable fighting knife. The system they devised utilised techniques drawn from Jiu Jitsu, Gatka, Kung Fu and 'Gutter Fighting'. It proved extremely effective. They were natural choices for the job. Both had served in the Shanghai Municipal Police Force, facing death daily in the dark, narrow streets and alleys of the city against armed thugs and organised gangs. In Shanghai they had made some fighting knives out of bayonets. The meeting resulted in the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting knife that was manufactured by Wilkinson Sword Co. They eventually changed the design a number of times to evolve into the current 3rd pattern
A Most Rare and Collectable 19th P.W.O. Hussars 1898-1902 Cap Badge Indian elephant on the earlier one line scroll [as opposed to the later, two line scroll, used till 1909]. An original, very fine quality, near mint example. This is one of the scarcest and most collectable Victorian cap badges in the field, and in the past 20 years we have seen only two or three original examples of this badge, and hundreds, if not thousands of copies. Part of a small collection of original rare Victorian badges we have just been most pleased to acquire. The regiment was originally raised in Bengal by the British East India Company in 1857 as the 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry, for service in the Indian Mutiny. During the Mutiny, a lieutenant of the regiment, Hugh Henry Gough, received the Victoria Cross. As with all other "European" units of the Company, they were placed under the command of the Crown in 1858, and subsequently formally moved into the British Army in 1862 when they were designated as hussars as the 19th Hussars. At this time, the regiment was authorised to inherit the battle honours of the disbanded 19th Light Dragoons. The 19th Hussars saw service in the 1882 Egyptian expedition, fighting at Tel el Kebir, and in the 1884-5 expedition to the Sudan at the Battle of Abu Klea. During the South African War they fought in the relief of Ladysmith. The regiment was titled 19th (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own) Hussars after Alexandra, Princess of Wales.
A Most Rare Antique 17th to 18th Century Sinhalese Kastane Sword Interesting kastane with the carved wood makara pommel a recurved knuckleguard and two quillon also with the Makara head and counter quillon with Makara [5 in all]. The hilt is delictely inlaid with brass inlays as is the blade. A typical 17th to 18th century sword from ancient Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which was in ancient times known as the Kingdom of Lions (Sinhaladwipa) often termed Sinhala. The term Sinha is lion in Hindu. These lionheads in grotesque form are of course representing this heritage. The makara represents the Hindu water beast (fish/crocodile) ridden by Varuna. Pommel with small jaw section lacking.The kastane is the national sword of Sri Lanka. It typically has a short curved single-edged blade, double-edged at the point. The hilt comprises a knuckle-guard and down-turned quillons, each terminating in a dragon's head. The swords were intended to serve as badges of rank; the quality of ornamentation depending on the status of the wearer. The establishment of European trading contacts with South Asia by the late 16th and early 17th century led to these swords becoming fashionable dress accessories among European gentlemen. A kastane can be seen in an equestrian portrait of Colonel Alexander Popham at Littlecote House in the care of the Royal Armouries Collection (I.315).
A Most Rare Civil War Army 44 Cal. Revolver by Allen and Wheellock Serial numbered '76'. A big and substantial American martial pistol of the Civil War cavalry, and the Wild West era thereafter. This example is one of only around 700 examples ever made, and the first 536 of those were bought by contract by the Union Army for the Civil War. The first 198 were purchased from William Read & Sons of Boston on December 31, 1861, and the remainder came directly from the company. Many of that contract going to the Michigan Cavalry, this gun is amazingly only serial numbered as 76. These guns were made between 1861-1862. These centre hammer percussion revolvers are believed to have been made after the Allen & Wheelock lipfire cartridge Army & Navy production. The action is good and the surface finish is certainly good for it's age. The Michigan Brigade, sometimes called the Wolverines, the Michigan Cavalry Brigade or Custer's Brigade, was a brigade of cavalry in the volunteer Union Army during the latter half of the American Civil War. Composed primarily of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, 5th Michigan Cavalry, 6th Michigan Cavalry and 7th Michigan Cavalry, the Michigan Brigade fought in every major campaign of the Army of the Potomac from the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 to the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House in April 1865. The brigade first gained fame during the Gettysburg Campaign under the command of youthful Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer. After the war, several men associated with the brigade joined the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment and later fought again under Custer in the Old West frontier. An Allen & Wheelock Centre Hammer Percussion Army Revolver, Serial no 88, sold for $7,945.00 04/24/2006. But that example did have some original finish. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Rare Early J. Gordon Bennett Ballooning Cup Medal. Bronze J. Gordon Bennett Cup commemorative medal; Obverse: relief of the J. Gordon Bennett Trophy Cup depicted, embossed text "COUPE AERONAUTIQUE, J. GORDON BENNETT", inscribed text "WON BY THE AERO CLUB OF AMERICA, FRANK P. LAHM 1906, EDGAR W. MIX 1909, ALAN R. HAWLEY 1910"; Reverse: embossed text of the St. Regis hotel dinner menu. There is an example in the Smithsonian. The Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett, is the most prestigious event in aviation and the ultimate challenge for the balloon pilots and their equipment. The goal is simple: to fly the furthest distance from the launch site. The international balloon competition was initiated by adventurer and newspaper tycoon Gordon Bennett in 1906, when 16 balloons launched from the Tuileries Gardens in Paris, France. The reverse of the medal shows the menu of the celebration meal at the St Regis Hotel, March 29th 1911
A Most Rare Item; An Epitome of Brighton By R. Sickelmore 1815 Topographical and Descriptive. A most wonderous and elegant leather bound original volume, from the very zenith of Brighton's fashionable fame, as the recreational home of the Prince Regent [at his Pavilion palace], and for London's society. Brighton's popularity as the Prince Regent's favourite town was world renown, and this is a most rare guide to the town, it's neighbours, it's attractions and facilities, complete with coloured town map. An absloute essential guide for all the residing and visiting nobilty, but very few survive today. Cost when published six shillings, and still with an old 1930's bookstore price label of ten pounds.
A Most Rare King Charles Ist Hunting Sword, Scabbard and Baldric 1640's all steel hunting swords are pretty rare, but to have it's original scabbard and baldric is exceptionaly rare. This is the form of sword that was highly desirable in it's day as it's length made it extremely useful in all manner of uses, from hunting wild boar to use as a senior officer's naval cutlass. There are numerous portraits of British Admirals from the 1640's to 1750's each depicted armed with a similar form of hunting sword.
A Most Rare King James Iind 'Gun Money' Half Crown Coin Dated May 1690 Minted in Ireland for the War In Ireland. The title means exactly what it says! These coins were struck in Ireland and used to pay the common soldiers of James II's army, who were helping him to regain the English throne from William and Mary. Most historians believe that the foreign officers - mostly French, Spanish and Portuguese - refused to be paid in anything other than gold or silver.30 penny piece half crown. Gun money was an issue of coins made by the forces of James II during the Williamite War in Ireland between 1689 and 1691. They were minted in base metal (copper, brass or pewter), and were designed to be redeemed for silver coins following a victory by James II and consequently bore the date in months to allow a gradual replacement. As James lost the war, that replacement never took place, although the coins were allowed to circulate at much reduced values before the copper coinage was resumed. They were mostly withdrawn from circulation in the early 18th century. The name "gun money" stems from the idea that they were minted from melted down guns, they consisted mostly of old cannon or church bells, and they looked brassy or coppery according to the "mix". The main mint was at Dublin, but in 1690 - when Limerick was under siege until 1691 - a second mint was set up. There were two issues. The first "large" issue consisted of sixpences, shillings and half crowns (2½ shillings). The second, "small" issue consisted of shillings, halfcrowns and crowns (5 shillings). Some of the second issue were overstruck on large issue pieces, with shillings struck over sixpences, half crowns on shillings and crowns on half crowns. The most notable feature of the coins is the date, because the month of striking was also included. This was so that after the war (in the event of James' victory), soldiers would be able to claim interest on their wages, which had been withheld from proper payment for so long. Specimen strikings were produced in silver and gold for most months, and these tend to be extremely rare. Though all these coins are unique in having the month and date on them, as they are the only British coins to have this distinction. The war in Ireland the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691.
A Most Rare Matchlock Musket of the Elizabethan to Civil War Period A most long impressive and historically interesting musketeer's musket from the late Tudor to the Stuart period. A very rare musketeer's military arquebuss, that was used in warfare from the 1500's till the mid 1650's, in conjunction with a arquebuss rest, as the gun was so heavy and long.Used by a musketeers with his 12 apostles pre loaded with powder, this would prove to be a devastating weapon used at long and short distance. It has a long octagonal tapered iron barrel terminating with a later, bronze three stage ring and octogonal muzzle piece. At the breech, on the top strap, is a long tubular facetted and moulded peep site, and to the ignition side is the integral touchhole pan with a rotating pivoted pan cover. The later stock is in plain timber of either walnut or beech. The lock, with a later plate, is typically simple lever that lowers the taper arm into the pan. One of the greatest scientists of the Middle Ages was Roger Bacon, born in 1241 in Somerset, England. Between 1257 and 1265, Bacon wrote a book of chemistry called Opus Majus which contained a recipe for gunpowder. The earliest picture of a gun is in a manuscript dated 1326 showing a pear-shaped cannon firing an arrow. Crude cannons were used by King Edward III against the Scots in the following year. In general, the design of the firearm components has remained almost unchanged since the first hand-held weapons were built - except for the ignition system. The earliest guns had a simple hole in the barrel, called a touch-hole, where the powder inside the barrel was exposed. The gun was fired by touching either a burning wick, taper or a red-hot iron to the exposed gun powder. Over the centuries, the development of more sophisticated and reliable ignition systems distinguished later period guns from earlier ones.The one real advantage the musketeers possessed was the intimidation factor which their weapons provided. The first important use of musketeers was in 1530 when Francis I organized units of arquebusiers or matchlock musketeers in the French army. By 1540 the matchlock design was improved to include a cover plate over the flash pan which automatically retracted as the trigger was pressed. The matchlock was the primary firearm used in the conquering of the New World. In time, the Native Americans (Indians) discovered the weaknesses of this form of ignition and learned to take advantage of them. Even Henry Hudson was defeated by an Indian surprise attack in 1609 due to unlit matches. The matchlock was introduced by Portuguese traders to Eastern countries around 1498, particularly India and Japan, and was used by them well into the 19th century. 63 inches long overall,
A Most Rare Original WW2 German ‘Hertz Horn’ Mine Mount Made in lead alloy a tube that was filled with glass liners containing bio chromatic chemicals in order to break upon contact and ignite the mine in order to sink the allied ship. Used on such as the German Type GZ (the German designation was UMA). It had a small charge of only 66 pounds of high explosive because it was intended as an anti-submarine mine. Anti-shipping mines had much larger charges.
A Most Rare Set Of 12 Original Photographs Of The General Nobile Expedition Original Polar Expeditions collectables are most highly desirable and we have been delighted to acquire two such connected lots. These are 12 original photographic postcards, published at the time, by two publishers, Traldi and Ballerini & Fratini. For example one is entitled "La Spedizione Nobile - 11 - Esplorazioni di Alpini." Ed. A. Traldi, Milan, n.d. c. 1928. and another "General Nobile to edge of Italy before leaving." Umberto Nobile January 21, 1885 – July 30, 1978) was an Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi-rigid airships during the Golden Age of Aviation between the two World Wars. He is primarily remembered for designing and piloting the airship Norge, which may have been the first aircraft to reach the North Pole, and which was indisputably the first to fly across the polar ice cap from Europe to America. Nobile also designed and flew the Italia, a second polar airship; this second expedition ended in a deadly crash and provoked an international rescue effort.The N-class airship Italia was slowly completed and equipped for Polar flight during 1927-28. Part of the difficulty was in raising private funding to cover the costs of the expedition, which finally was financed by the city of Milan; the Italian government limited its direct participation to providing the airship and sending the aging steamer Città di Milano as a support vessel to Svalbard, under the command of Giuseppe Romagna. This time the airship used a German hangar at Stolp en route to Svalbard and the mast at Vadsø (Northern Norway). On May 23, 1928, after an outstanding 69 hour long flight to the Siberian group of Arctic islands, the Italia commenced its flight to the North Pole with Nobile as both pilot and expedition leader. On May 24, the ship reached the Pole and had already turned back toward Svalbard when it ran into a storm. On May 25, the Italia crashed onto the pack ice less than 30 kilometres north of Nordaustlandet (Eastern part of Svalbard). Of the 16 men in the crew, ten were thrown onto the ice as the gondola was smashed; the remaining six crewmen were trapped in the buoyant superstructure as it ascended skyward due to loss of the gondola; the fate of the six men was never resolved. One of the ten men on the ice, Pomella, died from the impact; Nobile suffered a broken arm, broken leg, broken rib and head injury; Cecioni suffered two badly broken legs; Malmgren suffered a severe shoulder injury and suspected injury to a kidney; and Zappi had several broken ribs. The crew managed to salvage several items from the crashed airship gondola, including a radio transceiver, a tent which they later painted red for maximum visibility, and, critically, packages of food and survival equipment which quick-witted engineer Ettore Arduino had managed to throw onto the ice before he and his five companions were carried off to their deaths by the wrecked but still airborne airship envelope and keel. As the days passed, the drifting sea ice took the survivors towards Foyn and Broch islands. A few days after the crash the Swedish meteorologist Malmgren and Nobile's second and third in command Mariano and Zappi decided to leave the immobile group and march towards land. Malmgren, who was injured, weakened and reportedly still depressed over his meteorological advice that he felt contributed to the crash, asked his two Italian companions to continue without him. These two were picked up several weeks later by the Soviet icebreaker "Krasin". However there were persistent rumors that Malmgren was killed and cannibalized by Zappi and Mariano
A Most Rare, German Pilot-Observer Combined Gold Silver Award of 1936. This Pilot/observer badge (first type) follows the same design as the pilot's badge except for the colouring, the pilot's badge were one colour, the combined pilot-observer award has the gold wreath and silver eagle as this one. This badge is in superb condition and shows very little wear. It is beautifully finished with the wreath a high quality matt gilt finish with burnished highlights. The eagle is heavily silver plated which is then frosted and the highlights polished. The rare badge displays CE Junker, Berlin, maker mark. The Pilot/Observer badge was instituted as the Flugzeugführer- und Beobachterabzeichen) instituted on 26 March 1936 by the Commander in Chief of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring to award to personnel who had already been awarded the Pilot's badge or Observer badge. It was worn on the lower part of the left breast pocket of the service tunic, underneath the 1st class Iron Cross if awarded. Early examples are of the highest quality and the materials used, throughout its manufactured lifetime varied from nickel silver to aluminium to zinc. Special presentation types were awarded to only the most important figures before and during the war in the Luftwaffe, such as Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring and Major Adolf Galand in 1940, and to a few very important figures, of and to the Reich, in other services, including Mussolini, SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst of the Waffen-SS Sepp Dietrich, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler [in 1942], Generalfeldmarshall Erwin Rommel & Großadmiral Karl Dönitz (Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine) [in 1943] Original colour photo of SS-Obergruppenführer Josef “Sepp” Dietrich in full dress uniform wearing his special presentation Combined Pilot/Observer Badge [for information only not included]
A Most Rare, Original German Zeppellin Award. Maker marked German Zeppelin crew award. Issued after the end of The Great War, in 1920, this badge was given to those servicemen who were assigned to either the Army and Navy Zeppelin Air services. Around 1000 were made for the Army and 1500 for the Navy and 1000 for ground crew. We believe this is a Navy example with the crown removed. Possibly to be worn as an Army badge. Two propaganda postcards are shown in the gallery showing the Zeppellins, two of them coming over to England ahead of the German fleet, and the other over the coast of England in 1915 [not included]
A Most Scarce 52nd Regt, of Light Infantry Pioneer Sword This sword is an absolute beauty, and such a rare piece from the late Georgian era. It has a stunning cast brass hilt with a superb cast lion pommel and the regiment number of the 52nd and the Light Infantry Bugle. This sword was made specifically for the 52nd and we very rarely see examples of it from one decade to the next. Most examples have the saw back form, but this is the adapted, back-sword blade with double edged fore-section. Overall 29.5 inches long, blade 24 inches.
A Most Scarce and Attractive Irish Guards WW1 Officer's Trench Wrist Watch This is a most handsome watch used by an officer, a 2nd Lieutenant in the Irish Guards, a brother officer of fellow Irish Guards officer, John Kipling, son of one of England's greatest poets and novelists, Rudyard Kipling, who was declared missing presumed killed, at Loos 1915.The watch has a top winding crown. The watch has the very desirable, screw front, nickel case, and measures 39mm. Crown and cathedral hands are all original and really attractive. The movement is unsigned, Swiss made and running well and keeping time. Separate second dial, good numerals. Acquired with the officer's portrait miniature and his campaign eating set. The Irish Guards were formed on 1st April 1900 by order of HRH Queen Victoria to commemorate the bravery of the Irish people who fought in the Boer war. The Irish Guards played a major part in both World Wars, winning a total of six Victoria Crosses including the last to be presented in the Second World War and have seen armed conflict in many parts of the world since 1945. The strength of the Regiment on mobilisation in 1914 was 997. During the Great War 293 Officers and 9340 Other Ranks served as Irish Guardsmen of whom 115 Officers and 2235 Other Ranks gave their lives and a further 195 Officers and 5541 Other Ranks were wounded. The numbers don't add up because some of the individuals were wounded more than once and are counted accordingly. On the 8th September 1914 the Battle of Marne started and this was to be the turning point when the German advance from Mons was halted just east of Paris, and the Allies began the advance northwards towards AINSE where the 1st Battalion crossed by pontoon on the 14th September 1914. In mid-October the BEF was moved to cover the Channel Ports and from the 21st October to the 12th November 1914 the 1st Battalion fought continuously in the first battle of YPRES, losing more than 700 men. That winter saw the beginning of the long period of trench-warfare, which lasted until the final battles in 1918. Life consisted of mostly monotony, often intense discomfort from the cold and mud, but with an ever-increasing number of casualties from the shelling, machine guns, sniping, mortaring, mining and raids. From time to time they took part in great set-piece battles such as FESTUBERT, LOOS (this was the first time the Regiment's newly formed 2nd Battalion was in action) THE SOMME, YPRES, CAMBRAI and ARRAS. Each success or failure meant a few hundred yards gained or lost, but the lists of casualties were always large, right up until the last great offensives of the German army in 1918. The collapse of the Russian revolution in 1917 meant that the German eastern front was closed enabling them to redeploy those involved to the western front and against the Allies. On the 21st March sixty-four German Divisions were flung against the point where the British and French Armies met at HAZEBROUCK. The Germans were nearly successful in their attempt to reach the Channel Ports, however the tide was turned during the summer and in August 1918 the Allied Armies took the offensive at places such as HINDENBURG LINE and CANAL NORD. By November 1918 Germany was defeated and the Armistice was signed on the 11th November 1918, by which time the 1st Battalion were at MAUBEUGE, which was only a few miles from MONS, where they had first come under fire in 1914. Acquired with his trench watch and campaign, All to be sold separately. We do not know the officer's name unfortunately but it could possibly be traced through vintage officer group photos.
A Most Scarce and Beautiful Antique Balinese Executioner's Keris The hilt is a gilt metal figure modelled likely as Bayu, Hindu god of wind, seated on a rock, his right hand holding the flask with life-elixer, the left a part of his shawl, his face with ferocious expression and bulging eyes studded with coloured glass-beads. It has a very nice very long blade of the excecutioner's form. This is a nice piece and a most unusually seen variation of these interesting weapons, called the Kris or Keris. Good antique gold coloured metal hilts of Bayu, studded with glass beads such as this, are most collectable and they occassionally appear, on the collector's market, frequently mounted on a base, without their blades, and sold as Asian Object D'art. In Sale No.2501, at Christie's, their sale of Asian Ceramics and Works of Art, on the 8 May 2001, in Amsterdam, a gold coloured metal figure of this very kind, also studded with similar glass beads, sold for $9,390 US Dollars.
A Most Scarce Crown Painted Scottish Tipstaff of Office, Broughton 1830's Turned wood in ebonised finish, painted and named with a Crown and King William IVth's cypher. Named to Broughton in Scotland. The early Police or Sheriff's Officer's authority was represented not by a badge, but by a tipstaff. The tipstaff represented the officer's direct authority from the crown to make an arrest. A tipstaff is a staff of office mounted with a tip or cap of metal, or with a painted crown, which is carried by a constable or sheriff's officer. Tipstaffs are attached to the courts of justice and their major duty is to arrest or take into custody any person on an order of committal, if within the precincts of the court and convey them to prison
A Most Scarce German WW2 Purple Piped Nebeltruppe Cap [Smoke Troops]. In good condition for age. A little light mothing, nicely supplier marked, and a good unusual cap ideal for the collector of desirable German army caps of WW2. Nebeltruppen smoke troops are general chemical warfare troops, who were trained for both smoke and gas operations, and in the event of chemical warfare breaking out, the offensive role will be borne primarily by them. Specifically with reference to the use of smoke, it should be borne in mind that when smoke is required in limited areas it is produced generally by smoke-producing ammunition fired by the combat units' organic weapons, such as artillery and mortars; in operations involving the use of smoke in large quantities the specially trained and equipped, smoke troops are used. A number of these units was reported destroyed at Stalingrad. Three smoke batteries were also reported in North Africa. It was known that the Grossdeutschland Division and probably 20 divisions formed since December 1941, include an organic smoke battery. "It is well to point out here that the Germans distinguish between the blinding screen and the area screen, a distinction not specifically made by General von Cochenhausen. The blinding screen is laid to blind hostile observation. The area screen is laid over an extensive area and fighting is carried out within the screen under conditions similar to a natural thick fog." The previous details were in part taken from a report on German smoke tactics in WWII, from Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 32, August 26, 1943. US War Dept.
A Most Scarce Luftwaffe General's Visor Cap Wreath and Cockade Gilt metal one piece wreath and cockade. I pin mount remaining. Made for a Luftwaffe General, such as Fighter Ace and later General, Adolf Galand. An invaluable original rarity if one needs one. A good, original, complete, Luftwaffe general's visor cap would be up to £3,000 or so.
A Most Scarce Police Lantern For Special Patrols In WW1 Maker marked and dated 1917. Used for special protection patrols, and on railway protection in order to warn oncoming trains for imminent danger from Zeppelin raids. Also used in Railway marshalling yards. a larger than usual example, with oil lamp, and concealing light fitting [but lacking catch] for officers to conceal themselves, without being seen, but availing the officer with instant access to light. Also vital for long distance signaling. Small crack to lens.
A Most Scarce Reading Borough Police Cutlass No 53 Circa 1840 The Reading Borough Police was a police force for the borough of Reading in the United Kingdom. The force was created in 1836, at which time it had a strength of 30 constables, two sergeants and two inspectors. With brass hilt, sharkskin bound grip brass and leather scabbard., and blade etched with R.B.P No 53. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards. Which was to a regular patrol made in order to prevent body snatchers from defiling late burials, and the stealing of bodies, for medical experimentation. This was a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from 'grave' assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well. Small loss to top of grip and leather stitching on the scabbard separated.
A Most Scarce Spanish Peninsular War, 1796 Pattern Bilboa Cavalry Sword A fabulous, original, example of these scarce rapier type Spanish 18th century broadswords. The hilt is in superb order, with excellent wire bound grip and large shaped bowl, as is the very long broadsword blade. In 1796 (although there is a controversy around the precise date) a new model sword for Spanish cavalry troopers was adopted. This beautiful example, showing very classic lines and a very similar construction to the previous pattern, presents an almost full cup-hilt in a rapier style, curved quillons and knuckle-bow. The blade was very similar to that of 1728 pattern, having these dimensions: length 940 mm, width 35, thickness 6 mm. Alongside the later 1803 pattern change these were predominantly used by cavalry at the Battle of Baylen, the crushing defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armee in the Spanish invasion. Battle of Baylen Fought July 19, 1808, between 15,000 Spaniards under Castaflos, and 20,000 French under Dupont. The French were totally defeated with a loss of over 2,000 men, and Dupont surrendered with his whole army. The Battle of Bailén [Baylen] was contested in 1808 between the Spanish Army of Andalusia, led by Generals Francisco Castaños and Theodor von Reding, and the Imperial French Army's II corps d'observation de la Gironde under General Pierre Dupont de l'Étang. The heaviest fighting took place near Bailén (sometimes anglicized Baylen), a village by the Guadalquivir river in the Jaén province of southern Spain. In June 1808, following the widespread uprisings against the French occupation of Spain, Napoleon organized French units into flying columns to pacify Spain's major centres of resistance. One of these, under General Dupont, was dispatched across the Sierra Morena and south through Andalusia to the port of Cádiz where an French naval squadron lay at the mercy of the Spanish. The Emperor was confident that with 20,000 men, Dupont would crush any opposition encountered on the way.[7] Events proved otherwise, and after storming and plundering Córdoba in July, Dupont retraced his steps to the north of the province to await reinforcements. Meanwhile, General Castaños, commanding the Spanish field army at San Roque, and General von Reding, Governor of Málaga, travelled to Seville to negotiate with the Seville Junta—a patriotic assembly committed to resisting the French incursions—and to turn the province's combined forces against the French. Dupont's failure to leave Andalusia proved disastrous. Between 16 and 19 July, Spanish forces converged on the French positions stretched out along villages on the Guadalquivir and attacked at several points, forcing the confused French defenders to shift their divisions this way and that. With Castaños pinning Dupont downstream at Andújar, Reding successfully forced the river at Mengibar and seized Bailén, interposing himself between the two wings of the French army. Caught between Castaños and Reding, Dupont attempted vainly to break through the Spanish line at Bailén in three bloody and desperate charges, losing more than 2,500 men. His counterattacks defeated, Dupont called for an armistice and was compelled to sign the Convention of Andújar which stipulated the surrender of almost 18,000 men, making Bailén the worst disaster and capitulation of the Peninsular War, and the first major defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armée. When news of the catastrophe reached the French high command in Madrid, the result was a general retreat to the Ebro, abandoning much of Spain to the insurgents. France's enemies in Spain and throughout Europe cheered at this first check to the hitherto unbeatable Imperial armies[8]—tales of Spanish heroism inspired Austria and showed the force of nation-wide resistance to Napoleon, setting in motion the rise of the Fifth Coalition against France.
A Most Scarce WW1 Imperial German Military Issue Close Combat Dagger By Carl Eickhorn of Solingen. Very likely designed from parts of current patterns of sidearm and bayonet of the time. At the start of WW1 no one was to envisage it was to become the greatest and most diabolical instigator of the all new close combat trench warfare. Whole armies were locked in a Dantesque fight of unimaginable horror, lasting four interminable years. The opposing trenches that faced each other stretched for hundreds of miles, and millions of men where engaged in a whole new and never seen before kind of combat. Neither combatant side were prepared for the necessity of the weapons required but some erstaz daggers were made by the Imperial Germans to assist storm troops in their man to man combat throughout the entire trench network. This is one of those knives. It bears and official issue stamp of the Imperial eagle, it bears a machine gunners type knife pommel, with a large whole for a lanyard loop. A formed brass grip with light rudimentary chequering and affixed with three rivets, and a short powerful blade with a single long edge and a small return false edge.Single iron quillon.
A Most Scarce, Free Polish, Second Infantry Fusiliers Division, Medal, 1942 A very rarely seen Free Polish Army medal awarded at Christmas in 1942, to the Free Polish Army, 2nd Division, that fought in the Battle of France to defend Paris, and retreated to escape the German advance, to Switzerland, to then be interned. The medal has a Polish Eagle to the centre,and within the rim, Boze Narodze w Szajcar.I.I. D.S.P. On the obverse, a bust of a soldier, facing left, within the rim, Noel En Suisse Des Internes 1942. Signed. Huquenin. Awarded to Polish soldiers interned in Switzerland. 30.5 mm with eyelet. White metal silver plated. After Poland's defeat after the joint Russian and German invasion, the government in exile quickly organized in France a new fighting force originally of about 80,000 men. Their units were subordinate to the French Army. Meanwhile an Anglo-Polish Naval Agreement on 18 November 1939 organised the serving of Polish Naval units alongside the Royal Navy. And in early 1940 a Polish Highland Brigade took part in the Battles of Narvik in Norway. A Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade was formed in French-mandated Syria, to which many Polish troops had escaped from Poland. Two Polish divisions (First Grenadier Division, and Second Infantry Fusiliers Division) took part in the defence of France, while a Polish motorized brigade and two infantry divisions were being formed. During these dramatic events a number of Poles escaped across the Romanian, Czech and Hungarian borders and eventually joined the Polish Forces in France. Other Poles were captured by the advancing Soviet Army and taken as forced labour to Siberia and Northern Russia. The Polish Nation was divided: this effectively created the strands of two stories. Poles in France formed and trained. Some Poles were sent to the defence of Norway and were with the British in the spring of 1940. The combined British, French and Polish Force saw action against the Germans at Narvik in Norway and was eventually evacuated 10 May 1940. Germany attacked France on 26 May 1940. The Free Polish Forces prepared to defend Paris. But the Battle for France was over quickly and on 22 June an armistice was signed between Germany and France. The capitulation by the French again left them in a quandary. Units continued to fight despite Pétain’s disgraceful call for armistice and demobilization on 16th June 1940 while the Poles covered the retreat. Polish units were cut off by the retreat and many decided to sneak around German strongholds to avoid capture (Piotowski, 1943). Brigadier-General Bronislaw Prugar-Kietling defended the Belfort area with 545 senior officers, 2,373 officers and 12,912 troops. The First Division fought on until the 18th June and the 2nd Division decided to escape across the border into Switzerland on the 20 - 21st June 1940. Brigadier-General Prugar-Kietling crossed into Switzerland at 5.30am as the first German tanks overran the remains of the Franco-Polish defences. At the border the Polish soldiers abandoned their arms and became interned under the control and protection of General Henri Guisan. After the war's end, to the principal allies eternal shame, the Free Polish forces were not even permitted to partake in the British Victory parade through the streets of London, in order not to offend 'Uncle' Joe Stalin, even though tens of thousands of Poles had fought and died alongside their allied brethren throughout the whole war. Although, to Britain's great credit, we principally entered the war in defence of Poland, and not in defence of ourselves, critical political pressure was 'brought to bear' upon Churchill not to permit the Poles to partake in the Victory Parade.
A Most Scarce, Victorian Military '7th Royal Fusiliers March' Polyphon Disc Ideal for both collectors of Royal Fusiliers items, and musical Polyphon discs. Polyphon is the trade name of a large coin-operated music box, a mechanical device first manufactured in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Germany or Switzerland. In March, 1854, France, Turkey and Britain declared war on Russia, and the theatre for the fighting was the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea. The Royal Fusiliers were dispatched as part of the Allied expedition and arrived to fight at the Battle of the Alma in September of 1854 and at Inkerman in November of the same year. The Regiment endured the brutal winter conditions of the Crimea during the siege of Sevastopol through the following winter, and were present at the end of that siege in September, 1855. The Regiment returned to England in 1856. Five members were awarded the newly-instituted Victoria Cross for valiant service in the Crimea. They were Assistant Surgeon Thomas Hale Egerton, Lieutenant William Hope, Private Matthew Hughes, Captain Henry Mitchell Jones and Private William Norman. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Battles of the Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol. The second battalion was sent to Ireland in 1872 and then to India in 1874, eventually returning to England in 1889 after service on campaign in Afghanistan in 1880. In Afghanistan, Private Thomas Ashford was awarded a Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded comrade while under fire. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Afghanistan Campaign (1879-1880) and Kandahar (1880).
A Most Unusual 19th Century British Sword Stick For A Retired Fusilier This is extraordinarily unusual. A sword stick with it's haft completely covered in wound and lacquered string with Turk's Head knots, spirals and banding. The handle is shaped like a bird of paradise and it's plumage is a British regimental shako fusilier's plume. The blade is long, single edged. The plume can be unscrewed for regular use.
A Most Unusual Edo Period Katana Tsuba, With Rotational Fitting An iron sukashi tsuba, cut with four symbols, and two north and west facing blade apertures to enable the rotation of the tsuba mounting onto the blade. The tsuba is usually a round, ovoid or occasionally squarish guard at the end of the tsuka of bladed Japanese weapons, like the katana and its various declinations, tachi, wakizashi, tanto, naginata etc. They contribute to the balance of the weapon and to the protection of the hand. The tsuba was mostly meant to be used to prevent the hand from sliding onto the blade during thrusts as opposed to protecting from an opponent's blade. The chudan no kamae guard is determined by the tsuba and the curvature of the blade. The diameter of the average katana tsuba is 7.5–8 centimetres (3.0–3.1 in), wakizashi tsuba is 6.2–6.6 cm (2.4–2.6 in), and tanto tsuba is 4.5–6 cm (1.8–2.4 in). During the Muromachi period (1333–1573) and the Momoyama period (1573–1603) Tsuba were more for functionality than for decoration, being made of stronger metals and designs. During the Edo period (1603–1868) tsuba became more ornamental and made of less practical metals such as gold. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other.
A Most Unusual French Cavalry Pistol Circa 1830 to 1840 Made at the arsenal at St Etienne [proof marks the barrel underside] it conforms in part to the earlier, 1822 pattern Guarde du Roi pistol, with it's distinctive ovoid butt cap, as opposed the standard line-cavalry pattern with the bird's head butt cap. Although this is most similar to the earlier Guarde du Roi pattern, we have yet to find reference works to confirm this. It may have been a subsequent model, with a back action lock, that may only have seen brief service, or, a prototype model not officially adopted. The French cavalry and the French Guarde Du Corps in the 19th century had numerous patterns, model changes, transitional patterns, conversions and variations, and as such, a few models remain unidentifiable to us at present. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Unusual Gilded Copper Antique Edo Kodzuka in the Form A Salmon Kodzuka have been collectable items for many centuries, simply as works of art, even though they were functional knife handles, for the itility blades that fitted into wakazashi, tanto and katana saya. They can vary in quality, and this is a fine example, decorated with pure gold over a copper base. This fish type is rare and most collectable. The kodzuka handle had a long thin blade that slotted into it's opening, and the blade was often considered to be almost of a disposable nature, with the handle itself being the prized part. 4" long.
A Most Unusual Spadroon Hilted Sword, King George IIIrd Of The 1780's A very nice British officer's sword. With a ribbed ebony grip with steel side ribs, 3 stage ovoid facetted pommel, double edged blade engrave with loyal motto, 'For My Country and King' on both sides.
A Most Unusual Straight Quillon Spanish Civil War Fighting Knife We last saw one like this, with a slight S shaped quillon, illustrated in Gordon Hughes's Primer of Military Knives Part One. A most similar three rivet celluloid gripped fighting knife, a dagger used by the Militia members of “El Battalion de la Muerte” (Battalion of Death). They were one of the International Brigades of Communists and Socialists. Volunteers from all over Europe to fight against General Franco's fascists. Their knives can be seen in this photo in the gallery, worn at the waist, and this fine piece is most similar but with the owner's khaki scabbard camouflage covering. The other knife we saw in Hughes book had a central fuller groove, this one is lacking that, although it has been field sharpened. This was an item that it is believed to have been used by a British fighter member, possibly an Empire colonial. It's similarity to the WW2 British FS knife must only compliment it's designer's efforts in creating a most effective fighting weapon.
A Most Unusual, Charming, Austrian Influence Flintlock Pistol Circa 1810 With a carved stock very much in the Austrian manner with chisseling and line engraving. Carved horn fore end, copper ramrod pipe and steel furniture. The barrel is decoratively engraved down it's length. The kind of pistol used by gentlemen in the Napoleonic Wars around central and Southern Europe.
A Most Unusual, Original, Vintage Sword, For An Officer Of the King Of Siam A rare opportunity to own a beautiful pattern of sword that appears most infrequently on the collector's market. With the elephant pommel and Royal Arms of the King. Gilt bronze mounts, leather and gilt scabbard and plain blade. The sword was initially designed and contracted to the Wilkinson Sword Co. in the 1870's. However, this example was likely not made by Wilkinson, and commissioned in or around the 1920's.
A Museum Grade Baby's Gas Mask Dated 1939 A most evocative memory piece of WW2. A baby's respirator with metal backing frame. Pump action and in very good condition. Ideal for the collector of WW2 respirators or for a film or theatre costumier hire company.
A Myanmar Dao of the Naga-Kachin Peoples (northern Burma (Myanmar)) Superior chiefs type sword. One of the most recognised head hunting people in the modern world, are the Nagas. Radically different from the better known Indian ethnic groups and closely related to the Chin and Kachin people of Burma, the Naga tribes live in the mountains of north-east India. Head-hunting was an important practice to them, for the sucess of their crops depended on a sprinkling of blood from a stranger over the fields. Head taking was also vital to ensure the health of the community and the wealth of the village as a whole. Once certain tattoos showed the wearer had taken an enemy's head. Costumes and ornaments of hair, fur, shells, teeth, cane, ivory, carved wood and monkeys' skulls were worn not only for aesthetic effect, but possessed great power in their own right. The taking of heads and or the giving of mithun feasts earned individual Nagas the right to wear distinctive and powerful ornaments, which in turn gave them higher status within the tribe. This sword is extremely similar to an example described as being of the Kachin type in Rawson (plate 37) and to an example in the Pitt-Rivers Museum in Oxford, England which is also labeled as being of the Kachin type. The end of the hilt is flared out and capped by a plate of ivory or bone. The grip of the handle is wrapped with basketry painted black towards the cap and a bronze ferrule covers the hilt towards the blade. The single cutting edge, oriented upward in the photographs above, is almost straight although a minimal convex curve may be discerned upon close examination. The face of the blade shown has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. The opposite blade face is relatively flat. Dao. Myanmar of the Kachin Hills. Mid-to-late 19th Century. The blade shows a folded serpentine pattern in the steel, and a hardened edge. Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. Overall length: 63 cm.; blade length:47 cm.
A Napoleonic Colonel's or Staff Officer's Sword In 'Post Combat' Condition One of the most desirable, scarcest and beautiful swords used by senior officer's in Napoleon's Grande Armee. Known as the Marengo pattern hiIt, It is in post hand to hand combat order, and has obviously seen some combat damage and wear. In original condition swords of this pattern are highly rare and valued very, very highly indeed. For example a very similar hilted, of an unknown officer of the Imperial Guarde example, [but of course in better order] sold in 1991, at the Delevenne-Lafarge saleroom in Paris, for an astounding £32,830. However, it is, in certain respects, very much to it's advantage, to be in battle worn order, as this fine and very rare sword is now easily within reach of many average French Napoleonic weaponry collector's, whereas in perfect order, a sword such as this, that was used by a senior staff officer, under, for example Marshal Ney's command, would be beyond the reach of most collector's pockets. Unusually it has a straight blade, which may suggest it was a staff officer controlling the French heavy cavalry, such as cuirassiers or carabiniers. A truly fabulous French sword of much scarcity and collect ability, as so few of these swords, that were used officer's within the echelons of Napoleon's personal influence survive today. And it is perfectly possible that Napoleon himself knew it's officer owner personally. The last picture in the gallery is of Napoleon's brother Joseph and Marshal Jourdan ans Suchet, Jourdan is carrying a very similar sword to this. No scabbard, extreme end of quillon lacking.
A Napoleonic Wars Era 'Brown Bess' Type Musket 16 Bore Tower marked lock with Crown stamp. Ring necked cock. Proved barrel. Good walnut stock, brass furniture Good bayonet with maker mark of T. Gill [maker to the ordnance] and numbered 37. The form of 'Brown Bess' type musket made for trade contracts using a slightly smaller bore than the standard Bess. Excellent working action, wonderful patina and a very good sound piece in great order.
A Native North American Pair of Child's Boots. Reservation Period Probably Cree Tribe. Beautifully made and thoroughly charming. Not antique, 20th century, but very interesting and Native American art is never normally to be seen in Europe. Superb detail and workmanship
A Nazi Period Swastika Decorated Perpetual Desk Calender 1936-7 For the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei company, with a bronze placque of the LZ129 Hindenburg with swastika tail fins, and a swastika motif border. A cylindrycal perpetual calender with double rotary adjusted days, dates, and months. All on a wooden plinth. Made for American useage with English calender. The DZR was created at the instigation of Air Minister Hermann Göring as a way to increase Nazi control over zeppelin operations, and can be see as part of the larger policy of Gleichschaltung, or coordination, which affected all aspects of German life in the years following Hitler’s assumption of power. Consistent with Nazi ideology, the airship was expected to be more than just a private commercial venture; it was to be a public symbol of the new German nation. In a speech marking the founding of the DZR, Göring commented: “I hope that the new ship will also fulfill its duty in furthering the cause of Germany… The airship does not have the exclusive purpose of flying across the Atlantic, but also has a responsibility to act as the nation’s representative.” The even larger airship, the LZ 129 'Hindenburg' joined the 'Graf Zeppelin' in 1936, and, in addition to South Atlantic flights with its parter, inaugurated a service over the North Atlantic, between Frankfurt and Lakehurst in New Jersey, in the summer. Also in 1936 the South American route was extended to Rio de Janeiro. Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei ceased operations as the commercial use of airships came to an abrupt end on 6 May 1937, when the 'Hindenburg' exploded at Lakehurst. 112mm x 118mm x 65mm high
A Nice 19th Century Patent Powder Flask A jolly attractive flask in nice operating order with original lacquer finish. Decorated with stags and hounds on both sides.
A Nice Early 19th century, King George IIIrd Old Sheffield Decanter Coaster a wine and spirit decanter gallery coaster in fine old plate, with deep turned carved mahogany base, pierced sides, multi ribbed rim edge and beize cloth on the bottom. Measures 5" in diameter x 2.25" tall. Excellent period condition.
A Nice Indo Persian Tulwar With Likely a 17th 18th Century German Blade Long fullered blade, predominantly straight with a very slight curve. Armourers mark of parallel waves. Traditional iron hilt with cursive knucklebow.
A Nice Koto Samurai Tanto Good koto blade, circa 1500, Edo period fittings, quite simple and most attractive. Horn kashira and brass fushi. Coromandel lacquer saya with kodzuka pocket and a small, simple, late kodzuka set within it. Mu sori blade, with nice hamon and grain. Overall length 13 inches, blade length 8.25 inches
A Nice Victorian Silver Topped Walking Cane, Mallacca Wood Haft Hallmarked repousse silver top.
A Nice, Sound WW2 German Dagger Blade. For Luftwaffe, Army or Customs Made by Ernst Packe & Sohne of Solingen, Siegfried Waffen logo mark. Good polish with small finger print marks. An excellent blade for collectors and a way to replace a good blade on a dagger that bears a broken or damaged one.
A Nickle Plated 19th Century Pinfire Engraved Revolver Very charmingly engraved with New York scroll engraving. Micro cross hatched carved wooden grips. Folding trigger, good tight mainspring good rotating action. As a British import, pinfire pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War and the Wild West [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen in the US, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is pocket size, and is the very type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient personal defender by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies and by gamblers and n'ear do wells in the Wild West. Trigger needs returning by hand [return spring inoperative]. Liege proofs. 7mm. Cal. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A North African Antique Koummya Jambiya The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the contoured handles, curved double-edged blades and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation. In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the waist and is suspended vertically, with the scabbard tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end to one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder. A much greater diversity in forms and decoration exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally. Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip. The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side. Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the tip. While the edge bevels may give the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is rectangular at the forte. These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical. Typical piece in average order for age, bruising and wear averall.
A North African Sudanese Arm Dagger With leather scabbard and arm loop to hide and conceal the dagger up a warriors sleeve. The scabbard has leather areas lacking repaired with canvas..
A North European Early 17th Century Burgonet Helmet Rounded two piece skull joined medially at the apex with high roped comb with some losses, projecting forward to an acutely pointed peak. Fairly corroded overall, but this is a good, honest early helmet, now quite scarce, and from around the late Queen Elizabeth Ist era.
A Pair of 16th Century Style Armour Demi- Gauntlets In iron with articulated hand defences. Probably 19th century. Historically, gauntlets were used by soldiers and knights. It was considered an important piece of armour, since the hands and arms were particularly vulnerable in hand-to-hand combat. With the rise of easily reloadable and effective firearms, hand-to-hand combat fell into decline along with personal armour, including gauntlets. Some medieval gauntlets had a built-in knuckle duster. When the hand was bunched into a fist the backhand protection becomes pronounced from the fist just above the knuckles, this allowed the user to utilize the gauntlet as a melee weapon while still protecting the hand from damage when punching. However, against an armed combatant the use of this feature would have been risky so it was very unlikely that a gauntlet would have been used in this way when a more suitable weapon was within reach. But if the user had no other means to defend themselves the tactics they would have employed would be to attempt to surprise the opponent with this inconspicuous attack, possibly by dodging and countering, aiming for exposed areas of flesh such as the face or weak areas of armour, such as under the arm or the groin. A "Demi-gauntlet" (also called a "demi-gaunt" for short) is a type of plate armour gauntlet that only protects the back of the hand and the wrist; demi-gaunts are worn with gloves made from mail or padded leather. The advantages of the demi-gaunt are that it allows better dexterity and is lighter than a full gauntlet, but the disadvantage is that the fingers are not as well protected. To "throw down the gauntlet" is to issue a challenge. A gauntlet-wearing knight would challenge a fellow knight or enemy to a duel by throwing one of his gauntlets on the ground. The opponent would pick up the gauntlet to accept the challenge. The phrase is associated particularly with the action of the King's Champion, which officer's role was from mediæval times to act as champion for the King at his coronation, in the unlikely event that someone challenged the new King's title to the throne.
A Pair Of Boxlock Pocket Percussion Pistols Circa 1835 In very good order, with what appears to be very nice original finish. All steel furniture with engraved side plates, barrel tangs and trigger guards, slab sided walnut butts, oval name cartouches to sides, one engraved D.EGG. Durs Egg was one of England finest ever gunsmiths, but at this period his working life was coming to an end, and after his death, his relatives [John and George Frederick[son] ] carried on working in his name. Good turn-ff breech loading barrels with excellent proof markings. Both actions are very crisp indeed, but one pistol is reticent to engage past first cock. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Pair of Decorative Japanese Sword Placques Made from a full set of pre 1937 ShinGunto Officer sword fittings [complete with tsuka and 'bulls blood' red lacquered wooden saya] that have been cut in two, equally, from 'bow to stern' and mounted on two dark brown lacquered wooden panels. A very attractive, imaginative and most pleasing decorative effect has thus been achieved.
A Pair Of German Artillery Shell Trench Art Vases Dated August 1917 In need of tender hand polishing that would reveal superb results. 9 inches high
A Pair of Late 18th Early 19th Century Napoleonic Crossbow Pistol Bolts Very finely made steel quarrel heads, beautifully facetted, with brass lined collars. On wooden hafts. Superbly made pieces and very scarce indeed. Illustrated with the kind of pistol used from the Napoleonic era. A weapon as silent as the grave, yet more deadly than a pistol as it's range was greater and penetrating power more effective. The heads could easily be beautifully polished to brighter steel. A picture in the gallery of a Napoleonic pistol that used such bolts.
A Pair of Monumental and Fabulous Gaucho 'Cowboy' Spurs Silver inlaid steel with huge 5.5 inch multi spiked roundels. The South American Cowboy or Gaucho was the first range cowboy, whose existance is first recorded back in the 1600's, they wandered the Pampas for centuries, working cattle and living off the land and the herd, just as the later North American Cowboy did in the 19th century. Like the North American cowboys gauchos were generally reputed to be strong, honest, silent types, but proud and capable of violence when provoked. The gaucho tendency to violence over petty matters is also recognized as a typical trait. Gauchos' use of the famous "facón" (knife generally tucked into the rear of the gaucho sash) is legendary, often associated with considerable bloodletting. Historically, the facón was typically the only eating instrument that a gaucho carried. As Charles Darwin said of these distinctive famous men of the pampas, and the men who wore and used the facón, "Many quarrels arose, which from the general manner of fighting with the knife often proved fatal." The gauchos spurs could be fantastically flamboyant, such as these, and the best example of their status and position
A Pair Of Very Good 19th Century, King George IIIrd Period Leg Manacles An intriguing piece from the days of manacled restraint and torture. In iron, with screw bolt locks and link chain. Used for the restraint of prisoners in dungeons, goals, such as Newgate Prison, or on prison galleys for deportation.
A Pair of Very Nice Meteoric Steel Indonesian Kris Daggers A pair of old keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A good and scarce example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. 9 inches long overall
A Pair of Victorian Coaching Prints in Rosewood Veneer Frames With super old labels of Arthur Ackerman Gallery of Fine Arts, 191 Regent St. London, W. A charming pair of original Victorian coloured prints in delightful frames. 6.75 inches x 8.75 inches
A Pair Of WW2 British Army Captain's Bullion Dress Eppaulettes With two sets of three pips on a rope twisted bullion mount. In very good condition for age. Photo of [HRH Prince] Capt. Harry Wales [God bless him] adorned with current bullion captain's eppaulettes.
A Pair of WW2 Gas Shield Eye Protectors 'Rommel' Type Made of an early form of clear celluloid. Used to great effect by the Desert Rats in North Africa for sand protection. In fact Rommel used the very same protectors for that purpose, as one can see from the photos of Rommel, taken in Africa in 1943. Presumably he used captured British kit. Eye protectors Dated November 1942
A Percussion Ring Trigger, Self Cocking Pepperbox Revolver, Circa 1840. A J. R.Cooper's Patent Revolver with good ring pull trigger action. A scarce pistol and this is a nice example of it's kind. A Coopers patent 6 barreled, pepperbox revolver c1840 with walnut bag shaped butt and foliate engraving, signed J. R. Coopers Patent.
A Persian Percussion Horse Pistol [Tapance] from the Qajar Period From the mid 19th century, a Persian pistol with likely a high carbon steel octagonal barrel with traces of 8 groove rifling. Fully engraved, probably Persian lock, with matching florid scroll engraving to the barrel breech tang and fore end. Chequered stock with steel butt cap and lanyard ring. Half stocked with rammer lacking. Plain steel trigger guard. Persian pistols are very scarcely seen, even within Iran, and more often than not with imported locks, usually British, this example though has more likely a Persian lock [based on a British import] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Piece Of Zeppelin L32 Shot Down 24.9. 1916 In Ring Form 5.2 cm Across Made into the form of a gigantic finger ring. Beautifully constructed. Group Captain Frederick Sowrey, DSO, MC, AFC (25 July 1893 - 21 October 1968) began his career as a World War I flying ace credited with thirteen aerial victories. He was most noted for his first victory, when he shot down Zeppelin L32 during its bombing raid on England. Having risen rapidly in rank during the war, he remained in service until 1940. Piece of the framework of German naval airship L32. This airship was shot down by 2nd Lieutenant Frederick Sowrey of 39 Squadron RFC on the night of 23/24 September 1916. It crashed near Billericay in Essex resulting in the death of all 21 crew members. The airship was under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Werner Peterson. Sowrey was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for his action.
A Polish Karabela Sword With Royal Crest of Kingdom of Poland & Lithuania Dated 1861. An inscribed presentation, beautiful Polish karabela, with a cast brass open hilt with the pommel modelled after an eagle's head, with a scalloped grip and shell formed quillon. Sweeping curved blade with typical curvature triple fullers and false back edge. Etched at the fort with the Polish royal crest of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, date 1861 and Polish motto. The blade is engraved with a presentation inscripton as given by Jerzy Hoffman, the director of "With Fire and Sword" [ Ogniem I Mieczem], the most expensive Polish film ever made as of that time. A delightful piece that has twin interest, firstly as a Polish sword of the pre war era, and as a historical presentation piece with a direct connection to a significant historical film regarding combat by sword within it's story. Perhaps one of the most famous types of a Polish sabre was the classical karabela, which entered service around 1670. Most likely the name was coined after the Turkish terms Kara (dark) and bela (curse). The type of the sabre was modelled after the swords of the Turkish footmen formations of Janissaries and Spahis, which used it in close quarters. Much lighter than the hussar szabla, the karabela had an open hilt with the pommel modelled after eagle's head. Such an anatomic grip allowed for easier handling of circular cuts while fighting on foot and for swinging cuts from horseback. Initially the karabela sabres were used mostly for decoration or as a ceremonial weapon worn on special occasions. Popularized during the reign of King Jan III Sobieski, the sabre became one of the most popular Polish cold steel weapons. Though in theory the type could be subdivided into an ornamented ceremonial type and a simple battle weapon, in reality both were more expensive, and the cheaper designs were often used in combat. Most of the szlachta could afford only one expensive karabela and, in case of a dire need, simply replaced the ebony or ivory scabbard with a leather version and removed some of the precious stones from the hilt in order to convert it into a reliable weapon. Ogniem I Mieczem Directed by Jerzy Hoffman Based on With Fire and Sword by Henryk Sienkiewicz Starring Izabella Scorupco Micha? ?ebrowski Aleksandr Domogarov With Fire and Sword (Polish: Ogniem I Mieczem;] is a 1999 Polish historical drama film directed by Jerzy Hoffman. The film is based on the novel With Fire and Sword, the first part in The Trilogy of Henryk Sienkiewicz. At the time of its filming it was the most expensive Polish film ever made
A Presentation Light Infantry Officer's Sword of a WW1 War Hero Of Captain Edward Allen Roe. MC & bar. Presented to Lieutenant Roe from the Sergeant's Mess 4th V.B. Queens West Surrey Regt. with their Respect and Esteem. Connected to a rare RNB sword , but sold seperately. He served with the East Surrey Regiment. attd. 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), and was Killed in action on the 2 September 1918. Age 23. He was the son of Frederick Edward and Lucy Isabel Roe, of "The Ridgeway," 58, Canterbury Grove, West Norwood, London. Buried at RENINGHELST NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, Poperinge, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium Grave Ref. V. B. 3. Lt Col. Freyberg was a VC winner and another great hero of the regiment, and with his concurrent service with the Royal Naval Brigade, and the connection between these two regimental and naval swords is most intriguing. Freyberg was one of the most highly decorated officers of WW1. Gaining the VC, The DSO and two bars, five Mid's and the Croix De Guerre. When he was transferred to the Western front he was attached with the Royal West Surreys but still as an officer of the RNB Hood Division. In late 1914 Freyberg met Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, and persuaded him to grant him a Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve commission in the Hood Battalion of the newly-constituted Royal Naval Division. In 1915 Freyberg became involved in the Dardanelles campaign. During the initial landings by Allied troops following the unsuccessful naval attempt to force the straits by sea, Freyberg was appointed as the Gallipoli Landings diversion Single handedly he swam ashore in the Gulf of Saros. Once ashore, he began lighting flares so as to distract the defending Turkish forces from the real landings taking place at Gallipoli. Despite coming under heavy Turkish fire, he returned safely from this outing, and for his action he received the Distinguished Service Order. He received serious wounds on several occasions and left the peninsula when his division evacuated in January 1916. In May 1916 Freyberg was transferred to the British Army as a captain in the Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment. However, he remained with the Hood Battalion as a seconded temporary major and went with them to France. During the final stages of the Battle of the Somme, when commanding a battalion as a temporary lieutenant-colonel, he so distinguished himself in the capture of Beaucourt village that he was awarded the Victoria Cross. On 13 November 1916 at Beaucourt-sur-Ancre, France, after Freyberg's battalion had carried the initial attack through the enemy's front system of trenches, he rallied and re-formed his own much disorganised men and some others, and led them on a successful assault of the second objective, during which he suffered two wounds, but remained in command and held his ground throughout the day and the following night. When re-inforced the next morning he attacked and captured a strongly fortified village, taking 500 prisoners. Though wounded twice more, the second time severely, Freyberg refused to leave the line until he had issued final instructions. The regiments Battle Honours for the Great War are as follows; The Great War (25 battalions): Mons, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914 '18, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 '17 '18, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917, Bullecourt, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Avre, Villers Bretonneux, Lys, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Soissonais Ourcq, Amiens, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, St. Quentin Canal, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Piave, Vittorio Veneto, Italy 1917-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Rumani, Egypt 1915-16, Gaza, El Mughar, Jerusalem, Jericho, Tell 'Asur, Palestine 1917-18, Khan Baghdadi, Mesopotamia 1915-18, N W Frontier India 1916-17. This sword has overall service use salt and pepper pitting, and service combat dents to the bottom of the scabbard.
A Presentation Regimental "Claymore" Basket Hilted Sword of WW1 Hero Presented upon his being gazetted in 1916, to a killed in action Hero, S/Lt Maurice Hillier [formerly of Peking, China] late of the 6th Battalion The King's Own Scottish Borderers, 9th Division, and named to him on the blade, along with his regiment. In it's combat field service scabbard of leather trimmed with steel. Traditional full plain steel basket hilt with red deerskin liner and silk tasselling, double edged broadsword blade. Sword made by Wilkinson with their makers mark and serial number. The blade has some old pitting to the top section. He was killed on day one of the second battle of Arras in the Allied spring offensive of 1917. The 6th King's Own Scottish Borderers attacked from their lines at Arras on the 9th of April, 1917. Their positions for the start of the battle were actually beyond the British front line – they were within the craters in No Man’s Land named Claude and Clarence. The men of the 6th KOSB were so far forward in the craters that they suffered some casualties from their own artillery shells falling short of the German front lines ahead of Zero Hour. At 5.30 a.m. the 6th KOSB attacked from the craters, and in half an hour reached their objective, a German trench named Obermayer, having crossed at least four other German trenches to reach this. Here they stopped in a sunken road, allowing the 11th Royal Scots to pass through and continue the advance. Men from the 6th KOSB did help out the 16th Royal Scots to their left, firing on a German machine gun position which was holding that battalion up. Men from both battalions are buried in the cemetery near where they started their attack at Bailleul Road West Cemetery . Later in the day, they followed on the advance, eventually reaching a strong point known as Point du Jour. Second Lieutenant Hillier was killed on the 9th of April in that offensive aged 19. He was survived by his parents Mr and Mrs E.Guy Hillier of Peking, China. Mr. E.Guy Hillier was a most prominent gentleman in Chinese affairs as a senior representative of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, and a significant figure in the Boxer Rebellion.
A Presentation Wilkinson Letter Opener, US Marine Corps Officer's Sword In original Wilkinson presentation box. A beautifully made miniature sword, manufactured to the same exacting standards as the regular officer's sword, made by what was once the most famous sword maker in the world. Gilded hilt and fully etched blade. Circa 1970's. Case with gilded makers label, 11.25 inches x 3.5 inches x 1.75 inches. Sword 8 inches
A Prussian 100 Year Medal of Kaiser Willhelm 1779-1879 In gilt bronze with original silk ribbon. In near mint condition. A large, beautiful and impressive Imperial German medal in remarkable condition. The best example we have ever seen.
A Queen Elizabeth Ist Period Morion Helmet, in Black and White Armour. The morion helmet is one of the great iconic designs of German helmet, made in the German states, and used by the Conquistadors of Spain, that conquered the South American nations, and the early English settlers of America in the mid 16th century. They were used by the bodyguards of the rulers of the German states, such as the Elector of Hanover, and the Spanish armies that attempted the invasion of Britain, in the great Spanish Armada, that was beaten by Elizabeth's Grand Admiral, Sir Francis Drake. In fact the British and many nations used them from the 1500's and into the English Civil War.
A Queen's Silver Jubilee Hallmarked Scottish Silver Skean Dubh With traditional silver fittings, with Jubilee Queen's head stamp. Typical black hilt with a Celtic interlaced woven pattern. Silver, lion sejant pommel
A Queen's South Africa Medal to South African Constabulary Cavalryman. A rare medal of the Boer War with three bars. Issued to 3rd Class Trooper R.G,Phillips.. 12 squadrons of the SAC were raised in Canada by General Baden-Powell. Many Canadians stayed on to live there after the war's end. One photo in the gallery of a group of SAC probably outside the HQ at Koffiefontein
A Queen's South Africa [Boer War] Group of Five Medals, Royal Navy A superb set of five medals to a shipwright who served in the Royal Navy in the Boer War and in WW1 and awarded the Long Service Good Conduct Medal in the reign of King George Vth. During his service he served aboard HMS Niobe [later HMCS Niobe] and on HMS Berwick HMS Niobe was built by Vickers Limited, Barrow-in-Furness and launched on 20 February 1897, entering service in 1898. She was part of the Channel Squadron at the outbreak of the Boer War (1899–1900), and was sent to Gibraltar to escort troop transports ferrying reinforcements to the Cape. On 4 December 1899, Niobe and HMS Doris rescued troops from the SS Ismore, which had run aground. She saw further action in the Boer War and the Queen's South Africa Medal was subsequently awarded to the crew. She returned to the English Channel, but later escorted vessels as far as Colombo in Ceylon. In March 1901 she was one of two cruisers to escort HMS Ophir, commissioned as royal yacht for the world tour of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George and Queen Mary), from Spithead to Gibraltar. She and HMS Rainbow were given to the Dominion of Canada to seed the new Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). She was transferred to the RCN on 6 September 1910, commissioning at Devonport Dockyard and reaching Halifax on 21 October that year. As the first large ship in the Royal Canadian Navy, Niobe's name has considerable symbolic importance in the Canadian navy, being used among other things as the title of a series of scholarly papers. Models and collections of artefacts of Niobe can be found at several Canadian museums including the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Maritime Command Museum in Halifax. The latter devotes a room to Niobe which includes her original ship's bell. HMS Berwick was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 20 September 1902. In 1908, she collided with the destroyer Tiger when the destroyer crossed Berwick's bows during an exercise in the English Channel, south of the Isle of Wight. Tiger was sliced in two and sank with the loss of 28 lives. She served in the First World War with most of her sisters, and survived to be sold for scrap on 1 July 1920
A Rare & Super 17th -18th Century Tibetan Matchlock Musket From the a small ancient arms collection and from the same source as a fine 17th century Tibetan sword we have just been delighted to acquire. Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This is a good example of a nicely decorated, well-made and attractive, Tibetan matchlock, with distinct Indian influences, in near complete condition. Its fittings consist of a small engraved Tibetan silver cap at the tip of the fore stock and an iron lock plate on both sides of the stock decoratively decorated with geometric zig zag pattern. The breech has a slot for the upper arm of the serpentine (see detail). The Damascus twist iron octagonal barrel, of typical high quality North Indian construction flares at the muzzle and has a line sight and a peep sight. The twist pattern of the barrel forging is also faintly visible. The barrel is attached by a muzzle capuchin to the stock, and by five flattened brass bands and seven thinner rounded iron and brass bands (the former most likely being restorations). The stock had areas of applied brass plates and roundels of typically Tibetan form and decoratively engraved. The two piece butt has two applied brass bandings, likely as strengthening pieces. The offside breech has a sling swivel mount for when on horseback. The action is fully functioning well, and the pan has a sliding foul weather cover. The ramrod is missing. It would have originally had two extending and folding prongs at the forend for resting on the ground to fire on foot, but mostly this gun would have been used on horseback. Firearms were probably introduced into Tibet gradually during the sixteenth century from several sources, including China, India, and West Asia, as part of the general spread of the use of firearms throughout Asia. The traditional Tibetan gun is a matchlock musket, which appears to have changed little if at all in its construction and technology from the time of its introduction until the early twentieth century. The decoration found on Tibetan matchlock guns varies, but even the most utilitarian examples generally have some degree of ornament. It is not uncommon to find stocks with applied plaques of pierced or embossed silver, copper, or iron, which range from being relatively simple to fairly elaborate. More rarely, some stocks were painted or inlaid with bone. The match-cord pouches and pan covers often have appliqués of colored leather or textile and decorative rivets or bosses. The barrels are usually plain except perhaps for some fluting at the muzzle, ring moldings toward the breech, or simple engraved designs. There are, however, some notable exceptions of barrels decorated with damascening or made of Damascus steel such as this one. This gun has the combination of Indian decorative features and the styling in the stock form of Tibetan. Likely made in an area straddling both domains. The Tibetan warrior we show in a photograph wears his matchlock across his back although you can only see it's two folded prongs that stick up from the muzzle [lacking on this gun] In Europe, the matchlock was primarily an infantry weapon, but in Tibet and Central Asia it was also used on horseback in the same way as the bow. As essential military training, and as part of various ceremonies and festivals, riders would shoot at targets while riding past them at a gallop. From the seventeenth century onward, fairly realistic depictions of matchlocks are also sometimes included in paintings of offerings to the guardian deities.
A Rare 10th Royal Hussars Victorian Senior NCO Hallmarked Silver Rank Badge And a pair of collar badges. Worn on the uniform sleeve of the regiment's senior NCO as his badge of rank. A fine example, by an English silversmith WTM, who is an unknown maker to us, as unfortunately no records of his name survives. A large silver badge of Prince of Wales' plumes, hollow construction, with flat backplate. Three mounting loops to reverse. Slight polishing to highpoints of plumes, generally excellent to very fine condition. The rank badge is over 1 oz in weight, Victorian London silver hallmarked, and 2.2 inches high. The collar badges are not hallmarked silver, maker marked for London and 1.25 inches high each, with gold 'applied' crowns, with two mounting lugs apiece The 10th or Prince of Wales’s Own Light Dragoons took the title of “Hussars’ in 1811. From 1860 until 1873 it was commanded by the famous Lt.Col. Valentine Baker, a brave and talented cavalryman, later Lieutenant General and Pasha. During his 13 year command, the regiment was known as “Bakers Light Bobs”. 10th (The Prince of Wales's Own) Royal Hussars. The senior NCO that wore this rank badge and collar badges would have likely seen action in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, at the Battle of Ali Masjid in 1878, and in the Sudan, Battle of El Teb, and Egypt in 1884. With the outbreak of the Second Boer War, the regiment sailed for South Africa in 1899. After fighting at Colesberg, the regiment participated in the relief of Kimberley in February 1900, the Battle of Paardeberg immediately afterwards, and then two years of fighting in the Transvaal. The nco and his regiment also saw action on the North-West Frontier in 1908.
A Rare 1840 Constabulary Carbine Bayonet with Deep Defensive Sword Cut With spring recess in the blade [no spring]. The most amazing feature of this bayonet is that it has parried a sword thrust, which has deeply cut into the blade elbow. A fabulous battle scar that undoubtedly saved the mans life. The socket is numbered 60. Ordnance stamped blade
A Rare 1928 Graf Zeppelin Porcelain Wall Plaque Depicting the LZ127 Graf Zeppelin. By Heinrich and Co. Inscribed on the reverse Forrngebung Fachoberiehrer, W-Veit Decoration Facheihrer Otto Keitel, Entwurf begutachtet una genehmigt von der Luftshiffbau Zeppelin Gmbh Friedrichshafen 1928, Ges Geschutzt -- 9.75in. (25cm.) diameter The LZ-127, Graf Zeppelin, was arguably the most important zeppelin ever, the airship that put post WW I German aviation back on the map. Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin inaugurated German lighter-than-air aviation at the turn of the 20th Century. His zeppelins caught the German public’s imagination, and they became extremely popular. During WW I, his zeppelins flew for both the Army and Navy. Once more, the zeppelins caught the German people’s imagination. Even civilians and military officers who were bombing targets, both on the continent and in England, were impressed by the giant machines. Graf von Zeppelin died in 1917, and his company, which passed to Hugo Eckner’s management, faced difficult times in post WW I Germany. As a part of Germany’s war reparations, the Zeppelin Company built and delivered the LZ-126 (eventually renamed the U.S.S. Los Angeles) to the U.S. Navy in 1924. Eckner personally commanded the LZ-126 on the flight to the U.S. The engendered excitement allowed the company to build the LZ-127, eventually known as the "Graf Zeppelin." It was placed in service in 1928. The Graf Zeppelin remained in service from September 1928 until a month after the Hindenburg exploded in New Jersey in May 1937. During this time, the "Graf Zeppelin" flew almost six hundred flights and covered more than one million miles. With the destruction of the "Hindenburg," the zeppelin era sadly came to an end. During her nine years of flight, the LZ-127 circled the globe, flying from Europe to the USA and on to Asia. She even had numerous voyages to South America. It was travel on a grand scale for less-than-thirty lucky people at a time. A crew of about twenty-four served the passengers. Trips from Germany to the U.S. were much faster than any other vessel of the time. Life aboard the "Graf Zeppelin" was very gracious.
A Rare 1942 Patent, American, George Keeling Impact Grenade of WW2 Modeled on the size and shape of the US baseball, an impact grenade meant to be cheap to manufacture and easily thrown. This grenade is so similar to the ultimate design and purpose of the 1943 OSS T13 Beano that it is really very likely that it was the direct inspiration of the OSS BEANO T-13 hand grenade, which was an experimental hand grenade developed by the Office of Strategic Services (which later became the CIA) in the latter years of World War II. The concept for the BEANO hand grenade was that a spherical grenade the size and weight of a common baseball would be effective in the hands of American troops. The designers believed that by emulating a baseball that any American young man should be able to properly throw the grenade with both accuracy and distance. The final design for the T-13 hand grenade utilized a pressure trigger as well as an in-flight arming device. The grenade was designed to be thrown as a traditional baseball, and as such it was held with two fingers on a weighted and knurled "butterfly cap" and the arming pin was removed. Once thrown, the cap detached from the body of the grenade and a length of nylon string unwound until a secondary arming pin attached to the far end of the cord was pulled, arming the grenade to detonate upon impact with a hard surface. While the original design called for a 5.5 oz total weight, it was later decided that this was too light and the weight was increased to 12 oz. Inert and safe but not suitable to export . For sale to over 18's only.
A Rare 6 Shot US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. Beautifully engraved with scrolling and rococo curls. Very fine original grips, good blued cylinder and barrel. Good action. Moore's address to the barrel. The Moore Caliber .32 Teat-fire, which used a unique cartridge to get around the Rollin White patent owned by Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson, proved very popular during the Civil War, with both soldiers and civilians. The "Teat-fire" cartridges did not have a rim at the back like conventional cartridges, but were rounded at the rear, with a small "teat" that would protrude through a tiny opening in the rear of the cylinder. The priming mixture was contained in the "teat" and when the hammer struck it, the cartridge would fire. Thus, it was akin to a rimfire cartridge, but instead of having priming all the way around the edge of the rim, it is centrally located in the teat. Moore's Calibre .32 Teat-fire Pocket Revolver proved very popular during the American Civil War, with both soldiers and civilians. National Arms produced the revolvers from 1864, when it was acquired by Colt's Manufacturing Company As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare And Interesting Imperial German Postal Official's Sword & Portopee. With imperial German eagle motif on the shell guard, wire boung grip. Brass mounted leather scabbard. Upon the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the break-up of the German Confederation in the Peace of Prague, the North German Confederation was established, instigated by the Prussian minister-president Otto von Bismarck. Originally a military alliance, it evolved to a federation with the issuing of a constitution with effect from 1 July 1867. In the course of the war, Prussian troops had occupied the Free City of Frankfurt and the Kaiser had purchased the remnants of the Thurn-und-Taxis Post organisation. According to article 48, the federal area of the Northern German states, de facto an enlarged Prussia, came under the united postal authority, led by director Heinrich von Stephan. With the German unification upon the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, the Deutsche Reichspost was established as a state monopoly and became the official national postal authority of the German Empire including the annexed province of Alsace-Lorraine. Its official name was Kaiserliche Post und Telegraphenverwaltung. The Southern German federated states of Baden (until 1872), Württemberg (until 1902) and Bavaria initially maintained separate state post authorities, that nevertheless were integrated into the nation-wide administration. On 1 January 1876 a Reichspostamt under Postmaster General von Stephan was split off Bismarck's Reich Chancellery as a government agency in its own right. In World War I, a Reichsabgabe tax was levied on the postal traffic from 1 August 1916 in order to finance the war expenses. The main photograph is a tad unkempt as it's size is difficult to photograph.
A Rare Central Indian 18th C.Battle Axe, Used in Chinese Boxer Rebellion Brought Back From the Boxer Rebellion and used in the Ching Dynasty, but likely imported from central India in the middle of the 18th century. A very rare Central Indian battle axe, that somehow has ended it's working life used by a Boxer, in the rebellion. Part of a small colonial collection of antique arms that have just arrived. A super fighting axe that can be used in conjunction with the Chinese Dao fighting sword.The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement was a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement called the "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" in China, but known as the "Boxers" in English. The main 'Boxer' era occured between 1898 and 1901. This fascinating era was fairly well described in the Hollywood movie classic ' 55 Days in Peking' Starring Charlton Heston and David Niven. The film gives a little background of Ching Dynasty's humiliating military defeats suffered during the Opium Wars, Sino-French War and Sino-Japanese war or the effect of the Taiping Rebellion in weakening the Ching [Qing] Dynasty.Pictures in the gallery of a watercolour of the Boxers [1900] and the combat in the siege. A photo in the gallery shows a contemporary group of Boxers in Peking during the seige of the legations. For information only not included
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing, a 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Ceramic 'Pull' Toggle for a German WW2 Stick Grenade If you can't get a stick grenade, or, as is more usual, you have a grenade and the toggle is missing [they often are] this is an absolute 'must have' for only £8. Recovered from Norway. The last photo shows a complete grenade stripped down [for illustration purposes only]
A Rare Extra Large Size 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officer's Sword By Prosser Maker to the King and the Duke of York. Blade made by Runkel of Solingen. A very good example of these most desirable of George IIIrd swords used by an officer in the heavy cavalry in full dress. However, this rare example has a 'boat shell' hilt around 50% bigger than usual and is most impressive. The 'Boat Shell hilt' in very good order, with it's original multi wire bound grip, fully engraved blade with the royal cypher of King George, and maker marked, copper gilt mounted leather scabbard. This is the pattern of sabre as was used by officer's of the Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords maker Prosser of Charing Cross London was one of the best and most famous swordmakers of the Georgian era, and examples of his swords are in the Royal Collection, The Tower of London Collection, The National Maritime Museum, The British Army Museum, and most of the finest British sword collections in the world. Runkel, blade maker, was as equally famous a gentleman in the 18th century for the supplying of finest sword blades for British Officers. He was most interestingly, however, also infamous for being imprisoned in Newgate Prison, at least once, for evading import duty and other 'dubious' practices, probably bribery. This sword is in very good but used condition, with most of it's original finest gilt remaining to the copper hilt.
A Rare Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857 A Scarce Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857. The Royal mounted personal bodyguard of Her Majesty Quenn Victoria. Gilt hilt of boatshell form with flat left side with distinctive elevated pommel button, original copper silvered wire bound grip, in very nice order. There are two identical swords of this kind in York Castle museum, once worn by Sir William Fraser, 1st Life Guards, also a small number at Windsor Castle Royal Collection, and two in the National Army museum, one being formerly worn by General Lord Hill of the Life Guards. The hilt of this sword is in very nice condition for age with some good original gilt remaining, the blade is good in the most part but bears some old corrosion at the bottom half up to the three quarter level. The scabbard gilt mounts are present but the leather has old rudimentary repairs. This is rare sword of it's form, and it is very inexpensive due to it's scabbard condition etc. However the leather could be repaired. A picture in the gallery of the very period of Life Guards officer who would have worn this sword.
A Rare German Occupation Of Czechoslovakia, Sudetanland K98 Bayonet Pre war German made bayonet by J.Sch dated 1937, with Czech made bayonet frog with D.Berkovice maker mark by F.Franek and pre war Czech lion stamp. Wooden grip steel mounts and scabbard. The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's northern and western border regions, known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's pretext for this effort was the alleged privations suffered by the ethnic German population living in those regions. New and extensive Czechoslovak border fortifications were also located in the same area. Following the Anschluss of Nazi Germany and Austria, in March 1938, the conquest of Czechoslovakia became Hitler's next ambition. The incorporation of the Sudetenland into Nazi Germany left the rest of Czechoslovakia weak and it became powerless to resist subsequent occupation. On 16 March 1939, the German Wehrmacht moved into the remainder of Czechoslovakia and, from Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Beneš—the leader of the Czechoslovak government-in-exile — together with František Moravec — head of Czechoslovak military intelligence—organized and coordinated a resistance network. Hácha, Prime Minister Alois Eliáš, and the Czech resistance acknowledged Beneš's leadership. Active collaboration between London and the Czechoslovak home front was maintained throughout the war years. The most important event of the resistance was the Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, SS leader Heinrich Himmler's deputy and the then Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. Infuriated, Hitler ordered the arrest and execution of 10,000 randomly selected Czechs, but, after consultations, he reduced his response. Over 10,000 were arrested, and at least 1,300 executed. The assassination resulted in one of the most well-known reprisals of the war. The villages of Lidice and Ležáky were completely destroyed by the Nazis; all men over 16 years of age from the village were murdered and the rest of the population was sent to Nazi concentration camps where many women and nearly all the children were killed. The occupation ended with the surrender of Germany following World War II
A Rare Imperial German Postal Sword Nickel plated hilt, wire grip, plain single shell guard, single edged etched blade. This is a very scarce sword, we have only previously had the Prussian type [with Prussian Eagle Guard] see page 399 John R Angolia 'Swords of Germany 1900/1945'. This has the plain guard for a different Imperial State's service.No scabbard.
A Rare Imperial Russian and Bavarian, Uhlan and Hussars Regimental Sword Named to the elite Kaiser Nicholas II Von Russland Regiment. A rare sword, and from a very desireable Uhlan Hussar regiment of Czar Nicholas II of Russia, in the King of Bavaria's Cavalry. The blade is fully etched with the Czars name and the hilt bears the Royal crest of the Kingdom of Bavaria. The blade does have some plating loss so it's condition is only average, but this is a very rare sword, with superb collectable interest of both the Imperial Russian, and, the Imperial German period just before the Great War and the Russian Revolution. A sword, made around 1900, that crosses numerous historical territories within the greatest period of upheavel in both those Empire's history. Naturally it also has considerble interest to British collectors as both Czar Nicholas and Kaiser Willhelm were cousin's of King George Vth, and the Czar was Britain's ally against Germany. Lacking scabbard.The background of the etching is blackened and now flaking, it makes the section very difficult to photograph. Some restoration or polishing may bring good results in returning the inscription to it's original state. In better order we would estimate it's value to us would be closer to £3000.
A Rare Iron Medievil Hand Cannon Circa 1500 A most impressive yet fairly small peice of original, early ordnance. Made around the time of the Siege of Rhodes by Suleiman the Magnificent against the Knights of St John. It is thought that gunpowder was invented in China and found its way to Europe in the 13th Century. In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in common use. By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops.Hand cannon' date of origin ranges around 1350. Hand cannon were inexpensive to manufacture, but not accurate to fire. Nevertheless, they were employed for their shock value. In 1492 Columbus carried one on his discovery exploration to the Americas. Conquistadors Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizzaro also used them, in 1519 and 1533, during their respective conquests and colonization of Mexico and Peru. Not primary arms of war, hand cannon were adequate tools of protection for fighting men. 4.5 inches x 4.5 inches x11,5 inches weight approx 20 Kilos
A Rare James Rodgers of Sheffield Knife-Pistol Circa 1838 Nickle barrel with a single bead sight, marked with a pair of Birmingham proofs on the upper left flat, and fitted with a central nipple and straight spur hammer. Equipped with a pair of folding blades, 3.25" and 1" in length, with "JAMES/ RODGERS/ SHEFFIELD" on both ricasso, mounted on either side of the folding trigger. Horn grips, with a storage compartment in the butt, flanked by a bullet scissor mould and tweezers held in the grips. The action main spring is at fault. A rare and most collectable gadget gun that is very inexpensively priced bearing in mind the condition. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare Japanese Edo Period Samurai Battle Bow [daikyu] With Quiver A wonderful original antique Samurai bow [daikyu] [71 inches long, Yonsun-nobi], Edo Era, with arrows in a lacquered woven rattan arrow covered quiver [yabira yazutsu] with two arrows [ya]. Edo period [1599 -1863] The lidded quiver is decorated with a spiral and geometric pattern. These Bow and Quiver sets are very rarely to be seen and we consider ourselves very fortunate, indeed priveledged, to offer one. It was from the use of the war bow or longbow in particular that Chinese historians called the Japanese 'the people of the longbow'. As early as the 4th century archery contests were being held in Japan. In the Heian period (between the 8th and 12th centuries) archery competitions on horseback were very popular and during this time training in archery was developed. Archers had to loose their arrows against static and mobile targets both on foot and on horseback. The static targets were the large kind or o-mato and was set at thirty-three bow lengths and measured about 180cm in diameter; the deer target or kusajishi consisted of a deer's silhouette and was covered in deer skin and marks indicated vital areas on the body; and finally there was the round target or marumono which was essentially a round board, stuffed and enveloped in strong animal skin. To make things more interesting for the archer these targets would be hung from poles and set in motion so that they would provide much harder targets to hit. Throughout feudal Japan indoor and outdoor archery ranges could be found in the houses of every major samurai clan. Bow and arrow and straw targets were common sights as were the beautiful cases which held the arrows and the likewise ornate stands which contained the bow. These items were prominent features in the houses of samurai. The typical longbow, or war bow (daikyu), was made from deciduous wood faced with bamboo and was reinforced with a binding of rattan to further strengthen the composite weapon together. To waterproof it the shaft was lacquered, and was bent in the shape of a double curve. The bowstring was made from a fibrous substance originating from plants (usually hemp or ramie) and was coated with wax to give a hard smooth surface and in some cases it was necessary for two people to string the bow. Bowstrings were often made by skilled specialists and came in varying qualities from hard strings to the soft and elastic bowstrings used for hunting; silk was also available but this was only used for ceremonial bows. Other types of bows existed. There was the short bow, one used for battle called the hankyu, one used for amusement called the yokyu, and one used for hunting called the suzume-yumi. There was also the maru-ki or roundwood bow, the shige-no-yumi or bow wound round with rattan, and the hoko-yumi or the Tartar-shaped bow. Every Samurai was expected to be an expert in the skill of archery, and it presented the various elements, essence and the representation of the Samurai's numerous skills, for hunting and combat all inextricably linked together. The Bow is 71 inches long.
A Rare Namibian Ovambo [War Axe] 19th century.Good condition nice carving with iron axe blade.
A Rare Original Easter Rising Period, Zeppelin Raid WW1 Newsagent's Poster Headlines from the days edition of the Morning News Tuesday, April 25th 1916, reporting the news from the day before. On that Monday, the 24th Rebels failed to take Dublin Castle The rebels turn out in reduced numbers in Dublin and begin operations at noon, seizing the General Post Office, Boland's Mill, the South Dublin Union, Jacob's factory and other buildings. The rebels fail to capture the largely undefended centre of the administration at Dublin Castle but occupy the adjacent City Hall instead. Patrick Pearse reads the Proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the GPO. Transport and distribution services break down throughout the city. Large scale looting begins in the O'Connell St area. During the night, government troops quietly occupy the Shelbourne Hotel, occupying a commanding position overlooking the Citizen Army positions in St Stephen's Green. There are German Zeppelin raids on the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk and an aeroplane attack on Dover. The poster headlines the Zeppelin Raid, The heavy fighting in Egypt and the German defeat in South West Africa. Sold unframed. 25inches x 19 inches unframed
A Rare Pair of Antique Ottoman Empire Iron Stirrups A pair of antique 17th to 18th century Turkish Ottoman Empire russet iron stirrups of characteristic form, with broad arch treads. All steel construction in the early style that goes back to the mediaeval period. One picture in the gallery shows Fatih Sultan Mehmet II [using his identical stirrups] entering Constantinople, after his conquest, in 1453
A Rare Pair of WW2 Royal Australian Airforce Pilot's Wings in Cloth Very scarce and highly collectable pair of pilots wings in jolly nice order just a little faded. When war against Germany was declared approximately 450 Australian pilots were serving with the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the United Kingdom (UK). Personnel from No 10 Squadron were also en route to the UK to take delivery of nine Short Sunderland flying boats. They remained in Britain for the duration of the War operating with RAF Coastal Command, earning an outstanding reputation. Representatives of Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand reached agreement at Ottawa, Canada, on 27 November 1939 to participate in the Empire Air Training Scheme (EATS). This scheme was to train aircrew for service with the Royal Air Force. Basic training was completed in Australia before undertaking advanced training in Canada (674 personnel also received training in Rhodesia) before service with the RAF. The first 34 Australians graduated from RAAF Service Flying Training Schools on 18 November 1940, with a further 37,000 aircrew eventually trained in Australia. To meet this commitment, the RAAF established 2 Air Navigation Schools, 3 Air Observers Schools, 3 Bombing and Gunnery Schools, 12 Elementary Flying Training Schools, 6 Initial Flying Training Schools and 8 Service Flying Training Schools. In addition, 7 Schools of Technical Training and other specialised technical schools were established to train ground crews in the maintenance of aircraft and equipment. The duration of World War II saw 15,746 RAAF pilots, navigators, wireless operators, gunners and engineers sent to British squadrons and 11,641 to Australian squadrons. These men exemplified themselves in every major campaign front from the Battle of France, Battle of Britain, Normandy invasion, Egypt, the Middle East, Germany, Battle of the Atlantic, the defence of Malta, liberation of Italy, the Battles of the Coral and Bismarck Seas, Defence of Australia, to fighting in India, Burma, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Pacific. When the armistice with Japan was signed on 15 August 1945, the RAAF in the Pacific had a total strength of 131,662 personnel and 3,187 front line aircraft. First Tactical Air Force, the major operational formation, had grown to 18,894 men in April 1945 and operated 20 operational squadrons. In addition to its execution of numerous air operations, the RAAF had also pioneered the development and operation of radar and operated its own shipping in the South West Pacific Area. The RAAF legacy of the Second World War is a proud one, with it now the world's 4th largest Air Force.
A Rare Prussian-British Experimental Sword of 1850. The Royal Engineers Driver's Sword Model 1850. This sword was a Prussian experimental cavalry sword that was once issued for testing to a limited number of Prussian Hussar regiments in 1850. It was in fact not actually approved by the Prussians, but it's form was continued and developed until it's successor sword eventually evolved to become the Prussian Model 1852 Cavalry Hussar Sabre. Those experimental swords were withdrawn by Prussia and they were placed in storage in Liege for disposal. There was an article published in the "Deutsches Waffen Journal" about a sword that is a pair to this sword. On that sword, on the guard, was the regimental marking of the 4th squadron, Prussian Garde-Husaren regiment and on the spine of blade a crowned FW 50 and german D mark. This confirms it was the Prussian Hussar experimental issue of 1850. On the ricasso was an S&K marking with Crowned L 8 and two British Ordnance broad arrows to show that sword was also re issued to the British army. So, these very rarely seen swords are recorded as the Royal Engineers 1850 Driver's pattern swords, but they were originally the Prussian experimental Hussar swords, that after disapproval were then removed to Liege and later sold to the British Ordnance through the Liege armourers. Our example is very worn indeed, in fact none of it's original markings are still visible at all unfortunately. However, it is a most rare and fascinating piece, that until our extensive research [lasting many days], we believed to be a simple, and un-interesting Prussian sabre of unknown parentage.To collectors of British and Prussian swords this would make a most fascinating addition, especially, that if particularly searched for, it may take many years to find another. All over russetted, no scabbard, damaged grip.
A Rare US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. A rare Moore's patent .32 cal. Teat Fire revolver. Finely engraved silver plated frame, birds head butt. Good action. Fine over lacquered grips. The Teat Fire system, patented by Moore, was a most unusual front loading cartridge action, and his .45 calibre version, of the same action gun, is one of the rarest and most collectable guns of that era. Designed and made in 1864, during the Civil War, this is a very fine pocket sized revolver that saw much good service as a back-up or defensive arm for officers, and was very popular with riverboat and saloon gamblers, such as Doc Holliday and George Devol. There is a picture of an antique 19th century poster advertising Devol's gambling book. For information only not included. It utilized a special .32 caliber teat-fire cartridge designed by Daniel Moore and David Williamson. It was loaded from the front with the "teat" to the rear. This 6 shot revolver has a 3¼" barrel. Overall it measures 7-1/8" It has a fine silver plated frame. The barrel has some remaining original deep blue finish. The bird's head butt has 2 piece walnut grips. This model has a small hinged swivel gate on the right side of the barrel lug in front of the cylinder that prevents the cartridges from falling out after they are inserted. The barrel markings are "MOORE'S PAT. FIREARMS CO. BROOKLYN, N.Y.", in a single line on the top
A Rare WW1 Russian Romanov Era Poster of Czar Nicolas Iind Period Showing a monoplane crashing into a Zeppelin and the men jumping for their lives. Published date of 1914. Early Russian posters are now becoming extraordinarily collectable. Another poster for the Battleship Potemkin Russian movie, designed by the Stenberg brothers in 1925, sold in November 2012 for 103,250 Pounds Sterling at Christies Auction in London. It arranged class elements into a powerful design of revolutionary upheaval.
A Rare WW2 Female Propaganda Poster, 'Women Join The ATF' In exceptional condition. A superb piece of original WW2 memorabilia, plus a wonderful piece of original WW2 artwork. Posters for many years are passionately collectable and very valuable and these wonderful WW2 British propaganda examples are still very affordable, and in many respects much undervalued compared to similar period movie posters that can now fetch many thousands of pounds. Although we are very rarely consider purely investment considerations in our line of country, we believe there is huge potential for investment in these wonderful art forms. Some original posters of WW2 when the turn up can now fetch well over a £1,000. And 'Keep Calm and Carry On' is now worth over £2,000. WW2 female services items are particularly collectable today, and this one is a particularly nice example, highly evocative of the era.Sold unframed. 20 x 30 inches in original stored folded condition.
A Rare WW2 Japanese Jungle Sword, Made from a Captured Dutch Sword Under German occupation itself, the Netherlands had little ability to defend its colony against the Japanese army, and less than three months after the first attacks on Kalimantan the Japanese navy and army overran Dutch and allied forces, ending 300 years of Dutch colonial presence in Indonesia. A lot of their weaponry was captured, and some were converted for use by the Imperial Japanese Army. The Dutch cutlass or klewang was one such weapon. These Japanese adapted weapons have very distinctive features such as the cutlass bowl hilt being removed, and the swords were then re-issued to the Japanese forces for use in the Jungles of Burma etc. They are very scarcely seen rare items these days and highly sought after. There is a near identical example to be seen in the British Royal Maritime Collection.
A Rare, German, WW2 Railway Protection Service Sword [Bahnschutz] A good example of these very scarce swords used by the security personnel on the Third Reich railway system in WW2. The Railway Protection Service under the control of the Reich Finance Administration and it's mission was the protection maintenance of law and order of all railway transport services. It worked in cooperation with the customs service but it was the SS organisation that provided staff direction and supervision and personnel [that wore these swords in WW2] were frequently taken from the ranks of the SS and the Gestapo, as security on travel within the Reich was considered to be of paramount importance. The training and expertise to recognize, resistance operatives, OSS, SOE operatives and agents, and escaped POWs, while traveling on the occupied rail networks, needed special security service training. This meant the officers chosen for this work were graded far higher in security status than their position and uniform might lead one to believe. This type of sword was first introduced in the Imperial era of Germany, during the Great War, and also in Austria. Most German swords used in WW2 were the Imperial or Weimar issue, just like this sword, and this was due to the fact that WW2 was only twenty years after the great war, so likely a quarter to a third or more of all swords carried by German officers in WW2 were using Imperial issue swords. Certainly, in all the still existing photographs taken of German officers [ that were posed in the 1930's] by far the greater part were carrying Imperial pattern swords, possibly passed down by their fathers. In fact, there was no specific sword introduced in the Hitler era for the Bahnschutz's officers exclusive use at all, as the previously issued Imperial Bahnschutz sword was deemed perfectly acceptable. [See; John R Angolia, "Swords of Germany 1900/1945" ] They were produced by the Eikhorn company. Brass ''D' Gala-Degan hilt with winged railway wheel motif on shell guard, embossed brass mounts to leather scabbard, straight steel blade. Very good condition. This is only the second example we have had in around five years.
A Rare, Nazi, Zeppelin Napkin Ring, in Hallmarked German Silver by Wellner From an exclusive small collection of Zeppelin memorabilia we have acquired. We have only ever had two of these Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei napkin rings before in the last 10 years, all made by Wellner. Made by one of Hitler's two most favoured personal silversmiths. The design has the German Zeppelin Co. logo, of the Third Reich Zeppelin, the Hindenburg, flying across the globe, with the eagle and swastika, the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei. In March 1935, the South Atlantic flights became the responsibility of Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei, after this company had been set up jointly by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, the German Air Ministry and Deutsche Lufthansa. The even larger airship, the LZ 129 'Hindenburg' joined the 'Graf Zeppelin' in 1936, and, in addition to South Atlantic flights with its parter, inaugurated a service over the North Atlantic, between Frankfurt and Lakehurst in New Jersey, in the summer. Also in 1936 the South American route was extended to Rio de Janeiro. Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei ceased operations as the commercial use of airships came to an abrupt end on 6 May 1937, when the 'Hindenburg' exploded at Lakehurst. The napkin ring is made of German hallmarked silver, 925 grade, and was the product of the same silver company that made the Hitler smoking sets and other silver objects for the Third Reich hierarchy - Wellner. Wellner was the maker of most of the Fuhrer's formal dinnerware, and the Reich chancellery dinnerware pieces. Many items by Wellner were used in all of Hitler's residences and state offices. The Zeppelin Corps became one of the shortest-lived German service branches of World War II. After the German invasion of Poland in 1939, the Luftwaffe ordered the last two Zeppelin airships moved to a large Zeppelin hangar in Frankfurt. In March of 1940, Goring ordered their destruction and the aluminum fed into the Nazi war industry. In May, a fire broke out in the Zeppelin facility which destroyed most of the remaining parts. The rest of the parts and materials were soon scrapped with almost no trace of the German "Giants of the Air" remaining by the end of the year. Approx I.5 oz troy.
A Red Army Russian Service Belt From A WW2 Veteran Just acquired from it's original owner who served IN THE ussr Red army in WW2 and in the early Cold War Era. This was his Red Star service belt that he wore, and another belt we show in the gallery was from his comrade who served in the USSR navy. With it's original leather belt. A most scarce original example straight from it's original owner. The Red Workers' and Peasants' Army was the name given to the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and from 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It was established in the immediate period after the 1917 October Revolution (Red October or Bolshevik Revolution), when the Bolsheviks constituted an army during the Russian Civil War opposite the military confederations (especially the combined groups summarized under the preamble White Army) of their adversaries. From February 1939, the Red Army, who together with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces, took the official name "Soviet Army" until its dissolution in December 1991.
A Regal, Royal Grade, Gold Inlaid English Regency Period Flintlock Pistol Circa 1811 a fine English flintlock pistol with superb engraving to the lock and barrel that is inlaid with pure gold. Rain proof pan, rolling frizzen, pure gold pan lining and vent, gold breech lines and muzzle line. False breech in steel with fine engraving. Plain walnut stock with microchequered grips and a plain rectangular gilt escutcheon at the wrist. Silver barrel slide escutcheons to the reverse, and gilt escutcheons to the obverse. The lockplate has a unique fitting rarely seen. Instead of side nails [screws] through the reverse, and into the lockplate, it a has a hidden front mounted buried screw, underneath the closed cock, affixing it'self through the lock plate and into the steel false breech. A most clever and technical arrangement of great ingenuity. Only pistols destined for the truly great or significant had their finest English pistols inlaid and highly embellisshed with purest gold. Pistols such as this were more often than not presented to such notables as Napoleon Bonaparte and the Prince of Wales, the Prince Regent himself. The barrel is finest damascus twist, of large carbine bore, and the trigger guard is engraved steel with a pineapple finial. It also has a captive ramrod, a cavalry design in order to avail the use of safe loading while on horseback, in order not to lose the rammer if it was dropped. The whole aspect of this pistol, it's style, calibre, and size leads one to believe this may have been made for one of the Prince's aristocratic officers, such as those that served in the Prince of Wales Own Light Dragoons, the 10th, the Prince of Wales personal cavalry regiment. Known as a dandy regiment, whose aristocratic officers of Earls and Lords, included Beau Brummel the one time closest friend and confident of the Prince. The man who it is said invented the modern day gentleman's trouser. All of the Prince's officers wore the most expensive uniforms embellished with pure silver and gold, and tenhanced with the finest, bespoke, swords and glorious English pistols. All were most extravagent, gloriously impressive, and exactly as this pistol would represent. During The period of Regency Britain, Prince George took an active interest in matters of style and taste, and his associates such as the dandy Beau Brummell and the architect John Nash created the Regency style. In London Nash designed the Regency terraces of Regent's Park and Regent Street. George took up the new idea of the seaside spa and had the Brighton Pavilion developed as a fantastical seaside palace, adapted by Nash in the "Indian Gothic" style inspired loosely by the Taj Mahal, with extravagant "Indian" and "Chinese" interiors. In the gallery is a portrait of the Prince Regent in uniform in 1809, it is evident to see his glorious dress and how this influenced all those around him and the officers that served in his Light Dragoons. The gold inlaid engraving is very much in the Regency taste, with military additions of stands of arms decorating the frizzen, lock plate and cock, and the barrel has typical Regency architectural motifs at the breech. This is not a pistol that has been made for display and never used. There are obvious signs of use, likely as an officer of dragoons pistol on horseback, and carried as such. 14 inches long overall 8 inch barrel [approximately].
A Regency-Georgian Cut Bright Steel Morning Sword With Fancy Engraved Blade A most beautiful and extravagant sword in cut steel to simulate gems and diamonds. The fashion for this work started in the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, and enjoyed a renaissance in the Georgian & Regency period. Not only was it revived in the décor of gentlemen's sword hilts, but also in jewellery, and gentlemen's apparel, such as shoe buckles and even buttons. This is a very fine example with particular extravagance. No scabbard.
A Regimental 1853 Pat. Trooper's 6th Dragoon's Sword Of the Crimean War A good regimentally marked sword from B troop the 6th Dragoons. It is a British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Sabre' in original steel battle scabbard. The 6th Dragoon's one of the great heavy cavalry regiments of the British Army. 'The Inniskillins', as the regiment was known, took part in the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at the Crimea. The lesser known, but much more successful charge of the Crimean War. The blade is overall russeted and the scabbard very good with natural age patina. The hilt is blackened with leather, riveted, slab sided plates. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, 6th Dragoons the 6th Dragoon Guards, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava was as follows; The first assault line consisted of the Scots Greys and one squadron of the Inniskillings, a total of less than 250 sabres. Only when the RSMs declared themselves happy with the alignment did Scarlett order his bugler to sound the 'Charge'. The idea of a charge conjures up images of the Light Brigade dashing forward at speed but Dragoons were larger men with much heavier equipment so their charge was more of a trot. Floundering at obstacles such as ditches or coppices they headed towards the massed ranks of Russian cavalry, pressing on inexorably at a mere 8 miles an hour. Slow they may have been but the effect of these heavy cavalrymen slamming into the much lighter Russian cavalry stunned their enemy. A letter from a Captain of the Inniskillings illustrates the mellee which followed: "Forward - dash - bang - clank, and there we were in the midst of such smoke, cheer, and clatter, as never before stunned a mortal's ear. it was glorious! Down, one by one, aye, two by two fell the thick skulled and over-numerous Cossacks.....Down too alas! fell many a hero with a warm Celtic heart, and more than one fell screaming loud for victory. I could not pause. It was all push, wheel, frenzy, strike and down, down, down they went. Twice I was unhorsed, and more than once I had to grip my sword tighter, the blood of foes streaming down over the hilt, and running up my very sleeve....now we were lost in their ranks - now in little bands battling - now in good order together, now in and out." In the words of Colonel Paget of the Light Brigade "It was a mighty affair, and considering the difficulties under which the Heavy Brigade laboured, and the disparity of numbers, a feat of arms which, if it ever had its equal, was certainly never surpassed in the annals of cavalry warfare, and the importance of which in its results can never be known." In 1861 the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons like most cavalry regiments during the latter part of the 19th century did service in India, Egypt and in South Africa and the 6th Inniskillings was no exception. The regiment eventually returning to France from India in January 1915 to serve with great distinction during the Great War. Lawrence 'Titus' Oates of Scott's Antarctic Expedition was an officer in the regiment. The story of Captain Oates of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, has become a legend. The member of Scott's ill-fated expedition to the South Pole in 1912, who, suffering badly from frost-bite and exhaustion, and in an extreme example of self-sacrifice walked out into the blizzard on the 16th March - sacrificing himself to save his fellow men. October 25, 1854 The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava by Lord Alfred Tennyson [first verse] The charge of the gallant three hundred, the Heavy Brigade! Down the hill, down the hill, thousands of Russians, Thousands of horsemen, drew to the valley–and stay’d; For Scarlett and Scarlett’s three hundred were riding by When the points of the Russian lances arose in the sky; And he call’d, ‘Left wheel into line!’ and they wheel’d and obey’d. Then he look’d at the host that had halted he knew not why, And he turn’d half round, and he bade his trumpeter sound To the charge, and he rode on ahead, as he waved his blade To the gallant three hundred whose glory will never die– ‘Follow,’ and up the hill, up the hill, up the hill, Follow’d the Heavy Brigade. The photo in the gallery shows the 6th Dragoons regimental armourer's stamps on the hilt guard. They are 6, D, B, & 1. These represent the regiment's number, the type of regiment, the troop number and lastly the number of the sword in the regiment. They were often struck individually, making no or little effort to line them up, or to be orderly. It entirely depended on the orderliness of the armourer himself. We also made all suitable investigations to see if there was a G stamped next to the D, that would have indicated 6th Dragoon Guards as opposed to the 6th Dragoons, but there is no trace of a G ever being present.
A Remington 'Old Model' Navy Revolver .36 Cal. 1861, 17th Alabama A most interesting revolver from the early Remington Arms Co. stable. The action is worn, but still works, but Civil War revolvers from this era are prone to wear due to the length and time of continual service during the war and well into the Wild West era. During it's servicing our gunsmith noticed the grips are originally inscribed, possibly by it's second owner, in 1863. The 1861 Navy production of only 7,000 was nearly all taken up by a Union Government contract, however in the first years of the Civil War the North was losing and many thousands of Northern made arms were captured and then used by the Confederates. This gun is inscribed R.J.H. 1863 and on the reverse 17 ALA. This is a typical marking for the 17th Alabama. We would like to thank Mr Ken Jones of Stephenville, Texas, USA for his wonderful assistance in potentially identifying the owner of this revolver, using his invaluable work in regard to the Alabama muster rolls. We now believe it would likely be named to.. RAINER, Joel H., Co. “I”, Bvt. 2nd Lt.,Captain.. "I" company was called the 'Pike Rangers', of Pike County,17th Alabama Infantry. Officers and gentleman at this time [and many still do] traditionally write or inscribe their monogramme or name, surname first. The 17th Alabama regiment was organized at Montgomery in August 1861. In November it moved to Pensacola, and was present at the bombardment in that month, and in January after. In March 1862 the regiment was sent to west Tennessee. Brigaded under J.K. Jackson of Georgia - with the Eighteenth, Twenty-first, and Twenty-fourth Alabama regiments - the regiment fought at Shiloh, and lost 125 killed and wounded. A month after, it was in the fight at Farmington with few casualties. In the autumn, when Gen. Bragg moved into Kentucky, the Seventeenth, much depleted by sickness, was left at Mobile. It was there drilled as heavy artillery, and had charge of eight batteries on the shore of the bay. It remained at that post till March 1864, when it was ordered to Rome, Ga. The brigade consisted of the Seventeenth and Twenty-ninth Alabama, and the First and Twenty-sixth Alabama, and Thirty-seventh Mississippi, were soon after added, the command devolving at different times on Gen. Cantey of Russell, Col. Murphey of Montgomery, Col. O'Neal of Lauderdale, and Gen. Shelley of Talladega. It was engaged at the Oostenaula bridge, and in the three days' battle of Resaca, with severe loss. The Seventeenth had its full share of the trials and hardships of the campaign from Dalton to Jonesboro, fighting almost daily, especially at Cassville, New Hope, Kennesa, Lost Mountain, and Atlanta. In the battle of Peach-tree Creek it lost 130 killed and wounded, and on the 28th of July 180 killed and wounded. The entire loss from the Resaca to Lovejoy's Station was 586, but few of whom were captured. The regiment moved into Tennessee with Gen. Hood, and lost at least two-thirds of its forces engaged at Franklin; and a number of the remainder were captured at Nashville. A remnant moved into North Carolina, and a part fought at Bentonville. It was then consolidated with the Twenty-ninth and Thirty-third Alabama regiments, with E.P. Holcombe of Lowndes as colonel, J.F. Tate of Russell lieutenant colonel, and Willis J. Milner of Butler major. The regiment surrendered at Greensboro, N.C. April 1865.
A Remington Civil War & Wild West Revolver. 5-shot.32in Rimfire Conversion Remington Pocket Model single-action revolver, with name, address and patent dates, factory converted with detachable plate to rear of cylinder With plain walnut grips, good working order and generally good condition, worn overall with numerous small dents to cylinder and frame. 7.75in long o/a. Boot or pocket pistols that became a most necessary part of life in the Old West. Remington was one the most famous makers of these most interesting, historical and attractive pistols and practically every world renown gambler, and saloon character such as 'Doc' Holiday, 'Wild Bill' Hickock, Jack MacCall carried one such pistol or even several. There was one famous gunfight involving just two men, where over nine guns were drawn and used between them. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Richard Simkin Watercolour Of a Cavalryman. Painted by Richard Simkin. Born in Herne Bay, Kent, the son of a commercial traveler, also named Richard. He spent much of his time at Aldershot, Hampshire, after marrying his wife, Harriet, in 1880, and may also have been a volunteer in the Artists Rifles. He was employed by the War Office to design recruiting posters, and to illustrate the Army and Navy Gazette. In 1901 he created a series of 'Types of the Indian Army' for the Gazette.; he obtained much of the information from the Colonial and India Exhibition of 1886. During his lifetime, he, along with Orlando Norie produced thousands of watercolors depicting the uniforms and campaigns of the British Army. Simkin also contributed illustrations to numerous publications including the Boy's Own Magazine, The Graphic and others; many were published by Raphael Tuck and sons. He died at his home a 7 Cavendish Street, Herne Bay on June 25, 1926, survived by his wife and two daughters. Today, his pictures can be seen in numerous regimental museums and his illustrations appear in regimental histories,
A Ross Rifle Bayonet Of WW1 Used In The Canadian Army With Canadian ordnance stamps. The Ross rifle was a straight-pull bolt action .303 inch-calibre rifle produced in Canada from 1903 until 1918. The Ross Mk.II (or "model 1905") rifle was highly successful in target shooting before WWI, but the close chamber tolerances, lack of primary extraction and overall length made the Mk.III (or "1910") Ross rifle unsuitable for the conditions of trench warfare and the often poor quality ammunition issued. The Ross was used by many snipers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force until the end of the war due to its exceptional accuracy. The Ross Rifle Co. made sporting rifles from early in its production, most notably chambered in .280 Ross, introduced in 1907. This cartridge is recorded as the first to achieve over 3000 feet per second velocity, and the cartridge acquired a very considerable international reputation among target shooters and hunters
A Royal Marine Commando's Knives and Swagger Stick Used In Borneo Campaign Just acquired from a past serving Royal Marine Commando, A.R.Ryda R.M. These two knives and his cane were his, and used by him in his service in the Borneo campaign and after. The slightly smaller jungle knife is dated 1963. The larger one the 'D' type Wilkinson he rescued from the crash site of his Bell Soiux helicopter that crashed while in service with the 3rd Commando Brigade in Sarawak in 1963. The chopper was written aff as were all the other supplies within it. An early issue British military Wilkinson Sword type D survival knife, the blade is 180mm, just over 7" with makers mark 'Wilkinson Sword Ltd ' and regd design app for on one side and 1B/4594 with arrow mark on the other side the 1B prefix was used by both Army and RAF, wooden grip plates with screw bolt fixings, it is complete with it's original leather sheath, British Aircrew and Special Forces D type survival fighting knife - Wilkinson Sword. In excellent condition. This is a lovely quality fighting knife as you would expect coming from Wilkinson Sword, nicely marked with issue number and Wilkinson logo. These fighting knives are purposefully heavy and seriously robust. A scarce and sought after knife. This was originally manufactured by Wilkinson Sword Co for British special forces and has been regarded as one of the most practical survival and field knives designed with the hand-ground full convex grind blade. With the combat conflict stating in 1963 border clashes between British and Commonwealth troops and Indonesian units continued throughout and into 1965. It was on one of General Lea's cross border operations that Lance Corporal Rambahadur Limbu of the 2/10th Ghurkha Rifles won the Victoria Cross, in the border area of the First Division near Bau. 1965 also saw the Indonesian raiders introduce simple wooden 'cigar-box' anti-personnel mines along border tracks. This added a macabre and sickly note into patrolling and a number of legs and feet were lost. In his attempt to gain assistance from China, Sukarno had flirted with the Communist Party and this had seriously undermined his position and he was reduced to the status of a puppet president when General Suharto took over effective leadership of the nation in March 1966. Peace feelers were put out and culminated in a peace agreement signed in Jakarta on 11th August 1966. Fighting had continued in small skirmishes right up until the agreement was signed. Gurkhas board heloIn the fighting, the eight Ghurkha battalions had suffered 43 killed and 87 wounded, the Royal Marine Commandos 16 killed and 20 wounded and the British battalions 16 killed and 51 wounded. Officially Indonesian casualties were put at 600 killed but it is certain that they were considerably greater as a result of the British cross border operations. The campaign was a victory for the British and Malaysian forces, and the Minister of Defence at that time, Mr. Denis Healy declared in the House of Commons that the Borneo Campaign would be recorded 'in the history books …as one of the most efficient uses of military force in the history of the world.
A Russian Scud Missile Launcher 'Level' Site A war trophy of the first gulf war, a Russian Scud Missile Rocket Launcher Level Site on adjustable tripod stand.Originaly designed for use with the USSR Red Army 'Frog' nuclear rocket.
A Russian WW1 Poster Showing the Eastern Front, Published Moscow, Showing a huge battle across a river pontoon bridge assault, between Imperial German and Imperial Russian infantry with cannon, and planes and zeppelin at the Neman river. The Eastern Front, 1914-17 Russia's decision to embark prematurely on military operations on the Eastern Front in mid-August 1914 bought its Western allies welcome breathing space in Belgium and France. But it produced mixed results on the battlefield. Tannenberg In Eastern Prussia, the northern Russian armies were crushed by German forces at the Battles of Tannenberg and the Masurian Lakes in late August and early September. Tannenberg, in particular, became an early symbol of Great War carnage: almost 70,000 Russian soldiers were killed and wounded during the five days of fighting, with a further 100,000 taken prisoner. Further south, in the Habsburg province of Galicia, Russian forces fared much better, winning an important victory at the Battle of Lemberg (23 August-1 September 1914) and forcing Germany to send reinforcements to support its stumbling Austrian ally. 28 x 21.75 inches
A Russian WW1 Poster Showing the Eastern Front, Published Moscow, 1914 Showing a huge battle between Imperial German and Imperial Russian cavalry with cannon, and aerial dogfights, with bi-planes monoplanes and zeppelins. The Eastern Front, 1914-17 Russia's decision to embark prematurely on military operations on the Eastern Front in mid-August 1914 bought its Western allies welcome breathing space in Belgium and France. But it produced mixed results on the battlefield. Tannenberg In Eastern Prussia, the northern Russian armies were crushed by German forces at the Battles of Tannenberg and the Masurian Lakes in late August and early September. Tannenberg, in particular, became an early symbol of Great War carnage: almost 70,000 Russian soldiers were killed and wounded during the five days of fighting, with a further 100,000 taken prisoner. Further south, in the Habsburg province of Galicia, Russian forces fared much better, winning an important victory at the Battle of Lemberg (23 August-1 September 1914) and forcing Germany to send reinforcements to support its stumbling Austrian ally. 34 inches x 24.75 inches
A Samurai Sankaku su Yari Polearm with original Pole. Probably Shinto period in nice order overall. Yari is the Japanese term for spear, or more specifically, the straight-headed spear. The martial art of wielding the yari is called sojutsu. A yari can range in length from one meter to upwards of six metres (3.3 to 20 feet). The longer versions were called omi no yari while shorter ones were known as mochi yari or tae yari. The longest versions were carried by foot troops (ashigaru), while samurai usually carried a shorter yari such as this example. Yari are believed to have been derived from Chinese spears, and while they were present in early Japan's history they did not become popular until the thirteenth century.The original warfare of the bushi was not a thing for "commoners"; it was a ritualized combat usually between two warriors who may challenge each other via horseback archery and sword duels. However, the attempted Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281 changed Japanese weaponry and warfare. The Mongol-employed Chinese and Korean footmen wielded long pikes, fought in tight formation, and moved in large units to stave off cavalry. Polearms (including naginata and yari) were of much greater military use than swords, due to their much greater range, their lesser weight per unit length (though overall a polearm would be fairly hefty), and their great piercing ability. Swords in a full battle situation were therefore relegated to emergency sidearm status from the Heian through the Muromachi periods. Around later half of sixteenth century, ashigaru holding pikes (naga yari) with length of 4.5 to 6.5 m (15 to 22 feet) or sometimes 10 m became main forces in armies. They formed lines, combined with harquebusiers and short spearmen. Pikemen formed two or three row of line, and were forced to move up and down their pikes in unison under the command.Yari overtook the popularity of the daikyu for the samurai, and foot troops (ashigaru) used them extensively as well Various types of yari points or blades existed. The most common blade was a straight, flat, design that resembles a straight-bladed double edged dagger. This type of blade could cut as well as stab and was sharpened like a razor edge. Though yari is a catchall for spear, it is usually distinguished between kama yari, which have additional horizontal blades, and simple su yari (choku-so) or straight spears. Yari can also be distinguished by the types of blade cross section: the triangular sections were called sankaku yari and the diamond sections were called ryo-shinogi yari. Sankaku yari (triangle spear) had a point that resembled a narrow spike with a triangular cross-section. A sankaku yari therefore had no cutting edge, only a sharp point at the end. The sankaku yari was therefore best suited for penetrating armor, even armor made of metal, which a standard yari was not as suited to. Picture in the gallery by Ukiyo-e, a print of a samurai general holding a yari in his right hand. Blade and tang 38cm, blade 13.3 cm overal on pole 194cm
A Scarce 'Head-Hunting' Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam An antique Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam in Nagaland. The furthermost state of North East India. Little is known of the Nagas as most of their history is undocumented, until the British East India Co. took control of the country in 1826. The internecine tribal warfare involved head-hunting, which is the decapitation of captives for their religious ceremonies, but the British and the Christian missionaries did all that was possible to eradicate the head-hunting religious traditions, and converted a portion of the population to Baptist. The sword has a traditional straight rounded hilt [probably bamboo] with a central section tightly bound with most intricate geometric patterned cord that is over lacquered. The blade is flattened with two hand cut grooves and a stamped dot and semi circular decorative pattern design, the blade ends fairly wide. The scabbard is wood and open sided with a most attractive and skillfully executed floral pattern carved in relief at the bottom section. These swords were multi- functional, perfectly adaptable from decapitation to bamboo cutting.
A Scarce Antique Lombok High Born Warriors Kris [or Keris] From the Lombok island of Indonesia. The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies. This is a beautiful and scarce Kris with a hair bound grip [typically indicative of Lombok Keris], typical hardwood scabbard and a fantastic Pamor, meteoric iron, and nickle inlaid blade. The design is a rare herringbone pattern executed with, quite simply, breathtaking skill. 24 inches long overall
A Scarce British Indian Army 12th Frontier Force Rifles Gold & Enamel Badge For a Sikh regiment. A very disireable collectors item, and a stunning piece of fine jewellery. Maker marked on the pin. Made in the WW2 period. The 12th Frontier Force Regiment’s origins lie in the four infantry regiments of the Frontier Brigade authorised in 1846 and raised by Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Lawrence, the agent (and brother) of the Governor-General of the Punjab frontier region (John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence), from veterans of disbanded opposition forces after the First Anglo-Sikh War. The 1st Sikhs were raised by Captain J. S. Hodgson at Hoshiarpur, the 2nd Sikhs by Captain J.W.V. Stephen at Kangra, the 3rd Sikhs by Captain F. Winter at Ferozpur and the 4th Sikhs by Captain C. MacKenzie at Ludhiana. Even at the start the Sikhs, although in the majority, were not in the preponderance, the unit names referring to their origins in the disbanded Sikh Army rather than their racial mix. The nuclei of the regiments consisted of a few men from the regular Native Infantry regiments of the line and police officers. The Governor-General issued a regulation in September 1847 which included the discontinuation of the term "Frontier Brigade" and renamed the four regiments the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Regiments of Sikh Local Infantry .In the 1922 reorganisation of the British Indian Army, the four Sikh regiments became the first four battalions of the newly-constituted 12th Frontier Force Regiment. The two infantry battalions of the Corps of Guides became its 5th and 10th (training) battalions. At the same time the first battalion became the 1st battalion (Prince of Wales' Own Sikhs) whilst the 3rd battalion was made the 3rd Royal Battalion (Sikhs) in 1935. The Corps of Guides, being the senior unit, were entitled to have become the 1st battalion but agreed to allow the four Sikh battalions to retain their historical 1 to 4 numbering although the in a later incarnation the precedence was restored in the 1957 reorganisation of the Pakistan Army when the Guides battalion became the 2nd battalion of the new regiment, following the Scinde Rifles battalion from the Frontier Force Rifles regiment. The location of the training battalion, later to grow into the Regimental Centre, was first at Mardan but moved to Sialkot in 1929. During the Second World War the regiment's battalions (expanded in number by seven war-formed units) saw service in East Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, Italy, India, Malaya and Burma. The Regiment's casualties in the war totalled 1,444 dead and 3,503 wounded. Regular battalions1/12th (Prince of Wales's Own Sikhs) Frontier Force Regiment In 1939 the 1/12th Frontier Force Rifles were part of the Bannu Brigade based in Bannu India and took part in operations in the Ahmedzai Salient in February and March 1940 while under command of the Jhelum Brigade. In the autumn of 1940 the battalion transferred to the Delhi Cantonment and on 15 May 1941 the battalion was transferred to the 17th Indian Infantry Brigade, part of the 8th Indian Infantry Division which was being raised in Bombay, and with which it remained for the rest of the war. The 1/12th served in Iraq and Syria before it was sent to fight in the Italian Campaign on 24 September 1943
A Scarce Early WW1 QF6 Pounder MK IV British Tank Shell Case Dated 1916 with naval 'N' mark. The original QF 6 pounder naval gun had turned out to be too long for practical use with the current British heavy tank designs, which mounted guns in sponsons on the side, rather than turrets on top, as modern tanks do. The muzzles of the long barrels sometimes dug into the mud or struck obstacles when the vehicle crossed trenches or shell craters. The shortened 6 pounder 6 cwt Mk I of single tube construction was introduced in January 1917 in the Mark IV tank, and may be considered the world's first specialised tank gun. The shortened barrel incurred a reduction in muzzle velocity, but as tank guns in World War I were used against unarmoured or lightly armoured targets such as machine gun nests and artillery pieces at relatively short ranges of a few hundred yards, this was not a major disadvantage. The Mk II gun was developed at the same time, having a built-up barrel constructionThe Mark IV was first used in large numbers on 7 June 1917, during the British assault on Messines Ridge. Crossing dry but heavily cratered terrain, many of the sixty-plus Mark IVs lagged behind the infantry, but several made important contributions to the battle. By comparison, at the Third Battle of Ypres (also known as Passchendaele) from 31 July, where the preliminary 24-day long barrage had destroyed all drainage and heavy rain had soaked the field, the tanks found it heavy going and contributed little; those that sank into the swampy ground were immobilized and became easy targets for enemy artillery. Nearly 460 Mark IV tanks were used during the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917, showing that a large concentration of tanks could quickly overcome even the most sophisticated trench systems. In the aftermath of the German Spring Offensive on the western front, the first tank-to-tank battle was between Mk IV tanks and German A7Vs in the Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux in April 1918. About 40 captured Mark IVs were employed by the Germans as Beutepanzerwagen (The German word Beute means "loot" or "booty") with a crew of twelve. These formed four tank companies from December 1917. Some of these had their six pounders replaced by a German equivalent. 12 inches high.
A Scarce English Transitional Revolver Circa 1840 By Cook of London The stepping stone between the 1830's pepperbox revolver, and the later first double action revolver patented by London's Robert Adams in 1851. Some of the most ground breaking work in the early design and manufacture of revolvers was undertaken in England long before the world famous American revolver makers, such as Colt and Remington, became famous for their fine pistols. This most interesting piece is fully, and most finely engraved, on the frame and grip, with a highly detailed micro chequered walnut butt. Good operating action, several areas of old surface pitting intersperced with areas of no pitting at all. Trapdoor percussion cap container in the butt. Made by one of England's 19th century makers and innovators of fine revolver pistols, of London. A classic example of one of the earliest English cylinder revolvers that was favoured by gentleman wishing to arm themselves with the latest technology and improvement ever designed by English master gunsmiths. They were most popular with officers [that could afford them] in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. A picture in the gallery is of Robert Adams himself, loading his patent revolver for HRH Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's Consort. He was also manager for the London Armoury and he made many of the 19,000 pistols that were bought by the Confederate States for the Civil War. The US government also bought Adams revolvers from the London Armoury, at $18 each, which was $4.00 more than it was paying Colt for his, and $6.00 more than Remington.The action on this beautiful gun is good very nice, and tight, but the surface has areas of old corrosion. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Scarce Italian WW2 Combat Helmet Unusually fitted with a WW2 British helmet liner. This may have been a field service replacement, fitted during the Africa campaign, with a liner taken from a captured British Tommy helmet.
A Scarce King George IIIrd 'Light Infantry' Musket With Sword Bar. A light infantryman's musket with a sword-bayonet barrel bar, somewhat similar to the Baker rifle pattern. Very good walnut stock, fine brass mounts barrel and furniture. The 95th Regt and the 60th became what was known as light infantry 'rifle regiments' and experimentation with various arms was undertaken in order to come up with the best arm for the unique task required of them. The 'Baker Rifle' was the most famous result of these experiments, [ a gun that copied the Prussian Jager Rifle]. However, this gun is another of those very early Light Infantry variant long guns. British made, based around the Brown Bess but reduced in length as of the Baker rifle with sword bar. The same form of light infantry musket used by the 68th Foot. In 1808, the 68th was chosen to become one of the new light infantry regiments. These regiments were intended to be a fast-moving strike force. The soldiers were given extensive training and equipped with lighter muskets and new clothing. The soldiers now took their orders from the call of the bugle and not from the beat of the drum. From that time the Regiment adopted the bugle as its badge. In 1811 the new 68th Light Infantry was sent to Portugal to join the fight against Napoleon. As part of the Duke of Wellington's army, the 68th Light Infantry took part in the great battles of Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle and Orthes, as well as in numerous skirmishes with the French that proved the value of the new light infantry training. In these battles the Regiment won its first battle honours. They were also used by the British East India Co. army. In 1798, Tippu Sultan ruler of Mysore formed a vague alliance with the French, which gave the British governor-general Lord Wellesley a pretext to invade Mysore in alliance with the nizam of Hyderabad. Tippu was killed May, 1799 defending his capital at Shrirangapattana. This event against the 'Tiger of Mysore' was the subject of one of the later 'Sharpe of the 95th' books by Bernard Cornwall. His kingdom was divided among the victors. The East India Co. [for those who are unfamiliar with it] was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British Officers and Gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the Victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world Hong Kong and Singapore, it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg. The barrel has a Jaipur Armoury storage mark so in it's working life it was at one time there. Possibly as part of the 2nd Bombay European Infantry [The second regiment of what was to be the 2nd Battalion the Durham Light Infantry] in India in 1839. It was not originally part of the British Army but part of the East India Company, which effectively ruled India as stated previously. There was no connection with Durham at this time and the Regiment recruited men from all over Britain and Ireland. The Regiment was reorganised as light infantry in 1840 and in 1856 took part in the invasion of Persia (Iran), winning its only battle honours. When the Regiment returned to India the country was in the grip of mutiny. After peace was restored in 1858, the India Act was passed ending the rule of the East India Company and transferring the Company's soldiers to the British Army. This is a very interesting light infantry musket indeed, that undoubtedly has amazing stories to tell if it could speak. It is in very good order and a fabulous piece for any collector of early Light Infantry weapons.
A Scarce Large Antique Lombok High Born Warriors Kris [or Keris] From the Lombok island of Indonesia. The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies.This is a beautiful and scarce Kris with a hair bound grip [typically indicative of Lombok Keris], typical hardwood scabbard and a fantastic Pamor, meteoric iron, and nickle inlaid blade. This blade is an amazing form of Mahomets Ladder [Bendo Sedago] pattern more normally seen on rare Islamic Shamshir swords. 25 inches long overall
A Scarce Ngombe Doko Tribal Chiefs & Slave Execution Knife This huge execution knife became a symbol of power - and became a "ceremonial knife for tribal chiefs". With the indigenous names of a Ngulu, Ngol, Ngwolo, M'Bolo,& Gulu These drawings show ngulu execution swords at various executions. The back side of the blade was used as a machete for cutting. It was believed a person remained "aware" for some time after decapitation. As a result, the deceased final sensual experience was flying through the air to meet his or her ancestors. Executions were not judicial events meant for murders or criminals. They were events carried out for ceremonial purposes and the chosen were invariably slaves. Werner Fisher & Manfred A. Zirngibl wrote in their book Afrikanische Waffen: This design was selected for cult and execution knives. A knife was created which symbolized the inexorableness on the judgment and execution. This execution knife became a symbol of power and, in a few variations became a ceremonial knife for tribal chieftains. At executions, the condemned man was tied to the ground with ropes and poles. His head was fastened with leather straps to a bent tree branch. In this way it was ensured that the man’s neck would remain stretched. After the decapitation, the head would be automatically catapulted far away.”
A Scarce Royal Bulgarian Labour Corps Dagger of WW2, By Puma Solingen These German made Labour Corps daggers are very popular with 3rd Reich collectors, as there was a relationship between King Boris of Bulgaria and the Führer. In the early days of World War II, Bulgaria was neutral, but powerful groups in the country swayed its politics towards Germany (whom they had also allied with in World War I), which had gained initial sympathies by forcing Romania to cede southern Dobrudja back to Bulgaria. In 1941, Boris reluctantly allied himself with the Axis Powers in an attempt to recover Macedonia from Greece and Yugoslavia, which had been gained by Bulgaria in the First Balkan War and lost again in the Second. However, in spite of this loose alliance, Boris was not willing to render full and unconditional cooperation with Germany, and the only German presence in Bulgaria was along the railway line which passed through it to Greece. Some of these daggers are German made, and are of high quality. Some were domestically made and of slightly lesser quality. This example is German WW2 made. The pommel is in the shape of a Bulgarian crown, being highly detailed, and having a small ball on the top. The crossguard features a center block, which has a silvered seal of Bulgaria on the obverse, and the rectangular center block on the reverse is stippled. The quillon arms are most interesting on this dagger. Unfortunately, the lower brass fitting for this example has gone to time. The blade is a high quality example, being very similar to a German Naval blade, having dual fuller construction. It is nickel plated, and the nickel surfaces are high quality and mirror bright. This blade is in mint condition, other than normal in-and-out marks. The obverse ricasso area portrays the seal of King of Boris III, being a crown over the letter “B”, with Roman numeral “III” at the lower portion of the letter. On the reverse is the Puma trademark, consisting of a diamond shape, showing a cat head and the name “Puma” below. Below the diamond shape is the name of the city where this dagger was produced, “Solingen”. The crossguard features a center block, which has a silvered seal of Bulgaria on the obverse, and the rectangular center block on the reverse is stippled. The quillon arms are most interesting on this dagger. The left example ending in a detailed lion head, and the right example ending in the shape of a spade, and depicting a superimposed pick at the center. The legs are stippled throughout the outward arms. The grip of this example is most attractive, being a solid celluloid, and orange in color. The small plain mount on the scabbard base is lacking, that is reflected in the price. The German made examples are the most desirable of all.
A Scarce Swiss 1842 Briquet Man's Sword of The Guard Regt's A very rarely seen sword in the UK, The US and Europe, the Swiss briquet sidearm. It is based on the Franco-Prussian version, and similarly mostly made in Solingen Prussia, and imported to Switzerland in the early 19th century. Marked on the hilt J.P.Stacklj. No scabbard
A Scarce Victorian Yeomanry Cavalry Ammunition Belt Pouch A good example of these scarce and very disirable items of militaria from Queen Victoria's Yeomnary Cavalry regiments. Leather pouch with tin box interior and gilt brass regimental device to flap.
A Scarce WW1 Scot's Guardsman's Tunic Tunic in traditional red with brass buttons. The centre regiment of the five Guards Regiments of the Household Div. The Scots Guards have over three hundred and sixty years of unbroken service to the crown. They can trace their origins back to an army that was raised by Archibald 1st Marquess of Argyll, 16 March 1642. Since this date the Regiment has served in nearly every campaign in which the British Army has been involved in. In 1686 they were brought onto the establishment of the English Army for the first time. Eight years later they took precedence within the Foot Guards, despite their seniority by length of service. The Battle Honours of the Regiment are; Namur 1695, Dettingen, Lincelles, [Egypt]1, Talavera, Barrosa, Fuentes d’Onor, Salamanca, Nive, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Suakin 1885, Modder River, South Africa 1899-1902 First World War: Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 ‘17, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 ‘18, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Pilckem, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 ‘18, St. Quentin, Albert 1918, Bapaume 1918, Arras 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Canal du Nord, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18 Second World War: Stien, Norway 1940, Mont Pincon, Quarry Hill, Estry, Venlo Pocket, Rhineland, Reichswald, Cleve, Moyland, Hochwald, Rhine, Lingen, Uelzen, North-West Europe 1944-45, Halfaya 1941, Sidi Suleiman, Tobruk 1941, Gazala, Knightsbridge, Defence of Alamein Line, Medenine, Tadjera Khir, Medjez Plain, Grich el Oued, Dejbel Bou Aoukaz 1943 I, North Africa 1941-43, Salerno, Battipaglia, Volturno Crossing, Roccheta e Croce, Monte Camino, Anzio, Campoleone, Carroceto, Trasimene Line, Advance to Florence, Monte San Michele, Catarelto Ridge, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943-45 Honours since the Second World War; Tumbledown Mountain, Falkland Islands 1982, Gulf 1991
A Scarce WW2 4 Chain All Metal Shingunto Officers Sword Belt Hanger For the collector of original WW2 Japanese swords and fittings, or, for to make a shingunto sword complete with it's original and rare 4 chain type sword belt mount. A most rarely seen collector's piece.
A Scarce WW2 British Kings Royal Rifle Corps Plastic Cap Badge In very good condition with two folding mounting pins to rear. A rare and early British Army issue plastic cap badge of WW2. Small plastic discolouration by the flag.
A Scarce WW2 German Optical Gunsight Maker coded for Emil Busch AG Rathanow, and bearing the mark [blue triangle] for use in extreme temperatures up to 50 centigrade down to minus 40 centigrade. In good optical condition. This type is normally used in the binocular version but this is a monocular side filter adjustment as opposed to top filter adjustment on the binocular version.
A Scarce, Italian 1938 'Non-Folding' Folding Bayonet. With original frog mount and a lot of original blueing. In pretty much sleeper condition. A nice and pretty unusual bayonet used by the Italian Fascists in WW2 and some by the Third Reich on the imported guns from Italy.It was initially designed as a folding bayonet but the action proved to have a weakness so it was adapted and strengthened by making it non-folding knife which in fact made it more efficient and popular. As it's design was also so very neat, as compared to the K98 Mauser bayonet, with a sound blade but around the size of a British FS dagger, it proved to be an excellent close combat knife, and it was popular as such by the German Italian axis allies. Good piece, with original serial number, and most collectable.
A Sealed Pattern Zambia Armed Forces/Police Buckle With original Crown Agents label. In mint condition. The first buckle made, and the one that all others must copy.
A Set of Spares For A German WW2 Gun Sight With excellent lenses.
A Shinshinto Edo Katana By Swordsmith of Higo Dotanuki Ju Munehiro Signed Higo Dotanuki ju Munehiro. A very good undulating hamon, good torii zori and a graduating funbari. The blade was forged by Munehiro from the legendary Dotanuki school working in Higo province. The school favoured for centuries by great samurai Generals. It was said, to own a Dotanuki sword is a fine thing and much to be envied and admired. All of the mounts have the dragon theme, including the tsuba, embellieshed in relief in gold. Starting around the year 1400, long swords signed with the "katana" signature were made. This was in response to samurai wearing their tachi in what is now called "katana style" (cutting edge up). Japanese swords are traditionally worn with the signature facing away from the wearer. When a tachi was worn in the style of a katana, with the cutting edge up, the tachi's signature would be facing the wrong way. The fact that swordsmiths started signing swords with a katana signature shows that some samurai of that time period had started wearing their swords in a different manner. However, it is thought by many, that as many as 70% of katana made were never signed at all. The rise in popularity of katana by samurai is believed to have been due to the changing nature of close-combat warfare. The quicker draw of the sword was well suited to combat where victory depended heavily on fast response times. The katana further facilitated this by being worn thrust through a belt-like sash (obi) with the sharpened edge facing up. Ideally, samurai could draw the sword and strike the enemy in a single motion. Previously, the curved tachi had been worn with the edge of the blade facing down and suspended from a belt
A Shinto Katana Signed Settsu ju Fujiwara Higetsune With iron fushi decorated with gold of a relief dragon, menuki of various forms of arrows, and a deeply carved iron tsuba with gold embellishments. The blade has been polished recently to reveal a good undulating hamon and a thin line of opening, and the saya has a clan mon decoration. Rebinding undertaken at present
A Shinto Wakazashi With Intricate Multi Cord Bound Tsuka This is a most interesting blade. It has an undulating hamon, a fairly stout and powerful blade, but, the most intriguing part is that it has been conserved with two smithed blade repairs. For centuries good samurai sword blades have had specialist swordsmith repairs to the blade face, enabled by the cutting out of small damaged sections, and small rectangular fillets of steel inset within, using a dovetail principle and then polished over. This blade, however, has had circular not rectangular inserts put in, and interestingly both partially within the hamon, the hardest and thinnes part of the blade, and just on the reverse side. None of us here, and at least two other well respected nihonto specialists, have every seen it's like before, and none of us are sure how it was achieved at all. It has a simple oval tsuba, and the tsuka has the highly complex and intricate multi cord ito binding that is so complex can no longer be replicated today. An excellent saya, good polish blade, plain iron fushi kashira. A most pleasing sword with some fascinating features.
A Side Drum Of the Royal Monmouthshire Regt. Made in the 1980s a Drum of the still existing Welsh Regt. The Royal Monmouthshire.Top skin needs replacing. A most attractive piece of British Military History.
A Signally Beautiful And Rare Samurai Art Sword Komei Decorated In Gold and Silver. A samurai 'Art Sword' in every sense of the word, in our opinion an artifact that must be classified as an object vertu, and almost as a samurai jewel. Worthy of any great world class collection of Japanese fine art and object d'art. This is one of our favourite swords that we were thrilled acquire some while ago, and we have never really been at all keen to sell. We have been very happy for it just to be part of our reserve collection. However, after acquiring just too many items to comfortably display in our store we have decided it is about time we should show this fabulous museum piece as it should be, in all it's captivating beauty. It is a very scarce and rare form of katana indeed, in that the entire body and mounts of the sword are iron, very finely komei decorated, in mixed precious metal, on the base ground of the iron. All the surfaces are stunningly inlaid, with mythical bird scenes, by the finest Japanese gold and silver artisans of the Meiji era, with pure gold and silver nunome-zogan. Samurai sword art, with the finest komei and nunome zogan, is more usually limited to smaller items, such as sword guards [Tsuba] or small hilt fittings fushi kashira, but very rarely seen in the full sword mounts including the saya. In forty years we have only been able to buy two others and neither quite like this one. The design on the saya has a superbly sculptured phoenix sitting on a branch against a russet ground to match the tsuba. A Very fine fully Iron-Mounted Katana from the Shinto era. The blade has a very fine midare hamon of nie in original polish. It has a fully bound tsuka with iron fuchi-kashira decorated with silver nunome-zogan clouds within gold nunome-zogan borders, gold menuki [under wrap hilt mounts] in the form of nunome -zogan horses, in its very unusual and very rarely seen Komei decorated all iron saya inlaid overall in gold and silver with a phoenix sitting on a branch against a russet ground. 23.15 inch blade length, Tsuba to tip.
A Signally Beautiful English Double Barrel Rifle Carbine, Back Action Lock Made to accompany the howdah pistol as the big game hunting rifle to be equally at home on foot, on horseback or while standing in a howdah on one's elephant. The brass mounts are superbly engraved throughout, including a Bengal tiger and lion below mount Kilimanjaro, and profuse, highly accomplished decorative scrolling. This is a finest gentleman's hand made double rifle, circa 1845, made by Griffiths of England, bearing Queen Victoria's crown mark to both locks, and was the inspiration for the Jacob's military rifle, as used by the East India Co. army cavalry regiment, Jacob's Horse, the Scinde Irregular Horse. By comparing the Jacob's Rifle by photograph, to this fine rifle alongside each other, one can easily see where the inspiration came from. This gun also bears influences from the design of the earlier British military Baker and [contemporary] Brunswick rifles, with a near identical patchbox arrangement. The Jacob's rifle was designed by General Jacobs of the Honourable East India Co. who was so admired and respected by all who knew him, for his intelligence and skill of command, he had a city named after him, in modern day Pakistan, called Jacobabad. He had spent 25 years improving rifled firearms, carrying on experiments unrivalled even by public bodies. A range of 200 yards sufficed in cantonments, but at Jacobabad he had to go into the desert to set up butts at a range of 2000 yards. He went for a four grooved rifle and had numerous experimental guns manufactured in London by the leading gunsmith George Daw and completely at his expense. Jacob, like Joseph Whitworth, was renowned not only as a soldier but as a mathematician, and his rifle was as unconventional as its designer. Rather than using a small .45 caliber bore Jacob stayed with more conventional .57-58 caliber (Bill Adams theorizes that this would allow use of standard service ammo in a pinch). In any case his rifle used four deep grooves and a conical bullet with corresponding lugs. Though unusual the Jacob’s rifle, precision made in London by master gunsmiths like George Daw, quickly gained a reputation for accuracy at extended ranges. They appealed in in particular to wealthy aristocratic scientists like Lord Kelvin, who swore by his. Jacob wanted to build a cannon on the same pattern, but died early at age 45. A few Jacob’s were used during the American Civil War, and those were privately owned, usually by men able to afford the best. There is one account of one of Berdan’s men using one (the chaplain, Lorenzo Barber), who kept one barrel of his double rifle loaded with buckshot and the other with ball. Jacob's Rifles was a regiment founded by Brigadier John Jacob CB in 1858. Better known as the commandant of the Sind Horse and Jacob's Horse, and the founder of Jacobabad, the regiment of rifles he founded soon gained an excellent reputation. It became after partition part of the Pakistani Army, whereas Jacob's Horse was assigned to the Indian Army. A number of his relatives and descendants served in the Regiment, notably Field Marshal Sir Claud Jacob, Lieutenant-Colonel John Jacob and Brigadier Arthur Legrand Jacob, Claud's brother. As commander of the Scinde Irregular Horse, Jacob had become increasingly frustrated with the inferior weapons issued to his Indian cavalrymen. Being a wealthy man, he spent many years and much money on developing the perfect weapon for his 'sowars'. He eventually produced the rifle that bears his name. It could be sighted to 2 000 yards (1 830m), and fire explosive bullets designed to destroy artillery limbers. It also sported a 30 inch (76,2cm) bayonet based on the Scottish claymore. Jacob was an opinionated man who chose to ignore changing trends in firearm development, and he adopted a pattern of rifling that was both obsolete and troublesome. Nevertheless, his influence was such that during the Mutiny he was permitted to arm a new regiment with his design of carbine. It was named Jacob's Rifles. Orders for the manufacture of the carbine and bayonet were placed in Britain, and all was set for its demonstration when Jacob died. In the hope the East India Company would honour the order, production continued for a little over a year. This gun is overall in nice condition with excellent action. A rare and highly desirable gun indeed, a super officer's example. We show in the gallery a photo of a most similar Jacob's military rifle [in it's case with accessories] to compare the two side by side, this is for comparison information only.
A Signally Beautiful Saw-Handle Duelling Pistol, Engraved Henry Nock This flintlock look's as if it has been in an airtight compartment for nigh on 200 years. It is so pristine as to be extraordinary. It has been re-finished and expertly restored to look as once did, if not better, than the day it was made, and the craftmanship of the work and expertise is simply breathtaking. With superb case hardening, plum browning steel mounts and re-varnished walnut. No duelling pistol made in 1800 could have looked any more beautiful or as crisp as this one does now. The Damascus browning does appear to original, and it bears the crispest proof marks and the maker's serial number underneath, with a gold line at the hook breech. The ramrod is a later perfectly matched replacement. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Signally Fine, 18th Century 'Royal' Grade Sword of Wondrous Quality. With interesting Masonic symbology. A simply superb rapier small sword, with stunningly engraved chiseled steel, overlaid with pure gold, decorated with hand chiseled steel scenes of Italianate Renaissance armour, stand of arms, drums, swags and scrolls, and, most interestingly, the Masonic symbol of the square and compasses. The grip is finest silver, in multiform wire. The blade is in the colishmarde form. The degree of craftsmanship is truly amazing, and the attention to detail and the skill of it's execution simply remarkable. Other most similar swords are in the British Royal Collection and a comparable example was commissioned by King Carl Gustav of Sweden for the Duke of Rutland in circa 1770, it now resides in the Victoria and Albert museum. This small sword would most certainly have been commissioned for a gentleman of Royalty from one of the great houses of Europe in the 18th century. Swords of this type were similarly carried by nobility born British officers in the American Revolutionary War era, or, the volunteer French, German and Dutch Royal officers that fought on Americas side against the British. The colichemarde bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War period. Even George Washington had a very fine one just as this example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended.The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary.
A Signally Fine, 18th Century, Pierced Black Steel Small Sword The pierced steel guard is simply spectacular in it's minute detail. The blade is engraved with exceptional and unusula depth and the patterning and design are most attractive. The forte of the blade bears a Latin motto on both sides. A most beautiful sword made from the 7 years War, known as the French Indian Wars in Europe and America, and into the American War of Independence in the 1770's. The form of sword that was carried and used by gentleman and officers for almost 100 years. It is said they were particulaly popular with the infamous maritime Privateers, and Buccaneers, who, in the most part, became notorious around the world as the Pirates of the Spanish Maine, such as Captain's William Kidd, George Booth, Edward Teach [Blackbeard] & Henry Jennings, or Capt. Bartholomew Roberts, as he is to be seen, in a period engraving carrying the very same sword. Small hairline crack in one shellguard
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a 28th Foot Infantryman 13cm High set on a wooden plinth.
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a British Fusileer 12cm. High set on a wooden plinth
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a British Rifleman Napoleonic Rifleman with his 'Baker Rifle'. 12cm high set on a wooden plinth.
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a Highland Regt. Officer Wearing Highland Trews a 11.5cm figure set on a wooden plinth.
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a WW2 British Army R/O 11cm high set on a wooden plinth.
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of a WW2 British Commando 11cm high on a wooden plinth
A Silver Plated Solid White Metal Figure of the Duke of Wellington 12.5cm high set on a wooden plinth
A Simply Fabulous Victorian Very Heavy Grade Coachman's or Horseman's Knife One of the largest of it's kind we have seen. Used by horsemen for hunting or travelling when time distances between artisans to repair saddlery and harness was most great. Ideal for a military cavalry farrier as well. With many utility blades, including pick, tweezers, leather punch, corkscrew, scissors, saw, screw driver, can opener and knife blade. With staghorn plates. Superb and elaborate engraving to the frame. I knife blade damaged. A very large, and substantial high grade piece. Closed, 6 inches long, 10.25 inches long, blade opened, 1.85 inches at widest when closed, weight 16.3 ozs.
A Simply Fascinating Early 1870's Early Workers 'Benevolent Union' Sword From the Ancient Order of United Workmen [of America and Canada]. Gilt bronze hilt with ebonized wooden grip. Eagle helmet mounted pommel. Fully etched blade with owner's and maker's name. Owned and made for Fred Wedell, and made in Buffalo, New York. The A.O.U.W. was a fraternal workers association that was founded in 1868, just after the American Civil War. The order began when John Jordan Upchurch, a mechanic on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad living in Meadville, Pennsylvania became dissatisfied with a group he had joined, the League of Friendship, Mechanical Order of the Sun. The latter society had established a lodge, called a subordinate League, in Meadville on April 20, 1868 and it membership was composed almost entirely of mechanics, engineers, firemen and day labourers working on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, and in the local shops. Upchurch joined the local lodge on June 16, on its eighth meeting, and soon rose to become its presiding officer. Another person who would go on to have an important role in the AOUW, William W. Walker, was a charter member. The League of Friendship, the Mechanical Order of the Suns avowed purpose was to advance and foster the interests of its members and provide financial assistance on an ad hoc basis. The local lodge was reported to have had a peak membership of about one hundred.
A Simply Magnificent 88mm Round of The German 'King' Tiger Tank of WW2 The King Tiger is one of the most famous and rarest of the terrifying Panzers. A photo in the gallery is of the Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, being shown a demonstration of the King Tiger and a comparison of the size of shells it fired compared to the other battle tanks in production. Of 1500 King Tigers ordered by Hitler only 487 were actually constructed and place into combat service, and this quantity was a tiny amount of tanks produced by Germany in WW2 compared to the numbers of the other standard and various Tiger and Panzer tanks produced. The first use of the Tiger II in combat was in Normandy on 18 July 1944 with the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzerabteilung 503). It was first used on the Eastern Front on 12 August 1944 with schwere PzAbt 501 in the fighting at the Soviets' Baranov bridgehead over the Vistula River. In this action, a single Soviet T-34-85 under the command of Guards Lieutenant Os'kin from the 53rd Guards Tank Brigade knocked out three Tiger IIs by firing at their sides from an ambush position. Later the Tiger II was present at, among others, the Ardennes Offensive, the Soviet offensive into Poland and East Prussia in January 1945, the German offensives in Hungary in 1945, fighting to the east of Berlin at the Seelow Heights in April 1945 and finally within the city of Berlin itself at the very end of the war. The Sherman-equipped 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards claim they were the first British regiment to knock out a King Tiger, on 8 August 1944, in France. The upgraded 88mm armament used a simply huge shell, much larger than the standard Tiger's 88, and one of the most impressive and rarest of all the shells ever to be seen. One of a pair we have been just been very fortunate to acquire, both with electric primers specfifically used in armoured vehicles [not to be mistaken with percussion primers used in artillery pieces] we believe only the fourth example we have had in 40 years, and possibly the last we may ever see. 45 inches long.
A Simply Magnificent 88mm Round of The German 'King' Tiger Tank of WW2 The King Tiger is one of the most famous and rarest of the terrifying Panzers. A photo in the gallery is of the Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, being shown a demonstration of the King Tiger and a comparison of the size of shells it fired compared to the other battle tanks in production. Of 1500 King Tigers ordered by Hitler only 487 were actually constructed and place into combat service, and this quantity was a tiny amount of tanks produced by Germany in WW2 compared to the numbers of the other standard and various Tiger and Panzer tanks produced. The first use of the Tiger II in combat was in Normandy on 18 July 1944 with the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzerabteilung 503). It was first used on the Eastern Front on 12 August 1944 with schwere PzAbt 501 in the fighting at the Soviets' Baranov bridgehead over the Vistula River. In this action, a single Soviet T-34-85 under the command of Guards Lieutenant Os'kin from the 53rd Guards Tank Brigade knocked out three Tiger IIs by firing at their sides from an ambush position. Later the Tiger II was present at, among others, the Ardennes Offensive, the Soviet offensive into Poland and East Prussia in January 1945, the German offensives in Hungary in 1945, fighting to the east of Berlin at the Seelow Heights in April 1945 and finally within the city of Berlin itself at the very end of the war. The Sherman-equipped 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards claim they were the first British regiment to knock out a King Tiger, on 8 August 1944, in France. The upgraded 88mm armament used a simply huge shell, much larger than the standard Tiger's 88, and one of the most impressive and rarest of all the shells ever to be seen. One of a pair we have been just been very fortunate to acquire, both with electric primers specfifically used in armoured vehicles [not to be mistaken with percussion primers used in artillery pieces], we believe only the fourth example we have had in 40 years, and possibly the last we may ever see. The shell is an amazing 45 inches long.
A Simply Stunning Bizen Chisa Katana Sword By Tomonari This absolutely delightful sword, that would enhance any home, boardroom or office. It would compliment any fine collection of fine art or weaponry. Signed Bizen Osafune ju Yokeyama Sukekane Tomonari, Dated 1846, 58th Generation. It has all that one can wish for if one seeks a sword with an ancient pedigree that can trace it's ancestry back almost a thousand years. It has a exquisitely beautiful subtle sugaha hamon, nice fittings and a saya of delightful quality, two part decorated, the top section deeply ribbed and lower decorated with crushed blue lacquer abilone shell decoration. A most attractive Edo tsuba in iron inlaid with brass. Although today, we look at brass as an inexpensive and common metal. In ancient times, brass was highly prized until the technology of mass-producing it was invented. The yellow colour of brass resembles gold but brass is much harder and more durable. Before its use on tsuba, brass was often used to make Buddhist altar ornaments and religious objects. at the time of its creation, brass was considered more precious than gold. The most common blade lengths for Chisa katana was approximately eighteen to twenty-four inches. They were most commonly made in the Buke-Zukuri mounting (which is generally what is seen on katana and wakizashi). The chisa katana was able to be used with one or two hands like a katana (with a small gap in between the hands) and especially made for double sword combat [a sword in each hand]. It was the weapon of preference worn by the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo [Samurai war lord clan chief], as very often the Daimyo would be more likely within his castle than without. The chisa katana sword was far more effective a defense against any threat to the Daimyo's life by assassins [or the so-called Ninja] when hand to hand sword combat was within the Castle structure, due to the restrictions of their uniform low ceiling height. The hilt was usually around ten to eleven inches in length, but could be from eight inches or up to twelve inches depending on the Samurai's preference. Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. This sword is near unique in that it is an Edo sword that was crafted from a line of smiths that boasts an incredible 58 generations long line of master swordsmiths, descended from the original Master Tomonari, the founder of the Bizen school. There is likely very few business's or company in the entire world that can trace it's line back 58 generations. 23 inch blade from tsuba to tip approx.
A Simply Stunning Koto Katana With A Fantastic Unokubi Zukuri Blade The 'cormorant's neck' blade form is patterned after the shape of the Nagamaki, the powerful long-handled sword popular between the 12th and 14th centuries. Notable for the strongly relieved shinogi-ji and diamond-shaped kissaki, the Unokubi-Zukuri Katana provides excellent balance in a strong cutting blade. The mune (back) of the blade is also different from the more usual form in that it starts out like most katanas, but after a third of the way down, the mune thins out rapidly into a long thin false edge. The last couple of inches of the mune then flare back out into a diamond form right at the kissaki. The Koto period is 900 to 1595 AD. With very nice mounts. The fushi kashira are embellished with gold and silver. The kashira is a gold embellished bird with flowers on a nanako ground, and the fushi is decorated with a rat eating a daikon, the favoured food of the samurai. The tsuba is in iron, koto period, and decorated with the Rays of Buddha surrounded by waves. The blade now repolished looks superb. 27.5 inch blade.
A Simply Stunning London Silver Hilted Sword of 1766, With Silver Scabbard Superbly crafted solid London silver hilt, hallmarked to 1766, with open pierced work shell guards, multiwire silver grip, pierced silver oviod pommel, single knuckle bow, single quillon and pas dans. The whole design of the relief décor is based around military stands of arms, classical helmets, cannon flags banners, spears, axes polearms and quivers of arrows. The blade is engraved with scrolls and decorative motifs. It still has most of it's original silver mounted scabbard, only the chape is missing. The guard has had in it's working life some soft metal repairs and one quillon is lacking. The blade, although in the main complete, does have old, extinct, rusted areas on the edges. The advantages of it's condition are that it is seriously underpriced, and if perfect would easily be valued by us at around three times it's current price. Thus, a normally expensive very fine quality, solid silver mounted sword is far more easily affordable than would be usual. General George Washington, who later became the first President of the United States of America, had an almost identical type of sword. One can see him wearing his sword, in the earliest known portrait of Washington, aged 40, in his position of colonel of the then British colonial Virginia Regiment. Painted by Charles Wilson Peale in 1772. Although George Washington is the first uniformly accepted President of the United States of America, there were 16 men who held the post of President before him. However, the so called 'Forgotten Presidents' were either Presidents of Congress or Presidents of the United States Under the Articles of Confederation. This sword is without doubt a sword of quality and status, from the time before and of the Revolutionary War, and absolutely the very kind carried by men of Washington's position
A Simply Super Medieval Knights 'Spiked' Battle Mace A most impressive but fearsome early weapon from the 1200's to 1300's, around 700 to 800 years old, and probably of German origin. An incredibly elaborate iron spiked head that would be extremely effective at the function it was designed for. In fact, in a small area, some of the spike tips have been broken off where it has made crushing contact, probably against a helmet. This is also the form of Mace that was mounted on a short chain with a haft and then used as a Flail Mace for extra reach on horseback. Unlike a sword or haft mounted Mace, it doesn't transfer vibrations from the impact to the wielder. This is a great advantage to a horseman, who can use his horse's speed to add momentum to and underarmed swing of the ball, but runs less of a risk of being unbalanced from his saddle. It is difficult to block with a shield or parry with a weapon because it can curve over and round impediments and still strike the target. It also provides defense whilst in motion. However the rigid haft does have the advantage as the flail needs space to swing and can easily endanger the wielder's comrades. Controlling the flail is much more difficult than rigid weapons. Mounted on a replaced old haft. One photo in the gallery is from a 13th century Manuscript that shows Knights in combat, and one at the rear is using a stylized and similar Mace [photo for information only and not included with Mace]. The head is around the size of a tennis ball.
A Simply Superb Master Conductor/Composer's Solid Silver Presentation Baton For those with an interest in presentation pieces in the realm of musical memorabilia. Engraved 'Geisha', O.M. [Order of Merit] 25th April 1925. C.A.O.S. [Choral & Orchestra Society]. In mallacca and mounted in hallmarked solid silver. Presentation gifted to a composer/conductor who would have been a contemporary of Sir Edward Elgar O.M. Sadly, we know not to whom it may have been presented. However research in the right quarter may well bear fruit. Unscrews at the midsection into two pieces. Superb quality as one might expect.
A Simply Wonderful Iron and Shakudo Tsuba By Harutsugu Edo Period In it's case, large katana sized. Signed Harutsugu. A shakudo silver and gold Oni demon holding a parasol, with ken sword hanging from his belt. On the other side is a smaller Oni demon carrying a paper lantern on a pole. The oni is the demon of Japanese folklore. It takes on many other names, sometimes referred to as a devil. Unlike most western cultures, the oni is not necessarily seen as an evil being. It is said to be of a dual nature, meaning it's powers can be good or evil, depending on if it likes the subject it attaches itself too. Oni are credited with bringing good health, safety, peace and avoiding disaster. A typical oni mask has horns, bulging eyes, a sinister looking smile and sharp teeth. The Tsuba, or Japanese sword guard, is a refined utilitarian object. It is essentially a sheath for the blade to fit through, protecting the hand of the warrior. The Tsuba can be solid, semi pierced of fully pierced, with an overall perforated design, but it always a central opening which narrows at its peak for the blade to fit within. It often can have openings for the kozuka and kogai to pass through, and these openings can also often be filled with metal to seal them closed. For the Samurai, it also functioned as an article of distinction, as his sole personal ornament.
A Singularly Beautiful Cased Pair Boxlock 'Derringer' Pistols & Tools With finest Damascus barrels and silver but traps. Set in a wonderful mahogany case, with original powder flask and mold. Unusual box lock action, with hammers set to one side. Early 19th century. As crisp and as fresh a pair of finely cased quality pistols as one could ever wish to see. Beautifully made and crafted by a master gunsmith, with superb engraving. One feature of their fine engraving, that incidentally has been executed with the lightest elegant touch, is their very unusual subject. Each side of each pistol's side plate is engraved with a different form of architecturally decorative flowering plant, or fruit, that was highly popular in the late Georgian era, such as the acanthus, pineapple, and pomegranate. Designs that were popularized by Robert Adam and the like. The barrels are the finest Damascus twist steel, and within the grip butts are hinged silver lidded percussion cap traps. They have turn-off breech loading barrels that bear good proof stamps, and flush folding concealed triggers. The condition of both is truly epic, and apart from a hairline [easily restorable] in the butt of one gun, they are as near mint as possible for a pair of pistols approaching one hundred and eighty years old. The fine mahogany case and tools compliments them beautifully. Box 25,5 cm x 16.5cm x 5,5cm high, pistols 16cm long overall, barrel 6cm As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Singularly Beautiful Large Ship's Captain's Blunderbuss Pistol By Grice 18th century, from the Revolutionary War in the Americas through the Anglo French War and the Napoleonic Wars. A long barrel flintlock pistol, with a most elegant cannon barrel, and microchequered slab sided butt. Good action. Very nicely patinated walnut stock, steel mounts with acorn finial. In it's working life it once had a bayonet mount and this has been removed. Grice tried to contest John Waters bayonet patent stating he had used it before 1781, but was unsuccessful. documented makers of [Captain's] 'Blunderbuss Pistoles with Cannone barrels, and some wythe Bayonettes'. This wonderful and delightfully large bore cannon barrel pistol was chosen by ship's Captains as they found such impressive guns desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for imtimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned.
A Singularly Beautiful Toe Lock Flintlock,18th to Early 19th century long gun. A simply superb antique Eastern gun from the 18th to Early 19th century,. A miquelet gun with a very high quality toe-lock decorated with chiseled and silver inlaid foliate arabesques. The gun is richly inlaid with silver and ivory, with matching foliate arabesques throughout, silver barrel bands, and the original silver mounted ramrod. figured hardwood three-quarter stock profusely inlaid over its full length with numerous silver plaques pierced with openwork designs of scrolling foliage. A similar gun was the Imperial gift of Russian Tsar for Augustus II King of Poland and Elector of Saxony on his coronation in Krakow. That gun is published in the book “Prunkwaffen: Waffen und Rustungen aus dem Historischen Museum Dresden” by Johannes Schobel (Leipzig, 1973) p.249, pl. 178. Guns of this style were popular throughout the whole of Central, Eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, North Africa and The Ottoman Empire. However this is a much higher quality example than is more often seen, and certainly sets it well apart from the usual musket of it's type. The barrel has a monogrammed armourer's mark and date [A.G. 1814.] This may very likely indicate the barrel was imported from Europe. Signed lock, under the lock plate on the spring. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Singularly Magnificent Museum Grade Samurai Wakazashi By Master Kanenori Signed Echizen ju Kanenori. Blade with his famed horimono carving.With undulating notare hamon, edo saya with original lacquer and a silver saya mount. Sword mounted in stunning quality pure gold decorated patinated takebori fittings probably Soten school. The Soten school was created by one of Masamune's students, named Kanemitsu. A most pleasing wakazashi from one of the most interesting eras of samurai history at the ending of the turbulent times of the Tokugawa after the Battle of Sekigahara and the Edo period. This Samurai wakazashi was made in the era of some of the most interesting periods of warfare. Samurai warfare is simply extraordinary, such as the incredible Battle of Okehazama, where a force of 1500 samurai routed a far superior army of 35,000 samurai through skill, adacity and cunning. In this battle, Oda Nobunaga defeated Imagawa Yoshimoto and established himself as one of the front-running warlords in the Sengoku period. In May or June 1560, Imagawa Yoshimoto, with an army of perhaps 35,000 men, set forth on a march to Kyoto. Entering the Oda territories in Owari Province, he first took the border fortresses of Washizu and Marune before setting up camp in a wooded gorge known as Dengaku-hazama. This was all reported to Oda Nobunaga by his scouts and, in response, Nobunaga then led his own forces into position at a temple called Zenshoji, a short distance away, on the other side of the Tokaido. Had Nobunaga decided on a frontal assault, the battle would have been deceptively easy to predict; his army was outnumbered ten to one by the Imagawa forces. A frontal assault would be suicidal and an attempt to hold out at Zensho-ji would only last a few days. Because of the odds against their side, some of Nobunaga's advisers even suggested a surrender. Nobunaga, however, decided to launch a surprise attack on the Imagawa camp. When he made his decision, he gave this speech: "Imagawa has 40,000 men marching toward this place? I don't believe that. He 'only' has 35,000 soldiers. Yes, that is still too many. So, Sado, you want me to surrender. What if we do surrender? Will you get content with losing your life that way? Or what if we hold on like Katsuie wants me to? What if we stay here in this castle, lock it up, and wait until the Imagawas lose appetite and stop the siege and go home? We will be able to prolong our lives for 5 or 10 days, and what we cannot defend will still be undefendable. We are at the bottom of the pit, you know. And our fate is interesting. Of course the misery is too great, too. But this is how I see it: this is a chance in a lifetime. I can't afford to miss this. Do you really want to spend your entire lives praying for longevity? We were born in order to die! Whoever is with me, come to the battlefield tomorrow morning. Whoever is not, just stay wherever you are and watch me win it!" Nobunaga left a small force at the temple with a large number of banners, to give the impression that this was the location of his main force. Meanwhile, Oda's main force (about 1,500 men) moved through the forest undetected to the rear of the Imagawa army. The Imagawa samurai, not unsurprisingly, did not expect an attack, and that afternoon was very hot. The histories say that the Imagawa samurai were celebrating their recent victories with song, dance, and sake. An afternoon rainstorm further aided Oda's soldiers who arrived at the Imagawa camp just as the rains came down (this was the afternoon of 12 June). When the storm passed, Nobunaga's men poured into the camp from the north, and the Imagawa warriors lost all discipline and fled from the attackers. This left their commander's tent undefended, and the Oda warriors closed in rapidly. Imagawa Yoshimoto, unaware of what had transpired, heard the noise and emerged from his tent shouting at his men to quit their drunken revelry and return to their posts. By the time he realized, moments later, that the samurai before him were not his own, it was far too late. He deflected one samurai's spear thrust, but was beheaded by another. With their leader dead, and all but two of the senior officers killed, the remaining Imagawa officers joined Oda's army. Soon the Imagawa faction was no more and Oda Nobunaga was famous as his victory was hailed by many in Japan as miraculous. The most important of the samurai lords who joined Oda after this battle was Tokugawa Ieyasu from Mikawa Province. Ieyasu would remain a loyal ally of Nobunaga from this time until the latter's death.
A Singularly Stunning Pair, of Silver Royal Armoury Double Barrel Pistols A pair of magnificent pistols, of sublime quality and supremely rare. Double barrelled pistol are decidedly uncommon, but silver mounted and an original pair, complete and still together is a remarkable rarity. Made circa 1770, at King Louis XV 's Armoury Royale at St Etienne in France, they are examples of superb French craftsmanship at it's zenith. All of the mounts are hallmarked solid silver including the ramrods which have whalebone hafts. They are decorated in the so-called Parisian taste. The locks are engraved for the Royale Manufactory, St Etienne. Used in the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary period, right through the Napoleonic Wars and then converted to the much advantageous, advanced and superior percussion system in around 1830. In the 18th century solid silver mounted pistols and swords were the sole prerogative of only the most wealthy and powerful. The weapons of generals and princes, and double barrels pistols were particularly costly, but created a profound and distinct advantage for the wearer over any opponent carrying a pair of single shot pistols. Pistols with side-by-side barrels became popular in England and France in the second half of the eighteenth century. There is a most similar French pair on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York, in gallery 375. Saint-Étienne was already a well-known place for production of swords and knives since the Middle Ages. In 1665, a Royal Arms Depot was created in Paris to store military weapons made in Saint-Étienne. The Royal Arms Manufacture was created in 1764 under the supervision of the General Inspector of the Royal Arms Manufacture of Charleville. In order to maintain the French army many standard arms were made as well as Royal grade weapons and in the Royal period 12,000 military weapons were being produced each year when French Revolution occurred. The city was renamed Armsville during the revolutionary period and production increased to meet demand of the revolutionary army fighting at the borders against the Royalists supported by European royal families. The French Empire saw the production increase threefold to meet the needs of the Napoleonic Army in its conquest of Europe. In 1764 a select of St Etienne gun makers united to form a company upon which Louis XV conferred the title of Manufactory Royale and granted social privileges to assist their craft. Barrels 8.5 inches long, overall length 14.5 inches long. Small contemporary stock crack on one pistol by the barrel. Easily repairable invisibly if required.
A Singularly Stunning, Zulfikar Style "Lord of Cleaving" Shamshir Sword A rare, original, 18th to 19th century Zulfikar [Zulfiqar] style shamshir, with a most scarce bifurcated blade. A silver and ivory hilted sword, with an Islamic silver Tughra reign mark on the crossguard. Copper gilt mounted ivory grip scales that have a carved geometric chequered pattern. The blade has a distinctive scalloped cutting edge and it's tip becomes two points. A very similar sword is shown in W. Egerton's book, Handbook of Indian Arms… Plate XV, item 658. According to the tradition of the Islam, the prophet Muhammad had two swords. The first was a straight bladed sword, common to the period, which is now shown in the Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul. The second sword is believed to have had a split blade. This sword was given to Ali, the prophet's son in law, who fought with it in many great battles and saw great victories. That sword was nicknamed Zulfikar (Lord of cleaving). This sword was lost, and no one exactly knows it's form other than by legend. Many attempts to describe the Zulfikar have been made during the development of Islamic swords. Certainly that there is a possibility that this sword is one of those attempts to create a version of the legendary sword of Ali. By most accounts, Muhammad presented the Zulfiqar to a young ‘Ali at the Battle of Uhud. During the battle, ‘Ali struck one of the fiercest adversaries, breaking both his helmet and his shield. Seeing this, Muhammad was reported to have said " There is no hero but ‘Ali and no sword except Dhu l-Fiqar" Blade cutting edge 38 inches long. In the gallery are examples of the notables that wore these very swords such as a portrait of the Marquis of Londonderry with the same form of sword, also, of Demetrios Mavromichalis by Jean Dupre.
A Singularly Superb & Superior Grade English Pepperbox Pistol Circa 1830 Good, very tight and crisp action, and in great condition for it's age with some original blue remaining to the hammer. Six revolving barrels with a nipple shield. Bar hammer and fine scroll engraving on the whole frame, superb walnut with original varnish. The revolving barrels have pronounced chisseled steel ribbing, that are spectacularly crisp. Good pepperbox revolvers are fairly rarely seen in the UK these days, and pepperbox revolvers are always highly collectable, as they represent most interesting examples of the first rung on the evolutionary ladder of the modern age revolver. The pepperbox was probably the most sought after multi-shot handgun during the 1830-1850 decades, being as the more modern Adams and Deane revolvers only gained availability and popularity after their invention and development the early 1850's, thus the pepperbox was carried in substantial quantities during the early Seikh Wars in 1845-6, the first Opium War in China 1839-42, and Crimean War in Russia. Most likely many pepperboxes were being carried as personal defense weapons during the war by officers who were not affluent enough to afford a then more conventional revolver. The Pepper-box, known as the "Gun that won the East", was the most desirable repeating handgun prior to the invention of the revolving cylinder. Its name may have been coined by Samuel Clemens. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Small Antique Sudanese or Tuareg Sleeve Dagger or Tebu Part of a small collection of fine antique North African antique daggers. A most interesting Tuareg small arm or sleeve dagger. Traditionally worn on the left forearm with the hilt pointing down the arm, extremely effective blade, leather scabbard, skull-crusher steel pommel. The Tuareg, a nomadic people predominantly of Berber origin. The Tuareg long dominated the central and west-central areas of the Sahara desert, including portions of what is now Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, and Morocco, and had a reputation as effective warriors and as highwaymen. A late 19th century dagger 21 inches long 14 inch blade. Completely in untouched, long stored condition, with light red rust to blade, and should respond beautifully to gentle polishing. Lacking loop. 315mm long overall
A Smith & Wesson 3rd Model 'Double Action' Top-Loader Wild West Revolver .44 Russian cal 6 shot cylinder. Nickel plated and in very good tight action order. The early double action revolver six-shooter. The ultimate, big, Cowboy Gun, a superb, original pistol that was considered to be the best large calibre gun of the Wild West. The world famous and infamous used the large calibre Smith and Wesson revolvers, including the legendary Wyatt Earp ( he used his Smith & Wesson American at the Gunfight at the OK corral, and given to him by the editor of the Tombstone Epitaph Newspaper) Virgil Earp, Dallas Stoudenmire (Marshal of El Paso,Tx.), Texas Jack Omohundro, Cole Younger [of the infamous Younger Gang], plus so many others. Cole Younger surrendered his gun at the abortive robbery of the First Bank of Northfield, Minnesota in September 1876 by the Younger - James Gang. Jesse James was assassinated with a S&W owned by Bob Ford, and notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin killed a Texas Lawman with his Smith & Wesson. The story of the Younger - James Gang goes as follows; After the Civil War Jessie and his brother Frank James became outlaws and established a gang that included Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts. On 13th February, 1866, the gang robbed a bank at Liberty, Missouri. Over the next few years the brothers took part in twelve bank robberies, seven train robberies, four stage-coach robberies and various other criminal acts. During these crimes at least eleven citizens were killed by the gang. As well as their home state of Missouri they were also active in West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas and Minnesota. On 7th September, 1876, the gang attempted to rob the First National Bank in Northfield, Minnesota. During the raid Jessie James killed the cashier, Lee Heywood. Members of the town decided to fight back and they opened fire on the gang. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts were killed whereas Bob Younger, Cole Younger and James Younger, were all wounded and captured. Cole Younger's pistol was captured then. Jessie James and Frank James were also wounded but managed to get away from Northfield. After this disaster Jessie decided to go into hiding. Jessie took the name J. D. Howard and rented a home in Nashville, Tennessee. He also began to recruit a new gang that included Robert Ford, Charlie Ford and Dick Liddel. On 8th October, 1879, Jessie James and his gang held up the Chicago & Alton Railroad at Glendale, Missouri and stole $6,000. This was followed by other raids, in one, at Blue Cut, Missouri, in September, 1881, the gang killed the conductor and a pensioner. The Governor of Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, now responded by offering a reward of $10,000 for the capture of Jessie James. Robert Ford, a member of the Jessie James gang, contacted Governor Crittenden and offered his services in order to gain this reward. On 3rd April, 1882, Ford visited Jessie James in his home and when he stood on a chair to straighten a picture on the wall, he shot him in the back of the head with his Smith and Wesson revolver. Ford was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. Two hours later he was pardoned by Crittenden and given his reward. Jesse James had a Smith and Wesson and there is a photo of Jesse's gun [with his hand-shortened barrel] that was displayed to the public by Merle Gill, in the 1920's. He was a ballistics expert with the Kansas City police department. There is also a photo of Cole Younger's gun from the front cover of John Walters book 'The Guns that Won the West', This gun has an excellent crisp action and it is in very good condition overall with working-repair grips. This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation, but as a collector's piece only, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation.
A Solid Bronze Desk Cannon In fine deluxe gilt finish, a modern representation of a an early Lantaka Cannon and Carriage, bearing the Royal Crest of the Sultan of Brunei. Especially commisioned for the Independence of Brunei in January 1984. 28cm long.
A Solid White Metal Silver Plated Figure of a Lancer 13.5cm high set on a wooden plinth.
A Spanish Armada Period, One Piece 'Pear Stalk' Cabasset Helmet From the time of the unsuccessful Spanish 'Armada' attempted invasion, during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Ist. A fine Spanish-Italian style one piece high peak cabasset helmet made in the mid to late 16th century. Wonderfully hand forged with hammer marks and with patches of delamination and rosettes. This super helmet is nicely constructed with good edgework and lovely quality throughout, and it is a fine period piece in excellent condition for age. There is a picture in the gallery of the same form of helmet [heavily rusted] recovered from Jamestown, the early American colony fort. One other picture is a period engraving of an Elizabethan soldier with his pear stalk cabasset, another picture of The Battle of Gravelines, August 8, 1588, which is of the defeat of the Spanish Armada by Sir Francis Drake, Queen Elizabeth's Admiral. Pictures shown for information only.
A Spare Set of German WW2 Gas Mask Lenses In original paper packet.
A Special Operations Australian Bolo Machete, Used By Australian Commando In issue leather scabbard, marked [in crude hand paint] 'Z' and maker stamped and dated 1940. Used in Borneo and New Guinea. Bears the blade maker mark of Martindale Birmingham England and Crocodile logo, and in it's original leather riveted form fitted scabbard. Martindale is one of the best makers of such weapons. The knife is made of high carbon steel and it is razor sharp to the tip. It measures 20 inches long [out of scabbard] with 14.8 inch blade (tip to grip along the spine). The handle is secured with five large rivets. This is a most practical knife not excessively heavy and well balanced. The condition is used, otherwise near excellent throughout. This is a very nice example of an Australian WW2 use Special Operations jungle knife, that no doubt saw a lot of distinguished service by a brave Aussie that very fortunately survived the dreadful privations and conditions fighting the Japanese in the jungles and islands of the Pacific theatre.
A Spectacular 18th Century Russian Market Silver Pistol With Niello Mounts 18th century made for the Caucasian market with niello enamel silver mounts, that were predominantly made by Russian silversmiths, for all manner of decorative arts and objets d'art, from jewellery to sword and pistol fittings. Niello work was also made in the Caucasian region, into the Ottoman Empire, but often for high quality items destined for the Russian market. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Spectacular 1920's, 'Zeppelin' Airship Cocktail Shaker & Travelling Bar Only the second we have had in the past 10 years. Stunning, original Art Deco piece, Possibly by JA Henkels of Solingen [although unnamed]. DRGM marked and marked, Made in Germany. There are 13 pieces, including; gondola, three stacking cups, a corkscrew and cover, a gin tankard flask, a full shaker, with lid, and condiment container. All pieces are plated on their interior in 24k gold. It's brilliantly engineered and constructed, the pieces fitting together to form a Zeppilin Airship model, with hand-in-glove precision. Overall length, 12 inches. This example is in superb original condition. The nickel finish is original but worn. "The Zeppelin Airship cocktail shaker and traveling bar" Circa. 1928 silver-plated brass 4 inches wide x 12 inches high. A near identical example, by the same maker, made in the the same year, was sold at auction. It was an identical, but a complete eighteen-piece set including four nesting spoons, four nesting cups, removable flask, and with an original, leather case. Signed the same with the impressed manufacturer mark to underside: [Germany D.R.G.M.]. Signed with impressed [Germany]. Estimated 7,000 to 9,000 dollars, Sold for $23,750 dollars US. In Wrights Modern And Contemporary Design Auction, in Illinois October 2012 Provenance: Private collection, Los Angeles Literature: Modernism: Modernist Design 1880-1940, Duncan, pg. 187. Link to the $23,000 auction example; [copy and paste] http://www.wright20.com/auctions/view/OMXD/OMXE/285/lotno_asc/none/OOJE/
A Spectacular Peninsular War Rifles Officer's Battle & Dress Sword A stunning sword, a variant of the 1803 GR cypher hilted sword with lion pommel, but the most scarce pierced Light Infantry Bugle half basket. Fully engraved blade with royal cypher and coat of arms with motto. Blade with old edge cuts and edge losses. This sword has spent two full days being professionally cleaned and conserved as it had been left undisturbed for likely 150 years. During the Peninsular War officer's assigned to the Light companies often felt they required a better sword than the thin, straight bladed, standard 1796 infantry officer's sword prevalent at the time. The GR cypher 1803 slotted hilt sabre became, for many officer's, the sword of choice, but to those that had the funds, and the inclination, there was another option. Have a sword custom made, based on the blade of the hugely effective and popular 1796 light dragoon officer's sabre, but with a more suitable and stylish hilt. This is one of those very swords. It has a glorious copper gilt hilt with reeded ivory grip with great individual style and finesse of the highest quality. This is simply a stunning piece of architecture in the body of a sword. The Light Infantry were units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The most famous regiments of Light Infantry of this era was the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. No scabbard.
A Standard 1840's Boxlock Percussion Pocket Pistol Good working action, Birmingham proofs to barrel. Walnut grips with diamond edge carving and hand cut monogram across the back of the grip. A sound and effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's currrent rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland].
A Standard French 'Gladius' Short Sword. Based on Ancient Roman Gladiator's Swords. Made and used from 1831, later in the 1850's, in the Crimean War, during the reign of Emperor Napoleon IIIrd, against Russia alongside their allies the British. Swords of this type were also sold by France, to the US Union, for use in the Civil War as a sword for artillerymen to protect the guns.
A Stunning 1796 British Infantry Officer's Sword. With single edged blade with very fine engraving of the Kings cypher and Royal Crest. 95% of the original mercurial fire gilt to the hilt and a silver wire bound grip. No scabbard, quillon lacking. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars, and the American War of 1812.
A Stunning 1840 Early 6 Shot Revolver, Resembling the Colt Navy A most remarkable example of a most scarce revolver. Serial number '2', this is only the second example made from a very small production run revolver, that is so similar to the later Colt Navy it's extraordinary. The back half of the revolver is evolved from the 1830's pepperbox revolver, and the combination has produced a remarkably advanced pistol that Colt may have seen and developed into his Colt Navy and Army pistol designs. This gun is almost certainly by Hoist of Belgium and this is only the second we have owned in around 35 years. During the Civil War both protagonists required huge quantities of arms, and frankly, neither side could fulfill the required manufactured quantity, especially the South. Contractors were sent by both sides to scour Europe for arms, and Britain and Belgium became the dominant suppliers. This pistol is from the latter country. A jolly interesting and intrigueng arm used in the most fascinating period of American 19th century history. Excellent fully operational action. There are few surviving in the US in private collections. 11.5 inches long. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Stunning 18th Century Indian Ivory Inlaid Damascus Barrel Matchlock With most elegant lines, a light musket with a finest Damascus steel twist barrel, chisseled steel lock and mounts, with carved ivory panels of décor. Circa 1770. This is a simply delightful long gun with fine lines and finest workmanship. 64 inches overall
A Stunning 19th Century Swept Hilt Long Saxon Rapier, With Gilt Bronze Hilt A beautiful sword in the manner of a Royal Rapier, after master sword maker Juan Martinez of Toledo, maker to the King of Spain. A similar style sword was made for the Elector of Saxony in 1606 and sold by the Saxon Royal Collection in 1970, and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The hilt is of chisseled gilded bronze with a long elegant and beautifully crafted blade [95cm long] gilded bronze mounted scabbard over leather. The leather is now quite worn and areas of old repair. The design and form is typically in the stunning 17th century baroque style, in both extravagance and beauty. We believe it was made to be used by such as the world's greatest actors of the 18th or 19th Century, such as David Garrick. His portrayal of the great Shakespearian Kings, such as King Richard IIIrd, were dressed with magnificent extravagance with costumes, sets and weaponry that were recreated with skill, beauty and style with no expense spared. It may also have been made as a presentation piece or gift for a famous [albeit unknown today] individual. Around 90% of all the original gilt remains. Overall length 116cm long.
A Stunning and Most Beautiful Katana Signed Unshi Moritoshi We specialise in samurai weapons from all the great eras of samurai history. Yet the last century of the samurai, the 19th, had some of the finest swords made in all their history. We show this fine sword from the late era, from before the Satsuma rebellion [that effectively saw the end of the samurai era forever] to show just how fine and wonderful a senior ranking samurai katana could be. A typical and very fine samurai shibui battle sword worthy of a most senior ranking samurai, of the era of Emperor Komei who was the fourth son of Emperor Ninko and his consort Tsuneko Fujiwara. Komei's Imperial family lived with him in the Dairi of the Heian Palace. The family included six children, four daughters and two sons; but the future Emperor Meiji was the only one to survive childhood. The Komei principal consort was Asako Kujo. This sword would have seen service in the era of the Mito rebellion. Mito bakumatsu soran, also called the Kanto Insurrection or the Tenguto Rebellion was a civil war that occurred in the area of Mito Domain in Japan between May 1864 and January 1865. It involved an uprising and terrorist actions against the central power of the Shogunate in favour of the Sonno Joi ("Revere the emperor, expel the barbarians") policy The swords master smith was Unshi Moritoshi who was an exemplary student of Chounsai Tsunatoshi. A fine substantial blade now repolished. The mounts are all in battle black including the black coloured same and black lacquered menuki. The fushi is superb in patinated copper decorated with a pure gold parasol and banner. The province within which he worked work was Suo. The starting era of his working life was Koka (1844-1848) the end in the Era Bunkyu (1861-1864) His active period was 1844-1864. Tsunatoshi's working period was 1830-1844 his School was the Suishinshi Masahide and his father was Kunihide. The family name was Kato and he was born around 1800. He was the son of Dewa (no) Kuni Kunihide and he was the younger brother of Kato Tsunahide. The Kato family smiths were originally from Yonezawa in Dewa. Tsunatoshi was called Kato Hachiro. He has dated works from around 1823 that he made at Azabu, Edo where he did most of his work. He received the title of Chounsai in Ansei Gannen (1854). He handed down this title to his son, Koretoshi, in 1856 and took the new title of Chojusai for himself. It is said that he received a stipend from the Uesugi Clan. He died at the age of 66 on the fifth day of December 1863. Tsunatoshi's sword making group prospered greatly in Edo (Tokyo). He and his students greatly excelled in the making of Bizen style swords. His skill was great enough to surpass the famous sword-making group led by Suishinshi Masahide. One of the most famous of all Shinshinto sword smiths, Koyama Munetsugu, is said in some reference books to have been a student of Chounsai Tsunatoshi. Others have Munetsugu as a contemporary of Tsunatoshi's and a student of his older brother Tsunahide. [akn. F. Weissberg]. Woodblock print in the gallery by Utagawa Kuniteru depicting Mito rebels under the "Sonno Joi" banner battling the shogunal army in Tsukuba. Total 41.5 inches, blade 27.5 inches
A Stunning Antique Indonesian Silver Mounted Kris Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A very good and rare example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. It has a beautifully tooled silver sheath and a plain silver pendoko or ferrule completes the wonderful fittings. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. Condition: Very good condition. Krises are traditionally made without any date stampings or engravings of the makers' name. Although a kris smith or "empu" has his own styles configured together with the dapor and especially the ganjar (cross piece). Obvious age wear and tear, usage, familiarity with forms, motifs and designs, origin and history, mediums and materials used are our guidelines in determining an approximate age. This particular pieces blade, from our experience and knowledge, should go back to 18th century or even earlier.
A Stunning British Mid 19th British Hussars & Lancer's Marmaluke One of the most distinctive and beautiful swords ever worn by British cavalry officer's in the 19th century. Made by in 1850 by Lambert Brown and Co of London and Dublin, this is a stunning mamaluke sword, in excellent condition for It's age, and used by an Hussars or Lancer Officer in the Crimean War era. A most similar pattern to the British General's pattern mamaluke that has a gilt brass hilt. A simply stunning and beautifully etched blade with rolls of scrolling acanthus leaves and fine Stands-of-Arms, depicting Lances Cannon Drums Swords and Trumpets. Ivory hilt with fine facetted iron rivets. Steel cross quillons and steel combat scabbard. The British dress regulations of 1822 were specifically directed toward lancer officers, who had apparently already been wearing versions of these mameluke sabres since 1816. Robson ("Swords of the British Army" p.69) notes that officers of light dragoons (forerunners of lancer regiments) had been wearing these since as early as 1805. Also noted are comments by British general Mercer, "...generals and our field officers seemed to wear what they pleased and after the Egyptian campaign (1801) the mameluke sabre was quite the rage".
A Stunning Colonial Walking Stick of Carved and Turned Horn A heavy quality stick of most attractive form and fine quality.
A Stunning Crimean War Elite Household Cavalry Officer's Silver Pouch In absolute pristine condition. Quite simply a piece of beautiful object d'art from the most beautiful and finest quality military uniform ever worn. Hallmarked London silver, dated 1855. Rectangular curved box with silver lid, with cast silver supports and rings and lined with silver wire bullion bands. Box covered in tooled black leather lining with morocco red leather trim. The silver cover bears an engraved acanthus leaf border, bearing at it's centre the Household Cavalry badge, of a gilt, crowned garter star, emblazoned with royal motto "Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense", and the central relief VR cypher of Queen Victoria. The British Household Cavalry is classed as a corps in its own right, and now consists of two regiments: the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons combined). They are the senior regular regiments in the British Army, with traditions dating from 1660, and act as the Queen's personal bodyguard. The regiments are Guards regiments and form Britain's Household Division with the five Foot Guards regiments. For example, The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) trace their origins back to a troop of horse raised by King Charles II in 1661 to form part of the garrison at Tangier, which was part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza. They became Dragoons on their return to England in 1683. The term dragoon derived from the 'dragon', a musket suitable for mounted infantry. They received the battle honour Tangier, the oldest battle honour carried on standards, guidons and colours in the British Army. The Royals, as they were known, then served in The War of the Spanish Succession, The War of the Austrian Succession and in the Spanish Peninsula before distinguishing itself at the Battle of Waterloo where they captured the French 105th Infantry Regiment's Colours. The eagle that topped the Colour, with the number 105, still forms part of the Regiment's crest today and is worn on our uniforms. The latter half of the nineteenth century saw them in action in the Crimea. This pouch is an absolute gem and from the highest order and rank of British cavalry, occasionally if one perseveres one can find the volunteer officers pouches, and now and again a nice Hussars example, but this Household Cavalry piece is very rare indeed and all the better as it was made in the early Victorian Crimean War period. The 1st Royal Dragoons took part in the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava. ‘It was truly magnificent; and to me who could see the enormous numbers opposed to you, the whole valley being filled with Russian cavalry, the victory of the Heavy Brigade was the most glorious thing I ever saw.’ A French general addressing Colonel Beatson, 25 October. 7.5 inches x 3.5 inches x 1.75 inches deep at the curve. 8.75 ounces weight total.
A Stunning Early Yataghan Sword with Gold Onlaid and Ivory Hilt, Islamic Antique 18th -19th century Turkish Ottoman Sword Yatagan with a characteristic ear shaped hilt. The hilt is made of two large pieces of finely carved ivory mounted in gold overlaid metal, decorated with a typical Balkan raised flower head design which extends down the blade, with pyramidical knobs on the pommel area. The ivory is most likely walrus, but, it may also be mammoth, as several we have seen in the past 40 years have mammoth ivory hilt's, carved from tusks imported at the time from Eastern Russian traders. A very fine recurved single edged blade with a narrow fuller ornamented with Islamic silver maker's calligraphic panels, and likely an AH date. REFERENCES: 1) Janissary – "History Symbols Weapons" by G.E.Vvedensky. 2) "Zbirka Jatagana" by Dora Boskovic. 3) "Les Armes Blanches du Monde Islamic" by Alain Jacob. 4) "The Janissaries" by David Nicolle. The Yatagan was the favourite sword of the Janissaries and was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Ukraine and Hungary. The ivory has some cracking
A Stunning Japanese Samurai Half Armour.Composite 17th Century Do and Menpo Full Do, front and back & plates [laced]. Court Cap style Kabuto Helmet in Red Lacquer skull over iron with laced and lacquer neck defences.Lacquer over iron Menpo.17th Century Do and Menpo. Arms with mail.
A Stunning Napoleonic British Presentation Grade Hussar Officer's Sabre This is without doubt the sword of an officer of great wealth, status and standing. A fabulous gilt bronze horse's head hilted sword with ivory grip and hussar sabre blade. We had a near identical sword once before recently, but closer to it's original state, with an engraved blade [with hussar on horseback], and it's scabbard. This sword has a plain blade and no scabbard or chain guard, but, wha is complete, is very fine indeed. We show, as example, photos of the other complete identical sword that we had earlier, and that was sold at almost three times this price. We also show in our gallery just such a sword as carried with typical joie de vivres as displayed by dandy officers and gentlemen at during the Napoleonic Wars. Hussars of the Napoleonic Wars The hussars played a prominent role as cavalry in the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815). As light cavalrymen mounted on fast horses, they would be used to fight skirmish battles and for scouting. Most of the great European powers raised hussar regiments. The armies of France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia had included hussar regiments since the mid-18th century. In the case of Britain four light dragoon regiments were converted to hussars in 1806–1807. Hussars were notoriously impetuous, and Napoleon was quoted as stating that he would be surprised for a hussar to live beyond the age of 30 due to their tendency to become reckless in battle, exposing their weaknesses in frontal assaults. The hussars of Napoleon created the tradition of sabrage, the opening of a champagne bottle with a sabre. Moustaches were universally worn by Napoleonic period hussars, the British hussars were the only moustachioed troops in the British Army—leading to their being taunted as being "foreigners" at times. French hussars also wore cadenettes, braids of hair hanging either side of the face, until the practice was officially proscribed when shorter hair became universal. The uniform of the Napoleonic hussars included the pelisse: a short fur edged jacket which was often worn slung over one shoulder in the style of a cape, and was fastened with a cord. This garment was extensively adorned with braiding (often gold or silver for officers) and several rows of multiple buttons. Under it was worn the dolman or tunic which was also decorated in braid. The hussar's accoutrements included a Hungarian-style saddle covered by a shabraque, a decorated saddlecloth with long pointed corners surmounted by a sheepskin
A Stunning Prussian, 25 Year Gold Medal In Gilt Bronze With original silk ribbon. In superb pristine coindition awarded in WW1.
A Stunning Russian Cold War Era Poster Original poster with interesting subject matter of medal of a Hero of the Soviet Union. This is one of a collection of Russian USSR posters we have acquired from the estate of an ex British Glider Pilot of WW2. This poster is folded and in condition as seen in the photos. Dated 1968 38 inches x 22 inches. This poster is a real and used item, not just for show, would look super nicely framed
A Stunning Shinto Katana By Owari Takayama Kanetake Full Polished Blade Early Shinto, circa 1600. The blade has a full length hi, and lacquered in red, the blade has been repolished and looks beautiful. The mounts [fushi and menuki] are very nicely chiselled Goto school flowers in patinated copper and gold. The tsuba is Edo in iron with inlaid copper flowers. A delightful sword in completely original Edo period fittings, including the lacquered saya, which has lain untouched for 150 years.
A Stunning Silver Mounted Caucasian Flintlock Decorated With Coral Fine flintlock with superb engraving. The barrel has a fine Islamic maker's seal stamp. The spring is very good and the action now excellent after servicing. This is a fine 18th century piece, used by the Cossacks and horsemen of the Ottoman Empire. They were also popular thoroughout Europe during the Napoleonic Wars.
A Stunning Solid Silver Gilt George III Small Sword Circa 1770 Hallmarked Silver Dated 1763 by William Kinman of London. Colishmarde bladeblade etched with scrollwork over the forte (rubbed), silver hilt finely cast and chased with boldly writhen borders and scrollwork, comprising oval dish-guard struck twice with the maker`s mark (indistinct), a pair of quillons, arms, knuckle-guard with scrolling terminal, and spirally fluted oval pommel, the grip with chased silver collars and later wire binding. William Kinman was a leading member of the Founders Company of London was born in 1728 and is recorded as a prominent silver hilt maker. He is recorded at 8 Snow Hill for the last time circa 1781, is recorded circa 1728-1808, see L. Southwick 2001, pp. 159-160. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation, (including perhaps most notably, that of Alfred Hutton). Militarily, small swords continued to be used as a standard sidearm for infantry officers. In some branches with strong traditions, this practice continues to the modern day, albeit for ceremonial and formal dress only. The carrying of swords by officers in combat conditions was frequent in World War I and still saw some practice in World War II. The 1913 U.S. Army Manual of Bayonet Drill includes instructions for how to fight a man on foot with a small sword. Small swords are still featured on parade uniforms of some corps. As a rule, the blade of a small sword is comparatively short at around 0.6 to 0.85 metres (24 to 33 in), though some reach over 0.9 metres (35 in). It usually tapers to a sharp point but may lack a cutting edge. It is typically triangular in cross-section, although some of the early examples still have the rhombic and spindle-shaped cross-sections inherited from older weapons, like the rapier. This triangular cross-section may be hollow ground for additional lightness. Many small swords of the period between the 17th and 18th centuries were found with colichemarde blades. The colichemarde blade configuration is widely thought to have been an invention of Graf von Königsmark, due to the similarity in pronunciation of their names. However, the first blades of this type date from before the Count's lifetime. The colichemarde first appeared about 1680 and was popular during the next 40 years at the royal European courts. It was especially popular with the officers of the French and Indian War period. George Washington had one. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practicing fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. A descendant of the colichemarde is the épée, a modern fencing weapon. With the appearance of the pocket pistol as a self-defence weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling.[clarification needed] Popularity of the colichemarde declined when rapiers went out of fashion, the advantage of the colichemarde being that it was faster and more maneuverable than the rapier but with a wide forte to help parry the heavier rapier blade. As small swords evolved into even smaller, lighter weapons, the colichemarde was suddenly at the same disadvantage as the rapier had been when the colichemarde was introduced, and a wider forte was of no advantage against lighter small swords.
A Stunning, 17th Century English Rapier, Circa 1625 Worthy of any fine private or museum collection. Identical in form to Rembrandt's rapier, that he wore in his self portrait study in 1635. A fine chiselled steel hilt of slender bars, comprising scrolling quillon, cup-guard pierced and chiselled with a series arches, knuckle-guard interrupted by a double volute moulding, surmounted by a fluted lemon pommel. Diamond form double edged blade, 41 inch long to quillon block. A rapier is a slender, sharply pointed sword, ideally used for thrusting attacks, used mainly in Early Modern Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. The word "rapier" generally refers to a relatively long-bladed sword characterized by a complex hilt which is constructed to provide protection for the hand wielding it. While the blade might be broad enough to cut to some degree (but nowhere near that of the wider swords in use around the Middle Ages), the long thin blade lends itself to thrusting. The blade might be sharpened along its entire length or sharpened only from the centre to the tip (as described by Capoferro). Pallavicini, a rapier master in 1670, strongly advocated using a weapon with two cutting edges. A typical example would weigh 2.2 lb and have a relatively long and slender blade of .98 in or less in width, 39 in or more in length and ending in a sharply pointed tip. In England the use of this sword for defence and duelling would have been instructed by such as Joseph Sweetnam.In his 1617 fencing treatise, "The Schoole of the Noble and Worthy Science of Defence", Joseph Swetnam represents himself as the fencing instructor for the then-deceased Prince Henry, who, after having read the treatise, urged Swetnam to print it—according to Swetnam. There is no record of his employment in Henry's service. The treatise itself is a manual detailing the use of the rapier, rapier and dagger, backsword, sword and dagger, and quarterstaff, prefaced with eleven chapters of moral and social advice relating to fencing, self-defense, and honor. Swetnam claims that his is the first complete fencing treatise authored by an Englishman. Swetnam is known for teaching a unique series of special guards (such as the fore-hand guard, broadwarde, lazie guard, and crosse guard), though his primary position is a "true guard", which varies slightly for each weapon. He advocates the use of thrusts over cuts and makes heavy use of feints. Swetnam favored fencing from a long distance, using the lunge, and not engaging weapons. His defenses are mostly simple parries, together with slips (evasive movements backward). Swetnam's fencing system has been linked both to contemporary Italian systems as well as the traditional sword arts of England; his guard positions resemble those of contemporary Italian instructors, but his fencing system appears structurally different, and more closely related to a lineage of English fencing. He is also distinctive in his advice to wound rather than kill an opponent. The last painting in the gallery shows Sir Thomas Pope, later, the Earl Of Down, with his near identical sword. The earl's sword bears the same fluted lemon pommel, multi wire grip with turk's head knots, and inverted curled quillons, and bowl.
A Stunning, Brass Cased German WW2 88mm Panzer and Cannon Shell Part of a superb WW2 German ordnance collection we have just been delighted to acquire. The Ultimate conversation piece for any home! The last pair of brass shell cases we had like this, we sold around four years ago to a Hollywood superstar. He often calls to say they are still his pride and joy, they sit astride of his grand fireplace at his home in Bel Air, and they never fail to amaze his friends. In remarkable near mint condition. Used by the Tiger Panzers, and the 88mm A/A Artillery Cannon. This has a high explosive detonating head. Profuse Waffenamt and maker code markings, early dated brass shell case dated 1936. A fantastic piece of great historical interest. To get an impression of the difference between the size and power of Allied shells against the German equivalent, in 1942 an Allied Tank Round was approximately the size of a Coca Cola bottle, the German Tank Shell was the size of a small child! Photos in the gallery show 88mm shells being loaded by a Tiger Tank.Due in large part to the effectiveness of the German 88mm gun, "Operation Battleaxe cost the British about 90 tanks...almost 1,000 men and the chance to restore morale through a desert victory," Richard Collier, The War in the Desert, (pg71). These German guns were produced in many guises. The Pak 43 was also mounted in German armored vehicles and this version was known as the 88 mm KwK 43. Versions of this gun were mounted in a number of German armored vehicles under different designations, including the Tiger II heavy tank (KwK 43 L/71) and several tank destroyers: the Hornisse/Nashorn (Pak 43/1), Ferdinand/Elefant (Pak 43/2), and Jagdpanther (Pak 43/3 and Pak 43/4). A few examples of the Tiger II-based Jagdtiger were also completed with the 88 mm weapon due to a shortage of the 12.8 cm Pak 44. Shell 37 inches long. Inert and safe, no restrictions to ownership, but only for sale to over 18's and not suitable to export.
A Stunning, Early 18th Century, Ivory & Silver Hilted Talisman Symbol Sword A Perfectly Charming and Delightful 18th Century Hunting Sword. Ivory hilt set with three silver headed rivets. Silver scroll end quillons. Long wide blade with rare mystical talisman symbols engraved throughout, including the profile head of the turbaned Grand Sultan [in the same manner as Sir Francis Dashwood's portrait pose]. In the form of a fine nobleman's hunting sword, primarily used [or intended] for personal protection, or for the coup de grace while hunting Boar or Wolf, however this example has a mystical symbolic blade usually associated with secret societies and those that believe blades with such designs granted the user special power over their enemies. We recently examined a sword with an identically designed blade [and most similar luxurious hilt] that was supposedly once owned by a member of Sir Francis Dashwood's Hellfire Club. The most famous Hellfire Club was founded by Sir Francis Dashwood MP, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Postmaster General, and Treasurer to King George III. King George III had six sons, all Freemasons, one of which, Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex became the first Grand Master of the new United Grand Lodge of England (founded in 1813) In his younger days, Sir Francis had joined the Society of Gentlemen of Spalding, whose members included leading Freemasons, especially the antiquarian and Chief Druid, Dr Rev William Stukeley. A leading Freemason in the Grand Lodge of London (now known as the United Grand Lodge of England), Stukeley's diary and papers are amongst the earliest sources on the subject of the UGLE. It was Stukeley who, in 1721, famously wrote in his diary, "I was the first person made a Freemason in London for many years. We had difficulty to find members enough to perform the ceremony!" Dashwood was a Rosicrucian and a Freemason. He was initiated in a Lodge in Florence, the Grand Master of which was Lord Raynard, son of the Chief Justice of England. In 1751, Dashwood founded The Order of St Francis, The Hellfire Club at Medmenham, which met in a former church renovated by Dashwood to represent the Solar Temple at Palmyra. Dashwood and his merry monks, which included one Benjamin Franklin, were not Satanists, but they were followers of the Pagan Mysteries. However, it cannot be denied that they supposedly indulged in quasi-Satanic rites This all came to an end in 1766, 10 years prior to the founding of the Order of the Illuminati in Bavaria, May 1st, 1776. The blade has small areas of pitting. When first we acquired this sword we paid little heed to the significance of the engraving, in regards to the style of the hilt. However we are most grateful to Dr. Schroeder for placing his research into the Hellfire Club's curiosities at our disposal. Naturally the engraving's context is purely subjective, and no known authoritative connection can be made at this time, but none the less it is a most fascinating piece and none can argue against it's beauty, quality and fascinating and unusual décor, occasionally to be seen on swords from later periods during the Reign of King George IIIrd, for example many swords of 10th Hussars, the regiment of the Prince of Wales had talisman blades.
A Stunning, Spanish, Napoleonic Peninsular Wars Period 18th Century Pistol Fine walnut stock with micro chequered butt. Fine chiselled steel mounts, beautifully engraved, converted percussion miquelet lock. The barrel has excellent gold inlaid maker marks, and the cross of St John armourers' stamps. This is a truly beautiful pistol, likely carried by an officer of the highest rank and position during the Wars with France in Spain. The Peninsular War[a] (1807–1814) was a military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its ally until then. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare. The years of fighting in Spain was a heavy burden on France's Grande Armée. While the French were victorious in battle, their communications and supplies were severely tested and their units were frequently isolated, harassed, or overwhelmed by partisans. The Spanish armies were repeatedly beaten and driven to the peripheries but time and again they would regroup and hound the French. This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had unwittingly provoked total war, to call the conflict the Spanish Ulcer The British force under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington guarded Portugal and campaigned against the French in Spain alongside the reformed Portuguese army. Allied to the British, the demoralised Portuguese army was reorganised and refitted under the command of General William Carr Beresford,[6] who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Portuguese forces by the exiled Portuguese royal family, and fought as part of a combined Anglo-Portuguese army under Wellesley. In 1812, as Napoleon embarked upon his disastrous invasion of Russia, a combined allied army under Wellesley pushed into Spain and took Madrid. Marshal Jean-de-Dieu Soult led the exhausted and demoralized French forces in a fighting withdrawal across the Pyrenees and into France during the winter of 1813-1814.
A Sudanese Kaskara, Imported German Blade The Sudanese sword with a straight 17th to 18th century imported blade, and leather wrapped hilt well known from the Mahdist campaigns and brought to England by soldiers that fought the Mahdi after the fall of General Gordon's besiegement at Khartoum. The swords were often thought to originate from the swords of the European Crusaders that traveled in North Africa in the 12th to15th centuries. The name Kaskara may come from the Baggara Arabs as the more normal name for sword in the Sudan is saif. During the Mahdist war Baggara Arabs in fact provided a large percentage of the Mahdist forces. The second in command to the Mahdi was in fact a Baggara - Abdallahi ibn Muhammad. Many Baggara Arabs moved to the regions of Omdurman and the central Sudan. It is quite possible other Muslims in the area speaking a Chadic language with kaskara or a variation of the term, also answered the Mahdi’s call.
A Suite of Edo Period [1599 to 1863] Wakazashi Koshirae [Fittings] Edo period Fushi Kashira and Saya, saya with small damage to bottom. Kashira of Shakudo, with a relief blossom decoration and with matching Minuki. These are Koshirae [fittings] only and without blades
A Super Antique Gold Prospector-Miner's 'Shovel Pick and Nugget' Brooch An original gold prospectors brooch. In Australia and in America's Wild West and Alaska [the '49ers] the gold prospectors would, on occasion, have made by jewellers fancy brooches to represent their gold strikes, and this is one of those. Beautifully designed and executed it has a gold prospector-miner's pick axe, crossed with a shovel and set with a gold nugget at the centre. There is a similar example in a national museum in Australia and in a few in the great museum collections in the US. Stamped 9ct, safety chain with spring mount. 52mm long. Two photos of similar brooches in the gallery. One from the National Museum of Australia, another from Cowan's sale in Ohio.
A Super Back-Action Percussion Overcoat or Travelling Pistol King George IV Circa 1830. Fine all steel mounts and octagonal hook breech barrel. Fine juglans regia walnut stock with chequered grip. Back action percussion lock. The whole pistol has a lovely patina and is really a most handsome fine quality piece. Waisted barrel with multigroove rifling. 11.5inch long overall, barrel 6.5 inches
A Super Blue and Gilt 1796 British Infantry Officer's Sword. With copper gilt hilt, siver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in this condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining, and in it's original scabbard. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades were commonly quite extensively decorated, often blued and gilt, but less than 1% of those with blue and gilt survive today in this condition.
A Super British Military Surgeon's Set, In Nickle Plated Campaign Cylinder With numerous tools, scissors clamps etc., and cases for needles and blades. One instrument lacking. Superbly engineered. Maker marked.
A Super English Civil War Era Cavalryman's Cuirass From Warwick Castle This armour would very nicely companion, our original, English lobster pot helmet. Item number 17925 [sold seperately]. A fine original English Civil War New Model Army cavalry trooper's cuirass direct from the Armoury of Britain's [and perhaps Europe's] greatest medieval castle. With the Warwick castle armoury inventory metal tag still affixed. With fine armourer's marks of the London Armourers Company [*see below] of the 'A' mark [for the Commonwealth], and also the helmet mark to the back plate. During the Civil War the Castle was besieged by the Royalists, they failed in their endeavours and they were captured and incarcerated within the castle dungeons. It certainly possible this armour was used in this conflict or later. William the Conqueror ordered the start of the building of Warwick in the 11th century, and by the 14th century the great Towers were completed. We consider ourselves very fortunate to have the opportunity to acquire some wonderful arms and weaponry from a small disposal from the Castle Armoury, in order to benefit the restoration of the Castle. In the year 1264, the castle was seized by the forces of Simon de Montfort, who consequently imprisoned the then current Earl, William Mauduit, and his Countess at Kenilworth (who were supporters of the king and loyals to the barons) until a ransom was paid. After the death of William Mauduit, the title and castle were passed to William de Beauchamp. Following the death of William de Beauchamp, Warwick Castle subsequently passed through seven generations of the Beauchamp family, who over the next 180 years were responsible for the majority of the additions made to Warwick Castle. After the death of the last direct-line Beauchamp, Anne, the title of Earl of Warwick, as well as the castle, passed to Richard Neville ("the Kingmaker"), who married the sister of the last Earl (Warwick was unusual in that the earldom could be inherited through the female line). Warwick Castle then passed from Neville to his son-in-law (and brother of Edward IV of England), George Plantagenet, and shortly before the Duke's death, to his son, Edward. Several Kings owned Warwick including King Henry VIIth, and Henry VIIIth, James Ist, and also Queen Elizabeth.* In 1322, in the reign of King Edward II, the Guild of St George of the Armourers was instituted, by ordinance of the City of London, which laid down regulations for the control of the trade. King Henry VI presented the Armourers with their first Royal Charter in May 1453. The New Model Army's elite troops were its Regiments of Horse. They were armed and equipped in the style known at the time as harquebusiers, rather than as heavily armoured cuirassiers. They wore a back-and-front breastplate over a buff leather coat, which itself gave some protection against sword cuts, and normally a "lobster-tailed pot" helmet with a movable three-barred visor, and a bridle gauntlet on the left hand. The sleeves of the buff coats were often decorated with strips of braid, which may have been arranged in a regimental pattern. Leather "bucket-topped" riding boots gave some protection to the legs. Regiments were organised into six troops, of one hundred troopers plus officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists (drummers, farriers etc.). Each troop had its own standard, 2 feet (61 cm) square. On the battlefield, a regiment was normally formed as two "divisions" of three troops, one commanded by the regiment's Colonel (or the Major, if the Colonel was not present), the other by the Lieutenant Colonel. Their discipline was markedly superior to that of their Royalist counterparts. Cromwell specifically forbade his men to gallop after a fleeing enemy, but demanded they hold the battlefield. This meant that the New Model cavalry could charge, break an enemy force, regroup and charge again at another objective. On the other hand, when required to pursue, they did so relentlessly, not breaking ranks to loot abandoned enemy baggage as Royalist horse often did One picture in the gallery shows Warwick Castle today [for information only, not included]
A Super Late Samurai Katana Blade, Possibly Taisho Era, Signed Perfect for bespoke fitting. Beautifully polished. We can, if required, refit and mount this sword with a plain, beautifully hand made bespoke shira saya mount [for around a further £320] or, with a full set of antique fittings, mounts and a bespoke hilt and scabbard. This blade would look so good mounted in Shira saya, or, naturally, it would make a wonderful sword bespoke mounted to personal taste and style. Blade length from Habaki to tip 27.25 inches. This blade is signed but the nakago is so corrupted as to be near unreadable apart from one kanji. The last photo in the gallery shows another previous sword mounted in a deluxe Shira saya with horn trim [a storage and display mount, at around £390] and fully remounted with old fittings, [for illustration only]
A Super Machine Gun Corps Pair [POW] With Photo's And Letter From The King A lovely pair of medals from one of the great services of WW1. Would look spectacular fully framed! With two photos of the recipient and a letter of thanks from King George Vth sent to liberated Prisoners of War. Medals in near mint condition small photo a little worn the original period blow up photo [10 x 12 inches] is very good indeed but with smalll scratches. On 2 September 1915 a definite proposal was made to the War Office for the formation of a single specialist Machine Gun Company per infantry brigade, by withdrawing the guns and gun teams from the battalions. They would be replaced at battalion level by the light Lewis machine guns and thus the firepower of each brigade would be substantially increased. The Machine Gun Corps was created by Royal Warrant on October 14 followed by an Army Order on 22 October 1915. The companies formed in each brigade would transfer to the new Corps. The MGC would eventually consist of infantry Machine Gun Companies, cavalry Machine Gun Squadrons and Motor Machine Gun Batteries. The pace of reorganisation depended largely on the rate of supply of the Lewis guns but it was completed before the Battle of the Somme in 1916. A Base Depot for the Corps was established at Camiers.There are many instances where a single well-placed and protected machine gun cut great swathes in attacking infantry. Nowhere was this demonstrated with more devastating effect than against the British army's attack on the Somme on 1 July 1916 and against the German attack at Arras on 28 March 1918. It followed that multiple machine guns, with interlocking fields of fire, were an incredibly destructive defensive weapon. The German army developed their Hindenburg Line, to which they withdrew in spring 1917, and relied greatly on machine guns for defence. The British copied this. In addition, both offensively and defensively, the MGC began to fire in co-ordinated barrages. The guns of the 2nd and 47th (London) Divisions fired an indirect barrage over the heads of their advancing infantry, and behind the German trenches (in other words, this was an interdiction barrage, to stop enemy attempts to reinforce or re-supply their front), during the Battle of Loos on 25 September 1915. This was possibly the first time an indirect fire tactic was borrowed from the artillery. Later, and certainly by the Battle of Messines in June 1917, machine gunners were also employing creeping barrages, with fire falling ahead of the artillery barrage to catch enemy troops moving to the rear. They would concentrate fire on specific targets, or sweep the enemy ground behind his front and support positions. Machine guns for these tasks were generally placed about 1000 yards behind the advancing infantry and were moved up as soon as the enemy positions were captured. Machinegun tactics had in fact, become more like those of the artillery than of the infantry. Photo of a Machine Gun crew near the Somme in 1916 wearing gas attack masks, and a Lewis gunner using it in it's anti aircraft capacity, and the London memorial for the Machine Gun Corps. Photos for information only not included. The letter text is as follows; Buckingham Palace 1918 The Queen joins me in welcoming you on your release from the miseries and hardships, which you have endured with so much patience and courage. During these many months of trail, the early rescue of our gallant officers and men from the cruelties of their captivity has been uppermost in our thoughts. We are thankful that this longed for day has arrived, and that back in the old Country, you will be able one more to enjoy the happiness of a home and to see good days among those who ansciously look for your return. [signed] GeorgeRI Written in blue pen on embossed paper, it is considered the first mass communication from a British monarch after it was reproduced and distributed using lithography. The photos of the soldiers in the trenches and the memorial are not included [for information only].
A Super Original Civil War Sharps and Hankins 4 Barrel Derringer .32 cal, with steel barrels steel frame and walnut grips. A Wonderful, small multi barreled Derringer pistol, that is a typical representation of the ingeneous skill and inventiveness that was inspiring the creation of incredible feats of ingenuity in the design of arms in mid 19th century industrial America and Great Britain. It has four slim barrels and a rotating firing mechanism that fires one bullet at a time through a trigger action. Sliding loading action, clear makers name and barrel address, carved wood grips. A fabulous and scarce multi shot Derringer made and used from the early part of the American Civil War and into the Wild West frontier era. The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Super Samurai Katana With Square Section Silver Bound Tsuba It is often associated with the ninja, in that the square section tsuba was their tsuba of choice. When featured in films they certainly appear to be that more usual form of sword guard. This is a most attractive and impressive sword by Kaneyoshi Circa 1550. Signed with unusual over lacquering to the signature. Dark brown lacquer saya, very fine bronze fittings. Good longish blade of elegant form 26 inch blade tsuba to tip
A Super Samurai Warrior's Horse's Bit Iron construction decorated with pierced Kiri clan mon designs. Circa 1700. Early Samurai horse bit's are certainly very rare and to have family crests in the design a most pleasing feature.
A Super Shinto Chisa Katana By Isa No Kami Minomoto Kanemichi The blade is in good polish showing a beautiful hamon. A very well rated master smith, Kanemichi, with the Chrysanthemum stamp above his name on the tang. This is the symbol of a title granted to him for his status as a master smith. Silver Koshirae [mounts] with very unusual and most charming original wrap, from the Edo era, decorated with a printed flower pattern. The Chisa Katana is a slightly shorter Katana highly suitable for two handed, or two sword combat, or, combat within enclosed areas such as castles or buildings. As such they were often the sword of choice for the personal Samurai guard of a Daimyo, and generally the only warriors permitted to be armed in his presence.Chisa katana, [Chiisagatana] or literally "short katana", are shoto mounted as katana. It is fair to say wakizashi are shoto which are mounted in a similar way to katana, but in this instance we are considering the predecessors of the daisho. In the transitional period from tachi to katana, katana were called "uchigatana", and shoto were referred to as "koshigatana" and "chiisagatana", in many cases quite longer than the later more normal length wakizashi. Daimyo were the most powerful feudal rulers from the 10th century to the 19th century in Japan. The term "daimyo" literally means "great name." From the shugo of the Muromachi period through the sengoku to the daimyo of the Edo period, the rank had a long and varied history. The term "Daimyo" is also sometimes used to refer to the leading figures of such clans, also called "lord". It was usually, though not exclusively, from these warlords that a shogun arose or a regent was chosen. Four lobed Mokko Gata form. Pierced Udenuki-ana Sukidashi rim. Pierced with Hitsu-ana and Kogai Hitsu-ana. The tsuba is the hand guard of a Japanese sword. It served several purposes. The tsuba balanced the sword. And it protected the hand of the sword holder from an attack by an enemy as well as from gliding into the sword blade. The third purpose was a more refined one. The Japanese tsuba developed into a kind of a status symbol for the sword owner.
A Super, Antique Bronze ' Horse Racing' Collectable Ideal for the gentleman or lady with a passion for Horse Racing or simply Horses. In fine bronze, a super desk, mantle or sidetable ornament. With a finely detailed relief design of a Horse Race, showing two race horses side by side with jockeys. With rear finger loop for holding.
A Super, Commando WW2 'Heroism, MID' Medal Group, with Original Bar Ribbon. 5 Medal group with bar and Mentioned In Despatches oakleaf. Mentioned in Despatches (MID) is a military award for gallantry. This in an interesting group but with one strange anomaly. 39/45 Star, Atlantic Star* with France and Germany Bar, Africa Star, Italy Star, War Medal with MID. However it's original court mounting has not the Atlantic Star, but a Burma Star fitted, with the Atlantic ribbon and Bar, and we can't really explain why. Was the Burma Star sent by the MOD in error? we have simply no idea, but it has been worn this way since issued, and is none the less a very interesting heroism group indeed. The 5 medal ribbon bar also has two rosettes [one on the Atlantic ribbon and another on the Africa ribbon]. Medal recipient not to be named.
A Superb & Original Late WW1 to 1920's RAF Recruitmant Poster From the earliest era of the formation of the RAF from the former Royal Flying Corps. A superb piece of memorabilia of WW1 to the 1920's, plus a wonderful piece of original WW1 artwork. Posters are now becoming passionately collectable and these wonderful WW1 British propaganda examples are still very affordable, and in many respects much undervalued compared to similar period movie posters that can now fetch many thousands of pounds. Although we are very rarely consider purely investment considerations in our line of country, we believe there is huge potential for investment in these wonderful art forms. Sold unframed. 18.5 x 27.5 inches
A Superb & Rare 1796 'Blue and Gilt' Royal Marines Officer's Sword A most scarce form of 1796 Marines Officer's pattern sword, that is distinctive due to it's grip of chequered ebony recognised as for use by the officers of Royal Marines. The 1796 Infantry sword will more usually have a silver wire grip, a silver foil wire pattern grip, or a plain or ribbed pale wood grip. The rarest of all are the chequered ebony and ivory grips, used by Marines officers [of middle and high rank respectively], and these swords are often likely made before 1796, when the sword was given it's pattern name. The hilt has much of it's original mercurial gilt remaining, and the blade is very beautifully engraved with much original blue and gilt still present. The scabbard is gilt metal and leather and the leather good for age but a couple of old contemporary strengthening in the leather. The Royal Marines were formed as part of the Naval Service in 1755. However, it can trace its origins back as far as 28 October 1664 when at the grounds of the Honourable Artillery Company "the Duke of York and Albanys maritime regiment of foot" was first formed up, when English soldiers first went to sea to fight the Spanish and prevent them from reaching the fortress of Gibraltar. The Royal Marines served throughout the Napoleonic Wars in every notable naval battle on-board the Royal Navy's ships and participated in multiple amphibious actions. One Royal Marine officer was killed on board the Victory at Trafalgar, Captain Charles Adair. Royal Marine Lieutenant Lewis Buckle Reeve was seriously wounded and lay next to Nelson after he [Nelson] was shot by a French matelot in the rigging. The Royal Marines have, for good reason, a proud history and unique traditions. Their colours (flags) do not carry individual battle honours in the manner of the regiments of the British Army but rather the "globe itself" as the symbol of the Corps. On 5 April 1755, His Majesty's Marine Forces, fifty Companies in three Divisions, headquartered at Chatham, Portsmouth, and Plymouth, were formed by Order of Council under Admiralty control. Initially all field officers were Royal Navy officers as the Royal Navy felt that the ranks of Marine field officers were largely honorary. This meant that the farthest a Marine officer could advance was to Lieutenant Colonel. It was not until 1771 that the first Marine was promoted to Colonel. This situation persisted well into the 1800s. During the rest of the 18th century, they served in numerous landings all over the world, the most famous being the landing at Bellisle on the Brittany coast in 1761. They also served in the American War of Independence, being particularly courageous in the Battle of Bunker Hill led by Major John Pitcairn. These Marines also often took to the ship's boats to repel attackers in small boats when RN ships on close blockade were becalmed. On February 14, 1779 Captain James Cook took with him the following Marines: Lt.Phillips; a Sgt; Corporal Thomas and seven Privates; besides Cook, four Marines-Corporal Thomas and three Privates Hinks; Allen, and Fatchett-were killed and 2-Lt Phillips and Private Jackson-wounded. In 1802, largely at the instigation of Admiral John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, they were titled the Royal Marines by King George IIIrd. This is the second time we have been most privileged to own this sword.
A Superb & Rare Colonial Era Anglo-American Shell Guard Naval Cutlass Circa 1740-1760 Period. Used in the Royal Navy and Pre-American Independence American Navy. Excellent condition in all respects. This is a truly rare, quite wonderful, original Anglo-American shell guard naval cutlass, with a 25" widely curved, unmarked, single fuller, single edge blade. The brass two bar Guard has a “shell” pattern guard with its thin knuckle bow, short downturned quillon and original octagon polished bone grip, with superb untouched natural age patination to both the brass and the carved grip. This historic cutlass measures 29.5” in overall length. It is near identical to examples found in “Swords & Blades of the American Revolution” by George C. Neumann, illustrated on pages 182 and 183. Swords of this form were used in both the British Royal Navy, by officers and men, and in the earliest American navy and their merchant ships, many decades before the regularised official patterns of swords and cutlasses were introduced in the early 19th century for both countries. An excellent and most highly collectible specimen.
A Superb 'Lovells Catch' Brown Bess Bayonet With Original Leather Scabbard Socket mount with Hanovarian or Lovells catch fitting. Original brass mounted leather scabbard. A very nice example of it's type.
A Superb 'Wild West' Smith and Wesson Revolver One of the greatest names in the world of American pistols. Smith and Wessons have been owned by all the greatest and infamous characters in Wild West history, such as Jesse James, Cole Younger, Bob Ford and Wyatt Earp. The Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2. [Second issue] with birds head butt and top strap cylinder stop. The 'second type' intermediate manufacture model between the Old Model No. 1 and the No 2 Model Army. With a considerable amount of original blue remaining. Good tight action and fine and clear Smith and Wesson address to barrel top strap with patent dates. Overall length 7.5 inches. Barrel 3.5 inches 32 Rimfire calibre. Small marks to barrel top strap.
A Superb 1796 Blue and Gilt Infantry Officer's Sword With copper gilt hilt, silver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with good remaining amounts of the finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in good condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades could be deluxe decorated with engraving, blue and pure gold decor, but less than 1% of those with finest blue and gilt blades survive today. The grip is silver but as yet completely unpolished to bright silver.
A Superb 17th to 18th Century, London, Ship or Fort Blunderbuss This blunderbuss is a true behemoth of a gun, not gentle or elegant [in fact with typical elements of 17th century crudity] but formidable, substantial and simply oozing power and presence. No man would fail to tremble at the sight of this gun's muzzle pointed his way. Made from around 1680 to 1710, it is probably the largest size of flintlock that a man could fire from the hip or shoulder without doing personal injury to the user. Any larger and it would have to have been mounted on a swivel and block. This gun has several distinctive features that determine it age. The lock has the early so-called 'banana' shape and the brass mounts are typically engraved with strawberry leaf influences typical of the late 17th century. The side plate is typical early pre military Land pattern type, in steel. Originally intended for military or maritime purposes, these arms can be traced to 1598, when Germany's Henrich Thielman applied for a patent for a shoulder arm designed for shipboard use to repel enemy boarders. The blunderbuss quickly became popular with the Dutch and English navies. England's growing maritime power seems to have fueled production of these short bell-barrel arms, which were useful during close-in engagements between warships by enabling marines clinging to ship's rigging to use them against the gun crews of opposing vessels. The barrels were of steel or brass and the furniture of the blunderbuss were typically made from brass, with stocks most commonly made from walnut. Other, less robust woods were sometimes used, but their tendency to shatter ensured that walnut would remain in widespread use as a stocking material. The blunderbuss played a role during the English Civil War of 1642-48, and these arms were widely used as a personal defense arm in England during the Commonwealth Period. The lack of an organized system of law enforcement at that time, coupled with the growing threat posed by highwaymen, placed the burden of protecting life and property in the hands of honest citizens. Although some blunderbusses bore the royal cipher of the Sovereign, they typically did not feature the Broad Arrow identifying government ownership or the markings of the Board of Ordnance. Several brass- and iron-barreled blunderbusses were captured from the forces of Lord Cornwallis upon the latter's surrender to the Continental Army at Yorktown, Virginia in the final land campaign of the American Revolution. This may well have been the very kind as used in that engagement. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. The stock on this gun, during the Georgian period, has been very slightly slimmed at the butt, possibly due to an armourer's field repair in it's working life, and surface wear to the finish. The specific history of this gun and it's makers are as follows; The Goves family also had a gunsmith who had a shop and traded in Ireland who died in 1767, and this specific gun was last recorded registered and used in Ireland, in County Tyrone, in 1843 and stamped on the gun twice accordingly. 32.5 inches long, 16.5 inch barrel
A Superb 1805 Second Pattern Baker Rifle Rifleman's Sword This sword is a jolly nice example of probably the most sought after, collectable, and most famous, issued rifle-sword of the British Army, made by Osborn and Gunby, ordnance marked with crown numbered inspection stamp for front line regimental issue. During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker rifle was made as the British Army replacement for the Jaeger Rifle, that had been purchased for the 60th Rifles, and used by the army's rifle regiment until a British version could be tried, tested, approved and issued. It was deemed and reported to be highly effective at long range, due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. However, In spite of its advantages, the rifle did not replace the standard British musket of the day, the venerable Brown Bess, but was instead issued exclusively to elite rifle regiments, manned by 'chosen men', the best shots in the army. These units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The rifle was fitted with this detachable, brass hilted sword, that was carried [when not fitted on the rifle's muzzle], on the rifleman's belt by means of a frog mount. These sword's of the Baker were used by what were considered elite units, such as the battalions of the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. Today the nobly deserved legend of 'King George's rifles' lives on in the British Army, with all due pride and distinction, in 'The Rifles' battalions of today, a merging of what was the Rifle Brigade and King's Royal Rifles, known as the 'Green Jackets'. They are serving with honour and valour, just as they always have, all around the world, and at present, with their usual incredible fortitude, in Afghanistan. A rifleman's edged weapon is, and must always must be referred to as a sword, despite fitting to the rifle as would a bayonet. This tradition continues to this very day, however dimunitive the rifleman's edged weapon is today [by comparison to the Baker sword], and woe betide anyone who refers to it as the, 'b' word. The Rifles will always have a special respect with us, as our former gunsmith and dearest friend of 50 summers, served with the KRR. The late and much lamented, 'Rifleman' Dennis Ottrey, of former WW2 D.Day service. Picture in the gallery of Major General Coote Manningham one of the founders of the Rifles regiments
A Superb 1890's ' Mahdist War Campaign', Mahdi Warrior's Shield [Gashan] Bought back to England by an officer in the 21st Lancers, from the Battle of Omdurman, and a young Winston Churchill rode alongside the 21st in the charge. The shield came with the Mahdist's sword but it is sold seperately. An identical shield is one of 20 special items, in the British Museum collection, entitled London, A World City in 20 Objects. The shield shows some deflected sword cuts in the central boss from a British cavalry sabre inflicted in the battle. The village of Omdurman was chosen in 1884 as the base of operations by the Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad. After his death in 1885, following the successful siege of Khartoum, his successor (Khalifa) Abdullah retained it as his capital. The battle began in the early morning, at around 6 a.m.. After the clashes of the previous day, the 8,000 men under Osman Azrak advanced straight at the waiting British, quickly followed by about 8,000 of those waiting to the north-west. It was a mixed force of riflemen and spearmen. The British artillery opened fire at around 2750 m and the Ansar forces were badly reduced before they even came into range of the Maxim guns and volley fire. The frontal attack ended quickly with around 4,000 Ansar casualties, none coming closer than 50 m to the British trenches. A flanking move from the Ansar right was also checked and there were untidy clashes on the opposite flank which scattered the Ansar forces there. Kitchener was anxious to occupy Omdurman before the remaining Ansar forces could withdraw there. He directed the army to advance on Omdurman. The army was ordered into columns and began the advance. The British light cavalry regiment, the 21st Lancers, was sent ahead to clear the plain to Omdurman. They had a tough time of it. The 400-strong regiment attacked what they thought to be a few hundred dervishes, but in fact were 2,500 infantry hidden behind these dervishes in a depression. After a fierce clash, the Lancers drove them back at some cost (three Victoria Crosses were awarded, for the loss of five officers, 65 men, and 120 horses, roughly one-fourth of their total manpower). On a larger scale, the British advance allowed the Khalifa to re-organize his forces. He still had over 30,000 men in the field and directed his main reserve to attack from the west while ordering the forces to the north-west to attack simultaneously over the Kerreri Hills. Kitchener's force wheeled left in echelon to advance up Surgham ridge and then southwards. To protect the rear, a brigade of 3,000, mainly Sudanese, commanded by Hector MacDonald, was reinforced with Maxims and artillery and followed the main force at around 1350 m. Curiously, the supplies and wounded around Egeiga were left almost unprotected. MacDonald was alerted to the presence of around 15,000 enemy troops moving towards him from the west, out from behind Surgham. He wheeled his force and lined them up to face the enemy charge. The Ansar infantry attacked in two prongs and MacDonald was forced to repeatedly re-order his battalions. The brigade maintained a punishing fire. Kitchener, now aware of the problem, "began to throw his brigades about as if they were companies".MacDonald's brigade was soon reinforced and the Ansar forces were forced back and finally broke or died where they stood. The Ansar forces to the north had regrouped too late and entered the clash only after the force in the central valley had been routed. They pressed Macdonald's Sudanese brigades hard, but the Lincolnshire Regiment was quickly brought up and with sustained section volleys repulsed the advance. A final desperate cavalry charge of around 500 men was utterly destroyed. The march on Omdurman was resumed at about 11:30. Winston Churchill was present at the battle and he rode with the 21st Lancers. He published an account in 1899 as "The River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan", which is the basis for this article. Present as a war correspondent for the Times was Col. Frank Rhodes, brother of Cecil, who was shot and severely wounded in the right arm. This shield is certainly Somali made. The shield maker would use a number of special hammers to apply embossed markings to the supple surface before allowing the hide to dry out completely. Despite their small size, Somali shields are extremely strong – and may be looked upon almost as offensive rather than defensive weapons. They had a very large hand grip which would allow the owner to push the shield up his arm when not in combat. Undoubtedly the significance of shields extended far beyond their purely functional capabilities. Possessing a fine, perfectly round and bleached white shield was an indication of a man’s standing in society.
A Superb 18th Century Carved Horn Pistol Flask In beautiful condition. With brass head rivets and wooden insert base. In superb condition. Powder flasks and powder horns were made to hold the gunpowder or shot used in antique firearms. A powder horn is lightweight, spark-proof, and should be waterproof if made well. The early examples were made of horn or wood; later ones were of copper or brass.
A Superb 18th Century Solid Silver Hilted Slotted Hilt EIC Cavalry Sabre Lion's head pommel, spiral turned ebony grip, with silver triple wire binding and two silver rivets. Slotted hilt with fretted, open diamond form insert. Long curved blade with clipped back tip. In overall superb condition. A typical sword as used by officers serving under Wellington in his EIC Army campaign against Tippu Sultan, and the fourth Mysore War. Fourth Anglo-Mysore War After Horatio Nelson had defeated François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers at the Battle of the Nile in Egypt in 1798, three armies, one from Bombay, and two British (one of which included Arthur Wellesley), marched into Mysore in 1799 and besieged the capital Srirangapatna in the Fourth Mysore War. There were over 26,000 soldiers of the British East India Company comprising about 4000 Europeans and the rest Indians. A column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad consisting of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry, and many soldiers were sent by the Marathas. Thus the soldiers in the British force numbered over 50,000 soldiers whereas Tipu Sultan had only about 30,000 soldiers. The British broke through the city walls, french Military advisers advised Tipu Sultan to escape from secret passages and live to fight another day but to their astonishment Tipu replied "One day of life as a Tiger is far better than thousand years of living as a Jackal". Tipu Sultan died defending his capital on 4 May. When the fallen Tipu was identified, Wellesley felt his pulse and confirmed that he was dead. Next to him, underneath his palankeen, was one of his most confidential servants, Rajah Cawn. Rajah was able to identify Tipu for the soldiers. Tipu was buried the next afternoon, near the remains of his father. In the midst of his burial, a great storm struck, with massive winds and rains. As Lieutenant Richard Bayly of the British 12th regiment wrote, "I have experienced hurricanes, typhoons, and gales of wind at sea, but never in the whole course of my existence had I seen anything comparable to this desolating visitation".
A Superb 19th Century Britannia Metal and Brass Mounted Pistol Flask A lovely flask, perfect for a set of cased pistols or a cased revolver etc. lacking a good flask. Excellent condition, with very good original gold lacquer finish to the brass. 4 inches long 2 inches across. Very small dent at the bottom on one side about 10mm x 5mm
A Superb 19th Century Malacca Sword Cane With A Wonderful Lacquer Patina One of the most subtly concealed sword canes we have seen in a long while. A completely plain looking cane with secreted button to released a very finely made scalloped blade. There is no obvious indication this is indeed a concealed weapon at all. A superb quality piece. The last one we had , that was, most unusually,exactly like it, was made for a British intelligence officer in the 1850's. Officer's travelling around the Empire and Europe would always need to bear a secreted, concealed arm, for obviously armed civilians would attract the wrong kind of attention, and a concealed weapon would be absolutely essential for protection. British intelligence and spying operations were created, by the universally agreed upon founder of espionage and the English secret service, Elizabeth I’s spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham. He faced a predicament shared by many of his successors; the need to combat both external and internal threats and the collaboration of the two. In the case of the Protestant Walsingham and his Protestant Queen, the unifying factor among their enemies was devotion to Catholicism. Walsingham battled this menace by recruiting agents at home and abroad and waging an aggressive campaign of counter-subversion. The Spanish recalling the ill-fated Armada and the depredations of Sir Francis Drake, speak of Perfida Albion, the Italians of Perfida Albione, and the Germans of Perfides Albion. In any language, it boils down to the same thing: the English displayed a special knack for professional underhanded behaviour and more that they were damned good at it. The notion that England possessed a special talent for deceit and underhandedness may be valid or not, but it has proved an effective and enduring one. After all, though the Empire is gone, the most famous intelligence officer in the world, James Bond, remains steadfastly British. The long list of historical figures who often stand accused by some of being Albion’s tools (whether they knew it or not) includes Christopher Marlowe, Benjamin Franklin, Karl Marx and Leon Trotsky, and those that definitely were, include Aleister Crowley, Harry Houdini, Benito Mussolini, Gracie Fields and Noel Coward. In the 19th century British Intelligence officers were more often than not based in the Empire in India, combating the so called 'Great Game' against the Czar's agents, and in Europe against the Kaiser's. It was for that purpose our last cane of this type was commissioned for an officer of the intelligence service and it is too similar in our opinion not to be connected in some way.
A Superb 19th Century Meiji Period Carved Whale Bone Handled Walking Stick A wonderful Japanese walking stich with a handle of a carved figure of Fukurokuju, one of the Japanese seven deities, the tall headed god of happiness, wealth and long life one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (“Seven Gods of Luck”), particularly associated with longevity. He is supposed to have once lived on earth as a Chinese Taoist sage. He is often depicted as an old man with a white beard, wearing a scholar’s headdress and sometimes accompanied by a stag. He carries a large stick to which is attached a scroll containing the world’s wisdom. The seven are drawn from various sources but have been grouped together from at least the 16th century. They are Bishamon, Daikoku, Ebisu, Fukurokuju, Jurojin, Hotei, and the only female in the group, Benten. The carving is beautifully executed and the figure has an most charming jolly smile. The collar is silver coloured metal and the shaft is finest mallacca wood terminated with a turned horn tip. Excellent condition overall
A Superb 19th Century Wild West Cased Remington Smoot Revolver 1870's Beautiful mahogany case with a wonderous patina, internally set with sectional divisions, and contains a small old labeled Remington cartridge box. Remington-Smoot New Model No. 1 Revolver Serial Numbered 1###. .30 RF Calibre 2¾" Barrel. The revolver retains about 95% of the original nickel finish with excellent hard rubber grips and tight action. Cased American Wild West era pistols are both hugely desireable and iconic of a era long past. Remington was, and is, one of the greatest and most famous names in the world of American guns. Remington was founded in 1816. Eliphalet Remington II believed he could build a better gun than he could buy. Farming communities in the region were famous for their diverse skills and self-sufficiency, and the winter seasons were used for crafts that provided goods for self-use and also for sale. Eliphalet's father was a blacksmith, and wanted to expand his business into rifle barrel production. Local residents often built their own rifles to save on costs, but purchased the barrel. Eliphalet's father sent him to a well-known barrel maker in a major city to purchase a barrel, with the mission of observing the barrel-making technique. At the time, the method was to heat and wrap long flat bars of iron around a metal rod of the caliber desired. By heating and hammering the coiled bars around the central rod, the barrel metal became fused into a solid cylinder, at which point the rod was pressed out. After the young man returned home, his family added a successful barrel making operation to his father's forge, in Ilion Gorge, New York. He began designing and building a flintlock rifle for himself. In the fall of that year, he entered a shooting match; though he only finished second, his well-made gun impressed other shooters. Before Eliphalet left the field that day, he had received so many orders from other competitors that he was now officially in the gunsmithing business. By 1828, the operation moved to nearby Ilion, New York, at the same site which is used by the modern Remington firearms plant. In 1865, Remington incorporated into a stock company, and in 1873 began a new venture, producing Remington brand typewriters. Remington sold the typewriter business in 1886. The typewriter company eventually became Remington Rand, and the firearms business became Remington Arms Company. In 1888, Remington was purchased by Marcus Hartley and Partners, a major sporting goods chain who also owned the Union Metallic Cartridge Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The Bridgeport site became the home of Remington's ammunition plant. Only a few thousand of these were made. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb 19th Century, 'City Of London' Sword With Ivory Grip & Royal Crown With gilt and silvered hilt, bearing the ancient crest of the City of London, and the Royal Crown pommel. The blade is fully etched, though rather dark patinated. Maker marked from Chancery Lane. The form of sword as was worn by the former Lord Mayor's of London in the 19th century. A sword very rarely seen today, and what an absolute beauty.
A Superb 1st Royal Dragoons Hallmarked Silver Senior NCO Rank Badge Edward VIIth period. This silver arm badge was approved at the later period of Queen Victoria for wear on the uniform by the 1st Royal Dragoons senior NCOs as their badge of rank. 2.5 inches high 0.65 oz, Between 1884 and 1885, the 1st (Royal) Dragoons provided a contingent for service with the Heavy Cavalry Camel Corps in the expedition to relieve Gordon in Khartoum, and took part in the battle of Abu Klea. The outbreak of the First World War found the Regiment again in South Africa, where they had helped quell the Johannesburg riots of 1913, earning praise for their restraint and judgement in this unpleasant duty. By October 1914, The Royal Dragoons were in Flanders, where for a short time they saw service in their normal cavalry role, during the intense activity which preceded the First Battle of Ypres. Thereafter the Regiment saw little mounted service - at first, in their role of mobile reserve, they were available to man trenches in their sector wherever the need was greatest, and so had to keep their horses close at hand, thereby suffering severe casualties among the horse holders from shellfire. Although throughout the war it was hoped to force a gap for the Cavalry to exploit, The Royals were only able to use the arme blanche twice. The first occasion was in a small but brilliantly successful charge alongside the 10th Hussars. The other occasion was during the final Allied offensive in 1918, when the Regiment formed part of an advanced guard; trenches, craters and wire restricted them, for most of the time, to patrolling. Their last action in the war was a charge, clearing positions around Honnechy which had impeded the Allied advance. However, for the greater part of the war The Royal Dragoons did hard and uncongenial work in the trenches, and did it with distinction, even though not properly equipped for an infantry role. The Regiment fought at the first and second Battle of Ypres, at Loos in 1915, opposite the Hohenzollern line in 1916, and against the Hindenberg line in 1917.
A Superb Ancient Nambokochu Era Wakazashi Sword Circa 1300 to 1350 Around 700 years old this ancient samurai short sword is a joy to offer. The blade shows a very nice, typically early and popular in the 14th century, narrow hamon. The fushi kashira mounts are original Edo period and gold covered hammered shinchu. The iron sukashi tsuba is signed and likely of similar age vto the blade. The Edo menuki are gilded kinko plant heads. The saya is also Edo and decorated with crushed coloured abilone shell with a repeated triple overstripe décor. Single kodzuka pocket. A wakizashi sword was an irreplaceable weapon for a samurai. The tradition says that when entering a house or any other building, the samurai has to leave his katana with a servant, but the wakizashi could be worn at all times and places. This is why the wakizashi is often called the samurai's side arm. The wakizashi followed his master even when he went to sleep, because it was always near the bed. The wakizashi was carried along the thigh and was usually used with one hand; the other hand was used for the katana. The wakizashi proved to be very effective when the katana's length and weight made it hard to use. The wakizashi needs less force to use and it is more maneuverable. 14.5 inch blade tsuba to tip, overall in saya 21.25 inches long.
A Superb and Beautiful King George IVth Sword of Major General David Walker Before a General he was an officer in the 20th Foot, the Royal Corsican Rangers, and Lt Col. Of the 58th Foot. He served with distinction in the war with France, in the Expedition to Egypt in 1801 and the Siege of Alexandria, he further served in the Battle at Maida, the Peninsular War . A beautiful combat quality sword for a British Major General, David Walker. A beautiful sabre. All gilt brass mounts and steel scabbard with etched 'pipe-back' blade in near mint condition with much of the original mirror bright polish. The Gothic hilt has a pierced design of a crossed General's baton and sabre within a crown wreath of oak leaves and acorns, the symbol of General's rank in the British armed forces. The grip is triple wire bound fish skin. Major General Walker, David (17** - 1840) Ensign 20th Foot 1787, Lieutenant 20th Foot 1791, Captain-Lieutenant 20th Foot 1794, Captain 20th Foot 1795, Major 20th Foot 1800, Lieutenant Colonel Royal Corsican Rangers 1807, Lieutenant Colonel 58th Foot 1809, Brevet Colonel 1814, Major General 1821. Retired with stationary rank 1827. Early Service: Ireland 1787-1788, British North America 1789-1791, West Indies 1792-1795, Helder 1799, Minorca 1800 and Egypt 1801, Malta 1802-1804, Sicily 1805-1811 and Maida 1806. Peninsular War: on East Coast of Spain 1812-1814 and a brigade at Castalla 1813. He temporarily commanded the 15th Brigade in France 1815. 15th British Brigade: Formed 7 September and commanded, temporarily, by Brevet Colonel David Walker, 58th Foot. In July 1805, the Royal Corsican Rangers took part in a British expedition to Sicily and Naples. On 4 July 1806, three companies of the regiment took part in the Battle of Maida, which ended with a British victory. From the end of 1806 to 1808, the Rangers were stationed on Capri, where Hudson Lowe was appointed commander of the garrison. In 1808, French and Neapolitan forces under Joachim Murat, the King of Naples imposed by the French, attacked the island and conquered it after a severe fight. Some of the Rangers deserted rather than fight Corsicans in French service, but others distinguished themselves. Lowe was forced to capitulate, but his forces were allowed to depart with full military honours. The next year, the regiment took part in an expedition to the Ionian Islands under General Sir John Stuart. By this time, the regiment was commanded by its former second in command, Lieutenant Colonel John McCombe. On 30 September, 600 troops from the regiment, led by Colonel Lowe (who was appointed second in command to Major General John Oswald, the commander of the division), captured Zakynthos from its outnumbered French garrison without fighting. Detachments participated in the capture of other islands of Kefalonia, Ithaca and Kythira. Our researcher has spent considerable time researching the history of the most fascinating early 19th century British General officer who commissioned this sword to be made.
A Superb And Fine Quality Edo Era Tsuba Of A Seated Sage Takebori carved figure decorated in pure gold and silver and gold ivy leaves and tendrils. Round iron plate. Copper sekigane. The tsuba is usually a round, ovoid or occasionally squarish guard at the end of the tsuka of bladed Japanese weapons, like the katana and its various declinations, tachi, wakizashi, tanto, naginata etc. They contribute to the balance of the weapon and to the protection of the hand. The tsuba was mostly meant to be used to prevent the hand from sliding onto the blade during thrusts as opposed to protecting from an opponent's blade. The chudan no kamae guard is determined by the tsuba and the curvature of the blade. The diameter of the average katana tsuba is 7.5–8 centimetres (3.0–3.1 in), wakizashi tsuba is 6.2–6.6 cm (2.4–2.6 in), and tanto tsuba is 4.5–6 cm (1.8–2.4 in). During the Muromachi period (1333–1573) and the Momoyama period (1573–1603) Tsuba were more for functionality than for decoration, being made of stronger metals and designs. During the Edo period (1603–1868) tsuba became more ornamental and made of less practical metals such as gold. Tsuba are usually finely decorated, and are highly desirable collectors' items in their own right. Tsuba were made by whole dynasties of craftsmen whose only craft was making tsuba. They were usually lavishly decorated. In addition to being collectors items, they were often used as heirlooms, passed from one generation to the next. Japanese families with samurai roots sometimes have their family crest (mon) crafted onto a tsuba. Tsuba can be found in a variety of metals and alloys, including iron, steel, brass, copper and shakudo. In a duel, two participants may lock their katana together at the point of the tsuba and push, trying to gain a better position from which to strike the other down. This is known as tsubazeriai pushing tsuba against each other
A Superb Antique Barong. An Indonesian Warriors Short Sword. Leaf shaped watered blade, showing superb tempered grain and structure. The hilt has a “cockatoo beak” (kakatua) handle. Silver band with mother of pearl decoration. Rattan bound scabbard with mother of pearl bottom mount.During it's life some of the rattan has been lost and the bottom mount reaffixed.
A Superb Antique Keris With Singularly Beautiful Blade of Meteorite Steel An old Bali keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade bearing pamor wos wutah. The old wrongko is the batun form in the South Bali style, it is made from an outstanding piece of timoho. The old bondolan hilt is from well patterned timoho wood and is fitted with an old wewer set with pastes. This keris displays impeccable blade quality in a scabbard of beautifully marked timoho wood and is an outstanding example of the Balinese keris. Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colors of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern.
A Superb Boxer Rebellion Chinese Dao Short Sword, Ching Dynasty A very artistically designed but immensely effective and powerful sword whose origins go way back into the Ming Dynasty, and it's similar ancester [but a longer sword] known as the Huya Dao, the 'Tiger Tooth Sword'. A photo in the gallery shows a contemporary group of Boxers in Peking during the seige of the legations, and the Boxer in the fore front is carrying the very same kind of sword, with it's highly distinctive ring handle. The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement was a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement called the "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" in China, but known as the "Boxers" in English. The main 'Boxer' era occurred between 1898 and 1901. This fascinating era was fairly well described in the Hollywood movie classic ' 55 Days in Peking' Starring Charlton Heston and David Niven. The film gives a little background of Ching Dynasty's humiliating military defeats suffered during the Opium Wars, Sino-French War and Sino-Japanese war or the effect of the Taiping Rebellion in weakening the Ching [Qing] Dynasty. However, situations in which the various colonial powers exerted influence over China (a great source of outrage that drove many Chinese to violence) are alluded to in the scene in which Sir Arthur Robinson and Major Lewis visit the Empress after the assassination of the German minister. * Dowager Empress - "….the Boxer bandits will be dealt with, but the anger of the Chinese people cannot be quieted so easily. The Germans have seized Kiaochow, the Russians have seized Port Arthur, the French have obtained concessions in Yunnan, Kwan See and Kwantang. In all, 13 of the 18 provinces of China are under foreign control. Foreign warships occupy our harbours, foreign armies occupy our forts, foreign merchants administer our banks, foreign gods disturb the spirit of our ancestors. Is it surprising that our people are aroused?" * Sir Arthur Robinson - "Your Majesty if you permit me to observe, the violence of the Boxers will not redress the grievences of China" * Dowager Empress - "China is a prostrate cow, the powers are not content milking her, but must also butcher her." * Sir Arthur Robinson - "If China is a cow your majesty, she is indeed a marvelous animal. She gives meat as well as milk…." Pictures in the gallery of a watercolour of the Boxers [1900] and the combat in the siege. For information only not included. 33.5 inches long overall. Blade 20.75 inches
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb Double Barrel Wogdon Flintlock Of The Marquess Of Lothian Probably made for General William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian (1737 – 1815) who was a British soldier and peer, styled Lord Newbattle until 1767, Earl of Ancram from 1767 to 1775, and Colonel of the Scot's Greys from 1813 to 1815. One of two [or possibly three] pistols, made for the Earl by Robert Wogdon. Another pistol by Wogdon made for the earl, we were most fortunate to offer and sell just a few weeks ago, came from the same family, and bore the Earl's crest in an escutcheon, of the sun in splendour beneath an earl's crown [see photo in the gallery] but this pistol bears no escutcheon to display a crest. There were very few earl's that had the sun in splendour beneath their crown as their part crest. Robert Wogdon 1733-1813 is one of England's most noted makers. He is listed as being from Lincolnshire and working as a gun maker at Locksport St. Charring Cross, London, in 1764 and at Hay market 1774-1802. He later was active with John Barton at 19 Haymarket from 1795-1803. The pistol has a pair of left and right stepped lock plates with sliding safeties in the 1/2 cock position. The name "Wogdon" scroll engraved on each flintlock plate. The octagon barrels are wedge fastened. The vents are gold. The sights are a silver X blade front, and a "V" notch rear. The top flats shows the name "Wogdon of London" very finely engraved in script. The stock is of walnut with flat sided grips, as was much favoured in the period and matching the dueller we had, and it has a silver fore-end cap nailed in place with silver nails, the same as the silver escutcheon was on the other Wogdon pistol. Removal of the barrel shows a crown over "CP" London proof over "RW" over the crown over "V" London "View" mark on the underside of both barrels. The engraving is very fine throughout. All furniture is of iron and has a nice smooth brown patina with a pineapple finial to the trigger guard. The barrel is beautifully browned with a two gold touch holes. A very fine example of a classic English double barrel pistol as built by the very best maker. It was indeed a pistol made by the Robert Wogdon of London gunsmith company that killed the US Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton in 1804 in Weehawken, New Jersey, by Aaron Burr. Usually the goal of the honourable duel was often not so much to kill the opponent as to restore one’s honour by demonstrating a willingness to risk one’s life for it. Even though it was illegal after the 17th century, one was rarely prosecuted. Robert Wogdon of London – was by far the most synonymous manufacturer of finest duelling pistols, Such was Wodgon’s fame as a maker of fine pistols that an anonymous Irish Volunteer penned a ‘Stanzas On Duelling’ inscribed to Wogdon the celebrated Pistol-maker (1782) which reads in part: ‘Hail Wogdon! Patron of that leaden death Which waits alike the bully and the brave; As well might art recall departed breath, As any artifice your victims save…………… Duelling has its origins in ancient history. Trial by Battle, introduced at the Norman Conquest, was a forerunner of this method of settling disputes or matters of honour by fighting with appropriate weapons. Death to one of the participants was the usual result although a fatal outcome was not always inevitable. In Prussian duels a wound to the face was sufficient to discharge the cause of the duel. Throughout much of history the small sword was the favoured weapon but in the eighteenth century the use of pistols became more common. Even with such a deadly weapon, satisfaction could be obtained by “winging” the opponent, necessitating the presence of a doctor at the duel as well as the supporters of both duellists. In most societies up to the seventeenth century, the winner of a fatal duel was not tried for murder but in 1679, a royal proclamation denied pardon to anyone who killed another in a duel. By 1820, guidance to justices of the peace stated that in the case of a sudden falling out between two people who agree to each fetch a weapon and fight there and then, should one be killed, the other would not be charged with murder. However, should there be deliberation and they then fought later that day, or perhaps the next day, it would be murder. Then the seconds, or supporters, of the killer would also be guilty of murder and the seconds of the slain man would be guilty as accessories. In the 18th century every officer and gentleman of status sought to own fine English duelling pistols, and if it could be afforded, a matching double barrel pistol would be a much desired additional weapon to use in combat. Affording the officer as it does, twice the firepower of one's opponant. Because of their status, quality, and desireability, a finest English double barrel pistol was often the weapon of choice, for several generations of the English royal family, to gift for presentation to officers and nobles in the favour of the King, or the Prince of Wales. King George IIIrd was noted for doing so, as was his son the Prince Of Wales, [later King George IVth ] right up to Queen Victoria's son, Edward, Prince of Wales, in the 19th century. The Earls of Lothian were advanced to the rank of Marquess at the beginning of the 18th Century. At the beginning of the 17th century King James of Scotland was also made King of England in the Union of the Crowns in 1603, after Queen Elizabeth I of England died without heir. A century later in 1707 the Treaty of Union was declared officially uniting England and Scotland. This was supported by the Kerrs. Lord Mark Kerr son of the Chief Marquess of Lothian, was a distinguished professional soldier and is reputed to have had a high sense of personal honour and a quick temper. He fought several duels throughout his military career but rose ultimately to the rank of general, and was appointed governor of Edinburgh Castle in 1745. During the Jacobite Uprisings Clan Kerr supported the British government. At the Battle of Culloden in 1746 Lord Mark Kerr’s younger brother, Lord Robert Kerr, who was captain of the grenadiers in Barrel’s regiment, received the first charging Cameron on the point of his Spontoon, but then a second cut him through the head to chin. He has the dubious distinction of being the only person of high rank killed on the Government side. The eldest of the brothers, Lord Mark Kerr, later the fourth Marquess of Lothian, commanded three squadrons of Government cavalry at the Battle of Culloden and survived to serve under the Duke of Cumberland in France in 1758. In 2012 a most similar double barrel Wogdon flintlock pistol, made for a British General, sold in auction in the USA for 20,000 USD. 26cm barrels, 37cm long overall. There is a very small piece of stock lacking on the inside rear of the lockplate edge, but this is easily repairable. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb Early 20th Century Airship Enamel and Silver Gilt Demitasse Spoon Decorated with an airship in the bowl, and Graf Von Zeppelin on the handle. In polychrome enamel excellent condition. Hallmarked 800.
A Superb English Civil War 'Mortuary Hilted' Sword for Cavalry Officer Straight slender and elegant blade, single-edged towards the tip, then double edged on the back return for 6 inches, cut with several slender fullers along the back-edge on each side, with small armourers marks of four equally spaced darts. A symmetrical steel basket hilt chiseled with foliage and a portrait busts of two bewigged figures most likely King Charles 1st., on the underside of the guard, drawn-up to form the knuckle-guard, fitted with vertical bar and two side bars with bifurcated scrolling bases front and back, each joined to the knuckle-guard by a pair of moulded bars, a pair of short domed langets, vestigial quillon, and chiseled pommel (later plain grip), In the Civil War, the opening of the battle usually involved groups of cavalry, with the officers carrying these very form of swords. The main objective was to make the opposing cavalry run away. When that happened, the victorious cavalry turned on the enemy infantry. Well-disciplined pike men, brave enough to hold their ground, could do tremendous damage to a cavalry charging straight at them. There are several examples of cavalry men having three or four horses killed under them in one battle. At the start of the war the king's nephew, Prince Rupert, was put in charge of the cavalry. Although Rupert was only twenty-three he already had a lot of experience fighting in the Dutch army. Prince Rupert introduced a new cavalry tactic that he had learnt fighting in Sweden. This involved charging full speed at the enemy. The horses were kept close together and just before impact the men fired their pistols, then arming themselves with their swords for the all too fearsome hand to hand combat During the early stages of the Civil War the parliamentary army was at a great disadvantage. Most of the soldiers had never used a sword or musket before. When faced with Prince Rupert's cavalry charging at full speed, they often turned and ran. One of the Roundhead officers who saw Prince Rupert's cavalry in action was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Although Cromwell had no military training, his experience as a large landowner gave him a good knowledge of horses. Cromwell became convinced that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers. He knew that pike men, armed with sixteen-foot-long pikes, who stood their ground during a cavalry attack, could do a tremendous amount of damage. Oliver Cromwell also noticed that Prince Rupert's cavalry were not very well disciplined. After they charged the enemy they went in pursuit of individual targets. At the first major battle of the civil war at Edge hill, most of Prince Rupert's cavalrymen did not return to the battlefield until over an hour after the initial charge. By this time the horses were so tired they were unable to mount another attack against the Roundheads. Cromwell trained his cavalry to keep together after a charge. In this way his men could repeatedly charge the Cavaliers. Cromwell's new cavalry took part in its first major battle at Marston Moor in Yorkshire in July 1644. The king's soldiers were heavily defeated in the battle. Cromwell's soldiers became known as the Ironsides' because of the way they cut through the Cavaliers on the battlefield. The Mortuary hilted swords actually gained their unusual name some considerable time after the Civil War. For, as they bore representational portraits of King Charles Ist, it was believed in Victorian times that they were to symbolize the death of the King, however, as these swords were actually made from 1640, long before he was executed, it was an obviously erroneous naming, that curiously remains to this day. This example is a beautiful, fine and singularly handsome piece and would certainly be a fine addition to any collection of rare English swords. There are a few examples near identical to this sword in the Royal Collection and the Tower of London Collection. 82cm blade As the sword is black steel we have emphasized the design of the basket hilt using a red velvet insert within the guard, this is for display purposes only.
A Superb English George IVth Boxlock Derringer In excellent condition with stunning patina. With steel barrel and frame and slab sided walnut grips with box lock action. A very fine, sound and effective small personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organized crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's current rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland]. Overall 16cm long, barrel 5cm. Excellent tight action. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb First Empire French General Officer's Silver Epee Dated 1815. From the end of Napoleon's First Empire & the Restoration Period. Superb silver casting, showing great detail and quality within the design. Lion masks set in the knuckle bow, and lion head profiles in the shell guard. The stand-of-arms panel within the guard contain's mortars, howitzers and standards, set with a crown upper centre. Chequered ebony grips. A very superior blade, armourer marked, stamped and dated 1815. The overall condition is superb with just small hairline cracks in the ebony. The rise of Napoleon troubled the other European powers as much as the earlier revolutionary regime had. Despite the formation of new coalitions against him, Napoleon’s forces continued to conquer much of Europe. The Peninsular War in Spain was a hard lost conflict , covering many years and dozens of battles against his nemesis, the Duke of Wellington. Eventually, the tide of war began to turn against Napoleon, after the disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, that caused Napoleon to lose much of his Grand Armee. The following year, during the War of the Sixth Coalition, Coalition forces defeated the French in the Battle of Leipzig. Following its victory at Leipzig, the Coalition vowed to press on to Paris and depose Napoleon. In the last week of February 1814, Prussian Field Marshal Blücher advanced on Paris. After multiple attacks, maneuvering, and reinforcements on both sides, Blücher won the Battle of Laon in early March 1814; this victory prevented the Allied army from being pushed north out of France. The Battle of Reims went to Napoleon, but this victory was followed by successive defeats from increasingly overwhelming odds. Coalition forces entered Paris after the Battle of Montmartre on 30 March 1814. On 6 April 1814, Napoleon abdicated his throne, leading to the accession of Louis XVIII and the first Bourbon Restoration a month later. The defeated Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba, while the victorious British Prussian, Austrian and Russian Coalition sought to redraw the map of Europe at the Congress of Vienna. The Hundred Days, sometimes known as the Hundred Days of Napoleon or Napoleon's Hundred Days , marked the period between Emperor Napoleon I of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 111 days later). This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign and the Neapolitan War. The Battle of Waterloo was Napoleon's last great throw of the dice to retain his country as Emperor, but thanks to skillful tactics and a fair portion of good fortune, Wellington prevailed. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the King. Napoleon returned while the Congress of Vienna was sitting. On 13 March, seven days before Napoleon reached Paris, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw, and on 25 March, five days after his arrival in Paris, Austria, Prussia, Russia and the United Kingdom, members of the Seventh Coalition, bound themselves to put 150,000 men each into the field to end his rule. This set the stage for the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, by Wellington assisted by Blucher, the restoration of the French monarchy for the second time and the permanent exile of Napoleon to the distant island of Saint Helena, where he died in May 1821.
A Superb German Naval 'Superior' Officer's Kriegsmarine Sword With carved ivory hilt and nearly all of it's gilding remaining. With a duluxe honour grade blade, fully etched and decorated decorated with German sailing ships, battle ships and naval devices [anchors etc]. Lion's head pommel with the scarce type of 'fold back' outer guard [for comfort of wear]. Overall in very good condition indeed, and a rare and most desirable sword, used by a German Naval officer in WW1, and then, in his superior high Kapitan zur See rank, during his service in the Kriegsmarine in WW2. Maker marked blade. The Kriegsmarine [ War Navy) was the title of the German Navy from 1935 to 1945, covering most of the period of Nazi rule. It superseded the Kaiserliche Marine of World War I and the post-war Reichsmarine. The Kriegsmarine was one of three official branches of the Wehrmacht, the armed forces of Nazi Germany. The Kriegsmarine grew rapidly during German naval rearmament in the 1930s (the Treaty of Versailles had limited the size of the German navy previously). In January 1939 Plan Z was ordered, calling for the construction of many naval vessels. The ships of the Kriegsmarine fought during the Spanish Civil War and World War II. The Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine (as for all branches of armed forces during the period of absolute Nazi power) was Adolf Hitler, who exercised his authority through the Oberkommando der Marine. The Kriegsmarine's most famous ships were the U-boats, most of which were constructed after Plan Z was abandoned at the beginning of World War II. Wolfpacks were rapidly assembled groups of submarines which attacked British convoys during the first half of the Battle of the Atlantic but this tactic was largely abandoned in the second half of the war. Along with the U-boats, surface commerce raiders (including auxiliary cruisers) were used to disrupt Allied shipping in the early years of the war, the most famous of these being the heavy cruisers Graf Spee and Admiral Scheer and the battleship Bismarck. However, the adoption of convoy escorts, especially in the Atlantic, greatly reduced the effectiveness of commerce raiders against convoys.
A Superb Group of WW2 Campaign Medals A 5 medal Royal Naval group including Africa Star, Burma Star, Atlantic Star, 1939/45 Star and war medal.
A Superb Imperial French Cuirassiers Sword,1811, Of Napoleon's Grande Armee Maker marked and dated 1811. Klingenthal marked blade. Superb original leather grip, and a very fine double fullered blade with stunning old patina. Late steel combat scabbard without denting. Renown throughout the world of historic sword collectors as probably the biggest and most impressive cavalry sword ever designed. Made in 1811 this would have seen service in the Elite Cuirassiers of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments of the Grande Armee. The French Invasion of Russia ( Campagne de Russie) began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army. Napoleon hoped to compel Tsar Alexander I of Russia to cease trading with British merchants through proxies in an effort to pressure the United Kingdom to sue for peace. The official political aim of the campaign was to liberate Poland from the threat of Russia. Napoleon named the campaign the Second Polish War to curry favour with the Poles and provide a political pretence for his actions. The Grande Armée was a very large force, numbering nearly half a million men from several different nations. Through a series of long marches Napoleon pushed the army rapidly through Western Russia in an attempt to bring the Russian army to battle, winning a number of minor engagements and a major battle at Smolensk in August. Napoleon hoped the battle would mean an end of the march into Russia, but the Russian army slipped away from the engagement and continued to retreat into Russia, while leaving Smolensk to burn. Plans Napoleon had made to quarter at Smolensk were abandoned, and he pressed his army on after the Russians. The battles continued, but once the winter set in Napoleon's army was facing unsurmountable odds that left it effectively shattered beyond repair. Napoleon fled, it is said, dressed as a woman, and the army left to it's sad and miserable fate. Only around 27,000 were able to return after a mere six months of the Russian campaign. The campaign was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. The reputation of Napoleon was severely shaken, and French hegemony in Europe was dramatically weakened. The Grande Armée, made up of French and allied invasion forces, was reduced to a fraction of its initial strength. These events triggered a major shift in European politics. France's ally Prussia, soon followed by Austria, broke their alliance with France and switched camps. This triggered the War of the Sixth Coalition. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers swords in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly magnificent Napoleonic sword in superb condition for it's age. The largest sword of it's kind that was ever made or used by the world's greatest cavalry regiments. Made at Klingenthal and Versailles. Napoleon's finest and elite regiments, such as this one, came from the Versailles workshop that was personally controlled by Nicholas Boutet, Napoleon's own gunsmith. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To f